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TOE WASHINGTON HERALD. SUNDAY. DECEMBER 20. 1914.
8 BRITISH CAPTURE GARDENQF EDEN Basra, Reputed in Fable to Be Adam's Birthplace, Is Taken. DATE PALMS ARE SACRED Ancient Town Alto Said to Have Been Haunt of Sinbad. the Sailor. Who Was Real Character. Cairo. Dec. 15. In capturing Basra. tost below the mouths of the Tigris and the Euphrates, the British now have the sat isfaction of eontroling the spot where God is popularly supposed to have created Adam. Basra is also the place from which the ship of Sinbad the Sailor carried him on his amazing adventure. From a political point of view Basra Is Important because the Germans In tended to end their Bagdad railroad there. It Is the center of the world's dste trade. Basra is on the Shstt-TJl-Arab, an es tuary formed of the combined waters -if the Tigris. Euphrates and Karun rivers. The Shah empties into the Persian Gulf. The British already controlled Fao, a cable .station on the gulf. From here the expedition proceeded up the western or Turkish bank of the Shatt Beautiful date palms line the waterway. Was Garden of Edr. The bank on the eastern side forms one edge of Adagan Island, traditionally the site of the Garden of Eden, but now boasting principally the refineries of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. The oil runs down 1J0 miles from the Bakhtlarl Mountains of Persia, where crude pe troleum gushes from the ground in abundance. Another site on the way to Basra is the home of the powerful Sheikh of Mo hammera. The British steamers always fire a salute when passing, because the Sheikh once came to the rescue of a British boat attacked by pirates near his home. Basra itself is on the southern side of the river. It is entirely modern, the old rlty of Basra from which Sinbad the Sailor made his seven voyages being now a good four miles Inland. Old Basra, now called Zotbelr, was in those days for Sinbad Is not an entirely fictitious character on the saa or, at least, on the salt tide that ebbed and flowed along tb Khor Abdulla, then the chief mouth of the Euphrates. lit to Stead Nlrse. The most conspicuous buildings in Bas ra are the British consulate, a sturdy, verandaed house, that, properly sand bagged, could give a good account of it self against mere rifle-Ore, and the Lynch offices, almost nest door. A little farther upstream Is the Ashar, a creak that ex tends for some distance southward from the river. It Is crowded with boats of all sues, from canoes to bungalows, and on the southeastern side is s kind 3f promenade between the creek and a row of tumble-down houses which represent the Piccadilly of Basra. Away in old Basra there is not much to see except the minaret of Bash-Ayysn, which la, perhaps, Ko years old, and has a picturesque courtyard. Nothing, un fortunately, recalls the Basra of Sinbad any more than modern Bagdad repre sents the Bagdad of the good Caliph Ha- i run-er-Raschld, except the dlrectldn of the streets and one lump of hard brick work, which is. alas fast dropping Into the Tigris. Bat the date gardens be tween Old and New Basra have a special interest of their own, for It waa the clay between the roots of the date palm at Basra that Jehovah gathered the clay with which he fashioned Adam In the Garden of Eden. For this reason the de vout afohamedan will never abuse his date trees, however much they fall him, for the command In the Koran runs: "Respect the date palms, for they are your aunts." Date Palms Sacred. Gibbon mentioned "The Christmss of St John, of Basra These are the Seba cans, a strange race that lives In the Euphrates' bed, and. besides dairy farm ing, earn a livelihood by making the one remaining mystery of metal work in the world. They execute beautiful Niello de signs in silver, gold and black, and would die rather than surrender the secret of the workmanship. They are a quiet folk, if only because they believe that St. John the Baptist was the real Messiah, and worship only him and the Pole Star. They keep thslr doctrine as much a se cret as their metallurgy, but certain tenets are admitted by them which link them not only with Christianity and Gnosticism, but with Islam and Zorcas-trianism. The letter carriers In Portugal save themselves much walking on Sundays by delivering letters at church. BUILDS AEROPLANE FOR EUROPEAN WAR! Whitettone Man Will Not Tell Which I Country Ordered It. Whitestone. L. I . Dec. 19 George j Cove, for the past three years a resident j of Breechhurss. has a contract from one of the European governments to build an aeroplane for use in the present war. It Is being secretly constructed In the old tin can factory oa North Eleventh street. Mr. Cove admitted that the machine Is to be used In the war, but refused to state what nation had ordered It. The machine will be built along the lines of the Curtis flyers and will be equipped with a patented balancer Invented by Mr. Cove. 1 Cove has for years been experimenting with flying machines and has a number of other patented inventions which will be used for the first time In this new flyer. It Is to have room for a mschlne gun and for bombs. J. T. M00RES WILL FILED. Wealthy Raekvllle lirnrr Leaves laeosae to Widow. Seeds is The Huhisftou Henud. Ruckville. M! . Dec. 1 -The will of Joseph T. Moore, financier, farmer and former State senator from this county, who died suddenly of heart failure re cently, has been admitted to probate In the Orphans' Court here. It disposes of a large estate, the value of which Is vari ously estimated at from SMO.000 to 11.000 -000. The will, dated April 18, 1906. names Joseph W. Tilton and Thomas U Moore, son-in-law and son. respectively, of the testator, as executors. Thomas 1. Moore, Frederick P. Moore and George H. Moore, sons of th- tes tator, each are given a paid-up lire In surance policy of SS.OO0. The will provides that 00,000 In life Insurance be equally divided among the six children of the deceased, and that the Income from the residue of the estate be paid to the widow, Mrs. Ellxa H. Moore. "Gibson Girl's" Husband Slain. Ixndon. Dec. 19 Tonight's casualty list Includes among the names of officers killed In the fighting in France and Bel glum that of ('apt. Hon. Henry U Bruce, of the Royal Scots. Capt. Bruce was the heir of Lord Aberdare and was married to Camllle Clifford, the New York act ress, who was known as the original "Gibson Girl." )ia Note M. PHILIPS International Book Store 1233 Seventh Street N. W. STATIONERY, TOYS and CIGARS GREET WITH MUSIC XMAS AND THE NEW YEAR! A Columbia Grafonola should be in your or your friends' boose. YOU CAN ARRANGE FOR SPECIAL TERMS OF PAYMENT The Meteor $1T50 .' . 'The Favorite' 50 The Eclipse $2500 .. The Jewel $35,00 January Records for 1915 are on sale now. Records from 65c to $7.50, always in stock. Open late evenings and Sundays. It's All Wrong, Papa; It's All Wrong. -By Goldberg. ( opvTsfht, 114, bjRL. Goldberg sssjssssssj - aeeewsasasssaaeeewsaaasaasseewi FwH Clb THHK3 KW.L fco- lOUSt- ff BUSTe IUAM S AV BeF sxevo- JSKL Uttu? -pS ftof. J I hi BesATHbNortnLWj- -JfcJ cue or rv ?iece of VT5 omlk -renj . Bi w Wu Ar-ek rvt&te's mo - S5 .-2 rll " - A jT W j None ot the Others Know What the Song Is About, Either. By Goldberg. Oowfrksht, 114, bjR. L. OoMbarg W rt r UJXW WAY Trt-vlVrr flrVBeUaSLL ItSTG. 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