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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 08, 1918, Image 1

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Fair and colder to
day; tomorrow, fair,
with moderate north
west to weat winds.
it not a party **?ewip*per. It
is gut to help the government win
the war.
NO. 4092.
Premiers of Britain, Fiance and Italy
to Meet in Paris for Joint Restate
ment of Their War ?Aims.
Bolsheviki Reported Preparing to Use Chao?
as Weapon Against Germans by Adopt
ing Guerrilla Tactks in Wilderness.
London, J?. 7.?Germany's great diplomatic peace tteara roller
it badly stalled for the moment at least.
First, the Bolsheviki threw a spoke into its wheels by their refusai
to be trapped, and now the empire's "home front" is wavering.
The Socialists, majority and minonty.wings alike, have come out
solidly and unequivocally against the "camouflage" clause on annex
ation. They side with the Russians on this issue. .
AlaVca Prepare .\ext StraAe. i
Ut thia criUcal interim, while Berlin
is once more engulfed by a violent
political battle, tbe allies are ener
getically preparine for the next stroke
m their diplomatic counter offensive,
opened by Premier Lloyd George's
war aim? apeech yesterday.
Th? premier? ot Britain. France and
Italy, it waa authoritatively stated,
?re getting ready fo* a momentous
? -inference at Part*, preparatory to
isauing a joint restatement of the
three powers' 'war ?iros.
Meanwhile, at Russian army head
quarter? in tbe field, a war council 1?
beim* held. step, are being discussed
that may lead to a resumption by
Russia, not of military operation? on
a vast scale, such ?s an ovtee-sive of
the Brusiloff type, but of active, ener
getic, guerrilla defense of the Russian
?baa. aa Her ?Veaa-ta.
In this defense Russia doe? not aak
.lineai aid. She rejects IL She pro
pos?? to throw chao? Into the teeth
of ?ay military move? the German?
may attempt. She will give the Teu
ton commander? the thing they fear
more than organised armies?a
? rippled land of endless vastnees. that
haa ae food, no transportation, and
who.? productiveness is paralysed, a
aad peopled by human guerrilla?,
??very one of them. m ami with a
rifle," ?a Trotxky put? It.
In Russia, according to the Bolshe
iki plan, the German armies are
to meet the sort of thing that broke
their daah to Paris?a Belgium on a
Russian ?cale. Belgium'? area is 11?
373 square milea Russia's area is 8,
K 17,118. The population of Belgium I?
.0SO.0QO. that of Russia more than
ta. ? her Deeel? I rae?.
Fully aware of these prospect?, Hln
ienburg and Ludendorff are believed
a be bringing a tremendous pressure
ipon the Berlin government to yield
o the Bolsheviki They argue that
?hat they cannot get from negotla
ion? nor in the East they will take by
force "after the blow in th? Weat."
Dr. von Kuehlmann. the foreign
minister, with tbe central powers'
delegations, is still at Brest-Lttovsk.
A? a "club" for the Bolsheviki, they
?re now dealing with the Ukraine
separately. Meanwhile, however, they
t? sent a wireless mesage to Petro
grad. Indirectly inviting the Bolsheviki
o come bac*k and resume the peace
In allied quarteis the whole Ruse
Teuton proceedings are beta?; watch
ed with growing skepticism. From the
very outset there have been strong
symptom? of a pre-arranged "canwu
tla??" to lure the Western allie? Into
a general peace conference. There la a
?rowing laelief in ?ome entente circle?
hat th? Teuton opposition to moving
he parley? to Stockholm I? only a
Tbe Paris Matin argues ?hat the
Germans, by feigning unwillingness
ta go to Stockholm, are giving the
Bolshevlki plan la that direction the
stamp of independence and sin
Today's news from Petrograd toll
lag of Bolshevlki preparations for
new war-like attitude somewhat
counteracted thl? skepticism, but tbe
'aris Paper Says Reported Collapse
of Negotiations Farce.
Ip telai < ..le ?. The V? a. ai a* tea
H.rai? aad New e erb Trikaae.
Paris. Jaa. 7.?The Bolaheviki have
-oruented to renew peace negotiation*
1th th? Teuton? at Breat-Lttovsk.
According to "La Labert" the paper
that the apparent break be
vareen the two group, of delegates
only a farce. It believe? the Bol
hevlki are playing a doubla game,
tending to resist Germany'* pro
posal?, while preparing to yield to
hem, ao a? to influence ? ! lied opin
- Th. declaration of Von Dem Busche
?fore the main committee of th?
ftetchstag." the paper continue?, is
mended to facilitate the resumption
if the negotiation? with tbe Russians.
He declare that the Impaniai gov
rnroant wants to fulfill loyally It?
romia. concerning the right? ot peo
lea to decide their fat. far them
trvea, but ?add? a reatrtctlon. such
a I? always to be found aaaociated
ith all Germany*? declaration?.
"What the German delegates will
ell the-Bolsheviki is thia: 'We are
ary too willing to evacuate the ter
itorie. which we occupy In Rua
ia. but we -cannot do so unie*, the
ne-llah and French evacuate our eol
nle? aad the Turkish landa which
hey hold.'
Then Trotxky win turn to us and
e that w?. |D our tura, submit
fhe merry of th. rentrai power?."
Tells Congr-ess Business
Methrxls Are Needed in
War Department.
Severe criticism of red tape meth
ods in the War Department, with
a demand for the replacement of
Incompetent officers by civilians, waa
made' yeaterday before the House
Military Affairs Committee by Maj.
Gen. George W, Goethals. recently
placed at the head of the quarter
master general'a department.
Gen. Goet?als* testimony was givaa
behind dosed door?. No reference
waa mad? by him, a? far as waa
?earned, to the recent reorgarilla
tion of the Ordnance Bureau by the
naming of civilian? to have charge
of purchases, nor to Secretary Ba
ker's announced Intention to adopt
the same plan in the purchase of
quartermasters' supplie?.
atari??- Preaeata BUL
After introducing a bill. Identical
with Se?aloi- Chamberlain's, to create
a Minister of Munition?, Representa
tive Borland, of Missouri, declared- he
would ask President Wilson to state
hia position on this proposal before
the end of the week.
He said that Information reaching
Senator Chamberlain and hin??If was
that officialdom in the War Depart
ment opposed this reform; that Sec
retary Baker waa not unfavorably
disposed; and that ? President Wilson
might be won to It, once he waa con
vinced tbe move did not smack of
partisan politica
Gen. Goethals' testimony was given
In executive session. Only the out
lines of it became known. But com
mittee members ssld that replying to
questions as to the need of certain
appropriations, he declared hia em
phatic disapproval of the over-eya?
te??fixation which has grown up, he
said, in the department.
He declared that array officers had
grown up In the atmosphere of red
tape that only business men, accus
tomed to entirely different methods,
could bring Ww ?peed to the purchase
of supplie?.
t ?alltlaa I'aMart l raed.
"A general Ir?piaaaion has grown
up which couples a minister of muni
tions with partisan politics and Col.
?Roosevelt," said Representative Bor
land. "It haa all had the appearance
ot propaganda. I shall orge the
President that the need of this raform
should be urged from the Democratic
side of the Houae aa an administra
tion measure."
Borland expects the Senate to act
before the House on the bill creating
the ministry. He worded hi? bill
identically? with Senator Chamber
lain'? in the interest? of speed.
Representative McCormick. Illinois.
recently returned from the war ?one,
urged In a speech today both a coali
tion cabinet and the creation of a
munition? department.
"The task of organising ari?la? and
of forging the instrumentalities of de
struction waa too great even for tha
great Kitchener," he said. "In Eng
land and France tha manufacture of
gun? and munitions haa been taken
from the war department, a? it will
be here if we are to profit by tha
lessons of war."
Accident Will Prevent His Pi
at Capitol Today.
Representative T. W- Sims, of Ten?
nessee, yesterday injured himself
eeverly about the shoulder when be
slipped and fell an the Ice In front of
the Senate Office Building, from which
he waa returning to his office? on the
other aide of the Capuol.
He was brought to hia home In an
automobile and although he 1? not in
a serious condition, it was announced
last night that he will not be able
to preside at a hearing before the'
House Committee on Interstate and
Foreign Commerce today. He ia rank
ing member of the committee during
the absence of Repr?sentative Will
iam C. Ada?taon, of florida.
Repr?sentativ? Frank E. Dorerous.
of Michigan, next in the order of
?enlrtHrv, ?HI? |? <mtm,,.
War Office Reports Indicate
Preparations for Offen
sive in the North.
Spedai OsHs 4? Tata Waaanmertum
lierai? and ~aw Yark Trlbea?, a
London, Jan. 7.?"At ?ome points'
British patrols hav? forced th? Piave
and caused alarsi te tbe enemy's
linea." Thia statatment la th? official
communique teeued by the Italian
war offloe tonight Is construed by
military critic? her? aa foreca?tlng
important development? on tb? Piave
front In Us? Immediate future.
For several days the British unit?
hav? ?hown extraordinary activity
along th? Middle Piava, time and
again making successful thrusts across
the river in co-operation with French
and Italian filers and supported by
the concentrated fire ot their own and
their allies' batteries.
The wording of the Italian report
leave? it uncertain whether British
troop? now hold position? on the
eastern bank of tha Piave, or wheth
er the operations referred to consisted
merely ot??M? Into the enemy's lines
from which the British returned after
Inflicting damage and taking prison
Haa? Net Ready.
While there haa come an end to
the heavy snowstorms of last week,.
the Teuton - art?les on the northern
mountain front have by no means
escaped the peril which the broclr
Ing of- their main line? of communi
cation presented. It Is extremely
doubtful if they now are, or will
be within weeks, in a position to
resume their campaign toward the
Venetian Plain.
Thia it is believed. Is the only way
tha Italian situation can b? saved.
If the invader? are able to hold the
dominating positions they now occupy
between the Astaco Plateau and the
upper Piar? during the coming week?.
it la inevitable that when conditions
make possible the resumption of their
major offensiv? in the ' north they
will smash through to the plain? ?nd
compel tbe withdrawal of the Italian
Une behind the Adige ?nd the sur
render of Venice, Treviso and Padua
The Italiana and their allies today
have the opportunity to strike tbe
enemy a hard, perhaps a disastrous,
blow. Tomorrow -that opportunity
may have vanished. Tbe next tern
day? should see Important develop
ments on the Piava front.
ItaHaad* Take r-rtaaaer
Rome report? Increasing activity aa
, the northern front today. North Of
?.-oataranga Austrian parties were
driven rack and puraued by Italian
patrol?, who captured priaoaars.
On the* As?a-o Plateau, enemy
transport? and troops on the march
were disorganised by the accurate fire
of the Italian guns. Between the
Frenxela and Brenta valleys there
were violent concentrations of artil
lery fire, the statement says, and at
other pointa, ?o tabi y In the ?agatina
Valley and near Vldor, the Ftench
and British batteries achieved excel
lent, results against the enemy.
In Albania an enemy attack waa
broken up, the communique adda
Activity ha Klaader?.
Fighting activity in Flanders last
night and this morning assume con
siderable proportions, the war of
fice communication Indicate at dawn
the Germans attempted a strong
raid against the British positions
southeast of Ypres? which Field
Marshal Haig asserts was beaten
back with loss by rifle sad machine
gun lire.
Later In the day violent artillery
duels developed on the salient east
of Ypres, In the neighborhood of
Passehendaele, and In isolated sea
tors between the roads leading from
Arraa and Perenne to Cambrai, Ber
lin reports. ?
On the French front the troops
of the Crown Prince failed in an
attack on Petain's trencheat north
of Hill 104. on the left bank of the
Meuse. On the right bank Paris
reports artillery fighting of "keen
intensity" during the course of tbe
night in the region of Besonvaux
and Chambrettes.
Traps of Devilish Design Used
Against Allied Soldiers.
With tha American Army in France,
Jan. 7 ?American soldier* have been
warned against German "booby" traps
and snare? which the an?my is in
venting aa faat as the old ones are
Ground recently gained by the
French and British turned out to ba,
dotted ?rlth devili?? devio?? that are
against all civilised warfare, such
flat boards made bkimltata lookout
seats at the entra?nes of dugout?,
one end of which connect? with a hid
den mine which explodes when the
boards are touched.
On the floor? ot German trenches
and dugouts have been found see
saw boards which, when stepped on,
cause hidden bomb cases to explode.
The Germans even used their un
cofflned dead as snares for the ad
vancing foe, placing coffins on top of
others. ,
The removal of the topmost would
offset a charge of high explosives and
blow up partie? attempting to give
the enemy dead a Christian burial.
Elmira, N. Y., Jan. 7.?Employes
of the Mammoth - Willis - Morrow
Company factory here were vacci
nated today following the discovery
of smallpox. The victim was Harry
Clark, of Baltimore, who Is superin
tending the installation of equip
ment. /
Mrs. Hearst Honored.
New York, Jan. 7.?Mayor John F.
Hylan today appointed Mra William
R. Hearst chairman of the woman'?
committee of the mayor'? committee
?r n?*t--"pt r1?f"??-?.
TeutonPress Gagged
By Censorship Rules;
Must Slur Pershing
State D?partaient Publishes Series of Secret
Berlin Orders Strictly Governing News
papers?Interests of Kaiser's War Party
Guarded?Popular Unrest Taboo.
Censor's Do's and Don'ts
For the Press in Germany.
Should belittle siae of Pershing? force.
Muat not (tir up labor discontent.
Kay print demands of Socialists if adversely commented on.
Must not print new* of popular excesses and unrest.
May ' print only official reports on debates in Austrian
Must not diacloae movement through Germany of Russian*
sent back to Russia for pro-German propaganda.
Muat not disclose importations of food from Holland and
other neutral countrie?.
May print article? {rom enemy papers on collapse of Russia.
Must not print letters from the front discussing politic?.
Muat not print anything about fires at aviation campe.
Should emphasize Austrian successes on Italian front.
Must not compare trade figure? with those of peace tune*.
Must not give expression to "sentiments hostile to Ger
many." \
Should emphasize more strongly that'there is no justifie?,
tion for enemy statements that submarine warfare haa failed.
Should emphasize failure of enemy offensives on all fronts.
Sensation*)! evidence of the extent to which the Prussian govern
ment has subjugated the press of Germany to the interests of the Kaiser
?nd his war party has been supplied to the Department of State.
Copies of secret ?nd drastic regulations issued to German editors
show not only that the German newspapers are prohibited from printing
new* that is bad. but ?re required to comment only in tenu of praise
on events of military and political nature.
Car.raa Pa ?.hl. a*. Fare?.
Among tbe regulation? issued ia the
following setting forth hem the Ger
man paper? must comment on US?
(liapatch at Feeahin*-'? expedido? to
? "PeUt P?rlsien (a Paria ii*a?n?mfc
? Inform? u? tatst flv. American divis
ions, numbering ???>,000 men. may be
expected in France in the autumn of
1917. It I? urgently requeaied not la
reproduce thi? information without
some comment.
"We do not wish to underestiiaaa?
th? ability of America to accomplish
thing?, but wa must not. on th? other
hand, overestimate It. In order to
bring a division over from America,
7-.000 ton? muat make the trip twice.
Therefore, from the mere faat Of lack
of ?pace, the transportation of auch a
body of troop, within certain fixed
time limit? la impossible. Moreover,
It I? impossible to train these troop?
properly by autumn.
"These fact?, which have recently
beam dlacussed In tit. German war
new?, cannot be too strongly em
phasized in the discussion of the
French new?."
Harry Luckenbach. Second
of Firm's Steamers Lost,
Carried Supplies.
* An Atlantic Fort. Jan. 7.?The
Harry Luckenbach, an American
steamer, waa torpedoed and ?unk
with probably loss of life in the
English Channel, according to cable
advices received today by her
owner?. '
The crew constated of thirty men
exclusive of the naval guard. Eight
of the crew are missing. Further
details are lacking.
The Harry Luckenbach was the
second steamer owned by the Luck
enbach Line to be sunk within three
months. The first waa the D. N.
Luckenbach, five of who?? crew
perished when ?he wa? torpedoed
October 17.
A number of the crew of th? J. L.
Luckenbach. another ?hip ?f th.
?ame Une, loat their live? in October
during a light with a U-boat.
Oen. Pershing requisitioned th.
Harry Luckenbach about October IS
for use ?s a supply ship. She is
supposed to have piled ?Inc. that
time between English and French
. She waa commanded by Capt. E
S. Jon??, registered 2.79S groo? tons.
wss built in England in 1811 and
waa first aamed th. Surrey, later
the Michigan and finally wa? given
the name ahe bore when ?unk.
Wealthy Auto Dealer
Held by Kidnappers
Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. T.?Cleveland
police today believe Frank B. Smith,
wealthy dealer In automobil??, ha?
been kidnapped and is being held for
ransome. Smith has been missing
?ine? Thursday.
Smith, who wa? active in proaecut
ing two men on a criminal charge
here, may have bean kndnapped for
A latter ?crawled en wrapping? pa
per received by Mra Smith follow*:
"Bring ?1,000 to atop Number 10.
Lake Shore Electric, 8trad?y night
at 1 o'clock. Tour husband Is ?.
-C. I'?? y?>ur *--"i?h .-.??-."
Another regulation reads:
"While the news about America's
war preparation?, such as the organi
zation and outfitting of aa army 1,000,
(aX> strong to re-enforce th? Frailoh
Bngll?h front, ?a looked upon, ia that
?form, a? "?luff. tM spreadlnf/ ot
which may -unfavorably affect the
opinion ?f the German people, yet the
fact must not be overlooked, on the
other hand, that the United State?,
with the support of its capacity for
material and industrial management,
is arming Itself for war with great
energy and tenacity.
"The war preparaiions in America
ara therefore, ?a was Intimated in the
Rear-hat?g at the time, not at all to
be made little of, but must be taken
seriously without on that account
being made a source of worry."
Still another says:
"It 1? dealred that It should be
clearly and distinctly put In the fore
ground that the enemy offensive ha?
utterly failed on all fronts, that the
entente has no alternative but to at
tempt a new offensive a? the enemy's
statesmen are still against peace.
W.H.Smith, Resenting Def
ers' Repudiation of Finn's
Ad, Quits Meeting.*
Equipment and resource? of Dis
trict coal dealers will be pooled and
operated by an executive committee
of five dealers and a representative
of the Fuel Administration.
The plan worked out by a com
mu?e of dealer? appointed Friday
was submitted last night to all the
dealers, John L. Weaver. District
administrator, and Commissioner
Mr. Weaver urged thrae minor
changes, which wore adopted. Then
the plan was approved.
The executive committee of five was
appointed to administer the pooling
regulations. It la headed by C. F.
Fadeley, chairman of the centralisa
tion committee and of its executive
committee. Other members are I.. K.
Steuart, J. P. Stephenson, W. Hamil
ton Smith and Bernard L. Grove.
Ad laawa Huello?.
A page advertisement was In
serted by J. Maury Dove, jr.. In
an afternoon paper yeeterday, signed
"Centralisation committee of ten of
the coal dealers ot the District of
Columbia." It absolved coal dealers
of blame for the coal situation and
criticised the Fuel Administration.
Members of the centralisation
committee denied they had authoris
ed the advertisement, which caused
Mr. Weaver to demand of Chairman
Fadeley "a full explanation from
the coal merchant? of the fact? and
This explanation must be given, he
said, before he could consider the
pooling arrangement.
"Any organisation of coal dealers
that will serve the public in this
emergency must be able to command
the loyalty of the coal merchants
of the city." said the admlnlatrator.
"Thi? publication, signed in this man
ner without your knowledge or the
knowledge of your committee. Indi
cate? that a? yet yoar organisation
does not command adequate loyalty
and support."
Xr. Weaver's lottar wa* read to
the meeting by Mr. Fadeley.
"This advertisement waa not
*V??-T??-i rr, f??r ?, , ? ?? ????-.
Revivalist Fails to See Presi
dent, but Shakes Hands
with Many Workers.
There were no revival services at
the tabernacle yeaterdsy. but Billy
Sunday and Ma weren't Idle. Not by
a jugful!
The ?trenuou? evangelist, Mr?. Sun
day and every member ot the official
party talked at a big gathering of
ministers and laymen In tbe First
Congregational Church In the morn
ing. And in the afternoon Billy and
Ma went "alghtaeelng." while the
other Sunday campaigners stayed at
home and reeted up a bit.
Th? ? "?ightaeelng*? trip included
visit? to th? White Houae and the.
State. War and Navy department?.
Billy and Ma went In their own
limousine, with Its American flags
draped at the side window? and it?
?ervlce flag, in honor of "son George,"
who Is ?n officer In the i'nited States
Aviation Corpa, ?t the rear.
Billy I.vile. 'F.aa AIL
The noted evsngelist and his wife
met Secretary of War Baker, sec
retary of the Navy Daniels, and Joe
Tumultj, executlae ?ecretary to Presi
dent Wilson. They shook hands witn
?ever?! hundred attache? of the v?rl*
oua department? and Invited the
"whole bunch" over to the Tabernacle
during the campaign.
"Anybody working to help Uncle
Sam win thia war against that dirty
bunch . overee??," remarked Billy aa
he got friendly with the attache?, "can
have anything they want over at the
Tabernacle. . Best seats in the house
are yours for the asking."
Billy and Ma didn't get to President
Wilson. He wa? attending an impor
tant conference and Billy ?aid he ?
call again. Secretary Tumulty took
the visitors In tow and showed them
the executive office* and several or
the White House room?.
Old Pal. Meet Aerata.
Sunday and Tumulty are old
friend?. They met while Billy was
conducting a revival In Trenton. X.
J., which wa? Secretary Tumulty's
headquarters when he wa? associst
?d with Governor Woodrow Wil?on,
ot New Jersey.
It waa a case of "Hello, Joe." and
"Howdy. Billy," and the pair ware
soon ia deep confab talking over
old time?. Bacretary Tumulty ax?
pial.ied teat take President aa ?
KAtea. at aa important conference,
and Hilly replied:
?That'? ?Jl right. Joe. Ill Just look
around a bit while I'm here and I'll
sure call ?gain to pay my respect,
to MT. Wilson. He's got a mighty
hard Job on hi? hand? just now. ?nd
It's a wonder to me he is able tn
lie comfortably at night, so great
Is the responeili?ity that's been put
up to him -is the head of the world's
? re? test nat'ua."
So Secretary Tumulty took Billy
and Ma through the executive of
fice? and showed them about all that's
to be seen.
-V? eri?"? ?rea-e.?. ?>."
"Great place, thia," commented
Billy. "And so here's where the great
est man In the world today doe? hla
work, eh? Well, say. this is one of
the moat sacred spots 1 ve ever been
In. God bless the President and his
Cabinet and everybody that's got any
thing to do with running thia whale
of a country of ours."
BUly and Ma shook hands all ?round
and then drifted over to the State.
War and Navy Building. Secretary
of state L-ansing was not in his office
when the visitors called. But Billy
shook hands some more and grinned
like a kid at first sight of the tree on
Christmas morn.
"Howdy, folk?," waa his erecting to
the attaches and the cops and the
guara?. They closed in around Billy
and Ma fhr a close-up view and Billy
was for shaking hands all around.
Secretary of War Baker greeted
Billy and Ma effusively and Billy
smiled hi? broadest smile as he warm
ly grasped the hand of the country's
"war director."
"God bless you." was Billy's saluta
The evangelist had a few minute?'
chat with the Secretary of War and
then he and Ma did some more hand
Secretary Daniels had a ?arm
greeting for the evangelist and for
Ma. The Secretary had attended the
opening meeting of the Sunday cam
paign and he expressed himself a? be
ing "surprised'' at the ^remarkable
vitality of the evangelist. Mr. Dan
iels remarked that Billy "would sure
make a good recruiting officer."
Billy and Secretary Daniels talked
a bit together and then the evangel
ist wished Mr. Daniels "Goodspeed"
and shouted "goodby." He went
through another handshaking period
Enemy Alien Census Taker and Teu
tons Sent to Restricted Zone.
Italy Is enforcing the movement of
Austrian and German families from
Rome to Southern Italy through an
exact, census of all enemy alines, ac
cording to dispatches received here.
The government is determined that
there shall be no repetition of Ger
man propaganda work in the capital
or near the army.
Among the persons removed from
the capital Is Prof. Beloch. professor
of ancient history in the University
of Rome.
Dispatches tell of enthusiastic sup
port of the war by both the Catholic
and Socialist elements, despite the
An official denial Is Issued that there
le any wireless apparatus in St Peter's
Cathedral, and It 1* denied that the
Pope'* Christmas peaoe message was
distorted by the Italian news agency
which sent Ii out- These denials are
taken to mark an era of better feel
In? between th? Vatican and the gov
Hiram ?Johnson. Backed by Progres
sives of Both Parties, Declares for
Permanent Federal Control
Kruttschnitt and Thorn Assail President'?
Three-year Compensation Basis? Predict
ing Mass of Litigation Will Follow.
President Wilton's railroad program yesterday plunged mio a
legislative turmoil that threatens not only lo delay it considerably, but
actually to mar it.
Two fights were launched upon it in Congress, one by the rail
roads and one by a determined group of Senators.
Railroad executives, headed by A. P. Thorn, their counsel, and
Julius Kruttschnitt, of the Southern Pacific, led an assault on the
President's three-year-average compensation plan. It was indicated
they will have the backing of most of the roads.
Forces Abroad Arc Men
aced by Freight Jam
Holding Up Supplies.
So Mno'jj haa bfeoiw th? problem
of co_l transportation that the War
Department, tha Navy, the Treaaury.
tba Commerce and l_abor and the
? Fusi Ad-Dmistrntion took sudden
steps yeaterday to help Director Gem
erai McAdoo .nore fuel ta Am aa?-'
board terminala.
Temporarily the government U
faced with the critical question of 1
maktrip a choice between hurrying
troopa to France fn response to CoL
House's urging, or Corwarding sup
plies to the allie??.
Pointing out the extreme danger to
the forces abroad. Director McAdoo
issued an appeal to the people to
make the week beginning next Mon
day "Freight Moving Week" to clear
the track? of congested freight, "if
the demands of the people for the
necessaries of life and of the army
snd navy for essential munitions and
supplica are to be met."
Se*-retary of War Bak.r has put up
to Gen. George W. Go-ithals the task
of clearing out the thousands of ?sar?
on which war material i?-- t?t..red
At a meeting of the Port War Hoard
of th? port of New York, held here.
Secretary McAdoo was reli?-ved of his
duties as chairman of the coai-d. and
Edward Iff. Hurley, chairman of the
Shipping Board, was named in his
place. They will confer with repre
sentatives of steam railroads and the
owners of all terminal and harbor
lasaiea M airmen,.
With ships the most s? -ious factor
in the war tran?? por tat. on problem.
Secretary of the Navy Dsniels, made
th_s signific-triu remark: "T.ansporta
tion Is still the neck of th? war
Secretary McAdoo said further: "?
earnestly request the governors of the
various Stales, the public utilities
commissioners, the mayors oj citJ-ea
and towns, the State ?x-unciTs of na
tional defense, the Federsl and State
Food and Fuel .\dministraior.?. the
chambers of commerce, a nd other
business organisations, busineasrnen
und shippers generally, trucking com
panies at id all railroad employes con
cerned, to organize locally and to
make a supreme effort during this
week to unload freight cara, to re
move freight from railroad stations
and to clear the decks for a more ef
ficient operation of the railroada of
the country,
"I'nder the new demurrage order
just issued, heavy charges for deten
tion of freight cars will go Into effect
on and after January 2*.
Administration Plans Drastic Laws
to Reach Slackers.
T_egiMatfon looking to tbe com
? ulaory conservation of food?pos
sibly a system of enforced ration
ing?is being prepared. This can j
be stated on the highest authority.
Voluntary conservation has fail
ed to produce the quantities of food
desired for movement overseas, al
though the rampai gn Ear food esv-s,
ing is being supported loyally by
hundreds of thousands of persons
throughout the country.
Enemy aliens, it has been learn
ed by the Food Administration,
have refused deliberately to obey
the Injunction to conservi- food.
They have elected publicly and
privately to balk th*? success of the
Under the proposed legislation,
wheatless day?*, meatless days, aa
well as other regulations for food
conservation, will be made abso
lutely compulsory. It ia declared.
Alaska*? Accasa Jadfc.
Seattle. Wash.. Jan. 7.?4'Hixei.s or
Nome, Alaska, bave filed 'charges of
pro-Germanism against Federal Jud-re
William S. Holschehner, recently ap
point?- to tbe Nqsm aislsiUM. accord
ons: *o ~"?-?1 fwat^j*t\-ry4\ h?re t?v.??v.
TW. ??. Ito?. I *.<-!..
S? nator? ?plit into two faction*
ov,r the question of permanent *ow
eminent ownership, each faction bo?
ing bi-partisan.
Following Senator Hiram Johnson a
announcement that he would fight ?a
make government control permanerli.
Republican? of th. "Old Guard" cau
cuaed ?nd decided to block him. Con
aequently. Senator? Wataon and Gaa
linger came out with amendment? taa.
the administration bill. Both . would
amend the last aection. which beep*
the railroad? until Congre?? ?hall
turn them to their owners. Wa
would have th? road? held six ?
after the end of the war, bat
linger wants them returned
ately at the war's cooeluslo"-.
Senator Johnson will hav? th. aar
port of the pi ligi ? aaaaaa
?uch a* Cummin?, of Iowa?
ethers, besides the ?Id of prominent,
rieenocrat?- Oa the other hand, Wat?
eon aad Oalltniror will rally Detain -
creta at well a? Republic?? ?uapot?-.
rare?-. Itaaae' Hal
Th. ?enifk-Lnce of the rail read?*?
attack on tha ?-ompenaation pi???,
'?va? pointai? out by Senator Pal??)
bfxt?r ia yesterday", ??raci?n of tha
Interatate Commerce Commit te?
While questioning Mr. Krutt-e
schnitt. Senator Polndexter br<,upliB
out the fact that the railroad l-ilr
give? the roads opposing- the piani
the rieht of appeal to the Court oB
Cta-Baa?. Mr. Kruttschnut ?aid that
unless some plan w.? found tbsS
appealed to all the roads a? beine
fair, a great mas? of litigai ' a
would follow? sovernment control
KruttBchnitt lodged two obre??,
tion? against President Wilson'?
plan. He declared ?ome pro* - ?
??hoald be made to reimburse road,
for money invested in their prop-?
erty since the end of tbe flecal
year 1*17. last June SO. which th?*
bill does not now include. H? al-o?
asserted that it was not fair to in?
elude the fiscal year ISIS la ilia
average compensation scheme, he?
cus. ISIS, he said, wa? an except
tionally bad year. .
Fair. < aaaaala. I aia.?
"But were not lilt; ,u*J 1S1T ea.ee-*?
tionally good years?' asked SenatT
When Kruttschnitl admitted theft
Were. Senator Cummin? declared it
seemed t. him only fa.r to includa
Knittschnitt insUted l?.", wa? far ?ve-,
low normal, ?nd Senator Cummin?
thereupon ***n*d him to n?rra? a norma?
year for railroad earnin-.-. w h?-,
Kruttavchnitt hesitated. Senator Cura-I
intra? ?sked if he would say any veal?
as far back ?. 191* ?as ? normaf
railroad year. Krutts? hum ?aid 1"1S
was the beat, but even it wa? noe
very good.
Senator Cummins was sat.sfted ta
pass the point, after ? Lowing thai
the roads will receive .rom the gov.
ernmenl ahout tSS2.ZH'.6ta a yeair un.
dor the three-year averatring plan.
But Senator I'nderwood refused la
drop the question.
"What would you consider ? fair
basis of compensation?" ho aske.i
The exact basis named by thej
Typical Washington Winter Weather
About to Be "Enjoyed."
The District has settled down ta
enjoy ?ome typical Washington * in
ter weather, with plenty of slurb.
drittlet and casual freeses.
While a drop in temperature I?
predicted for today, at is net I" -
Ueved the mercury will deacend ta
the level of a few daya ago. Cloudi
ness is also predicted, with the pos
sibility of either rain or ?now or
While the slippery condition "f
the street? has improved, anoth r
rain, under present weather cond.
tion.-. would ?gain make them moia
desirable for skating than lor walk
ing. Non-skid material?, rangln?;
from ?and to excelsior, were piece,
on many sidewalk* yesterday la
some'pisce? there was a "sawdust
trail." In others, dirt and a*hr?
were utilised. Grocery ?tore? were
partial to the powdarad co.k ??.<
In pecking grapes.
Acid Sp-A EWi I
I-extngion. ?->'?. Jan. 7.?H -era
used in tying river craft her- hav.
been treated with acid, caia? . them
to break, lxx al authorities,
lag a plot agaii-st the g<
have reported the fact ? ?>
headquarter? at Cincinnati St I? be
lieved the acid ??? appit? at Jer
City, ?ben the hawaera ? *% mn. -

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