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THE WASHINGTON HERALD. SUNDAY, MAY 17, 1914.
ID HUSTED HARPER ON WORK OF WOMEN Interviewed by Italian War Correipead ent, Mrs. Harper Explains the Scepe of Work Undertakes by the Interna tional Council of -Women. By IDA HUSTED HARPER. r Hotel Quirinale, Rome. When our ship cast anchor in the beautiful Bay of Naples we stepped into midsummer and were glad to journey at once to Rome even though only five hours to the north. At this season it reminds one of California, for while the rays of the sun send one to the shady side of the street, the moment it drops below the t horizon a wrap and even furs are welcome. All time the ears of the visitor to Rome have been assailed by the bray of the donkey, louder, long er, more frequent here than anywhere else it seems, as the little beast of heavy burdens pro tests against his hard fafe; and now with this is blended, in dreadful discord, the hoarse honk of the ever-present automobile as it aggressive ly defies the historic quiet of the Eternal City. But these sounds, the clatter of horses hoofs on the stony pavement and the incongruous clang of the street car gong are muffled as we enter more, incongruous than issuing the evening pa pers at 11 a. m., American .style? ' The interviewer took copious notes but noth ing was more evident than that the entire "woman movement" ,-was Greek to hun worse in fact, for having reported the. Balkan war he probably knows 'something of Greek. I ahi sure he never would have believed my statements about the extent of the enfranchisement of women in the United States if I had not had a "suffrage map" with me. . That they were elig ible to all offices was really too much for him, and when I gave the number of women in law, medicine, and then in the ministry, the countess, who was interpreting, said quickly: "It would be fatal for him to publish just now tliat you have women clergy 1 But do try and explain to himN the difference between the" council and the congress," she said, "for the papers are hope lessly mixed up." So they are. wherever these quinquennials are held, and an explanation is necessary for an intelligent understanding of this series of letters. Which She Proceeds to Explain. The international council is the largest or ganization of women in the world. How many it represents cannot be definitely known, as it has no individual members, but is made up of national councils, one in each country, and these are composed not o individuals but of or- necessary to postpone the next for a year and it took place- in London in 1899, where its delegates were received by royalty and the nobil ity and its two weeks of meetings .marked an epoch in the progress of women, especially ' in Great Britain. Qaiityuaaial ia Berlin. In 1904 came the quinquennial in Berlin, the greatest and most significant garnering of women that has ever taken place.- he inter national officers and presidents of all national councils were cordially received by the Empress, and; while the nobility held aloof, the municipal ity, burgomeister and board of magistrates, gave a magnificent official banquet and reception in the town hall, and many splendid homes were opened. Toronto entertained the council in 1909, necessarily not on so grand a scale, but delight fully, and a noteworthy feature was an ex cursion, at the close, to the Pacific Coast, with reduced rates and many courtesies from the Canadian Pacific Railroad. Between the quin quennials two executive sessions are held, lasting a week, and accompanied by public meetings, social entertainments, etc. That of last year took place at The Hague, with a representative of Queen Emma present at the opening reception. At the one of 1911, in Stockholm, and special meetings on the way in Copenhagen and Chris- powerful opposition that does not exist else where. Thus far the press has been very skept ical, "but respectful-because of the high position of the women who are standing as sponsors. Had it been an international1 suffrage, meeting it would have been(an impossibility and the fact that one of the council's" standing committees is on suffrage and the rights of .citizenship has been carefully kept in the background. Neverr theless, it appears that the Pope has put an absolute ban on the meeting, although every possible effort was made to prevent this action. There is no keener diplomat in Europe than the Countess of Aberdeen, president of the Inter national Council of Women. As her husband, the Earl of Aberdeen, is lord lieutenant of Ireland, their relations Would naturally be very friendly with Cardinal Logue and it is said that a strong pressure has come from Dublin to Rome to secure the approval of this meeting from the church. I do not vouch for this story except that I had it from high authority. It will be remembered that when Cardinal Logue visited the United States a year or two ago he conservatively declared himself in favor of woman suffrage. Leading Catholic women here tell me that the Pope and the highest dignitaries of the church in Rome are unalterably opposed to every phase of what is known as the "woman move ment." Nevertheless the Italian council is- al most wholly composed of Catholic women and Delegates in Rome Face Opposition of the . Pope, Who Has Pat a Ban Upon the Gathering -Social Events Given by Royalty Will Be Features. ' the handsome, spacious Hotel Quirinale, on the , rnmnttrinp- thesp in a general wav t,an,a' 1,le council was honored w'ith the personal they have practically the entire charge of the , ia Nazionale, which is to be the headquarters f ..,,. f,. th ;nfprnnf;mT ,.;-, :e recognition of the Kings of Denmark and Swe- arrangements for thes of the International Council of Women for the next three weeks. It is built Italian fashion around a lovely garden, with palms 100 years old, and masses of vines, shrubs and graceful trees where the birds sing undisturbed all day and give a concert at the first peep of dawn. Interview by "War Correspondents." It is too early yet for more than a perspective of what promises to be an eventful occasion, toward which the newspapers are looking with lively anticipation, and pens are in readiness to deal with it in ridicule, criticism or approval, ac cording to- its developments. On the day after my arrival one of the leading newspapers asked permission to send its "war correspondent" to interview me and I answered that it would be cry appropriate. He was an alert, polite young fellow in his early thirties, who smoked cigaret tes through the interview without any intention of disrespect. At its close he was much disap pointed that I had no photograph and asked if he might bring one of the most noted car toonists here, to make a caricature. I said "yes," as that was what the photograph would have been. It exceeded my worst expectations. The artist presented me with the signed original and should I ever have any grandchildren and should they prove to be incorrigible it can be used to frighten them into good behavior. It is a mark of distinction, they say, to be caricatured by this artist, but have I "queered" the other Amer ican delegates in advance and will the Italian public be prepared to see all of them look like this? By the way, the first edition of the morn ing papers in Rome come out at noon, the second at 4 p. m. and the last at 6. But is that any it is estimated that the international council is representative of 7,000,000 or 8,000,000 women. Any kind of an association of women is eligible to membership and there is scarcely a line of activity along which women are working that is not represented in the national council of some country and possibly of all countries. This may be illustrated by the United States to whose national council belong such varied organiza tions as the National Woman's Relief Corps, National Council of Jewish Women, Universal Peace Union, Florence Crittenton Mission, Na tional Woman's Relief Society (Mormon), Ladies of the Maccabees of the World, National Child's Welfare League, National Federation of Colored Women, National Woman Suffrage As sociation, and World's Purity Federation. The international council meets once in five years as a clearing-house where those who are interested in these great causes may come to gether and relate the progress during this per iod, exchange ideas as to methods of work and gather inspiration for the future. As half a dozen meetings arc necessarily in session at the same time one must choose the one which seems of most consequence to her, and the choice is usually difficult, for this is a serious and con scientious body of women. Invitations to hold this quinquennial are extended by the national council of various countries and the place is de cided by the official board of seven members. The first of these great meetings, after the or ganiaztion in Washington, D. C., in 1888, was held in Chicago in 1893, and was the largest and most brilliant of all the many congresses held during the Columbian Exposition except, pos sibly. the Parliament of Religions. It became den. While the object of these council meetings is to receive the reports of Its standing commit tees and consider various matters of business, and only patrons, committee members and dele gates are admitted, it always has been customary for the national council that acts as hostess to arrange a congress to which speakers from all over the world arc invited to present papers covering a wide range of subjects, and to this the public is invited. For a while it was the plan to have the council and congress run along together, so that the hundreds who came sim ply as visitors could be entertained, but the re sults were disastrous. The visitors couldn't dis tinguish between the two; the public came to the wrong meetings and went away raging, and representatives of the press who had been ad vertising the council without stint found them selves barred from the sessions and proceeded to ignore it. Finally the plan was adopted of hav ing only the council proceedings for the first week or ten days, with several public meetings at night, and then turning over the entire charge to the local managers of the congress. This will be the modus operandi in Rome, but already the reporters are beginning to tear their hair and say things. Pope Pats But on Meeting. The experiment of this great convocation of women in Rome may well be watched with deep interest. It is a vast undertaking for the women of any country to prepare for and manage one of these quinquennials, but doubly -o for those of Rome, where it is for obvious reasons an unwelcome innovation, and where there is a these three weeks of meetings. They are what is known as the Royalist Catho lics, but trie otner aivision, me Vatican iauio lics, are taking no part, not even to the extent of opening their houses for receptions to the distinguished guests. Because of the opposition of the Pope there will be no formal recognition by the King and Queen, as it is generally under stood that hope now exists of an alliance of some kind between Vatican and throne as the only means of meeting successfully the onward sweep of Socialism. Gsrden Party by Queen Mother. It is a most significant fact, however, that the principal social event of council and con gress is to be a garden party by the Queen Mother Marghcrita, who is far more influential with the Italian people than her daughter-in-law, Queen Helena. "But how does she dare rik giving offense?" we ask. "O she is free," was the answer. Of equal importance is the acceptance of the honorary presidency of the congress to be given by the Italian council by H. R. I. H. Princess Laetitia, Duchess of Aosta. Next to tHb two queens this aunt of the King is tlic greatest social power in Italy. This placing of herself at the head of the most pro gressive movement ever made by Italian women, taken in connection with the recognition by Queen Marghcrita of an international organiza tion of women that maintains a standing com mittee on woman suffrage, in the face of the opposition of the church, is certainly an oc currence which merits careful consideration. Besides the church and the royal family is another great force which will endure when both have passed away the Italian government and to it the women of the country must finally look for civil and political freedom. It 13 therefore of the highest importance that the gov ernment is to recognize this great body of the world's progressive women through an official, reception tendered in the name of Minister of Foreign Affairs San Juliano. This will be fol lowed by another extended by the municipality of Rome which will be given at the capitol, the! splendid building flanked on either side by thd great museums on Capitoline Hill. One of thd most interesting of the social affairs will be ai dinner and reception by Princess Rospoli, at her" palace in the country, twenty miles from the city, to which the guests will be taken in a) special train. The festivities will open with a? large reception at her palace in town by the president of the Italian council, Contessa Spallet ti Rasponi, on May 4. During the ten days of. the council a banquet will be given by the Italian council to the international council, and there will be more dinners and teas than the delegates will find lime to attend, to say nothing of the many interesting excursions planned. Not All Pleasure, However. The exacting work of the council will begirt May 5 and continue through the 14th. The con gress will open its sessions May 6 and continue through the 23d, in the Fine Arts Palace, and it will be practically the end of the month be fore all is finished and the last of the visitors have departed. Not only have the railroads in Italy reduced the rates from 40 to 60 per cent from April 23 to those coming to council and congress, but the railways of England and France have made a reduction of 50 per cent, with tickets good for the entire month of May, so a large attendance is a foregone conclusion. On May 10 every Protestant church in Rome will hold special services for delegates and visitors. Delegates are not sent from organizations, but are appointed by the official board of the national council in each country from women who understand council work and find it pos sible to attend. Thoe from the United States have not yet arrived, but as far as known they will be Mrs. May Wright, honorary president of the international council and chairman of the standing committee on peace and arbitration; Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, chairman of the stand ing committee on suffrage and the rights of cit izenship; Mrs. Kate Waller Barrett, president o the United States national council; Miss Janet Richards, Profs. Laura Wylie and Miss Thurl burg, of Vassar College ; Prof. Lydia Sparkman, of Barnard College; Miss Sadie American, Mrs,, Charisma Williams, Miss Lucy E. Anthony, and the writer. This list is likely to be changed and there mnt be added the alternates. CLAIMS SUFFRAGE MEANSSAVAGERY Anti Leader Issues Warning Against Overthrow of Civilization. CONDEMNS NEW REFORMS Mrs. Guilford Declares Suffragists Are Co-operating with Socialism and Feminist Movement. Dr MRS. SIMBOJf H. GUH.FOnD, f Member Exfiitire Board. PenusylriDU AMorUtJnn Opposed to Woman Suffrage. It Is often asked by the more con servative and less experienced suf fragists, why so many writers who op pose "votes for women." persist in link In? the whole movement with socialism iind feminism, despite the fact that per se, the question of woman suffrage has nothing to do, seemingly, with either or these agitations. Likewise, persons who listen for the first time to the hackneyed statements of some parlor socialist that the only evil In the world is tho "oppression of labor i by capital." accept the theory of a remedy through the "co-operative com monwealth." without realizing that, be neath the pleasing exterior of "brother hood" and "equality" for all men, social ism hides a menace to our entire civili zation. If the woman suffrage Issue meant no more than "dropping a slip of paper Into a ballot box." as Miss Jane Addaros de fined it: socialism no more than the "brotherhood of man" Is useful co-opera-tlor: feminism no more than the educa tional, physical and moral advancement of woman; who could be found any where to oppose these movements? Means Return to Snrajrerj. t Eut the fact Is that all these propa ganda are not only linked together, as has been repeatedly proved and con fetred by the acknowledged leaders of alt three factions: but each of these so called "'reforms." in addition to these apparently harmless or beneficial changes In political, economic, or social life; ad vocates, preaches or Involves the com plete overthrow of our present clvlllza Uon, and our deliberate return to sav agery. " To see that this Is so, one needs but examine the attitude of various social ists and feminists on the single issue of monogamous marriage. Many scientists have thought that originally, both promiscuity and com munism were practiced bv every nation and tribe of the human race. McLer man, Lubbock, Morgan and Glraud-Teu- don treated this theory "as a demon strated truth." (See History of Human .Marriage, p. a.) Without regard to the truth of this view. It Is known that polygamy existed among many ancient peoples, notably the Britons, primitive Arabs, aborigines of .America, Hottentots, and the inhabitants of the Canary Islands, India, Ceylon, kMalabar. and New Zealand. Some writers, - e. g.. McLennan (Studies In Ancient His tory, P- m have asserted that the Levi rate. the custom of the ancient Jews and other races, of compelling the brother of a deceased husband to marry- his -widow, was a. .rello rof original polyandry. Polyandry is even now common In Tibet, the Aleutian Islands, with the Hottentots and the Zaporogian Cossacks. Polygamy, on the other hand, has ex isted at some time. In almost every race known to history. Whether polyandry, polygamy or pro miscuity was the original practice of the human race, it remains a fact that the progress of every people, from savagery to civilization, has been accompanied by a development of marriage relations in the direction of monogamy, and with it the establishment of the family and the home. ?oclallxta Woald Abolish Family. Socialists do not deny this. It is on of the things they blame for all our present evils. (See Engle's "The Origin of the Family. Private Property and the State." Practically every socialist writer, from H. G. Wells, with his cold scientific analysis of marriage and the New York State, to Jack London, with his hot "red blood" stories of human "progress" to ward original savagery maintains that communism will ultimately compel us tn abolish the private family and the home. Feminism is a twin sister to socialism, if not Its first-born daughter. It boldly proclaims that ''free love," easy divorce and communal homes are necessary r woman Is not to remain a "slave" and a "parasite." The history of civilization refutes both socialism and feminism. Poets, novel ists, and historians though many promi nent socialist writers are. they have failed to grasp the fundamental fact that, since promiscuity, polygamy, poly andry, and communism are sanctioned and practiced extensively only in savage tribes, these things must naturally re tard or restrict clvlllxatlon. With fa natic vision centered only on the phantom of a communistic Utopia, these dreamers noUce not that communism In property or In wives and husbands, has been abandoned by every civilized race In his tory. Not only that, but every communistic association that has ever been estab lished by enthusiasts to demonstrate these theories under the most favorable conditions, has ended In disaster, from Brooks Farm to Mr. Sinclair's Arden colony. However, the repeated failure of these vain attempts to force socialism and feminism, even on small communi ties of devout and selected believers, teaches these dreamers nothing, and one can hardly read a weekly paper without learning that some new "halcyon hall" or "free love" colony has perished on the rocks of human passion. Usually, these communities, whether they are or ganized primarily to share property or to share husbands and wives or "soul mates," meet the same fate. Some one man and woman Instinctively follow the natural law of human progress, and leave or break up-the colony to be happy "with each other In a home of their own." Monogamy Natural and Xerrataray. The love of one man for one woman, and the desire of both to have a private home and bring up their children to gether. Is either the natural human In stinct toward monogamy, or an acquired characteristic of progressive races that pnnnnt h ttKAll.hl .. .t.i . t , I .Si,. .. "" muiuui sacrificing civilization. Most scientists are inclined In hAllVA h M.M...... ... . .-. ...... luvuugauijr jg mg normal and natural relationship of humans, as It Is known to be of many species of birds and animals. Christianity also, has always taught this, and made stren uous laws to safeguard and sanctify marriage. Morality and civillxaUon depend on the continuance of monogamous marriage, nivnrre. much lesji esav AIvam i. . unmixed evil. A man and a, woman who know they will have to lie together al- "w ,.. -w. ,.. Buu uigci. minor differences, practice aelf control, and de velop character and altruism never pos sible In a "free love" union where either party may run off with another partner for a petty reason. Also, as a matter of comparative statistics, immorality among the unmarried Is less common where there Is no divorce and where Christian Ideals are strongest. What then shall we think of this other aspect of socialism and feminism, which tells in effect that we must abolish pri vate property and Christian marriage, give up our home and families, and live like savages because It would be "cheaper" for the "new state" to herd civilized beings together like dumb cat tie than to let them retain the very In stlncts and moral ideals that raised them from barbarism? Communistic colonies have always fall ed. and some of the most famous living socialists are most famous through the notoriety they gained by disregarding their marrisge io. Yet these fanatics. enemies of civilization, and destrojers of the holiest ties of humanity and true religion are received In open arms by prominent suffragists. Conservative suffragists began hy re pudiating socialism and feminism, saying It was "the fringe of lunacy which ac companies every new movement." logical, clear sighted suffragists, as well as antl-sufTragits. saw from the start where this movement must event ually end, and recent events have given evidence that the whole Issue Is now permeated with these pernicious doc trines. Conservative suffragists are now forced to make light of socialism, which they -eannot renounce. They say. "any how, you know, socialism Is like unl tarlanlim. a sliding scale. It Is for all tastes from pious orthodoxy to rank radicalism." Even this position must now be abandoned. Xairraaist Welcome Socialists. Quite recently In conservative Philadel phia, the most conservaUve woman suf. frage organization held a meeting In the home of one of Its most conservative members and the speakers were Mrs. Rheta Chllde Dorr, believer In militancy, radical socialism and famlnlsm, and Max Eastman. Max Eastman Is not only a Socialist, but a rabid Socialist: not only a femi nist, but his wife goes by her maiden name. He publishes a paper called the Masses that Is so rebellious that Its edi torials have been severely criticised even by the editor .of the New York Journal, himself a suffragist, a radical and a revo lutionary. In this paper, Eastman paro died the Lord's Supper In a Christmas Issue. He attempts to undermine the whole foundation of the religion ofChrts tlans as well as Jews In his mad desire to level everything, to feminism and So cialism. Nevertheless, Max .Eastman Is repre sented by the suffragists themselves to have enthralled his hearers here with "polished language and charming man ner," beneath which he conveyed cleverly disguised "modem" Ideas that "ten or twenty years ago would have been recog nized as ultrasoclallstlc." Although Eastman, In conservative Philadelphia, was careful not to preach the real doctrines he teaches In the Masses, he told his -suffragist friends that the woman's vote "would not bring on the millennium," and Is "not Impor tant:" and he otherwise duly hinted to the observant that suffragism Is merely to be used as a leverage by which Social ism and feminism will be able to pry civilization and religion loose from humanity, and raise instead, the "co operative commonwealth." the savage state, and the scarlet flag! Oh no, "votes for women" only means "a. slip of psper in a ballot box" noth ing more! - Yet suffrage was begotten In Utah and Idaho by MormonUm, rocked In the WOMEN WAGING "WAROFROSES" Bloodless Battles in Capital Between Suffragists and Antis. HOW IT ALL HAPPENED Red and White Colors, Distinguishing Factions, Recalls England's Famous Civil War. n i:ri.r v. nonsnv. One of the facts that failed to creep Into the press reports of the recent suf frage demonstration In Washington was1 that antl-suffraglsts. working under the direction 'at the District Association Op posed to Woman Suffrage, sold J120 worth of red roses, the official emblem of the "antl" element, demanding the ote from Congress. Second "War of thr Roses." In other words. It was one of the bloodless engagements of the second "war of the roses" which Is being waged In the Capital at this time. The suf fragists have been forced to adopt a white rose as the distinguishing mark of their political faith, while thousands of red roses have been circulated through Washington to be worn by those who are old-fashioned enough to uphold the supremacy of the mere man.. Of course. It's all a matter of his tory that the houses of York and Lan caster plunged England Into a bloody and poetlc-soundlng civil war that last-1 -A 1 .1-- TT-..... .. ST..W cu lur jrcMxa, wiiercin uie nuu ui iuia Imposed upon Its followers the duty of wearing the white rose of York to dis tinguish them from thev wearers of the red rose of Lancaster. In the good old days, a knight of the white rose would meet a knight of the red rose and straightway there would be a Ult that unusually eventuated In the sudden demise of one knight and often the de raise of both. Washington, however, while all excit ed over the .twenUeth-century war of the roses that now Is being waged In Its midst, refuses to countenance tac tics so thoroughly elemental and so thoroughly lacking In the finer ethics of combat. Tr-e "war of the roses" or at least It's latter-day paralled began In Washington several weeks ago The District As sociation Opposed to "Woman's Suffrage was the agresscr In the matrr and de clared war on Its F street neighbor, the Congressional Union, where Miss Lucy cradle of California by Socialism, and now in Its purest and most childish Inno cence Is being led Into "Philadelphia Christ nan homes by a prince of feminists: f, Behind the skirts, of suffragism, Mor- monlsm coes to the noils. Socialism marches red and rampant on the streets," and feminism stalks and swaggers Into our homes. And thus, we are told, shall Christian women be "emancipated" and "advanced by the aid of those who would lead and applaud this ' progress all the way oac to the -Hottentot! Bums. Miss Alice PaLl. and Mrs. Jesse Hardy Stubbs ?Oiance the cause of "votes fcr women." nennrtera Drop Hints. About that time. Mrs Stubbs. who Is press nctnt for the Congressional I'nlon. was emr:ainlnp delegates of reporters with reams of facts and statistics con nected with the suffrage demonstration. The local Washington reporters who 4 were being entertained departed from the presence of Mrs. Stubbs. and. dropping in nt the headquarters of the "antls. which is situated two blocks further up Fourteenth street, let drop little hints from time to time, of the very extensive preparations which the local suffragists were making for the big parade It Is not to be expected that the "nntlsy would let such a thoroughly bro-iil'hlnt go unchallenged Straightaway thev went Into executive session and within twj or three days, the "war of the roses" was on. The "antls" gathered toRelhrr their financial munitions of war and purchased roses by the gross. The roses were not ephemeral, evanescent floral growths, that would wilt in a day. hut fine. falrl -permanent contraptions of red cheesecloth. dtl a beautiful red and guaranteed to stay red as long as the wearer kept out of the rain. The Washington Horse Show happened along about the time the declaration of war was tleclared on the suffragists. The latter, not to be outdone, promptly de clared the white rose as Its emblem, which was nothing like a bad selection, as three-fourths of the marchers In the suffrage parade were dressed In white. From the suffrage precincts of Four teenth and V streets, the answer to the challenge floated back to the "antis" in their quarters at Fourteenth and H street and within twenty-four hours Washington sat back to witness a revival of one of the most classic memories of feudal history. But to return to the horse show. The gates of the National Capital Horse Show had no sooner opened than through the portal passed a flock of boys, laden down with baskets of red. cheesecloth roses, and over the paddock walled their weird, minor call for recruits In the bloodless battle which may wage through the whole year of 191t liny a Red Rose. "But an anti-suffrage red rose," walled the flower boys, and while Washington has plenty of suffrage sympathizers, there are also plenty more who believe that the woman's place Is In the home and the flower boys never dreamed of reaping the harvest of nickels and dimes that came their way from the crowd that circled the paddock at the horse show grounds, down near the, Washington Monument. This skirmish of the "antl" pickets, however, faded Into Insignificance along side the coup that the "anils" worked while the loyal 1,500 sisters from the nu merous professions and the several States of the Union tramped down Pennsylvania avenue to the Capitol Bulldlnavto- show Congress that the women of.thls country meant- what they said when they asked for the .ballot. . & The "day of tho suffrage parade dawned talr and t the suffragists crowded the downtown sfreeis thicker than newsboys whenv they,ilsue an extra along News Paparffrpw. The suffragists had heard nothing for quite a while In regard to the-actlvities of the "antls." and they fwere the slightest bit squeamish over the possible result of the "antr' activity. Absolute secrecy had marked the move ments of the "antls" up to the afternoon of the parade, and then they cut loose with their volley. Just as the parade ,waj starting rrom the White House to the CapltoL A regiment of flower boys sud denly, appeared along the street, laden with baskets of red cheesecloth roses. "Buy .an anllssuffrage red rose," tby walled to the crowds that flanked the PEACE AT MINES DUE TO WOMEN Clara Bewick Colby Says They Forced Ammons to Act. REFUSE TO TAKE DEFEAT Hae Sent Committee to Strike Re gions and Promise to Bring Further Reforms. What women, who have been Invest ed with the sovereign power of the bal lot, can do for their State In time of need has just been magnificently dem onstrated in Colorado. The Woman's Journal of May 9 tells the dramatic story, as it has been gleaned from the Denver dallies and special correspond ence from Senator Helen Ring Robin son. The main points in the story got tired of nothing being done by the State authorities to stop the atrocities that were being com mitted In the strike region, and de termined to put a sn-p to them. They realized that In the existing bitterness of feeling the only power that could meet the situation was the Federal government. A call was sent out In the name of the Women's Peace As sociation. It read: "Women of Colorado: For the sake of your tlaln sisters and their wounded children, for the pake of jour sisters, whose humble homes have been ruth lessly destroyed, for the take of the curbs on either side of Pennsjlvania ave nue. All through tho afternoon of the parade, the flower bos piled their trade, reaping a harvest of nickels and dimes, and when night had come and the nickels and dimes had been counted up at "antl" headquarters, there was JIJi) that hadn't been In the "antl treasury when the parade started. Nor Is that the whole extent of the coup the "antls" put over on their sis ters of F street. Along Pennsylvania avenue, the "ant's" had stationed men to count the actual number of women In the parade. At suf frage headquarters, it had previously been announced the 5.W0 women, from every State In the Union, would partici pate, but the "antls" were determined to make them prove It. When the whole suffrage parade had passed up Pennsv lvania . avenue to the Capitol and when the afternoon Wash ington papers were estimated the march ers at figures anywhere from 5,000 to 10, COO persons, the "antls" quietly and ef fectively spiked the publicity guns of the suffragists by pouring into the of fices of the morning papers, the delight ful Information that Just exactly 1,185 persons. Including mere men and police men, had marched In the suffrage par ade. notwithstanding the reports of 5,000 marchers Issued by suffrage headquar ters, i This "war of the roses that Is be ing staged In Washington is not apt to cease within anything like a short time and In the nvanwhi'e, municipal Wash ington reads the morning papers over Its coffee and -oils and applauds the latest victory In this bloodless war at rote. ' earnest men who are being wounded and killed every hour because they tried to better their conditions of life, we summon ou to a meeting at thd capitol at 10 o'clock Saturday morn's Iing. -Votnm Stand Firm. "In the name of the womanhood of Colorado we will demand that another hideous holocaust be prevented by the intervention of Federal troops, we will , demand the establishment of law. and ,Ae will take steps to ini'iate the re peal of the infamous decisi"n bv which 1 Mother Jones was imprisoned shame ilssly Your help is neJed " ! One thousand women responded, soma- i with babies In their arms. They sent a rommlttee to summon the governor to I meet them in the asssemblv chamber. He was very husj. but trev might tell him their wishes The replv was firm, that they woud wait his pleasure, but he must accompanv them to meet the women. The lieutenant-governor tried to intervene and get the women to leave the office. They were respectful but de termined. How splendidly rings the de mand of their spokeswoman. Senator! Robinson- "lov Ammons. the women of Denver5 summon jou. The women of Denver, do rou understand"' Here spoke the power of the ballot. , and the governor understood, and did as the women bade him They told hiin what they wanted, and sent a com-j mittee to see that he carried out theirl bene-. Very reluctantly the governor yielded point bv point. First to tele graph th President to see If Federal aid would be sent If needed, and then, to ask that It be sent at once. Theru was the rommlttee In his office and the thousand women waiting, and they never let up on It until they had seen the appeal and knew that It was sent off. Then they sang, women-like. "Pralso' Ood from Whom All Blessings Flow." ' I Thrr Rrfnse Defeat. I It was a twelve-hour Job before they' could so home and know that the Stat would be safe. Hut this was not all. The women forced, Gov Ammons to appoint Alma Lafferty on the peace commission. But when the commission met Mrs. Lafferty was not notified. So the women went again and, besieged the governor for eight hours, until they made him see that this com. mission recognized Mrs. Lafferty as one of its members. Then Justice Musser met the women, and oh. es, he was -ery glad to have Mrs. lafferty on the com mission, but it was not going to Trlnl. dad. and was not going to do anything. Checked, but not checkmated, the women, said they would send their own commit tec to Trinidad to Investigate the condi tions. They chose Mrs Alma Lafferty, Mrs. Lee Champion, nnd Mrs. Evangeline Hearts: raised the money for expenses, and made the governor give them the necessary official authority. Now we will lethlnc doing. Chief Justice Mus ser tried to discourage them, saying they could do nothing down there. "Oh. yes we can." replied Mrs. rtaffer ty, "but if we can't we can. have another meeting at the capltcl." CLARA BEWICK COLBY. MAYOR'S WALNUT-Oil. Ono Bottle Compound HAIR DYV ior euner nair or Heard, 1 fri1rfsM-, tMatnl pnJMt. nltafcU Mfs-vrfsJpl-, . Ml far 30 yn t tiisMMtvd ! still pr&lM ud miwm It4 U a frial utiBaUla tftm UdlM. , ft4 kIrdrMeflra. SaaapaalifftjrtrW tag U lMilrva M3wialrrrmxKl Cetera a4! badea t daapaat black Itta aataraa vtthaatatalBlaffiktB. kaepskairbMtlfalf aft. KaJtraaimd.caaaMMU,atri4lv14r aaarlsMi siihI tale Tata flitl . RIOITMBB &M WttracivlMsrs1lmtflraaji a trr Mali ta3 TMAO MARK yswT aidraaa. Trial titt, 60a. 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