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THE WASHINGTON HERALD. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER U, 1914.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD, PUBLISHED EVERT TJORNINO BT THE WASHINGTON HERALD COMPANY - Xcir York Aveue. TIeaime HATJt CXUSTOW T. BBJUIfArtD, President am Editor. ADVERTISING HEPRESEJVTATnrB3l HASDROOK, STORY, AND BROOKS, INC, , NEW YORK CITY.... CHICAGO. ILL WMTT-ATJETPHIA. PA. ATLANTIC CITT, N. J, a K. ABBOT, Bartlett Blag. tnm. ....... Y,.tlAtr T rbunVa nM T311i41,11 WVV " V4 M.........B uutuai iiie tiuuauis SUBSCRIPTION BATES BT CARRIER; . Dillv and Sunday........ ...45 cents per month Dally and Sunday 5.0 per year Dally, without Sunday.. ........ .25 cents per znonra SUBSCRIPTION RATES BT MAIL: Dally and Sunday 45 cents per month Dally and Sunday., ............ .15.43 per year Dally, without Sunday 25 cents per month Dally, without Sunday ..... .13.00 per year 6unday, without Dally 12.40 per year Entered at the postofflce at Washington. D. C second-class mall matter. MONDAY. SEPTEMBER 14. 1914. Also, let there be a war tax on gossips. It appears that sugar will attract a Bull Moose. ft is enough to make the Belgian bare stand on end. The law of gravitation does not apply to the cost of living. Excessive government red tape will make the tax payers feel blue. It will soon be time for you to put 'em back on, if you can find 'em. We know a house girl whose name is Pearline. And she is not one of the Gold Dust Twins, either. Kings would be more popular if it were not for the fact that so many of them have been knaves. A man always wants to go to a party when he hears a woman say she hasn't got a thing to wear. Meuce m tie Freight Tax. It is not at all surprising that the, Democratic party is badly- split over what to tax to make 'up the $100,000,000 ,deficit in the customs revenue's for which the war is largely responsible. When thel levy is made no one in the country will be pleased except those person whose purses are not touched, and considerations" of justice dictate that they should be few in number. Representative Underwood is represented as de termined to make the President bear the full share of responsibility for the new taxation measure, and the country may be sure there will be no rivalry among our statesmen for the honor of having the bill bear their names. It will win no. votes for any one having anything to do with it. President Wilson is reported as faovring a 3 per cent tax on railway freights, a proposal against which most of the antagonism in Congress is di rected. If the President's position" is correctly stated, it is not easy to reconcile it with the view that he is supposed to entertain that the railroads are entitled to measures of relief from the danger of dwindling revenues. While a 3 per cent tax on all freight might. not make the transportation rate excessive,' and its imposition might as The Herald pointed out the other day be regarded as a confes sion that rates are at present none too high, such a tax for the benefit of the government would seem to preclude the possibility of affording the railroads Telief in the form of increased freight urais. ny sucn aouoie advance would be un justifiable and would not be given consideration. With transportation conditions continuing as at present something must be done before long to add to the revenues of the roads, unless they are to be thrown into the hands of receivers or purchased by the government. In the construction of the new measure of tax ation it is to be hoped the administration will not bar the way to doing justice to the railroads later, by placing a penalty on the movement of freight The place that Gen. Sherman made famous will have to hustle if it keeps pace with modern war. And don't you -think the children ought to pay a war tax for every day they stay out of school? Our private weather prophet tells us that there will be a cold day for the Bull Moose in November. One of the Armours said the other day that busi ness is a game. Yes ; and he plays it for high stakes. The Bull Moose who expects to carry Louisiana this fall is not an optimist he is just a plain sim pleton. President Wilson probably said, "Tutl tutl" when he heard that the allies had been using dumdum bullets. The men who says he caught that big fish last summer will soon be telling how many birds he. killed at one shot. We suppose that after this a young man who com pletes a college course in the capital of Russia will be called a Petrograduate. In view of the results accomplished by their peace parade, let us all hope that the women of New York will have a war parade. Life is just one thing after another. The women are coming home from their summer trips and are demanding winter clothe. Roger Sullivan has been nominated for the Sen ate in Illinois, and we are anxiously awaiting the next issue of the Commoner. Cotton Trade with China. Just at this time, when every effort is being made to bolster up the price of cotton, a bulletin issued by the Department of Commerce giving the result of a recent study of Japanese cotton manufactur ing, shows that the Southern growers hae other troubles to contend with than the European war. It seems that Japan, India and America have been the chief suppliers of coarse cottons to China aside from that made by the latter's own mills. But a few jears ago we exported about twenty million dollars' worth of coarse cotton to China every vear. This profitable trade was so sadly disrupted by the late revolution in that country that many Southern factories devoted to the ex clusive make of that class of goods had to shut down. It will need the most strenuous kind of work on the part of the American growers to regain this lost trade, as Japan, with her cheap labor and long hours, is in the field as a competitor. The product turned out. however, is not the equal of that furnished by this country, being made of a mixture of cheap Indian, Chinese and American cottons. Now is the time to make an extra effort to get back this lost Chinese trade. One of the European correspondents tells of Em peror William being "alone at Nancy." Don't you think Nancy ought to have a chaperone? An exchange remarks that Cole Blease has been added to the country's rather small collection of great ruins. He is a ruin, all right, but he is not great. A town of 4tooo inhabitants in Peru has been wiped out by an earthquake, but very few news papers found room for an item about it on the front page. Three trans-Atlantic liners with 3370 passengers on board docked at New York on Saturday. They will be going back again in a few davs, probably loaded with American wares. Prosperity can't be delayed much longer. 1 Secretary Bryan says the war era has ended in the United States and is drawing toward its close in foreign lands. While everybody will earnestly hope that the Secretary is rigty, it is difficult to discover any sound reason for believing it According to the latest estimate it only costs something like $3,000 to kill a man in war and as the total expenses of the war are placed at $30,000, 000 a day it is obvious that the money limit can not be expected to keep the death lists down. A back-from-the-war American declares that on three occasions he managed to get by German soldiers by presenting a safety razor guarantee as a passport If German soldiers are as ignorant as that about our safety razors, manufacturers ought to take the tip and send some commercial travelers orer when the war ends. Carranza telegraphs to Washington that Villa is working in "genuine subordination," and that in view of "his laudable and patriotic attitude and his high merits, I have just promoted him to the rank of division general." That doesn't sound like much of a job for such a man, and Villa may be expected to promote himself to a better one before long. "The Agricultural Department performs a service in calling attention to the excellent quality and low cost of American cheese, urging that the peo ple avail themselves of this source of food supply in their fight against the high cost of living. Now that the war is likely to practically stop our im portations of cheese, we will have an opportunity to become better acquainted with the superior Article which we manufacture at home, . - I President Can Only Listen. President Wilson will return to the White House from his sojourn in New Hampshire, which was far too brief to afford him the rest he needs, to face a trying week, which will include a visit from the delegation of Belgians who have crossed the ocean to place before the head of the great nation which is at peace with all the world allegations of atrocities committed in Belgium by the German army. Emperor William already has made the formal charge to the President of the ue by the French of the deadly dumdum bullet and has accused the Belgians, including women, of inflicting cruelties on wounded German soldiers, doctors and hospital nurses, and President Pomcare of France has sent denial to Washington of the use by the French of the dumdum bullet and made counter charges of cruelties against the Germans. President Wilson no doubt will receive the Bel gians, but bejond listening to their representations there is nothing for him to do at the present time. He will not even be called on to satisfy himself as to the accuracy of the various rhariv and ,.. charges, and if he were he would find it a diffi cult task. The President can only listen politely and stick resolutely to the praiseworthy rules of neutrality and impartiality which he has laid down for all Americans. When the war is over these questions of violation of The Hague conventions and other questions growing out of the conflict will have to be settled. The great significance attached to the journey of the Belgians and the charges and denials by France and Germany is the extreme anxiety on the part of the powers at war to establish-themselves worthy of the good opinion of the people of the United States. These developments were not at all neces sary to impress upon us that, in the tremendous work of concluding peace, which we would elarlk- hasten, this Republic must perform the principal jmfu it win can tor all the statesmanship and diplomacy at our command. Until called upon to render mat great service to humanity there is nothing for this government to do but to maintain its attitude of strict impartiality that its usefulness may not be in the smallest degree impaired. Picking Out a Hard Job. A man is running for the Democratic nomination for Senator in New York whom no one in i;t,V in the Metropolis has ever heard of. His name is James S. McDonough and he sas he entered the contest for the purpose of demonstrating the ef ficacy of the direct primary. He says he is slew ing that an individual may, by filing a netition he- come a candidate without political backing. He wants me people to see the power they have. .ur. .vicuonougn certamly seems to have a keener appreciation than most politicians of iust what direct primary is and is to be commended for his spirit Washington ought to wish him well because ne once practiced law here, but his friends will have to admit that as an unknown in the political field he has set himself a hard task in runninfr for Sen. ator in New York and they will hardly hope to see mm leading xne iieia in tne primary. Msdera Warfare, Br ALEX AND ETTt MLUME. The, nineteenth century received, from its prede cessors the horse and bequeathed to its successor the locomotive and automobile; it has replaced the goose-qutll with the typewriter; the scythe with the mcwiiig machine; the candle with the arc light; the flintlock with automatic Maxim suns. . No finer example of this progress exists than the modern battleship, which contains the most 'mar velous and intricate mechanical 'contrivances of its age. lo keep pace witn tne constantly changing installations and inventions which relegate a first- class battleship to the junk heap in a short decade involves a tremendous expense. The total cost of all the vessels of the United States navy, built and building under appropriations for "increase of the navy," to June 30, 1913, is $477,872,952.35. The total expenditure for maintain ing the navy since 1883 has been $2,000,000,000. The appropriation for the present fiscal year is $139,-9&M33-61 The cause for this great outlay is readily per ceived when it is shown that it costs about $800,000 to .maintain in an efficient state a single battleship for a period of one year. IJ-t Americas expenditure is completely over shadowed by that of Great Britain, the leading naval power. For the fiscal year 1013-14 Great Britain's naval estimates amount to $235,213,498, of which sum the cost for new construction is $77,062,162. Germany's naval budget is $112,037,576. France appropriated about $100,000,000 for naval purposes and Japan pi eposes to expend $50,000,000. Russia's naval .esti mates for 1913 amount to $118,643320, an increase over the preceding year of more than 30 per cent Italy's estimates amount to $50,000,000; Austria Hungary's $28,959414. (Office of Naval Intelli gence.) There is no hint of cessation, even temporary. in the naval programs of the great powers. The entire world is carrying on an extensive building program which means that in each successive budget for future years there will be an increase! It is an arithmetical progression. Thus, Great Britain has unJer construction 25 major battle craft and 66 minor, torpedo boat destroyers and submarines; Germany, 13 major units and 24 minor; United States, 5 battleships and 42 minor craft: France, o r. and 23 smaller craft; Japan, 7 battle ships and cruisers and 4 minor vessels; Russia. 11 major units and 67 minor; Italy, 10 cruisers and 21 minor units; Austria, 4 large craft and 38 minor. The total cot for the naval establishments of the eight leading world powers for the year 1913 approximated $1,000,000,000. When it is taken into consideration that there are at present building, or authorized, 54 battleships, 11 battle cruisers. 37 cruisers, 140 destroyers, 20 torpedo boats and 113 submarines, besides the necessary number of ten ders, colliers, provision ships, transports and auxil iaries, a colossal fleet of 3S4 vessels, it will be readily realized under what a tremendous burden of taxation the world is groaning. And this takes no accojnt of the cost of the vat armies of the world. But there is an additional item; the funds for pensions. The United Stato, which maintains the smallest standing army of major nations, never theless has expended more than $4x00,000,000 on pensions since the civil war. In 1912, the total disbursement for pensions was $152,986433.72. a greater item than the total appropriation for the navy The theory that a powerful army and navy are the best guardians of peace has been utterly ex ploded by European developments. There is rapidly growing hostility on the part of thinking men the world over to the annual expenditure of thee great HISTORY BUILDERS. The1 Man the Newspaper Men Made Vice President- (Wrtttm Eirtr for The UrnikU ttr DR. S. J. EDWARDS. The late laaae H. Bromley, who for many years was a leading editorial writer of the New York-Tribune and was alio of national reputation by reason of his great gift of humor and the utilization of that quality In hla editorials, visited Washington in the spring of 1884. There was a meeting of one of the military or ganizations whose membership was made up of those who took part as-soldlers In the civil war, Gen. McCIellan was pres ent upon that occasion, and the fact that he had added to his military fame the civil honor due to his election as gov ernor of New Jersey was alluded to byl Mr. Bromley, In the course of these meetings I had an opportunity to have a little chat with Mr. Bromley, when I had known for many years and whom I remembered as the provost marshal of the eastern district of Connecticut at the time the draft for Union soldiers was In operation. In some way our conversation turned upon Henry Wilson, who died when serving as Vice President of the United States In the second administration of Oen. Grant Mr. Bromley said: "I don't suppose there was ever a more curiously acci dental nomination for Vice President than wan that of Henry Wilson. He was among the leaders of the United States Senate. He had Just been re-elected for a third term. He was quite as prominent as Charles Sumner, who was his col league, and very much more popular. He had been writing a history of the rise and fait of the slave power In the United States. and his seat In th Senate facili tated this composition. "Schuyler Colfax, as you will remem ber, was Vice President In the first ad ministration of Gen. Grant I never knew the reason why, but I was told by the newspaper correspondents at Washing ton that Colfax, although originally he had been a newspaper man, had In some way gained the 111 will of his constitu ents. The politicians learned that Gen. Grant was Indifferent to the selection by the convention of a candidate for Vice President. The fact was that Grant and Colfax, while maintaining studiously courteous relations, were not very con genial. Some of Gen. Grant's friends thought that Colfax had Presidential as pirations. V "All this Is preliminary to what I am about to tell jou. When the Republican ' national convention met In Philadelphia In the spring of 1871 to nominate the Presidential ticket, there was no excite ment, because Grant's unanimous renom Inatlon was assured. Some of the cor respondents went around among the poli ticians and Intimated that It would be Just as well Jf the convention did not re nominate Colfax They were asked who would be a Rood candidate Wilson had made himself very popular with the newspaper men. He was a man of simple manners, of frucal life, and a great read er of newspapers. He wss also a warm mend of uen Urant. The newspaper men suggested that Wilson's nomination would prove to be very popular. The politicians took that view, and Wilson was nominated, I think to his own re gret He would have preferred a seat In the Senate. When he asked to whom hi nomination was to be attributed, he was told To jour friends among the newspaper correspondents" (Oopjrwht. .Sit. lnK J Ednl. AH rights rc FSEIGHTCAX SERVICE. A Plan to tfrenra Continuous ,1'sc and Avoid Harvest HUailmxr, The subject of car-shortage has for years Interested railway omaau. cut as ret no general policy has been aaoptea. Every harvest season, and every season for the shipping or great quantities 01 winter fuel. And the railroads more or less unprepared because of a scarcity of cars. Thla condlton has led to many in vestigations and numerous recommenda tions. Tho Interstate commerce Com mission, several years ago, endeavored to correct the demurrage, rules, but some railroad men felt that thereby the situ ation was made more difficult J. R. Cavanaugh, an Indianapolis rail road man, recommends. In the Traffic World, the pooling of freight cars, that Is that a freight car clearing "house" should be formed to take over all the freight cars In the. country. Ownership would remain the same, but management Would be centralised. The clearing asso ciation would operate under the rules of the American Railway Association, would receive reports from every part of the country and would be enabled to act na tionally Instead of locally. The idea la to equalize, car Interchange. There are many thousands of cars Idle in one place when they are needed mi anctner. it would be the new association's purpose to remedy this condition. The proposal Is In line with Ideas ex pressed by other railroad men. It Is said that for at least two-thirds of the year 1CO.00O freight care stand idle on the sid ings. These represent an Investment of perhaps 8150,000.000. The average daily Journey of a freight car is estimated to be but twenty-five miles. Under the present complicated system of demurrage, it Is declared that, out of every nine days, a car Is in actual transportation service only two davs. The other seven days are taken up In loading, unload ing or storage One investigator, writing in the Tech nical World Magazine last year, gave It I as his opinion that there are too msnyVJ freight cars that Is, too much capital is Invrsted In this sort of equipment con sidering the returns. It la evident that the railroads lose millions of dollars an nually, because of the lack of system In car handling. Perhaps this loss has some thing to do with the "hard times" which the railroads are experiencing. Indian apolis New a Tomorrow Dr Kdwards Villi tell of I Bancroft's Tribute to a Famous Orator." Killing Off the Race. Prom the Christian era till the present time. as statists and historian tell us. there have been less than IW wariass jeare. Up to the middle of the nine teenth ctntury It was roughly computed that nearly T.OOO.OOO OfcO men had died In 1 battle since the beginning of recorded history, a number equal to almost five times the present estimated population of the globe.-Christlah Herald. Morning Smiles. Her Oivn Ontpat. Madge "You shouldn't say he s a con firmed bachelor unless you know MarJ"rie "But I do know; I confirmed him " New York Time Her llnpr for IVarf, First Old Lady Mv dear what do ou think of this war' Isn't it terrible Second Old Lady Awful' But it can't last long, the powers will surely inter vene. Punch. The Dnelir' Clntni tr Tame. v. oung Woman Uo her neighbor at dinner) "Guess who I met today, doc tor ' Doctor "I'm afraid I'm not a good guesaer " "You're tc modest Aren't ou at the top of your profession?" Life. A Doubt? rnmlilr. "Who was that tough-lnnking chap I saw jou with today. Hicks" "Be careful Parker' That was my twin brother." "By Jove, old chap, forgive me I ought to have known. 'Boston Tran script . Car of firm II j-. The latent Boston story is about a small child who fell out of a window A kind-hearted ladv came hurrjing up with the anxious juestion, "Dear, dear! How did vou fall" The child looked up at the questioner and replied, in a voire choked with sobs "Vertically ma'am ' Tit-Bits I f WSHMMMHN9aaa8ii it'1' doings of Society daughter of the family has lived most of her seventeen years of life In Wash ington, and under ordinary circumstances would make her debut next winter aihi.nstonUn t"the Wolcott New York City Include MrC James Dudley Morgan and Miss Ellnore Morgan, and Mrs. J. K. Hensley. Commander Charles B. if ev.. -ir a w X- ..4-...J fc. 1.l.t .., ft.I.f-.. . Vana fa. !.. .. tJ e - ' --, uicEituiiru me unue uu ujiuc6iuwu-i" tmrA mm; (wikdc(, ia-7 Wyoming The. Secretary of War, who has been having a short rest at his cottage at Sea girV' N. J., returned to town yesterday. Mrs. Garrison will Join the Secretary at their Connecticut avenue home for the season the last of this month. Rev. Dr. Ferguson, of Boston, who has arrived In town forthe marriage of Mr. Henry G. Ferguson and Miss Alice Lowe. daughter of Rear Admiral Lowe. U. S.- elect at dinner last evening at the Pow hatan. The company Included the respec tive families of the two young people. No invitations have been Issued for the wedding, which will beTnarked by great simplicity and attended only by a small family party. Mrs. Henry L. Roosevelt and children, who were at Chery Chase for the greater part of the summer, have selected a house on Hlllyer place, where they will be Joined by Major Roosevelt, now with tne American Embassy in Paris, on the return of the relief party sent out on the Tennessee. Dr. W. Jf. Custls and Mrs. Custis have gone to Atlantic City where they will pass a week or ten days at the Pen hurst ' I One of the largest Individual contribu tions to the Red Cross through their Washington headquarters was receive last week, when Mrs. Albert Halstead sent her check for 81.000. Mrs. Haistead's Newport, where she has an apartment coninDuiion was particularly gratifying. at tne Muenchlnger King Cottage, as it came from Birmingham. England.' where Mr. Halstead is now United States Mrs. Nicholas Longworth. who has consuL Mr. and Mrs. Halstead are both been the guest of Mrs. Richard Town well known In Washington, where, prior send, at Newport ended her visit Satur to the former entering the consular serv- day when she returned to New York.' Ice. they occupied an attractive home In; Mrs. Townsend will remain t her New Sheridan Circle. Before her marriage Port cottage through September. Mrs. Halstead was Miss Aileen Wilcox, I of Springfield. Mass., and Washington.) .M" Charles J. Badger Is at the Astor.! D. C. ! N'w York, awaiting the return of Rear' Aumiral Badger, from Mexico. Mrs. Augustus C. Tyler and Miss Edna TIer. after dividing the summer between Atlantic City and RydeL Pa., with the Kdward Marshalls, have returned to' t .h. Pi.'whieh'th... h,,, i.,.. ;;,l,h:ir. ?ome a. rort vr. Ga. After the past season. avenue, where he and hla family will u. nMuiunea tor tne season. Rear Admiral and Mrs. Reginald Nich olson, who have recently returned from several years In the Far East where Admiral Nicholson was In command of the Asiatic Squadron, have leased a house In Jefferson place for the coming winter. They are temporarily at the Brighton. Mrs. Nicholson, who is a Cali fornian. will have with her for the win ter, her niece. Miss Aileen Code, of San Francisco. The engagement Is announced from Minneapolis, of Miss Florence Quigley. of that city, and Lieut Ernest J Carr, U. S. A.. late of Washington, but now with his regiment at Laredo. Tex The wedding will take place in Minneapolis In November. Mrs. Robert Patterson, who on her arrival from Europe several weeks ago. went direct to Bar Harbor. Is now t Mr Morgan M. Matthews, who Is at. the Powhatan, accompanied by Mr and! Mrs. Albert M. Slefert and Mr Wilson Murray, motored to Washington fmmi a brief visit here they will continue on j to .ew lork,and return by steamship. Mrs. Benjamin Pilson and the Misses , ji' Valentine C. Schmltt. pator of St PHon. who made a short stav in town Joeph's Catholic Church, officiated at after passing the summer In' the White' noon Saturday at the wedding of Miss Mountain, have gone to Ashevllle. N. ' Marie K. Ricks and Mr Otto ' Brahler V.. for a stay of several weeks at the 'The ceremony . viinMiM h- tr, im. . . r . - -' "' Grove Park Inn. mediate relatives and a few close friends of the contracting parties. Directlv af'er the ceremony Mr. and Mrs Brahler left for a hone) moon to New York and At lantic City. After October 1 thej will E Mr. arid Mrs Robert T Lincoln have decided to remain through October at their cottage at Manchester. N. H. Mrs. Lincoln BccKwith and her children, who 'be at home to their friends at 633 are witn Mrs. HecKwitn s parents, win (street northeast return to the Washington home of the' The matron of honor was Mrs. Eliza family during the present month. j bejh Behrens. and Mr Emll P. Bnfhler. 1 a brother of the bridegroom, was best jiis una taivo. aaugnter 01 me re tiring Minister from Costa Rica, will not accompany her parents on their return home, but wilt remain in New York a pupil at the Convent of the Sacred Heart at Kenwood This third Dr and Mr. Harry M. Kaufman and Mr and Mrs. Harry King are late Wash ington arrivals at the Alamac Hotel, At lantic City. THE OPEN FORUM. Jacketed with nickeled copper or copper alloy, and that steel does not enter Into their manufacture The same hold trocrf Would Raise Tax by Increasing the 1 Ith ,h "patched- or partly jacketed ufii;... am 11 10 utiievcu inai no sieei (-nil m.t !! IV'Il. sums for the maintaining of a force that is provo-I Jn ,.. ,,.. J cative of war instead of tending to preserve the (manage to call your dog In the dark peace. . I "hen he can't see your fingers moving" The Real Dogi of War. Shakespeare's well-known line in "Julius Caesar," Let slip the docs of war." has now practical at well as figurative meaning. For both the French and Ger man armies have war does. "Let ehiens miliaire" and "die Kriegshunde," as they are respectively call ed, who are trained to act as scouts, carry dispatches and help to succor the wounded. London Chronicle. Italy's Dilemma. Italy's situation is about as maddening to Italy as it is to Germany. If Germany should win with Italy out, Italy would be whipped for having declined to help. If the allies should win with Italy out she would be punished in various wajs for her neutrality. And if she goes into the war she must stake her life upon her ability to choose the winning side. Courier Journal. Time to Deliver. e have pamphleted. sampled and advance agented South America for jears and years. What we want to do now is get some goods down there. Or it would almost pay to send down an empty vessel to bring some of their goods up here. For we must establish a basis of exchange. But what ever we do let us get the idea that the era nl booming is ended. Lhicago Post. Hating a Nation. Men talk of dislikinsr or "hatW wlmle nn;nn They "have no use for" French or Germans or Russians or English. It is a foolish feeling. If yoa have had the fortune to get acquainted with person of different nationalities you have found them fine and delightful. Occasionally jou may have come on a disagreeable one. Everv nation. even jour own, has such. But the chances are mat jour toreign acquaintance is sincere, honest, sj-rnpathetic and a good fellow. The man on the other side of the ocean wouldn't be so different if jou only knew him. The trouble is that you don't You lump a lot of disagreeable qualities together and label them by some national name and then denounce the nation. You may not like certain governmental policies abroad. You may properly object to illiberal or reactionary traits in the men in control But it holds true today as it did in the time of Edmund Burke, that it is impossible to draw an Inrli'etrr.er.t against a whole people. Kansas City Star. Ingenious Mute "I drum on a dog bis cuit with a bone "Puck. PBIZE SHIP LADEN WITH SILVER FOR KAISER IN PORT London. Sept 11 A dlpitch from Havre to the Renter Company ia"e "The Dutch vesel Fortuna. captured at sea. was brought into port today Her cargo, comprising ingots of ilver and a larse quantity of wheat, was de-tined for Germany THE WAR DAY BY DAY Fifty Years Ago. September 14, 1864 Hannibal Hamlin, Vice President of the United States, , Wat Serving at a Private Soldier in a Company of Maine Volunteers An Interesting Incident of Military Conditions in a Republic (Written expressly for The Washington Herald.) Tom Patterson Bobs Up. Thi Kaiser's protest to President Wilson iAm the alleged use of dumdum bulletsN by the allies may be just a roundabout -way of intimating that he is- nearly icady for jomebody to propose mediation. The Democrats of Colorado, in rjonular ,,,-..,,.. have nominated Thomas M. Patterson, now in his seveniv-iounn year, tor governor. If ir hH f been for him. according to current rennrt n1t,.- ford B. Hayes would never have been President of tne unuea oiates. ratterson was the Democratic delegate from the Territory whose activities in Washington resulted in the admission of Colorado to the Union in 1876, just in time to take part in the election that year. It was expected the "Centen nial State" would be Democratic as it had been as a Territory: but its first Presidential choice was "Haye and Wheeler," and without its three votes even South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana would not have sufficed to turn the scale Patterson is one of the cheapest demagogs that can be found in a day's journey. All the barbaric attempts of the baser elements of Colorado to make political favor by appeals to race prejudice particularly that against the Asiatic, have had bis' endorsement Boston Herald. Fifty sears ago today Hannibal Ham lin. Vice President of the United States, was serving as a private soldier in company Of Maine volunteers. While the Vice Presidet was not called on to go to the front, he was part of the reserve military strength of the country. His service admirabl Illustrates military conditions in a republic in which, In theory, all men are equal. Under the law. Mr. Hamlin could have put a "rep resentative recruit" into the ranks In hi stead If called upon to go to the front Considering his jears and station, he might have done that with propriety He dlil not choose to do so or to evade his militia duty, which developed upon him in the same manner that it did upon his fellow -townsmen enrolled In the same company When Company B of the Maine State Coast Guards was mustered into the United States service for sixty days on August 1. 1W1. It consisted of 100 men prominent In Bangor, one of whom was Hannibal Hamlin. Mr. Hamlin had been one of the first to enlist In the company, and he Insisted upon being enrolled In the ranks, living with the soldiers and being assigned to every kind of duty which fell to his comrades. Itninllii In Camp. The captain of the company was John S Rlcker, a thriving merchant The first lieutenant was Putnam -Walker, partner In a large lumber firm. The orderly sergeant was Russell S. Morrison, a You're getting what the government furnishes; what's good enoush for me is good enough for jou " Morrison attempted to tell the lieuten ant that he was familiar with the armv regulation, which forbade the issue of such stuff. ne was informed tht the food was good enough for sta-at-home. Sergt Morrison rowed hick with the rations and reported to the captain, who called Private Hamlin Into conference. The next day a squad commanded by Capt Rlcker. with Scrgt Morrison and Private Hamlin accompanjing it. rowed over to Kort Constitution "I Am Hie Vice President." A protest was dul made h Capt Rlcker on the rations, and he was sharp ly ordered to take ihem b.ick to his camp Capt Rlcker then called Private Ham lin and Introduced him to thn lieutenant as "one who is acquainted with the gov ernment treatment of soldiers as to sup plies," "I am a commissioned officer of the United States army." said the lieuten ant, with heat "Don't sou bring over any of your privates to talk to me ' Then turning to Hamlin, he asked: "Who are vou? Do vou know who vou are talking to" Hamlin, saluting In nerfeet order, re plied: "Yes. sir: I suddo" vou are mi superior officer, a first lieutenant of the regular army and commissary of this post. lo you know who I am Rate of Postage. To the Kdltor May I. through vour columns, respectfully suggest to the Con gress one method for increasing revenue that will be free from complications. prompt In effect, easy of collection, and that will distribute the burden more widely perhaps than anv other namely bv an increaxe In the rates of postage. The present rates upon second-class mall are notoriously and flagrantly in adequate to meet the cost of conducting the business, and this would be a favor able opportunity to advance them to something like a remunerative basis. The people, to meet the emergency, will not object to 3-cent letter postage The proposed tax upon freight receipts of the railroad companies Involves serious complications In collection: it primarily Increases the burdens of the carrier com panies which the President savs ought to be lessened, so far as it can be passed along and distributed It falls upon a class, the shippers, and largely upon the farming interest. It amounts- to a special tax upon cot ton, and agricultural products that will be felt especially In the South, where the struggle now is to know- how the farmer is to realize the cost of raising and pick ing the cotton crop An Increase In the rate of letter po't ase will be slightly felt bv the poor, or by the farmers, they are not the great purchasers of stamps, but the bustnes houses, Thev will add their increased expense to ihe price of goods. Then the rates upon parcels post are ridicu lously nw for short distance and small packages When we purthase stamps we are not paying a tax, we are paving for a se-vlce. a dire:t ervice rendered to us. and the service wc receive from the postofflce at this time is too cheap, and all will cheerfully acree to pay 3 cents for letter stamps to htlp the government in this emergent If the t'onsress will cut the outrageous river ad harbor bill squarely in two: In crease the liquor mm tobacco taxes, especially upon cigarettes, all that the business will stand nmfortablv . and raise the postnge rates, they will have sufficient rev enue directly laid, easily collected, wldelv distributed, and lightly felt bv those who pav the bill W W. BALDWIN. Burlington. Iowa, Sept 11. 1911. emplojed In either the case or projeefle The expression "steel Jacketed seems to have come Into use through Its fre-1 quent appearance In modern war cor respondent and novelist stories. Jack London, among other prominent writers, showing partiality to its murderous flavor. "OBSERVER New York Hotel Arrivals. New York. Sept. 13. Washmgtoniars are registered at-hotels here as follows: Hermitage II. L. Bussell. Navarre M. Franklin. Mrs. W.,R. Page T. F. Nelson. L. Townshend. J. C Walter E I- Hewitt. Latham H. L. Hurxthal. Murrav Hill H P. Keenan. J L. Kanick. Bristol J. O Rouke. Normandle R L. Thomas. Mrs. R I. Thomas. Walllck K. A Green. T. Wasserbach. Earllncton J A. Hennesy. Albemarle Mrs. C G. Sheehy. Park Avtnue J M We: hen it Herald Square J W Donnellv. Great Northern Mrs B A FUke. Richmond Mls X Hamlin. Miss H Hamlin. Empire E. Loomis. Anoma Miss U Meehan Mis' M R. Mee han Cumberland Mri F J Peynad St James R. G Rankin. Martha Washington D Stevens. Longacre L. Tnplett W. R. Wedder spoon. the Dumdum Bullet. T" the Editor In connection with the discussion of how the dumdum bul let is different from the steel and the description of modern small arms bullets, the following comnv nt may prove of timely interest Investigation pnbably will show that such bullets, both sporting and military, and for pistol or rifle, have a lead core. Merchants and huyers registered as fol lows. J. A. Hobson. 331 Fourth avenue A Line o' Cheer Each Day o the Year. (Wri'ten Exrrteslr for The HmM.1 By JOHN KE.NDRICK B.VNOS. GOSSIP. (CopjTijht. 1911 Learned an awful thing todav "Bout my neighbor up the wav. Thought 'twould -e a lot o' fun Tellln" It to every one Then a selfish notion came I confess It to mv shanve V-.'hat's the use o' harln' this Bit o' gossip full o' bliss? Better keen that bit o pelf Just to grin at by yourself. And the more I kept It so Twice as good it seemed to grow. Wherefore, friend, 'tis my advice. If you'd make the most of spice 'Bout jour neighbor, old or young. Do as I did HOLD TOUR TONGUE' wnoiesaie grocer. r reuencjt . .Appje-i m,- ,.,,. . ., ,. . . ., ton. son of the chief iustlce of the Maine L?.6 ? ' dfln't', a"d ""PhaUc c, r-,. tvnuo h w-.r- , -NO- ' don t know, and I dent want t ""l"""v ' """. r ""r,r,V"V WOW. I don't care .1 d many years prominent In municipal af-l fairs at Bangor. Eben Stevens, the best gold and sliver engraver In the State, and other well-known men were In the rank and file of the company. The company went Into camp at Fort McClarj. KIttery Point Me., across the Plscataqua River from old Fort Consti tution, which then had a small regular garrison AH commissary supplies for the Bangor men were to be obtained from the forfj a fact which led to an Incident that would have been impossible in any coun--J try other than the United-States. riml Rations Received. The supplies furnished the volunteers were found to be bad, and Sergt Morri son, who had charge of the commissary department of Company B. protested to the young lieutenant at tne tort whose duty it was to Issue them. are" -n to who you "Well, slr.l rejoined Hamlin, "as vou were polite enough to ask who I am. jou have a right to know My name is Han nibal Hamlin, and besides my duties as a private soldier I am Vice Prtsident of the United States. These men here and the rest of the members of the company are every one my friends. They are do ing a necessary and useful military duty, as reallr as anv remilar nrmv men IThey are entitled to as good rations and , lair treatment .as .any branch of the military service. They will receive this, 3f not at your hands, then at another's. r ""J. you nave not given me j-our name." The remainder of the scene may easily be filled In. The rations of the Bangor men thereafter were ample anc gooc. ai mo end 01 ma tour of tluty Private Hamlin returned to Washington to m. rn rfnv Cant Rlcker ordered the ser-iP'e'o his term of office as Vice PreI. geant and a squad of men to take tbejdent- supplies back and reject them. The lieu- ... lOowtfcht, Bio . tenant aaid: j """"" Mosby Wounded. SACRIFICE SALE POSITIVELY THE LAST WEEK OF THIS SALE. Come early and get best choice It will be a good Investment, even If vou do not need a refrigerator until next summer. You save 60qj. by buying now. Service Refrigerators are the highest grade refrigerators made only high quality merchants handle Service goods. At the present cut prices these refrigerators are being almost giv?n awav. SERVICE REFRIGERATORS Will go on sale at a price less than it cost to manufacture them. No dealer I in this country ever bought these High-grade Refrigerators at the-e jiiiira .... UVun.. .. a.,,......, w iii py you la ouy a icinboiw now- and save about CO per cent over the guaranteed retail price, SOaOO REFRIGERATOR GOES AT IXtOO. STS.OO RCFRIGEBATOn GOES AT S30.00. tso.OO REFRIGERATOR GOES AT S38.0O. Other sizes and styles at equally great reductions. Service Fireless Cookers will also be sold at a sacrifice todav Come and see these wonderful Fireless Cookers being demonstrated. We will roast an right-pound roast of beer in two koura, without fire, at a cost of one-half of a eeat. Bake cakes, biscuits, bread and boll all klads of vegetables as quick as on a gas stove, at a saving of so per eeat of fuel. 40.00 COOKERS GO AT S33.0O. SJ&OO COOKERS GO AT 154)0. 23.00 COOKERS GO AT 15.00. TRAVERSE CITY REFRIGERATOR CO., 814 G St. N. AV- '). '? -lriC. i. -,.-d6j.lJs.jvqSa!LU Si ,j?md5e&tof &&&&?.. u.-..-,. ;hiLi$L ;i. ).