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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 16, 1914, Image 1

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The Largest
Morning Circnlatiofl
In Washington
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I W ' -Him epr- - - , i
WASHINGTON. D. C. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER' 16. 1914. -TWELVE PAGES.
NO. 2t89.
Weather Fair, Continued Cold.
ONE CENT SLET
Taereta. ELSEWHERE TWO CaVTa,
ARTILLERY AND
INFANTRY GO TO
MEXICAN BORDER
The War Department Orders
Three Regiments and Three
Batteries to Naco.
DECISION BY CABINET
Sent in Response to Request
of Gen. Bliss for Ad-
ditional Troops.
THE FORCE WILL TOTAL 4,000
Machine Guns to Be Carried Along.
Will Be Prepared for Possible
Infantry Attack.
Another step which may had to de
ctalvc action for the protection of th
people of Naco, Ariz., from Mexican hul
lets' was taken yesterday, when orders
W re issued for the dispatch of three
nrimanlc rtf in fa ntrv a nrl t TirP hu 1 f Ti."
. - j, .
of artillery to the scene of the dimcuity
This action was decided upon at the
C'abin't meeting, and crdei-s were issued
at the War Department for execution of
details. The troops wil! begin to move
inwara ;aco just as soon as transports-
tiun can be provided.
The following statement was mad- by
gecretary Ganison in announcing this
Action :
(ie. Bliss Requests Troops.
"In view of conditions on the border,
as he sees them. Gen. Blinu has request
ed that additional infantry and artillery
be sent him. la compliance with this re
quest, the following troops are being dis
patched to ami Dlaccd under his com- I
msnd. The,, re-enforcements are being j
requested and vent as a measure f pre
caution.
'"The troops to In- senl are three nsi
nunts of infantry from Galveston or
Texas City, and one battery- of 4.7 guns
nfl two batteries of 4.7 howitzers from
Fort Sill, Okla. '
The organizations designated are the
Kleventh Eighteenth and Twenty-second
rtgiments or infantry at Texss City, to
bc commanded by Biig Gen, R. 1 I 'avis.
and batteries A. B, C. of the Fifth Field
Artillery, at Fort Sill. All the force
ill carry ten days' supplies, anil the in
fantry regiments will carry not less than
four machine guns each.
""Idler Will Total -l,MH.
The.se additions to the Fnitod States
forces at Naco will make the total
number of soldiers there about 4.o.
There are now at N'acu thirteen troops
of cavalry and Ihre batteries of tield
artillery.
It is understood it is the hope of the
R'iministration that the assembly of this
force, at Naco will convince Maytorena
and Hill that the I'm ted States means
business and will result in cither a '
sation of their operations, which have
caused so manv ..-1 1 1 in .ho ,'f
zona towu. or else cause them to with
draw to a safe distance from the United
States border
It is pointed out. however, that simi
lar measures have never yet succeeded
in convincing the Mexicans that the
lulled States meant anything. and ofli-
als here arc rather pessimistic about
any amelioration of the Naco situation
resulting until actual force has been
employed to deal away the combatants.
1 nited Mates Will Be Prepared.
When the artillery was sent to Na-o
ten days ago it was understood the
plan was that if diplomatic measures
failed the gun would be used to throw
shells over the town of Naco, Sonora,
into the Maytorena camp beyond the
town. The addition of infantry and ma
chine guns to the forces at Naco h taken
to mean that this plan does not include
all that now is contemplated; that Gen.
Bliss has in mind not only driving
Maytorena away from Naco. but also
a defense against a possible infantry
attack from Naco itself. This, it Is
thought, may be due to the fact that
Carranza has informed the United States
he would regard any firing across tha
border as an unfriendly act. It is as
sumed he has so informed Gen. Hill
at Naco.
WARSHIP SUNK BY ACCIDENT.
o Ktldrnce of Tmrkrry In Bul
wark Dlualrr.
Ixmdon. Dec. 15. The British admiralty
announced late today that the explosion
which sent the battleship Bulwark to the
bottom on November a! with nearly son
members of the crew was due to the acci
dental ignition of the ammunition on
board.
DON'T MISS THE BIG
CHRISTMAS NUMBER
OF
NEXT SUNDAY
SEGREGATION OF
RACES JUST AND
NEEDED, HE SAYS
C. H. Brough Reports Before
Commission of Southern
Universities.
MISCEGENATION UNSAFE
, Declares Race Hatred Rapidly
Disappearing Integration
Found Necessary.
NEGROES NEED INDUSTRY
Opportunities in District Unsurpassed,
but Negro Illegitimacy
Is. High.
Statement that race segregation in pub
lic service department, railways, street
cars and even in cities may be expedient
and just" in solving the problems of
race adjustment, and protect against
, marr)ape between
white and colored
persons were salient features of the an-
j nUa, report ppesentett yesterday by Chair-
man C H. Brough to the Commission
I of snem Universities on the Race
, Question in annual session at the Ral-
, Mi
The commission considers the- report
of Chairman Brough, professor of eco-
nomics and sociology at the University
! of Arkansas, so important that it vote:
: to discuss it in executive session. Dls-
i-ussion was not com iuded when the
lommission adjourned last night, and the
executive session will le continued to
day. It is expected lh commission will
adopt the report and order it embodied
in the final findings of the commission.
'' "' bc made Public in four or nTe
i ears
Eleven Southern universities axe rep
resented on the commission by fifteen
of the leading educators, economists and
sociologists of the Southern States. The
commission is supoprted by Anson Phelps
Stokes, millionaire philanthropist of New
England, is the only body of its kind
devoted entirely to the solution of the
race problem. The report of Chairman
Brough represented two years research,
and the linal report of the commtaaion
will embody facts developed In many
years of investiBation by all members
of the commission.
Rare Hatred Disappearing.
Chairman -Brough's report, which cov
er? thirty-four pag :-, includes the fol
lowing statements:
"Mucb thought has be n devoted to
the negro problem by the intellectual
aristocracy of the South, with the result
!th.t the 'twilight zom" of misunder
standing and race hatred rapidly is dis
appi aring.
"The cl"sr social contatt which existed
before tli eivil war has almost entirely
HPpearr!. Separate schools, churches.
" Jim row' " restrictions
r nllot violent anti-uegro po-
litica! agitation in two States have pro
duced an alienation of the two races
iwthout parallel.
The So'ith feels that race integration
nid solidarity in a social sense absolute
ly are necessary to promote the inter
ests of both races. Th" South is unal
terably oppose to the miscegenation of
the races and views with alarm the in
crease In the number of mulattos from
l.i'c.oeo in jyo to iflse.K in wnl
.! UecKenation Condemned.
"The fundamental incompatibilities of
racial temperament and tradition which
make C-c great majority of marriages be
tween the two races unhappy and the
fact that many who do enter such mar
riages belong to the criminal classes
indicate that condemnation of such mar
riages by the best elements of both
races has substantial basis.
"Investigation of thirty-seven mixed
relations showed that of eight white men
living with negro women only four were
lawfully married. Of nineteen white
womtn living with negroes in lawful
marriage four were of known bad char
acter, two were bigamists and four either
sued for divorce or deserted their hus
bands. "Fifty years ago it was unlawful for
a negro to be employed in the postal
service. Today more than 4,000 negroes
are in the postal service and there are
2,500 negroes in the employ of the Fed
eral government Their annual salaries
arc about fi:,300,000.
"Many of the so-called negro univer
sities and college? of the South are mak
ing the fatal mistake of offering preten
tious courses of study taught by highly
degreed teachers without including In the
OUNTIKL'ED OX PAGE SEVEN.
Flotilla of Submarines
Urtfit) Asserts Stirling
Commander Says Administration Has Neglected Vessels,
and that of Seventeen in Atlantic Waters Many Cannot
Dive Hobson Would Call Roosevelt to Testify.
A criticism of the present administra
tion of the Navy Department for its
neglect of the Atlantic submarine flo
tilla was voiced before the House Com
mittee on Naval Affairs yesterday by
Commander Yates Stirling, In command
of the flotilla. Commander Stirling fur
ther informed the committee that It was
not until the exploits of submarines in
the North Sea that the Navy Depart
ment took this type of vessel with any
degree of seriousasss.
The witness testified that the depart
ment apparently was Interested In the
submarine, but doubted Its effectiveness,
and that accordingly the two flotillas,
one stationed in the Atlantic and the
other in the Pacific, were neglected, and
permitted to run down in efficiency.
"In Bad" with Daniels.
Commander Stirling already Is in the
bad graces of Secretary Daniels and
some of his aides because of a caustic
report Stirling made to the department
in November last relative to the state
of the Atlantic flotilla. That the com
mander's testimony before the House
committee Is likely to intensify the hos
tile feeling against him that obtains In
the department is generally believed.
Commander Stirling was called before
1 the committee primarily to testify con
cerning the condition of the Atlantic
flotilla. Prompted by members of the
committee, he discussed naval strategy,
gave bis opinion as to the ideal types
of battleships and submarines, discussed
the possibilities of a hostile landing on
American shore. and commented on
military topics generally.
The witness expressed doubt that the
big cities of America would be exposed
to the danger of bombardment in the
fi.nt of war. A lot of things would
have to happen tlrst. he said, before such
cities as New York would be exposed
to the danger of bombardment.
Mast Sink American av.
In the first place, according to Com
mander Stirling, an enemy that con
templated taking any of the large cities,
would first find It expedient to sweep
the American fleet from the seas. He
would not he likely to' attark a large city
in the flrst Instance. The strategy of
the situation would impel him first to
land a mobile army at a convenient base,
I ut the landing of such a force would
depend upon the annihilation of the fleet.
Of course, the witness said, the fleet
might be swept from the seas, but ho
did not regard this as probable.
In discussing the submarine situation
in the Atlantic. Commander Stirling tes
tified that only one of the seventeen was
able to dive. All the ethers are In a
state of disrepair Either their batteries
were out of order from use or they were
deficient in other respects
Many hlpa I nflt.
Taking up the seventen marines in the
Atlantic flotilla. Commander Stirling said
that of the four boats of type K in New
York harbor, two had failed to come up
to their contract stipulations. The con
tractors are now making the necessary
changes on these vessels. Th.' five in the
canal zone are fit for emergency, but
have an old training ship for a tender.
Four are at Norfolk lieing overhauled.
Four others were generally unfit.
Summarizing his testimony relative to
the flotilla, the witness said eleven of
them could be put in shape for active
v. ork in ten days, and then they would be
able to "limp out" and do some good
work. The other six could be put In
readiness alma: a week later.
Representative llensley, of Missouri, a
"little navy" member, asked: "Is not a
small submarine a greater weapon than
an expensive dreadnought?
The naval officer answered in the neg
ative. "Has a dreadnought ever been sunk
by a submarine?" asked Representative
Hobson. of Alabama.
Cannot Mink Dread.onsjht.
No," was the reply. "It is the theory
that one torpedo cannot sing a dread
nought. It has never been controverted
unless the British battleship Audacious
was sunk in that way. It may have been
sunk by a mine which has about twice
the hitting power of a torpedo."
DRUNK MUSSES ROSES
OF LOVE-SMITTEN COP
D. J. Lewis Knocks Down and 'Plucks'
Insulter Then Buys Fresh
Bouquet for Girl.
Attired In his best civilian suit, and
looking as unlike a policeman as any
other ordinary citizen. Patrolman D. J.
Lewis, of the Second precinct, the Beau
Brummel of the department, and who
his friends say entertains serious Inten
tions of becoming a benedict, took a day
off yesterday to visit his girl in a near
by Maryland hamlet.
Lewis went to a florist, bought a bunch
of Killamey and American Beauty roses
and hopped on a Georgetown car. One
of the passengers on the car was Frank
James, colored, thirty-one years old, who
lives at 1(3! Wisconsin avenue. James
took exceptions to the handsome bunch
of flowers and proceeded to muss up the
bouquet. Lewis protested, knocked him
down, stopped the car. dragged the of
fender out to the street, pulled" a pa
trol box. sent the prisoner to the Sec
ond precinct on a charge of being drunk
and destroying private property, and
then continued on his Journey to see his
girl, first providing himself with an
other bouquet.
The witness expressed the opinion
that the tendency In submarine con-
I (traction was toward vessels of larger
tonnage. He expressed the opinion
i that the smallest submarine should not
be under 500 tons. "Our submarines
may have to fight a long way from
our shores," he said. "We may have
i to tight m the cambean or m the
Pacific, and If w liavn nnlv small coast
, defense submarines, they would not
j serve us to any advantage if we had
I to fight several thousand miles away."
; The witness continued:
"We developed at the war college
what may turn out to be the ultimate
type of submarine, a great 2,000 ton
craft of twenty-five knots speed that
would be used to attack battleships.
This was theoretical, of course, but In
working out the war games on the
j board the battleships were supposed to
be very much afraid of this bis sub
marine. We will go forward to bigger
'submarines rather to smaller ones."
..a . j
is mere any way 10 oe.enu .
1 coast excep. through control or ine
i sea?" asked Representative Wlther-
spoon
n ffr MiHNianf nni
-- ""- rm
Only Three Seoat t'ralnem.
Not against a military natten with
a laree army." The witness repeated
that submarines eould not control the
sea H8 long as other nations had battle
ships.
Tin- witness gave his idea of the bat
tleship of the future. "It will shed prac
tiiully all of its armor." he said. "It
will have lancer and mor. numerous
E'.u.s. be of treat speed, and capable '!
holding off the enemy at great distances, j ig received. It is declared these dis
Commander Stirling said that at pre- , t-ugs'ons will result In a decision as
ent the Vnlted States has only thre
scout ships, the Chester. Birmingham and
Salem. They are compatatively old J3
sels, and in case of war would he of
little use owing to their Mowmsa. Wit.i-
ut adequate scout ships of up-to-date
design. Commander Stirling said it wou 1
he difficult to locate an enemy that nan
Martcd across the sea. He urged bui'd'
ins; scout ships of the design of the Syd
ney, the Australian cruiser that de
stroyed th Emden. the marauder of the
German navy.
Weald amnion Kooaevelt.
Representative Hobaun sprang a r al j sequently. should it be reported by
surprise on the committee at th. morn- i Colonel Goethals that he wants the do
ing session. He moved that form-r i troyers solely to prevent violations of
Ptesident Roosevelt be called t testify ,h! r!,d-0 re-rulationa, it will rest w.lh
concr-rning the natiral defenses. Mr.
Hobson said that Mr. Roosevelt was fully i
informed, and that h" ould no doubt
enlighten the committee. Chairman
Padgett was greatly flustered over this
motion. Rising out of his chair, he x
claimed. '"Invite xPrcsid( nt Roosevelt
here. What for?'
"He was an Assistant Secretary of th;
Navy, and has intimate knowledge of this
subject. He has always been lnt rested
in military and naval subjects, and I
think he should be called as a witness."
"I think that motion ought to be wlth-
drawn." declared Chairman Padgett with
great earnestness. Mr. Hobson'a mo-1
tion stirred the committee greatly. It
was decided that the question should
go over until today.
Badjcer Says Fieri Is Small.
The testimony of Rear Admiral Badger,
given before the policy of public hear
ings was instituted, was made public.
Admiral Badger stated, concerning naval.
preparedness: It-tor at the canal zone received yester-
"There has been a good deal of critl-d' afternoon shows that he in on the
cism in the newspapers of late of thelJ00- He aayr: 'For communication wit'i
condition of the navy and of the pre- j British cruisers on the west coast I have
paredness of the fleet. I believe that dismantled the radio apparatus of one
ship for ship, our vessels are as good j British collier at Balboa.
as those of any other nation. The fleet! "Destroyers or other ships will 1 sent
Is. in my opinion, smaller than it should wnen needed to prevent the use of radio
he and smaller than was the policy , for any unneutral act by ships of any
adopted, more or less with the approval belligerent nation. '
which it was hoped that we should have BRYAN DOUBTS THAT
forty-eight battleships ready for service
ln Uli. This recommendation was based
upon the building programs of foreign
nations.
"I consider the statement that the
present fleet, both In commission and
most of those in reserve, are not up to
the mark and are being neglected, is not
true, or greatly exaggerated."
BURNED HER ALIVE,
DYING WOMAN SAYS
Husband Is Held on Charge of Having
Shoved His Wife Back Into
Burning Bed.
New York, Dec. 15. Accused of burning
his wife ln her bed today. Benjamin A.
Stransky, of No. 528 East 13th street,
was held without ball by Coroner Flynn.
of the Bronx, after the coroner had taken
the ante-mortem statement of Mrs. Jen
nie stransky in Lincoln Hospital, where
she was reported dying. Stransky was
charged with arson and felonious as
sault with a more serious charge pend
ing the outcome of Mrs. Sransky's burns.
At the Alexander avenue police station
Stransky denied having set his wife's bed
aflre while she was sitting ln it or of
pushing her back Into the blazing bed, as
the woman charged.
Turki Shell Sebastopol.
Constantinople (via Berlin and Amster
dam). Dec IS. The Tarklsh minister of
marine announced today that an Ottoman
cruiser had bombarded Sebastopol, ths
Russian fortress on the Black Sea.
JURISDICTION IN
PANAMA TROUBLE
HALTSOFFICIALS
Officials Ask Goethals for,
More Information Re
garding Request.
TROUBLE OVER ORDER
I
Heads of Departments in a
'
Quandry as to Who Will
Command Vessels.
BRITISH WIRELESS IS SEALED
Radio Officer Locks Up Apparatus on
Alien Ship to Prevent Violation
of Neutral Order.
Official of the administration are Mill
not satisfied with Colonel Goethal's
statement as to why he wants two de-
NlmvprM fur s-r Ire in i annl waters to
i ---- -- ---
, M B tne ,nforcenwnt of the neulTi,y
rules. No action has been taken On his
request.
i - ..... . ....
I
in ad-jiti'jn to unriainiy as o wn
I Colonel Hoethals wants the vesselr.
utlon, have Rr!sen a to wn0 to
. ,url.j....ion ln .,,,. lhey are nl
j CoMC,uen,1Vi while . the administration
Is awaiting further details from Colonel
tloethals. numerous conferences are
beini? h'ld hetw''n officials of the State.
War and Navy departments In an effort
to dispose of the Jurisdictional ques
tions. Other conferencrs will he held as
toon as Colonel Goethals' further report
to what is to be done.
Tannot Kaforrr Wllnoa Order.
The trouble arises over the discovery
that the President's proclamation for
the regulation uf radio stations In
(. -.,.,, .;,,..,
jurisdiction during the
I war glvca to the secretary of th- Navy
, he duty of enforc,ni- t(lc regulations
Though Colonel Goethals Is supposed to
be the rupremv authority in the Canal
Zone, it appears that he has nothing
to do with enforcement of. the Presl-
' denfs tules regarding use of wireless
I in the canal and adjacent waters. Con-
the Navy entirely whether any are to
' be sent, and, if any are sent, the Navy
will have command over them
and not
Colonel Goethals.
But Col. Goethals has indicated in nlS
previous reports to Secretary Garrison
that he also wants the destroyers to
I n vent abuse of the canal waters as a
base of .-Jpplis. In enforcing recu:.-i-llons
on this sut-je t, it is likely Goethals
rill have full authority.
Lock. Ip British Will It as.
It developed yesterday that the nav.il
radio officer at the canal had occasion
esterday to sal up the wireless of a
British ship passing through the canal
because of violations of the regulations.
Se retary lanlels last night declared.
In the following i-tatement. that ships
would be sent whenever needed
"Whatevr Is necessary to be done to
carry out the executive order with re! r
ence to radio communications will b"
anr- A telegram from the radio op r-
WOMEN ARE FOR HIM
Says He Wouldn't Place His Chance
of Election to Presidency in
Hands of Fair Sex.
Secretary of State Bryan doesn't dare
hope that If he Is nominated again for
the Presidency ho will have the support
of all women voters. He said so yes
terday in a speech at Georgetown Visita
tion Convent, where he spoke at an enter
tainment given by the alumni association
of the convent.
Father Brosney, of Georgetown Univer
sity, introduced Mr. Bryan and said that
he wouldn't have to "run" for the Presi
dency If women had the vote.
"'The first time I ran for President,"
said Mr. Bryan, "I got the vote of all
three suffrage States. The second time
I carried two, and the third time one.
Under the circumstances. I fear that I
could not depend entirely upon women to
elect me."
Among the members of tlio alumni asso
ciation present were Mrs. Arthur Wallace
Dunn, Mrs. William II. Wagvaman. Mrs.
Fred Dent Grant, Mrs. J. B. Acker. Mrs.
Sullivan. Miss Mary Lee Goddard, Mrs.
Duncan, Miss B1U Keanc. Miss Agatha
O'Neale, Mat Edelln Wilson, Mrs.
O'Neale. Mrs. Blchard Hill. Miss Mildred
White. Mrs. R. B. Harrison. Mlsa Agnes
O'Gorman. Miss Margaret Shea, Miss Ra
Shea, Mrs. Bowman Matthews. Mrs.
Joseph A. Hayden and Miss Bernadette
Shea.
Calaatbln Thirty Leas-nee Trader the
nam. rust aad only anaawnaa mouoa pictures :
Today at 530 ud SJS. Mat.. Sc-Aar. I
GERMANS DRIVEN BACK
MILE BEYOND YSER IN
ONSLA UGHT BY ALLIES
BERLIN ADMITS
MLAWA MARCH
BECAMERETREATi
Superior Forces Compelled
Retirement, Official State
ment Declares.
FRENCH ATTACKS VAIN
Steinbach, in Alsace, Is Re
taken, with 300
Prisoners.
VOSGES FIGHTING CONTINUES
Heavy Losses Inflicted on Allies in At
tempted Advance Southeast
of Ypres.
By KHKIlf.lt l K WKHVKR.
I Berlin, Dec. 13 (via Amsterdam). An
i official report from the general staff on
, the operations In Poland admits that
i the German forces have ! n checked
in the Mlawa region and forced to fall
1 back. The report was as follows:
"Five columns which advanced from
Soldau via Mlawa in the direction of
Glechanow. had to occupy its former
position as a consequence of me-ting su
erior hostile forces.
"Klsewhere in East Poland there is
DOthins important lo report. Our ope
rations have been hindered by bad
weath-r."
Repulse of attacks by the French at
several points on the battle front In the
western theater ef war is announced In
the official statement today Tip French
troops are said to have lost severely.
The official statement follows.
Frrnrh Attack, la tain
"The French yesterday made fruitless
attacks at various poin' Their a'tack
upon our position southeast of Ypres
failed and the enemy suffered heavy
losses. Two hostile attacks northeast of
j Suippes ware also repulsed by us. Aa-
I other attack northeast of Omes and one
northeast of Verdun likewise were re-
. t.i.u. .1 th,. iiii.mv .4 losses beinir heavy.
I Three unsuccessful attempt, were de-' ,u h" not " "'d'd
' liver.d by the French ln the neighbor- Setbaekn Predicted,
hood of Ailley and Apremont. South-! The Austrians have an enormous task
east of St. Mihiel the French tried to
take our positions by storm, hut their
attack failed They have renewed their
attacks from the direction of Flirey
.... ... .... m . ... . -
luirey. noun ot ioui, wiinoui v.u.u.
any advantac I
Tow- I. Rec.pt.red.
.,. ... .. ,. ,.,,
The fighting in the osges s still,
In progress
"We have recaptured Steinbach d '
west Sennheim (in Alsace), taking 300
prisoners.
"In East Prussia there is nothing
report."
t-i
RUSSIAN AVALANCHE
HITS GALICIAN FRONT
Austrian Army Is in Dire Straits. :
Ten Thousand Killed in
Single Engagement.
London. Dec. i:,-' The Russians sre .
descending like an avalanche on the Gall-
clan front." aays a correspondent of the
Evening News, telegraphing from Venice,
His dispatch declares that the Austrian
army is In direst straits. I
"The Austrian forces have been com-1
tlUor rt m'irr'h aiiv Hat'i anrl yiiht wild.
. . -" -"-
out a rest. he says. "Many fell asleep i
on the march. Hundreds fell out exhaust- man offensive.
ed. Those who were left, on their arrival At every point the sporadic German at
at the front were asked to face the hell tacks, many of them coming at night,
of a modern battle. Ten per cent were haVe been answered by counter-attacks
lost, either temporarily or permanently from the Russians, which have had eon
disablcd. I siderable success. During the last thrc
"The Russians have Creusot guns, and , days the Russians have taken 3.000 prls
the gunners excell ln technical skill, oners and many guns in Central Poland.
They rarely fire a shot without its taking according to Petrograd dispatches. The
effect. Only the strongest and most lit Germans are expected to resume their
of the Austrian, survive the mental I drive upon Lowlcs as soon as the weather
s,raln- conditions are better. In the meantime
"Ten thousand of their army were j their left wing is threatened by their de
killed ln a single battle recently. Any feat at Mlawa.
one revealing the truth about Gallcis Is
strung up on the nearest tree, as a rev
olution would result were the facts known
In Austro-Hungary.
AUSTRIANS QUIT BELGRADE.
tilt Inablr" to Leave Bervtaa Capi
tal, Ofnelal Statement Admits.
By STEVEN BURNETT.
Vienna (via Berlin and Amsterdam),
Dec. 15 Bedgradc ha. been evacuated by
the Austrian., It Is anounccd. The Ser
vian capital was given up without any
fighting.
The official statement announcing the
evacuation of Belgrade was a. follow.:
"The retirement of our right wing
involved a change ln the military sit
uation making it advisable to abandon
Belgrade, which was evacuated without
H.hUnl."
FORTE MAKING PEACE
OVERTURES TO ITALY
Roar, Dee. IS. The Tarklaa
chara-e d'aSalrea a area the Ital
ian ferelaa ofllee t4MT ale gov
ernment would make a Mtlalae
tory explaaatlaa of the recent at
tack aa the Itallaa ceaaalate at
Heaelaa. alllna at the fereta-a
otftce far the ncrond time la four
teen hearn, he until that he ex
neeted the Porte'n reply ta Italy's
rearrneatatloas itlthla a short
time.
Despite the delay af Tarkey-a
reply, the belief In Iron here
that the matter "III he
aver wttheat war. It la reported
that Gerseaay has exerted Its In
fluence la Coaataatlaaple ta pre
vent the Ottomaa Government
fram ililnf Italy aa affront that
mill lead ta heatllltlea.
AUSTRIA THROWS
BACK RUSS HOSTS
Battle Tide Near Cracow
Turns Against the
Allies.
WARSAW SAFE FOR TIME
German Army Declared to Be Split
and in Flight Before Troops
i p
of zar.
London .Dec. 15. -The extreme ends of
the bafle line in Poland continued today
to see the most severe lighting. In the
I center extremely bad weather is the
. rule and there have been no Important
operations in thr? last twenty-four hours.
In the south the Au--trians, with the
aid of the troops withdrawn from Servia,
. are making a tremendous effort and an-
pear to be pushing hack the Russians In
the region of Cracow. In the north Rus-
sis.n reports of a victory at Mlawa are
confirmed by an official statement given !
out in Berlin.
The prosre.". of the Austrians through
the passes of the Carpathians is report
ed to have he. n accelerated. I'nofflclal
Russian reports admit the gravity of the
i situation ln that district, but say the
j laid out for thm. They are not only
j attempting to clear Hungary of Russian
troops, but are also planning campaigns
i to relieve Cracow and to recapture I
Prvami'.! T ; !....... .- r... i . I
..., o.. llle rvu-ians nave
"ng force, in all of these regions and
"?" 'Wl" b"'eVe that Aus,n
will s.wn receive severe set-backs.
JTZZ T rT !
T P TH r .7 w s,tu't,on
1 -.-. --, ,arB
number of Russians have been taken
. . -
I iiitaviia oi nit insi icw aays.
In the center Warsaw seems to be safe
acain for the time being at least. The
Russians have had time to construct
strong fortifications, and the success
which the Germans had in marching rap
idly through virtually undefended terri
tory is not likely to continue, according
to advices from Petrograd.
The Russian victory at Mlawa appar
ently means that Gen. von Francois, who
started out from East Prussia to strike
War8aw from ,e nor,ht na , ,,,.
beaten. It is unofflciallv reported that
,his Nr,hern Germany army has been
gp,,, tWo parta and tmU th(j Russjans
are pursuing the fleeing Germans back
across the frontier. It is expected this
battle will be shown by fuller details to
i i
iia-.? own a mom important onpaffemnt
and one that settled the fat.. t ,i.. ,..
GERMAN SHTPP IN FLIGHT.
Santiago de Chille, Dec. U It was of
ficially stated that the German cruiser
Dresden steamed from Puntas Arenas
Sunday night. The British cruiser Bris
tol arrived at the port on Monday and
left Immediately in pursuit of the Dres
den. With her superior speed the Brit
ish war vessel may overhaul the Dres
den before she clears the Straits of Ma
gellan. While the normal speed of the Ger
man warship Is 21", knots, her long stay
In tropical waters has caused her keel
to become encrusted with submarine
growths, which probably ha. reduced her
speed to les tran twenty knots The
Bristol, on the other hand, la more re
cently from home waters, with a clean
hull and with her normal sped of 25
knot, practically lrnlmlparad.
DEFENDERS WIN
FIRST GENERAL
Allies Now Hold
Three-
mile Line Across
Canal.
BRITISH GAIN IN SOUTH
'Drive Against the German
Strongholds Below Ypres
Succeeds.
MUELHAUSEN BATTLE FIERCE
Climax of Long Struggle Coma in
Trench-to-trench Conflict.
Kaiser's Loss Heavy.
Paris. Dee. 15 French and Belgian
troops drove forward from N'leaport to
day following a heavy bomBardment by
the British squadron ar.d the "french
guns of the German artillery positions,
from which the Kaiser1' runs had been
shelling the town of Oost-Iiunklrk, and by
a violent advance they succeeded m en-
tablisbing themselves on a line three
" Ion- one m,le 'a ' .
This is the first general advance made
by the aalea OB tnis j-orthern extremity
' of the Flanders front.
simultaneously th. British, aided by
: French re-enforcementa. conducted a
,-, HH ,,., ,.. n.,
strongholds to the north of Tprea. gain
ing at one place more than Sw yards
of ground and at others securing firm
footholds in mutually coveted strategic
positions.
check to Preach.
The Germans are bitterly contesting
I ,n" " acvance against Muet.nausen.
where the fighting Is on German terri
tory, and the official statement of the
French war office admits a check In
front of Steinbach by Prussians advanc
ing from L'ffholr. two miles away. The
statement asserts, however, that though
the German infantrymen gained a foot
hold ln this region, the French still main
tain th'lr positions on the heights which
dominate Stembach. The advance here
has reached to within twenty miles of
Muelhausen.
The significance of the ailics advance
to the north will best ! realized when
it is recalled It was through this cor-
ri(or along th(, ctmM that th(, r.ermans
I m01)th w , ,..,,. w,y
to Dunkirk and C
. M
Sr.uth and east of pres. the present
onn center of th. battle of Flanders.
iar. grouped a mm.be, of smal farming
village., in the neighborhood of which the
cana'ixed river Tser forks Into three
channels. l"p to a week ago the fight
ing waaVaross these canals, from trenc.i
to trench and from bank to bank. Now
the Fren h have leared the Germsns
from the ground between the ditches,
and the nghttng has been carried onto
the fields where the truck gardeners for
merly toiled. Since Sunday the allljs
have been gaining daily.
lllnni In Battle.
Today came the climax of the advance.
The combined for es of British and
French gathered for a forward move
ment and hurled themselves upon the
enemy under cover of a terrific fire from
the French batteries and quick-flrinn;
guns, which kept the Germans hugging
the storm side of the trenches. They took
trench after trench in their advance,
digging the Germans out of every pit.
The trenches on this front are about 10
yards apart, and before the allies' effort
was spent they had covered 500 meters
i more than "d yards).
Aside from the substantial pros-res.
made by tin allies, a great number of
prisoners were taken, which, add' to
the heavy losses the enemy suffered ln
killed and wounded in the furious trench
fighting, cut severely Into their effective
strength.
French Win la Ars-onaee.
Intermittent cannonading continue,
along that part of the battle front extend
ing from the Somme to the Argonne re
gion. The exchanges were not violent,
with the exception of the bombardment
by the French in the region of Grouy.
In the Argonne district the French have
made good their newly acailred advanced
positions, and are re-forming for further
offensive movements.
Nowhere on the whole front have ths
allies been compelled to quit the trenches)
they have taken from the enemy, with
the exception of the one plsce ln Alsace
where the Germans forced their retire
ment in front of Steinbach.
Banker Sentenced to Fen.
Hartford, Conn., Dec. 15. William Den
nison Morgan, a banker, who was ehara
ed with embezzling S5J.100, pleaded guilty
today and was sentenced from two to
Ave years ln state prison.
NORTH ADVANCE

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