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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 19, 1914, Image 1

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THE WASHINGTON HE
0.
ARETOUA
"GO-FAMr
SEE EttTOJUAL FACE
THE LARGEST
MORNING CIRCULATION
IN WASHINGTON
WEATltt-PARTLY CLOTOY.
NO. 2932.
WASHINGTON, B. C. MONDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1914
ONE CENT.
CONGRESS FACES
SPLIT IN PENDING
A1AMENT FIGHT
'Administration Divided on
Question in Light of Eu
ropean Events.
BRYAN'S HAND IS SEEN
Premier's Views on National
Defense Demand Strong
Public Following.
ARMY AND NAVY TONGUES TIED
"Gag" Order on Officials Threatens to
Make Coming Debate In Congress
a "One-sided Affair."
The resolution of KepresentaUve Gart
ner calllnc attention to the unprepared
ztess of the United States for war ha
opened -what Is expected to prove the
greatest struggle known In recent years
over appropriations for the national de
fense and at the same time has drawn
attention to a situation In Washington
which Is absolutely unique.
The fact Is that there Is a split In the
administration forces on the Question of
what ought to be done for the national
defense In the light of what Is transpir
ing In Europe. There has heen in re
cent years a growing opposition to ap
propriations for the needs of the army
and navy, but It already is Indicated
that this year both sides wlU go to fur
ther extremes In their demands than
ever before, while officials of the ad
ministration wlU be divided on the sub
ject as well as the national legislature.
Official Are- Gassed.
A new comllcatlon is injected Into the
situation, however, by the embargo Inld
by the President against officers of the
army -or navy discussing the events In
Europe In public. This embargo Is now
de eloping effects perhaps not anticipat
ed at the time, and practically Is pre
venting officials of the administration,
whether In the military service or not,
from discussing the needs of the military
establishment of the United States.
Consequently, in the discussion of the
needs of the United States army and
navy which will begin certainly not later
"than the meeting of Congress In Decern-
ber. all officers and officials who are best
qualified to speak intelligently on these
subjects will be obliged to maintain si
lence, so far as the general public Is
concerned. Also, it has been made clear
already that the administration looks
with disfavor upon any member of Con
gress publicly discussing the war In
connection with the United States.
Officials recognize that within the ad
ministration forces Itself is a power from
which the greatest opposition to naval
building programs and appropriations for
the military is likely to emanate, direct
ly or indirectly that is. Secretary of
State Bryan.
' Tlryan, Sounds Slogan.
Secretary Bryan already has sounded
the slogan of the very large element of
the country which accepts In general
his views on the subject of peace and
national defense. He has In his recent
speeches given to this element, which
is represented In Congress by the "smaU
navy" men, two slogans which It Is
known they the (pacifists) regard as
unanswerable and undefeatable.
Mr. Bryan has declared that perhaps
CONTINUED OX PAGE TWO.
New York Globe Compliments
Washington Herald's War News
The New York Globe, in a leading editorial on the
war, says of The Washington HERALD'S chief Paris
correspondent :
"Seemingly the only correspondent who
has had the chance to visit the battlefields
north of Paris, is MR. C. F. BERTELLI,
whose report, though no doubt censored, of
what he saw almost blinds one in the read
ing." ' )
But it is not from Paris alcne that The Washington
HERALD receives the earliest, the most complete, and the
most trustworthy war news.
The Washington HERALD'S arrangements with the
London TMES, the London DAILY TELEGRAPH the
Berliner LOKALANZIEGER, and the Paris MATIN
give it advantages unapproachable by any other newspaper.
For instance, last Monday The Washington HER
ALD'S London correspondent cabled the definite state
ment that "Antwerp must soon fall unless the allies sent
re-enforcements immediately." No other newspaper con
tained a hint of the truth. The London; Daily Telegraph
got the news, BUT WAS NOT ALXOWED BY THE
CENSOR TO PRINT IT IN ENGLAND,
Again, last Thursday The Washington HERALD
printed the news that "the Germans have taken Ostend
without resistance."
All the other newspapers refused to believe It until
Saturday, when they all got the news "officially ," and IT
HAD BEEN TAKEN WEDNESDAY MIDNIGHT.
These are only two examples of the supremacy of The
Washington HERALD in war news.
MODIFIED LOTTERY TO
AID CHINA'S FINANCES
Foreign Loans Disappear 'and These
Will Be Used toJFloat Million's
in New Money.
Pekln. Oct U. Interest attaches to the
manner In which China attempting to
keep her head above water financially,
now that the life-buoy of foreign loans
has disappeared.
A regular series of $30,000,000 so' called
premium bonds will be floated that Is,
a. modified lottery system which British
flnince has always strongly condemned
hi the case of continental cities. The
Chinese admit regret at the decision,
but money must be found somehow.
The failure of Yuan-Shl-Kai. 'tho'ugh
the board has swept clear a opposition
to the reform of taxation. Is denied "by
nobody, and, therefore, though holders of
Chinese bonds may rest assured that
their Interest always will be regularly
paid, a gigantic unbelievable reconstruc
tion task awaits flnancers In China.
EXTEND CREDIT,
REPORTPLEADS
Up to Banks to Save Latin
American Trade, Says
U. S. Committee.
URGES DISCOUNT MARKET
Redfield Informed Industries Will Be
Injured if Restriction of Commer
cial Credits Is Not Remedied.'
That the Industries of the United
States will be Injured seriously by loss
of Latin-American trade If the restric
tion of commercial credits is not rem
edied, and that It is to be hoped banks
will extend accommodations at least suf
ficient to assure maintenance of existing
trade, is the conclusion of the Latin
American Trade Committee appointed by
Secretary of Commerce William C Red
field In its report made public.
How dependence upon London banking
saps American foreign selling power and
the turning of the sister republic to
the United States for funds to carry on
industrial developments are set forth In
the report. The committed Is headed by
James A. Herrell. chairman of the Na
tional Foreign Trade Council, and con
sists of representatives of manufactur
ing, commercial, transportation and
financial concerns engaged in South
American trade.
Exports Fall Off Before HVr.
Even before the war the committee
found the United States exports fell oft
on adbount of the financial stringency
in South America.
'Before trade can resume Its normal
course, the exchange problem must be
solved, either by the restoration of old.
or by establishment of new credit fa
cilities."
The committee found that In contrast
tc the well balanced commerce of Eng
land and Germany the Latin-American
trade of the United States showed in
the fiscal year of 1914 a balance of
JICT.KIH against this country.
Turns to Tnlted Slates for Funds.
"It has been Increasingly the practice
of European bankers to. stipulate the use
of European material In the projects
which they financed. Latin-America Is
now turning to the United States for
funds. Thia'country Is hardly In a posi
tion to undertake considerable lnvest-
COTINTJED OX PAGE THREE.
t3.001o New Tork and Return 13.00.
October JS. Leave Washington 15::o
a. m. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Adv.
BUSINESS FREE
FROM CONTROL
STATESWILSON
Letter to Underood Praises
Democrats in Congress for
Perfecting His Program.
TARIFF GAVE COMMAND
New Schedules Brought No
Panic Income Tax Aided
in Securing Funds.
EUROPEAN WAR DISASTROUS
Strife Makes Necessary Creation -of
War Funds for U. S. Anti-
Trust Laws Splendid.
Ur JOSEPH P. AKXUT.
Declaring that the Democratic legis
lative program has accomplished the
"single purpose, namely, to destroy pri
vate control and set business ffee,"
President Wilson has written a lengthy
letter to Majority LeaderUnderwood, of
the House, commending In terms of
highest praise, to the country, the work
of Mr. Underwood and. his associates In
Congress.
Referring to the way In which Con
gress has carried out the legislative pro
gram outlined last April, the President
declared that "the people of the coun
try have been served byXhe members
of this Congress as they have seldom.
ii ever, Deen servea Deiore. The pro
gram was a great one, and It Is a matter
of deep satisfaction to think of the way
In which It has been handled.
"It had several distinct parts and
many Items, but, after all. a single pur
pose, namely, to destroy private control
and set business free. That purpose was
manifest enough In the case of the tariff
and In the legislation affecting trusts;
but. though perhaps less evident upon
the surface there, it lay at the very
heart of the currency bill, too. May I
not add. even though It lies outside the
Held of legislation, that that, and that
chiefly, has been the object of the for
eign policy of the government during
the last eighteen months
ControIIed.br ItlgU Tariff.
'"'Private control bad shown Its sin
ister face on every hand In America, had
shown It for a long time, and sometimes
very brazenly. In the trusts and In a
virtual .domination of credit by small
groups of men. The safest hiding place
and covert of such control was In the
tariff. There It, for a long Ume, hid very
shrewdly." l
Continuing his discussion of the tariff,
the President wrote:
"The European war came before the
withdrawal of this much coveted op
portunity for monopoly could show Its
full effects and active competition bring
Trices to their normal level again; but It
Is clear enough already that the re
duction of the tariff, the simplification
of it schedules so as to cut away the
Jungle In which secret agencies had so
long lurked, the correction of its In
equalities, and Its thorough recasting
with the single honest object of revenue,
were an Indispensable first step to re
establishing competition.
Tariff BrooKht No Panle.
"The present Congress has taken that
step with courage, sincerity, and ef
fectiveness. The lobby by which some
of the worst features of the old tariff
had been maintained was driven away by
the mere pitiless turning on of the light.
Reduction of the tariff failed to bring
about the panic predicted for it, and
business already "has adjusted Itself to
new conditions, declares the letter. The
combination of tariff and Income tax
proved sufficient for the revenue needs
of the country up to the outbreak of
the'European war, he declared.
"Until the war ends and until Its ef'
fects upon manufacture and commerce
have been corrected we shall have to tav
pose additional taxes to make up for the
loss of such part of our import duUes as
the war cuts off by cutting off the Im
ports themselves a. veritable war tax,
though we are not at war; for war, and
CONTINUED ON PAGE FITS.
KILL SELVES RATHER
THAN BE CAPTIVES
Officer Describes How He Tried
Shoot Himself Rather Than Be
Taken Prisoner.
to
Paris. Oct. 18,-rWounded French of
ficers are shooting themselves on the bat
tlefield rather than risk being picked up
by the Germans and held prisoners, ac
cording to a report published In the
Temps today.
This extraordinary procedure was re
vealed In a letter from a French officer
which say:
"I was shot In the breast while leading
a charge and the fear seized me that
I might fail Into German hands. There
fore, I held my revolver at my head,
ready to pull the trigger, when my own
men dragged me to the rear under a
hall of lead.
"That evening a sergeant visited the
ambulance with an address drafted by
the regiment expresstng& wish 'for my
speedy recovery. But when he saw how
pale 1 was he concluded that I was dy
Ingand. leaning over the bed, he kissed
me while tears streamed down his
cheeks." ,
NEXT
The' Washington HERALD will publish the first Sun-'
day 'newspaper in the National Capital to give its readers
those features heretofore obtainable only in he largest
metropolitan newspapers of the North and West
In addition to all the happenings of the day in a most
complete main news section, next Sunday's HERALD
will consist of a four-color magazine section, printed on
highly calendered magazine paper (and we speak con
servatively when we say the highest grade newspaper
color printing ever produced), a half tone photographic
section, a four-color comic section, an authoritative society
ana theatrical sectionand the best sporting section in
Washington a paper from first page to last page that
will reflect the best produced in a Sunday newspaper way.
The price of this big new Sunday HERALD will be
5 cents. If not a regular Sunday HERALD subscriber,
your order should be placed at once with jour newsdealer
or at The HERALD Office.
COOL AS TRIAL
FORUFENEARS
Mrs. Carman Confident of Ac
quittal, Greets Family
in Cell.
SCORNS STATE'S CASE
District Attorney Says He Has Facts
Which Will Force First
Degree Verdict.
Special to Tbe Waahloitco BrraVi.
New Tork, Oct. IS. As cool as though
tomorrow was to be her day of vindica
tion, Mrs. Florence Conklln Carman, who
goes on trial In Mlneola In the morning
charged with the murder of Mrs. Louise
Duryea BaUey, on the night of June 3.
received her husband and little daughter,
Elizabeth, In her cell In the Nassau
County Jail today and assured them that
she would be home within a fortnight.
Both the prosecution and the defense
are maintaining sUence regarding their
plans. John J. Graham .and George Mort
ton Levy, for the defense, declare them
selves confident of an acquittal.
"The State has nothing but a mass of
coincidence and circumstances," dedartd
Levy today. "They have not the most
remote chance of producing direct testi
mony that Mrs. Carman fired that shot
Mrs. Carman sends word to her friends
that she will appear In court, calm and
confident."
Saya State Mas Facts.
"The State will lay facta before the
Jury which will make It necessary for
the return of a first degree verdict," de
clared District Attorney Smith. "We
have not been Idle."
And this from Dr. Carman:
"Inside of two weeks I expect to help
Mrs. Carman Into my motor car and
drive ber back to Freeport. She Is ready
for tne trial. We are afraid of nothing
that the district attorney can produce,
Mrs. Carman did not kill Mrs. Bailey. I
do net know who did. But my wife Is
Innocent"
Mrs. Duryea, the mother of the woman
who was slain, was In tears today.
"If Mrs. Carman killed my girl she
must be punished," the mother said. "If
she is lnnoc;t I am sorry for hsr. We
sha'l tell all we know. I have prayed
that the mrslery be cleared. I do not
want reveng. I cannot have my girl
back, so why should I cry for ven
geance r
Seeks aliasing: Witnesses,
District Attorney Smith Is still seek
ing the two women who fled from the
office of Dr. Cartuin and were whisked
away in a motor car after the shot which
ended Mrs. Bailey's life was fired. Who
ever these worn in were It Is safe to as
SJtnc tliat tl.ry can, !.y c-nlng forward,
clear an jv much cf the xlitng nvstry.
Whether they knew Mrs. Bailey;
whether they came to Frv'oport with her:
whether they saw the murder; whether
they saw Mrs. Carman and Just what
happened directly after the shooting all
this they might tell.
It la estimated that 5,fjoo persons will
seek admission to the court room In the
bnornlns. The court room will only ad
mit about 130 pertons. One hundred and
thirty Jurors will be In court awaiting
exAznlt atlon.
NEW BELGIAN ARMY
DRILLED IN FRANCE
Members to Aid King Albert's Rem
nant in Effort to Drive Germans
From Their Country.
Paris, Oct. 18. That a new Belgian
army Is now training in France with
the object Jof Joining the remnant of
the Belgian forces and winning back the.
country la the revelation made today by
a Belgian minister at Havre.
The 1211 conscripts, as well as thou
sands of volunteers .are being actively
drilled and equipped and all are sworn
not to lay down their arms until the
Germans are expelled from their coun
try. Attend Great Frederick Fair.
Baltimore and Ohio. Tickets good on
all trains Oct. !0 to !S valid for return
until It. j:..o. special tram irorai
Washington 8:00 a. m- OcU 32, Jl.70,1 Sunday, Oct. 25. leave Washington 1:00
returning same day. Adv, 'a. au Baltimore and Ohio, Adv.
SUNDAY
BRITISH SEIZE
U. S. TANK SHIP
English Cruiser Off New York
Captures Vessel Flying
Stars and Stripes.
TOWED INTO HALIFAX
Standard Oil Company Will Protest to
Wilson Had Been a
German Boat
SpeeUl to The TTuhlczttm ntraU.
Halifax. N. a. Oct. 18 The British
auxiliary cruiser Caronta arrited In port
today with the American oil tank steam
er BrindllU. formerly the German steam
ship Washington, as a prize of war. It
Is claimed the Brindilla carries a cargo
or contraband of war and a prize crewl
has been placed on board her.
The capture was made last Tuesday by
a British cruiser off the port of Ne
York. The commander of the cruiser
designated tfte, Caronta. to bring the ship
to Halifax.
The 'Brindilla Is now at anchor In the
harbor flying the American flag.
It Is reported that there waa a clash
between the crew of .the'sblp and the
prize crew shortly after the capture was
made, but this has not been confirmed.
Vessel Closed to Visitors.
No person has been allowed aboard
cither vessel since they arrived, and the
case U to be adjudged br the admiralty
court.
The Brindilla was cleared for Alexan
dria, Egjpt.
It Is stated that after the 'warship
handed the Brindilla over to the Ctronia,
the crew of the oil tanker refused to
work the ship, and some of the men In
the engine room went so far as tn opei
several of the seacocks so as to sink tne
ship and prevent her being taken to port.
The prize crew on board signalled to
the Caronta, informing her of the con
ditions aboard the ship. More men were
sent on board to work the ship.
Conditions, "however, did not Improve
and on Thursday the Caronla ordered
the oil tanker to slow up. Hawsers were
then passed between the two ships, and
the Caronla, with her tow, started for
Halifax. On account of the heavy sea
and the dead weight of the oil tanker,
which Is deep in the water, with a big
cargo, alow progress was made. The
steamer has been placed In charge of
the marshal of the admiralty.
TJew Tork, . Oct. 11 W. G. Haynor,
superintendent of tank steamships of
the Standard Oil Company, at his home
In Bayonne, N. J., tonight said:
"The Standard Oil Company will un
doubtedly make a protest to President
Wilson as soon as officially notified
that the Brindilla has been captured.
"There Is no excuse In the world for
her capture. Washington was notified
of her purchase and Issued her papers
stating that she was under American
registry. She flies the Stars and Stripes
and her papers are made out In accord
ance with United States regulations,
"We were careful before sending her
out to take all Germans from her crew.
Her complement was maed up of thirty
six men Americans, Swedes and Nor
wegiansunder Capt Charles Petersen,
who Is an American citizen.
"We knew that British men-of-war
were In near-by waters and before send
ing her out we submitted her papers to
tho British consul at New York. She
was bound for Alexandria, Egypt and
left ,Bayn3ne, October 18. We bae a
bill of sale for her which shows that
we r-otd 'cash for her. As soon as she
was purchased wre had her overauled and
kept her in dock here for about three
weeks."
U
Tsmgtau's Surrender
Is Expected Hre
Reports were In 'circulation yesterday
that the Germans are about to. surrender
Tslngtau to the Japanese attacking force.
No authoritative Information has been
received here Indies ting the j surrender
of the German stronghold Is at band.
Neither the State Department, nor the
British. Japanese or- German embassies
had any advices on the subject.
1.00 to Frederick. A'ntletam. aad
HarMttnn 4 tatM- r
Germans, FalrBack30 Miles
In France; Death Struggle
Of Millions. Rocks Belgium
LOSE 30 MILES
French and British Steadily
Pushing Kaiser's Invaders
Back Across Belgian Fron
tier, London Claims Eng
lish Losses Heavy Many
Officers Killed.
London Still Jubilant Over
Sinking of Four German
Destroyers by Cruiser Un
daunted Liner Noordam
Not Badly Damaged by
Mine, Reaches Rotterdam.
Special Cable to Wasalastoa Herald.
London, Oct. 18. The British
and French troops, assisted by the
Belgians, have driven the Germans
back more than thirty miles in
fighting near the Franco-Belgian
frontier during the last few days,
according to an official statement
issued by the pres bureau of the
war office tonight.
Special mention is made of the
progress of the British during the
fighting in the northern area.
The startling announcement was
made in an official report from the
headquarters of Gen. Sir John
French that during the twenty-six
days from September 12 to Oc
tober 8 the British lost 1341 in
killed, wounded and missing.
Dc Leading- Men.
Of these Kl were officers, IndlcaUng
the gallantry with- which the English
leaders of the line have been fighting.
According touilhse.. figures one officer
fell or was taken In the fighting to
every twenty-three men.
During the thirty-five days preceding
September IT Gen. French's troops op
erating from Mons to the Seine, and
from the Seine to the Olsne. fought with
out a single day's halt or rest and were
ceaselessly engaged with the enemy.
London is still Jubilant over the brll
liart coup of the cruiser Undaunted In
sinking four German destroyers. The re
sult of this engagement Is generally ac
cepted as foreshadowing what will hap
pen when the German fleet emerges and
encages the British fleet In the open
waters of the North Sea.
Snhrnartne Snnltf
The belief is growing that the sub
marine which sank the Hawke did not
escape, as another day has passed with
out a report of Its return to Its base.
It Is now learned that when the steam
ship Noordam, of the Holland-American
Line, ran Into a mine off the Dutch
coast the damage she sustained was
comparatively slight and that no
one abbard was Injured. The Noordam
arrived at Rotterdam today under her
own steam and only her stem and rud
der were damaged. Indicating that she
glinced the mine in turning.
PARIS IMPREGNABLE,
ASSERTS NEWSPAPER
La Patrie Says Government Has Prof
ited by Lessons of Liege,
Namur and Antwerp.
WORKING ON FORTIFICATIONS
Special Cable to Th WaaMastoa Urrald.
Paris, Oct. IS. La Patrie says the time
has now come to tell the truth and the
whole truth about the fortifications of
Pals, "especially as the truth Is most re
assuring."
"Very little time and very little ma.
terlaL" It says, "will be required to make
the Intrenched camp of Paris practically
Impregnable. The military government
has profited by the lessons of Liege,
Namur, and Antwerp.
"It the Germ-as still entertain the des
perate hope ofr carrying out their early
plan of campaign, their agents tn Paris,
whom they still undoubtedly possess,
may well warn them that- such a scheme
Is doomed to failure.
"Paris Is now In a position t hold out
victoriously against the most powerful
modern artillery."
Germans Driven Back
Three Miles at Ypres
Havre, Oct 15. Gen. Junbluth, aid-decamp
and chief of general staff to King
Albert of Belgium, has confirmed the vic
tory of the allies at Ypres. The allies de
feated a German division and drove It
back a distance of five kilometers (about
three miles). .
According to official news Just received
the Germans do not occupy the Belgian
coast. Njnly a few Uhlans are In Os-
Jend. .- j
Leiden Mefas Attack
Germans; Burn Shops
London, Oct 18. Rioting to
day marked tie cHraax of tie
agitation to bar national of hos
tile countries from fnrtier par
ticipation in tie business Efe of
tie city. Gasies occurred in
several localities. Tiey were
particularly violent in Higi
street, Deptford, in tie Borough
of London. Here a number of
German-owned shops were
wrecked and one was set afire.
The police had difficulty in cop
ing with tie aroused populace.
Today's excitement was at
tributed to tie prominence given
yesterday's raid on tie residence
of Prof. Arthur Schuster, near
Kokingham, in Berkshire, whea
a wireless apparatus, sufficiently
powerful to intercept messages'
from Berlin and the Eiffel Tower
was captured.
The Schuster family is one of.
the wealthiest and most promi
nent of the naturalized German
families is England, and the
seizure of tie plant caused a
sensation in London. He is a
brother of Sir Felix Schuster,
governor of tie Union of Lon
don and Smith's Bank.
Agitation is growing to Hare
tie government parole the "oust
ed" waiters of German and Aus
trian nationalities who hare been
driven .from the big hotels and
restaurants and bad them not
to join the German army.
BERLIN CLAIMS
AGAINST CZAR'S ARMIES
"No Actual Successes in France,"
Says Report Issued at Army
Headquarters.
AUSTRIANS REPORT VICTORIES
Special Cable to Tbe Wirtilnxton HeraVL
London. Oct. IS. The following official
press bulletin iss'ied at Berlin has been
received here by wireless:
"The main headquarters of tbe 'army
reports under date of October IT that
immense quantities of war materials
were captured at Bruges and Ostend. in
cluding many rifles with ammunition and
200 locomotives quite ready for use.
"In the French theater of war no ac
tual successes can be reported.
"In the government of Suwalkl the
Russians were quiet yesterday.
"Tbe number of prisoners taken at
Schlrwindt. In East Prussia, on the Rus
sian border, yesterday was Increased to
4.009.
"Two more guns"have been captured
tn the fighting that continues at and to
the south of Warsaw.
"The Vienna official communique states
that up to yesterday the operations com
menced on the line from Stary-Simbor
to Metryka, and also near the San and
against the River Dnelster have contin
ued favorably. The Russians again at
tacked us north of Wjszkow, but were
renulsed. I
"After a stubborn engagement we have
succeeded In capturing the heights north
of Porbuz and southwest of Stary-Sam-bor.
"On the northern bank of the River
Strwaz we are gaining ground.
"North of Przemysl we have com
menced to secure a firm foothold on the
eastern banks of the San.
"The number of prisoners captured by
us In these movements exceeds 15.00ft.
"An airship which appeared over War
saw created a panic there, and the In
habitants are trying to escape from the
city,
"The Boer revolt In South Africa Is
spreading."
The Cologne Gazette states that Ger
man mortar guns have been brought up
before Belfort where the fighting has
already begun and the Germans are gain
ing ground slowly. ,,
German Lesses Huge,
Is Berlk AdaaissKin
Rotterdam. Oct. IS. The latest lists of
casualties published tn German papers
show that claims of British and French
troops that they have wiped out Ger
man battalions are absolutely correct.
The reserve lnfantsy regiment No. 17 lost
in one battalion too -wounded; In another
battalion of the same regiment, 740 killed.
at the battle of Marne.
Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 63 had
"unassessable loss" and such, phrases as
"innumerable losses." "tremendous num
ber dead and wounded" follow the names
of several regiments.
GAINS
ALLIES GAINING
French and British Win lmj ,
portant New Positions in
Front of GiVen-chy and
Frommelles: lines of Teu .
tons Pierced at Arras.
Skirmishing in Belgium.
Neither Side Makes Progress
in New Battle, Which Wfll
Determine Fate of Paris.
Germans Plant Big Guns
Along Extended Line.
Belfort Bombarded.
Special Cable to Washington Herald.
Paris, Oct. 18. From Dunkirk
to Belfort the great battle upon
which hangs the fate of the Ger
mans' second drive on Paris raged"
today with undiminished fury, j
New activities reported today -in
dispatches from tlfev front have (in,
every case turned to the advantage
of the allies. On the French left tho
allies have driven back the invad
ers a distance of ten miles and
have assumed new positions in
front of Given-chy and From
melles. Also they have retaken
Armentieres, one of the most im
portant cities near the Belgian bor
der and a railroad center of great
strategic value.
Pierce German l.Inca.
To the north of Arras the French and
British troops succeeded in breaking:
through the German cordon established
there for the purpose- ofcontrolllca the
Unes of railway "stretching- o the east.
and so far have been able to hold the
ground. Also between Arras and the.
River Olse the allied lines bsd been ad
vanced perceptibly.
Recognition of the active co-operation
of the Belgians In the i gating on. the
border was contained for the first time
In official dispatches when -thetr-anccess
In repulsing- repeated, attacks directed by
the Germans against the crossings of the
River Tter waa recorded.
' Tlghting has kbeen renewed at Belfort.
where the Germans once again are as
sailing the fortifications with mortars.
Two violent night attacks by the Ger
mans to the north and again to the east
of Saint Die were repulsed by the French
ith severe losses to the enemy.
CroiTti I'rlnce In Djansjer.
The Germans are reported to have suf
fered new reverses in the fighting In
Lorraine and to the east, where the army
of the German crown prince la In an
extremely difficult position.
Not only hae the French been able
to hold the advantage gained in their
ad ance against the outer works of Heti,
but they have now pushed forward their
advanced positions to within nine miles
of the fortress. Heavy re-enforcements
COXTlNrED O.N PACC TWQ.
KAISER WOULD COMPEL
RECOGNITION BY U.S.?.
Wants Himself Considered as Ruler
of Belgium and Is Reported to
Have Given Whitlock Hint.
. jy
JJlfLUMAalL MiaMUfl IS UVLK
There is a persistent report tn diplo
matic circles that the Kaiser Is trying
to compel the United States to recognize I
him as the ruler of Belgium. '
The first Intimation of such a possible .
Intention was the courteous hint to
Brand WhIUock. the American Minister j
at Brussels, that his mission to what!
had been Belgium la ended, now that the
country was under German rule. He was
told that the Germans would be very
glad If he would remain in Brussels aa
a private citizen.
It la declared that the Germans thought
to provoke the United States government
Into the recognition of the Kaiser as the
Belgian ruler by protesting to the Ger- . .
man Imperial government against the -attempt
to disturb Minister Whitlock In
the pursuance of his dlplomaUc duUes.
10,0 W Chelera Cases
Im One Hungarian Town
By R. A. MACKE.Vr.JE.
Rome, Oct. M. My Trieste correspon
dent reports that cholera Is assuming
the proportions of an epjdemlc and
spreading In the most alarming fashion
In Galida and Hungary.
Ten thousand cases are reported to
have occurred In a single city in North
Hungary. mosUy among the troops.
The authorities are powerless to com
bat the outbreak, which Is so virulent;
that the. Russians are 'said to have de-j
etded. to give up the Invasion of Hun-!
gary. as- they do not wish to ezpoa
their troops' to the risk of contagion.
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