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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 18, 1914, Society Section, Image 19

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City Patrons
Hayner PrirateStock
Olr '
DeBoeredto any part of the city
HERE IS, without exception, the ercat
estralae oSeredeyjuybooM In Amer
lea rich, pure, dslldou whiskey of
the highest quility-diitilled, aged and
Bottioa-in-Bond coder Gorernmant super
vision and every bottle aealed with the
U. S. Governrnent'i Green Stamp over the
cork your asaaraace that it k fully aged.
full JOOt proof and full measure as good
and pure as it is possible to produce.
Call at our store get a quart bottle of
this good old whiskeys-take It home try it
you will find it every bit aa fine as we aay
it u and equal to any yoa can buy elsewhere
at 51.25 to I1.B0.
If it is not convenient for yon to call at
our store drop us a line or telephone us
and the goods will be delivered to any part
of the city end yoa can pay tho driver
when he calls.
Phone Orders Promptly
phone,,., 1209 Pennsylvania AveT N:W. WASHINGTON, D. C.
Jfayntr SkitHt
jjcfou au at i
Distillery uX Troy, Ohio.
Give Industrial Education to
Children Thrown Out
of Work.
Say Government Should Grant Women
Share in Councili Because of Their
Part in Bearing War's Burden.
In this outline sketch of Mine of the
events that have marked the recent rears
of militancy I have had to omit msny of
equal Interest I have not been able to
tell of the raid of the offices of tne W. S.
P C , of the seizure of the property of
Mr and Mrs. Pethlck-Lawrence aa offi
cer in the union, although It 'was after
they had severed their connection with It,
the pay for all the damages caused by the
window-smashing raid, non of many other
attempts of the government by unusual
and despotic methods to crush the women.
Nor could I give the thrilling Incidents
connected with the imprisonment of hun
dreds of women who have suffered as
greatly and borne their part as bravely
as any of the women whose names are
familiar to us.
But there is one form of picturesque
militancy to which I must refer, and that
is the tax resistance. There is a league
existing for this very purpose to enroll
women who are willing to have their
property sold for taxes. When a member
Is to be sold up a number of her com
rades accompany her to the auction-room.
The auctioneer is usually friendly and
ftajs the proceedings until some one of
the league has mounted the table and
explained to the crowd what It all means.
Here are the banners, and the room full
of women earning them, and it does not
take long to Impress upon the mind of
the people who have come to attend the
sale that here is a body of women willing
to sacrifice their property for the princi
ple for which John Hampden went to
prison that taxation without representa
tion Is tyranny.
Not of American Origin.
I always felt at home on these occasions
as I saw the familiar mottoes ranged
around. I had supposed they were of
American origin, as we had quoted them
'Tape's Diapeptin" Is the Quickest
and Surest Stomach
If what you Just ate Is souring on
your stomach or lies like a lump of lead.
refusing to digest, or you belch gaa and
eructate sour, undigested food, or have
a feeling of dizziness, heartburn, fullness,
nausea, bad taste in mcuth and stom
ach, headache, you can surely get relief
In five minutes.
Ask your pharmacist to show you the
formula, plainly printed on these flfty
cent cases of Pape's Dlapepaln. then you
will understand why dyspeptic troubles
of all kinds must go, and why It relieves
aour, out-of-order stomachs or indiges
tion In Ave minutes. "Pape'a Dlapeptln"
Is harmless; tastes like candy, though
each dose will digest and prepare for as
similation Into the blood all the food you
eat: besides, it makes you go to the table
with, a healthy appetite; but what win
please you most. Is that you will feel that
your stomach and Intestines are clean
and fresh, and you will not need to resort
to laxative or liver pills for biliousness
or constipation.
This city will have many "Pape's Dia
pepaln" cranks, as some people will call
them, but you will be enthusiastic about
this splendid stomach preparation, too, if
you ever take it for Indigestion, gases.
heartburn, sourness, dyspepsia, or any
stomach misery.
Get some now. tola minute, and rid
yourself of stomach misery andjndlgea-
Uaa in. flr rolauu. Adv.
' 1 1 1
Tobde,OUot lodlaaaswB. tod. I
In our suffrage work; but I found that
all the principles embodied In our Declara.
tlon of Independence belonged to an ear
lier struggle for freedom which had been
won on British soil, and exactly the same
as the women are waging now. The
women remain at these auctions until the
property of the offender Is disDosed of.
The kindly auctioneer puts the property
seized irora the suffragists early on his
list, or lets them know when it will be
The object lesson of the sale and the
subsequent meeting on the street corner
or In the nearest park carries the mes
sage to an outlying part of London, and
to a people who otherwise would know
nothing of the agitation. The discrimina
tion which the government shows on
every hand Is apparent In this matter
of seizing goods, for some are never
annoyed for their delinquent taxes, while
others are pounced upon with severity.
The league makes resistance systematic
and effective so that no effort Is lost.
Sometimes no one will bid for the suf
raglst's property and they carry it home
again, but the government cannot seize
it for that assessment. Of all forms of
militancy this is most logical, and It Is
one that women might well adopt every
where, as It was Inaugurated In America
when the Smith sisters of Glastonbury.
Conn., allowed their New Jersey cows to
be sold year after year under protest.
Mrs. Despard, sister of Gen. Sir John
French, who Is president of the Woman's
Freedom League, has been sold out re
peatedly, until she has around her only
the barest necessaries of life.
There is an Imperial tax for the non
payment of which the person and not
the property Is seized. Miss Housman,
sister of the distinguished dramatist,
Lawrence Houman, lives with him, but
owns a little property subject to the
imperial tax. It was only a trifle four
and six (Jl.CS) but she refused to pay.
Various processes were served upon her
until the sum had grown to about 13
She was warned repeatedly by the officer
that she would be arrested If she did not
pay, but she was obdurate. At length
the officer arrived to escort Miss Hous
man to HoIIoway Jail. He was very polite
and took her In a taxi, which cost exact
ly the sum of the original tax. (Here
It would have been for that distance the
sum of the tax and costs). Miss Hous
man was from day to day Interviewed by
various officials to get her to pay her
tax. which she declared she had no lnten
tlon of doing. The government was In a
quandary. There was a law to put Miss
Housman In prison but there was no law
to let her out until she paid the tax
and costs. The government offered to
knock off the costs and let her off with
the original four and six. Miss H6usman
was still obdurate. To all Intents and
purposes she was in Holloway for life.
To make capital of the situation and to
keep up her courage the Tax Resistance
League organized a procession to Hollo
way. I was extremely glad to be on the
spot and able to show that I was not a
fair-weather suffragist, for the weather
had been perfect on the occasions of the
five processions In which I had already
taken part In England, and this day was
rainy and the streets muddy.
It was a long trudge the four miles to
Holloway but many made it, and, to!
when we got In front of the frowning old
fortress the meeting that had been
planned for protest became one of vic
tory, for the government had weakened
and Miss Housman was free. She was a
very quiet, delicate woman who had
never taken any other part in the move
ment, and she made her first suffrage
speech tnis day under the walls of Hol
loway Jan.
Miss Housman has Just been called upon
by the board of Inland revenue to pay
arrears on her taxes, and she has again
expressed her determination to abide by
?uun constitutional duty in refusing con
sent to taxation without representation."
There Is a general movement among tax
reslsters to send their dues to one or other
by the national funds for relief labeled
"Taxes withheld from the government by
voteless women."
Jail Procession Frequent.
How many times had the women gone
to Holloway to welcome out the prisoners
on the day of their release! This was be
fore the days of forcible feeding and the
hunger strike which haa made It neces
sary to take away the tortured victims
in an ambulance and to a nursing home
as quickly aa possible. In the earlier
days they have often been met with
bands, sometimes the horses would be
taken off the wagon and young girls
.would draw it in a triumphal procession.
Then there was breakfast and speaking,
and everything to make It a gala occa
sion. iVaa present at one of these breakfasts
in Queen's Hall decorated with flowers
and banners and with tables for hundreds.
It was a queer sensation in those days
to look upon sweet and ladylike young
women I remember that on this occasion
one was the niece of the violinist Joachim
and to know that they had actually been
prisoner, it -was not long before they
were looked upon aa something sacred, as
those who had made special sacrifices for
the cause, and they wore badges to show
that they had been prisoners and In every
place were given the post of honor until
their numbers mounted up to the hun-
drexls. One, c their favorite banners
bears tha Inscription:
Out- of-Town Patrons
Express Charge paid by u
THIS IS a (pedal Introductory offer wo
are making to NSW customers only
and if yoa have sever tried Hayner
whiskey, we want yoa to try it NO W.
Send a 80 cents In stamps or coin and
thef all quart bottle of HaynerPrivateStock
Bottled-fo-Bcad whiskey will be shipped in
strong, sealed case express charges paid.
It's great equal to the finestyoa can buy
anywhere in America at fl.25 to (1.60 a
Bottled-in-Bond Whiskey of the choicest
quality sealed with the U.S. Government's
Green Stamp over the cork your assurance
It is fully aged, full 100 proof and fun
Order NOW order MORE than one quart
If yoa like yoa can depend upon it that we
wiu send yoa a quality that will more than
please yoa. 2
Fsbtre erim frea ewt-oteewi patross
cm for ter jH sere.
CO. - DepX - 196
.BmIm,Mwm at. torts. Ha
Capital asoo.ooo.oo Vol! Paid
"Stone walls do not a prison make.
Nor Iron bars a cage."
I came across the poem the other day
from which this is taken. It contains four
stanzas, written by Sir Richard Lovelace
In prison in the middle of the seventeenth
century. The balance of the stanza
quoted is:
"Minds Innocent and quiet, take
That for a hermitage.
If I have freedom In my love.
And In my soul am free.
Angels alone, that soar above.
Enjoy such .liberty."
We shall see In the next paper which
will deal with Lady Constance Lytton's
two prison experiences, that this l the
spirit that animates women In prison
even when undergoing tortures. They
are upheld by a sense of devotion to a
great cause, and they feel that they are
enduring this for the sake of all women.'
With such consecration there often
comes to such prisoners a development
of spirit that Is truly marvelous. All
ordinary values have slipped away and
the sense of personality Is lost In the
new sense of solidarity. They are at
one with all the suffering women and the
wronged women of the past and of the
present. I never talked with one who
regretted jhaving gone -through the tor
tures of the prison. They are the birth-
pangs of the new age.
Ride In the Waicon.
From this wonderful breakfast and the
Inspiring speaking I was privileged to
ride with the group that accompanied
the released prisoners to the suffrage
headquarters. Notwithstanding that the
young girls dressed In white and har
nessed to the wagon with their green,
white and purple ribbons, had drawn
the six women all the way from Hollo
way, they gaily took up the march and
drew the wagon the additional two miles
to St. Clement's Inn.
There was one young woman not re
leased with the rest because she had In
fringed a prison regulation and had
written a letter to her mother. She was
to be out a week later, and the same
demonstration was made for her, only
varied with elaborate use of the Scotch
heather which gave the colors or the
Union, white, purple and green. Again
the girls drew the wagon from Hollo
way and the young Scotch woman who
was being; escorted away In triumph bore
a banner with the words (warning Mr.
Asqulth) "Ye mauna meddle with the
Scotch thistle, laddie."
The women of England offered to es
tablish a hospital unit entirely under the
care of women, but the government did
not accept the offer. The French gov
ernment was willing to give official rec
ognition to the aid by women and the
unit was therefore established In Paris
and another In Belgium.
The copy of the last line of the previous
letter got mixed up so that I seemed to
say that If certain results came to women
as the result of this war that It would
Ibe "an excellent event." To others,
doubtless, as to the writer, this statement
must have seenjed like a stab, so sore
are our hearts with the sufferings of the
nations. But we must believe or faint
by the way that good will come out of
it. Unborn generations will get results
that could only come universally to man
kind from the sacrifices and sufferings
of the present.
One of the little things. In passing,
that will make for the betterment of the
future Is the establishment through the
efforts of the women members of the
London County Council of a scheme to
give Industrial education to boys and
girls between fourteen and seventeen who
are out of work because of the war.
In line with what I predicted would be
the change of sentiment with regard to
women is mis irom a icaaing article in
the Nation (London):
"It is Inconceivable that a nation which
has passed through this ordeal can ever
be content to shut the door upon women;
to tell them that they belong to
a separate order, and that no sacrifice
or heroism can better their condition.
All these lesser prejudices will be dis
solved, and no man who calls himself
by the name of Liberal will ever grudge
to women who have so heavy a share In
tne burdens of the nation, a share In its
responsibilities and councils."
London School Officials Chance
Poller of Male Instructor.
Sptdsl Cable to The VutinrM Herald.
London, Oct. 17. Over a thousand Lon
don teachers have volunteered for active
service, and It Is being found necessary
to nil ueir pieces in tne boys' schools
with women. This Is a policy which up
to the present has been steadily resisted
In London, but circumstances have com
pelled a relaxation of the usual rule.
The board of education and local au
thorities generally have made It easy for
teachers to volunteer, but this volunteer
ing has naturally accentuated the dearth
of teachers which has already been felt.
The board of education Is now turning a
blind eye on some of their most stringent
staffing rules. There Is. however, a big
reserve of women certificated teachers
who, have married. Many of these would
be quit willing to go back to the school
for the period of the warv -
Who Says "Vote Against
Democrats in Congress"
Congresstiil Ultra, Cen-
Hacifcg Canpaig. Nine
States, Defeiils Its Figkt
Against Party in Fewer en
Woman Suffrage Question.
Who are they who dare disturb th
political lines of nine States with echoes
of an Issue that has triumphed in those
States! Here come representatives of a
national organisation with a message that
tells of the Democratic party' public rec
ord against political freedom for Amer
ican women. Then with logic Incon
trovertible, they follow the exposure of
that record with an appeal to women
voter to withhold their support from
that national party by defeating Its can
didates for Congress. In other words, they
plead with the woman voter to "vote
for woman suffrage by voting against
the Democratic candidates for Congress."
The Congressional Union Is a nonpar
tisan organization of women all over the
United States. Its sole reason for exist
ence is the passage of the Federal
amendment that forbids any State from
disfranchising a citizen "on account of
sex." The chairman ,and vice chairman
of the union. Miss Alice Paul and Miss
Lucy Burns, organized the national suf
frage parade In Washington at the In
auguration of President Wilson, and have
ever since directed a brilliant work of ap
peal to the Democratic majority for the
submission of the Brlstow-Mondell
amendment. The present campaign pol
icy was adapted at a meeting of the ad
visory council held at Marble House,
Newport, the summer home of Mrs. O.
H P. Belmont a member of the execu
tive committee pt the union, and a South
ern woman of Democratic traditions.
Prominent In the advisory council and
ardent supporters of the campaign are
Mrs. Harriet Stanton Blatch, daughter of
the pioneer suffragist. Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, and president of the Women's
Polltcal Union of New York State; Mrs.
Florence Keller, famous for legislative
work for women In every State In the
Union, for year secretary of the Na
tional Consumers' League; Mrs. Harvey
W. Wiley, wife of the pure food special
ist; Mrs. Florence Bayard Hllle. the
daughter of Thomas F. Bayard, Demo
cratic United States Senator from Dela
ware, former Amba ador to Great Brit
ain and member of Cleveland's Cabinet;
Mrs. Ernest Thompson Beton, the organ
izer of the Camp Fire Girls of America.
No appeal ever made to women has
stirred them more than the Congressional
Union's campaign against Democratlo
candidates for Congress In the States
where women vote.
The greatest strength of the policy lies
In the fact that the evidence for the case
against the party now In power has been
spared by newspapers of the country in
the stories of the action of the Democratic
Executive and Congress when confronted
by the suffrage Issue. Seven times since
his inauguration the Democratic President
has refused publicly to recommend even
the consideration of woman suffrage to
Congress, and yet he has ardently advo
cated extension of the franchise to Philip
pine men. As a reminder of this well
known fact In the record of the National
Democratic party, the Congressional
Ur'on haa sent out thousands of hand
bills bearing Felix Mahoney's cartoon of
the party chief with two faces, the one
smiling upon the little Filipino, and the
other sternly refusing "to be cross-ex
amlned" by a woman asking for votes for
American women. The record of Con
gress, also. In the Judiciary and Rules
committees Is set forth explldty In a
leaflet, entitled "The Democratic Party
Record on Suffrage," To the Democratlo
candidate for Congress hss gone an open
letter which. In part, reads.
While we feel no opposition to you as
an Individual and appreciate whatever
sen lee you may personally have rendered
to the suffrage movement. It Is apparent
that your Individual Interest in suffrage
can avail us little as long aa your party
which Is now In control of Congress, con
tinues Its unfriendly attitude toward our
resolution We realize that ours Is a
party government and that the will of
the Individual counts for little when In
opposition to that of his party Since the
party which you support at Washington
prslstently blocks our amendment, and
since whatever your personal views on
the subject may be, you are not able to
make them effective owing to the oppo
sition of the majority of your party col
leagues, we are forced to regard you aa
an opponent together with the other mem
bers of the party.
"We are appealing, therefore, to the
women voters In your constituency to
who ha lust sent a message to the
Congressional Union for Woman Suf
frage, asking American women to
continue their fight tor the ballot. "Wa
verily believe," she say, "that the vote
will come when the war Is over. Thou
sands upon thousands of every fight
ing country are being killed, the wom
en dishonored, and the children
starved. Tet there Is a wonderful feel
ing among the women, lney curst
through and make themselves useful
la every, conceivable way," .
Hagical? Yes; Legitimate?
Yes" Is Answer Organiza
tion Gives to Cntkwm ef
Its Cenrse, and Arguments
Are Presented in Its Reply.
withhold their support from you as the
representative of a party which opposes
the political freedom of women.
"Wa are absolutely nonpartisan, and
would oppose the representatives of any
other party which was In control of the
government at Washington, and which
refused ta pass the suffrage amendment.
We appeal to the women voters to put
loyalty to their unenfranchised sisters
above party, and to show that no na
tional party which Is hostile to the suf
frage cause can continue to command
the woman's vote."
Appeal Goes to Women.
To the women has gone an "appeal."
To each State have gone able women
to speak, write and work In this new
and very practical campaign.
From California comes the news of r
local campaign committee with Miss
Charlotte Anita Whitney, of the ad
vtatory council, as treasurer Mis
Whitney waa formerly a vice president
of the National American Woman Suf
frage Association, and was president of
the Northern California College Equal
Suffrage League during the campaign In
which the surage a won In Cali
fornia. The committee Is made up of
Mr. Mabel Craft Deerlng. president of
the College Equal Suffrage League; Mrs.
Austin Sperry, president of the Susan B.
Anthony League, of California, Gall
Loughlln. Inez Haynes Gllmore. Mrs.
Mary McHenry Keith, president of Cali
fornia Equal Suffrage Association; Mrs.
Lillian Harris Coffin, president of the
New Era League. Mrs. Alice 8tebblns
Well, far-tamed a the first police
woman, of Los Angeles. Is a member of
the advisory council.
All these women are working with Miss
Lucy Bums and Mtsi Rose Wlnslow, who
have opened headquarters at 45 Stockton
street. San Francisco.
But the deeper effect of this new policy
based upon the new conditions is sug
gested In a letter printed in the last num
ber of the union's weekly organ, the Suf
fragist. The writer Is herself a woman
voter and a member of the advisory coun
cil. She says:
"I am convinced that tremendous good
will come out of this effort, both In the
East and In the West, this mutual under
standing. And it la loudly advertising the
weak point In the Democratic platform
The political effect will never be unani
mously agreed upon, but always subject
lor deDate, some declaring you did no
harm to the Democrats, but great harm
to the woman's cause. But the deep In
ner effect will be that the party leaders
In secret conference will decide to come
out for suffrage much sooner because of.
the trouble you have made him. and be
cause of the complaint they get from
suffrage States. But they will give out
statements thst they had intended all
along to come out. and In fact would have
done It sooner, but for your annoying
them so. snd that they have not done It
to please you, but because they always
believed In It"
Logical and Legitimate.
Logical? Yea. All Congressmen from
suffrage States are bound to be for suf
frage, either from conviction or expedi
ency, regardless of party, therefore the
woman voter never can vote for or
against suffrage in any other way than
to defeat the Congressman of any na
tional party that submits for Indorse
ment by women a party record of per
sistent opposition to the principle of self
governing democracy for women.
' Legitimate? Yes. If you believe that
the vote should be used to enact Into
legislation the principles In which one
believes. The women who stand for this
policy claim that the question of the
franchise Is fundamental to all demo
cratic reforms, and la the Issue on which
women should Judge a party. Questions
of special legislation, they argue, are
always with us. The right of a citizen
of the United Btates to vote should not
be denied or abridged on account of sex.
These women Insist upon their right to a
voice In the settlement of all questions
of special legislation war and peace, tar
iff and currency, trusts and unions. At
this particular time they assert with
some cogency that the costs of Congress
are being collected from women as well
aa men In national Income and war taxes
as well as a revenue tariff. No Demo
crat moves an act to disfranchise women
wage-earners and property holders from
the payment of taxes. Salaries of Demo
cratic officeholders, and particularly Con
gressmen, ought to burn like coals of
Are till American women are free citizens
so they say.
Delavrare Candidates Will Resin
Next Tuesday,
Wilmington. DeL. Oct. 17 The speech
making campaign of the various political
parties opens In this city next Tuesday,
and from that time until the end of the
campaign it is expected there will be a
steady flow of oratory In all parte of the
Both Democrats and Progressives will
meet in this city Tuesday evening and it
is probable the Republicans may also get
Into action at the same time. The Demo
crats have obtained the playhouse for
their meeting place. Th'omas F Bayard,
chairman of the Democratic State com
mittee, will open the meeting and will In
troduce Senator Wlllard Saulsbury as
the presiding officer. The Senator will
make a brief speech, his first at a public
meeting In this campaign. Congressman
Franklin Brockson, csndldate for re-elec
tlon on the Democratic ticket, will also
speak. Speakers of the evening win be
Speaker Champ Clark and United States
Senator OUIe James.
The Progressives will hold two meetings
the same evening. J. Hall Anderson, the
Progressive candidate for Congress, will
speak in Eden Hall, the general meeting
place of the Progressives, and George L.
Records, a State tax commissioner of New
Jersey, will address an open-air meeting
at Fifth and Market streets.
The Republicans hsve not decided on
the date for their opening meeting, but a
number of prominent Republicans will be
heard In Delaware before the campaign
The Players' Club of Washington will
give a benefit performance tomorrow
evening for St. Andrew's Church In the
new temporary parish hall at Fifteenth
and R streets. The production on this
occasion will be a repetition of the
Players' Club recent success entitled
"An Evening of Variety." which was
given at the Lyric Thtater, Rockvtlle,
Md.. on October 5.
Some of those who will appear In this
performance include Edward E. Muth,
Miss Mary Mlnnlx, Maurice H Jarvts,
George A. Bentley, Miss Ethel Traylor.
Miss Emily Bradley, M. E. Kahn. Miss
Clara Conrad. Miss Margaret Marr.
Arthur B. White. Miss Esther Galbralght,
Donald Marr, Dufour Brown. William
Morsell. Arthur M. McCrelght, Carl H.
Butnarn. William C -Miller, and W. CUnT
One of the Many Letters Received by Brad
ford's Defective Service from
R. H. HeElrre. Vice President
C. E. Clark Treaa. fast.
Mr. Morgan Bradford, Jr..
Principal Bradford Detective Service,
Washington, D. C v
Dear Sir: We hare had Inquiries, asking; as toCthe measure of our
satisfaction with your work, as represented by your Mr. Wells when In
our service ferreting out and detecting the bushwhackers who were
threatening our men and destroying our property in tha swamps where
we are lumbering;.
We take pleasure In Informing you that we derive very much satis
faction from the manner In which your Mr. Wells, whom you sent for
the purpose, carried en the work aa detective In this case. The merits
of your efficiency are evidenced In the fact that the ringleaders- engaged
In bushwhacking our men and destroying 'our property and derailing
trains, were all Indicted on six or seven counts, convicted in court on one
count, and pleaded guilty on the balance, and we can cheerfully say that
Mr. Wells was Indefatigable In his efforts, fearless In hi actions, and In
no one Instance of whfch we have any knowledge flinched from his duty
or" cess'd 'to be loyal to our Interests, which had been placed in his
hands through you. .
And since the men whom he spotted as the most vicious and
the lesders have been taken care of by the courts, we have had no tur
ner trouble, and And the remainder of the inhabitants our friends.
We also were not In the least loth to pay the amount you charged
for the services, and your settlements with us were made In a business
like manner.
We deem it proper to write you this letter, embodying the senti
ments we have expressed to those inquiring. We desire to place ourselves
on record In this manner, trusting this letter may ba of some benefit to
you In assisting you "to further business. In this region or elsewhere.
GRN-JI Very truly yours.
.Licensed, Bonded
Two Important Questions to
Be Discussed at National
Suffrage Convention.
Federal Amendment vs. States Rights
and Measures Before Con
gress Come yp.
Two huge bones of contention promise
to make the forty-sixth annual con
vention of the National American Wom
an Suffrage Association, which will meet
In Nashville, Tenn.. November 13-1,, one
of the liveliest in the history of that or
ganization. Bone No 1 is the question of tne rea-
eral amendment vs. States' rights. Tne
movement for a Federal amendment re
ceived a tremendous impetus when the
women of Illinois won Presidential suf
frage, and If only two or three of the
seven Western States, where the cam
paign Is now on. come Into the suffrage
fold election day., there Is bound to do a
strong feeling that the national organi
zation should give itself, heart and soul,
to the effort to wring a suffrage amend-
m.n, fmm rnnprMs. But that the con-
ment from Congress. But that the con-
tlnrent which believes In working for
freedom State by State is more deter
mined than ever Is shown by the fact
that the Southern States Woman Suf
frage Conference, which stands for
States' rights, will meet !nChattanooga.
November 10 and 11. obviously to decide
on a plan of procedure for the conven
tion that opens next day.
Bone No. I Is the two-prongea one oi
th. .un-mM measure now before Con -
cress Slany members of the national
organization maintain, with the national
board and Mrs. Medill McCormlck. chair
man of the Congressional committee, that
t... ak.rMxk .m.nHm.ni tn h ConstI -
tutlon. Introduced by the Senator from
Colorado, Is the only way to obtain
enough equal suffrage States to make
...c una....... a..... ..- -w --
possible a straight woman suffrage
amendment to the Constitution, which
has always been and still Is the ultimate
aim of the national association, ine
Shafroth amendment provides for sub
mitting the question of woman suffrage
to the voters in each State by initiative
petition. But the Congressional Union,
the offspring, though a very precocious
and rebellious one, of the national or
ganization, backs the Bristow-Mond!
amendment only
Bound up with this difference, and al
most overshadowing it. is the matter of
the Congressional Union's policy In hold
ing the Democratic party responsible for
the nenpassage of a suffrage amendment,
and Its action In working to defeat Demo
cratic candidates In the woman's suffrage
States, a policy which Dr. Anna Howard
Fhaw, the national president, has con
demned as suicidal, and which Is abso
lutely contrary to the nonpartisan policy
long since adopted by the association.
Place to llr Filled.
Another guarantee of excitement Is the
fact that there are several places on the
national executive board to be filled. It Is
hoped that Miss Jane Addams, first vice
president, will reconsider her decision,
but Miss Caroline Ruutz-Rees. third vice
president. Mrs. Joseph K. Bowen, au
ditor, and Mrs. James Lees Laldlaw, au
ditor, are quite positive that other work
will keep them from even considering a
nomination. Mrs. Mary Ware Dennett,
corresponding secretary, resigned In Au
gust and therefore will, of course, not
stand for re-election.
If the friends of the Congressional
Union should try to capture these places
bj assault things would be very interest
ing. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, mat sturdy
veteran. Is ready to carry on the burden I
of the presidency, and no one would serl- Laura Clay, and Mrs. James Leech, of
ously think of opposing her. Then are Kentt.c.y, Miss Kate M. Gordon, and
rumoM that Mrs. Grace Wilbur Trout, the Vlss Jean Gordon, of Louisiana; Miss
Illinois leader, and Mrs. Maud Wood Jane Addams. Mrs. Grace Wilbur Trout,
Park, of Massachusetts, will be csndl-iand Mrs. Catherine Waugh McCulloch,
dates, but similar rumors have never j from Illinois; Miss Maria Thompson Da
failed In the past to be snowed -under by I vless. the writer, and a vice president
votes for Dr. Shaw. I of the Tennessee Suffrage Association, Is
On Thursda. November 1J, Gov. W. B. , to be one of the hostesses. ,
Hooper, Mayor Hillary Howse, of Nash-' The national board has urged the mem.
Yille: Mrs. Croilr-French. president of -
the Tennessee state suffrage Associa
tion, and Mrs Guilford Dudlej. president
of the Nashville Sutf'ass Association, will
extend the freedom of the Stata and city
to the women of the convention The
evening meetings, which are open to the
public, will be held in Ryman Hall,
which seats 3,000 people. Dr. Shaw makes
her annual address Thursday evening,
sod the conventloa will clbrU-ih .vie-
Pre, dt GeVL Mgr.
Watta 8. Humphrey, Secretary.
E. F. Carpenter, Aast, feeratary.
Bolton, N. C Feb. 12. 1911.
Founded 1885 B
tories which suffragists have no doubt
will be theirs November J.
Nashville women are arranging a par
adeIn itself, proof positive that suf
frage enthusiasm has won over Southern
conservatism. There will be an old-fashioned
barbecue at Andrew Jackson's
heme, "The Hermitage," many dinners
and luncheons, and an afternoon tea
at one of the beautiful country clubs
The Southern women are bubbling with
hospitable plans, and the Nashville
Chamber of Commerce, the Business
Men's Association and the newspapers are
backing them up vigorously. This con
ention Is bound to give a Jolt to the
wide-spread conviction that "the South
Is anti-suffrage," and that "Southern
States will be the last to come Into line."
After livery Advantage.
Mrs. Crorler-French Intends to ea,
to It that Tennesee suffragist get every
drop of political advantage out of tho
occasion. "The members of the Ten
nessee legislature for 1915 wilt be elect
ed November S," she said recently, "and
It behooves the Tennessee Suffrage As
sociation to direct the attention of the
successful candidates to the capital city
during the days from November 13 to
November 17. and to keep the vision of
our great body of women before them
until they pass a bill giving the women
of Tennessee their rights." Mrs. Dudley
agrees with her. and draws hopeful con
clusions from the facts that United
Statea Senator Lea. of Tennessee. i3
openly for the cause, and that tiie Demo
V??c Jr3I"te for governor of th
State, Thomas C Re. in his first politi
cal address this fall, declared that "Ten
nessee women ought to have the vote
Mrs. Stanley McCormlck. national f.-
urer. will report and the convention must
not only decide on a plan of work for
the coming year, but must also raise tho
j moy "' " "; M ?.
I "." 'J .w L.r "- Mrs- Cyrus
lTf.1.4 ..
New Tork. will renort ,n th. ?.,i
Suffrage Publishing Company, a businesi
corporation formed to supply suffrage lit
erature throughout the United States, and
every department of national work wi!l
he discussed In fact, the program for
the dally session, which the convention
Is invited to hold in the Tennessee houe
of representatives. Is chock full of busi
ness, and the evening programs are full
too. A significant departure from "Men's
1 i- s!mlncan
i-ea" Even ng." a regular feature of re
crm conventions, will be "Voters' Even
ing." Friday Nov 13. with James Lees
u"",w OI -w York, president of the,
VAtinnal V.n. T ,..- ...
1 allonai Men s League, presiding and
. . : - - - -.- - -
...rM i,u women voters noidlng the floor.
Saturday evening there will be a dts
cuMon of State and national campaign",
with Mr. Carrie Chapman Catt. presi
dent of the International Woman Suf
frage Alliance Miss Alice Stone Black
well, editor of the Woman's Journal: Mrs.
Antoinette Funk, of Chicago, and Sirs.
Glenna Smith TInnln. of Washington,
among the speakers. Mondav evening the
suffragists will rlax and enjoy the new
photo plav. "Tour Girl and Mine " After
the play Miss Zona Gale will read a new
"Friendship Village" story with a suf
frage moral
In Charier- of Program.
The program for the convention la
In charge of the following committee:
Dr Anna Howard Shaw. Moylan. Pa.:
Mrs. Mary Ware Dennett. New Tork;
Mrs. Stanley1 McCo-mlck. Boston: Mrs.
Ida Clyde Clarke. Nashville. Miss Jean
Gordon. New Orleans, and Miss Elinor
Byrns. New Tork. Mrs. Ernst Thomp-son-Seton.
of Greenwich, Conn.. Is tha
national chairman of local arrange
ments, and Mrs. John N. Kenny,
Nashville. H Tennessee chairman
local arrangements.
Among the women who will be pre-,
ent are Mrs. Roslka Schwimmer. of Hun-1
gary: Miss M. Carey Thomas, president
of Bryn Mawr College, who will preside
at the council and luncheon of the Na
tional College Equal Suffrage League on
Saturday. November M; Mrs. Lila Mead
Valentine. Miss EUen Glasgow, Miss
Mary Johrstone. and Mrs. Kata Waller
Barrett, of Virginia; Mrs. Mary McLen
don. Mrs. Emily C McDougald. and
Mrs Frances Smith Whiteside, of Geor
gia; Mrs. Roselle C Cooley, and Rev.
Mary Safford. of Florida, Mrs. Solon
Jacobs, and Mrs. Oscar Hundley, of
Alabama; Mrs. Desha Breckinridge. Miss
bers of the executive council to meet ta
Nashville on the morning of November
11. that a conference may be held to
discuss the problems of the National
Canadian Northern has 8 6M miles of
road completed and 7.152 miles under op
eration In Canada. The completed mile
age has cost, for construction and eaulo-
jaent. pa,ju,m,

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