Weather Cbndy; Warner.
WASHINGTON D. C. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1914. -TWELVE PAGES.
la W aafclaartaa aa Patau
Thereto. ELSEWHERE TWO CUTL
Few Exceptions toGeneral
Gain Are Made by
I. C. C. Ruling.
EXPLAIN THE REVERSAL
Business Will Have Added
Impetus Coal arid Lake
WAR UPSET THE FORMER RULE
Was Predicted Exclusively by The
Herald Decision Represents Favor
able Sign for Business Generally.
By JOSEPH P. AJITTIX.
The Interstate Commerce Commission
yesterday handed down its decision on
the application of railroads In official
classification territory for a 6 per cent
Increase in freight rates.
The decision grants the horizontal in
crease with a few exceptions, as ex
clusively forecast by The Washington
Herald last Monday morning. The in
creased revenue resulting from the de
cision is estimated at between (25,000,000
and 130,000,000. A decision issued last
July on a similar application granted
the railroads upwards of 116,000,000 ad
Yesterday's decision indicates a belief
on the part of the commissioners that
increased net revenues resulting from
reforms of administration and operation
suggested by the commission last July
together with the two large increases
above mentioned will swel the total up
to or beyond the SBO.OOO.OOO increase or
iginally asked by the carriers.
As predicted by The Herald, the deci
sion represents a distinct victory for the
railroads and a decidedly favorable sign
for business generally. Explaining the
reversal of its July decision, when of
ficial classification territory railroads
were denied a 5 per cant increase, the
commission declared that many facts were
not available at that time and that de
ductions from these statistics together
with the European war had much to do
Tvith the new attitude of the commls-
Iralnl Hoada Get laci
In addition to allowing the Increase in
official classification territory, the com
mission authorises the 6 per cent in
crease, denied in July, to carriers in
central freight association territory on
cement, brick, tile, clay and plaster.
The exceptions to the horizontal 5 per
cent increase in official classification ter
ritory briefly are:
1. Rall-lake-and-rall, lake-and-rail, and
S. Kates on bituminous coal and coke.
.1. Rates on anthracite coal and Iron
ore. commodities involved in pending pro
ceedings. The decision provides that Joint rates
between official and classification terri
tory on the one hand, and southeastern
territory, the southeast and points on or
cast or the Missouri River on the other
may lc increased not to exceed 5 per cent
of the division of the rate accruing to
carriers in o;cial classification territory.
Interstate Rates Go tp.
Interstate rates to and from New Eng
land from and to points in trunk line or
central freight association territories,
where necessary to preserve establlsned
relationships between ports or points in
New England and points or ports in
trunk line territory, may be increased not
to exceed 5 per cent
Subject to the maintenance of the At
lantic port differentials, rates to and
from New Tork may beincreased not So
exceed S per cent, and rates to and fram
Portland, Boston. Philadelphia and Bal
timore may be increased to the extent
necessary to maintain said differentials.
The decision of yesterday is signed by
Commissioners Daniels and McChord wbo
stood out in favor of the 5 per cent In
crease last July and Commissioners Clark,
Paul, and Meyer. Chairman Harlan filed
a dissenting opinion as did Commis
The majority decision, in part, follows:
"When these cases were originally
submitted, as also when the original re
Port was prepared, the revenue and ex
penditure account for June, ISM, and the
property investment account for that fis
cal year, ware not available, the war
was unforeseen, and the results of our
order were, of course, yet to come. Col
lectively they present a new situation.
Reports to the commission for the month
f September, 1314. have since made
possible a similar statistical statement
for that month also.
"These figures serve to emphasise our
previous finding of the need of carriers
In official classification territory, taken
aa a whole, for Increased net revenue.
"From whatever comparative stand
Point viewed, the net operating revenues
of the last fiscal rear must be regarded
a Oaatuly low. While the gross reve
nue la that year declined only about 3.4
par cent, the net revenue shrank ap
proximately n.T per cent, as against the,
previous fiscal year.
"The situation is different when an at-
ootrrnruKo on page two.
ateaal Wwmh. New Vark f Itr.
aaa U ths heart of thlnga At?
STRASSBURG AND METZ
SHELLED FROM THE AIR
Eiit French Aviators Conduct Daring
Raid on German Fortresses One
Flier Reported Killed.
Paris, Dec 18. News of a daring raid
by French aviators Into German terri
tory, during which they bombarded the
great German fortresses of Mets and
Strassburg. reached here today. There
were eight aviators in the squadron that
t out from Toul. Three confined their
operations to Metz. while the others pro
ceeded to Strassburg.
Fifteen bombs were dropped upon the
German fortifications at Mets, and con
siderable damage is said to have been
done. The aviators, operating from a
height of 4.000 feet, obtained good results,
they report. All withdrew safely.
The five who went to Strassburg were
driven off by aerial guns operated by
the Germans. One of the machines is
aid to have been wrecked and the avia
tor killed. The others escaped and re
turned to TouL
Senate Rejects Suggestion for
Kansas City Post
master. MAY TAKE BROADER STEP
Considers Sending Note to White
House with Rejection of Woman
The President sent to the Senate yes
terday the nomination of W. N. Collina
to be postmaster of Kansas City. Within j
an hour after the nomination arrived
the Senate that body had rejected it
by unanimocs vote without the formality stock. The first block is alleged to have
of reference to the Committee on Post-' been given by J. Chaunccy Williams to
offices and Postroads for investigation i I lenry as security for a loan of JS.aOU.Y..
and report. - (Following this, and in an entirely sepa-
When the nomination came up in execu- rate transaction, Pirkey deposited with
tive session there was a hurried poll of j Henry for Lewis Johnson & Co. a cer
the members of the Committee on Post-1 thVcete for ten shares of Southern Fa
ofllces and Postroads who were present IcHte stock, with instructions to convert
in the Senate and without exception they I it '"to Merenthaler Unolypc stock,
announced themselves ready for summary ' Pirkey charges that when Williams of
action In rejecting the nomination. ! f' red to curtail his loan to the extent of
Very little was known to the Senate' ft" ,f the lifty si. ares which he had
concerning Mr. Collins personally. He
fell within the class of recess nomina
tions" which the President had an
nounced a few days before Congress met
without consulting the Senators direct
ly Interested. Senator Reed objected to
Holds to Tradition.
There is a tradition in the Senate that
no person shall be named ns postmas
ter In the home city of a Senator who is
personally objectionable to that Senator,
and this rule has been adhered, to re
gardless of partisan considerations. Sena
tor Reed's home Is in Kansas City. He
was at one time mayor of the city and
has already been prominent in city af
fairs A member of the Senate Judiciary Com
mittee said yesterday afternoon he be
lieved the President had taken legal ad
vice of some of his official family, and
believed that he could put men In office
and keep them there, and that these ap
pointees could draw their pay whether
the Senate confirmed them or not
"It is a serious business," said this
Senator, "and I am not prepared to say
Just what it will lead to. It is needless
to try to conceal the fact that Senators
are much concerned over it and are pro
foundly shocked and surprised at the
President's attitude. They will do noth
ing hastily except reject these nominal
tions. Some of the Senators have been In
favor of refusing to accept nominations
made by the President which have once
been rejected by the Senate, and at least
one Senator today advised the adoption
of a motion to return the nomination of
the Kansas City postmaster to the White
House with a message to the President
that the Senate declined to accept It."
Second Caae la Day.
The Kansas City postmastershlp was
not the only stirring incident yesterday.
The President sent to the Senate the nom
ination of Marjorie O. Bloom as post
mistress at Devils Lake, N. Dak. Mrs.
Bloom's nomination was rejected by the
Senate In October. The President rave
her a, recess appointment following the
rejection by the Senate, and she is now
in office. The sending of the nomination
again to the Senate yesterday In face of
her rejection by that body as recently as
October was not unexpected, but never
theless created somewhat of a sensation.
When the executive session ended Sena
tors gathered in little groups and dis
cussed the situation gravely.
It is likely that when the Senate comes
to deal with the case at Devils Lake It
may go even further than a formal re
jection of the nomination and refer it
back to the President with a direction
to the secretary of the Senate to call his
attention to the fact that the nomination
waa rejected by the Senate In Octber.
The Bloom caae is unprecedented, so
far as Senators can recall. John H.
Bloom waa nominated for postmaster.
Five hundred citizens of Devils Lake
protested the nomination. The charges
against Bloom were serious and Involv
ed his personal character. The Senate
Committee reported adversely on the
nomination and the Senate rejected it in
The President then sent to the Senate
the nomination of Mrs. Marjorie Bloom,
wife of the man whose nomination had
been rejected. This nomination was in
turn rejected by the Senate. The Presi
dent then conferred a recess nomination
on Mrs. Bloom aa soon as Congress ad
journed and sha took tits office under a
Pirkey Charges Use of Super
finance by Lewis John
son & Co.
HIS SHARES LOANED OUT
Asserts Henry Gave Them to
J. C. Williams to Balance
HUTCHINSON LIKEWISE SUES
Claims Stock He Gave to Henry Was
Delivered to Commercial National
Bank to Meet Big Overdraft
Super-flnance. In which stock and
money were tossed back and forth in'a
mad effort to balance accounts In sev
eral institutions, was pictured yesterday
in two suits flled for the recovery of
stork deposited with the bankrupt Lewis
Omar F. Pirkey petitioned for the re
covery of stork now held by the Ameri
can Security and Trust Company for J.
Chaunccy Williams. Both the trust
company and Williams are named de
fendants. William J. Hutchinson sued for the re
covery of stock now held by the Com
mercial National Bank in the name of
T. Blackwell Smith, its agent. Both are
lavolved Hundred Shares.
According to the petition of Pirkey. the
e, mplete transaction involved two blocks
: of fifty shares each of Southern Paclfic
originally given Henry as security for
the entire loan should be returned to
him. Henry took l'irke's ten shares and
foity additional shares, the source of
which is not explained, and turned the
entire block over to Williams in li'U of
I'm latter'.- tifty-share block.
In order to make the curtailment if
CIS on the original loan of S-'i.M.,,
tliMIMtll ON l'AiE TWil.
The Biggest Thing in the National Capital
in a Newspaper Way
Will Be the
In addition to all the news of all the world at home and abroad the only Four
color Magazine Section, the only Pictorial War Section, and the many other exclu
sive features, tomorrow's Sunday HERALD will be
A Veritable Guide
To Christmas Shoppers
Bigger and Better
CONFER AT COPENHAGEN
Rulers of Sweden. Norway, and Den
mark Hold Important Conference.
Crowds Cheer Monarchs.
London, Dae, 18 An Exchange tele
gram from Copenhagen says:
"Huge crowds witnessed the arrival at
Malmn, acrosa the soemd from Copen
hagen, of the three Scandinavian kings
today. The city was en fete, the busi
ness houses dosed and the principal
buildings draped with entwined flags of
the 'three countries.
King Christian X. of Denmark, and
King Haakon VII, of Norway, arived
at 10 o'clock In the morning, the former
aboard a cruiser from Copenhsgen, and
the latter by secial train from Chris
tiana. Both the monarchs were received by
King Gustav V. of Sweden, with great
cordiality, the monarchs embracing and
kissing each other several times.
At 13 noon the Important political con
ference between the kings and their
foreign ministers commenced.
Sullivan and Fulton Charged
with Attempt to Influence
LASKEY MOVES IN CASE
Petition Says They Visited Two Grand .
Jurors and Pleaded Innocence
in Embezzling Case.
Rule to show cause why they should
not be adjudged in contempt of court in
attempting to Influence grand Jurors was
Issued yesterday by Chief Justice Cov
ington, in Criminal Court No. 1. against
Michael W. Sullivan and Creed M. Ful
ton, lawyers of this city, both of whom
have been indicted for embezzlement.
I'nlted States Attorney l.askey mail
the petition which Instituted contempt
proceedings. The rule issued by Justice
Covington is returnable January 4.
Zachariah Hla kistnne. a florist nt 14ft!
H street northwest, said, according to
the petition, that Fulton came to his of
fice on November Is.
"Yea Are Perfectly Right."
Fulton, according to Mr. Blackisto.ie.
wanted "a little private conversation.''
Blackistone agreed, anil the two went
into Blackfstone'a private office. Blacki
stone was a member of the grand jury,
and Fulton said he wanted to discuss a
matter which was before it. Rlackistune
CONTINUED ON PaOS TWO.
GERMANS PURSUE RUSSIANS;
GREECE MAY WAR ON TURKS;
FRENCH MAKE STEADY GAINS
Offensive in Flanders Succes-
cessful at Every Point,
FIGHT IN SAND DUNES
Shells from British Warships
Force Germans to Evac
ADVANCE ALONG MENIN ROAD
Unofficial Report Says French and
British Have Pressed Pasi
Sprcial CtWe to Th Wajhrortpn HiiH.
Paris. Dec. IS. The allies' advance In
Belgium is gaining momentum fast.
Marked gains have been recorded In
every forward movement attempted by
the allies today, and the counter attacks
of the Germans have been met through
At the extreme left of the allies' lines,
where two days ago the French and Bel
gian troops broke from Nleuport and
advanced as far as Lombaertzyde. the
allies today reached the Lombaertzyde
road and took all the Ctcrman trenches to
the eait of Steenstraate. capturing I'jO
prisoners and three quick-firing guns and
gaining nearly 30 yards.
To the northwest of Ioinhaertz) rie. be
tween the town and the bathing beach,
the fighting among the sand dunes has
ricvefeped to the advantage of the allies.
who have made considerable progress
with the aid of the British ships, which
directed a severe tire against the flank
of the German!.
The C.ermana attemnted to blow uo the
allies' trenches by bombs hurled from a
Zeppelin, but the British warships.
standing In close to shore, poured such
a deadly tire upon the airship from their
CoNTIM'KIl UN PAOE TWO.
GREECE TO WAR ON TURKEY, ROME HEARS
A sfc afc sfc sfa saaJMSafca)j-a- st if-sti fft
ACTION EXPECTED WITHIN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS
&lrtal (aba t Tli? W.uhlnzlfD HaaiM
Rome, Dec. 18. Greece will declare war on Turkey within the
next twenty-four hours, according to authentic reports in diplomatic cir
cles here tonight. The breach which has existed 'jitween Greece and
Turkey is believed to have been widened hopelessly with recent develop
ments in affairs between the countries.
Only yesterday Greece protested violently against the death sentence
pronounced on a Greek naval officer attached to the staff of the Greek
Legation at Constantinople. This officer was arrested and condemned to
death, after a court-martial, as a spy.
The Greek Minister at Constantinople had demanded the release of
the officer and through the minister the Greek government has protested
against persecution of Greeks at Aivali, in Asia Minor.
BY BRITISH SHIP
German Cruiser Reported
Sent to Bottom in Pacific
by the Bristol.
SAILED AWAY TO DIE
'I Am Going to Join My Comrades,'
Said German Commander, Leav
ing Punta Arenas.
Sirrial table to Tht Wlahinfftrn Hri.l.
Valparaiso. Chile. Dec. R The German
cruiser Dresden is reported in a wireless
dispatch received here last night to have
been sunk off Cambridge Island, in the
Pacific, by the British cruiser Bristol.
The dispatch says that when the Dres
den was overtaken by the British ship
an engagement lasting forty minutes
took place, and that the Bristol was
badly damaged, but succeeded in send
ing the Ih-esden to the bottom.
Punta Arenas. Argentine. Pec. IS (by
w-ireless to Buenos Ayres. Dec. IS). "I
am going to join my comrades." were
llw 's't words spoken by Capt. Koehler.
of tn German cruiser Dresden to the
German consul here as he went aboard
hls vessel to sail to what he believed to
" certain oestruction. During the course
of a conference with the consul, the sug
gestion was made to Capt. Koehler that
he let his ship be Interned, but he re
plied: "We will fight "
Tells of Sea Battle.
While the Dresden was here Capt.
Koehler gave the first authentic account
of the Falkland Islands battle. He said:
"Tne German Pacific division left the
Pacific to go to the Falkland Islands by
.way of Cape Horn. The voyage was
made without Incident.
"A little before arriving at oar destina
tion the commander of the division. Vice
Admiral von Spee. detached one of our
cruisers to explore and discover facts
concerning the presence of English ships
In the Islands. The ship returned and
reported that there were two English
cruisers. The admiral prepared at once
to give battle to the hostile ships. Issuing
the necessary orders.
"Advancing toward the islands, in a
little while we were able to make out
the strength of the hostile forces. There
were not two cruisers, but six. Our com
mander kept to his resolution and con
tinued to advance.
"A little later, at the mouth of the
bay, we noted two Dreadnoughts of the
Lion type. 26.000 tons, more or less, whose
presence was unknown before. I
"The conditions were magnificent. The I
weather was clear and calm. These con
ditions made Impossible a combat with
a chance of escape for the German fleet
Admiral yon Spee persisted in his reso
lution to give battle with the Scharn
horst and Gnelsonau acting together, or
dering at the same time the dispersal of
the three other units, the minor cruisers.
Lelpsig, Dresden, and Nuernberg.
Meanwhile, the two cruisers above
mentioned courageously faced the Eng
lish fleet. The latter waa attacked by i
our two cruisers, while the Leipzig, j
Nuernberg, and Dresden tried to place
themselves outside the range of the en- i
emy's cannon, the only device compatl- ;
ble with the circumstances, in vjew of
the number, quality, and size of the Eng
"It suffices to remark that the English
dreadnoughts were armed with 24-centl-
meter cannon, while the Oerman cruisers
only had 21-centlmeter cannon."
KAISER TO RETURN TO FRONT.
Has Completely Recovered from
Illness, Says Official Statemeat.
Berlin. Dec. 18 (via Amsterdam). Em
peror William has recovered from his
Illness and will return to the front this
week, according to an official announce
ment made today.
lie held a long conference with Im
perial Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg
lb Wednesday, it Is said, and conferred
the iron cross of the first class on the I
Baltimore and Ohio to Baltimore.
SI. 25 round trip every Saturday and
Sunday, good rs turning- until S a. tavl
Monday. Adv. '
j British Jury Flays "German
Culture" Which Led
MINE SINKS FIFTH SHIP
Precautions Taken to Prevent Spies
from Giving Teutons Further
Special Cable to T Wukinrtoa Herald.
London. Dec. IS. The authorities along
the east coast today began a vigorous
search for German spies, who. every
one is convinced, facilitated the German
naval raids on Scarborough. Hartlepool
and Whitby. If any spies are found they
will be dealt with summarily. At several
places all the Germans and Austrian
have been detained, aa a precautionary
A notice has been posted at the bath
In:: resort of Witherns'a, warning the
ordered to fire on any persons seen
signaling with flags or lights.
Scarborough. England. Dec. lS.-Annther
steamer was blown up and sunk off the
cast early today by a mine believed to
have been dropped by the German war
ships that bombarded the coast Wednes
day. This is the fifth vessel sunk within
twenty-four hours. The identity of only
three are known. They are the Eller
water. Princess Olga and Varen. Twenty
men on these three vessels were lost.
Entire Crew la I.o.t.
The vessel that went down early today
carried with her all her crew. News of
1 her loss was brought by the launch
Gwillis. which was too far away when the
steamer was blown up to give any assist
ance. j A verdict of murder was returned todav
at the Inquest into the death of those
killed by the German bombardment of
this city on Wednesday. The coroner In
announcing the verdict said:
"Never before In this country has there
been such a tragedy enacted as that on
Wednesday, when the Germans thought
proper, contrary to the rules of civilized
nations, to make an attack on unfortified.
i defenseless cities. Troops were here, but
the city was not fortified. Such an attack
would never be made by the British, aiul
other nations would not approve of this
kind of German culture. The verdict Is
, thatthose killed met death in a murder
Hartlepool. Dec. 1. Hundreds of the
inhabitants of Hartlepool fled
today when some one spread
alarm that German ships again were
off the port
Workmen rushed to their
nt their families to the
Many of the refugees were reassured
and returned to their homes tonight.
THOUSAND PLACES FOR
DEMOCRATS NOT GIVEN
House Defeats Agricultural Census
Plan. Which Is Bitter Pill for
A thousand jobs for a thousand Demo
crats went glimmering yesterday when
the House, by a vote of 179 to 137, de
feated the provision In the legislative bill
authorising the taking nt an agricultural
census. The House not only struck out
the provision authorizing an appropria
tion of more than J2.0nP.0UO to defray the
cost of the proposed census, but repealed
the law passed in 1K09 authorizing the
This was a bitter pill for many Demo-
i crats to swallow. Their mouths have
been watering for months over the pros-
' pect of having at their disposal the
thousand Jobs that might have been
By a vote of 171 to 150 the House struck i
j from the bill the provision allowing S
cents a mile for the mileage of Senators I
and Representatives, allowing Instead ac-
tual traveling expenses. The hill, which
carries a little more than $.V0O.0O0 for
sundry purposes, was passed.
ChrUtaaaa Holiday exearaloa fares ta
all points via Norfolk & Western Rv.
laauirs 141S N. T. Ave. Adv.
10SS IN FLIGHT,
Berlin Goes Into Transports
of Joy Over Victory
CZAR'S FORCES IN FLIGHT
Forty Thousand Reported Cut
Off and Trapped Near
WARSAW IS ' PANIC-STRICKEN
Losses of Belligerents in East Set at
400.000 Muscovites Lose 125.000
in Killed and Wounded.
Special Cable ts Th WiahlnrTcn Herald,
Berlin. Dec. IS (via Amsterdam). The
German nation today gave Itself up to
wild rejoicing over the victory erer the
Russians In Poland and the success of tha
German attack against the British coast,
in which two English torpedo boat de
stroyers are reported to have been sunk
and another badly damaged.
The schools were closed and the chil
dren paraded through the streets carry
ing flags and singing the national an
them. Headed by a military band, a de
tachment of Husars passed through the
Unter der Linden, escorting detachments
of artillery and machine guns 'that had
Just arrived from Poland, where they
were captured In the fighting around
Lodz a fortnight ago by the armies of
Field Marshal von Hindenburg.
All the public buildings and most of
I the stores and dwellings were draped
with German flags or with black, white
and red hunting.
Voa Hlndenhara- Man of Hoar.
Marshal von Hindenburg is the man of
the hour. His popularity knows no
bounds. His fame Is being celebrated In
song and verse. From nearly every win
dow the grim face of this warrior, with
its massive Jaw and shaggy brows, looks
forth from decorated lithographs or
paintings. Thousands of picture post
cards are being turned out bearing the
picture of the famous German genera!
and describing his great feats in the
eastern theater of war.
Forty thousand Russians are reported
to have been cut off from their main
army and surrounded by Germans be
tween Jezow and Sklerr.lewice. northeast
of Lodz. These forces are said to have
been trapped by a daring flanking move
ment conducted by the German cavalry,
who prevented their retreat until Infan
try could b brought up.
Warsaw Is said to be panlo-strioken.
A rumor has reached the German eom
r.iamlers in Poland that the Polish capi
tal is to be evacuated and that the guns
of the forts there already have been
taken away to prevent their falling Into
the hands of the Germans.
"Raaalana ompletely Ranted."
Emperor William has been Informed by
Field Marshal von Hindenburg by tele
phone that th victory of the Germans
in Poland Is i omplete. The German com
mander transmitted the first news of the
Russian defeat to the Emperor yester
day and today he sent further details.
Casualties suffered by the German.
Austrian and Russian armies In Poland
number more than 400.00, according to
a semi-official dispatch from Breslau. It
states that in the Poland battles alone
the Russian have lost 13.000 In killed
and wounded, besides enormous numbers
"Further heavy losses are being in
flicted upon the Russians as they re
treat." the dispatch adds. "Our troops
arc rapidly r'rsuing the enemy, who has
been completely routed."
An official statement Issued this after
noon says of operations In the west:
"The battle near Nleuport is favorable
to us. but Is not yet ended. French at
tacks between Labassee and Arras, also
on both sides of the Somme River, failed
with heavy losses to the enemy."
BRIDE'S SHOT SAVES CHOKER.
I ail Ian Wife Kills Wildcat
'Was A boat lo Leap.
Palm Beach. Fta.. Dec. IS Richard
Croker's Indian bride Is being congratu
lated today on her skill with a rifle,
which yesterday saved the former Tam
many boss from a wildcat.
Mrs. Croker. Cherokee princess, college
girl, and suffragette, was hunting with
her husband. He was under a tree when
Mrs. Croker saw a wildcat on a limb
above. As It was about to spring she
broke Its spine with a bullet.
"FLORIDA . W FT INDIAN' LIMITED"
Atlantic Coast Line. S:03 p. m. Only
train carrying through sleeper to Or
lando and Tampa, with one night out
service. 148 New York Ave. N. W-Adv.
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