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p The Largest Mornin? Circulation In Washington N NO. 2992. Weather Cbndy; Warner. WASHINGTON D. C. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1914. -TWELVE PAGES. ONE CENT la W aafclaartaa aa Patau Thereto. ELSEWHERE TWO CUTL 5 Shopping Days Before Christmas . i RAH DECISION GIVES INCREASE OF $30,000,000 Few Exceptions toGeneral Gain Are Made by I. C. C. Ruling. EXPLAIN THE REVERSAL Business Will Have Added Impetus Coal arid Lake Rates Excepted. WAR UPSET THE FORMER RULE Was Predicted Exclusively by The Herald Decision Represents Favor able Sign for Business Generally. By JOSEPH P. AJITTIX. The Interstate Commerce Commission yesterday handed down its decision on the application of railroads In official classification territory for a 6 per cent Increase in freight rates. The decision grants the horizontal in crease with a few exceptions, as ex clusively forecast by The Washington Herald last Monday morning. The in creased revenue resulting from the de cision is estimated at between (25,000,000 and 130,000,000. A decision issued last July on a similar application granted the railroads upwards of 116,000,000 ad ditional revenue. Yesterday's decision indicates a belief on the part of the commissioners that increased net revenues resulting from reforms of administration and operation suggested by the commission last July together with the two large increases above mentioned will swel the total up to or beyond the SBO.OOO.OOO increase or iginally asked by the carriers. As predicted by The Herald, the deci sion represents a distinct victory for the railroads and a decidedly favorable sign for business generally. Explaining the reversal of its July decision, when of ficial classification territory railroads were denied a 5 per cant increase, the commission declared that many facts were not available at that time and that de ductions from these statistics together with the European war had much to do Tvith the new attitude of the commls- Iralnl Hoada Get laci In addition to allowing the Increase in official classification territory, the com mission authorises the 6 per cent in crease, denied in July, to carriers in central freight association territory on cement, brick, tile, clay and plaster. The exceptions to the horizontal 5 per cent increase in official classification ter ritory briefly are: 1. Rall-lake-and-rall, lake-and-rail, and rail-and-lake rates. S. Kates on bituminous coal and coke. .1. Rates on anthracite coal and Iron ore. commodities involved in pending pro ceedings. The decision provides that Joint rates between official and classification terri tory on the one hand, and southeastern territory, the southeast and points on or cast or the Missouri River on the other may lc increased not to exceed 5 per cent of the division of the rate accruing to carriers in o;cial classification territory. Interstate Rates Go tp. Interstate rates to and from New Eng land from and to points in trunk line or central freight association territories, where necessary to preserve establlsned relationships between ports or points in New England and points or ports in trunk line territory, may be increased not to exceed 5 per cent Subject to the maintenance of the At lantic port differentials, rates to and from New Tork may beincreased not So exceed S per cent, and rates to and fram Portland, Boston. Philadelphia and Bal timore may be increased to the extent necessary to maintain said differentials. The decision of yesterday is signed by Commissioners Daniels and McChord wbo stood out in favor of the 5 per cent In crease last July and Commissioners Clark, Paul, and Meyer. Chairman Harlan filed a dissenting opinion as did Commis sioner Clements. The majority decision, in part, follows: "When these cases were originally submitted, as also when the original re Port was prepared, the revenue and ex penditure account for June, ISM, and the property investment account for that fis cal year, ware not available, the war was unforeseen, and the results of our order were, of course, yet to come. Col lectively they present a new situation. Reports to the commission for the month f September, 1314. have since made possible a similar statistical statement for that month also. "These figures serve to emphasise our previous finding of the need of carriers In official classification territory, taken aa a whole, for Increased net revenue. "From whatever comparative stand Point viewed, the net operating revenues of the last fiscal rear must be regarded a Oaatuly low. While the gross reve nue la that year declined only about 3.4 par cent, the net revenue shrank ap proximately n.T per cent, as against the, previous fiscal year. "The situation is different when an at- ootrrnruKo on page two. ateaal Wwmh. New Vark f Itr. aaa U ths heart of thlnga At? STRASSBURG AND METZ SHELLED FROM THE AIR Eiit French Aviators Conduct Daring Raid on German Fortresses One Flier Reported Killed. Paris, Dec 18. News of a daring raid by French aviators Into German terri tory, during which they bombarded the great German fortresses of Mets and Strassburg. reached here today. There were eight aviators in the squadron that t out from Toul. Three confined their operations to Metz. while the others pro ceeded to Strassburg. Fifteen bombs were dropped upon the German fortifications at Mets, and con siderable damage is said to have been done. The aviators, operating from a height of 4.000 feet, obtained good results, they report. All withdrew safely. The five who went to Strassburg were driven off by aerial guns operated by the Germans. One of the machines is aid to have been wrecked and the avia tor killed. The others escaped and re turned to TouL NOMINEEOOWNED Senate Rejects Suggestion for Kansas City Post master. MAY TAKE BROADER STEP Considers Sending Note to White House with Rejection of Woman for Postoffice. The President sent to the Senate yes terday the nomination of W. N. Collina to be postmaster of Kansas City. Within j an hour after the nomination arrived the Senate that body had rejected it SECOND WILSON by unanimocs vote without the formality stock. The first block is alleged to have of reference to the Committee on Post-' been given by J. Chaunccy Williams to offices and Postroads for investigation i I lenry as security for a loan of JS.aOU.Y.. and report. - (Following this, and in an entirely sepa- When the nomination came up in execu- rate transaction, Pirkey deposited with tive session there was a hurried poll of j Henry for Lewis Johnson & Co. a cer the members of the Committee on Post-1 thVcete for ten shares of Southern Fa ofllces and Postroads who were present IcHte stock, with instructions to convert in the Senate and without exception they I it '"to Merenthaler Unolypc stock, announced themselves ready for summary ' Pirkey charges that when Williams of action In rejecting the nomination. ! f' red to curtail his loan to the extent of Very little was known to the Senate' ft" ,f the lifty si. ares which he had concerning Mr. Collins personally. He fell within the class of recess nomina tions" which the President had an nounced a few days before Congress met without consulting the Senators direct ly Interested. Senator Reed objected to the appointment. Holds to Tradition. There is a tradition in the Senate that no person shall be named ns postmas ter In the home city of a Senator who is personally objectionable to that Senator, and this rule has been adhered, to re gardless of partisan considerations. Sena tor Reed's home Is in Kansas City. He was at one time mayor of the city and has already been prominent in city af fairs A member of the Senate Judiciary Com mittee said yesterday afternoon he be lieved the President had taken legal ad vice of some of his official family, and believed that he could put men In office and keep them there, and that these ap pointees could draw their pay whether the Senate confirmed them or not "It is a serious business," said this Senator, "and I am not prepared to say Just what it will lead to. It is needless to try to conceal the fact that Senators are much concerned over it and are pro foundly shocked and surprised at the President's attitude. They will do noth ing hastily except reject these nominal tions. Some of the Senators have been In favor of refusing to accept nominations made by the President which have once been rejected by the Senate, and at least one Senator today advised the adoption of a motion to return the nomination of the Kansas City postmaster to the White House with a message to the President that the Senate declined to accept It." Second Caae la Day. The Kansas City postmastershlp was not the only stirring incident yesterday. The President sent to the Senate the nom ination of Marjorie O. Bloom as post mistress at Devils Lake, N. Dak. Mrs. Bloom's nomination was rejected by the Senate In October. The President rave her a, recess appointment following the rejection by the Senate, and she is now in office. The sending of the nomination again to the Senate yesterday In face of her rejection by that body as recently as October was not unexpected, but never theless created somewhat of a sensation. When the executive session ended Sena tors gathered in little groups and dis cussed the situation gravely. It is likely that when the Senate comes to deal with the case at Devils Lake It may go even further than a formal re jection of the nomination and refer it back to the President with a direction to the secretary of the Senate to call his attention to the fact that the nomination waa rejected by the Senate In Octber. The Bloom caae is unprecedented, so far as Senators can recall. John H. Bloom waa nominated for postmaster. Five hundred citizens of Devils Lake protested the nomination. The charges against Bloom were serious and Involv ed his personal character. The Senate Committee reported adversely on the nomination and the Senate rejected it in August. The President then sent to the Senate the nomination of Mrs. Marjorie Bloom, wife of the man whose nomination had been rejected. This nomination was in turn rejected by the Senate. The Presi dent then conferred a recess nomination on Mrs. Bloom aa soon as Congress ad journed and sha took tits office under a commission. SAYS BROKERS MET OBLIGATIONS WITWSTOCK Pirkey Charges Use of Super finance by Lewis John son & Co. HIS SHARES LOANED OUT Asserts Henry Gave Them to J. C. Williams to Balance Account. HUTCHINSON LIKEWISE SUES Claims Stock He Gave to Henry Was Delivered to Commercial National Bank to Meet Big Overdraft Super-flnance. In which stock and money were tossed back and forth in'a mad effort to balance accounts In sev eral institutions, was pictured yesterday in two suits flled for the recovery of stork deposited with the bankrupt Lewis .Khnson Co. Omar F. Pirkey petitioned for the re covery of stork now held by the Ameri can Security and Trust Company for J. Chaunccy Williams. Both the trust company and Williams are named de fendants. William J. Hutchinson sued for the re covery of stock now held by the Com mercial National Bank in the name of T. Blackwell Smith, its agent. Both are named defendants. lavolved Hundred Shares. According to the petition of Pirkey. the e, mplete transaction involved two blocks : of fifty shares each of Southern Paclfic originally given Henry as security for the entire loan should be returned to him. Henry took l'irke's ten shares and foity additional shares, the source of which is not explained, and turned the entire block over to Williams in li'U of I'm latter'.- tifty-share block. In order to make the curtailment if CIS on the original loan of S-'i.M.,, tliMIMtll ON l'AiE TWil. .rfn The Biggest Thing in the National Capital in a Newspaper Way TOMORROW Will Be the CHRISTMAS NUMBER In addition to all the news of all the world at home and abroad the only Four color Magazine Section, the only Pictorial War Section, and the many other exclu sive features, tomorrow's Sunday HERALD will be A Veritable Guide To Christmas Shoppers Bigger and Better SCANDINAVIAN KINGS CONFER AT COPENHAGEN Rulers of Sweden. Norway, and Den mark Hold Important Conference. Crowds Cheer Monarchs. London, Dae, 18 An Exchange tele gram from Copenhagen says: "Huge crowds witnessed the arrival at Malmn, acrosa the soemd from Copen hagen, of the three Scandinavian kings today. The city was en fete, the busi ness houses dosed and the principal buildings draped with entwined flags of the 'three countries. King Christian X. of Denmark, and King Haakon VII, of Norway, arived at 10 o'clock In the morning, the former aboard a cruiser from Copenhsgen, and the latter by secial train from Chris tiana. Both the monarchs were received by King Gustav V. of Sweden, with great cordiality, the monarchs embracing and kissing each other several times. At 13 noon the Important political con ference between the kings and their foreign ministers commenced. CITES LAWYERS FORCONTEMPT Sullivan and Fulton Charged with Attempt to Influence Jurors. LASKEY MOVES IN CASE Petition Says They Visited Two Grand . Jurors and Pleaded Innocence in Embezzling Case. Rule to show cause why they should not be adjudged in contempt of court in attempting to Influence grand Jurors was Issued yesterday by Chief Justice Cov ington, in Criminal Court No. 1. against Michael W. Sullivan and Creed M. Ful ton, lawyers of this city, both of whom have been indicted for embezzlement. I'nlted States Attorney l.askey mail the petition which Instituted contempt proceedings. The rule issued by Justice Covington is returnable January 4. Zachariah Hla kistnne. a florist nt 14ft! H street northwest, said, according to the petition, that Fulton came to his of fice on November Is. "Yea Are Perfectly Right." Fulton, according to Mr. Blackisto.ie. wanted "a little private conversation.'' Blackistone agreed, anil the two went into Blackfstone'a private office. Blacki stone was a member of the grand jury, and Fulton said he wanted to discuss a matter which was before it. Rlackistune CONTINUED ON PaOS TWO. . mm reTa" ft I? Than Ever SAME GERMANS PURSUE RUSSIANS; GREECE MAY WAR ON TURKS; FRENCH MAKE STEADY GAINS ALLIES GAIN COAST ATTACK Offensive in Flanders Succes- cessful at Every Point, Paris Reports. FIGHT IN SAND DUNES Shells from British Warships Force Germans to Evac uate Positions. ADVANCE ALONG MENIN ROAD Unofficial Report Says French and British Have Pressed Pasi Middlekerke. Sprcial CtWe to Th Wajhrortpn HiiH. Paris. Dec. IS. The allies' advance In Belgium is gaining momentum fast. Marked gains have been recorded In every forward movement attempted by the allies today, and the counter attacks of the Germans have been met through out successfully. At the extreme left of the allies' lines, where two days ago the French and Bel gian troops broke from Nleuport and advanced as far as Lombaertzyde. the allies today reached the Lombaertzyde road and took all the Ctcrman trenches to the eait of Steenstraate. capturing I'jO prisoners and three quick-firing guns and gaining nearly 30 yards. To the northwest of Ioinhaertz) rie. be tween the town and the bathing beach, the fighting among the sand dunes has ricvefeped to the advantage of the allies. who have made considerable progress with the aid of the British ships, which directed a severe tire against the flank of the German!. The C.ermana attemnted to blow uo the allies' trenches by bombs hurled from a Zeppelin, but the British warships. standing In close to shore, poured such a deadly tire upon the airship from their CoNTIM'KIl UN PAOE TWO. vrrn PRICE-5 Cents MOMENTUM GREECE TO WAR ON TURKEY, ROME HEARS A sfc afc sfc sfa saaJMSafca)j-a- st if-sti fft ACTION EXPECTED WITHIN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS &lrtal (aba t Tli? W.uhlnzlfD HaaiM Rome, Dec. 18. Greece will declare war on Turkey within the next twenty-four hours, according to authentic reports in diplomatic cir cles here tonight. The breach which has existed 'jitween Greece and Turkey is believed to have been widened hopelessly with recent develop ments in affairs between the countries. Only yesterday Greece protested violently against the death sentence pronounced on a Greek naval officer attached to the staff of the Greek Legation at Constantinople. This officer was arrested and condemned to death, after a court-martial, as a spy. The Greek Minister at Constantinople had demanded the release of the officer and through the minister the Greek government has protested against persecution of Greeks at Aivali, in Asia Minor. DRESDEN SUNK BY BRITISH SHIP German Cruiser Reported Sent to Bottom in Pacific by the Bristol. SAILED AWAY TO DIE 'I Am Going to Join My Comrades,' Said German Commander, Leav ing Punta Arenas. Sirrial table to Tht Wlahinfftrn Hri.l. Valparaiso. Chile. Dec. R The German cruiser Dresden is reported in a wireless dispatch received here last night to have been sunk off Cambridge Island, in the Pacific, by the British cruiser Bristol. The dispatch says that when the Dres den was overtaken by the British ship an engagement lasting forty minutes took place, and that the Bristol was badly damaged, but succeeded in send ing the Ih-esden to the bottom. Punta Arenas. Argentine. Pec. IS (by w-ireless to Buenos Ayres. Dec. IS). "I am going to join my comrades." were llw 's't words spoken by Capt. Koehler. of tn German cruiser Dresden to the German consul here as he went aboard hls vessel to sail to what he believed to " certain oestruction. During the course of a conference with the consul, the sug gestion was made to Capt. Koehler that he let his ship be Interned, but he re plied: "We will fight " Tells of Sea Battle. While the Dresden was here Capt. Koehler gave the first authentic account of the Falkland Islands battle. He said: "Tne German Pacific division left the Pacific to go to the Falkland Islands by .way of Cape Horn. The voyage was made without Incident. "A little before arriving at oar destina tion the commander of the division. Vice Admiral von Spee. detached one of our cruisers to explore and discover facts concerning the presence of English ships In the Islands. The ship returned and reported that there were two English cruisers. The admiral prepared at once to give battle to the hostile ships. Issuing the necessary orders. "Advancing toward the islands, in a little while we were able to make out the strength of the hostile forces. There were not two cruisers, but six. Our com mander kept to his resolution and con tinued to advance. "A little later, at the mouth of the bay, we noted two Dreadnoughts of the Lion type. 26.000 tons, more or less, whose presence was unknown before. I "The conditions were magnificent. The I weather was clear and calm. These con ditions made Impossible a combat with a chance of escape for the German fleet Admiral yon Spee persisted in his reso lution to give battle with the Scharn horst and Gnelsonau acting together, or dering at the same time the dispersal of the three other units, the minor cruisers. Lelpsig, Dresden, and Nuernberg. Meanwhile, the two cruisers above mentioned courageously faced the Eng lish fleet. The latter waa attacked by i our two cruisers, while the Leipzig, j Nuernberg, and Dresden tried to place themselves outside the range of the en- i emy's cannon, the only device compatl- ; ble with the circumstances, in vjew of the number, quality, and size of the Eng lish snips. "It suffices to remark that the English dreadnoughts were armed with 24-centl- meter cannon, while the Oerman cruisers only had 21-centlmeter cannon." KAISER TO RETURN TO FRONT. Has Completely Recovered from Illness, Says Official Statemeat. Berlin. Dec. 18 (via Amsterdam). Em peror William has recovered from his Illness and will return to the front this week, according to an official announce ment made today. lie held a long conference with Im perial Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg lb Wednesday, it Is said, and conferred the iron cross of the first class on the I chancellor. : I Baltimore and Ohio to Baltimore. SI. 25 round trip every Saturday and Sunday, good rs turning- until S a. tavl Monday. Adv. ' MURDER VERDICT OF BOMBARDMENT j British Jury Flays "German Culture" Which Led to Attack. MINE SINKS FIFTH SHIP Precautions Taken to Prevent Spies from Giving Teutons Further Information. Special Cable to T Wukinrtoa Herald. London. Dec. IS. The authorities along the east coast today began a vigorous search for German spies, who. every one is convinced, facilitated the German naval raids on Scarborough. Hartlepool and Whitby. If any spies are found they will be dealt with summarily. At several places all the Germans and Austrian have been detained, aa a precautionary measure. A notice has been posted at the bath In:: resort of Witherns'a, warning the ordered to fire on any persons seen signaling with flags or lights. Scarborough. England. Dec. lS.-Annther steamer was blown up and sunk off the cast early today by a mine believed to have been dropped by the German war ships that bombarded the coast Wednes day. This is the fifth vessel sunk within twenty-four hours. The identity of only three are known. They are the Eller water. Princess Olga and Varen. Twenty men on these three vessels were lost. Entire Crew la I.o.t. The vessel that went down early today carried with her all her crew. News of 1 her loss was brought by the launch Gwillis. which was too far away when the steamer was blown up to give any assist ance. j A verdict of murder was returned todav at the Inquest into the death of those killed by the German bombardment of this city on Wednesday. The coroner In announcing the verdict said: "Never before In this country has there been such a tragedy enacted as that on Wednesday, when the Germans thought proper, contrary to the rules of civilized nations, to make an attack on unfortified. i defenseless cities. Troops were here, but the city was not fortified. Such an attack would never be made by the British, aiul other nations would not approve of this kind of German culture. The verdict Is , thatthose killed met death in a murder ous attack." Hartlepool. Dec. 1. Hundreds of the inhabitants of Hartlepool fled today when some one spread inland false alarm that German ships again were off the port Workmen rushed to their nt their families to the homes and interior. Many of the refugees were reassured and returned to their homes tonight. THOUSAND PLACES FOR DEMOCRATS NOT GIVEN House Defeats Agricultural Census Plan. Which Is Bitter Pill for Party Men. A thousand jobs for a thousand Demo crats went glimmering yesterday when the House, by a vote of 179 to 137, de feated the provision In the legislative bill authorising the taking nt an agricultural census. The House not only struck out the provision authorizing an appropria tion of more than J2.0nP.0UO to defray the cost of the proposed census, but repealed the law passed in 1K09 authorizing the work. This was a bitter pill for many Demo- i crats to swallow. Their mouths have been watering for months over the pros- ' pect of having at their disposal the thousand Jobs that might have been i created. By a vote of 171 to 150 the House struck i j from the bill the provision allowing S cents a mile for the mileage of Senators I and Representatives, allowing Instead ac- tual traveling expenses. The hill, which carries a little more than $.V0O.0O0 for sundry purposes, was passed. ChrUtaaaa Holiday exearaloa fares ta all points via Norfolk & Western Rv. laauirs 141S N. T. Ave. Adv. 10SS IN FLIGHT, VON HINDENBIJRG PHONESKAISER Berlin Goes Into Transports of Joy Over Victory in Poland. CZAR'S FORCES IN FLIGHT Forty Thousand Reported Cut Off and Trapped Near Jezovv. WARSAW IS ' PANIC-STRICKEN Losses of Belligerents in East Set at 400.000 Muscovites Lose 125.000 in Killed and Wounded. Special Cable ts Th WiahlnrTcn Herald, Berlin. Dec. IS (via Amsterdam). The German nation today gave Itself up to wild rejoicing over the victory erer the Russians In Poland and the success of tha German attack against the British coast, in which two English torpedo boat de stroyers are reported to have been sunk and another badly damaged. The schools were closed and the chil dren paraded through the streets carry ing flags and singing the national an them. Headed by a military band, a de tachment of Husars passed through the Unter der Linden, escorting detachments of artillery and machine guns 'that had Just arrived from Poland, where they were captured In the fighting around Lodz a fortnight ago by the armies of Field Marshal von Hindenburg. All the public buildings and most of I the stores and dwellings were draped with German flags or with black, white and red hunting. Voa Hlndenhara- Man of Hoar. Marshal von Hindenburg is the man of the hour. His popularity knows no bounds. His fame Is being celebrated In song and verse. From nearly every win dow the grim face of this warrior, with its massive Jaw and shaggy brows, looks forth from decorated lithographs or paintings. Thousands of picture post cards are being turned out bearing the picture of the famous German genera! and describing his great feats in the eastern theater of war. Forty thousand Russians are reported to have been cut off from their main army and surrounded by Germans be tween Jezow and Sklerr.lewice. northeast of Lodz. These forces are said to have been trapped by a daring flanking move ment conducted by the German cavalry, who prevented their retreat until Infan try could b brought up. Warsaw Is said to be panlo-strioken. A rumor has reached the German eom r.iamlers in Poland that the Polish capi tal is to be evacuated and that the guns of the forts there already have been taken away to prevent their falling Into the hands of the Germans. "Raaalana ompletely Ranted." Emperor William has been Informed by Field Marshal von Hindenburg by tele phone that th victory of the Germans in Poland Is i omplete. The German com mander transmitted the first news of the Russian defeat to the Emperor yester day and today he sent further details. Casualties suffered by the German. Austrian and Russian armies In Poland number more than 400.00, according to a semi-official dispatch from Breslau. It states that in the Poland battles alone the Russian have lost 13.000 In killed and wounded, besides enormous numbers of prisoners.' "Further heavy losses are being in flicted upon the Russians as they re treat." the dispatch adds. "Our troops arc rapidly r'rsuing the enemy, who has been completely routed." An official statement Issued this after noon says of operations In the west: "The battle near Nleuport is favorable to us. but Is not yet ended. French at tacks between Labassee and Arras, also on both sides of the Somme River, failed with heavy losses to the enemy." BRIDE'S SHOT SAVES CHOKER. I ail Ian Wife Kills Wildcat as It 'Was A boat lo Leap. Palm Beach. Fta.. Dec. IS Richard Croker's Indian bride Is being congratu lated today on her skill with a rifle, which yesterday saved the former Tam many boss from a wildcat. Mrs. Croker. Cherokee princess, college girl, and suffragette, was hunting with her husband. He was under a tree when Mrs. Croker saw a wildcat on a limb above. As It was about to spring she broke Its spine with a bullet. "FLORIDA . W FT INDIAN' LIMITED" Atlantic Coast Line. S:03 p. m. Only train carrying through sleeper to Or lando and Tampa, with one night out service. 148 New York Ave. N. W-Adv.