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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, April 18, 1913, Image 6

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THfi WASHINGTON HERALD. FRIDAY, APRIL 18; 1913. . ,
- 1 a 1 - -
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
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New Xork RerresenUtlTe, J. a WILBERDING,
bl'EClAL AGENCY, Brunswick Building.
Chicago ItepmenlitiTe. A. B. KEATOR, R5
Hartictd Bulletins.
Atlantic City KepmentaUre, a K. ABBOT. 63
Ktrtlctt Buildms.
FRIDAY, APRIL. IS, 1913.
Tariff and Cost of Living.
Thousands of people believe today
that thereduction of the tariff duties
on the market-basket products, which
arc found in the new Democratic tariff
bill, will bring about a reduction in the
cost of living. They naively conclude,
for example, that a reduction of 50 per
cent in the duty on woolen cloth will
be reflected by a corresponding decline
in the retail price of that product, or,
to take another example, that, if sugar
is made free, thev will be able to buy
sugar at the corner grocery for ap
proximate! - cents less per pound
than they do now. It is undoubtedly
true that tariff rates affect prices, but
it is not the only force affecting prices.
In the complexity of our economic life
the interaction of forces are baffling
and no simple solution of high prices
can be accurate.
While the question i in dispute, it
may be laid down that the underlying
and fundamental cause of high prices is
the great increase in the gold supply
which has taken place during the last
decade. The monetary floor upon
which we stand is unstable. The dol
lar has declined in purchasing power.
The effect ha been somewhat the same
as it would hae been if the govern
ment had commanded that each dollar
be cut in half and each half be hence
forth called a dollar. When prices are
rising from this cause, salaries and
professional fees respond less quickly
to the changed conditions than do
price of foodstuffs, and we have com
plaints of the high cost of living.
Among the other causes of the high
co-t of living arc combinations of capi
tal, combinations of labor, combinations
of distributers, ri-c in the standard of
living among Americans, the increase
of urban, and decline of rural popula
tion and the tariff.
In the Underwood bill the rates of
the Paync-Aldrich bill arc radically re
duced. Among the food a-ticlcs placed
on the free list arc meats, flour, fish,
milk, and potatoes, and among the food
articles upon which the duty was re
duced are viigar. cattle, wheat, sheep,
lemon-, pineapples rice, macaroni, but
ter, cheese, beans, eggs, vegetable, and
a number of other products. Boots
and shoes arc also put on the free list,
and cotton and woolen fabric arc to be
admitted to the country at a very
much reduced rate.
If the consumer will not get all the
benefit of these reductions it is fair
to ask: "Who will?" In the first place,
many of the reductions arc nominal.
The importations of some of the ar
ticles arc negligible now, and will not
be materially increased by the reduction
in duties. Importations in such cases
will not have sufficient effect on the
forces now fixing the price in the
American market to reduce it appre
ciably In the second place, the benefit
of the reduction in many cases will be
absorbed by the middleman before the
product reaches the consumer. Take,
for example, a fancy gingham, the
jobber's price o'f which is 17.5 cent,
and which the retailer sells at 25 cents.
As is well known in the trade there
arc certain fixed retail prices for cotton
goods, and a variation of the jobber's
price as much as 2 cents, cither up or
down, will not affect the price at which
the retailer clls. Under such a condi
tion a tariff change which would af
fect the jobber's price 2 cents would
never be reflected in the consumer's
price This is only one illustration of
a principle found in the distribution of
many products, and which makes many
predictions of the direct effect of re
duced duties false.
Reductions in certain duties will have
immediate effect upon prices in certain
sections of the countrj'. Sugar, if made
free, would be cheaper, as it was un
der the McKinlcy bill. Free meats
would encourage the importation of
frozen meats 'from Argentina and else
where, and at least in our seaboard
cities there would be a 'decline in price.
Free fish probably would affect the
price immediately. Free dairy products
will, no doubt, affect the price of but
ter and eggs in the Northeastern cities
near Canada, and this might be true of
vegetables. The direct effect of tariff
..reduction, however, as has been said, is
comparatively limited.
A reduction of the tariff may have
the ultimate effect of reducing prices
which" will not be immediately affect
ed. Foreign production will be stimu-
American market and the increase of
importation will tend to force the
price down. By stimulating foreign
production the reduction of tariff-rates
may ultimately bring 'some relief to
thejeonsumer all along the line.
Secretary Darnels' IiMTatiei.
The Secretary of the Navy has de
cided to abolish the nautical terms of
"starboard" and "port," and to use in
stead the plain English expressions of
"right" or "left"
This appears but a small matter, but
it is not. The change sounds simple,
but is not Much of the romance and
the glamour of the sea tales will have
to go by the board with this innova
tion, and, oh, what about the writers
of those thrilling marine yarns a la
Marryat or Roberts, &c, filled with
all-absorbing, blood-curdling stories of
life aboard ship and on the Hmitlcc
ocean waves.
' We doubt whether Mr. Daniels knew
the far-reaching results of his ukase.
What will become of the denatured
annals of piracy? What is to be jet
tisoned next by landlubbering desk men?
Shiver your timbers! Arc we never
more to hear gunwale, shroulds, taff
rail, yard-arms, davits, or jibboom?
Farewell spanker-sheet or martingale
guy. What, anyway, is to be the fate
of the nomenclature of the schooner,
brig, full-rigged ship, clipper, &c, in
these days of mastless and sailless
giant scafighters?
Alas and alack! Maintop-gallants,
stunsails, mizzentops, peak halyards,
clue-garnets, bowline-bridles, they wTH
have no more meaning for the old-time
salt than the A B C to the incipient
kindercrartcn boy. Instead of "star
boarding the helm" let us simply push
the rudder to the "right side." Instead
of "below or aloft," it is to be "up
stairs and downstairs," instead of "up
per deck," it will be "second story."
It is to be "front and back" for "fore
or aft."
Oh, shades of Neptune! Oh. e
sacred memories of Farragut. of Nel
son, of Drake, even of Columbus! Has
it come to this?
I , NATION'S MEN OF AFFAIRS IN CARTOON -i j 1
msMMM
' imMOBl '
1 '"' .HswMHHMNHBn 11 llili.
' a" ;SiayAimhjJg - "
"Staggering" Humanity.
The bill adopted by the British Par
liament, making it possible to release
hunger-striking prisoners on parole,
but rcimprison them when they arc
well again, is a measure as sensible as
it is necessary. Not the least of its
advantages is that it will render un
necessary the practice of forcible feed
ing, a measure that tended to make
martyrs of those concerned. Under the
new law the punishment will be more
effective and will have no glamour about
it. It will cease to be possible for per
sons convicted of grave crimes to make
a triumphant exit from jail by dint of
a few days' fasting.
While welcoming the law on these
grounds, it is still felt that it will not
go to the root of British "militant"
suffragism. That root, in our estima
tion, is financial and mus"t be reached
by a measure making the monetary
fines inflicted by criminal courts re
coverable as a civil debt and abolishing
the option of evading the consequences
by the cheap and theatrical alternative
of going to prison.
Some of Mrs. Pankhurst's followers
have been threatening to "stagger" hu
manity, a phrase which made a deep
impression in England. Such words
have an unfortunate effect on the lead
ers o'f lost causes, such as a resort to
violence in order to hasten the advent
of equal suffrage in Great Britain. The
anarchists of Houndsditch and of Paris
also promised to "stagger" humanity,
but they were suppressed quickly. The
world's sympathy is a powerful force,
but "staggering" humanity will not en
list it. The Russian nihilists won sym
pathy in proportion a they were exiled
and tortured. They forfeited that very
sympathy when they resorted to crime.
The appeal of martyrdom is emo
tional and illogical and is most success
ful against a cruel and vindictive gov
ernment English rule is liberal, hu
manitarian, and mild. If humanity is
to be "staggered" by unlawful act, the
result will be the very opposite of what
thev had desired.
JOHN BURKE,
Treasurer of the United States.
. sKf- ASS.'
Court Gossip of Interesting
Events on Two Continents
'Hie Key.
"They say life should be
sweet sons."
i.,i u .1. . e ii- .1 "What is your's pitched in?"
Iated by the prospect of selling m the "A flat"
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
MTEltAHY PAVOU1TKS.
Would I again such Joys could know
As when I first read "Ivanhoe."
Baltimore Sun.
Those days I'd have back if I could,
Thrilled by the deeds of Robin Hood.
Oakland Inquirer.
Oh. could my soul find such delights
As when I read "Arabian Nights."
Brooklyn Eagle.
And all us kids in boyhood's morn
Just fairly ate up "Dora Thome."
MiiidiiiKr iho KI1.
Father ages rapidly on mother's day
out
jot BnmpUonft.
"You can drive your own automobile,
can't ydu?"
""Well. I do it. But I'm not altogether
prepared to claim that I can."
A Kind Hen.
"Did you sec that kind hen?"
"What did- she do?"
"Went and laid an egg in that blind
man's hat"
Called In Conference.
In mdless interviews.
Our boss and office boys now meet
The boss, It seems, takes al lthc teams
And asks the latest news.
HI FeKlmltlc ViexiK.
"Why don't you try to be more popu
lar?" "Aw. what does a popular man get
out of life, except a bigger crowd at his
fnueral?"
Not it few rulers of the world are pros
perous business men. The most con
spicuous example is the German Kaiser,
who includes nmoug his "principal inter
ests a tile factory." The general conduct
of It is based upon rules and regulations
laid down by the Emperor himielf. In
deed, it is .aid that the sovereign Is not
above' engaging employes-himself, adjust
ing, their wages, and even designing cer
taiif of thewarcs turned out4 The ICal
fcer Jsa model employer, anxious as to
the comfort of his men at Cadinen who
have been provided with cottages and
jjepsions and glyen a. share in the pro
fits, which are, reported to approximate
$50,000 a year.
It is a matter of common 'knowledge
that the Prince of Lippc-Detmold is a
dealer In butter and eggs on a large
scale, while as a side line he has a busy
brick factory that adds materially to his
income.
The King of Wurtemburg Is the pro
prietor of two hotels within his domains,
one at his beautiful capital, Stuttgart,
which are reported to be worth some
thing lik& Hi.OOO annually to him. r '
The Emperor of Austria, like the Kai
ser, operates a tilq and a china factory.
The establishment, situated near the
Austrian capital, employs more than
1,000 skilled workmen. But hi? greatest
revenue he derives from liis famous
Hungarian vineyards.
The King of Saxony, too, has business
interests in the world-renowned porcelain
factories at Dresden and Meissen.
Perhaps the most unconventional of
the royal business men Is the King of
Scrvia. who. in addition to several shops
doing a general trade. Is said to pro
mote the sale of a patent medicine and
to run a motor car agency.
Thcie is not a particle of foundation
for the ridiculous statement of two
London papers that Emperor William
cherished a wish that his only daughter
should marry Prince Arthur of Con
naught. The Emperor never would have
contemplated the possibility of his child
becoming the wife of a junior member
of any Imperial or Royal family.
Emperor William's original plan for
his daughter came to nothing. In fact
It was of a chimerical nature altogether.
If the match he first thought of. with
the youthful Prince of Wales, could not
be brought about, it has alwajs leen
his wish to arrange an alliance with the
Brunswick-Luncburg family, but that
was impossible during the life of Prince
Ernest's elder -brother, who died last
year In an automobile accident. His
death" changed the situation, however,
as it madPrince Ernest heir to the
Duchy-of Brfoswick. and, to his father's
Immcnso fortune. Prince George, the
vlder brother, as a confirmed invalid.
He was thrown from his fast speeding
machine in the vicinity of Berlin, while
on his way to Copenhagen, to attend the
the funeral of the King of Denmark,
who suddenly diopped dead in the streets
of Hambuig, while on his way home
from the Riviera.
Lord Ducie as replaced Lord Nelson
as "Katherof the House of Lords."' He
succeeded to the earldom In 1S53, after
he had sat for a year in the House of
Commons as one of the members for
West Gloucestershire in the Libeial in
terest Another peer, Lord Suffleld. also
succeeded to his title In 1S."3. The peer
who has held his title longest Is Lord
Covertry, who succecde'd his grandfather
in 1S43. wlicn he. was live years old.
The Ducle family originated with Sir
Robert Ducle. Sheriff of London in lffJO,
who nine years later was made a Bar
onet, and in 1KJ1, was Lord Mayor of
London. He was King Charles, the
First's banker, losing XSO.OOO through ihs
loyalty to the illfatcd monarch.
His secondj-son. Sir William, was ele
ated to the Irish peerage as Viscount
Downc, and was created a Knight of
the Bath, at the Coronation of Charles
II. "ye merrie monarch." He left one
daughter, who married into the Morcton
family, and the son of this union by
loyal letters patent was made first Lord
Ducie (Mathew, Lord Ducie. and Baron
Moreton). It was not until 1837 that
the third Baron Ducie was created an
earl and hereditary member of the
House of Lords. The present Earl and
"Father of the House of Lords," is the
third bearer of the tile.
Frau Krupp is undoubtedly the richest
woman in Germany, and the wealthiest
PEORIA
By GEORGB FITCH,
Author of At Good Old SlTva-.li."
a grand,
Peoria Is the second city in tho third
State in the Union, which ought by all
rights to give it a population of half a
million. But Peoria, according to the last
census, had 06,050 people, Including Chi
nese, Orientals, and millionaires not
taxed.
Illinois is less infested with great citios
than almost any other State. Outside of
Chicago it has very few troubles. Peoria
is just large enough to crowd a New Yoik
bail park uncomfortably, but It is a real
metropolis in Central Illinois, and, al
though fifteen railroads enter It, not one
of them presumes to run through it.
Peoria Is famous because of the whisky
which comes from It This accounts for
its small size. Most every one seems to
want to be where the whisky goes to, not
where It comes from.
Peoria is located in the heart of Illinois,
on the Illinois River, which contains more
fish and motor boats than any other river
of Its size. The city was founded almost
100 years ago, and Would have grown
faster if it had not been so particular.
Peoria has sent more villains to jail in
the last ten years than any other city of
its size and has less left
Peoria Is engaged In manufacturing the
implements to tilt the soil of Illinois and
buying the grain back. It also sorts out
the freight business of Illinois. Two mill
Ion freight cars pass through Peoria every
year. If the switchmen of Peoria were
to go into politics they could elect the
Mayor.
Peoria has the, only insane asylum In
America where the patients are not under
restraints. It has the finest old folks'
home in the country, the finest playground
in Illinois; the finest parks in the State.
and Is so well .equipped with hotels, clubs,
skyscrapers, schools, and government
buildings that there is nothing left for It 1
to build but a community mausoleum and
an intcrurban union depot
Peoria was firbt visited by La Salle in
16S0. He was so sorry to leave it that he
built a fort called Creve Coeur broken!
heart. Peoria never had many people,
but she managed out what she had to
produce Bob Ingersoil. Robert Burdette.
its
-BSL fK'HI'in U m.jt Mn
FJT noano 000 ifjjo"
0 a 55 noao on na dJ ft8
00 'y- 0' inn' p mfr I o
6 ' lotfTintmy In " B a
"Contain mote f and motor boata than any other
rirer of it size."
Emma Abbott and Jessie Bartlett Davis
Hundreds of famous people visit Peoria
every year in order to stand on the coun
try club porch and look off into the Illi
nois Vallejr below, and Col. Fred Smith
entertains them all with his blue auto
mobile.
Peoria claims "to furnish more living
facilities per dollar and per twenty-four
hours than any other American city. It
has no citizens too rich to be affable, and
none too poor to run for Alderman.
(Copjrisiit 1913. by Gwnrc iUOum dtau.)
of French taxpayers also Is a woman.
Mmc. tabaudy, the mother of "Jacques,
Empeior of Sahara." is believed to be
worth at least $jO,000,000. She holds her
wealth in horror, and lives under an as
sumed name, in order to avoid publicity.
Her residence, all the year around. Is
a small flat in Versailles, where the do
mestic stan consists of one servant, who
is assisted in the work by her mistress.
Mme. Lcbaudy gives away nearly the
whole of her Income, most of her dona
tions being bestowed anonymously. It
is an open secret, however, that for
many years past she has made up the
annual dent-It of the leading French
Royalist paper, which usually amounts
to "about JSO.O00. There are at least two
American women with very large for
tunes. Mrs. Russell Sage administers an
estate worth about MSieGO.OCO, arid Mrs.
E. A JIarrlman controls but little less.
Frau Krupp, who upon her marriage to
Herr von Bohlen was permitted by im
perial decree also to retain her maiden
name, is .the only daughter and heiress
of the world-famous ironmaster, Krupp.
who for decades has furnishejl most of
the nations with cannon of bored steel,
and who told his sovereign, the King of
Prussia, who insisted bestowing upon
him a title, -that "Krupp or Essex" (the
.town in which his mammoth works are
located) was "plenty good enough" for
him.
A ruler who journeyed to the scejic Of
his inauguration in disguise was the
King of Roumanla. Prince Charles of
Hohenznllcrn traveled to Bucharest In
ISC'" in defiance of the powers, when' war
between Prussia and Austria w-as immi
nent In Switzerland he had a passport
made out in the name of "Karl Hettln
gen," on his way to Odessa on business,
with a special note recording that Herr
Hettlngon wore spectacles. At the Aus
trian frontier a customs officer demanded
his name, and the prince had forgotten
it. 'Happily, Councillor von Werner, who
accompanied him, had the presence of
mind to create a diversion by insisting
upon paying duty for some cigars, and,
meanwhile, the prince consulted his pass
port. Thus he proceeded safely on his
railway journey in a second-class coach.
During their 300 years' rule of Russia
the Romanoffs neer hae been assigned
a ?lil list. The Czars always have
been allowed to take what they liked
from the Imperial tieasury. It Is Staid
that during tho year before his assassi
nation Alexander II drew $25,000,000 from
this source to make proxislon for his
morganatic wife. Princess Dolgorouki,
and hot children. At present the civil
list for the whole of the imperial fam
ily amounts to $$.000,000 a year, but this
figure, having been fixed by the Czar
himself, could be increased if he so de
sired 'without any formalities. Ho has,
moreover, vast private resources, his Si
berian properties alone netting him an
annual revenue of $7,000,000. Besides, he
has vast estates, forests, preserves, and
mines in almost every section of his
great empire. But the grand dukes of
the Imperial blood have to be provided
for by the state in separate "apanages,"
sums that run way up Into the millions
of roubles.
Some ill-informed papers state that the
King of England by conferring the style
and precedence of the widow of a K. C.
B. (Knight Commander Bath) on Lady
Scott, has created a new precedent. This
Is not so. At the close of the
Crimean war the widow? of a
number of officers were given
the same style, title, place, and prece
dence, to which they would have been
entitled had their husbands (who lost
their Uvea in tho public service during
the war) survived and been invested with
the insignia of Knights Commanders of
the Most Honorable Order of the Bath,
for which honor they, among "others,
would have been recommended, had they
survived.
As tho admiralty order stated, Capt
hcott was held to have died in action
and had he survived would certainly
have at least been made a K. C. B.
11 FLANEUR.
(Copjrleht, 1913, by Court Gossip Syndicate.)
COL THEODORE ROOSEVELT TELLS
THE INTIMATE STORY OF HIS LIFE
V-
Former Soldier, President, and Party-maker Writes "Chap
ters of a Possible Autobiography'' A Personal
Account of Himself.
Tklrteeath Iaatallmeat.
(Copyright. 1913. All rights reserved. Including- rights of translation.)
I had at the time no idea of going Into
public 'Ife, -and I never studied elocution
or practiced debating. This was a loss
to mo In ono way. In another way it
was not. Personally I have not the
slightest sympathy with debating con
tests In which each Bide Is arbitrarily
assigned a given proposition and told, to
maintain it without the least reference
to whether those maintaining it believe
in It or not I know that under our sys
tem this Is necessary for lawyers, bjit I
emphatically disbelieve In It as regards
general discussion of political, social,
and industrial matters. What we need
Is to turn out of our colleges young; men
with ardent convictions on the side of
tho right; not young men who can make
a ped argument for either right or
wrong as their interest bids them.
The present method of carrying on de
bates on such subjects as "Our Colonial
Policy," or "The Need of a Navy," or
"The Proper Position of the Courts In
Constitutional Questions," encourages
precisely the wrong attitude among
those who take part In them. There is
no effort to instill sincerity and inten
sity of conviction. On the contrary, the
net result is to make the contestants
feel that their convictions have nothing
to do with their arguments. I am
sorry I did not study elocution In col
lege: but I am exceedingly glad that I
did not take part in the type of debate
In which stress Is laid, not upon getting
money to enable me to take up such' a
career and do nonremunerative work of
value If I intended to do tho very best
work there was in me; but that I must
not dream of taking It up as a dilet
tante. He also gave me a piece of ad
vice that I have always remembered,
namely, that," if I was not going to earn
money, I must even things up by not
spending it As he expressed it. I had
to keep the fraction constant and If I
was not able to increase tho numerator,
then I must reduce the denominator. In
other words. If I went into a scientific
career. I mast definitely abandon all
thought of the enjoyment that could ac
company a money-making career, and
must find my pleasures elsewhere.
After this conversation I fully Intended
to make science my life-work. I did
nor, for the simple reason that at that
time Harvard, and I suppose our other
colleges, utterly Ignored the possibilities
of the faunal naturalist the outdoor
naturalist and observer of nature. They
treated biology as purely a science of
the laboratory and the microscope, a
science whose adherents were to spend
their time in the study of minute forms
of marine life, or else in section-cutting
and the study of tissues of the higher
organisms under the microscope. This
attitude was, no doubt. In part due to
the fact that "in most colleges then
there was a not always Intelligent copy
ing of what was done In the great Ger
man universities. The sound revolt
a speaker to think rightly, but on get-j against superficiality of study had been
ting mm to taiK guoiy on me siae to carried to an extreme; thoroughness
wnicn he is assigned, witnout regaru
either td what his convictions are or to
what they ought to be.
I was a reasonably good student in
college, standing just within the first
tenth of my class. If I remember right
ly: although I am not sure whether this
means the tenth of the whole number
that entered or of thosc that graduated,
r was given a -Phi Beta Kappa "key."
My chief interests were scientific. When
I entered college, I was devoted to out-of-doors
natural history, and my ambi
tion was to be a scientific man of the
Audubon, or Wilson, or Baird. or Coues
type a man like Hart Merriam, or
Frank Chapman, or Hornaday. today.
My father had from the earliest days
Instilled into me the knowledge that I
was to work and to make my own way
in the world, and I had always supposed
that this meant that I must enter busi
ness. But in my freshman year (he died
when I was a sophomore) he told mc
that If I wished to become a scientific
man I could do so. He explained that
I must be sure ithat I -really intensely
desired to do scientific work, because
if r went Into It I must make It a seri
ous career; that he had made enough' gard to discouragements.
in minutiae as the only end of study
had been erected into a fetish.
There was a total failure to under
stand the great varUty of kinds of
work that could be done by naturalists,
including what could be done by out
door naturalists the kind of work which
Hart Merriam and his assistants in the
Biological Survey have carried to such
a high degree of perfection as regards
North American mammals. In the en
tirely proper desire to be thorough and
to avoid slipshod methods, thp tendencv
was to treat as not serious, as un
scientific, any kind of work that was
not carried on with laborious minute
ness in the laboratory. My taste was
specialized in a totally different direc
tion, and I had no more desire or ability
to be a microseoplst and section-cutter
than to be a mathematician. Accord
ingly I abandoned all thought of be
coming a scientist. Doubtless this meant
that I really did not have the intense
devotion to science which I thought I
had: for. If I had possessed such de
votion, I would have carved out a
career for myself somehow without re-
y&zt- r-wnSQiS
STATESMEN REAL AND NEAR
Bv FRED C. KELLY
ONEtOF US.
Wilson Is a first-class sort
And a proper man.
Goes in for the good old sport; ,
He's a fan, '
For four years he's ruler of
All our goodly clan.
And he!s worthy of our love;
He's .a fan. '
Maybe you're jio Democrat
But you'll lift the ban
When you know for certain that
He's a fan.
IT. H. TonUce fa walking from Saa Fraachco to
Bangor. Me., about 3,966 alias.
Maurice Connolly, of Dubuque, Js the
m'ot highly and variously cducatetl per
son in the new House of Congress. And
he represents an agricultural district In
the Iowa corn belt.
The man was trained by Georgetown
University, Cornell, the New York Law
School. Oxford, and Heidelberg. In the
order given. He knows practically all the
polite arts, and has had a glimpse at
nearly everything one can learn In the
schools and colleges from Chaucer to vet
erinary surgery.
Connolly also Is the greatest human ex
emplification of, anti-climax. From early
boyhood he has prepared painstakingly
for the diplomatic service.
Just Imagine setting your head and
heart on a high place in the Diplomatic
Corps, a position of honor, income, ease.
suede gloves, wood violet, white spats,
and things, and then ending up at Wash
ington in a check suit, felt hat string
tie, and holeproof socks to represent the
"monkey wrench" district in the corn
belt-of Iowa! Jt is almost like having
set one's boyish ambition on being a
railroad engineer and then being forced
into a bank in young manhood.
Besides having to do a term in Con
gress, Connolly is president of the Du-
buequc Country and Golf Club, and he is
a bachelor. All those things, nowever,
cause him little distress. The thing that
annoys Connolly the most Is the way
people pronounce his first name. Many
insist on making it Maw-russ, as in the
works of Montague Glass, and others
have it Maw-rcccc. as with Maeterlinck.
In reality, It Is just plain Maurice, as in
Morris chair. A good way to get along
amicably with Connolly is to avoid any
nomenclatural variations.
The phnse that will make Connolly
most noticed here, though. Is a gitt of
oratory that approaches genius. Those
who go in for metaphor of the Edmund
Burke school are destined to gasp when
Maurice Connolly gets up In the House,
rests his chin on his chest, thrusts his
right hand into, his heaving bosom, ad-
Justs his legs, and begins to show sam
ples.
Connolly shines, too, as an atter-dln-ner
wit. He is mostly Irish, though the
Maurice In his name serves to create
confusion, it Is like asking a stranger
to guess the nationality ot persons with
names like Otto uyan, Patrick Cohen,
Ivan Perkins, or Ole O'Shay.
Senator Vardaman of Mississippi was
riding along peaceably on the train when
a Clanger came In and sat down beside
him. The stranger was one of those
talkative ones and he began to talk about
things "out where he came from," until
Vardaman, out of politeness, felt obliged
to ask him where he lived. He was from
Oklahoma. That led to him asking Varda
man where he was from. Then the talk
took In Gov. Haskell of Oklahoma, who
was figuring in the papers Just then.
"What sort of a man Is Haskell?" asked
Vardaman.
"Well." replied the Oklnnoman, 'I den't
know that he's any worse than that fel
low down In your State Vardarnnn."
A moment later another passenger came
down the aisle and called Vardaman by
name.
'Then Vardaman's seatmato gave him a
frightened look and walked Into another
car."
man looks forward to Cabinet meetings
for a chance to rest.
Representative Stephens, of Los An
geles, Cat, was manager of a wholesale
grocery there about twenty-nve years
ago. The telephone number was Main
56 or something like -that and Stephens",
of course, had occasion to call the num
ber frequently. But that was a quarter of
a century ago. The other day he picked
up the receiver of a phone in the Capi
tol to call his hotel, and found nlmseir
calling Main 56. For some unaccountable
psychological reason, the number or that
wholesale grocery had popped back into
his head and asserted itself after all the
mounting years.
Senator Moso Clapp no sooner gets on
a railway train than he sets about en
gaging the porter or the conductor In
conversation. He finds that the average
conductor has a point of view that is
likery to reflect that of the common
people. And Clapp figures that a man In
public life cannot afford to overlook an
opportunity to find out what the people
arc thinking about For that reason you
never see Moso Clapp buying much
reading matter -from the train boy. He
can read any old time, but when he gets
on a train he desires to engage in conversation.
(Copyricht, 1913, by Fred C. Kelly.
Respired.)
All Ri'etita
THE OPEN FORUM
Senntor Hoke Smith of Georgia had not
lolrAn n tinlftlnv In ;i ereRt mnnv venra
runtil a short time ago. Then he biolce
ever and set out to have a day free from
the cares of statecraft and enjoy himself.
Accompanied by his wife, he went down
to Fredericksburg to see the place where
a relative was killed In battle.
Postmaster General Burleson sits and
says scarcely a word In Cabinet meet
ings. He ,says It isvthe only chance he
has to ,rest his voice. Since he entered
the Cabinet he has been seeing more
than 200 callers a day, and he figures
that his talk to them win average not
less than 00 words each. If this is true,
he has talked 40,000 words a day, or an
equivalent to reading aloud some forty
columns in a newspaper. No wonder the
Mexican Government Reeofraltlnn.
To the Editor: Your paper, I know.
always sticks up for fair play. That's
why I ask you to publish this letter.
It's not intended as a boost or knock
for anybody In particular. Its just a
plain statement of conditions that I know
exist and It should prove interesting to
your other readers, if for no other rea
son that its revelation of how the wheels
go around.
We all agree that President Wilson is
free of entangling alliances with big
money Interests. That goes without
saying. But does he realize that he is
playing right into their hands by his
attitude in the Mexican situation? He
has let It be known that his- policy is
to delay recognition of the existing pro
visional government until complete peace
has been established and the regular
Presidential election has been held In
our sister republic.
In the first place, tho election can
not be held until the guerrilla warfare
in the northern States is ended. The
Huerta regime has .found the treasury
looted by the Madero government. There
is little or no money on hand with
which to take the forceful measures nec
essary to put down this long-distance
opposition. First, the country's finances
must be rehabilitated. The Money Trust
of Wall Street Is perfectly willing to lend
the necessary millions, and more, but
on usurious terms that amount to polite
blackmail. It Is using President WHscn's
attitude as a club over Huerta's head
to force these terms.
Mexico Is so rich in natural resources
and future possibilities that there is no
reason why its -government should not
raise the money needed, except the de
sire of the Money Trust to get an un
just rake-off from an unfortunate coun
try. If Uncle Sam would recognize the
Huerta government there would be no
difficulty in raising a considerable loan
that Would insure quick peace and pros
perity and an early election. But big
money says: "No: not until you accept
our terms.'1 And Mr. -Wilson is unwit
tingly playing big mqney's game.
I wonder whether he is shrewd enough
and "practical man" enough to see
where he stands, op, rather, where he
has been put Let's hope he will. If
only for the sake of a square deal.
O. It. THU1IAS.
Children in tba jwblic achoola of Staianjar, Nor
way, arc treated with Uu aid of America daatal
1
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