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rttft-V-'H "- -w.-,-'xr--- frt rf ''si?irrri v-"vjj?'',y- c fr ' ., . ... -y. I it THE WASHINGTON HERALD, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1915. a 11 a fi e 1R2LfJ-jw W.W2i3 - PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING BT THE WASHINGTON HERALD COMPANY f2 New Vork ArefcJe. Telephone MAIN CLINTON' T. BRAIXAKP. PmUtmt end Editor. FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES! THE E. C. BKCKWITH SPECIAL AGEXT. New York Office T.'i",n 2f Chicago Office Tribune BldJ. Bt. Louis Office Third Nat. Bank Bid ATLArTIC CITY. N. J. REPRESENTATIVE' C K. ABBOT Guarantee Trmt BldC- SUBSCRIPTION RATES BT CARRIEH: Dally and Sunday 45 centa per month Enlly and Sunday SS.40 per year ty. without Sunday..- 35 centa par month SUBSCRIPTION RATES BT MAIL: Dally and Sunday 45 cents per. month Dally and Sunday , SS.40 per year Dally, without Sundav It centa per month Dallv, without Sunday l.o per year Kundav. without Dally 12-41 per year Entered at the postofflce at Washington, D. C J second-class mall matter. WEDNESDAT. SEPTEMBER 8. 1915. A Line o' Cheer Each Day o the Year. By JOHN KENDRICK BANGS. Flrit printing of an original poem, written dally for The Washington Herald. AS TO FRIENDS. I never lost a friend in all my life. In joy or grief, in smiling peace or strife. Though some in troubled days have stood aloof, And shown themselves unequal to the proof. They were not friends at all, but shadows mere Whose friendship was a glittering veneer That could not stand the acid test of woe To prove the gold or metal base below. (Coprricht. 1915.) Are Americans men or are they mice? In the meantime, Europe drowns the jeering in Mexico. When is the loud laughter in Berlin and Vienna to be stopped? Is American diplomacy to become the joke ind buffer of Berlin? Has the government at Washington become Germany's shuttlecock? The Dumba letter, the Mexican developments, nd the sinking of the Hesperian have interfered with administration golf games again. If Ambassador Dumba admits the authorship sf the letter found in Archibald's possession and the United States fails to hand him his passports, tuff and piffle! If Ambassador Dumba can satisfactorily ex slain to the State Department his letter to his .loine government, what is the use of our own 'aws against the three-shell game? When Secretary McAdoo's ship-purchase bill :omes up again in the next Congress it may De expected to flaunt the scalp of the La Follcttc seamen's bill snatched off by Attorney General Gregory. The German press is angry over the pledge ii the Berlin government to the United States :hat noncombatants on the high seas will not be nurdcred. Why should it be angry over a mere 'scrap of paper?" Has it ever occurred to anybody that the real purpose of Germany's promise to the United States of a change in method of naval warfare was to lure noncombatant vessels within easier ange of the torpedoes of her submarines? Representative Government The constitutional convention of New York provided for the short ballot to get rid of "in visible government," but it continued the old pro hibition against New York City having representa tion in the legislature based on population. The fear is that New York City would dominate the legislature if allowed representation on the gen eral principle of this government, which is that the basis of representation shall be population. Greater New York now has 53 per cent of the population of the State and pays 75 per cent of the taxes to support the State government; but the city is allowed only sixty-three of the 150 assem blymen and twenty-one of the fifty-one Senators. That looks very much like minority rule in the Empire State and it is becoming more pronounced each year as the city increases and the rural dis tricts decrease in population. While the State increased its population nearly 2,000,000 in the last census period there were fifteen rural coun ties that lost 20,000 population. These rural coun ties, some of them with now not more than 15,000 people, are allowed one assemblyman each by the constitution, while in New York City there is one assemblyman to represent 100,000 people. The same inequality of representation ap pears in the State senate, but the fear that the city may dominate the State influenced the convention to continue this old prohibition which is contra dictory to the principle of representative govern ment, and establishes minority rule. It is not alone in New York that this fear of large cities exists. It prevails in Illinois against Chicago, in Missouri against St. Louis and Kan sas City, and in other States where the cities have grown more rapidly than the rural population. It also prevails in the country at large and mani fests itself in Congress where there arc frank ad missions that something must be done to curb the influence of the cities before the next Congres sional apportionment, which will largely increase the number of representatives from the cities. The inexplicable part of this development of prejudice against the cities is the indifference of those who represent the cities to its existence and their failure to try to protect the reople who pay two-thirds of the taxes to support both 9tatc and Federal governments. Xcw York City tamely submits to unequal representation and unequal taxation by the State, and it may not be long before some country member will rise in Con gress and propose an amendment to the Federal Constitution providing that representation shall be based on territory instead of on population. Then wc would have one representative for every so many acres or square miles and it would be a simple way of preventing the urban population from ever becoming the controlling majority in Congress. Then wc should have sage brush, big woods and great swamp representatives, in fact; and while Nevada might have as many represent atives as there are people living in the State, New York City and Chicago together would have about one-half of a representative. It would settle this old troublesome question of forever keeping down the city man and preventing him from having any voice in the expenditure of the money he has to pay into the Treasury by taxation. It would re verse the old declaration of no raxation without representation; but that is what some of our re formers have been driving at for some time. It might not be invisible government, but it would be difficult for the people who pay the taxes to locate it. President Wilson's administration has the op portunity now to clear itself of the charge of be ing a mere note-writing aggregation. It has only acted once, and that was when it invaded Yic toriano Hucrta and withdrew with no -result save the los of a score of American lives. The administration may not hand Ambassador Dumba his passports, and it may not prevent the at tache of the German Embassy who conspired with the representative of Austria-Hungary to wreck certain indutrics of the United States to continue to represent his government in Washington, but such action will .not alter the opinion of the people of the United States. A large portion of the American people will hope that the commander of the United States ship Supply constituted himself an acting, inde pendent Secretary of the Navy, when he per mitted his ship to bump into the three subma rines of the F type in Honolulu Harbor and put them temporarily out of commission. A naval board of investigation as long ago as last March pronounced these three submarine craft as de fective as the l"-4, which plunged to a depth of 300 feet and cost tin lives Si twenty-one men; and yet thry have been continued in commis sion, constantly risking the lives of scores more men of the navy. It is only to be regretted that the United States ship Supply did not make a com plete job of something which the Navy Department has so far neglected to its shame. Has Washington Thought of It? The mysterious fire that destroyed the great grain elevator of the Chesapeake and Ohio Rail load and a vast amount of grain consigned to ' the allies, raises a delicate question. At any hour of the day there may be seen roaming the streets of Norfolk, Va., a dozen or so of Ger man sailors from the interned warships at New- 1 port News. They are apparently under no sort of surveillance b3- the United States authorities. Yet who arc better fitted than these same sailors to execute the little filibustering schemes for de stroying, by arson and otherwise, property de stined for the use of the allies. Elsewhere men must be seduced for the purpoc; these men have only to be commanded. Nor, wc may be sure, would thej' lay their hands more reluctantly to the task because it happens to have a fine crim inal flavor. It is not at all likely that the destruction of the grain elevator will be traced to its proper source. The United States authorities at the present moment do not appear to be seeing any more of this kind of thing than what is thrust upon them. But those interested may well be excused if they put forward an earnest request that the United States intern its distinguished German guests in some remote spot where their propinquity cannot be suspected of generating a tendency to spontaneous combustion among supplies destined for the use of Germany's enemies. "There was no war involving the United States in my time,!' boasts Col. Roosevelt, taunting Presi dent Wilson. Buchanan might have said that to Abraham Lincoln. Xcw York World. The fact that 363 ships were added to American registry the last fiscal year is less important than the question of how long they will stay there under the La Follcttc seamen's law. New York World. Striking employes at a New Jersey war-munitions factory demand $5 a day and $10 for Sun day work. Perhaps Sabbatarians may sec in labor's Sunday wage scale signs of increasing re spect for the day of rest at the employer's ex pense. New York World. "If I Were Caesar" is the title of an article by Representative Gardner in the September issue of The North American Review. But our friend from Massachusetts does not really want to be Caesar. He wants to be Von Tirpitz. New York World. Old and New-Fashkned Hones. By JOHN D. BARKY. "The old-fashioned homes are disappearing," I recently heard a woman say, with regret in her tone. When I asked her what she meant, she re plied: "When I was a girl, though we du'n't have much money, we lived in a big, comfortable house, and we had enough to eat and enough to share with any friends that happened to drop in. We had an open-hearted way of living. Our house, like most of the houses of our friends, was an active social center, and it had all kinds of wholesome associations. In a true, sense of the word, it gave us the feeling of home. Whenever we went away we knew we should have this place to go back to, and we should find the old happy life going on there just the same. Nowadays people are tending more and more to live in a make-shift way, in apartments and flats. They move often. In my youth the idea of moving would have been like a revolution or an earth quake. We felt that we were as deeply rooted in the home as if we were trees. We had our roots in the ground. Now people think nothing of mov ing once a year, or even oftcner. The result is that we are losing the old stability and the old associations that did so much to give home its healthy atmosphere." It seemed to me that in those remarks there was a good deal of truth. Perhaps the greatest loss lay in sentiment. The old-fashioned homes breathed into the spirit a kind of poetry radiating out of the deepest and the most sacred human re lations. And yet the spirit of the home did not actually require such accessories. It could exist or it could flourish in a flat or an apartment. In both the old-fashioned homes and the new fashioned homes the same human forces were at play. When I first saw New York, for example, I had the feeling that this great wilderness of a city contained no real homes. The rush and the roar, the life in the streets and the cafes and the ho tels seemed to deny the home feeling. But I soon discovered that I was mistaken. Home life flourished there as it did everywhere else. And some of the very people who were most conspicuous in public managed to have sheltered little nests of their own where they led quiet and sane lives. "My home is under my hat," I once heard a traveling man say. When I got to know him bet ter I found out what he meant. Wherever he was he managed to create about him the home atmosphere by being at peace with himself. With a few books that he carried, with his pipe and his slippers, he could make a hotel room home-like. He knew how to achieve one of the greatest of human feats, to maintain serenity and poise under all conditions. He seemed to me much more re markable than two actors of my acquaintance, husband and wife, who, for the sake of being to gether, would never accept engagements apart, and who, whenever they were on the road, would turn a couple ofrooms in a lodging-house into a delightful home. There are homes, usually old-fashioned, so self-satisfied in their atmosphere as to be irritat ing. Their members are likely to look out on the rest of the world with a consciousness of their own superiority. In this kind of home there is likely to be a good deal of happiness, and there is sure to be a narrowness that may lead to trou ble, usually through the rebellion of the younger generation. So often, in those self-satisfied fami lies an alien spirit appears, unable to endure the conditions, eager to break away, to the bewilder ment of the others, who cannot understand this phenomenon. SsiiaOliP COUNTRY-Q. -OIP MSI DENT mmwm A NOTABLE ASSEMBLY.. Published by a special arrangement (tvith the President through 1 The McClure Newspaper Syndicate. fConyrlght, 1901. 1902, by Harper & Brothers.) (Copyright. 1915. by The McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) Snertal Notice These article are f oily pretexted under the copyright lawa. which special .louct iiuc "r" . i.i.i,n.., h .1,1.., .... . i . impose a severe penaiiy " - - - .-. . r THE new Continental Congress proved a notable assembly more notable than the Congress of 1771. for lta business was not protest but the reconstruction of a government, and it proved. equal to the task. A certain very noticeable anxiety at tended the opening of ita sessions. The delegates came very slowly and tardily In. A full week had gone by after the day set for convening before so many as seven States were repre sented. The delegates from New Hamp shire were two months lato in arriving. It waa evident at nrst that the mem bers were nervous and set about their work of conference and debate with a critically imnortant. It might be that the breaking up of their Union, or Its consolidation, the setting in or the happy and final preclusion of civil war. would follow upon the completion of their labors. Affairs, and opinion, too. hung at a perilous poise, and might easily bo turned this way or that by their success or failure. Thev srathered confidence, however, as they got hold of their task and gained But older men were there also, and It was reassuring to find how carefully the States had picked their representatives. Robert Maris was there, the experi enced financier of the revolution; Roger Sherman was there, whose practical good sense had steadied the early coun sels of the Continental Congress; and John Rutledge, whom South Carolina had made a sort of dictator in her af fairs while the revolution held: and Ben jamin Franklin, in his eighty-second year. Virginia had sent seasoned Jurists rast middle life, liko John Blair, who nad been president of her council. and George Wythe, who had drafted her pro test against the Stamp Act; and had add- ..., 1..-. .. .nd .nnrnhpnilfln. ujucii 01 reiucianie "" vv' 1 . .- .., , ,.,. ...,. r -.,- They knew that their business waa"-" --- -.-... . ,., . . ... tV ih h that I servatlve country gentleman, and General Washington, ss of course, as well as handsome Edmund Randolph and stu dious Mr. Madison, still In their thirties. Every day's debates gave strength and confidence to the counsels of the con ference. There were many sharp differences of opinion among yts members; but they held together, and a sound practical sa gacity prevailed. Leadership among them fell to Mad ison, whose quiet suggestions always t-' GTri9r.VH rt Tnnrfpratfnn flnri of n rent knowledge of one another. There were fifty-five delegates In at tendance at last: every Stato except knowledge of the subject in hand; to Rhode Island had sent commissioners. James Wilson, of Pennsylvania, whose Many of the more famous figures of shrewd Scots sense and thorough knowl- the revolutionary time were missing. 1 eaee of law the law of tiations and of Samuel Adams had declared himself cp- 1 governmental structure as well as the rosed to "a general revision of the Con federation." John Adams was In England. Jeffer son was In France. Patrick Henry de clined to attend. law every lawyer could talk of. enabled . him to clarify and strengthen every topic he touched; to Roger Sherman, of Con- ' nectlcut. rugged, practical, hard-headed; to Dr. Franklin, utio could utter the The men who had organized the Con-- mellow wisdom of ace. a:.d utter It in tinental Congress and the Congress of I sentences men could remember; to G011 the Confederation had In large part given verneur Morris or Rufus King, who place to others. ' knew how to cast propositions for a vote. Younger men had como forward, and j to the men who could think steadily were speaking with authority; men like, nni see things whole, or who could strike James Madison, of Virginia, who was out practicable lines of definite action. but Just turned of thirty-six. and Alex-1 ander Hamilton, of New York, who was' . , - r-....... i.,i only thirty. j Tomorrow 1 A Ntw Constitution. AL-7 In some homes there is a flatness, a dullness. an unspeakable weariness that causes a vast I amount of mi.-cry and that sometimes expresses ! itself in unwholesome reactions. The trouble is j usually due to lack of relation between the home and the hcalthv forces of life outside. For, it I should be remembered, the home is essentially human and requires circulation of the blood. With out such circulation there is likely to be stagna tion, and, as wc all know, stagnation inevitably leads to disease. When, to the individual, life is flat, there is obviously something wrong. When the home is flat ill-health is operating there. Some of the most wretched homes present the hardiest appearance to the world. Their disease is all the more dangerous because it gives no warnings to the eye. V The religious spirit used to be a great aid to happiness in home life Multitudes of homes it has helped to establish and to maintain on a sound basis. IJut with the decline of religion its influence has been considerably weakened. It was to religion that the home owed its old sense of permanence. And religion contributed the im portant factor of community of interest, express ing itself in community of spirit. During the past twenty-five years, however, the rebellion against orthodoxy has been a fearfully disturbing factor in the home. Many a home that would otherwise have been happy it has torn with dissension. Having boasted that during his late legislative term he never bought a drink for anybody, a New Jersey candidate for re-election now finds himself facing a "tight-wad" issue raised by a liberal opponent. In practical politics it is fre quently well, before professing a virtue, to re gard 11 irom at icasi two points 01 view. .New York wono. President, Not Public, Must Act Frequently announcements have been sent from Washington to the effect that President Wilson is displeased with certain stories purporting to define his attitude regarding men or policies. Vet, more frequently, the unchallenged assertion goes forth that the President will not adopt cer tain obvious policies until a pronounced public demand for them is manifest. Wc have yet to hear of any reproof from the White House for the authors of this latter class of stories. But surely they arc inaccurate. The first Democratic President inaugurated since 1896 docs not regard) himself as subject to the initiative, referendum and recall. He does not consider himself a mes senger, commissioned more than two years ago to carry out what then might have been the will of the people, without regard to changed condi tions. For instance. President Wilson is repre sented as waiting to ascertain the will of he people before handing Ambassador Dumba his passports. He need not wait. When Mr. Wilson I was elected by a minority of the American people no such case as that of the Ambassador of Austria-Hungary was in sight. A President was elect ed to deal with just such questions not a receiver for public opinion. President Wilson knows the circumstances; the people expect him to act. They do not expect him to wait to ascertain the desires or opinions of those not so well informed. Oar PreadeHt'i Wuiom. A wise statesman doesn't offer mediation when peace, would be greatly to the advantage of oneM combatant and greatly to the disadvantage of the: other, and president Wilson has a considerable! 1 reputation for wisdom. Chicago Herald. On the other hand, in well-ordered homes, kept healthy with good feeling, the best in human life is sure to flourish, and the highest types of hu manity are invariably to be found. Fortunately, wc arc now reaching a broader and finer conception of the home as an institution. WC" are seeing that it is closely identified with the larger bond, sometimes called the social organiza tion. Once women in homes, not so long ago, cither, were supposed to be sheltered from the world out side as from contamination. Now they arc finding out that, in this way, they lost more than they gained and that the world lost, too; the contam ination could actually reach them in the most subtle ways and could flourish through their in difference. The home life of the coming generations is likely to be not less wholesome, but more whole some, through being broader and freer and nearer the wider life of the world. The Starting Point. German newspapers grimly announce that "No peace is possible before England has been defi nitely defeated." Why not go out and defeat her navy, as a starter Wall Street Journal. WeB, What's Up. Texas rangers rather enjoy looking after those invading Mexicans. Just leave it to the rangers and shortly there won't be much left of the menace or the menaccrs. Taconia Ledger. A Sifaificaat SkoatioB. Prof. Scligson writes, in the Berlin Tagcblatt that the United States is the sole exception to the law that a German subject retains his 'status if he revisits the Fatherland within ten years, even if he has been naturalized elsewhere. It is an inter esting coincidence that the United States is he chief neutral power that is in a position to protect its naturalized citizens. New York World. DOUBT, THE TRAITOR. i Ily (IRI.SO.V SWBTT 3IARDK.V. Our worst enemies are not outside but inside of us. Every human being harbors .1 traitor who is always on the watch to thwart his ambition, to turn him aside from his aim. That traitor Is doubt. The man or woman who is not strong enough to resist the Insidious attacks will never do what he or she Is capable of doing, and was sent into the world by the Creator to do. Doubt Is responsible for more sui cides, "more failures. more misery, more bankrupt lives than any other one thing. It makes more people afraiil to begin, afraid to start out on a course they know they ought to pur sue, than :inv other human enemy. Standing right at the gateway of ouri choice, at the parting of the ways, when we have fully resolved to tak I the path that is best for us. a hard I and forbidding one compared with the easy way along the line of least resistance, doubt calls a halt. It hltta us pause and think once more, asks us to look again at the rugged path we have chosen and consider whether we really want to take that turning, when the other Is so much brighter and plcasantcr and so very much easier. Poubht has been the great giant killer of the rare. It has killed more splendid projects, knocked out more sublime schemes, strangled more ef fective" genius, neutralized more su perb effort, lilasted more fine lives than any other agency. The doubting Thomases never get anywhere, because they do not cling to their vision, and "without a vis ion the people perish." The man who would do anything worth while In this world must have a vision, and he must have courage to match it. Courage Is the great leader In the mental realm. Whatever paralyzes It strangles the initiative, kills the ability to do things. Doubt is Its greatest enemy. It suggests caution at the very mo ment when everything depends on boldness. If a general were to bo overcautious, to wait for absolute cer tainty in regard to results .before putting his plan of campaign into action, he would never win a battle. Caution Is an admirable trait, but when carried to excess It ceases to be a virtue and conies perilously near being a vice. Excessive caution may render ineffective many noble qual ities. There are a great many peo ple who seem to be courageous enough, but an overdevelopment or caution holds everything In abeyance to wait for certainty. I know men who wait and wait, never daring t undertake anything where there is risk, even though their judgment tells them they ought to go ahead. We are creatures of habit, and the constant raising of doubts in our minds as to our ability to do urhat we want to do in time becomes m habit of thinking we can't: and when we think we can't, we can't. When a man begins to listen to his doubts he is beginning to weaken. It would be a thousand times bet ter to make mistakes by forcing ahead too rapidly, by undertaking more than we can carry out. than to be forever hovering upon the edge of doubt, delaying, postponing, wait ing for certainty, until we become slaves of a habit which we cannot break. When you have fully considered In all its bearings whatever project you are about to undertake, and have de cided on your course, don't let any fears or doubts enter your mind. Com mit yourself to your undertaking, and don't look back to see if you could have done something else, or started your enterprise in some other way. Push on, and don't be afraid. After we have launched out in an undertaking, have committed our selves before the world, pride steps into the situation and pushes us on through hardships which would have discouraged and turned us aside be fore we had fully committed ourselves. But when we have taken the plunge, made the venture we have practically said to the world. "Now watch nje. make good. I have made up my mind to put this thing through, and I am not going to turn back." Our con fidence grows as we advance and then it is comparatively easy even under difficulties to keep forging ahead. At the very outset of your career make up your mind that you are going to be a conquerer in life. Don't let doubt balk your effosts. Don't let it naralvie your beginning and make you a pigmy when you havo a waiting giant in you. uonncience. seu-assur-nnre. self-faith these are the great friends which will kill the traitor doubt. (Coprrieht. 1915.) OPHELIA'S SLATK. Morning Smiles. "What do you make the most money out of here?" asked the city girl on her vacation. "Summer boarders," was the thoughtful reply of the farmer. Yonkers Statesman. Irate Dlr.er "Hey. waiter! There's not a drop of real coffee in this mixture:" Kresh Waiter "Some little bird told you, I suppose:" Irate Diner "Ves, a swal low." London Answers. Gentleman-" What -ou!d you do with a nickel If I gave you one?" Tramp (sar-castlcally)-"Git a new rig. mister, an' some supper an' a night's lodgln nn breakfast an' dinner tomorrow." Gentle man "My good fellow, take this quarter anil support yourself for the rest of your life." Boston Transcript. Mrs. Swiftlev and her former husband were still friends. Noting the similarity of names and their familiarity toward each other, a lady who was a guest with them at a week-end party, thought they iniitt ti cnllslnS. "1 Mr. Sniftley a connccttlon of yours? "N"o," laughed Mrs. Swlftley. "A dis connection." Cltlman-Are you still troubled with your neighbor's chickens. Suburb-Not at alL They are kept shut up now. Cltlman How did you manage: Suburb-Even- n,2ht I hld a Iot , of eggs In the grass, and every morning, ulien my neighbor was looking. I went out and brought them In.-Farming Busi ness. South American Exports Double. . June exports to South America were J1J.7U.0C0 ngalnst J7.iT3.0rO in June. 1MI the." Commerce Department announced ycstcrdiy. For the six months ending with June the oUl was JOUT3.000 com pared with I32.ki.000 for the frst and J3S.73t.0OO for the last half of the pre ceding year. Imports from South Ameri ca, for the six months ending with June also increased J11000.0CO over the corres ponding period of last year. S:S KS m Doings of Society .VAv...v.v.y1.;.v.v...xv.;.v.y.-;.v.v;x.X.XX "" VVVV.-V7y,ft Xv;v.-.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.v.w.v.v.v.v.v.-. Miss Margaret Wilson went to New York yesterday to take part In a so cial center celebration in Little Hun gary. Miss Wilson is preparing for a series of song recitals which she expects to give In Buffalo on October 6 and In Erie, t'a., and Cleveland on October 7 and 9. Mr. Adolph Caspar .Miller, of the federal Reserve Board, left yester day for California to Join Mrs. Mil ler, who has spent the summer there. Mr. and Mrs. Miller expect to return to Washington about the end of the month. Prince Alfred Hohenlohe. of the Austro-Hungarlan Embassy, was host at a breakfast at the summer em bassy at Lenox In honor of Miss LIp pitt. of Trovldence, daughter of Sen ator Lippitt. of Rhode Island. Miss Lippitt is touring with Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Congdon and Mr. Will iam B. MacColl. of Providence. Among the prominent folk lunch ing at the Shoreham yesterday were Mr. Peynado.- Mr. Charles Seymour, of the Belgian Legation: Secretary of War Garrison, Secretary of the In terior Lane. Assistant Secretary of War Breckinridge, and Mr. O'Laugh lln. Trincess David Kawanawoha, of Hono lulu, who spent last winter In Washing ton. Is the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hertle and Mr. and Mrs. Tracy C. Drake at Lake Geneva. The princess will meet her children, who are on their way from Honolulu, in Chicagoand will return to Washington with them. Mr. Preston Gibson will give a dinner party of seventy covers Friday evening at the Clambake Club. Newport. Dan cing will tollow. Dr. Cary T. Grayson returned to Wash ington yesterday from a week-end spent in New York. Mr. and Mrs. George Peabody Eustis entertained a dinner company at their Newport viiia, having among their guests Dr. and Mrs. Henry Barton Jacobs. Mrs. Whitney Warren. Mr. George Mann. Mr. and Mrs. Conde Nast. Mr. and Mrs. Woodbury Blair, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd S. E.-yce and Mr. and Mrs. Eustis. Admiral F. F. Fletcher has arrived In Washington and is stopping at the Shoreham. Mr. and Mrs. Gifford Plnchot, who have been at the Curtis Hotel at Lenox, went to New York yesterday. Naval officers at Newport, with their families and their guests from the sum mer colony, attended the ball given at the naval training station Labor Day. marking the closing of their carnival, which consisted of a sham battle and athletic sports for the benefit of their nthletlc and amusement fund. Rear Admiral Austin M. Knight, com mandant of Narragansett Bay naval sta tion, and president of the Naval War College, was present with Miss Katherlne G. Knight. They had as their guests Mr. an,i Airs. Gibson Fahnestock and Mrs. George II. Hull. Jr. Lieut, commanacr ana .ur. nam-n., Tavlor Evans had in their box Capt. anil Mrs. Charles C. Marsh. Mrs. Evans Pewall Mr. and Mrs. Grenvllle Kane and Lieut, end Mrs. William E. Wick ham. Mr. and Mrs. Teter Goclet Gerry have returned from a cruise on board the Oivera and are spending some time at their country place at Warwick Neck. R. I They have with them Mrs. Clarence Wilson." of this city, for whom they gave a dinner last evening. The wedding of Miss Laura Vail Wash burn and Ueut. Gilbert Marshall. U. S. A.; took place Saturday at Oakledge. the homo of the bride, at Saugertles. N. X. The bride was attended by Mrs. Richard C. Washburn and the best man was Mr. Carl Marshall, of New Orleans. The ushers Included Lieut. Arthur H. Dolg and Lieut. John K. Jemlson. who nre stationed at Fort Monroe. Va.. with Lieut Marshall, and Mr. Edward A. Washburn and Mr. Richard C. Wash burn. In the brilliant assemblage which gath ered for the closing day of the Newport Iiorse Show were thu Russian Ambassa dor and Mme. Hakhmeteff. Mrs. Paul A. Andrews. Mr. and Mrs. Terry Belmont. Mrs. William F. Draper. Miss Margaret Prestoij Draper. the Duchess dc Chaulne. Miss Marguerite Shonts. Mr. Stephen B. Klklns. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson Fahnestock and Miss Catherine Brltton. Mr. F. C. Proctor. Mrs. Proctor and Miss Proctor, of Beaumont, icx.. nun arrived at the Shoreham for a short stay. Mr and Mrs. Jerome N. Bonaparte re turned to Narragansett Pier last evening after a visit at Hill Top Inn. Newport. They left in their motor touring car last evening for New London, en route for New York and Southern resorts. -if.. t.-i i-rlehton Foster, daughter of Mr. "and Mrs. Thomas Crlchton. of Shrevcport. was married to Mr. John G. Gredler. formerly vice president of the Red River VAlley Bank and Trust Com pany of Shreveport, Monday at noon at her npartment In the Warrington, lfil Madison avenue. New York. It was a simple wedding, the ceremony being per formed by the Rev. D. J. McMillan. The bride entered the room with her brother. Mr. Powell Crlchton. She wore a travel ing' costume of dark brown cloth with a hat to correspond, a cluster of pink mlg non roses and lilies of the valley being placed at the corsage. There were no bridal attendants and the only witnesses to the marriage wero the young son of the bride, James Fos ter; Mr. Barnard Towers. Mr. James Crank, and Mr. Robert G. Morey. all of whom, with the bridcN brother, after ward went to the Vanderbllt Hotel for an Informal wedding breakfast. Shortly aftcr the breakfast Mr. and Mrs. Gredler left for a trip to California and after ward they will go to Waukesha. Wis., where Mr. Iredler will be a partner with Mr. Morey In the Pleasant Valley Farms, one of the largest dairies in that State. Mr. William Spencer, who has been spending the summer with his parents. Mr. and Mrs. John Thompson Spencer, at Newport, has come to Washington for a conference at the State Department before returning to his diplomatic post at Colon. Mr. and Mrs. Richard T. Wilson have as house guests Miss Margaret Brltton. of Washington, and Mr. Lynde Coch rane. Mr. Thomas Curtis, and Mr. La Baron Russell, of Boston. Mrs. Fechteler. wife of Rear Ad miral" A. F. Fechteler. U. S. N.. en tertained at a large dinner party re cently at her summer cottage at New port. Mr. and Mrs. Richard H. Williams, of New York, have announced the mar?lage of their daughter. Mrs. Josephine Theodara Williams Dixon, to the Hon. Cecil Arthur Campbell, second son of Lord Stratheden and Campbell, of Scotland. The ceremony was performed on Friday at the sum mer home, of Mr. and Mrs. Williams, fhe Oaks. Madison, N. J. No announce ment of the. engagement bad been mad. , ' A Mr. Campbell and his bride have sailed for England, where they will live. The bridegroom has a large estate at Jedburgh. Roxburghshire, Scotland. The bride has spent mucn of her time in Europe. In the winter she Jived with her pa'rents at their town house. 2 West Fifty-first street. ww ror city. Rev. Herbert Shipman. who has been In Newport all summer with Mrs. anipman ana her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Edson Bradley, has gone to the military camp at Plattsburg. Mrs. Charles I Cragln was hostess at tea yesterda afternoon on the lawn of the Greenbrier Hotel, at White Sulphur Springs. W. Va. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Astor Bristed have issued invitations for a dinner party Saturday night at their cottage. Lakeside, at Lenox. In honor of the Brazilian Ambassador to Vienna and Mme. Raoul Regis de Oltveira, whu will spend the week-end with them. Mr. Roland Campbell, attache of the British Embassy, is the guest of Mr Frederick A. Schonek at Lenox. Mrs. Breckinridge Bayne. of thll city, will be matron of honor at the marriage September 18 of Miss Isa belle F. Dunning, daughter of Mrs. William Fullerton Dunning, of New York, and Mr. Philllpse E. N. Greene. The wedding will take place at Loeual Farm Grove, Warwick. N. Y, the sunw mer home of the bride. The brides maids will be Miss Edith Blakeman and Miss Elsie Frost, of New Orleans, and Miss WUhelmlne Dunning, a sls-- of the bride, and Miss Florence E. Johnson, of Philadelphia, maid ot honor. " Mr. William Wallace. Assistant Attor ney General, is at the Shoreham. Mr. and Mrs. James A Richardson, of Baltimore, announce the engagement of their daughter. Dorothy, to Lieut Ed ward Mount Webster, of the U. S. Coast Guard. The wedding which will take place early in October, will be very quiet, only members of the family being Invited. Mrs. Shirley Carter, who spent th summer at Kennebunkport and the lattl season at Hot Springs. Vs.. will re turn this week to her home at Rux ton. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan Belmont, whose, marriage took place August 14. at New port, have returned from their wedding Journey and are visiting the latter's father and mother. Mr. and Mrs. Paul Andrews, at Rockry Hall, their villa In Bellvlew avenue. Newport. Mrs. An drews, who has been motoring In the White mountains, has also returned to Newport. Mrs. William B. Capcrton and Miss Marguerite Capcrton will remain through September at the Muenchinger-King. . Newport. Mrs. Thomas Kelly. Mrs John Kelly. Miss Mary Kelly, Miss Florence Kelly, and Mr. E. J. Kelly, of Johnstown. Pa., are spending some time at the Shore ham. Other arrivals at the Shoreham are Mrs. E. W. Sells and daughter, of Leesburg. Va.: Mr. W. N. Mills, of Phila delphia; Mr. LeRoy Parker, of Columbus. Ohio; Mrs. James F. Hlllman. of Pitts burgh: Miss Constance Weight, of Au gusta. Ga.: Mrs. Thomas Callender an Miss Louise II. Callender, of Brooklyn, N. Y. HISTORY BUILDERS. I " The Dutch Faith in American Securi ties. (Written EinrJj- for The Wshinjtro HrrcM.) By UK. K. J. KlIWAIIDS. i The late David A. Wells, who whll still a very young man was appointed U an office specially created for him In thi T.-easurv Department at Washlngtor when Salmon P. Chase was Secretar of the Treasury, could, had he been sc disposed, have written a very Interesting history of some of the financial transac-. tlons of magnitude which were carried on by the Secretary of the Treasury in toe first administration of President IJncoln. Occasionally Mr. Wells used tc chat'remlnlscently of his experiences In those- day and It was while he was thus disposed to talk that I mt him cne aft ernoon In the ear 1S75. Mr. Wells gained nn international repu tation In civil war days through a mono graph which he prtpared whereby It was llA n ,Kn, ,t. .-....... B..A n ..... X".t.l .i,...i!i tin,, iiiu iviiuiiitr!! yi iuj ..villi, were amjie to maintain tho expanses oM. the war even If those were continued 3t I the rate of a million dollars a day for ten )ears or more. There had been no I such rusterly demonstration of Amerl j can res. urcos since the days when Alex ander Hamilton made his great and now traditional report to Congress while he vi ns Secretary of the Treasury. I had heatd that It was partly due to Mr. Wells' pamphlet which was translated J Into all the European languages and widely circulated that the credit of theK t'nlted States was so greatly Improved that we were able to borrow large amounts of money trom Investors who lived across the sea. I xentured to say to Mr. Wells that I presumed that Eng land had been our greatest benefactor In the way of loans at the time of the cMl war. "That Is a view commonly held." said Mr. Wells, "hut It Is a mistaken on. There was a time early in the war das when the Confederate government se cured larger loans in London than tn United States was able to get. Thit was because English Investors bclicvtd that the Confederacy's loan was amply 1 secured by cotton. So pcrhap.- It would ' have been provided the blockade had not prevented the export of cctton. "Our great market In the early dais of the war. at least for loans, was :n Holland. The bankers and Investors ot' Amsterdam appear to have had a clearer view of actual conditions than did. thoe tjf London. These Amsjerdam bankers and Investors doubted whether the Con federacy could get Its cotton ncroas the sea. On the other hand, they had lookcl Into the resources of the North and th-it Investigation persuaded them that If tho terms wero satisfactory they co-lid safely Invest l.-rrge amounts n the loans of the United States. For a considerable time Amsterdam was the laigest .: vestor In our government loans. 1 sup pose that If what was called the seven thirties had been Issued In double tho amount Amsterdam would gladly hae taken the whole- loan. Later on In war days London began to Invest more heav ily in government bonds, but Amsterdam wns our principal market at fiistu" I asked Mr. Well to explain why the Issue of bonds ot which ho spoke wis called "seven-thirties." "It was chiefly for the purpose ot eay computation of the Interest. The inter est at 2 cents a day on HOC was equiv alent to 7 3-10 per cent as the yearly rate. It was for a long time the mcut popular of all our loans." iConrigit. USi. b) t J. EdrtH- AU ncba Tomorrow Dr. Edwards will tell Hd Alaska Was. Transferred to the Unite fitatea." A ri '. !. , aiS'foSfc " . t . .. -:. . 4S, v jfckKkiv . -r. !A-.7 i t. xs& &mm iWiMLwXsSM-iiit &t &!gfoawfta W3J L W -V i"X. zsajl Ui . ,l4VL. '.' ' "-"-- --" - - IWi i. w -t j?3zvis?T-LjaK'iet- -.-. QSi-'.m -Jii ?j?;S&izms.- aaa. w&