Sunday Bitterly A rraigns Inhuman Practices of the Hun
Fair today; ?now
at night or tomor
row; slightly w-rmer
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
is not a party newspaper It
it out to help the government vvm
WASHINGTON, D. C. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 9. 1918.
WILSON MAKES PEACE LESS REMOTE FOR ALLIES
GERMANY'S LAST CHANCE
SAYS "BILLY," REFERRING
TO PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE
Revivalist Says Central Powera Are "Gone"
Uniese They Snatch Present Oppor
tunity to End World War.
B7 ARTHUR JOYCE.
Billy Sunday wound up a great sermon at the Tabernacle last
night with one of the most inspiring patriotic "digressions" he has ever
nade in any of his campaigns.
He pictured to an audience of approximately 14,000 persons, who
crowded every available inch of space in the big wooden building op
posite Union Station, the cruelties of Germany in the Belgian Invasion,
the horrible murder of Armenian men and women and children by the
Turks, the persecution of Servia and Rumania and Poland, the sinking
of the Lusitania, "with its martyred men and defenseless women and
?.Idler. Cheer Evangelia?.
Then he leaned over the plnttorm
? nd shouted to the (rent gathering.
"What grave is deep enough to
bury the German assassin? of wo
men and children, the despoilers of
women ?nd children?those pirates
of the sea th?t sent the Lusitani?
to the bottom of the ocean where
their skeletons now cry eut for
Billy banged hi? fist on the wood
en pulpit, the perspiration flowed
from his face and he ?houted with
all the physical power he could
"It's up to the United State* to
wipe out this nation, in the n.m?
of God: Germany h?? her only
?-?ance now. President Wilson
pointed oat the way In hi? address
to Conerei? today. And if she
d?>??n-t take it. ?he? GONE! GONE:"
Ther? were about tiOO ?oldiers
lined up in the front rows with
t?at big audience of 14,000 and they
Md a loud cberlng that wouldn't
be interrupted. Billy tried to urtk.
IS? couldn't. The crowd cheered
?ard shouted and hurrahed. It
cheered again ami for the third
time the ailence of a few seconds
wa? Interrupted while?athe vast au
dlenc? applauded and shouted. It
wa? a remarkable sigbt.
"It I had nothing else ?gainst
Germany,'* continued BlUy. "I'd hate
? her for having locked arms with
th? ?_?tardly Turkish nation that
COSTINCI*:? ON PAGt NIXE.
SAYS U. S. MUST
GIYE UP ROADS
Kr?llschnitt* Makes Plea
for Restoration of Pri
Government ownership of the rail?
roads is absolutely unnecessary, ac
cording to Julius Kruttschnitt. Testi
fying yeeterday before the Senate
Committee on Interstate Commerce,
th? chairman of the Southern Paci
fic'* board of directors asserted that
the government can reap all the bene
fit? and avoid all the liabilities of
railroad ownership by leaving the
roar?? to their preaent owner? after
lie stipulated two conditions on
which tbe roads could, under private
control, do ?a well ?a they could po*
?ibly do under government ownership.
Th??e were, unification Into a single
?ystem by government direction and
elimination by the government of th?
antlpoollng ?ectlon of the ?ntltruat
?it AM? Raw??.
With these step? taken, he ??Id. th?
government could command a, high
degree of efficiency, but ?till leave the
roa??? and their pronta to their own
ers. He aded that tb? government
tou?. if deemed advisable, control
or regniate railroad flnanees.
Tb? war. Kruttschnitt testified.
?saved off bankruptcy for many
read?. Increased trame due to tbe
war enabled tbe road? to meet higher
wage demands and higher equipment
cost? than they had ever faced.
senators Pomerene and Cummins
aaked questions to bring out tbe effect
?f valuing the roads on a stock basis.
Senator Cummin? figured that by
? veraging the stock value of the
roads for tbe last three yeara th? gov
ernment would have to guarantee th?
Campanie? 175O.000.OCO annually. Under
th? President? plan ot guaranteeing
? three-year average earning, annual
ly, tb? roads will get st lea?t ?60.0??,
e? each year. Kruttschnitt objected
vigorously to tba suggestion that
?lock value? might be used a? a basis
for compensation. H? declarad th?
?lock value? have no relation what
ever to the real valuation of tb? raa
100 Persons Lose Lives
la Steamship Colusi?n
Shanghai. Jan. I-Tb? China Mer
ci??-?' Navigation Company a ateam
_M? Poochi wa? sunk in colHaton
an Saturday with th? same com
pany? ?bip. Hain-??lang, on the lower
Yaagtac Klang. It la tiUmttad that
law Hvcs were lost, includine th?
captain, chief officer and s?i un?* en
gineer Th? Poochi realstered 1,??
?m_ era??. ., ?
Shown m Figures
Total collection? at the three re
vival meetings last Sunday?tha
openln? day of the Billy Sunday
campala ??aggregated tl.S51.8u.
They were divided aa follow?:
Marnine .I 7-0.1?
Afternoon . -H?*
evening . iUZt
There wa? collected at the tab
ernacle dedicatory ?ervlce. on the
evenni*- of December 31, a total ot
1386.?. Thl? brine? the total col
lection?? exclusive ot ycaterday*?
meetings, to 0.937.71.
FOE IN WEST;
Local Reverses Suffered by
Teutons in France as Guns
Boom in South.
I-ondon. Jan. S.? The German? today
suffered two local reverse?, one in tb.
Cambrai and one in the Verd?n tvector
of the We?tern front.
The German, aaaault in the Verd?n
region centered about Bethin-Court.
on the left bank of the Meuse. The
French war office report aaaerta that
"the French Are broke up the effort.
Inflicting losses on the enemy." Wtatt
of Rourenllle? Petain'a troops mad?
successful incursion Into the Ger
man Une? and returned without kisses.
Elsewhere the artillery of both sld?e
showed activity, but there were no
Infantry action? worthy of note.
On Sunday, according to th. Parla
bulletin. French pilots brought Sown
six German airplanes. Saturday
night French squadrons carried out
raid? on th? enemy'? airdrome? and
factories at Ludwigehafen. Rorabach.
Metieres. Fiibourg-en-Brt*gau and
Neubrelsach, Inflicting considerable
damage, and returning to their line?
Heavy artillery engagements along
the whole northern Italian front are
reported In the official communiques
The flrtng in some place? ha? reached
a pitch of intensity rarely observed
except before infantry operation?, and
It la not unlikely that the Italian? and
their French allies are prepariti?; for
a new counter stroke.
The Berlin statement emphasises
the violence of the bombardment
of the Austro-German position? on
Mont. Asolone and north of Vidor,
on th? upper Piave, while Borne
mention* intense actions la th?
?astern tector of the Allago plateau
?nd In th? region of Monte Tomb?
and Monfehera. wher? Oen. Fay
olle's French troops won their bril
liant success two days aso. Th.
Italian report ?tate?, however, that
?now and bad weather continu? to
hold activity to a minimum.
'.?a. Lite Killed.
Paris announced tonight th? death
of Oen. Lite, commanding the French
artillery on the Italian front. He
waa killed In action, presumably on
the Northern front. .
The activity of British airmen on
the Italian front 1? reflected In an
official announcement today reporting
the bringing down laat week of tea
Austro-German plane?. Tbe British
lost only one machine In aerial en
gagement? with the enemy.
FRENCH HOOVERIZE 'SMOKES.'
Parla. Jan. t.?French tobacco and
cigarette, are now obtainable In Parla
only once each week, and even then
daring the ?pace of but about thirty
minutes. During that half hour tha
tobacconist shop? preaent about the
?am. appearance a? did the coal and
wood yards during the fuel famine laat
winter. It take? from three to a half
dozen policemen for each ?bop to keep
waiting smokers orderly while tbe
weekly ?apply I? being dealt out, and
to pacify those that are ?till In line
when th? "no more tobacco" tlgn la
"BILLY'* IN HIGH SPEED
Evangelist in His Famous > I
"Shouting" Pose. , L??.
Government Provides $1,
500,000 to Build Homes
for War Fleet Workers.
A million and one-half dollars will
be advanced to the Newport N'e?i
Drydock St Shipbuilding Company to
boo?? its laborers.
Th? Senat? Commerce Committee I
wa* told yeeterday by Homer Fergu
son, Pr?sident of the company, that j
the overcrowded condition? of hi* |
workmen's homes had caused delay.
Senator Martin, of Virginia, said
Congres? will provide the money need
Mr. Ferguson said that not morel
than two and one-half tons of raer- '
chant marine would be turned out in |
H18. mete?d of the 5.000.000 to S.O00.
1000 ton? predicted. He ?aid If (0 per
| cent of the wooden ship* were found
satisfactory the country would be
lucky. The good wooden shipbuild
er* an all ?tad, he declared.
In Newport News th? army, said
the witness, has u?ed up the housing
"The people we ?re trying to serve
are r?al]y absorbing our facilities."
said he. "In one house eighteen people
are Irving on one floor.''
Mr. Ferguson ?aid he had been try
ing for four month? to get something
done, and bad asked help of the Navy
Department. War Department and
BhippltuG Board. Agents of the Coun
cil of National Defense are Investi
Ferguson referred to what he ?aid
was "putting a citisen in the rather
ridiculous position ot trying to co
ordinate t?t government,"
Karl H. von Wiegand Says
President Wilson Holds
By KARL H. VON WIEGAND.
New York. Jan. 8 ?"The key to the
temple of world peace He? In the
hands ot President Wilson. The
President of the United States, only
he. can unlock that door to the
"The sooner that is realised by the
powers that be in Gen?any, tb?
sooner that it is realized also by the
entente?the sooner will tortured hu
manity march through that door."
These were the parting word? ' of
Maxlmllllan Harden, the famous Ger
man champion of democracy, to me
when I bade him farewell. He haa
reiterated that statement In the last
number of bis Zukunft.
Hardens political far-sightedness
has been again proven by tbe Presi
dent's sudden and unexpected raes
?age to Congress which comes at
what probably is the nrost criticai
period In the war.
The President's document, so far
the most historic utterance of tb?
war. bad two primary object??the
effect In Russia to resist German de
mands, and the effect within Ganmany
and the other central powers. All
else wa* secondary. "***
The significance lies in the fact that
America and the aille? have become
united In war ?Ima at th? moment
that the remarkable unity In Oer
many and the central powers threat
ens to break up in discord over their
TO SPLIT DIET
Section of Reichstag Believes
in Views Expressed
Opinion differs as to whether th?
President's statements of our war
aim* will weaken or ?trengthen the
w?r party In Germany. Tbe ?ituation
In the Reichstag, which the Presi
dent now admits ss the tree expr?s
?Ion of German opinion, la a? follow?
PiD~t"-?r*tUBeDt rartics ?od teat?
Nat-waal Liberale.?. <?
Cater iCatholicai. ?
Social Uea-ocnte.-. ??
Outritlit ouoation -
Ilidepende't SocUliata. ?
Ratta1*? Part?. I
Other anali (action!. *
Total ?ote?. *?
Th? government majority can al
ways call for and get many vote?
from the unaaalgned column, notably
from th? conservstive?.
It 1? generally predicted that th?
Prealdent'? apo . h. following that of
Lloyd Georg, ?nd the Ruaaian deba
cle, will drive the Soci?! Democrat!
definitely away from tha government.
Thl?. the p?rty of Philip Scheide
mann, ha? already denounced the *n
nexstionlst effort? of the government
??react, af Ja.k.r?.
It I? alao predicted that the de
fections of this party, large and in
fluential though it 1?. can be made
up from th? others.
Moat observer? believe that the tem
porary effect of the President'? word*
?till be to strengthen the L-jdendorrr
Tlrpitx-Crown Princ? faction? *m the
KeichMAvg and that they ?till be ?ble
ta) per?.????? mer? Utas lit of the
member? to favor a contiruattoa of
the war rattan- titan. yteM all' Sat?.
President Wilson demands.
But th?ir majority wilt be alim. The
growth of liberalism In German:, haa
I bean tremendously stimulated, the ne
gotiation of peace term?, after Brett
Lltovak, ia probably definitely out or
the present government hand?, and
the time will soon com?, observer? be
lieve, when the centrists in consider*
able numbers will join the Socialist
This would rnesn that there will be
one more big German drive before real
peace can come.
At laat report? from Berlin the
Reichstag was not in session. The re
cent 'criait." in which the resigna
tion of Ludendorff wa? reported and
in which the chancellor wa? compelled
to explain the Breat-Lltovak incident,
occurred in the main committee of the
Relchateg upon which ?II parties arc
represent?! during a recesa
The last authoritative ?xptetsion of
the Reichstag's will toward? peace wat
the retolution of July 19, in which
Matthias ErU-Berger, the centrist
leader, forced the first enunciation of
the "no annexations and no indem
nitiet" policy. It -waa upon the con
formity to thi? expression that Chan
cellor Von Hertllng was recently ques
The ?awrtlon of Hertllng. claiming
to be the only German chancellor ever
responsible to the Reichstag, has al
ways been open to suspicion here.
IN RAID HERE
Policeman, Just Appointed
to Force, Engineers Ar
rests in Pool Room.
One of Washington? newest police
man, Thomas F. Heide, a member of
the polle? force for five dsys ?nd who
has not yet worn the uniform of the
force, played the leading part In a
raid by the police laat night on the
quarter* of "The Ninth Street Social
Club," 610s Ninth street northwest,
which netted two patrol loads of ?1
leged samester- and caused the ar
rest of Edgar Franklin Hackley, 92?
Eighth street northwest, charged with
gaming on hi? premises. V
Hackley is president of the club,
which hss been raided several times
before, the police declare. He has been
arrested and charged with the same
offenae three times, it is ?aid. All
others taken In the raid were released
by the police and wilt be used aa wit
nesses. Collateral waa set at MOO for
Hackley and he was released.
The cate will be called tomor
row morning. In addition to
Heide. Sergeant Bean. Detectives
Oilfoyle and Simpson and the lieu
tenant In charge ot the First pre
cinct took part In the raid.
Six members of the club, the po
lice ?ay. w?a? caught playing a
gam? of "Black Jack" when they
Heide, whose tether I* a mounted
policeman In the suburban ?ection of
the city, became a member of the
force January 3. He obtained mem
bership in the raided club and, after
gathering ?ufficlent proof that gamb
ling waa permitted, natde preparation
for the raid.
No attempt was made to eacape by
any of those in the pool room.
it German ?Bblliga.
Botton. Mas?.. J?n. 8 ? Clem-na
Haa?. ? prominent German and a
friend of Count von Bernstorff. for
mer German Ambassador to the
United State?, wa? today ordered in
PRESIDENT'S SURPRISE ADDRESS
TO CONGRESS DELINEATES MILD
MEASURES FOR CONCLUDING WAR
The Fourteen Cotidrtions
The President prMfsird the fol
lowing a- aeecaaary tlf nU ef
world peace ?
l?Open r.ifitii? ef peace v-ith
eet private tateraatleaal ander
\(Melale freed o at af the ?eaa la
aeaee ar wir except aa they
ma? be cleeed by lat-e-raatleaal
ci\ ai af all eco non* le bar
rier? aad eat aalUB Meat af
equality ef trade condition?
? aaoBc aattaaa .?? tenting ??
arare aad aaaoi .?tin*, ikra
-rl*.??? far l(? BBntateaaaec.
*? ??uaranfeea far ihr rr?iw< ???? ut
rat point eaaalateat ?-lib do
1? Impartial ?.|?.(???? el all
? o remiel claim? baaed apea the
prlaelple that tbr praplra coe
?erned hire equal w rieht with
the latereat of the go?, eraa-eat.
?8? Kiaraatiea af all ateaala ? terri
tory -aad opportunity fer llu
?I?'* pelltleal aavelapaaeat.
7?Ktaraatloa ef Brlftlim wlth
oat nny atteaipt fa lln.lt her
8---??? Preach ferri tory fe he freed
aad rratercd. aad rcparatlaa far
the tablas af Alaacc-Larralae.
a? Krad ju-1 me a ? of I tal?'? f ree
ller? alone ?-Icari*, ree?*?; alna ble
llaea af nationality.
la? Freeat opportunity far ??)????
? ou developa_eat af the pee
plea af Aaatria-Hnagary.
11?K.acantloa af Ramini?. Serbia
aad IteBtcaefvrro, with a ceca? to
the aea far Serbia, aad later
natftaaal gaaraatee? af eeeaeaate
aad politicai lD?irpearica--c aad
irrrltortal lategrlty af tba ?al
ba ? starr?
12??riur? io?.frrii?i? far Tarkey*?
portion af the tMteaaaa Kaaplrc.
hat with ether jaatloBjIttle? ?a
der f urkUa rale a .?.arra ac
cori! y af life aad apport aalt y
for aataaoeaoaa de* clepa-rat.
with the Dardo ari tr? perma
siceli.* apeaed ta all aatleaa.
1.*? ft-atabllahaieat of a a I adrara
dcat Poll?? state. lacladlas
terrltorlea tahahlted by Indie
nti tabi j Poliah population?, with
free acce?? ta the sea aad pa
lificai aad economic Indepen
dence aad tcrrltarial integrity
Kuarantred by lateraatloaal
14?t.encrai a??eriatlea of aatlaaa
aader ?pecllc ??.minti for naa
taal saaraatrr? of political la
deaeadearc end tcrrltarial In
tegrity te iurte aad Baiali State?
With But Hour's Notice of Executive's
Visit. Members Hurry to Hear
Speech Stating Peace Terms.
RUSSIAN PRINCIPLliS j\DOPTED
Nation's Chief Indorse? Lloyd George'? Dekla
ration* and Widens Avenue to Treaty of
Amity Between Belligerents.
President Wilson announced yesterday to all the world those thing*
for which America fight?, and the conditions upon which the will dat
Appearing with scarcely an hour's notice before the two house?
of Congress, he read a message outlining in concrete details the princi
ples for which the United States entered the war, and the guarantee?
which roust be given before she lays down her arms.
Fourteen numbered paragraphs in the body of his epochal addrett
set forth his terms.
Fixe? War* Duration
Upon their acceptance or rejec
tion by the central powers hangs
the question as to how long the
war will last. .America. Prisaient
Wilson gave warning, watt fight to
? the very end that the aims he out
? tines at? wvn. ?
Indorsing the ?oy?" Ceorg?*|
speech of last week before labor '
1 unionists. President Wilson went
much further than the British
premier to meet the demands of
' the liberals in all countries.
In twenty-two minutes of the
most dramatic .-peajting heard
; since he appeared before Con- !
gress to declare war. the President
I seized again the guiding reins of
. allied diplomacy in the war.
?Barrir? Milk Ra.aia.
Piacine America sqtisrelv behind
? Ituf-sia, Pretident Wilton- gave
I notice to all nation* that the fu
? ture peace of the vv..ild must rest
u pon f u u nd a ? ions n e ve- r b? f o r?
marked out in diploma-.' Not*
v-nl>. 1?? declared, ?rust theie *?#
justice and fair *?* ti in*; in th?
world* with the rights of all na
tion.?-, lar*:? and fctnii!. t??- fet-p?..
?d. but th? pit llena li ?? tu of pub?
li? ity shall j4ev tonate. i-U> -ipo?
?U ?a^rtattnaataav and understand.af?
ia th? -nte-rco-irse of toverni?*i?nU
*?.r.muned m ?il cire? ?.??* ?M
(.om all part? of th? Hty. routed
nul of committa* meeting? and
??-??-?? jr-??aff*r*.tcea. m?ml>?r?t of tb?
two doniti csthet??j in (N -leSt
-.hsmbtr 01 th*? Ho ?* Th? new?
that Th? President v?a? to peak
broujelit a lai.?.'?" und cun*?:antl> in
treas ? ? ? crowd to lh?; *-:a'la: ?es.
Mr Onl Sprinc-RK*. the Brit
ish Ambassador, was tit? In-? eye?
<upant of th?? ?rt-plom?-j?-. gallei1
M**mbtn of tbe Serbian mission.
yuddenly intt. ? upi-*-d in their pi ?-p
arauons to address the A-use,
1 ins.-red to hear the ep-secb.
When ihrousb a portal to aat
5i??? of the speaker * toiuuir a
doorkeeper shouted "The Pr*?>dent
of the t nit?*d State*. a husb of
? spfitinry descended upon the aa?*
Bai Ome mhrr Ksea.
Quick h the ?lim. well-vr<x>med form
or tbe Pi^&fc?ent came tniouch tb?
lank*- of tbe ?laid Senators and Rep
noNTIM EI> ON PAGE SIX
Hun Military Heads Must Go Before
Peace Is Possible, Say U. S. Officials
Two step? mu? be taken by the
German people before peace negotia
tions can be itarted.
Through a responsible majority tn
tiie Reich.-tag they must affirmatively
declare for the principles set forth
in the latest statement of American
and allied war aims, enounced yes
terday by President Wilson.
They must retire from public life
men like Luden dor IT, brains of the
military party in Germany, who has
directed th? statesmanship of the
Teutonic empire towards the heights
of cqpquest and world dominion.
Speaks for Alile?.
This represent.?? as neatly as possible
the opinion tn Washington?ani,ng of
ficials, members of Congress and
metnbeis of the Diplomatic Corps?
following: the leading by President
Wilson before Congres? yesterday of
what is regarded as the most Import
ant and sweeping statement of war
nims enunciated bv any .statesman
Eince the world conflict b?gaji.
The forces of public opinion in
Germany upon which President
Wilson relies to bring about a re
sponsive and responsible govern
ment and to overthrow the military
$5 FOR ??VttT
Fiscal Revival for War Rushed by
Mail Man in Auto.
"I'll give you 13 for 111": Come up
here ?nd get It. men' You haven't
gone to Europe. You csn't go to Eu
rope! Do something else! Lend the
government your money. Buy ? War
Savings Stamp and you'll get $5 for
This invitation greeted thousand?
yeeterday afternoon ?t Fifteenth and
G streets northwest.
Ernes 1? Grcer. a msil carrier, did
most of the talking.
Herbert A. Clark and Greer yester
day Inaugurated the postoBlice cam
paign for the ?ale of stamps, using
a department automobile that will
tour the downtown district dall'*.
Despite the cold, scores stopped
?*-.d bought stamps. Th? auto will
be at the same corner tomorrow aft
Stamps sold through th? City Post
office in December totalled M.7?*l.?.
Thi? does not include late sal?? by
substation* and other ?gents.
Aid of. the Bricklayer?' Union will
m? asked by Charles W. Darr at a
i-aste now running affairs are al
I ready at work. It was to grive itu
? pctus to them as much as anything
| else, officials believe, that led the
| President to go before Congre.
He took the action, it became defl
t ritt-]>? known, on the ad.ice of
? Col E. M. House, recently repre
| sent in? the United States at the
? interallied war conference at Paris
and I-ondon. Col. House arrived here
secretly Saturday niRht. and at
| once went to the White House.
? where he went Into conference
! with the Preaident. Officials ?.lose
? to the administration declared last
! night that almost immediately the
| President began draft lag the mes
' sage which he read before Con
ci ess. It was completed late lion
|day nipht at which time the Presi
? dent cent for Cornelius Ford, the
Public Printer, to whom he la
trusted the manuscript of the mes
sage with implict insti uctione not
to permit any information to leak
out concerning its contents or the
fact that it had been prepared. ?
special force of trusted printers at
the Government Printing Office
meeting of the union loi.i_,ht at S
o'clock at ?t.; G street northwest.
Fraternal orders have pledged sup
port to the campaign, said ?Chairman
Hathaway. of th? fraternal commit
8 Pro-Germans Dropped
From Payrolls of U. S.
Ancon, Canal Zone. Jan. S.? ? ig ht
G ? lied States ci t igen s, employed by
the Panama Canal, have been dis
charge?! for profession of pro-Ger
man sympathies. All are of German
or Austrian descent, six were ?bo
abroad and two were natives of the
United States, one from Kentucky
and the other from Ohio.
MINISTER TO SAIL JAN. 15.
Amsterdam. Jan. f.?Augustus
Phillips, appointed Minister of the
Netherlands at Washington In suc
cession to Chevalier v?n Rappard.
will leave for the United Stat-s on
U. S. NEWS PRINT URGED.
Government control ?f rie??-? print
paper was ?iif.-u?aed yesterday in th?
Senate ? bill allowing pooling or
the Industry under gi?dan.-c of th?
Federal Trade Coat?nlssion . ws? up.
The bill ?aa inUad4io?d last aeaaken
by Senator Smith. _< Arizon?.
Further, to safeguard the event
from an;, advance leaks, the PrttsU:
dent did not ?dviae the Vice Preti-'
?dent, or Speaker Clark until 11.*?
?o'clock of his intention to sddrest t*t?s
two lioua?s in joint session ?t l-.-C.
?In the meantime, he and Mr?. tfiUoa
I had pia: cd golf ?Il morning in th?
melting ?now .nd ?lush.
Never ha? any event in recent hi??
tory developed with t-uch dramatie
force ?nd suddenness. At to th.
precise reasons precipitating it. or aa
to the precise information IB po?
aesslon of either the President or Cet
Houae that brought it about official?
j tn position to know refuaed to com
ment. It 1? regarded a? doubtful
I whether c-vei; Secretary of State Lava?
1 sing bed been given advance inform?-?
tion as to ?hat was coming But
the impreasion left on Congre?, lase
night ia that ?omething haa develop
ed in the undercurrent of exeneng?*?
and gossip that attend sll war? t.
convince the President that the Oer
man people are at the point of thro. -
ing aside the leadership of the war
lords and taking the matter of pese?
advancea into their own hand?
POINTS OF W?LSOH
i SHOWN BY APPLAUSE
Congress Emphasizes Approval of
Peace Message in Demonstrations.
The applause of Sejatoi ? ?nd l.et?
reacnlativea. rising ?nd falling ??
President Wilson detailed the '
teen terms of pesce, empha?iren Sere
hap? even more th?n the .riflccut-i of
the President'* voice, the rtr-ngi. ef
feeling behind the several term..
"Open covenants of peace." brvttta-h'
long and vigorou? handclapping.
?'Freedom of the ae-ajf ?revoked
"Removal or economie barrier?."
nfet. comparatively, a chilly i?t?-ep?ie*n.
"Reduct.on ?vf aimantent?,'? ?et th.,
?aiherti-g cheerio*- trldly.
"Evacuation of Russian territor-.'?
"Re*tor?tion of Belgium.*? ?till
??Kuntoe Lorraine ? ? ? right?*. '
brought the crescendo lo It? height,
with nearly every member on tit.
floor rltans to hi? feel and cheer.-ia
"Rumania, ?erbia ?nd alo.tenear.
evacuata-??.' alight I- more.
"Turkish ? ? ? Dardanelkat.'? - t-tiM
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