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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 27, 1913, Image 1

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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
Rain to-day, followed by clear
ing and much colder by night.
Temperatures yesterday Max
imum, 73; minimum, 60.
The Herald has the larjrest
morning home circulation, and
prints all the news of the world,
with many exclusive features.
NO. 2363
WASHINGTON. D. C. THURSDAY, MARCH 27. 1913. -TWELVE PAGES.
ONE CENT.
"' U"c"",vr"i v--';-14-.' -V
BULLETIN, 4 A.M. Phoneton, Ohio, March 27 (Thursday). Dayton reported doomed by fire.
One hundred persons are said to have been caught in collapsing apartment building and killed.
FUMES RAGE IN FLOOD-SWEPT DAYTON;
3.000 DIE IN WATERS IN THREE STATES
THOUSANDS FLEE;
CAMiiur nr tnnn.
inminLui iuuu)
DEATHFOLLOWS
Indianapolis Latest City to Be
Caught in Throes of
Raging Water.
PERU IS IN DARKNESS
Situation Throughout Indiana Worse
and Result of Levee Break
Is Unknown.
BULLETIN.
Indianapolis, Ind.. March 26.
Forty thousand residents tonight
are fleeing from flooded homes. A
food famine is threatened. Deaths
due to exposure are adding to the
flood horror.
South Bend. Ind., Man.li 26.
Aduccs recehcd here tonight in
dicate that the situation through
out the Mate is growing worse
The situation at Peru is critical
Xo definite figures as to the loss
of life in that city arc obtainable,
but estimates range from 30 to
200. The propcrH loss is plated
at $2,500,000.
rhouands Hnmele...
Sevcnt-fic hundred persons are
homcles-i. At Logaiuport the wa
ter continues to ne, and the hi
Third Street bridge was swept
awaj this eening. The Sixth
Street bridge-is being washed out,
The inhabitants arc fleeing to the
hills. Much of the residence sec
tion in Terre Haute is under
waste, and the damage is estimated
at oer $2,000,000. Railroad traf
fic throughout the State has been
almost completely suspended
Cll In Darkness.
Reports are that 1T") person were
drowned In W est Indianapolis when an
earthen levee protecting the lowlands
broke and allowed the water to ingulf
the place
A telephone message received from
Peru this evening -.ajs the eitv is with
out light or I tat The water uppl has
heen nit iff and auitarv conditions are
horrible Two thousands people ar- hud
dled on the courthouse square, which is
three miles from the nearest dry land
One thousand others are marooned In a
hospital, while 300 children are impris
oned in a school building
The upper floors of all factories and
office buildings are crowded with refu
gees. The onlv motor boat m the citv
has been dUablcd and row boats cannot
enture into the raging torrent, so the
South Bend relief volunteers are unable
to get blanket and food to the sufferers
It cf line In 11111a.
Warned by the rapidly rising waters,
hundreds of people In Peru last night
sought refuge in the hills three miles
out of the cit. The thousands who
were not so fortunate were driven to
the public buildings and factories, where
they are now packed like sardines In a
box All day long there was but a single
block In the entire town which had not
been submerged by the swollen Wabash
River.
The entire southern section of the city
was swept awaj. EnUre families were
trapped In homes. Two hundred and
twenty-five injured were started for
South Bend tonight. The bravery of
Edward Mack, a fisherman, saved ap
proximately 600 people from death
When eery one else refused to go Into
the affected territory to warn the Inhab
itants of the coming Inundation. Mack
at the risk of his life set about the task
single-handed.
TrnvellnK Men o Rescue.
Traveling men proved of great assist
ance today when the -work of rescuing
began Many of them, who had been
stalled in local hotels, chartered row
boats as soon as they realized the true
state of affairs and rescued many people.
PENNSYLVANIATOWNS
ARE UNDER WATER
Pittsburg. Pa., March 26 A heavy
flood is raging In a major portion of the
valley section surrounding this city for
many miles. Many suburbs have been
damaged. In some cases to an enormous
extent. From Meadvllle. Pa.: Oil City,
Pa.: Beaver Falls. Newcastle. Sharon
and other small cities In this section of
Penns 1 vanla, reports- of several deaths
by drowning and a heavy property loss
are being received almost hourly.
Thousands have been made homeless
and chaotic conditions prevail In all of
the deluged towns. The water supplies
and the lighting plants have been put
out of commission entirely.
tSSJSS to California.
Via Washington-Sunset Route. March 14
to April 14. Personally conducted tourist
Sleeping cars without change, dally ex-
pt aunaav. nenn. w. a. j. "oston.
mMST and 705 15th St.
ISTORM, BROKEN
iiu Minm p umt
in imuuLL iilui,
SWEEPING EAST
Forecasts at Midnight Indi
cate Heavy Rains Along
the Atlantic.
WARNINGS ARE SENT OUT
Cold Wave Expected to Go as Far
South as Northern
Florida.
Forecatts issued by the United States
Wtathr Bureau late last night, based
on observations made by forecasters in
the Central Wertern States, indicate that
the cret of the rainstorm has passed
over Indiana and Ohio, but that it is
spreading southward and eastward, with
prospects for heavy rains along the At
lantic const tomorrow. This will be fol
low eil bv a sudden drop in temperature,
as low as freezing, as far south as North
Carolina and Tennessee, resulting In
danger to the carl fruit crops. With
th breiking up of the storm In the Cen
tral Mates strong winds threaten to
sweep the East, with gales at sea. Ac
cordingly, storm warnings were Issued
last night to all points on the coast from
Boston touth to Jacksonville.
Reports to the Weather Bureau from
the storm area were greatly belated,
owing to wire troubles The entire Ohio
Valle is being flooded from Pittsburg to
Cairo, with the greatest danger threat
ening Parkersburg, W. Va Owing to
the flooded condition being general, the
officials have but slight fears for a.
dangerous condition In the Mississippi.
in a special forecast. Issued at midnight,
the W eather Bureau said
llrai Fall In Tennessee.
'Additional rainfall reports received to
dav confirm earlier indications of heavy
rains on the watersheds of streams In
Kentuckj aid Tennessee which enter the
Ohio River from the south This fact
insures a repetition of the flood In that
river that was experienced in January
of thit, ear, with a probable stage at
CairoVf at least fifty feet within the next
ten da The crest of the stage in the
Ml-sl'sippi at bt Louis may slightly ex
ceed twentv -seven feet b the end of the
week. The precipitation north of the
Ohio Valley todav was not heavj, and
the volume of water In the risers of those
States was not materially Increased.
"Flood stages are indicated for the
Upper Susquehanna and In the Hudson
River at Troy and Albanv.
'Definite stages In the Mississippi
below Cairo cannot et be forecast,
but with the water now In sight a
flood with stages not very greatly In
excess of the stages experienced In
February of this jear "ferns wholly
probable. The outlook for the cessa
tion of rain In the flood districts with
in the next twentv -four hours Is good"
It Is stated that the weather tomor
row will be fair throughout practically
the entire country, and that the tem
perature will raise today west of the
Mississippi, and on Friday throughout
the central vallejs. The cold wave In
the meantime is expected to go as far
south as Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia,
and North Florida, but it is not ex
pected to reach the freezing point in
those States
Snnvv Flurries lleported.
Snow flurries were reported In Ohio,
Indiana, and Northern Kentucky, ap
parently In advance of the snowstohm
that has been sweeping through the
Northeast and the States west of the
Mississippi A blizzard Is not expected,
however, in the Central States.
Ohio River stages were reported tonight
t 7 o'clock as follows
Pittsburg, 25 feet anil rising, with In
dications for 26 feet bj tomorrow morn
ing. No higher is expected Twentj-two
feet la the danger stage there. The hlgh-
ater mark of Sj.5 was reached at Pitts
burg in 1907.
Parkersburg, W. Va . 22 feet, and 43
feet expected. The danger line is 06 feet.
Portsmouth, Ohio. 23 5 reet.
Mavsville. Ky.. 25 feet.
Cattletsburg, Ky.. 26.5 feet.
Cincinnati. Ohio. 54 5, with 57 or 53 feet
expected by tomorrow morning. Flood
stage, 50 feet
Louisville. Ky, 2Z.5 at 5 a.m . and 23
feet expected by tonight.
The Great Miami, on which Dayton,
Ohio. Is located, and the Little Miami,
mntylng into the Ohio above Cincin
nati, are reported falling. The Licking
River, emptying Into the Ohio at Cov
ington, Ky., is rising rapidly.
The Weather Bureau forecaster at
Columbus. Ohio, has been unable to get
any report through since this morning.
said that the Muskingum Kiver at
Zanesville was 40 feet and rising rapidly.
The danger line there Is 3 feet.
Piqua on Fire.
Phoneton, Ohio, March 27 (Thursday.)
Troy reports that Plqua Is on lira and
that the flames of the fire there are
plainly visible at Troy.
Piqua esterday reported a heavy death
loss, which has up to tonight been un
confirmed. 2-80 Philadelphia and Return,
5 Chester and return: 12.00 Wil
mington and return. Pennsylvania Rail
road Sunday excursion. March 30. Spe
cial train leaves Union Station. Wash
ington, 7:20 a. m.; returning, leaves
Broad St. Station. Philadelphia 7:15 p.
m. west r nuaaeipnia, :iv p. m.; unes-
flRE ADDS
' ,,,L MUU0
nrnm r iA TnnnniTO
rtuntMO mnnmid
TOWN IS UNDER MARTIAL LAW
Refugees in Tottering Structures Without Food or Drink.
Pestilence Is Feared Water in the Streets Four
Feet Deep Dynamite Is Being Used Freely
to Check the Contlagration.
BUILDINGS IN DANGER OF COLLAPSING
AND CARRYING HUNDREDS TO DEATH
BULLETIN.
Phoneton, Ohio, March 26. Maj. Smith, b command of the State National Guard,
has declared the city of Dayton under martial law.
The militiamen have a number of boats, and rafts are being constructed in order
to reach the business center of the city.
The temperature is falling rapidly, and the indications are that snow will fall be
fore daylight, adding to the sufferings of the refugees.
A telephone station has been established at the north flood limit, on the outskirts
of Dayton. Messages will be transmitted from survivors to relatives and friends out
side as fast as possible.
By lounaJataace telephone to The Waahliurfnn Hernia.
Phoneton, Ohio, March 26.
z a. m.
A telephone company employe who has just returned from the north side of Dayton, which is the
submerged district, reports that the known loss of life is 500, but may.be much greater, as conditions pre
clude a close estimate at present.
10.000 ARE IN DANGEB.
Ten thousand persons are marooned in buildings and on the roofs of houses. The indications are
that unless much relief reaches Dayton before morning that the loss of life will be doubled. Many bodies
not "accounted for in the above estimate were seen floating through the streets.
REFUGEES FACE DEATH.
There are 600 refugees in the high school, the foundation of which has ,been undermined and the
building is in imminent danger of collapsing. '
Three babies were born this afternoon in a church where over 100 persons are marooned. Early this
afternoon a child was born in an open boat as the mother was being coneed to a place of safety.
The rain was pouring down in torrents at the time, and no assistance could be rendered the mother
for two hours.
FOUR HOTELS DESTROYED BY FIRE.
Four hotels and seeral churches, as well as many of the prominent business blocks in the city, have
either been completely destroyed by fire or have collapsed when their foundations were washed from under
them.
I'lre Piirtly Under Control.
At 7 o'clock tonight the fire, which was
raging In the business center of the city,
was reported as being partially under
control, due mainly to the heavy rain
throughout the da v. At S 50 o'clock, how
ever, a second report said that the fire
was increasing rapid! j, and that unless It
was checked within a few hours the en
tire business district would be destroyed.
At S o'clock Maj. Anderson, commanding
a battalion of the State militia, left here
In an effort to reach North Da) ton.
The water In the streets of Dayton
which yesterdav was at a maximum of
fifteen feet, had receded to an average
evel of four feet at 6 o clock this even
ing. The plant of the National Cash
Register Company, five miles from the
center of Dayton, has been turned Into
a hospital and general refuge for the suf
ferers. President John H. Patterson, of
the National Cash Register Company.
has ordered a special train from Cin
$1,000
promptly receipted, acknowledged by publication,
proper authorities in Uhio and Indiana.
Contributions received by THE WASHINGTON HERALD will
in no way interfere with the work of the American Red Cross, The Herald
desiring to aid thcsociety in every possible way.
Checks or casli should be sent to THE WASHINGTON HER
ALD FLOOD RELIEF FUND.
TERROR TO STRICKEN
Llll,u u ' "luiu-n
The fire which broke out here this
cinnati with surgeons, nurse, food,
clothing, boats, and 6U) coffins
, A number of boats have been con
structed at the National Cash Register
Companv' nlant and these are being used
In the rescue work.
Farmers and all Inhabitants for mile
around have poured Into the flooded dis
trict and are aiding In every possible
manner In removing the destitute to
places of safety. The rescuers have found
much difficulty In persuading many per
sons to leave the scene of the disaster
until they are certain that all other mem
bers of their families are safe.
From the edge of the flooded area In
North Dayton the telephone man could
see many persons running from roof to
roof In the business district In an effort
to escape the flames. During the early
afternoon the fire raged with terrific
persistence No estimate can as yet be
made as to the number burned to death.
People are huddled In churches and
public buildings and In attics or on th
subscribed by THE WASHING
TON HERALD, is to head a fund
to be raised by readers of this news
paper for the relief of the flood suf
ferers. Money contributions will
be gladly received bv The Herald.
oiinmnr
dUDiuu
afternoon is still raging at this hour,
roofs of private houses, and the sight
of these refugees Is most pathetic
Many children arc separated from their
parents and In other parts of the dis
trict frantic mothers are calling for their
cl lldren, not knowing whether they are
dead or alive.
There Is great danger that disease will
spread rapidly among the marooned per
sons, owing to the many dead animals
and refuse which is floating among th3
buildings, and as the water subsides It
Is collecting and already beginning to
btcome putrid . On all sides is heard the
cry for food and drinking water. Sucn
fcod as can be procured is being dis
tributed by relief parties In boats among
Continued on Pnne Fonr.
jan Philadelphia and Return,
. ..o.t. aim icmui, ,., iiming
ton and return. Pennsylvania Railroad
nc-ci ouuuuy. oyeciai train leaves vvash-
1...e,.w.. . - . in. vunouii ic-ivei agents
for further particulars.
and forwarded to the
FEDERAL AID TO
FLOODMTIMS
President Acts Immediately
Upon Receipt of
Appeals.
WAR DEPARTMENT ACTS
Tents and Supplies Sent to Devastated
Districts Red Cross Gives
Material Assistance.
President Wilson was deeply moved by
the news received here on the flood sit
uation In Ohio, Indiana and Penns) lva
nla, and he devoted practically the en
tire day to dealing with It. Early In the
day he made It evident that he regarded
the calamity as of nation! proportion
and that he thought It the dutj of the
Federal Government to furnish all pos
sible aid
From the first, when he had learned
from Miss Mabel Boardman, the chair
man of the relief board of the ned
Cross Socletv. and others, of the extent
of the flood disasters, the President as
sumed active charge of the work of
carrjlng the assistance of the govern
ment to the stricken district', and every
move made by the War Department here
was at hN Immediate direction. The
President contlnuallv was In touch with
Secretary of War Garrison either by tel
ephone f the War Department or In
actual conference at the White House.
The two men discussed the tragic stories
which were borne Into Washington by
tne press dispatches and private tel
cgramts fmin persons on the scene.
Scarcely had the President breakfasted
Jesterday morning before 1 eVa told that
Miss Boardman desired to confer with
him at the Executive Offices regarding
ire need for assistance made evident bv
the confirmation of the early morning
stories of the Ohio diaters
Isues Proclamntlon.
Secretary to the President Tumulty
met the Red Cross leader He was told
that Gov Cox of Ohio had mad
urgent appeal to the Red Cros for a
i.tance Miss Boardman asked that the
President i'sue r proclamation empha
sizing the woefulness of the conditions
prevailing In the stricken districts and
appealing for aid from the country at
large.
The President almost immediately pre
pared a proelamaUon. setting forth the
compassion he felt for ihe unfortunate
persons In the flood districts and call
ing on the countrv to aslt the Rc-1
Cross relief work bj contributions This
was his proclamation
"The terrible floods In Ohio and In.
dlana has assumed the proportions of
a national calamitv The loss of life
and the infinite suffering Involved prompt
me to lsiue an earnest appeal to all
who are able. In however small a w.iy.
to aslst the labor of the American
Red Cross to send contributions at once
to the Red Cross at Washington or to
local treasurers of the society
"We should make this a common
caue The needs of those upon whom
this sudden and overwhelming disaster
has come should quicken everv one caD-
able of mpathv and compassion to give
Immediate aid to those who are labor
ing to rescue and relieve
Tvooimow vtjlsov
TrleKraph to Governors.
At the same time the President ad
dressed the following telegram to Gov
Cox and Gov Ralston of Indiana
I deeply svmpathlze with the Deonle
of our State In fie terrible disaster
that has come upon them. Can the Fed
eral government assist In any wav
Gov. Cox's reply came Quickly. He
said-
"We have asked the Secretary of War
this morning for tents, supplies, rations.
and physicians In the name of hu
manity see that this is granted at the
earliest possible momnt The situation
in thi State Ls very critical. We believe
that S0.CO3 people were unsheltered last
night, and the Indications are that be
fore night the Muskingum Valley will
suffer the fate of the Miami and Scioto
Valle) S. JVMES M COX. (ioimior '
Lpon receipt of Gov. Cox's telegram
the Secretary of War was summoned to
the White House and plans for immediate
participation by the government In the
relief work wre made definite. The Sec
retary hurried out telegraphic orders for
the work to begin, and the President
oon notified the Governor that hi re
quest for asistance had been complied
with, and that the War Department
would use every agency to meet the
needs of the situation.
Acta on Oun Initiative.
The President acted on his own respon
sibility In taking the emergency meas
ures he adopted vesterday. and did not
wait for the sanction of the Appropria
tions Committees of Congress. After the
Secretary of War had set the relief ma
chinery of the War Department into
operation, however, the President did
send telegrams to Senator Martin, chair
man of the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee, ami to Representative Fitzgerald
chairman of the House Appropriations
Committee, telling them of what he had
done. The President stated that he as
sumed Congress would adopt the neces
sary emergency measure for pa ment for
the supplies to be consumed and expenses
Incurred by the government In the relief
work. Senator Martin replied that he
approved absolutely of the Preldent's
course. Representative Fitzgerald's ap
proval is taken for granted.
Matinee, "The Lote Leash."
Today. 215. Columbia. Theater. SI to 50c.
DEATH TOLL IN
THEOHIOVALLEY
MAY TOTAL 3,000
At Least 500,000 Persons Are
Reported Now to Be
-Homeless.
DAMAGE IS $100,000,000
Indianapolis Threatened with Disaster
fcquai to that at Dayton,
Ohio.
It is feared that the death roll
of the great flood that swept the
Northern Ohio Valley Tuesday
and esterday may reach 3,000.
Estimates of the number of dead
in the flood and fire swept city of
Daton vary from 500 to 2,500.
Scores of persons are unaccount
ed for, and many bodies are float
ing about the ruins, which will add
materially to the death total.
Damns. Mnr Reach lO.l.OOO.OOO.
At least 500,000 persons have
been left homeless in the flooded
territory of Ohio and Indiana, and
the property loss may reach the
enormous total nf Ainnnnnnnn
J Daton has been placed under
maruai law, with .Maj. Smith, of
.iiiv. oia.c .anonai ouard, in
command. Additional militia have
ncen ordered irom various points
in Ohio to assist in the relief work.
Fire Threatens Cltv.
While the flood has abated, the
fire which has burned during the
day in the business center of the
city continues, and thousands of
persons who are marooned in the
buildings are in peril. Dynamite
has been ued freely in blowing up
many of the large buildings, while
the heay downpour during the
afternoon tended greatly to check
the flames.
InillnnnimlU In Dancer,
Indianapolis ls threttened with a dis
aster almost as great as befell Daton.
Transportation with the city from all
outId. points is entirelv cut off, and
there is danger of a famine. Forty thou
sand persons are refugees from their
flooded homes. Two hundred are report
ed drowned, and several deaths have
fbeen reported during the day. owing to
privation and exposure. The Inrfna.
River is still rising, and a heavy down
pour has. continued during the day.
Reports are arriving hourly from scores
of cities and towns In Ohio, and prove
that State to be the worst sufferer.
Flood In Cincinnati.
Cincinnati ls partially flooded, and the
Ohio River had reached the flftv-stx feet
level early tonight, and sixty feet Is ex
pected b morning. Thousands of per
sons have been driven from their homes
and much damage done by the water.
Columbus. Ohio, i in total darkness
and railroad communication with the rest
Of the State has been cut off Twenty-
two deaths have occurred as a result of
the flood. A panic occurred there to
day when the rumor that the great stor
age dam vvhich furathed the citya wsy
Contlnued on Pajre Four.
600 BODIES TAKEN
FROM DAYTON RUINS
Message to Cincinnati Places Prob
able Death List at
1,200.
Cincinnati, Ohio. March rfi. A Monroe.
of this city, received from his brother.
J. C Monroe, at Daj ton. the first definite)
information received here since the break
ing of communication. thlrt-six hours
ago. According to Mr. Monroe, who was
In long-dl-tance telephone communication
with his brother, the list of known dead,
Is fcfiO. with the probable total estimate)
for Davton as 1.M0.
"My brother declared that there were 600
bodies recovered from the flood." said A.
L. Monroe. "This Ls in Dayton proper
and does not include the outer districts.
where the devastation was more complete.
'He declares that a careful estimate ot
the total number of dead within the city
limits of Dayton will probably be LSH.
"This, however, dees not Include Mlam-
Isburg and the smaller town. Suffering.
he declares, ls extreme, and, little food,
clothing, or even drinkable water, ls ob
tainable." Philadelphia excursion.
Nexr Sunday. March 30. Pennsylvania.
Railroad S2.SO .round trip. Special train
leaves Washington T:20 a. m. S2.3 ta
Chester and return: &Q0 to Wilmington
and return. Consult ticket afaataV
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