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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, September 06, 1915, Image 1

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The Largest
Morning Circulation
In Washington.
The Largest
Home Circulation.
NO. 3250
In Washington and Palate 8aaaiaa
Teutons Preparing to Under
take Advance on
Riga Defenses.
Wil! Soon Establish line of Defense
Against the Russians, Mili
tary Critics Expect.
Occupation of Dvinsk and Vilna In
cluded in Plans of Kaiser's Gen
erals. London Believes.
Bpntl Cvb'.e to Tb Wuhinston Hmld.
London, Sept. 6 With the bridge
heads of Friedrrlchstadt and Lenne
wardene in their hands, the Germans
are preparing to attempt a passage of
the Xiemen and an advance on Riga
and Dvinsk before the rainy season
complicates operations, according to
advices from Berlin tonight.
That no serious attempt to launch
an army across the wide and rapid
Dvina has yet been attempted Is in
dicated in the official dispatches,
which report progress for the Ger
mans along the entire front. The
gains of ground. howr-er, are minor
compared to the previous weeks of
the campaign, and few Russians are
reported to have been taken prisoners.
To Seek "Winter Defense.
Jt is believed in military tircles
here, in Mew of the fighting of the
past iev da., that the Germans soon
will discontinue their pursuit of the
Russian armies and eek to establish
an easily defended line against the
coming of winter and a possible Rus
sian offensive.
The German general staff, it is be
lieed. has selected certain rivers and
streams as being easiest of defense, and
it is towaid a general straightening and
shortening of the front that the Germans
u n'w diif eting their energies.
It utiiu Thrin IliirW.
in, -iie plans of tn- Geiman staff
I ' W th o--upatinn f Riga. Dwnsk
fir, 1 il'i i i cnn-ideted .-. iUui among
n ilit ii ril,ser-r.-. here and strong effort?
b Ulndenurg to throw forces aros-0
Ik Dun- anil lutak.the Russian resist-
r e rn Ihe oppoMte h ink are expected
nril H" ha.s an arnu estimated at
' ' men at his disposal for these
i in- r ttion-
Th. RuMti fort" whiih conducted a
t i'3 inii Grodno has been thrown back,
a ciii.n in ofii lal German statements,
ri n. . ' prisoners hae been taken.
Mini Unities In "-onlli.
V 'ii',' -tiong German and Russian
f s in n inemering around Vilna
ruithcr j-nle lerioiting successes of anv
j the a'-miii, of Prince I.eopoId. of
T i ana. have woikeil their way out cf
fie niT.-hv riL-irn ts north of Prussia
and are engaged in fresh engagement
w th tl'e Russians, anil Von Mackensen
h.is tikfn the bridgehead at Brueina
Kaft isk. In his advance fiom the Bicst
I.itovsk line.
Further youth both Bothma. along the
Fereth ard oiler Au--tro-Hungarlan and
i.ermin forces operating against Di.u
'no and Ro no are meeting stiong Rus
h an n sistanie
The principal scat of operations, hot -ecr.
i-onliiinis to Ie in the Baltic prov
ing C3 and upon the results of the n-xt
few dis there probably will depenl
whether the Gernnns are to dig them
peles in along a line of their own
choosing or whether they will be forced
to aci ept more exno-sed positions against
wil. h the Russians could concentrate
tjflclent forces to keep la.ge number
if Germans engaged on the eastern front
.hrotighout the w.nter.
Parliament of Labor Expected to Take
Action on Compulsory Army
Service Today.
London Sept 5 The Parliament of
Labor, which assembles In annual ses
sion In Bristol tomorrow, promises to
be one of the most momentous gath
erings in the history of the trades
union movement of this country. The
.. invention, which will represent nearly
1 000.000 organized workingmen. will
take up many Questions of large Im
portance, but public attention will be
focused on three the attitude of la
I.O' toward the war. toward conscrip
tion, and in regard to matters affect
ing the working classes during and
fter the war.
The attitude of trades unions toward
.he war has been from the first a
stanch justification of Great Britain's
anion, and there is believed to be no
doubt that the congress will declare in
favor of vigorous prosecution of the
Unless all ssns fall, the attitude of
labor will be just as emphatic against
conscription. The congress is expect
ed to adopt a resolution on this sub
ject, characterizing conscription as re-actlona-y
nai calculated to Impair the
nation QhSi
AH Coin Above $10 Is laken from
Travelers Leaving the
Cerbere. France, Sept. 5. Customs
agents along the border listen atten
tively for the clink of metal when
persons bound for Spain pass them.
Every effort is being made to enforce
the government's order against gold
and silver being taken out of the
country In violation of the order that
a traveler leaving France must have
no more than $10 in coin In his pos
session, being compelled to exchange
any excess of that amount for paper
Numerous searches have revealed!
an almost equally numerous number
of private stores of gold, which have
been taken from their possessors In
exchange for bank notes, a fine of 8
per cent being deducted.
One woman traveler stumbled and
a jingling sound was heard. The cus
toms official searched her and found
$1,500 In gold in her blouse.
Deny They Have Repudiated "Confes
sions" Implicating Phy
sician's Wife.
Spail to Th Vhmcton Herald.
Proldence. R. I.. Sept. E. "I obtained
evidence today that fully substantiates
the confessions of the three negroes un
der arrest for the murder of Dr. C.
Franklin Mohr and the shooting of Emily
Burger last Thursday night. It is evi
dence re-enforced by more evidence. It
is of a nature that will completely nul
lify any attempt these men may make
to set up an alibi."
Thomas E. Robbins, chief of police of
Barrington. R. I., in whose bailiwick
the murder was committed, made this
statement today.
"Is this evidence of a character that
accuses Mrs. Mohr of inspiring the shoot
ing ' Robbins was asked.
"It shows that the negroes were at
the scene of the crime when the crime
was committed." he replied.
"It bears out all that the negroes
have told the police. I have three
men to see. and then, as far as I'm
concerned, they can take the facts be
fore a grand jury.
"I took the negroes to the scene of
the murder and told them to repeat
the exact moements they went
through on Tuesday night In every
detail. They did not hesitate an in
stant, during the enactment of the
"The discovery of new evidence to
day was made possible by this experi
ment I am afraid to tell you just
what was discovered on account of
certain people itally interested in the
case If 1 should disclose exactly
what I found out these people would
spare neither money nor time iu en
deavoring to contradict it.
"The negroes have not repudiated
their confessions to me nor to any of
m assistants. All I know of the re
pudiations comes from newspaper
"The three negroes today denied
that they had eer repudiated their
confessions. They were backed up
in this by an attache of the jail.
"None of these men made any such
repudiations as have been credited to
them," declared this person "I was
here and heard what they said."
These new facts and the statement
of a man who later will figure promi
nently in this case, to the effect that
already the most powerful political in
fluence in Rhode Island and the most
potent powers of Newport's and Nar
ragansett Pier's millionaire colony are
combining to keep the murder of Dr.
Mohr out of the courts, indicate clear
iy today that the murder is likely to
uncover one of the most unsavory
situations New England has ever
This man declared that had the
news of Dr Mohr's murder reached
certain ears in trme it is likely that
none of the negroes would have been
Nonagenarian Minister Gives Rules
for Longevity Prescribes Love
for Children.
New York. Sept B.-At the age of 3
Dr. A. E. Ballard, president of the
Ocean Grove and Pitman Grove (N. J.)
Camp Meeting Associations, is directing
the annual meeting at Ocean Grove and
finding time to advise others In the art
of being a nonrustlng nonagenarian.
Here are his rules:
Sleep enly four or four and a half
Stop eating after 3 p. m.
Take one Turkish bath a week.
Don't try to solve hard problems at
Keep a clear conscience.
Love for children, he says, has helped
Increase his days. When he accepted the
pr-"sldency of the Ocean Grove Associa
tion several years ago. he made the stip
ulation he was to have an hour off every
day to play with his daughter's chil
dren. "I'm frank to admit," he said yester
day, "that I'd rather bo a live Mothodut
minister than an aagcL"
Funston Understood to Have
Been Authorized to Take
Punitive Measures.
Washington Officials Alarmed by Re
ports Gf Situation on
War Department ofllcials are un
easy over dispatches from Gen. Fun
ston summing up the situation on the
Mexican border.
It is now acutely fajnred that there
may be an organized raid over the
border which will produce a clash
with United States troops and force
them to pursue the enemy over the
Guarded statements by ofllcials in
dicate that Gen Funston understands
now that he has authority to take
such punitive action.
Heretofore the orders hae been
that even If the necessity for crossing
the border in pursuit of bandits or
others became obvious to the com
manding general on the border, he
should not act until he had reported
that necessity to Washington.
Gen. Funston has reported that his
troops are awaiting events and are
keeping strict watch for any organ
ized dash by Mexicans into the United
Oliicials. of course, do not doubt
that such incursion could be promptly
met by the forces now under Gen. Fun
ston's command i
Two More Mexlcnns Killed.
Brownsville. Tex.. Sept. 5. Two
more Mexicans were killed today by
the United States cavalry patrol at
Cavazos Crossing, the scene of yes
terday's fighting. They were mem
bers of a band that had come up to
re-enforce a band of Mexicans driven
across the Rio Grande esterday. One
wore a Carranza uniform, the other a
civilian suit.
Capt. McCoy had withdrawn his men
from the river bank out of sight of
the Mexicans, but sent a squad in am
bush there. Two men were ordered
to climb a tree to make observations.
The Mexicans opened fire on them and
the men in ambush replied. The Mex
icans scattered.
The arrival of Carranzista re-enforcements
at Cavazos was reported
by Capt. McCoy to Col. E. R. Bullard
at Fort Brown, who communicated
with Nafaratta, the Carranza com
mander. Nafaratta ordered his troops
from the crossing and promised to try
and keep them oft the river bank.
El Paso. Tex.. Sept. 5. Three VII
Ilsta generals. Benjamin Armedemo,
Hijino Aguilar. and Egul Lis, were
put to death at Torreon Saturday by
Gen. Villa on charges of disloyalty
and insubordination, according to ad
vices received here today. Gen Felipe
Angeles, who was about to depart for
Sonora. has been recalled to Torreon
by Villa.
Machine Cut in Two by Speeding Ex
cursion Train Driver's Attempt
to Ditch Car Fails.
Albany. N. Y.. Sept. 5. Five people
ere killed and one man was injured
hen the automobile they occupied
crashed into a speeding Delaware and
Hudson Railroad excursion train at a
grade crossing near Glens Falls late
this afternoon. The auto party was
returning from an outing at Lake
George to White Hall, where they all
resided. The injured man was .taken
to a hospital in Glens Falls and at a
late hour this evening it was said he
would recover. The auto was totally
The dead:
Nelson Norton. 67.
Mrs. Nelson Norton. 62.
May Norton, their daughter, 20.
Mrs. John Norton. 30.
Edith Norton, daughter of Mrs. J.
Norton, 3.
John Norton, the only survivor, es
caped with serious injuries by leap
ing from the machine before It struck
the train.
The accident occurred on an un
guarded crossing, which, besides, was
obstructed from view by heavy brush.
Nelson Norton, who was driving the
machine, being warned of the ap
proaching train, made an unsuccessful
attempt to run the car Into a ditth.
but the machine turned back into the
path of the locomotive and was cut
in two.
French Eeport Gentian losses.
London, Sept. 5. The official press bu
reau tonight Issued a French estimate
of the German losses on .the eastern
front The Fren'ch official statement
"According to German documents the
Forty-second Regiment of Infantry on
the Jfarew has lost thirty-sit officers and
LOOS men. The 221th Regiment- of infan-
-try. fighting in Galicia, lost forty-nine
officers and 5,715 men. The r irst Reserve
Regiment lost fourteen officers and TSS
men: th Twenty-first Regiment twenty
one officers and 4SS men; the Sixty-first
eleven officers and 536 men and the Ninety-second,
forty officers aad UM-bms."
Vice Dens in Shadow of U. S.
Capitol Unmolested by Police
Brazen Violations of "Red Light" Law Expected to Figure
in Graft-Investigation Inmates of Dives Say They
"Have Nothing to Fear."
"Whenever a tip la received that a
on l dlnorderl, a watch la kept to
substantiate the allegation. I do not
know of any disorderly house In the
city nt present, aside from those now
under suspicion and brine watched
preparatory to raids. If I did, I would
lake Immediate steps to see that they
were closed." From a statement made
last Wednesday to a Herald reporter
by MbJ. Raymond W. Pullman, super
intendent of Metropolitan police.
The District attorney's office will
submit to the grand jury, which meets
Wednesday, a mass of information
tending to prove that disorderly
houses are being operated In Wash
ington with the connivance of certain
members of the police force. This Is
the expectation of persons who have
been In. clce touch with the police
graft investigation now In progress.
Although District Attorney Laskey
declines to discuss the matter. It is
expected that information of the most
damaging nature and seriously involv
ing at least six members of the police
department will be laid before the
grand Jury. Mrs Margaret Stout, In
stigator of the graft Investigation, has
not, as far as can he learned, returned
to the city, but it is understood that
evidence of a corroborative nature has
been obtained from other persons.
Investigators Are Pusxled.
Throughout the investigation the
District attorney's office has been
puzzled by flagrant violations of the
Ken) on red-light law in certain sec
tions of the city. The officials find it
difficult to believe that such brazen
defiance of the law could exist with
out at least a guilty knowledge on
the part of the members of the police
force. Information obtained by the
Investigators has afforded a basis for
the suspicion that there exists a tan
gible connection between police graft
and law -defying operators of disor
derly houses. This suspicion is
strengthened by the fact that while a
number of these houses, no more
vicious than others, have been ordered
closed, others have remained unmo
lested. MaJ. Pullman declares emphatically
that he knows of no disorderly houses
in the city except a few now under po
lite surveillance. He asserts that if he
knew of such houses he would take Im
mediate steps toward closing them.
An Investigation was made last week
by The Herald into violations of the
Kenyon red-light law. This investigation
was based on "tips" furnished official
Investigators In the course of the graft
Inquiry, but partly discarded as biased
and actuated by jealousy. The Herald's
investigation, though by no means in
tended to be exhaustive, revealed such
brazen and bold violation of the law that
it is difficult to believe the police depart
ment is unaware of it.
In Shailoir of Cnpltol.
One side of a short block-a block al
most in the shadow of the National Capl
tcl was chosen for The Herald's investi
gation. There are two saloons In this
Clubmen Face Gun and Camera;
Policemen Take 1 25 in Raid
Flashlight Method of Getting Evidence Tried First Time in
Washington Three Charged with Selling Liquor
on Sunday in Monticello Club.
In a raid on the Monticello Club, a col
ored organization at Fourth and N
streets northwest, the police last night
carried out a new plan for securing first
hand evidence.
Capt. Robert E. Doyle, of the Second
precinct, rushed Into the main room of
the club with his men and at the point
of a revolver commanded the members
to stand as they were while a photogra
pher took a flashlight snapshot of the
scene. Four automobile patrols made
four trips each to the station house,
taking in in all.
Charles H. Anderson, the proprietor,
who gave his address as 1J Fourth
street northwest, was released on SS00
bond to appear in Police Court in the
morning and answer a charge of selling
liquor on Sunday. A similar charge was
Dlaced against two bartenders. Thomas
S. Flournoy. of MA O" street northwest.
and Raymond B. Jones, 17n Fourth
After Bobbins; Sate, Intruders Set
Fire to Leather Store.
Following a small fire In his leather
store at 6:1 Louisiana avenue northwest
jesterday morning. Robert W. Knljht
told the police that CS In cash and to
gold watches and chains were missins
from the safe In the store.
The police believe robbers set the. place
aflr.. Entrance apparently had been
xained by forcing a rear door. Tho fire.
which did only damage, was un
covered about 10 o'clock In the morning.
Calaaabta Theater today. 12 eea. con
tinuous, Uutl Vtwa, BS uw sauw
block and a few groceries. A few houres
In the block are occupied by poor, re
spectable families. Most of the other
dwellings are conducted as vice dens. A
continuous stream of men passes up and
down the street during the early hours
of the night.
These are a few of the conditions found
hv The Herald Investigator (the worst
phases revealed by the Investigation are
Children In short dresses, many
of them apparently from 13 to 1.'
years old, paraded the slilennlk
and openly solicited passers-by to
rome tn their homes for Immoral
Women congregated on the cor
ner. In the full glare of the street
llalit, and loudly Incited men to
their rooms.
In thr presence af members af
their fnmllles, young girls uccosted
passers-by with lewd proposals.
Women called men from windows
and doorways, many of them run
ning: to the sidewalk when one ap
proached. Inciting them to visit
them in their roams.
All scoffed and laughed merrily
nt the Investigator's pretended fear
of police Interruption, assuring htm
that there was absolutely no dan
ger. Five houses In the block which
were visited hy the Iniestlgatnr
were found to he houses nf prosti
tution. Several others afforded un
mlstnkable evidence thnt they were
dives of the same description.
During the twa and one-half
hours ocrupleiL In the Investiga
tion nnt one policeman was In sight.
Inmntes of the bouses assured the
Investigator that they had nothing
to fear.
Men; of the Inmntes formerly oc
cupied the old "red light" district.
The boldness of the women who
accosted passers-by on the side
walk suggested the restricted dis
trict of a "wide-open" town rather
than a residence street In a city
supposed to be "closed." one of
the precautions liken In other
questionable quarters of the city
were observed here.
Vicious liens Ignored.
The conditions here described hac
proven all the more puzzling to the offi
cial investigators because of the fact that
while vice in Its most fljgrant forms is
thus openly paraded, the police hae
found It necessary to raid private homes,
arrest married couples, interrupt social
card games, and invade comparatively
harmless restaurants in order to obtain
evidence which in other parts of the city
obtrudes Itself upon any one leisurely
passing down the sidewalk.
An Inmate of one o'f the houses visited
explained that the women were in no
danger of closer police surveillance dur
ing the graft investigation. She ex
plained the police might find it exped
ient to make the women "lay low" while
the investigation was in progress, but
that they did not dare do so.
"If they started closing us up, some of
us might squeal, she declared.
street northwest. Their bond also was
placed at $$00. The others were released.
The pictures developed clearly and wil
be presented in Police Court tomorriw
morning, probably the first time such
evidence has been secured In the anDals
of the local police departmest.
There were five locks on the entrance
to the club, In addition to a "guarJ"
stationed outside. The police brusheu
the guard aside and entered. Tne grouj.
of men In different rooms in the club
were taken by surprise and offered co
It Is said the membership list of tna
club Includes many prominent coloreil
The raiding party consisted tf Lieut
C. II. Bremmerman. Sergts. Plerson and
Hood, and Prhates F. S. Hughlctt, WW.
lam F. Hopkins, R. A, Pence. H. B. Rec
tor. L. R. Gorman, Ruby Dawns, N. M.
Stone and Precinct Detectives Barbce
and Livingston.
Twenty-two Vessels Are Held
Dredges Hard nt Work.
Panama. Sept, 5. A new slide haa
blocked the canal, holding up twenty
two vessels.
Dredges have excavated 40,000 cubic
jards in twenty-four hours, a record, 'but
there is no chance for vessels to pass -for
two more days. The Kroonland and Fin
land may be held a week.
Boadi to Ask Beheariny.
Chicago, Sept. 5. Western railroads
will petition for a rehearing of their
plea for advanced freight rates la West
ern classification territory, it was an
nounced today by c c Wright, chief
aitornty for-the roada,
Letter Carried by Archibald
May Force Administration
to Take Action.
Propaganda in Favor of Teutonic
Nations Reaches Criti
cal Stage.
Lenox, Mnss.. Sept. fi. Ir. Conxtan
tln Dnniba, Austro-IIungnrlan Ambas
sador? admits that James K. Arrhlhalit.
the Anterlrart eorrespondrnt arrested In
London, mus a dlspstrlt-henrer to the
Austrian government, and thnt the let
ters written In New York on Ausjuxt '
SO with reitnril to pronoun! In tie up I
the manufacturing of munitions In
llrtlilrhem and In the vllriille West was
a bnnn flde dispatch to Foreign Minis
ter flurlan In Vlennn.
The Amhnssndnr sent a telegram t9
Secretary of State I.nnxlnc this after
noon asking for an Interview In Wash
ington, nt wblrh he villi rxplaln to the
Secretary the exart Import of his rils
pntch which Arrhlhnld carried. Dr.
numbs expects that Secretory Lansing
will grant him the Interview.
That the administration will be unable
longer to Ignore the activities carrle-1
on In this country azainst the enemies
of Germany and Austria-Hungary was
the opinion nere last night, following
the disclosure of the contents of the
documents taken by the British from
James F. J. Archibald, of Washington,
a war correspondent. One of the letters
was ao"aresed to the foreign minister
at Vienna. A paragraph from the letter
"We can disorganize and hold up for
months. If not entlrel prevent the manu
facture of munitions in Rcthlehcm and
the Mi'h.le West, which, in the oplnioi.
of the German military attache, is
of great Importance and amply out
weighs the expenditure of the money in
volved." Letter Presents Problem.
That the letter presents a problem
which the State Department must fae.
Is. admlttcij. It Is presumed that not
onl will the contents of the papers be
cabled here, if Ambassador Page has
not already sent them, but that also
photographic copies will be p'aced at tne
disposition of the United States govern
ment. It is understood that the Austrian
Ambassador, who is now at Lenox,
will come to Washington tomorrow
and have a conference with the Secre
tary of State. It is intimated here
that the visit of the Ambassador Is
voluntary, and that he would come as
soon as he saw what purported to be
his letter in the press.
It has long been contended by son.e
members of the administration that oi
flclal cognizance should be taken of tae
Known and suspected activities of Ger
man and Austrian agents in this coun
try, tenoirg toward the disruption of in
dustry and even the destruction of prop
erty. What has chiefly restrained the ad
ministration from taking notice of these
activities has been the fact that their
notable development was almost simul
taneous with the rise of the submarine
controversy with Germany. Officials
hesitated to manifest any resentment of
the acts of German and Austrian agents
here lest It make worse the already bad
relations resulting from the submarine
controversy. However, there has been
a sentiment in Washington favoring n
complete Investigation of the passport
scandals and other activities, to be fol
lowed by dismissal of all foreign officials
found directly Implicated in them.
I S. Mar Br Foreed to Aet.
It is now thought likely that popular
indignation will btf so aroused by the
Dumha letter and other papers found cm
Archibald that the administration will
be compelled to act
Little sympathy Is felt here for the
claim of the ambassador that he has
a right to persuade Austrlans and Hun
garians not to work In plants turning
out materials for the allies While there
Is no law to prevent this belne don;. It
is regarded as most Improper and incon
sistent with the spirit of the American
That Archibald's case requires special
attention Is the general belief here While
he has not violated any law In carrvlng
rapers for the German or Austrian em
bassies, it is declared he has shown
himself not to be entitled to an Amer
ican passport, to be presented as evi
dence of his being deserving of treatment
as a neutral.
Inebriate Hospital Urged.
A committee of Sons of Jonadab :s
procuring signatures to a petition to Lie
Commissioners to establish in the Du
tricr a public hospital for treatment of
alcohol and drug addicts. The petition
will be presented to the Commissioners
about September IS. Charles T. Smith s
chairman of the committee procuring
signatures to the petition.
Arrested, He Sues for 95,000.
Fresno, Cat, Sept. S. Declaring: that
he was falsely arrested for the theft
of 50 cents, Herbert Warrell. a clerk.
has filed a damage suit for j;,000
against Mrs Berry Goodwin, founder
of the Rockhurit Center School for
Girls In pan Francisc
Berlin's Assurances Weakened by Attack on
Allan Liner Reports Give No Indication
as to Whether Vessel Was Warned.
Boat, Bound for Montreal, Carried Disabled Canadian Sol
diers and Was Equipped with One Gun Full Report
Coming from Ambassador Page.
London, Sept. 5. The following official statement was issued by
the Allan Line at Liverpool tonight:
"The Hesperian had on board 350 passengers and a crew of 300.
Of the passengers, thirty were first class and 117 second class. All the
passengers were taken off and landed at Queenstown. Part of the crew
remained on board the liner, which is being towed to Queenstown. It is
unknown whether the Hesperian was warned prior to the attack."
Passengers declare the submarisaV gave no warning before firing the
There were no American passengers on board. Two of the ship's
stewards were Americans, however. They were saved.
The news, official and otherwise, that a. German submarine had tor
pedoed the Allan liner Hesperian Saturday night off Fastnet produced a wide
spread sensation and caused fear as to continuance of peaceful relations with
Unofficially, the White House and the State Department were informed oi
the fact early in the day. Later a message was received from Ambassador
Page at London, in which he expressed no opinions or gare no facts. He said
that a report was coming to the department from Qneenstown.
The dangerous import of the news was that on its face it appeared to
be a direct contradiction of the assurances given to the State Department
after the sinking of the Arabic that German submarines had been instructed
not to sink any liner, and that proper provisions would be made for the safety
of noncombatants in case of attack by torpedo.
The following account of the torpedoing was seat to the State Depart
ment last night by Consul Frost at Qneenstown:
The Hesperian was torpedoed by a German submarine seventy milei
southwest of Fastnet at 8:30 o'clock
One or two Americans were on board, but no Americans were lost.
About eight lives were lost.
The Hesperian has not sunk.
Admiralty boats landed passengers and crew at Queenstown at 8:3b
o'clock this morning and hare returned to bring in the Hesperian, which is due
to arrive at Queenstown about 9 o'clock Monday morning.
The Hesperian carried about forty-fiTe Canadian soldiers, who were un
organized and were being invalided back home.
The Hesperian was bound for Montreal.
The Hesperian carried one 4.7 gun,
This official account leaves open tho
Important questions whether the Hes
perian was warned in acco: dance with
tne official assurances of Ambassador
Bernstorff and whether she was trying
to escape. It is clear that the attitude
of the administration continues to be
that vessels must not resist when hailed.
If the liner .lad been warned and had
refused to stop officials here think 'hit
the other questions raised in Consul
Frost's telegram may be threshed out
diplomatically without serious friction. It
is felt that the fact that no American
lives were lost differentiates this caie
widely from those of the Arabic and
Lusitanla. as far as public sentiment is
Chased for Two Hoars.
The unofflcla1 account which indicates
that the Hesperian was "chased" for
two hours or moro by the submarine led
some persons to the inference that the
Hesperian was trjlng to escape.
One of the new questions raised is
whether Germany will seek to Juatifv
the attack on the Hesperian on the
ground that she had not ceased to be
a transp rt of the British government
One of the officials of the depart
ment said that even in that case the
vessel was entitled to be warned, be
cause it could not be assumed that
she was acting only as a transport.
In other words, the presumption would
be that as a liner she was carrying
passengers, and some of them might
have been American citizens.
The opinion of one official is that
the United States government will be
apt to take Into consideration the fact
that the liner was armed, as she had
one case a "veaael -which vwt)
and was about to leave PhlrSdaiaAsstK
took off her arms before sailing. State
Department ofllcials. however, say
that this was done voluntarily, so as
to "avoid any question." The depart
ment holds that a commercial vessel
can carry "defensive weapons."
Whether the phrase "defensive weap
ons" applies to a vessel which may
be proved to be, a- transport Is another
question 'which the department offi
cials would not consider last night.
Officials will not discuss in advance
of"a full report from Ambassador Pahe
how far the presence on board of
Canadian soldiers who were Invalided
home and the military or nonrollltary
chaxactet of- tho Hesperian will afftxt
the representation to be made, by thU
lioverasnent la her caft
Saturday evening.
mounted and visible, astern.
Inasmuch as the official report fro.r
tho State Department, at least as given
out. throws no light on facts whl-h
would warrant a statement by the de
partment the questions to be answereo.
are these:
Was the Hesperian "a liner" or in fact
a military adjunct of the British navy.
and how far would that fact, if proved.
Justify an attack with or without warn
ing by a German submarine.
Did the German submarine hav
knowledge that there were Canadian
soldiers on board, but did not know
whether they were Invalided soldiers?"
Did the German submarine know the
liner was armed and in position to de
story the submarine if the liner were
Was the vessel in fact warned, aiid
did she try to escape?
Twenty Persons Injnred.
London. Sept. 5. The attack on the
Hespciian occurred seventy miles south
west of Fastnet Rock. But one tor
pedo was fired. It struck on the stat
board side forward, tearing two great
holes In the- hull. The engine room es
caped damage, however.
Wireless calls for assistance were flash
ed broadcast as the hlp began to set
tle. British patrol boats responded
Twenty persons were Injured, some by
the tremendous explosion and others by
the. capsizing of a lifeboat when they
were thrown Into the sea.
Capt Miyn and twenty of his crew re
mained with the ship, which Is expected
to reach Queenstown early Monday
According to stories told by survivors
no submarine was seen and it waa Do
dark. to observe the wake of a torpedo.
However, all the passengers and crew
have arrived at Queenstown axree
"lh.Trthe attack waa made by a German'.
submarine. This opinion U based on tne
force of the shock and the great voluana
of water thrown Into the air.
Turkish sCoaat Gnard Skip
to Save Crew.
Berlin (wireless via Sayvtlle), Sept. 5.
Constantinople furnishes the following
headquarters' report: "On September I
our coast guard ship Bahrsfld shelled and
sunk an enemy submarine south of" Ar-
mudlu. It was Impossible to save the
OOJlO To Ckleaso Ms Iffra SjaJsV
Baltimore ana unto account national
Bantlit Convention. Sent., fto t vaJM
xor return to fcepi. it.-
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