Newspaper Page Text
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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
IN WASHINGTON .
WASHINGTON, D. O.. MONDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1914.
HOLLAND WILL REFUSE TO SEAL SCHELDT,
OPENING WAY FOR SEA ATTACK ON BRITAIN
week. Bay nw, wear cat
tsa, Wp Amtry.
Tyler Second Choice for the
Braves and Shawkey for
FRENZIED DAYS IN HUB
Mackmen Sit About Hotel and
Think While Conquerors
SOME SAY DEAL BLUNDERED
Baseball Men Contend He Didn't Mean
to Steal Third Was Caught Nap
ping and Luck Saved Him.
Dr DABtoar ntxYoir.
BpEcUl to Tb Waihlagtoa Bnll
Boston, Oct. 11. On the Lone Island
shore of the Great South Bar. not far
from Jfew Tort, dwells a tribe of patient
and prosaic men who f6llow the waters
of the bay for a livelihood fishing, clam
digging, hunting and guiding
Some of these men have known no other
occupation for rising forty years, and
their fathers, and their fathers fathers
before them "followed the bay."
They are. for the most part, a gnarled
and weather-beaten clan with 6alty eyes
and straddling step and their knowledge
Jif the world without is not profound.
Just lilt and Think.
Of one of these men a city fellow made
Inquiry one day.
"What do you do in the winter?" he
asked. "Tou can't fish or hunt when
the bay Is all frozen over. What do you
do to pass away the time?"
The eye of the bayman brightened with
the glow of a pleasant retrospect.
"Why," he said. "In the winter we stay
at home and-sirTd-thinBrand some
times we Just sit."
In similar wise did the Philadelphia
Athletics while am) a dull Sabbath In
the camp of the enemy They remained
sequestered in their hotel most of the
daj and sat and thought, and sometimes
they Just st. The Athletics are not very
demonstrative b nature.
Thev would have created no wild dis
turbance ecn had thej come here tc
das as conquerors, for they are a do
mesticated body of joung men. and their
repression and restraint Is always quite
beautiful to behold.
nthulnim nana "Wild.
Tnda they seemed more repressed and
restrained than ever, and the general
agitation which seems prevalent through
cut the city of Boston passed over and
around them, and left the Mackmen quite
On the other hand, the Boston Braves
are b no means repressed or restrained.
Neither are they sequestered. They arc
as public as the postofflce.
As soon as they arrived home each
man remained In his rented room only
long enough to snatch a few winks of
sleep, and then he moved out where all
men might see and marvel. They took
prominent parts in the public discussions
and agreed with public opinion that It
looks like four straight.
We are referring to the Boston public
opinion only Boston is in such a state
of mind over what happened In Phila
delphia Friday and Saturday that she la
reeling off haphazard statements without
weighing a syllable.
The "cradle of the National League"
Is rocking wildly In a gale of enthusiasm,
and strange sights are promised when
the Mackmen and the Braves take the
field for their third game tomorrow aft
ernoon. Boston had one world's series cham
pionship team two years ago, but it Is
doubtful If the Bed Soz ever aroused as
much enthusiasm as Stalllngs Braves.
The circumstances were different, of
course, the ding-dong race through the
last days of the season were lacking to
some extent from the campaign of the
Braves, but In any event the old town
Is all In a heavy perspiration of excite
ment, and the hotels are packed, and It's
a big night tonight.
Produces ?o Tlrnl "Gout."
Up to date, this world's series Is not a
regular world's series, because It has
produced no "goat" worth mentioning.
A world's series must have both Its
heroes and Its goats, and Just at present
we are suffering from an overplus of
The unavoidable absence, of Fred
Merkle and Fred Snodgrass has certainly
taken a lot of life out of this party, and
there Is scarcely a soul in sight worthy
Several young menyhave been placed
In nomination for the odious office, and
one or two of the candidates appear
mighty promising every time they get
hold of the baseball, but so far they
OONTOfUED OS PAGE SUTE.
Attend Great Hacerstnwn Pair.
Baltimore and Ohio. Tickets good on
all trains Oct 13 to is, vaua ior return
until I7tn, xi.10. bpeciai irains irom
Washington, 7:10 a. m. Oct. 14 and IS.
jz.15. returning same aay.
Twenty Bombs Dropped
On Paris ; Cathedral Hit
Paris, Oct 11. Twenty bombs
were hurled upon Paris by Ger
man ariators today, lulling three
persons, wounding twenty, and
causing considerable' damage to
property. Two aviators, in Taube
machines, appeared almost si
multaneously homjht east, fly
ing low as soon as they were
above the city.
One of the bombs fell near the
Northern Railway terminal and
another in the Rue St Lazare.
The mortal effect of the bombs
was felt in the Faubourg St An
toine, where the bombs struck in
a crowd returning from church.
In the Rue Lafayette and at
other points where the bombs
struck the material damage was
The Notre Dame Cathedral
was struck and slightly damaged.
A bomb struck the roof of the
north transept at the point where
it meets the roof of the nave.
The guardians of the church
would permit no one to see the
spot, but it is said a large hole
has 'been made in the parapet
and roofing, as a pinnacle is
broken away, while many bullets
and fragments of shells are em
bedded in surrounding material.
One bomb fell just behind the
cathedral, close to the residence
of the Archbishop of Paris. AH
told four bombs were thrown in
the vinchuty of Notre Dame.
All places struck were within
a circle in whah is the-tart-f
the city. The most central place
of all was the vicinity of the
Bourse. Here a bomb set fire to
a house, which was not greatly
One projectile fell in the Pal
ace de La Republique, near the
barracks of the Republican
guard; 'another in the Rue da
Rocher, near the Gare Saint
Lazare, and a third struck the
coal depot near the Gare du
Another fell in the Square
Voisin, but caused little damage.
After the aviators had exhausted
their supply of projectiles ser
tral French machines took the
air and pursued them, chasing
the Germans toward the east
Death of the Sixty-second
Congress Marks Exit of
SOME GO "HIGHER UP"
Vaulting Ambition. However, Leaves
Other Picturesque Figures Moaning
at Bier of Political Hopes.
By JIlSKPII P. AXNIN.
The death of the Sixty-second Congress
left a number of the most picturesque
members of that House in the lame duck
class. The present Congress the Sixty
third has been the stepping stone to
higher or more coveted honors for many
of its members, and several others will
be absent from the House In the next
Congress because they aspired to elective
Jobs they didn't get.
On the other hand, the Sixty-fourth
Congress Is almost certain to contain such
notable "lame ducks" of the Sixty-second
as "Uncle Joe Cannon, William B. Mc
Xlnley. William A. Rodenberjj and John
A. Sterling, of Hlinols, and "Nick" Ixrag
worth, of Ohio, from present Indications
in the districts in which they are running.
Follows the Lame Dnck I.Ut.
Here Is a partial list of the members
of the Present House who for one cause
or another already are eliminated from
Oscar W. Underwood, majority leader,
and the most conspicuous member of the
present Congress, whose term as a mem
ber of the Senate from Alabama com'
mences March 4, ,1315.
Richmond Pearson Hbbson. who wanted
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO
FOR LAME DUCKS
Statements Given Wilson As
serts Rules of Humanity
Were Ignored Openly.
VILLAGES WERE BURNED
Nancy Prefect Says Teutons
oiaugnierea reopie ana
Burned Their Homes.
DUMDUM BULLETS ARE FOUND
One French Nurse Tells How Her Com
panions Were Killed on Field
While Aiding Injured.
The Herald is enabled to present here
with the texts of the documents formally
presented to the State Department by
Ambassador Jusserartd, which contribute
the evidence on which France bases her
charges that the German Invaders of
France were guilty of practices in viola
tion of the rules of humanity and the
agreements of the civilized nations.
The evidence Is quite similar in form to
that filed by the Belgian commission
which came to state its case before Pres
ident Wilson. It consists chiefly Un re
ports by military and civil authorities In
the scenes of the nvaslon of France and
affidavits of citizens of France. The first
"According to a report of August 14.
1914. filed by the general In command of
the Army of the East, the Grrman troops
despatched a number of wc nl men
by shooting them point-blank, in the face,
as evidenced by the size of the wound:
other wounded men have been dellberat-
Jy -trampled upon and mangled by heel
thrusts; on the 10th of August the German
Infantry, Bavarian, sj stemattcally set on
fire the villages they passed in the coun
try about Barras, Harbone. Monhlgny.
Montreux, Parax. where In the course
of the action no artillery firing from
either side could have started the con
flagration, in the same region they com
pelled the inhabitants to march ahead
of their scouts."
Chnrice Undefended Flrrd Upon.
Another document, relating to the bom
bardment of unfortified and undefended
towns. Is as follows:
"On August II, at 3.30; August ! from
10 to li and August H. from 4 to .
without any previous summons or warn
ing, the open and undefended city of
Pont-a-Mousson was shelled by the Ger
man forces In the following manner-
"The bombardment was effected with
cannon mounted and masked on the other
side of the border. The airship soaring
above the batteries helped to adjust the
range. The hospital, a historic monu
ment, regularly Indicated by the Red
Cross flag, was especially fired at. The
shells dropped In the city killed seven
and wounded eight persons, all women
"One Is, at a loss to find the object of
this bombardment. It was not preceded
bj any demand to surrender, nor was It
followed by any surrender to or occupa
tion by the enemy's forces, which did
not even make their appearance before
the place. It then constitutes an act of
Say Condemned Ballet Used.
Another statement of the French gov
ernment regarding the alleged use of
dum-dum bullets is as follows:
"On August 10, 1914, after a fight be-
CONTINUED OX TAOB TWO
CIVIL WAR THREATENS
Present Campaign Results in Widen
ing Breach Between Congressional
Union and Rivals.
A civil war among the suffrage forces
now campaigning In the West Is believed
to be unavoidable. The National Ameri
can Woman Suffrage Association and the
Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage
have grown further and further apart
until they are now almost opposing each
other's work. The split-up Is the result
of a disagreement of opinions as to how
the votes fhould be won from Congress.
The Congressional Union believes In de
manding their right to ballot, and to use
cordve methods to force Congress to
realize that the right is theirs. The Na
tional American Suffrage .Association be
lieves In a more concervatlve method of
campaign, and aa one member of that
organization puts It. they believe In ask
ing rather than demanding.
The Congressional Union is opposing all
Democratic candidates for Congress In the
suffrage states at the next election. On
the other hand, the rival organization
scores this method, declaring that they
will be opposing some or their best
(1XO to Hnrperw Ferry, 11.23 Xartlns-
bnrg, SL50 Berkeley Sprlass,laad 2J0
Cumberland and Return.
From Washington. 8:35 a. m. Sunday.
Octo. IS, Baltimore and Ohio. Stopping
at principal stations on Metropolitan
Branch. .Returning same day. Adv.
Belgian Army Escapes Trap; Joins Allies
For Defense of Ostend; Antwerp to Be Made
German Naval Base; Von Kluck's Attacks Fail
MOVE ON COAST
Kaiser's Forces Will Try to
Take Belgian Ruler and
Entire Ministry Prisoners;
French and British to Aid
in Defense of New Capital
Enormous Stores of AD Kinds
Seized in Antwerp, from
Which Attacks on England
WiU Be Directed by Dirigi
bles and Submarines.
Special Cable to WaaaluaTton Herald.
London, Oct. 11. The Germans,
cheated of their chanceof cutting
off the retreating Belgian and
British army of defense in its
flight from Antwerp by the se
vere check administered in the sur
prise attack by Franco-British
forces at Quatrecht, near Ter
monde, now are advancing rapidly
on Osteiid in the hope of captur
ing King Albert and the entire
The Belgian field army, assisted
Dy large detachments of British
cavalry and infantry and part of
the British naval brigade, which
eluded the German flanking move
ment near Sefcaete, has made good
its retreat and the main body has
succeeded in reaching Ostend.
To Finn New Battle Line.
It now Is In a position to effect a con
solidation with the allies. As soon as
tills Junction Is a fact the Belgians, the
British and the French will form a new
battle line to the south and east of Os
tend for the defense of the new Belgian
temporary capital and resume the of
fensive operations against the German
lines In Belgium.
Refugees from Bruges and Ecloo, In
cluding many women and children, are
flocking Into Ostend. fearful of the com
ing of the Germans. They report large
bodies of Uhlans scouting In the vicinity
of these two cities.
Berlin dispatches report that the 300.000
troops who formed the besieging army
before Antwerp, together with the heavy
artillery used In the bombardment, will
be transported immediately to France,
and that Antwerp will be made to serve
as a sea base for a new campaign
against England, In which mines and
submarines will play an Important part.
Take Unite Supplies.
These dispatches also state that the
headquarters of the German general staff
officially announce the capture of Ant
werp and add that they cannot estimate
the number of prisoners taken.
"We took enormous quantities of sup
plies of all kinds." says the official Ger
man statement, and the German military
commander of Antwerp has warned the
people against cemmltUng overt acts
against the Germans, which will be pun
ished according to the laws of war and,
he adds, "may lead to the demolition of
your beautiful city." Personal protccUon
and immunity from property loss are
promised those who abstain from hosUIe
Prince August Wllhelm, the fourth son
of the Kaiser, was among the first to
penetrate the fortifications at Antwerp.
The prince sent an enthusiastic message
to the Kaiser, who replied, bestowing the
Iron Cross on the; prince and upon Gen.
Von Veseler. the German commander.
The losses sustained by the Germans
In the batUe near Terraonde, where they
were forced to cross the Scheldt under
heavy fire, were large. This probably Is
the first instance since the beginning of
the war In which a surprise attack has
been carried to a successful conclusion.
The presence of the French and British
allies In great force In this vicinity
had been hidden successfully, even from
A Reuter'a dispatch from Antwerp says
the few people whq remained In the city
during the bombardment are now shyly
leaving their cellars. The city is com
pletely occupied or Herman somiera.
The German commander, who Is quar
tered at the City Hall, has made Burgo
master Jan de Vos his adviser In the ad
ministration of the city.
The damage to the city by bombard
ment was not very serious as the tier
mans used shrapnel wherever possible In
order to save historic buildings.
According to reports from Brussels,
adds the dispatch, the siege at Antwerp
cost the Germans heavily. As early as
last Thursday five trains of forty wagons
each left with wounded for Alx-la-Chapelle.
It Is reported that a war tax of not
less than 20,000,000 sterling Is to be
levied on Antwerp.
Germans Cropped More Than
600 Bombs in Antwerp Siege
London, Oct, 1L German avi
ators and dirigibles dropped ISO
bombs an Antwerp during
Thursday, the day before the de
Dariaar the ales. It Is estimat
ed ffcat More than 600 bombs
were, rained down npon the city.
It Is Impossible to estimate the
FALL OF ANTWERP:
Official Statement Says Siege Lasted
but Two Days After the
RUSSIAN ROUT IS REPORTED
Snail CbU,to Tba VTMhtextco HrrmU.
Berlin. Oct. 1L By wireless to London.)
The following official statement was
"The city of Antwerp, with all its
forts. Is In our possesion. Main head
quarters reports that the Belgian gov
ernment .epted our offer to arrange
that all historical monuments in the city
be spared aa much as possible, and the
day before the bombardment a plan
showing the positions of the principal
architectural features of the city was
handed to the German civil administra
tion, through the American minister.
Copies of the plan were given to every
"The .greatest possible consideration
wan shown. The siege lasted only two
days since the first shots were fired
against the outer belt of forts on Sep
tember 17. On October 1 the forts were
stormed. The Nettie was crossed by our
artillery and Infantry on October C.
"On October 7, In accordance with The
Hague convention, an Intimation of our
intention to bombard the city was sent to
the garrison commander. lie declared
he would take the responsibility for the
bombardment and the shelling com
menced at midnight on October 7. Si
multaneously an attack on the inner forts
"Early on the morning of October 9
two of these forts were occupied by ut.
Later In the day the city could be en
tered without serious resistance.
"At the commencement the garrison
defended itself bravely, but was un
qual to the attacks by our Infantry,, ar
tillery, and naval division and fled In
disorder. When the surrender of the
city was negotiated no military could be
TThe fail of the last Belgian fortress
was due to the extraordinary fine work
of the attacking forces which the Kaiser
has acknowledged by awarding to the
leader of the Infantry. Gen. Von Veseler,
a decoration for merit.
"Conditions In Germany are absolutely
normal. No one would believe that the
country I In a state of war. All the
factories are open and busy. Theaters
and cafes everywhere are well patronized.
All trains are running according to
"It Is stated officially in Vienna that
another Russian attack south of
Przemysl yesterday was repulsed. There
after the Russian retreat became so gen
eral that the western front was evac
uated' CRICKETS EVICT FAMILY.
Even Teiai Fire Department Cam
tint Control Chlrpem.
Dallas. Tex.. Oct. 11. A call for the
fire department was sent in by the
family of Mrs. R. L. Blvthe. In Oak
Cliff. They had been run out of their
residence by crickets.
Firemen used the hose where tbey
could and killed many others of the
pests, but the relief wss only tem
porary. Later It became necessary to
summon the chief of the sanitary de
partment to get rid of the dead crick
ets. The Blvthe family killed more
than two large buckets of crickets
when they returned from a ride and
found their house almost covered Inside
WEDDED AFTER 48 YEARS.
Old SrrTthrdi-tn. Drlftrtl Apart,
Are at Lnat United.
Greene, Iowa. Oct. U. Mrs. MaryJCel
ley and Mr. Cartwrlght, of Michigan,
drove to Allison, where they were mar
ried by the Congregational minister at
the parsonage. Mayor Hesalroad and
wife accompanied them and were present
at the marriage ,
They were engaged to be married
forty-eight years ago, but for' certain
reasons were not. They drifted apart
and finally both married and since
then both have been left alone. Once
more they became engaged and now
after forty-eight yean are married.
Furious Infantry Attacks on
Both Wings of the Allies
Repulsed with Heavy
Losses, Paris Claims Ap
remont Held by French.
Germans Forced to Give Up
Strong Positions for Sani
tary Reasons Enveloping
Movement Against French;
Left Reported Defeated.
Special Cable to Washington Herald.
Paris, Oct. 11. Furious infan
try attacks and counter attacks on
both wings of the allied front were
recorded in official dkpatches from
the front today. In the fighting be
tween Arras and the Oise rivers
several desperate attempts were
made by the Germans to break
through the French lines, but with
no success. On the other hand,
the French succeeded in captur
ing a battle standard in a fiercely
contested infantry engagement
The enemy made a sortie in
force on the right bank of the
Ancre River, but the determined
resistance of the French line of
defenses halted their progress and
they were thrown back, leaving
hundreds of dead and wounded.
FichtlnBT Aronnd Apremont.
To the ease of St. MlhleL In the region
of Apremont. In the Woevre district, the
enemy directed a series of violent at
tacks night and day against the French
positions, and Apremont was taken and
retaken twice during the eighteen hours
Apremont now Is held by the French,
an appreciable success, because the Ger
mans here hsd recorded their first suc
cessful attempt to pierce the French
After a number of sharp engagements
the German cavalry, which has been in
possession of a number of fords across
the Lys and which held advantageous
defensive positions to the east of Aire,
were compelled to give way before the
fury of the French cavalry's charges, and
have been pursued to the region of Ar
mcntlers, whence they came.
In Favorable Pnaltlon.
Their retreat marks the failure of
enveloping movement directed against the
left wing of the allies. It Is the first de
cisive defeat administered In this great
est of cavalry engagements. The region
of Pteardy. which has been the center of
this great conflict contains vast stretches
of open country peculiarly adapted to
Night attacks by the Germans have
been repulsed to the northwest of Sols
sons and between Craonne and Rhlems
to the north of the Alsne, and between
the Oise River and Rhelms, slight prog
ress has been made. Apparently many of
the strongly entrenched positions of the
Germans in this vicinity have been aban
doned. This probably Is the result of
the spread of dlsesse among the troops
as the trenches they occupied are re
ported to hav become veritabl cess-pools
and untenable for sanitary reasons.
The war offlce sums up the situation,
which It savs continues favorable for the
allies, by declaring that the British and
French have held their positions every
where along the line.
JAPANESE ABOUT READT
FOR TSINGTAU ASSAULT
Collecting Heavy Siege Gun Ammuni
tion Cut Off Supply of Coal
Used by German Warships.
8pcdal Catae to The WnMnrtnn Hrrald.
London, Oct. 1L An exchange telegram
from Fekln says that the Japanese are
hastUy coUecUng largequanUUes of siege
gun ammunition In preparaUon for a
final assault upon Asingtau, roe lortress
of Klaochow, Germany's leased territory
In China, which Japan has set about to
restore to the Chinese empire.
The Japanese navy has located the
source whence German ships have been
able to obtain coal, thus allowing them
to keep to sea. The supply will now be
World's Series Game Today nt X
Cohunbt ntatrr, DltsMod Soontoud. Beats, 2c,
Anglo-French Fleet Sinks
Two Austrian Torpedo Boats
Rome, Oct. JI-. message
from Venice states that the Aa
aio-Freaeh fleet sank an Aus
trian torpedo boot off Graveoo
nd another off Roane escorting;
steamship laden with mnnT
tlona for Spnloto. The jcrenter
part of the crews In eaeh eaao
BRITISH AIRSHIP HIT
YET ESCAPES GERMANS
Matrix Who Fired Zeppelin Air Sheds
Came Near Meeting Death from
Bullets if Dusseldorf Soldiers.
GREY ALSO DROPS BOMBS
By ltCGH 3IARTIX.
Sr-Ul Cable to The Waablnrton BrnVl.
Ostend. Oct. 11 I have received from
an unimpeachable source the thrilling de
tails of the successful aeroplane attack
on the Dusseldorf airship sheds. Lieut.
R. L. G. Marlx, of. the naval flying
corps, in a monoplane, and Squadron
Commander Spencer Grev, with Lieut. V
Sippe In a biplane. left Antwerp on Thurs
day afternoon, following the bombard
ment of the city, and made for German
territory to do what damage possible be
fore being forced to retire.
Lieut. Marlx made for Dusseldorf. fly
ing at a height of 5,000 feet to escape the
German fire which was continual. He
succeeded lo. locating tba Dusseldorf Zep
pUn sheds, over which he circled three
times, dropping 1,009 feet during his rec
onnaissance. Then volplaning and des
cending at a speed of nearly 13 miles an
hour, he fell to a height of only 1,009 feet
above the hangars, releasing two bombs
when directly oier them.
The German response was a furious
bombardment with Maxims. The bullets
cut the steering wires of his machine so
that the rudder jammed. Also one of the
elevation control wires was broken. By
warping the wings it was still possible to
steer the machine in a wide arch and the
second elevation control wire held. The
wings of his aeroplane were pierced in a
Marlx saw the hangars were enveloped
in sheets of flame. He then returned
safely to the burning city of Antwerp,
which he was ordered to leave the same
Commander Spencer Grey was not so
fortunate. He was unable to locate the
Zeppelin hangars at Cologne, which city
he visited, but he dropped two bombs
Into the railway station, which was e
A Zeppelin last night dropped a bomb
in Ghent, near the south station No
damage was done.
SOUTHERN RAILROAD MEN
CUT THEIR OWN WAGES
Officers, from President Harrison
Down. Voluntarily Accept
The Southern Railroad's board of di
rectors has cut the dividend on the pre
ferred stock from 5 to 4 1-S per cent and
have declared the dividend pavable in
deferred scrip instead of cash. This an
nouncement was made:
"In view of the curtailment of service
made necessary by the current depres
sion of business and the consequent re
duction of the opportunity of many hun
dreds of employes to earn the wages to
which they have been accustomed. Presi
dent Fairfax Harrison, of the Southern
Railway Company has deemed that it Is
only fair that the officers of the company
should also share the sacrifice.
"He has accordingly reduced his own
sa'ary a) per cent and has asked all the
other officers receiving salaries hvgsu
cess of Z2.500 per annum to acccrtinmn
porary reductions on a descending scale,
proportioned to the amount of their
salaries, so as to distribute the personal
sacrifice equitably. Under the plan adopt
ed the pay of those receiving salaries
of aa much aa 12,700 will be reduced Z per
cent. The officers affected have all ac
cepted the situation with loyal apprecia
tion of the necessity In a spirit of mu
tual "While the actual saving to the com
pany on this account Is relatively small,
the principle of common interest of aU
those who draw their UveUhood from the
Southern Hallway Company has been the
"Following this acUon, the board of
directors baa reduced the dividend of
the preferred stockholders, many of
whom are 'women depending upon this
income, from 5 to 4 1-2 per cent, although
It was fully earned before the present
tendency of business waa apparent, and
has declared It payable not In cash but ia
deferred scrip: so that all Interests In
the. property may participate In XXa retrenchment"
MAY OPEN RIVER
Kaiser Preparing to Force
War Demands on Holland
and She Is Expected to Ac
cede to Passage of War
ships Through Scheldt
Nation Does Not Believe It
Her Duty as a Neutral to
Prevent Germans Using'
Antwerp as a Naval Base,
Special Cable to Washington Herald.
London, Oct. 11. It is reported
here that Germany is preparing to
force its war demands on Holland,
and that it will lay claim to the
mouth of the Scheldt, on the
ground that it is necessary as an
emergency war measure against
The Scheldt, which makes Ant-
werp one of the greates ports in
the world, is a neutral waterway
because of the fact that it flows
through Holland to the North Sea.
Holland has an army of 250,000
men on the active list with a re
serve force of '00,000; which it
can call upon to enforce its de
mand that its neutrality be re
spected. May Dm it Dnteta In.
t'tlllzaUon of the Scheldt for war pur
poses may draw Holland Into the con
flict, although one Dutch leader Is qubt
ed as saving that Holland does not be
lieve it her duty as a neutral to close
the passage of the Scheldt and that no
obligation rests on Holland to stop the
passage of ships between the North Sea
and the port" of Antwerp.
Realizing that Dutch hospitality la
being Infringed upon by the more than
600.000 m refugees who have flooded the
southwestern sections, to the great em
barrassment to the people and the gov
ernment. Baron von Schuster, the gov
ernor of Antwerp, tonight ordered all
the Antwerp refugees to resuraJSBeir
homes at once.
Despite the alarming condition which
exists In Holland owing to the lack of
railroad facilities for the transportation
of the fugitives, the Dutch government
has even gone to ilhe extent of com
mandeering automobi'js in which to con
ve the refugees northward.
311111cm Refugees In Holland.
Di-patches from Roiendaal say that
the refugees continue to arrive there on
their v to Holland and that their num
ber may now be estimated close to a
I'nofficlal dispatches declare that Ger
man requisitions of fcod supplies had
bctn so heavy that Brussels Is threat
ened with a famine, and that the United
States government has been requested by
Berlin to insure the revlctuallng of the
rivil population of Brussels, the distri
bution to be under control of the min
ister of the I'nlted States and the lega
CARRANZA MAN HEADS
CONFERENCE ON PEACE
Real Work Starts at Agues Calientes
Today Zapata Delegates Vote with
Villa's Men. Giving Him Control.
B Agues Calientes, Oct. 11 (Delayed by
ensor Contrary to expectations the
peace conference held Its first formal ses
sion In this city at S o'clock this after
noon. The only business transacted was to
elecf Antonio VillareaL governor of' Kue
vo Leon and a staunch Carranzlsta. as 1
president of the convention.
Gen. Isobel Rooers and Gen. Pantera
were elected vice presidents, and the con
vention adjourned unUl Monday morning
at 10 o'clock, when the serious work will
bo taken up. It was decided the con
venUon wculd be considered & continu
ation of the meeting at Mexico City on
October 1. Villa has appointed CoL
Roque Gonzales Garza aa his personal
representative, with full power.
The first session was marked by har
mony and good feeling. The Zapata, dela
gatts ToUd with those representing the j
division of the north. If this atUtuda ti
maintained. the northern chiefs will hav .,
a majority4 not only In the committee,
but they will be In a position to dominate
. X ."4fc'.
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