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"rsf .-5ft v -y ' s-x.ZT V-ts r-f. X The Largest Morning Circulation In Washington The Largest Morning Home Circulatiom NO. 3209 WEATHER PROBABLY FAIR. WASHINGTON. D. 0.. SUNDAY, JULY 25, 1915. FIVE CENTS. MORE THAN 1,400 CHICAGO PICNICKERS DIE WHEN EXCURSION BOAT UPSETS AT HER DOCK ., - RUSSIANS DEFEATED AT TWO POINTS IN POLISH BA TTLEFIELD Von Buelow Wipes Out Whole Army Corps Of Defenders Von Hindenburg Storms Poltusk and Rozan Positions. EXPECT WARSAW TO FALL SOON London Military Critics Have Small Hope for Successful De fense of Polish Capital. Despite Strength of Slavs Along Lublin-Cholm Railroad. "pedal Cable to The WnMilnKtsn Ileralil. London, July 24. Two great battles have been won by the Germans, one in Poland and one due north of Warsaw, where Von Hindenburg has crossed the Narew. While the Austro-German armies to the immediate west of the Polish capital and along the Lublin-Cholm unable to break the Russian resistance, military critics here and in Petrograd of Warsaw. Field Marshal von Buelow, after a chase of ten days, has practically wiped out the Fifth Russian army, according to an official statement re ceived heie from Berlin. The battle, which took place in the region of Rossieny and Schadow, ended with the German artillery blowing up the Russian defenses and the German cavalry dashing in among the panic stricken Russians who were cut down by the horsemen as they fled in a wild rout in all directions. Great Mores of booty have beenf tawen-.acco.dT ! Tl I T III, ai' ' 11 mil e.' ii '-- t. - 1 .. bl lo Udssif So far as enunic-J -. (I tuanfi.ntA s-n nnnn Yitt beeiKT .aptuied together with thirty aa.cfcfne'i pun, upwards oMtlft munition arou.s iiiepi bacjage ecns, ana oiner ma f-ml of all kinds. I'orre Nnrew f'rosstnc Tlns arm) which has been re-enforced h an entire axm corps IS now t-weepinK touthuard In hat the German official report describes as an "irresistable attack" tlrt troops under Von Hindenburg; Mormed the fortified ity of Pultiisk and the ctronf? positions at TJozan and. pressing ahead m the heels of the Rus cUns. forced a pasaae of the Carev on a wide front between these two points Great bodies of troops were thrown to the southern bank of the river where the Germans quickls consolidated their po sitions and prepared for .in advance acainst the Bub las.t narrier to Warsaw Take "Much "War Floot?. Tor months the German' have been battering at the Narcw line" I-ast win ter thev were thrown hack time and again from the positions thev now have taken in their earlj drive on Warsaw Great numbers of prisoners and larce ijuantitics of war material are reported b Berlin to have been captured in the fall of Hozan and Pultusk, oth of which had been constructed b the Russians with a 'view of withstanding the strong est attacks This bootv has not as ei lecn classit.ed DrnvTlnsr lvnnciirnl Lines. On the lines dirertlj in front of War saw there haB leen little lishtinc The Germans have attempted no frontal as saults here and it is believed that they either are nierelv encagd in a clnakinjr movement here while their main forces hit at Warsaw from other directions or nie awaiting re enfon-ements before be Klnning serious operations The Germans report that they are draw inc their lines closer to Ivangorod. the preat Vistula fortress and state that stubborn tlchtlns is continuing aloni; the Lublin-Cholm lines The Russians are offerinc their createst resistance In this: region and v on Maekenen Is being forced to pav dearlv for everv inch of ground gained Rjsslan atfici:s acainst th bridgehead position established bv the Austrian" at bokal have been repulsed. BEATEN AND ROBBED, Ckarlra oimU Mnckril b, Two rn roes. Charles Wood, of 63 M street south east, was attacked and robbed by two negroes while crossing a lot on M street at South Capital and One-half streets southeast. esterday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Woods was struck and knocked down with a heavy Instru ment, he told police While he was In prostrate position, the assailants held 111 in and rubbed him of $6. Although the assault was made In broad day light, no help was attracted to the scene, and the assailants escaped with ease. Woods was unable to furnish a description of the negroes. Germans Take Swede Ships. Copenhagen. July It. The Swedish steamers. Helos and Eva, have been cap tured by German warships in the Baltic and taken Into port nt Swinemunde. Ger many. Railway so far appear to have been! the two disasters in the north lead to practically concede the early fall! BAYONNE STRIKERS TO RESUME THEIR WORK, PENDING SETTLEMENT Arrangements Made to Arbitrate. Back on Jobs Monday Will Cut Down Demands. Bdjorna. N J. July II Arrangements to arbitrate the strike In the Standard and Tidewater Oil Company plants here were made late this afternoon At a meeting of strikers the men voted to return to work Monday pending set tlement of their differences A suKsetlon that the demands of the trikers bo modified to include onlv a 13 per cent increase in wages. a Tift -hour week and guarantees that all strikers would be rehired was adopted. The original strike ultimatum held out for time and a half overtime, better work ing conditions and elimination Of certain foremen disliked by the men The plants affected bj the latest de cision of the strikers are the Standard Oil Companv. Tidewater Oil Companv and acuum Oil Companv with a combined pav roil of JST.oiO per week. BOMB IN ALLIES' SHIP STARTS $150,000 FIRE Twenty Men Loading British Tramp Steamer in New York Endangered by Blast. New York. July 24. An explosion be lieved to have leen due to a war bomb, set fire to the British tramp steamer Cragside today at the foot of West Twent-thlrd (street and endangered the lives of twenty men in the hold The boat was being loaded with sugar for the allies and the explosion Is be lieved to have btn due to a bomb, placed m one of the bags. Two fire boats rushed to the aid of the vessel and the fire was gotten under control with great difficulty. The ves sel vva to have sailed tonight. The fire caused a loss of S150.000; 21, fino bags of sugar being destroyed. OFFICIALS DESERT CAPITAL. Ilnrlesnn "Nits nn Mil" A'hll HUM Others re Airny, Washington is a desrted village on this j week-end sp far as officialdom Is con- cerned. President Wilson and seven of the ten members of the Cabinet are out of town. Secretary of State l-inslng is spend ing the week-end at Manchester, Mass., as the guct of Col. House. Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo Is In Maine: Attorney General Gregory Is at Blue Ridge Summit. Tenn.; Secretary of la bor Wilson is at his country .home In Pennsvlvanla, and Secretary of the Navy Daniels nt Moorehead. N. C. Secretary of Commerce Redfleld is away on his vacation, and Secretary of "War Garri son at SeabtighL As the senior member of the Cabinet In the city. Postmaster General Burleson Is "sitting- on the lid." Story of Wreck in Flotsam. Copenhagen. July 21. Fisherman from Manko Island, report finding floatlns wreckage of a German steamer, which Is believed to have, been blown up by a mine. Covers of ammunition cases were among: the flotsam. CANADIANS AGAINST BRITISH RECRUITERS Montreal, July 34. MaJ. Emllr Rnncer, who recently returned from ihe front, and several offi cers front local battalions were Inst night presented from con dnetlne a recrnltlne meetlne In Fare I. a Fontaine by an angry crowd of more than 1,000 men and boys, who after ahoatlng "We won't hne conscription. pelted the speakers with mis sites. WILSON TACKLES U. S. Now Stands Committed to Contend, "At Any Cost," for Freedom of Seas. DATA FOR NOTE READY Protest Will Not Be Dispatched Until German Situation Assumes More Definite Form With President Wilson's note on the submarine issue now before the German government, officials in Washington are turning their attention to the situation that has arisen thiough Great Britain's attitude toward the rights of neutrals In the conduct of her blockade of Ger many. Prlsident Wilson, through the note which has just been delivered at Ber lin, stands committed now to protest these rights "at any cost" He will be obliged to fullflll his solemn promise to Germany, to contend for the freedom of, the seas "from whatever quarter vlo UvtV . V hlle the President., according to the Washington view, must now takeGreat Britain to task as vigorouslv- and as in sistently as he thas the German govern ment, there is considerable doubt as to when the President will enter upon this course of action. Did nt Follow dvlrr. There is reason to believe that some of" the President's most competent advisers urged him from the 6tart that he ought to use practically the same language in dealing with both Germany and Great Britain when it came to the assertion of the rights of the United States under international law. The President, however, followed the course of dealing more vlgorouly with Germany because the issue was more pressing and involved not a question of property, but the safety of American lives. It was learned vesterday that data for the protest to Great Britain already have been gathered and that the note Is in course of preparation. This note will not. according to the understand ing In Washington, be dispatched until President Wilson knows definitely Just how serious the German situation is likely to he as a result of the com munication Just delivered In Berlin. The Wasklngton administration has no de sire to stir up another bitter contro versy with one of the European powers until it knows exactly where it stands as regards its relations with Germany. It Is realized here that the German government and the German people can make the submarine issue now just as serious as they see fit to make It. The United States, having sent Its final word to Berlin, will he forced to act In the event of further violation of American rights. As viewed here the President's note Is open to two Interpretations by the German people. They may regard the President's severe language in describ ing the Lusitania sinking and hla forceful warning against any further attack upon American life as over shadowing and obscuring all other fea tures of the note. If this view of the communication predominates. It Is acknowledged here that the anger of the German people is likely to be aroused and that the situation will be full of danger. Wilson's Advisers Hopefnl. If. on the other hand, the German people shall emphasize chiefly the friend ly character of the communication and the President's willingness to co-operate with Germany to maintain freedom of the seas, together with the Intimation that he will assert the rights of the United States against England, the situation wilt be encouraging. The President and hla advisers are ex tremely hopeful that the, latter features of the note will Impress themselves deep ly upon the German mind. There was some speculation here -yesterday as to the character of the act which the United States would regard as "deliberately unfriendly." The Im pression when the note was given out was that the words "deliberately un friendly" applied to another attack like that of the Lusitania. in which" American Uvea "re sacrificed. 'X careful readme of the .note tseems to Indicate that the OOHTIMJED JfROsTpAOS OKa. BRITSH ISSUE Eastland Disaster Worst Sea Tragedy in Modern Fistory The loss of life on the Eastland was the largest of any disaster to a single ship in history. Following are the most important disasters of recent years: Ship Cause of Wreck Maine Blown up in Havana Harbor. La Bourgogne. .. Collision at sea Portland Wrecked off Cape Cod General Slocum.. Burned in East River Norge Foundered in mid-ocean Larchmont Collision off Rhode Island. Columbia Collision off California 1907 Liberte Explosion in Toulon Harbor 1911 Titanic Hit iceberg in mid-Atlantic 1912 Kickemaru Foundered off Japan 1912 Volturno Fire at sea 1913 Lusitania Torpedoed ., 1915 Eastland Turned turtle 1915 Eastland, "Crank of Lakes," Carried Doom in Her Hull Failed to Come Up to Specifications, Says One of Judges, Who Witnessed Her Trial Run Top Deck Cut Off Twelve Years Ago. Chicago. Jul II. "The Eastland was the crank of the lakes, and as far as I know the only crank on the lakes." W. J. Wood, naval architect, who was call ed by the owners In 1903 to correct faults in the boat, asserted tonight. In 190.1 Wood made representations to Capt. Ira Mansfield, local steamboat inspector, which resulted In an order to cut off the top deck of the Vessel and to keep the water ballast compartment" 'J! lied. "The deck was cut off tn pursuance of Capt. Mansfield's order.' Mr Wood said, "but It would be impossible to pass on the cause of the accident until it Is known whether the other conditions were fulfilled at the time of the overturning of the boat." The Eastland was -built by the Port Huron Shipbuilding Company, and on Its trial run In 1903 failed to come up to specifications, according to Mr. Wood, who was one of three Judges to pass on its performances. "The gangways were not watertight." said Mr Wood, "and I was called on "Stop! You'll Spoil the Tells Men Trying Chicago. July It "Hey! Stop that! You'll spoil the boat'" That was ("apt. Harry Peterson's sreet ing to the fifty steel workers called from work on a new skj sera per to cut holes In the side of the overturned steamer Eastland to rescue the Imprisoned men, women, and children. The men, armed with powerful acetylene burners, were melting holes in the steel hull. "Who told ou to do that?" the captain demanded. "The pollre." answered E. Nelson, a welder. "Well. 1 don't want the boat spoiled. You get oft here'" shouted Peterson. I Just then First Assistant Superintendent of Police Herman Schuettler saw Peter I son. 1 "Arrest that man and every member of his crew'" shouted the commanding po lice official. "This d d old tub ought to have been burned before this hap pened. Spoil the boat!" Four priests took their lives In their Navy Quartermaster Killed, Three Friends Injured, When Auto Upsets John F. Yoeckcl, a quartermaster at the navy ard, was almost Instantly killed early last evening when an auto mobile in which he and three friends were riding overturned eight miles south west of Rockvllle. Md. Yocckel was pinned beneath the machine. His skull was fractured and his neck broken. Yoeckel was riding with Miss Lulu Mc Nally and her mother and step-father, Mr. and Mrs. Frederick A. Piper, of 13 Sixth street northeast. Mrs. Piper was Injured seriously and taKen to Providence Hospital "Miss McNally and Mr. Piper received minor wounds. Yoeckel and Miss McNally had changed seats In the front "of the automobile shortly before the accident, the former taking- the steering gear. They were skimming along the Rockville-Dames- Turks lepulsed oa Oallipoli. London, July 24. Sir Ian Hamilton, commander of the British land forces-at the Dardanelles, reported today that the Turks had attacked the allies' trenches on the southern flank, on the Gattlpoll peninsula, hut -were repulsed with heavy losses. , s SM. AfdM-rttto m nT -tlsveety oi-tne wcy, ir. wasaincton 4: p.' Aturust IX." Soothara Sallwar. Adr. t i. -"'" s ', Uvea Ist. 264 571 157 1.000 750 131 100 233 1.490 1.000 136 1.134 1.491 Date. .. 1898 .. 1898 .. 1898 .. 1904 .. 1904 .. 1907 to correct that fault as well as some of the other faults in the interior of the hull. "It was most important that the water ballast compartments should be filled at all times. It was also Important that the passengers should not crowd on one tide of the upper deck. "It seems to be evident that the pas sengers were not where they belonged when this accident happened. "The fault In the Eastland was in the hull. I told the builders at the time 1 was called to Inspect some parts of It that it was not properly designed, and they told me they had spent C000 for In spection and were willing to spend $10,000 to have It right. Subsequently they sold the boat, and they teemed never to have favored it very much. "The Eastland had almost no body at all, and this was its main weakness. Other boats on the lakes look at top heavy as did the Eastland, but they are absolutely safe because their hulls are properly constructed." Boat!" Captain to Rescue Passengers hands that the passengers on the East land who still had a breath of life, but who were dbomed because of the in juries, might die with all the rites of the church. Father Thomas Kelly, of the Pre cious Blood parish; Father John O'Hearn. and Father Herman Wolff, of the Cathedral parish, and Father D. J Dunne went out upon the side of the ship llng out of the water and ad ministered conditional absolution to all aboard. Father O'Hearn went Into the hold and heard the dying confes sions of a dozen men and women. He came out only when the firemen no ticed his faint condition and made him leave. One captain and several patrolmen set upon a diver, who had Just come ashore after bringing thirty dead bodies from the river, and beat him unconscious when he did not want to desist from returning to the water after more bodies. town turnpike at about S o'clock when a herd of cows broke Into their pathway from a cross-road. Yoeckel threw on the brakes, which held but two side wheels. The automobile was thrown about from the momentum, facing In the opposite direction and plunging across a ditch. The machine turned over, rolling sev eral feet and pinning Yoeckel down. His body was entangled about the steer wheel. The other three occupants were thrown out. Passersby lent assistance and summoned 'physicians, among them being Dr. C. H. Nourse, of Galthersburg. Miss McNally-and Mr. and Mrs. Piper were brought to Washington in the auto mobile of A. O. Carlisle, a Galthersburg furniture merchant Mr. Piper Is -an examiner In the Government Patent Office. u Kaiser Lands Army Corps. London. July, 2t The Germans have landed 40,000 troops on the Russian coast near Iabau. according to a telegram "to the Telegraph fronr Petrorrad. Ivlih.. Uered by .military expert that the Oer-l mans are aiming to cut, the northern lines of communication leading Ijita "Warsaw, then try to occupy Riga, X-mkM.T. ""fa -en ,. Hundreds of Bodies Still Held at River Bottom in Hulk of "Top heavy'9 Ship BECKER'S APPEAL Governor Blasts Last Hope of Former Policeman for Retrial. CORNERS NEW WITNESS Forces Murphy, Sing Sing Inmate, to Admit He Broke Prison Rules to Talk with Condemned Man. STeciil to The Wafhlncton HraM. Albany, N. Y., July II Joseph Murphy, the new witness In whom Charles Becker rests his last hope for a new trial and life, was brought from Sing Sing, where he Is serving a life sentence fop murder, to the executive mansion today. For two hours he sat in the executive library at the great mahogany desk across from the governor and submitted to a gruelling examination. It was toward the close of the examina tion that the governor trapped the con vict into an admission which he regards as completely dcstrojlng Murphy's story. Story n "Frame Up." The convicted slaver admitted that last Sunday night he obtained admission to the death house through subterfuge and had a long talk with Becker. Earlier In the examination he declared that he had never talked with Becker In his life. The governor franklv declared that he regard the story of Murph, which is the principal factor in the application for a third trial on the ground of newly dis covered evidence, as a "frame-up." He said: "Murphy gained admission to the death house Sundav night, having been granted permission by the Mutual Welfare League to go as h singer with the entertainment committee. Trip Ordered 1 Governor. After hearing Murphy's story. Gov. Whitman called Warden Osborne at his home In Auburn and ordered that the two guards on duty In the death house Sunday night be dismissed and that a full investigation be made by the warden. The convict's trip to the executive mansion was ordered by the governor In response to a written response received from Murph) last Tuesday. Gov. Whitman has sent a full report of his examination of Murphy to District Attorney Perkins to be used in the ex amination of that witness before Justice Ford Mondav. FLIES DEADLIER THAN BULLETS IN THE WAR Sir Frederick Treves Says Pestilence Threatens Through Presence of Insects. London, July 24. Sir Frederick Treves was to have presided at a meeting held at the Mansion House recently to inau gurate a national campaign against flies, but was prevented from doing so. And It was files that were responsible for his absence, if his own suspicions are cor rect, as he explained in this letter, which was read at the meeting: "I am sorry I cannot attend the meet ing. More than a month ago I acquired through flies, I suspect complaint in Alexandria which has got gradually worse, until now I am laid up In bed. Had I been able to attend the meeting I should have liked to have laid stress upon the gravity and Importance of the subject. "In South Africa during the war there were more casualties di'e to files than to bullets. In France the presence of so many nnburled dead makes the fly ques tion a very serious one. In Alexandria, owing to the vast number "of cavalry horse lines near the town, the trouble of flies a becoming really distressing. It only wants a definite 'source of infection to be Introduced for an epidemic to run rampant. "Fly-bome disease should cease to ex ist. Its very existence Is a discredit to the Intelligence of the people." BELGIANS. IN UPRISING. Manx Injured In Ghent In Holiday " Celebration Riots. Amsterdam. July 24. According to ad vices received today, rioting broke out In Ghent on Friday during the celebra tion of a .national holiday and 200 arrests were made, tin fighting between German soldiers and civilians many persons were wouded. 91.00 HrBsrs, Kerry. 1JB Xartlnskar-r. 1.3 Berkeley Snrlasa, and true to-CnatberIan4 and Stetnra. 'Baltimore and Ohio Sunday, August 1, from-Unlon Station S:2$ a. m. JJUturainc FRAMED WHITMAN same'dajr. Adv. Federal and Municipal Inquiries Immediately Started to Probe What is Declared to Be Greatest and Strangest Maritime Disaster in History Captain and Part of Crew Ar rested Mob Attempts LynchingSkipper Orders Rescue Workers Away From Ship When Engineers Start Drilling Through Hull to Release Victims Chicago Goes Into Mourning Armory and Warehouses Converted Into Morgues Police Battle With Mourners. BULLETIN: Chicago, July 25. At 1 o'clock this morning the Western Electric Company's bulletin of information announced that 1,009 of the passengers aboard the Eastland had been accounted for as alive. Of the 919 bodies at the Second Regiment Armory at that hour 161 had been identified. Few bodies had been identified at the various morgues. Speelal to The snhlnRtnn Herald. Chicago, July 24. While steel workers were melting off the hull of the excursion steamer Eastland with acytelene torches, which threw a ghastly light upon the scene, and while divers groped in the black hold and sub merged staterooms, bringing up more bodies of women and children, Chicago I tonight counted her dead in the greatest marine disaster in history. "More than 3,000 dead," said police and fire officials in charge of the grewsome task. The estimates ran from 1,700 up to 3,000. The exact figure will probably never be known, although the locks near Joliet have been closed, practically stopping the current, and nets have been stretched across the Chicago River to prevent any dead from floating down to the Mississippi The Second Regiment Armory was thrown open at 10 o'clock tonight where 600 bodies were arranged in rows for identification by mothers, fathers, brothers, sisters, and sweethearts. While the police clubbed the weeping and shrieking throng of tens of thousands into line, women were crushed and men, weary with a day of distraught grief, fainted. Two Federal government investigations and a combined inquiry by Coroner Peter Hoffman, State's Attorney Maclay Hoyne, and the city of ficials were set on foot tonight. STRANGEST DISASTER IN HISTORY. The Chicago Federation of Labor wired President Wilson at his sum mer home, demanding a full investigation. Coroner's Physician C. C. Healy was recalled from his vacation, and Mayor W. H. Thompson boarded the first train from San Francisco. Somebody must have been to blame for this strange disaster which snuffed out the lives of 3,000 picnickers, mostly women and children. Officials are determined to find out who were guilty. Capt. Charles N. Wescott, of Detroit, Federal supervising inspector of all lake vessels west of Lake Erie, will arrive early tomorrow. Local in spectors tonight began summoning witnesses and questioning them. The maximum penalty under the Federal law for boat captains or owners found guilty of carelessness which results in loss of life is ten years imprison ment, or a fine of $10,000, or both. The government officials are determined that the blame and the penalty shall be fixed on the guilty persons. There were reports that the 365-foot steamship was known to be "cranky" and "topheavy." These reports will be traced down and experts called to explain the structure of the ship in the hope of showing how the vessel could break all the laws of probability by lying down on her side in a quiet stream, like a tired horse between the shafts, and drowning or suffocating practically everybody on board. It was impossible tonight to get what were even claimed to be accurate figures on the number of dead. Directors of the picnic party said more than 700 had been registered as saved, but their list was found full of duplications and the police said not more than 500 had been saved. Government inspectors insisted that they had counted every soul going aboard, and that there were exactly 3,500. Mr. Greenebaum said there were exactly 3,408. Two officials of the. picnic com mittee said more than 1,000 got aboard before the inspector began to count, and that there were 3,700 aboard. CORONER TO HEAR HUNDRED WITNESSES. So the estimates of dead ran from 1,700 to 3,000, and the police on the scene held to "more than a.ooo." Coroner Hoffman tonight impanelled a jury and adjourned the inquest until he could get a chance to hear the hundred-odd witnesses called by the State's attorney and the Federal grand jury. Late tonight detectives located and arrested Walter C. Steele, secretary of the St Joseph-Chicago Steamship Company. He was, on his farm near St. Joseph, Mich., when notified of the disaster, and' came to .Chicago by train. He was questioned by State's Attorney Maclay Hoyne and First Deputy Superintendent of Police H.-Schuetler. Then he-was locked up for the night 1 The St Joseph-Chicago Company owned the Eastland and leased it to the Indiana Transportation Company to carry the Western Electric Com pany picnickers to Michigan City. x Jt was charged during the day that the boat while ia service at Cleve land aad South Haven had been pronounced dangeroHS. It was said that HKTaKmro fags two.' f - V -!. iA j &. ,.ir5v9'fiiS-?v v. .N-v:, .M:B -- iildMMiMMM Jx waSat.. -ifc .USiS JIg?SSS6, ?-KiiX-SS,43 fSCS-? i i imts rrnrair r- B-wTsTBTsBVa-,--'jfci' .--" . W- frs7-. VTr W.Vi ei- .V"T rcsa 1WLK &"&.