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" . . ,,''" -THE ' WASHINGTON HERALD, .SUNDAY, KfAY 11, lW ; ' , I ' " , .
f " ' l ' T t" It' Among Men Who Work 'with H&nd or Brain IHAJ s t . . I v. Wade Straight Through Problems to Make the Most of Yourself. By C: S. MADDOCKS. i Fsa man Is in prison be leads a simple life. If he tries to escape he 1b likely to lead a complex one. He has to avoid detection, he has to get food) to eat. and most likely a shelter. The prison pallor or the prison gait or the prison garb all witness against him, and no" matter in which direction he funis he has fears to overcome and dangers to face. In almost any narrow way of living a man's life may be exceedingly .simple, but If he wishes to escape from this narrowness, un less clrcumstaribes are much ii) his favor, he has to blaze a pathway through all sorts of hindrances, and often very much uphill be fore he can get to the place of wider 'influence or outlook. It takes courage: it takes great perseverance; it takes an unconquerable hope to do this. The prisoner, wanting food and rest, hard beset, and then cornered, confesses himself glad to be taken back and to be shut up again. This is largely because he has the character that brought him to the prison in the first place. He Is not the sort of a man one would choose to lead a weaker person, even through a friendly crowd, and1 the way in life that is stralghtest and broadest leads through not only a crowd of people but often a mountain of physical hindrances, the one as stony ana unmovable as the other. Made Up of Few Elements. The complexities of life are, after all. made up of a few elements, although any one of these may have power enough to keep a man spinning without advancing, like those queer little mice which -whirl around endlessly in a spot no larger than that which their body covers. There Is the complexity of which" money is the cause; the complexity of which family Is the cause; the complexity of work ing with people perhaps many of them. There are other complexities introduced by laws, natural and man made, but at bottom these three elements money, family, society are what make a man's path devious in stead of straight, make it difficult to follow a straight and broad path to a definite goal, rather than one of many turnings. Money complexities are often the chief of rerplexitles The want of money is tver making life complex, while no one can have a more complex life than the man who has a great deal of it. "Where money would make the path easy and simple, the want of it makes it most rocky and devious. It is the multiplying' of responsibilities that makes life highly complex, whether these responsibilities are private or public. It Is because so many men fear to face these, prefer to live in what bears some analogy to a prison life, that the path that may have been started broad dwindles to a squirrel track. Hampering a Boy's Development. There is no gainsaying the fact that many a youth Is made craven In his bojhood home. Just as many a man becomes craven in the home he establishes as a part of his man hood responsibility. It Is pitiful to watch many a boy who is hampered in his home Each Man Has Something to Say; Ail Tell How to ''Run Things." By T. S. wr:, 1 v: HERE is no more criticism in this office." said the manager of an ad vertising company recently. " I've turned all of the criticism, except a small per cent that always exists among the office grouches,' Into office effi ciency and better business methods. ' Like all large offices, there was alwas a great deal of criticism going on. Some of it was just But the majority was unjust and was, started by the men who exist In every big business organization and who are al ways 'agin the government-' The criticism sometimes reached my ears and I didn't like It. " One day a plan came to me. It wasn't original, for It had already been adopted In some measure by a number of business houses. I sent a memorandum through the office to the effect that every letter of crlti cl. i or advice would be gratefully received. Ths memorandum added that all letters of advice must be signed, but that, no matter what they contained, the contents would bo regarded as confidential and would not be used against the writer, no matter how severe th criticism proved. A small sum would be given for every piece of criticism that could be of practical use and larger sums would be paid for really good ideas on new business methods. " That memo caused some talk, but it did the work right from the start. If a man started to criticise some one would say, "Why not send it in to the boss?' That would be answer enongh. If the criticism Moved Offices from Noisy Zone; Result Greater Efficiency. By C. R. COOPER. li"T' rO be a successful general manager one must be a good deal of a doctor in many ways," the active head of large office force said recently. " A' man must be able to diagnose and say w hat the matter is with every one under his jurisdiction. It was because I was able to do Just that thing that a nice iittle raise found its way into my pay en velope a few months ago. " Tou see, X had had charge of the office but a short time. "We were employing a great many girls and" men with little results Our salary list was running high and the outpu wms running low. There seemed no way to maintain order. The fear of dis charge did not do it. The force was excit able, talky, lazy In a great many ways. I tried my best to figure out the reason, but it was not until one day when I felt the same way as the rest of the force that I understood the trouble. " Our 'offices at' that time were near a cob by & father too neglectful, a mother too solicitous, sisters4oo nagging, trying to work out his own galvatlon in a situation that is too complex for his undeveloped powers df reasoning. There are innumerable parents who make boy's or girl's life a perfect haze of com plexity, in one way or another. If to this haze is added a school situation that seerns intolerable a teacher who scolds or Is 6tupid and unreasonable -then is the child's cup futl, and as early as possible he begins divorcing himself from a part of his unbear able life He can leave schooU.lhinkinghe cannot endure what he suffers there, but ha might not do so if he could understand better Just what was wanted of him at home. He may be discontented because he has been " spoiled," and when the first moment comes that he can revolt in any way he does it by leaving his school. By this first Independent action he may put an angle into his path in life that he would afterward give the world to have straightened out. Tasks Will Depend on the Man. When the home is full of simple direct con ditions, then is the mind of a man calm and clear to face the multiplex conditions of business life. As we may not know tho inner workings of a man's mind, so we may not know of the deep satisfactions of home which have made men veritable steam rollers in the business world. But, strangely enough, we do often know about the raw and sore and fretful hearted men who may fight their w ay In a sort of vengeful fury, but more often use but listlessly, carelessly, recklessly w hat might be splendid powers. In doing hla work in the world a man's tasks are likely to multiply and become yearly more complex, according as he Is am bitious or unambitious. The" common task may furnish all we ought to ask, but it will not furnish all an -ambitious man will ask, anj more than ho will ask to handle a shovel, that ho may earn his dally bread, when am bition has carried him up to the place where he handles millions. The shovel is a simple Instrument, and so is the man who can earn his living In no other way but with it his life can be none but of the: simplest, although his heart may possibly be developed to a high, complexity. Our lives may become complex through either confusion or through development. If there Ib confusion we are either not exert ing ourselves sufficiently or we are too feeble to make our way in the stream we have chosen to swim in. If our lives are complex through development we may sometimes feel that we have unfortunately placed ourselves where a great deal, perhaps too much, is ex pected of us, but we are likely to have the supreme .gratification of the praise of men, than which there are only a few things sweeter. But. best of all, wo have a gratifica tion of a sort that the Inefficient, the half hearted, the unambitious can never know a gratification that is Independent of men or things or place, expansive, and supremely sweet. WINSLOW. were a just one I'd usually get a note about It in a few days. If it were unjust the criticism would cease " I put a box, of which I kept the-key. on a convenient place on the walL There was A slit in it for communications. I had no set time for opening It, but always opened it as often as once each week. " Some of the notes I received were non- .se, of course, and were of no practical va ue. Others, however, were full of bright business Ideas, many of which were paid for and ndopted. One quiet young man who had been doing good wori, but who had never at tracted my attention handed In such excel lent suggestions that I called him to me for a personal talk, found that he'was studying at night, and raised his salary. He has more than doubled his salary In the last two j ears, since the adoption of the plan. " Many of the criticisms showed the limita tions of the writers and worked against thm, of course, but I tried not to be preju dlcd on account of a letter of criticism I received, unless it was sent In an unfair spirit. Usually the criticisms were sent in the right spirit and proved helpful to me, for I got a better idea of my working force and was able to cooperate more fully with them in their work. " I wouldn't get rid of my criticism box now. It has done away with all office talk cciccrning ' what I'd do if I ran things ' or ' 1 wish I had something to say.' Each man has something to say about things and he knows if his criticisms are just they will be given attention. ble stoned alley, where teams wero driven 'every day. where drivers shouted, and talked, and cursed, and where a switch engine made a noise like well, like only a switch engine can. On the other side was an open space where all the noise of the packing depart ment, tho sound of thumping hammers and screeching nails, could sift through. It all came to me like a flash. Noise begets noise, quiet begets quiet. Where noise is an ac companiment ofjworfc, such as that of team sters, or packers, or switch engines, it prob ably is a good thing. But when it enters an office it is bad. " I took the idea up with the owner. The result was a serlesof alterations that placed the office in a quiet, 'secluded part of the building. Another result was that within a month the force, already cut down, was do ing a fourth-more work than all of them put together had accomplished before. And stiU another result was, as I have mentioned," he added) with a smile, " that nice little raise which dropped into my par envelope." Whisky Often Is Not Whisky; American Steward Buys Labels. By JACQUES STRAUB. ' ' (Winej Steward of the Blackstone Hotel. Chicago.) CHIEF CHEMIST WILEY has declared that 85 per cent of the so-called whisky on the American market Is not whisky and that the American people are drinking labels. t me paraphrase Dr. "Wiley's statement by declaring that I believe S3 per cent of the so-called whisky sold to stewards Is not whisky, and that the American steward is buying labels. This may seem an amazing statement, but I venture to aver that the personal amaze nent of many would be still greater at actual results If they subjected their stock of whis Kles to the expert, or became cognizant of the origin and history of many a " famous brand " for which they have been paying a fancy price. Now. I want to. give the reason for this condition and suggest tho remedy. The well spring in which this flood tide of adulteration has its soury is section 3 244 of the federal statutes, where you will find Imbedded the remarkable words, that any one who makes a " spurious " or " Imitation " whisky, bran dy, rum. or gin is to be; known as a " rec tifier," and can thus proceed to " rectify " by the paj ment of a small He use tax. These " rectifiers;" known also In the trade as "compounders" or "blenders," are now turning Into commerce over 100.000,000 gal lons of adulterated whisky each year, for the fiscal reports of the internal revenue bureau show that over 100.000,000 gallons of distilled spirits have been " rectified " per annum since 1003. Mammoth Game Against Public. The census of 1900 declared that most of the distilled! spirits consumed by the Amer ican people passed, through tKe hands of these " rectifiers " and consisted mainly of neutrnl spirits and drugs sold under -the name of whisky. Nor do the fioodg&tesforthis bogus whiBky open into the brothel, the den, and the cheap saloon. It is a mammoth game that the " blenders," or " rectifiers," are playing against the public. The exclusive clubs, the fine hotels, the household! of the bon vivant and the Invalid, are invaded under disguise. The promoters of these bogus whiskies have made their brands familiar names to you and to me, "With their boundless margin of profit they spend liberal fortunes in flambeaux that illumine the night Colossal electric signs emblazon their brands In the public thoroughfare. They send us the cleverest salesmen. Their evi dence of enterprise appeals to the Imagina tion. An air of opulence and prosperity cov ers up the putridness of the fraud and disarms suspicion in high places. Prior to the revenue raising period of the civil war, before the urgent need of federal finance conferred upon the rectifier the anom alous prerogative to counterfeit whisky, all brands of whisky came from an actual whis ky distillery. Goods were sold according to their true age and maturity. This genuine whisky has always had a distinctive charac ter both when It leaves the still, new and white in color, and again after it has aged in a charred oak barrel and acquired an Indica tive color varying from a light straw shade In the early states of maturation until, later along, it deepens to a reddish brown. Now this color became an index of age,' Pretends to Have Distillery. If you go to a real distillery you are im pressed by the character and color of this bona fide whisky as it rests in its pure state behind the locks and bars of a government bonded warehouse. The making of this real whisky Intended to go on the market on its own merit is expensive to begin with; but to this cost must be added those which accrue as the years go by in which th whisky is acquiring age. Evaporation, leakage, insurance and ware house attendance make the profits of the dls- m- r. .!. . ., .,, i tiller of this genuine article still more can- stricted, and thus when it is ready for the consumer it is a commodity rendered rigid In price by the costs which cannot be evaded. Now, that's just the point that struck the " rectifier." "With one finger on section 3,244 of the federal statutes, which licensed him to "imitate " this whisky, he began to figure he could save all these costs by the trick of making "whisky" without any dlstiliery at all and making It ten years old-" while you wait." Butabove all and here's a point of particular Interest he decided to pretend that he did have a distillery and that the imitation whls,ky was the real article or a mixture of two real whiskies and that It, too, was rendered rigid In cost and therefore rigid In price, and he actually charged, and today often charges, more for his bogus whis ky than the real distiller charges for the genuine. . The wide margin of profit in this golden game of imitation, therefore, goes to the " rectifier " himself, and had not congress passed the bottling in bond law In 1807 genu ine whisky proper would have been practlcal lyextermlnated as a plain economic propo sition. There are close to 250,000,000 gallons of genuine whisky maturing in- the govern ment bonded warehouses on the premises of a round thousand of real bona fide distilleries scattered abott the United States. , High Quality Grain Needed. ,This real whisky, of course, ranges largely from the ordinary brands to the ultra high grado article. Even in genuine whiskies the psrfect types will always remain distinct from those carelessly made whiskies whose aim is quantity and whose objective is mere chaffering for cheapness. Tho growth of the finer bourbons of "Kentucky reDresents fong years of arduous toll and scientific research. In his brochuro entitled " The Rule of the Regions," Col. E. H. Taylor Jr. of-Franklbrt. Ky. the veteran bourbon distiller, declares that one cannot exaggerate the vital impor tance of a proper water in the manufacture of the finest grades of w hisk . All authentic geological data show that the whiskies having the greatest reputation In "the world, wherever introduced, have been those produced from water percolating through the strata of the bird's eye limestone. The properties concealed In it were stolen in Its resting and passage through the miner alized strata In valleyu near streams and crystal springs gushing from such crevices and rents, distilleries have been planted whose product today stands at the head. No fine whisky cane distilled without the use of sound grain of the highest quality. This grain, after being carefully selected, must not be scalded too high and preferab not above the boiling point of water, 212 Fahrenheit. The fermentation period should be nlnety-ix hours, or what is known as the sourmash plan, which is characterized by the use of strained spent beer of a previous distillation combined with the new " mash." The fermenting process should take place in large open tubs of cypress wood These large tubs, succeeding the old time "small tub," afford the distiller greater accuracy in tem perature, gravities, and attenuations. Must Have Clean, Dry Storage. After proper fermentation tie " distiller's beer " is distilled in a clean chambered cop per still and run to "singlings." the first of the dual steps so necessary In the distillation of high grade whisky. The " singlings " are then distilled In a copper pot still and from this second distilla tion we have tho final whisky. This should be run from the pot still to close to 100 proof. The proportion of grain corn, malted bar ley, or rye used in any particular brand is the distiller's secret, as are the other individual steps in the process, but this Is a general out line, to which I might add the sine qua non of cleanliness throughout tho entire distillery. Including every utensil used in the production of the whisky. Then comes the vital matter of maturation. To age properly, whisky must have clean dry storage In the ricks of ware houses which are well ventilated. All such devices as artificial heat colls are a grievous mistake and only serve to give the whisky an astringent woody taste. The correct ma turing it whisky is nature's province, and the hig'i class distiller alwavs sees that his whlskv gets the right sort of storage. r-uring Cleveland's administration the question was often asked in congress, " How is It possible to get these fine whiskies?" " If we could only go to these r-.jV.distlIleries and take tho goods right from the barrel there under the ey of the government custo dian, we would know we were getting the real, pure article, but how can we get if in the open market?" In answer, congress passed the bottling In bond law. Bottling in Bond Law. Under this law, provision is made for whis ky to be put in bottles while the goods are still in bond at the distillery. The transfer to glass Is made under the supervision of a government officer, who sees that the pure whisky is not tampered with and this officer then sees that each bottle containing the pure whisky 1b sealed with a green govern ment stamp. This stamp must tell when the whisky was made and when bottled; it tells the revenue number of Jhe distillery at which It was distilled and the name of the distiller. It tells that the whisky Is 100 proof and the quantity in the bottle, and that it is bottled In bond in the government bonded warehouse under United States governm($it supervision f This bottling in bond enables any steward to get bottled whisky pure and unadulter ated with as much certainty as if he visited v"e ,1. ,1 ." L T ? ' ' " goods himself from the original two stamp " , the distillery premises in person and drew the f tii:nti&. This law has been a blow to the "recti fier," who cannot get the government stamp over the cortcs of his concoctions. This bot- tling in bond stamp is the line of cleavage be tween genuine and .the bogus whiskies in glass , Trick Is Done Over Night. Now, a word as to how the "rectifier" works in making his spurious whiskies. There is a distilled spirit known to the trade as silent or neutral spirit, because it is silent as to its origin and neutral to ail others. It Is neither whisky, brandy, rum, nor gin, but a colorless, odorless, tasteless product, which can be Instantaneously transformed "by the "blender" or "rectifier" Into a fictitious whisky, brandy, rum. or gin by the addition of artificial essence and flavors, while by the use of caramel the bogus article can be made to look as- though it had lain in charred bar rel and aged for years. The trick is done.over night in tremendous volume and mammoth business houses flour ish in the so called whisky market founda tioned upon this stupendous fraud. Many 'a steward has bought a barrel of whisky and believed ho was paying good money for a counterfeit, yet I venture to say that every time one purchases a barreJ of what is known as " single stamp "whisky be is getting just, such stuff. There may be a little real whisky in the mixture to add to the deception. Tou can rest' assured that ths quantity' Is small Indeed, yet It la bought as all whisky. Every time a bottle of whisky Is purchased without the green government stamp over the cork, it Js practically cer tain , that one Is getting: on of these spurious mlxtxirea System of Awards a Good Way of Securing Labor Efficiency. By IRWIN ELLIS. LABOR efficiency was' -the keynote of the address delivered by Charles S. Churchill of Roanoke, Va., president of the American Railway Engineering association, which held its convention recently in Chicago. Mr. Churchill spoke Tuesday in the Flor entine room of the Congress hotel. He em phasized the results discovered In investi gations of rail manufactuie and the build ing of railroad roadbeds and advocated en-. couragement for" the workers, a system of prizes where practicable, t ' " One of the best ways for securing effi cient results from labor is freely to recog nize any improvement that its Intelilgent use produces'," said the president. "An em ployer that always points out the fault only, without commending the gain, soon discour ages even the most skilled of artisans. Hu manity in general nefds incentive and en couragement in addition to wages. " I think you and I can recall instances from school or college days when a simple word of incentive or commendation formed a turning point In our lives on some scien tific subject. Which Is better for a teacher to say, 'John, you are behind badly, you failed in two problems'; or 'John, you solved eighteen outof twenty of the prob lems given; you can succeed with the others also '? " Those of us who have handled tunnel work under old as well as new methods of machinery and labor know how under the old method the darky drill force was kept together and made to turn out 60 per cent more work than any other kind of labor through the Incentive eeng of their leader. ' Works Well on Track Maintenance. " "We in America have made great strides in methodsof getting work done, but we can not afford to overlook the song of the leader of te boat crew on the Mediterranean who keeps the men at vigorous stroke by his fre quent exclamation ' Gtory to Allah! These are both examples of good ' team work.' " Some railroads adopt a prize system in one or more branches of service. There is no single department that will answer more readily to this system than the labor em ployed upon the-malntenance of track. " Many railroads have used this system for years. The Pennsylvania railroad, for ex ample, has a special committee of mainte nance of way officers to look after the award of premiums for the maintenance of track and roadbed, which award is finally made af'er an annual inspection of the-road by a large number of its operating officers. " The road with which I am connected has used this plan In a modified form for a long period. Its annual Inspection awards upon 2,009 miles of railroad last year cost for prizes less than $1,000. This, however, was not track inspection by officials, but one of road masters and track foremen, taken from one False Worth More than Real; Some Spurious Coins Valuable. By EDWIN TARRISSE. IT seems strange Indeed that a counterfeit coin should bring far more than the value it was originally Intended to represent by its makers. Such was the case a few ears ago when a spurious ' Spanish doubloon of Charles IV. of Spain, dated 1S01, sold for $60. And the purchaser knew that it was a counterfeit. The coin was of excellent workmanship, tnere being really no striking difference be tween it and the genuine aside from the fact that. Instead) of being struck In gold. It was composed of platinum of the purest quality, gilded. The intrinsic value of the Spanish doubloon In gold is about $15 81. The platinum coun terfeit weighed 420 grains, .which, at the then prevailing rate of 05 cents a penny weight for platinum, would give this piece an intrinsic value of ?17.G0. Platinum was a favorite metal with coun terfeiters some years ago, when Its intrinsic value was about $&an ounce. Many spurious $10 and $20 United States gold pieces were turned out, composed chiefly of this metal. The coins of Great Britain have also beeh imitated in the same way. Spanish coins have been much counterfeit ed, perhaps more than the coins of any other country. For some years Spain has been re Took Foreman's "Call" to Boss; Got Superintendent's Desk. By C. R. JERRY MTX.TON was thoroughly angry. He had been called down by the foreman for an action for which he was not re sponsible, and the worst of It was that the resuff had come at a time when he felt he was doing his best work. In fact, that morning he had found a better way to handle the lathe work which the shop made a specialty of and had Just started to tell the foreman of itrwhen the call down came. Jerry stood for a moment, glaring ahead. He never before had submitted to a rebuff like that and he was noc going to do It now. He started for his hat and coat. " I'll leave this place," he said. " That foreman's had a grudge against me ever since I came here." Suddenly, however, he stopped. A strange, reasoning strain had come into his brain. , " I'm not working for that foreman," he Notes from the World of Science. One pint of gasoline will make 200 cubic feet of an, explosive mixture about seven times more powerful" than gunpowder. The oofflflsh from a scientific standpoint will be exhaustively studied by a Norwegian government commission. The' United States has 24T war vessels equipped with wireless. Great Britain 213, France 141, and Germany 112. A German scientist believes he has found, a cure for the-smoks nuisance in cutting a- district to Inspect quite another. Not only have these awards been Just but each indi vidual has learned many of the good points found on the other district. Such an Inspec tion Is a method of indirect but effective in struction. Complex Problem Nearing Solution. "It is certainly clear from what has been stated bn this subject of rails that human care and skill will furnish the measure of future 'beneficial results. In all important successes I have known, the concentration of many minds upon the subject in hand has brought about that happy conclusion. Thls" problem is a complex and dlflicu't one, but its solution is approaching; and fortunate will be that mill or group of mills that first ,prove they are delivering tougher and more uniform rails than are now pro duced. " As stated In the beginning of these re marks, tnere Is a vast amount of labor em ployed directly by the railroads in carrying out the standard specifications and methods that hays been approved by this association "This association should keep up to date In labor saving machinery and devices, and should? discover and compile records of the best practice in handling labor with and without their use. It should also refer to its quality and the economical seasons for ltr employment, as well as to Its best super vision in all branches o railroad construc tion, maintenance, and operation. " We- can make pur permanent way and track in a period of years things of strength, safety, and beauty through uniformity ac quired without cost except In the time of skillful directors and in the abundance- of standard 'plans and constructive forms eco nomically followed Scientific Care Gets Best Results. " Gentlemen, this is part of our work. "We are directors of the economical and efficient expenditure of money. We should hesitate to ask for more tlll'we have shown that we are using that in hand to the best advantage, or until we can prove that we can secure a fair percentage- of earnings from the addi tional amount requested. " The American Railway Engineering as sociation can aid In the development of rkill and labor efficiency just as it has developed and must continue to Improve the standards of materials and specifications." Regarding labor in the steel mills, the pres ident said: '..t:73 It has been found that it Is those mills which have sought for scientific care on the part of their men. and which have discharged others for carelessness, or for misguided loy alty to their employer In their effort to pro duce quantity at the risk of slighting qual ity, that are today producing rails of the more uniform grade." deeming counterfeit 5 peseta pieces. These coins were made by private persons and were equal to the regular government coins in point of fineness and weight, the manu facturers being satisfied with the seignorage or difference between the face value of the coin and its value in bullion silver. So difficult, it Is said, are these IHegal coins to distinguish from the genuine that the government has "authorized their re demption at bullion values. It is said that but little distinction has been made In Spain between 4the regular issues and the counter felts, the two issues being accepted freely everywhere, and it is declared that it is not at all unlikely that-a fair proportion of the Cno.OOOOOO 5 peseta pieces held in reserve by the Bank of Spain Is made up of the counterfeit pieces. Some years ago. when silver had a much higher value than at present and the Mexican dollar was worth intrinsically about 05 cents, a counterfeit Mexican dollar came into the possession of the United States assayers at the Philadelphia mint. They assayed the coin and found it to be worth intrinsically $1 09. It seems that the mine from which the counterfeiters got their metal produced silver that was strong In gold. Thus the forgers lost money by making counterfeits. COOPER. exclaimed abruptly as though arguing with himself. "I'm working for the owners of this place. They took me in when I wasn't worth a nickel to them and lost money on ine until I learned my Job. Jerry, you've got a little too much .sense to let a thing like this throw you out of a Job. Now do what you ought to do." He left the latheroom and walked to the manager's office. Simply, and with apologies f o tho foreman, he told1 his story. Then with the assertion that he did not believe the foreman was in amood to receive suggestions from him right then, he outlined his plan for the improvement of the lathe-room an im provement that would save the firm $5,000 a year. And that is whythe foreman now tips his hat to Jerry Milton, for Jerry has discarded his overalls and sits at the desk marked " superintendent." number of 'windows in a chimney, which admit air 'to mix withtths smoke and dilute it until It issues froin'the topoC the chimney very light in color, ' Turning a spigot upside down and pouring grain alcohol Into It will quickly thaw a frozen water pipe. Starch Hour manufacture from sweet pota toes Js a developing Industry in Natal. Tomato Juice irtll remove Ink stains from linen. v A .1 'dmMki, '"Cj. yi,t- v- j'j &$f&; , 'ⅈ:i?' .