Newspaper Page Text
-wr f o
, - v ,- - .. S-iWW i
jr'$mrvKfTfztszvyg). -f? nnwi & ' "S'e''gr?ry JW8SW-yy't -y "" " -yyq'fttyi iifKjart'"-'9 -
THE WASHINGTON HERALD. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 7. 1913.
NEW BUILDING FOR PATENT OFFICE WILL BE URGED
Congress to Be Asked at Beginning of the December Session
Under Present Conditions Space for the-Storage of Records
Is at a Premium and Clerks Must Work in Congested
Rooms with Little Light or Air.
to Make Provision for Structure that Will Be
Up to Date in Every Way.
W i twwQ$ SW'
HliiSIiiiiiS3 J m.
Re ords of the Inventive (.enlJs of the
1 sUcan people are housed todax,ln a
3 ,Slng old and Inadequate; in tome por-
Jxis damp, dark, and Insanitary, where
tey are co-stantly In danger of de
struction b r- the United States Pat
Congress will be as'ced in December, at
the beginning of Its businefa session, to
eradicate these conditions. According to
the pr ent plans of the Commissioner
of Patents, Thomas Ewlng, and the Sec
retary of the Interior, Franklin K. Lane,
the erection of an entire'y new and mod
ern building, with .. ealeguard
against fire and every pcsible conven
ience for transacting the nation s
vol n inous patent business, will be urged
upon t House Committee on Public
The mere renovation of the pre-ent
Patent Office Building will not suffice,
it is asserted According to experts,
there is no waj in which it can be tire
proofed, nor is there any way in which
the floor space necessary to relieve the
office of the handicap of lack of room
cin e obtained
Wr n a comparison Is drawn between
the crowded, dusty rooms of the big gov
ernment building occuplng the square
between Seventh and Ninth and F and
G Streets with the magnificent buildings
which England Germany, and other na
tions have provided for their patent of
fices, the need for a new building in
Washington becomes an unassailable
And if a matter of national pride falls
to De an argument sufficients strong,
those who are urging the necessity of a new .mce " "l.NorthweA was In
new Patent Office cite the facts that once tecnth an? B T"1 orth""1' wa ln
the Patent Office was entlrel destroyed
by fire, partially burned down a second
time, and many times threatened by mi
nor blazes. They argue that today space
is at such a premium ln that bureau that
government records have to be kept
stacked helter-skelter ln the halls of the
buildings, and that clerks are sometimes
forced to work ln congested rooms where
little light or air ever enters.
Comrrcsn J'nvorably mpo.r1.
That the Democratic Congress Is favor
ably disposed toward giving the Patent
Bureau a new home is evidenced by the
fact that during the closing days of the
session which preceded the present tariff
Bloke Brad receives the following
note from a pal
Big spark. 126 Ohio Saw Gellet. Fix
me if I stav Left at 4 See sou in St.
Louis Chi no place for me with Gel
let there. Spark strai;ht tip. Safe to
night. Supper job tront bedroom Lay
from porch V ell hid Good luck
Brad smells a trap, but he s hard
up and willing to take a chance He
i limbs the porch at VX Ohio and gets
Into n exciting mix-up Gellet. the
detective, is Iving in wait for him, but
Brady works a clever ruse and gets
Draw one' ' bawled Bloke Brady
The sleepy bartender jumped as
though In a nightmare and rushed to
the tap. crying Ves, sir, es, sir;
Brady reached out for the dripping
beer glass set it on the table, and
growled, 'Chalk it up, Dutch, money
strlngencj ' '
1 es sir j es. sir," chattered the lit
tle bartender effuslveb
' An" cut that bloomin' J es, sir, es.
sir,' too Understand'" came the bel
low. Yes, sir cs, sir, ' repeated the con
fused German ducking behind the bar
Brady turned to his glass and eved
it d spepticallj Then he circled It
round and round to dry the bottom
After that he gloomily made rings on
the table with the wet rim of the glass
The front door opened Jerkedly and
slight fellow In tatters slipped
Brad raised his eves disinterestedly
and did not return the newcomers salu
tation. With a suspicious look at the sleepy
bartender, the shabby man sidled up to
the one lolling at ease over his beer
and secretlj slipped a not- into une of
the puffj palms
Bloke s fingers closed mechanically
over the slip of paper, but he made no
signs of having received anything
"Sit down," he ordered at length.
The slight man slid Into a chair.
"Here, vou, Dutch' Give him what ho
wants an' chalk It up "
Without another word the boorish fel
low drained his "tub" at a gulp, gath
ered himself together, stepped heavily
on his guests foot, and lumbered out
through the side door.
Walking around the corner, entering
at a squalid tenement door, and climb
ing two flights of rickety stairs. "Bloke"
finally reached his room. Locking the
door, upturning a battered suit case, and
lighting a deep-bowled briar that he
picked up from the floor, "Bloke" seated
himself on the improvised chair, pulled
out the dirty note, and read:
"Big spark, IK Ohio Saw GelletL
Fix me If I stay. Left at 4 See you in
St. Louis. Chi. no place for me with
Gellet there. Spark straight tip. Safe
tonight. Supper Job. Front bedroom.
Easy from porch. Well hid. Good
"Bloke" forced the phrases into his
memory, twisted his face Into sundry
horrible spasxrs of thought and finally.
session a joint resolution, carrying with It
an appropriation of COCO, was passed
authorizing the Commissioner of Patents.
the Secretary of the Interior, and the Su
pervising Architect of the Treasury to
draw up tentative plans and recommenda
tions for a new building.
This commission, after considering the
plans of patent offices In European coun
tries, together with a mass of Information
which has already been gathered, will
urge upon Congress the necessity for ac
tion. The work of obtaining a. new Patent
Office was begun by Edward Bruce Moore,
who a few weeks ago retired as Commis
sioner of Patents. Mr. Ewlng. who suc
ceeded him. is Just as enthusiastic as was
his predecessor in urging the importance
of such legls'atlon He hss taken up Hie
work where Mr. Moore left off, and Is
getting into shape all the information
available for submission to Secretary
Lane when he returns to Washington.
lte- ot Chosen
The site for the new Patent OfTlce has
not been chosen. Although unolllclal as
,,,.. hsii been made In the P"st by
Influential members of the Lower House
., . nn as tne lann ana currency
, ..(inn. . disDosed of. the Patent
Mu..- -.- -.- - .. ,
OTice may hope tor reuci, me iu"'"
has not been chosen, Decauso a q
i... nn a fo whether the old location
-in i. nl. whether a new one will tw
purchased, or whether tne new omce win
be erected on iana aireauy ouw wj
government In the neighborhood of th
Ai an uhrri, the new Departments of
Justice and War and Navy will be built
r hill nmtnir an aDDTODrlatlOn Or
iwimn onrl flinr the location "f the
new office on gov ernment lann at r our-
; iruuuicu tBk oco.wm.
A r Patent Office could De maoe ine
most i ere-tlng show building In ivasn
Ington. with the exception, of course, of
the new National Museum. The Patent
Office in itself is a monument to inven
tive genius and the example of inven
tion could be extremely instructive.
ears, aco. before the working corps
of the office numbered more than 1,000
employes and before the volume of rou
tine work was as great as it Is today,
demanding, as It does, every available
inch of space In the building, the Patent
Office of the United States was a mecca
for sightseers Instructive exhibils were
Ion dliplay. including examples 01 every
and Mysterious Society
.oislKi srm,A JR
striking hi t h In Id the paper In the
name until it became an ash.
Turning to a tiunk In the corner, he
unlocked it Already he had lifted out
the top traj, when he stopped abruptly,
put It back, relocked the trunk, and
seated himself upon It
Looking stupidl before him, only his
ejes 6hoing that his mind was work
ing keenlj, he grunted "Its his writin
all right. If it s a bum steer I'll fix him
Red ain t lettin no big sparklers slip
by him. But he said Gellet told him to
get out of town. Gellet's a bum 'gum
shoe don t know first principles: plays
to the gallerj but he can fix "Red
Mas be the lays straight, after all
'Red s nough scared of that detec
tive, hed lick his boots. Ketch roe
lickln' any man's boots "
Again he unlocked the trunk, and for
the second time locked It and reseated
' Don't seem like "Red'; he s too tight
to give out a good thing Said well
hid', mavbe that'4 the rub! Maybe hes
been there couldn t find it Thought he d
pas It around. Anything I can't find
I d like to know it. 'Front bedroom .
easy from porch." Sounds good!"
Jerking at a greasy leather fob, he
unearthed a dollar watch and glanced
at the open face.
Quickly replacing the chronometer he
slipped to his knees beside the trunk.
I-urriedly unlocked It, threw the top tray
onto the floor, scattered the lower con
tents after it, and. dexterously Inserting
a long, bent pin, he lifted out the top ot
the false bottom in the box. Quickly
gathering together a few ot the scattered
tools he shoved the miscellany of valu
ables to one side; then he took a hasty
inventory of the secret chamber and re
placed the lid in the false bottom.
Pushing the handful of small tools Into
a deep breast pocket, he threw ln the
scattered articles, placed the tray on
top ot them and carefully locked the
Having slipped a sawed -off revolver
Into his pocket within easy reach he
pulled his greasy cap lower over his
eyes, peeked Into a cracked bit of mirror
with evident satisfaction and left the
room, after locking it.
On the street car he mixed with the
throng of worklngmen going to their
suppers, and paid his fare as grudgingly
as any one. Calmly he smoked his pipe
and from his unconcerned air he might
have been taken tor a plumber.
A block north of Ohio Street he
alighted. Hurrying on ln the growing
dsrkness he turned off on Ohio and
walked a short block to number 12S. A
light through the glass above the door
assured him that he was right. He
walked straight past the house, re
traced his steps, and walked briskly up
the front walk to 126 Ohio Street Fifteen
feet from the porch he made a crouch
ing duck onto the lawn and sneaked en
tirely around the residence. At the din.
ing room window only he paused and
seized up the family within, just be-'
ginning their evening meal.
Glancing ngaln at all of the upper
windows, he darted around the front,
slunk under the porch, came out at a
corner under a large colonial porch
pillar, looked around, listened for a
moment, and then drew himself up to
the porch by his muscular arms. Like
a monkey climbing a stick he shot tip
siiK aMrJLCvv. ITO
Stacks ot papers In Patent Office
phase of the Inventor's genius. The great
mo" hall at the top of the building
was filled with the visible proofs of
American progress, the actual devices
upon which patents bad been issued
through many years of nation building.
Lincoln's steamboat, upon which he was
given a patent; the first automobile, lo
comotives, flying machines, printing
presses, electrical devices, the original
Morse telegraph key. and thousands of
other models, each closely associated
with the origin of the great utilities and
sciences of today were all there. It was
a liberal education ln Itself to study the
cases of models.
Muriels Inken Out.
But there came a time when the de
partment needed expansion. That more
room be available was Imperative and
one by one the cases of models were re
legated to a more or less forgotten Umbo
untl' th re Is hardly a model left In the
whole patent office an.d the old model
hall has been cut up to provide extra
It is true that the best of the model
have been loaned to the National Mus
eifm, but thousands 41 them toda, boxed
In long coffin-like receptacles, lie ln the
basement ot the office building of the
House of Representatives.
There Is much sentiment attached to
jv .-sfa s f& A
AT 1 1. fs
masnSiJ:i& . yWSSaBm sBmlK
iffaiBBBfcviS t 'jBE?3flH&H PfwIfflBaB
now a Ruse that sccmcd
CCRTAltV fAlLCD ITS PURPOSE
the supporting pillar, crawled over the
roof, felt for his "Jimmy" even before
he reached the front-room window; and
then flopped motionless for a second, his
ear close to the glass.
Inserting his short iron bar he gave
a jerk, and muttered his surprise aithi
wlndow proved to be unlocked It flew
Drawing down the shades carefully, he
ascertained that the inner door a al
most closed and then, again listening, lie
drew forth a scratched, mutilated bit of
candle and lighted it.
From one object to another he flew,
everywhere feeling with practiced fingers
Occasionally he would rush back to an
article he had Just searched and hunt
the ground carefully for the second
time, and with each disappointment his
look grew the more puzzled.
At length he stopped short In his hunt.
surveyed the room critically and made a
hopeful dart for the closet door. Cautious
ly he opened it, inserted his candle, and
then his head, bllpping Into the closet,
through just the required opening, he
searched the .clothing hanging on the
hooks. His fingers struck a pipe ln a
trousers" pocket. Drawing it out he in
spected it by the light to see if It were
worth taking along.
Just like mine," he thought, starting
to put the pipe back. Ytlth sudden in
terest he looked at It again. Then a
shrewd look came into his keen little
eyes Knocking Into his band the to
bacco with which the pipe was already
filled he held the candle at an angle and
peered deep into the briar pipe bowL A
sharp cry escaped him. His eyes opened
to their fullest, he stared deep into the
bowl again for some moments. Then,
nervously shoving the pipe Into his breast
pocket, he blew out his candle and backed
into the room
Another startled cry escaped him as he
felt cold steel at the back of his head.
At the same moment the lights ln the
room were switched on.
He wheeled quickly and stood looking
fixedly Into the barrel of a revolver.
Slowly he lifted his stunned gaze from
the firearms and looked at the man be
A cold shudder passed thiough him;
he tottered for a second, bis eyes bulg
ing. "Gellet!" he gasped.
"Yes slip over the pipe with the spark
ler in the bowL" ordered the detective In
a low voice.
"Bloke" hesitated, glanced quickly
about the room, reached for the pips
once, stopped a moment In thought,
reluctantly reached toward the pipe
again, and with an impulsive perk pulled
it out and handed It over quickly.
'"Much obliged," smiled Gellet recoginlz
Ing the pipe from the outside, and slip
ping it carelessly Into his pocket with
They eyed each other for several mo
mentsboth with wonder somewhat
mixed with admiration.
"Got a gunt" questioned the detective.
For answer, Brady banded the short-
nosed weapon to his captor, handle first
Sit down, won't your' The other ot
tered a chair.
"Bloke" obeyed dumbly.
'Here, take this." said Gellet laying
his revolver aside negligently and push
ing a bill toward the burglar.
"Bloke" stared at It
Twenty dollars!" he gasped.
"Exactly!" exclaimed the detective.
with what the burglar interpreted to be
a "grand-stand" gesture.
"But what's it for?" cried "Bloke."
I'll tell you frankly. In as few words
as possible. I admired your work In
finding that diamond that's what for.
This was a clever trsp I laid for you,
"I suppose Red was in It?' grumbled
"res,", came the smiling reply. "But
I don't Intend to harm you any. I give
you my word. The case Is this: I was
employed by the man who owns this
house to find this diamond that his son
'-sSa Jj7s Wiif .tic1 ikgps viKW!z3Wr2' 4?
where Are would gain easy headway.
these old models. A disposition which Is
strong enough to be designated a national
feeling exists to preserve them. If Con
gress gives, the Patent Office anew build
ing, there will undoubtedly be included
a vast model halt, sufficient for the dis
play of these Interesting relics of genlue.
Of ccjnrse, at the present time, models
are not used ln the Patent Office, work
ing drawings having reached that height
of perfection which make models unnec
essary, but, nevertheless, the old models
should be preserved.
aerlous Mile to Question,
But, there Is a racit serious side to the
question ot a ne Patent Office, more
r'portant by far tnan the matter 01 the
old models. It u the pri.pr safibuard
Ing of the patent records themselves.
More' than 1.070,000 patents have been
issued since the establishment of the
Patent Office. Ill years ago. At that
time the granting of a patent was a mat
ter for discussion In Cabinet meetings by
the President, Secretary of State, becre
tary of War. and the Attorney General
The entire Patent Office force numbered
about three employes. At the head was
Dr. William Thornton, the first commis
sioner, who served from 1S02 untl 1S2S, and
wnose salary was 91, vaj. a cierx, vviiuam
Elliott, at a yearly salary of 00, and a
messenger, who w as paid $72 for his J ear's
4ibi d A ? tfHSkw
fin 1 i 1
had stolen. Rich people. Son a klepto
manlac; but they think it best to keep
the fact from him that they are 'on' to
his stealing. They knew he stole this.
a maid saw him with It Hired me to
find It. so that It could be secretly re
turned. I couldn't find It I looked for
days when the boy was gone from this
room: this la his bedroom But I gave
up the job I had even felt that pipe
In that old pair ot trousers, but I never
thought ot the diamond being hidden In
the bowl and covered with tobacco un
til I heard" jour startled cry there ln
the closet and stlpped into the room
and looked over your shoulder and saw
it sparkling ln the bowL"
"But what about "Red? ' asked the
burglar, guiding the narrator back to
" Being unable to find the gem." con
tinued the other, "I called in 'Red' be
cause I happen to know a few things
about him and knew he would gladly
help Well, he gave It up as hopeless,
but said that you were the best man ln
the business at "finding When I told
him to get you to look for it he said
you were afraid of me and wouldn't do
It under any circumstances. So I thought
out the very neat game to make you find
it and turn It over, as you have. I got
'Red' to write the note to Induce you to
come and 'look for it by yourself, and
I waited outside the door here to see that
you didn't get away with It You found
the diamond. I v e paid you tor your
work. It's worth it to me. I won't say
a word about it You've helped me; 1 11
help you. All I wanted was the diamond
for my client and I've got It" He
smiled comfortably, tapping the pipe In
"'Well, I'm glad It ain't no worse,"
"So am L It Is a-Sh' I think that's
the son, the kleptomaniac coming to his
room now. You 11 have to get out He'll
suspicion something with both of us
here. Go by the window. That's right
At the alarm Brady had Jumped for
the window, and, being encouraged by
Gellet he backed noiselessly out with
a smile and a good night
Slipping down the pillar, he dropped
lightly to the ground. Zlg-zagglng
through several blocks" at a light run, he
finally settled down to a steady gait and
sped along until hex reached the freight
ABE MAETIN SAYS:
Nobuddy kirfbe as obnoxious as
an educated fool.
Joe Lark has a new runabout.
Lookout, girls 1
Photo by Ckopbell Stndloi.
THOMAS EW1XG, Jr.
Commissioner of Patents, who is a
zealous advocate of a new Patent Office
labor, completed the force. A painting
of Dr. Thornton done by Gilbert Stuart,
the artist of Revolutionary period fame,
now hangs ln the office of the present
Commissioner of Patents.
But It is a far cry from those days
when three men could handle the patent
business of the nation, to today, when a
corps of trained scientlQo experts com
prising the forty-one examining divisions
in the office, and hundreds of clerical em
plo) es on a pay roll exceeding JllSCO.OOO a
ear, are kept busy so that there may be
no fatal delay ln transacting the business
ot the nation's Inventors.
Profit to Government.
In the da s of Dr Thornton, the fees
for patents went only a tmall way to
ward def raving his salary and those of
his assistants. Today the Bureau of Pat
ents is the only real paving proposition
that the government has. The last fiscal
year report showed that the Treasury of
the United States has to the credit of the
Patent Office an amount greatly In excess
of 17,000,000 to represent ths actual earn
ing capacity of this branch of the In
In the dajs ot Dr Thornton the Patent
Office was housed In a small building on
w hat Is now E .Street, between Seventh
and Eighth Streets Northwest When
the British entered Washington on their j
Invasion ln 1S12, the old man. standing tn
yards. Running down the track, he man
aged to swing on to a passing freight
and soon was comfortably and safely
settled In a cattle car.
Digging into his breast pocket he
brought out a pipe. Knocking it sharply
several times on his open palm, ho
clutched with his fingers at an object
that dropped from the bowL
Holding It up, he gazed at it lovingly.
and mused "loure some sparkler! Got
ycu after all, besides tne twenty. Won
der what that bum gumshoe Gellet will
say when he finds I gave him my pipe
ln place ot the one with the sparkler in
It? I thought hed try a Sherlock
Holmes game and show his coolness by
jus sllppin the pipe ln his pocket with
out much mere n look in at it Guess
they'll miss you at Us. Ohio, old spark!"
Illc lalue In This Tree.
I From rosnUr Mrcbinics Uixuum,
I What is probably the roost valuable
tree tn the world is an alligator-pear
tree at Whlttier, CaL. which nette its
owner a profit of J3,) in one year This
tree was planted In 13 and began bear
ing In Its fourth year. In 1913 It bore
:ao pears which sold for J1.500. while the
sale of buds during the same year
amounted to Jl.70 making the total
given above The tree is a seedling, the
seed having been planted with a quan
tity of other seed wnlch had been im
ported, presumably from Mexico. An
other tree which was planted at the
same time, and which stands close to
this phenomenal bearer, has never bourne
more than fifty pears .in a season.
Have Proved Greatest Educational
Force the Poultry World
The department of agriculture. New
South Wales, Australia, in one of its bul
letins, has the following to say relative
to egg-laying contests:
"Truly, It can be said that the competi
tions have proved the greatest educa
tional force the Australian poultry world
has known. The Industry has been revo
lutionized and placed on a sound remu
nerative basis, with every prospect of
further advancement In extent stability,
and profitableness. The old-time query.
"Does poultry pay?" is met with
chorus of afflmative voices In actual re
sults. The competitions have set a stand
ard and provided an ever-present Incen
tive and stimulus ln progress. Every'
where we find better fowls better cared
for, giving better monetary returns. The
spirit of rivalry and emulation has In
fected hundreds, tbousands,and the con
stant studv and striving to secure and
breed fowls ot higher productivity has
Inevitably borne good fruit and Is re
flected In balance sheets of the poultry
farmers. The whole history of live stock
breeding bristles with proofs that man
cannot concentrate effort skill, and in
telligence upon a higher Ideal without
ultimately making progress in the direc
tion of flxlng and enhancing desired
characteristics. This is as true of the
hen as It Is the race horse or the Merino
sheep. In the process, breeds and strains
and types that did not conform to the
objective have been cast aside by the
progressive ln the quest for better and
better layers. Naturally, many have met
with disappointments and contradictory
results, but this has not anectea tne gen
eral average ln the forward march."
o Smoke Without Some Fire.
OLD TESTAMENT RECORDS.
There Is no new thing under the sun.
Pipe and wine are In their feasts. Is ,
Who Is the wise man? EccL S L
Out ot his nostrils goeth smoke as out
of a seething pot Job, 412CX.
The bouse was filled with smoke, is..
Weeds were wrapped about my head.
A thick cloud of incense went up. Ex.,
And the house was filled with the
cloud . Ez., 10 .
Your old men shall dream dreams, your
young men sha.ll see visions. Joel, !:
Former troubles are forgotten. la, 65:
As the cloud Is consumed and vanlsh-
eth away. Job,,7.1x.
East Africa has come forward with a
new wood suitable for lead pencils at
time when the- supply ot American
cedar, so largely employed for that pur
pose, is approaching exhaustion.
the steps of his office, watched the smoke
curling up from other government build
ings. As the pillagers approached. Dr.
Thornton stopped them with a word, ar
guing with them and pleading that they
allow the evidences or American genius
to 'escape the torch, and his plea was
Today, even In the cramped quarters ot
the Patent Office, there are more than
2S0.0CO square feet of floor space. But
even this falls utterly to give sufficient
room. The offices of the Secretary of the
Interior occupy nearly one-fifth of this
space, but even the addition ot such an
area would not provide suitable accommo
dations. At the time the British sought to nro
the Patent Office, it wou(d have been a
comparatively easy task to replace the
patent records destroyed. But today, with
literally millions of files, the burning of
the Patent Office would be a national ca
lamity of untold importance
And yet, no Republican Congress has
ever consented to appropriate sufficient
funds to remove these records from the
danger ot Are To which they are now con
stantly exposed, and the Patent Office of
ficials are now endeavoring to make the
Democratic Congress understand the
pressing necessity of relief.
Records ot Protected.
The records of the Patent Office today
are not even protected by steel stacks.
So voluminous have they become that It
has been necessary to stack and file them
wherever pine shelving could be erected
ln the rooms and corridors of the build
Unheeding the warning given by the
two serious fires and a score of small
blazes which, fortunately, were extin
guished before any headway was gained.
Congress has, so far, refused to provide
a fireproof building for this Important
The -fire danger In government buildings
has been further emphasized by recent
blazes ln the Geological Survey Building,
In which records which cannot be easily
replaced were destroied by fire as late as
a few months ago.
Tke first fire in the Patent Office oc
curred December 15, 1838. This was very
shortly after the first statute was passed
which placed the Bureau of Patents on a
permanent working basis. At this time
the entire office wis destroyed, and aftr
a. long Congressional Investigation, the
records were at last partially restired
by the co-operation of the clerks of the
United States Courts, who submitted I
TIPPING EVIL FULLY DISCUSSED
Strong Stand Is Being Taken
to Abolish System or Regu
late It in a Manner to Elim
inate Pernicious Features.
Until quite recently it required the
courage of conviction to hale the tipping
question Into the open and submit It to
such candid examination as would finally
determine Its proper status In a society
that affirms that It abhors servility.
The Increasing pppositlon to a system
that Is founded on no apparent necessity.
however, makes it more and more essen
tial that something be done to eliminate
tipping, or at least to regulate It In such
a manner that the more pernicious fea
tures become things of tne past
Many and various are the means em
ployed for the purpose of combating the
tipping habit, or at least keeping it from
overstepping the bounds ot reason. It
Is not so much, of course, that these
efforts aim at doing away entirely with
gratuities for special service rendered.
One Price In KnuuRli.
The greatest harm, on the whole. Is that
those who feel that one orlce is enough.
and who perhaps cannot afford to pay
ln xcess ol a first charge, are frequent
ly made targets because of their neglect
in tipping, or what is sometimes con
sidered a worse offend, rendering a tip
unsatisfactory to the recipient The wish
of most of those who suffer under this
system is not so much to avoid legitimate
expense as it is to get everything for
which they are expected to pay charged
ln one bill, and dealt with openly
In some Instances employers are to
blame for the prevalence of the tipping
system. Helpers are engaged on the
direct understanding that their pay is
nominal, and that tips must help In mak
ing up the deficient pay envelope. The
less said about this the better, except for
the fact that a clear understanding of all
the details may help ln finding a remedy.
There Is another phase of the tip
ping matter that claims attention. It
Is ln the case of many keeping sum
mer boarders near hotels and who
mean to do the fair thine with both
their help and their clientele and yet
find it difficult to proceed satisfac
torily. Take an instance where young
women are employed to wait on tables.
Tips may be frowned upon by the pro
prietor and suitable wages may be
paid the help. But at the near-by
hotel fellow-workers tell about their
liberal tips, and If it Is not a case of
leaving the smaller place for the larg
er, where the tips abound, there Is apt
to be a stir among the waitresses in
the lesser establishment and favors
bestowed before adequate service Is
vlunllon Trltli Public.
The question has been raised whether
an amount equivalent to the tip expected
could not be added to the sum total of
the hill, the help to get the difference
between the former cost and the latter.
Whether the public would stand for this
Is a matter of question. At any rate
many argue that there Is no reason why
the public should be made to shoulder
the entire responsibility as to the addi
tional outlay. A woman traveler gives
a side to the tipping question that proves
the surprising dimensions the habit will
assume when, given free rein.
"'I was one of many who cruised the
past season," she says, "and from time
to time confidences on tips were ex
changed. When about twenty-four hours
from New York the subject took on new
energy when a passenger with an apti
tude for financiering made the startling
announcement that our passenger list
represented not less than 110,000 ln tips
with scarcely a doubt that It was nearer
JH0O0. Added to this, we were supposed
to make up a purse for the orchestra.
wno grumbled because we had fallen
short by WW or J100 of what tho former
cruise gave them.
'Any one can gauge the amount the
American traveler disburses In lips when
ne taxes into consideration the number
ot cruises every season. Nor U" this
alt On a four months' trio alone the
Pacific Coast I discovered that the tips
averaged about J2.50 a day. It is more
than an abuse; It Is positively a burden.
And ln this statement I know I voice
the thought ot thousands. On the other
hand, I believe the average traveler Is
appreciative" and fair. -and this leads up
to the question. What Is the 'square
statements and copies of patents on file
with them and a duplicate of models
were obtained through a committee ap
pointed to reproduce ths best examples
which had been lost ln the fire.
Thirty-one-years later the second seri
ous flra swept the Patent Office, but the
damage was not so serious that it could
not be repaired, although even at that
time the losses which were occasioned
have never been entirely restored.
More than a scor nt tlm in .t, ta
decade blazes have been discovered In the
patent umce, springing from electric
wires, the pipes ot stoves which have
since been removed. mtnhntHnu .n vtn
Me its ot Sir. Enlntr.
"The vital Imnnrtin,, rf l..,t.,.i-
obtaining an appropriation from Congress
for the construction of a fireproof build
ing with adequate accommodations to con
form with the enormous and profitable
work of the Bureau, cannot be over-estl-
uiAtcu. aia commissioner Ewlng.
"There areindoubtedly changes which
can be made ln the nst.m law. nMn
would come nearer than the present stat
utes do to carrying out the true purpose
which the government has In mlnd.in Is
suing patents. There are unquestionably
forms of legislation which might bs en
acted to give a greater efficiency to the
working force of the Patent office. But
both of these, wbiln fn. r -.
ment to the Patent office, are not to be
cumparea wun me Dig, vital need of a
"Congress has ADDrnnHafl . .
struction of a new Department of Jus
tice, a new Department of War and Navy
as well as a new Bureau of Engraving
and Printing and a Department of Com
merce and Labor There can be no ques
tion but what all of these buildings were
nflMl. Hilt wh.n th ?9- la .w.-t.4..-l
that the Patent Office Is the single govern
ment oureau wnicn is not only self-sup-
EOrtinC COStlne' thl enwrnrnml nn -In
gle penny to maintain It. but which shows
more than J7.000.000 profit. It seems as
though a new Patent Office should have
been Included The question becomes one
of simple business policy, and if such a
Droblem confronted nnv mnn ws Awmu
a business which pays as the Patent Office
does, he would undoubtedly house it In a
"I believe the time to be ripe, however,
when Congress will realize the need for
a new building and will recognize the
sound business policy involved In appro
priating for one."
deal, with those who serve us In various
capacities, relating to the traveler?
"It was a great relief to learn in one
legality that the waiters expected 10 per
cent This, at least anchored us to
something that would hold, but it did
not answer the question of what one
ought to do. In other words, are all
those who serve us unperpald Am I
taking bread and butter out of some
one's mouth by refusing to follow the
custom' If I pay l a day for room
and bath, am I or am I not entitled to
the service that keeps it in order or
administers to every reasonable need'
The Average American traveler Is more
or less fond of luxury, which he inter
prets as comfort even necessities, and
above all things he wants what he wants,
and Is willing to pay for It But must he
pay for It twice, or pay a toll or tip for
the privilege of spending his money
'Nor Is this all. It defrauds many
a less-favored individual. I have actu
ally heard of a lady, fond of traveling,
who could cover some of the places she
desires y visit but for the extra burden
of tips. 'For tips have a way if mount
ing up. It is a fact that before starting
en any Journey I estimate the extras
and tips. If I can made thee and my
bank account 'agree, the transportation
and other items will take care of them
selves. ' My question does not aim to specu
late with situations that call for extra
service, or gracious catering to some
whim or urgent need, as some circum
stances must be left open for Individual
solution, pleasure and privilege. But
the sum total is, travel we must Globe
trotters we are, most of us. or hope to
be. Can there not be a heart-to-heart
understanding between travelers and
the hotels Do all those who serve us
need our help, or do they only expect
'Isn t there some one who can start us
right If it Is our duty to be patient
smile; and have our dimes (mostly
quarters) ready for bells, buttons, boots,
redcap porters but I spare you details,
as you doubtless know them. Wont
some one put It on a proper basis'"
A Natural rireleu Cooker.
The Maoris of Northern New Zealand
enjoy cooked food to a far greater ex
tent than other natives, but they never
bother with fire. They build their huts
on the edge of some "friendly" geyser,
where they may cook In nature 9 kitchen
The methods of Jhls primitive people liv
ing In so strange a neighborhood are de
scribed by Max Herz in his book on New
On a spot which superstition would as
sociate with death and the devil, the
huts of about M0 Maoris lie scattered
the remnant of the once war-like tribe of
Tuhourangl It Is lucky that these sim
ple folk need no kitchen, for nature has
built for them the best of all cooking
appliances and saved them endless
trouble with the stove, gas company or
coal merchant A pond of boiling water
lies in the middle of the settlement In
this the Maori woman puts her water
kettle to boll, or hans the wlde-meshed
flax bag filled with potatoes, and wait
until thev are cooked. True, the potatoes
ccoked in their sins taste a little of
sulphur, but that is the riant flavor tnr
a Maori palate the haut-gout for the
For the cooking of meats the fuma
roles. or holes, through which steam es
capes from the ground, are used. A box
with a wooden grating for a bottom l
placed on the ground over the hole. In
this" the Maori woman places the meat
well covered with tin or Iron pots. An
Old sugar bar Is then nrr! over the
box, and the crude apparatus Is left until
the Imprisoned steam has completely
cooked the Joint
Potatoes are the staple food of the
Maori. Some miles awav from the vll-
lage the tribe owns a plot of fertile soil.
where they plant the tubers. Each fam
ily nas to send a number ot its mem
bers to till jthe ground. Tbey work for
two or three weeks and are then rellev ed
by another house. The same method Is
adopted at harvesting. The proceeds of
the fields belongs to all. each family tak
ing as mjch as It needs. Mutual Jealousy
l'r s that each family sends workers,
that these really work, and that nobody
takes too much. He who will not work,
shall not eat. he who does not plant,
shall not harvest
Oh, where are tne gins or yester
year" Sighed the sentimental mutt
"they're mending the hose of the girls
Answered the neurotic vA