Newspaper Page Text
NO. 4155. WEATHER-FAIR; WARMER. WASHINGTON, D. C., v TUESDAY, MARCH 12, 1918. ' ONE CENT* SL5255RSSU.
I?EEP in mind?The HERALD ^ i. ONE CENT DAILY and TWO CENTS SUNDAY. Rep. Linthicum Says Fast Trains Would Help ^ Solve Problem. RENT BILL AMENDED Johnson Measure Will Be Considered in House Again Today. Baltimore may come to the aid of Washington and help the Cap ital City house her war popula tion Representative J. Charles Lin thicum, of Maryland, during dis cussion on Chairman Johnson's anti-rent profiteering bill in the House yesterday, presented strong argument to prove that the estab lishment of a fast train service between the two cities would solve the rent problem, and in-? ^ cidentally save the government from fifty to one hundred millions oi dollars. All-Jay Debate. Members of the Lower House de moted all of yesterday's session which was District Day to debate on the bill and before adjournment time had shorne it of several minor objectionable features. Chairman Johnson stated last night that his bill would be taken up immediaately after morning business today and that he hoped to win a favoftUile vote upon It be ? ore the day was over. * 1 k.,^rosr*ss ?* Consideration on the i>?II was slow and it encountered tough aledding'' throughout the day. Representative Linthicum's novel Han. one of three feasible ones ad ??aneed by members, aroused con siderable interest It is unlikely I h?W.lV"-. " wi,! be accepted j on the liberal scale which he sug gests. I suggest In all seriousness," Representative Linthicum continued, that the best method of solving the rent problem in Washington Is 110 arrange that the employes of the r.oyrnment may And homes in lUillimore. This can be accomplish ed by having a train or trates nro vided by the director of railways i! Ilm *' the Proper time from Washington to Baltimore, and from Baltimore to Washington, so that1 the employes misht be brought to their work in the morning in time and returned to their homes in the evening at the proepr time. Baltinorr Ha* Rooms. "By doing this they .an go from Kaltimom to Washington by the train service just as quickly as they can come from the outlying sections of ?ishington by thj trolley service. It will relieve the congestion In Wash ington. wil distribute the employes in another city and the rent problem will solve Itself by lessening the de mand for rooms and houses. ? The living expense in Baltimore is at least from 10 to 13 per cent cheaper than It is In Washington, and lots of homes and rooms are equally that mut-h lower. ? fare on the railroads will be Per month, including the war tax. and oa the electric railroad. O* 38 per month. Including the war tax. "We have a great many homes Where they would take in government employes as members of the family. prox iding them good accommodations ..and all the comforts of home. Our hotels are not as Expensive, but are just as luxurious and good as any city in the 1 mon. In fact we have just opened a new hotel which Is sec o~1 to but few in the land. "I offer this proposition In all seri ousness as a certain method of reduc ins prices and profiteering in this city. I offer it as the answer to the high ? ?ost of living in Washington. I chal lenge any city in the country to pro duce cheaper market'facilities and bet ter housing facilities than the Monu mental City. Beaegt Government. This would not only be a great benefit to our metropolis, but it would be a great benefit to the government at large and to the city of Washing ton; in fact, it would save the ex pence of building homes, which must necessartjv come unless some method such as this is accepted. "I make this suggestion because I do not think there Is any doubt but that it can be adopted by the govern ment and save from HO.OOO.OOO to OW.WO.OOO. I believe the people of Bal timore will be well satisfied and that the government employes will Itve bet ter than they could anywhere else. "I do hope that this suggestion win not fall upon idle ears, but that It may bear fruit and many more gov ernment employes find a comfortable 4cheap and convenient home In our great metropolis." Several of the members told per sonal stories of how either themselves or constituents had lieen gouged in the renting of property here, while a cou ple of others declared they had as yet not noticed any cases of the so-called extortion. Representative Tinkham. of Massa chusetts. who led the opposition to the Johnson measure, pressed Chairman Johnson to tell him what percentage ?f re.a' *siatc brokers and owners were indulging in the profiteering prac tice. This he was unable to do and it was evident that a good portion of tne memoers were unconvinced of the necessity of such a drastic bill, but rather favored the Tinkham measure. which would result in the appointment of a rent administrator Admires Johaaoa's Courage. Representative Heed, of West Vir ginia. complimented Chairman John son on his courage In framing the bill which he declared was necei! sary to curb 'the continuance of the ?lying of this nefarious business ?t robbing soldiers who ar, T fenders of our flag and our ooun t*y." The statement was made that ""comer. were met at the Union Station by the profiteering pack and hounded until they had -picked their OOMTlMflBO OM FAUg ITOfc Wilson Sends Soviets Message of Sympathy In Freedom Struggle 1 ? ? ? Says United States Not in Position to Give Direct Aid, But Heart of America with Rus sia in Attempt to Shake Off Autocracy. President Wilson pledged last night the aid of the United States in restoring to Russia complete sovereignty and independence. Warning the Russian people against the plans of the German au tocracy to ride over all the liberties won by the revolution, he cabled a message to the Congress of Soviets, which assembles tomorrow at Moscow. The President's message follows: President's Meoaage. 4 "May I Mt take advaitace af | the Meet I as af tie CoBuresa of the Soviets ta express tke ala- y eare afapatky whlefc the pea pie af the Usited States feel far the Russia? people at this mo ment when the German paner haa bean thrust In to Interrupt wd turn haek the whale strus da far freedem and auhstltute the wlahea af Genuuuy for the purpose of the people of Rns- j sla. Although the goverumeat af the Halted Statea la uahap plly nat now In a pooltlon to j render the direct and effective aid It wool* wish to gender, 1 he* ta assure the people af Rus sia thronjch the Congress that It ^ will uvull Itself of every op portunity to secure for Russia ouee more complete sorer- 1 elgnty end Independence In her own affairs and full restorntlon to her crest role In the life of Kurope nsd the modern world. The whole henrt of the people of the United Statea Is with the people of Russis In the sttempt to free theauelves forever from | sutaeratle government and be- I ?-moe the masters of their own f life. ? signed) -UOODROW WILSON.** Refuse or Accept Peace. ' The primary object of the Moscow assemblage ia to determine whether, the Soviets, representing: the revolu ! tic nary committees set up throughout ' Russia, are to approve or repudiate j the German-imposed peace. The outcome of the President's mes I sage will be awaited In Washington with tense Interest. Even should It I fail to effect an outright rejection of the German peace, the government at, Washington has strong hopes that be- | fore long the Russian masses, awak I ened at last to the danger threatened by the German conquerors, will cast , aside the compact In the meantime It is anticipated 1 that the President. In exchanges with , the entente allies, will imsiit men* ' ftrtmgljr than *re* on the necessity ? j of winning the Slav nation away from I the Prussians and blocking Berlin'* , I dream of an eastern empire. How directly the move will bear on f the Japanese-Siberian situation is a matter of interested speculation. That It should follow the guarded and in- j formal efforts of Washington to re- ! strain the Japanese in their proposal i to intervene in Siberia is regarded as ! significant of the purpose of the United ! States to insist upon a policy that will permit Russia the fullest opportunity to work out her salvation. Admittedly the step is a desperate one. It is readily conceded among j those who advise with the adminlstra- j tion that the task of arousing the Riis- j sian masses in time to the real men ace of the German government Is a ; herculean one. At the same time it ! is felt here that the necessity of the case demands that no efforts be spared. Must Meet Owu Peril. % The President is said to feel that the Russians themselves must be re- | lied on to meet the peril. As the j j views of this country were expressed j informally In the exchanges with 1 Japan and the European entente, the j United States believes that unasked 1 for Intervention by any of them would serve to drive the Russians further I away. On the other hand, the State De partment, from advices received with- j in the last forty-eight hours, has ? strong grounds for its belief that I the German invaders, by the very * ruthleasnesa of their advance Into ! Russia, are encompassing their ulti ; mate ruin. Not only Is Russia begin ning to see the terrible import of the German-made peace, but all Scandinavia is now aroused. Where the advancing Germans have sought to plant terrorism, dispatches indi cate, a harvest of hatred and oppo I sition will be reaped. TOO BUSY FOR DRAFT, HAS GONE TO LOCK-UP . Pennsylvania Man Arrested for Failure to Report. New York, March 11.?Herbert Lo rentsen, who comes from Armstrong County, Pa., was arrested yesterday at the Municipal Lodging House on the charge of falling to appear be fore hia local board for examina tion for the draft army. ? "Why didn't you report for exam ination?" asked Policeman Halpem. "1 didn't have time; I was too I busy," said the man. He waa locked on the charge of violating the selective draft law. Charles Diedrich, 68 years old, whose home is af the Municipal ' Lodging House, was arrested yester | day for failing to register as an | alien enemy. He said he had been in this country forty-three years ' and that he did not know anything j about the necessity for registering. British Wipe Oat Enemy Garrison in Macedonia London, March 11.?A British official communication dealing with the opera tions in Macedonia says: "Near Nechori, at the mouth of the .Struma, our Infantry rushed a hostile post Friday and killed the entire gar I rieon." Dr. William Lee Howard Dead. Baltimore, March 1L?Dr. William, Lee Howard, who 'WM sent to reacue the Jeannette exploring party near the North Pole, died here today. He flrst introduced hypnotism as a treatment icc own >? America. ' 1 . Soviet Assembly Pulse of Masses The soviet Is at once the pulse ! and the heart of the Russian masses. The All-Russian As sembly of Soviets which meets at Moscow today to ratify or re ject the peace treaty with the I central powers may be best likened to the Electoral College which does the final choosing of the American President. The whole of Russia Is divided Into soviets. There Is a soviet In every city, town and province. The All-Russian Assembly of Soviets Is the reflector of the votes tfast by the millions of so viet members throughout Rus sia. In It the Petrograd and Moscow soviets have a powerful voice because of their numerical strength. Virtually every party is represented in the soviets. The Bolshevik! dominate, with the Socialist-Revolutionaries a strong rival. 'ORGANIZER OF VICTORY; PARIS HAILS BAKER Cheered by Vast Throngs, War Secretary Wins Prompt Popularity. Pafts, March U.-Cheered by vast ihrongsand hailed by the French press a8 the "Organiser of Victory," N'ewton C. Baker. Secretary of War! 3f the United States, arrived In Paris j today. He was met by the "Executor of: Victory." General Pershing. His first visits were to president poincare and Premier Clemenceau, the American ommander In chief introducing him. After a brief stay in the capital the i Secretary will proceed to the front. He will make a thorough inspection of the American sectors and train ing camps, but will also see every other vital segment of the Western j battle line. Will See Armageddon. The big guns of both sides are tun- | ing up to drumfire. The weather is j clearing. From the North Sea to th? Swiss border there is a hustle and bustle foreshadowing big things. Un- : less all signs fail, Mr. Baker has j arrived just in time to witness the ! opening of Armageddon. As he stepped from the special train that brought him and his staft here from the French port where an American cruiser landed Jhem yes- \ terday. Secretary Baker was at onc? attacked by an army of French news- J papermen. His jovial smile, however, i finally broke the barrage of rapidfirts 1 questions hurled at him and his cap- ; tors dispersed good humoredly when he announced he might have some- j thing to say later on but "nothing now." They understood and appreciated the finesse of etiquette which prompt- ; ed him to defer all public utterances until he had called upon the Presi- | ident and Prime Minister of th? j country he is visiting. At the station he was met by Gens. ! Pershing, Bliss and Squler, . Admiral j Wilson, representing the American | embassy, as well as persona] emis- i saries of President Poincare and the foreign office. Admiral Moreau and ! the mayor and councillors of the mu- j nicipality were members of the ? French reception committee at the j port of landing yesterday. Mr. Baker was visibly impressed by the warmth of the welcome extended him. Salute "Victory Organiser.** There was a little Incident at the j station. Stepping toward the waitlnc * automobile, the Secretary accidently jostled a French laborer. The two looked at each other for a moment, half surprised, half curious. Then the Frenchman, after the European fash ion, tipped his hat, with a slight bow. Mr. Baker with winning courtesy did likewise. There was something inspirlngly democratic about . the whole scene, brief as it was, and a look at the crowd showed that the' American Cabinet member had made a decided hit Epitomizing the sympathy of the press. Excelsior says: "Baker comes to see with his own eyes the employ ment of |he vast military effort of which he is the principal worker. "At the moment he touched the soil of France we saluted this organizer of victory.*' Increases Are Lacking, Lighthouse Men Leave Lighthouse keepers, without a raise in pay for years, are deserting the servi^ and leaving the coast of the United -States inadequately guarded, according to testimony before the House Interstate Commerce Commit tee. f Heads of the various grand divisions of the country informed the commit tee that the men who did stay on were doing so at great personal sacrifice. So far no station has been left wholly unmanned. 'A bill increasing pay is ?spec tad in * few days ^ COAL BROKERS WILL OPERATE UNDER LICENSE / V I ____________ Garfield Opposes Govern ment Operation of Mines. Some Lose Money. RULE AIDS INDUSTRY Safeguards Thousands Who Earn Living by Selling to Consumers. Coal broker# will bo put under license, according to an announce ment made late yesterday by Dr. Harry A. Garfield, the Federal Fuel Administrator. Thie action follows protests that have come from many sections of the country, particularly New England, since It was ordered by the Fuel Ad ministration that brokers would have to look to the coal operators for their commissions. Aim oat Forced Oat. It means that thousands of men who have been making t^eir living off the handling of coal from producer to consumer will not lose their mil lions of dollars heretofore collected by them in commissions. Before the government announced the order, practically shut#ng down on the bcokers, the operators received about 12.20 for their coal at the mines. The brokers added their margin and col-1 lected from the retailers or from the ! consumers where delivered direct. The government a month ago issued a rule that brokers must look to the operator, fixing a price at the mines that took care of the broker's margin of approximately 15 cents a ton and ; also an advance for increased wages. By this order, the protesting brokers maintained, the operators were given the power to eliminate the broker entirely and take the. margin themselves, or to demand that the broker accept a smaller commission. J. J. Starrow. the New England fuel administrator, will come here today to take up this j phase of the coal distribution with ! Dr. Garfield. It is expected that a j formal notice to all the coal men | will be issued within the next few | days, announcing that they will be j permitted to operate under license. Against (J. S. Ownership. Dr. Garfield put himself on record yesterday as against government ownership of the mines. He de clared that in some sections of the | country the mines were not being I operated in an economic manner, I that it is costing them more to pro- | (luce the coal than the miners rt?' reive. He attributed It to bad man agement. When asked/if the gov ernment could produce coal there more cheaply or whether govern ment ownership would be a good thing he replied: "In cases where the coal mines are operating efficiently, the gov ernment could control, own and operate them at an advantage: but i where the coal mines are operating at a loss, government ownership would not give the incentive to make them successful." Dr. Garfield paid that in some parts of the country the mines would have to operate more eco nomically or "close down, as some of them already have done. BLUEJACKETS TO BEAR MEYER TO THE GRAVE Funeral of Former Secretary of the Navy Today. Boston, .March 1J.^funeral services for George von I-. Meyer, former Sec retary of the Navy, whose death oc curred Saturday night, will be held at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul. 1r. this city, tomorrow afternoon. Bish op William Lawrence, of the Episco pal diocese of Massachusetts, will of ficiate. In recognition of Mr. Meyer's service to the navy a detachment of bluejackets will serve as active pall bearers. Among the honorary pallbearers will be Senator Henry Cabot Lodge. Rear Admiral Leigh Palmer. Presi dent A. Lawrence Lowell, of Harvard University; Francis L. Higginson and Philip Dexter. The burial will be at Hamilton. The services at the grave will be private. SAFE CONDUCT FOR LUXBURG. Buenos Aires. March 11.?The Brit ish government has granted a safe conduct to Holland for Count von Luxburg, the former German ambas sador to Argentina, but has refused to allow his German physician to ac company him. The date of" his sail ing has not been fixed. BELGIANS GAIN | ADVANTAGE IN LOCAL FIGHTS Legation Here Issues State-' ment Showing Offensive on Dixmude Front. CAPTURE HUN *DUGOUT Shoot Down Enemy Flee ing from Shelter; Check Foe's Advances. Belgians have taken the offensive against the Germans along the Dix mude front in numerous local affrays, and have gained considerable ad vantages. a statement from the Belgian Legation claimed last night. One summons by the Germans to Flemish troops to come over and j Join them was followed by a raid. which cleared out a Teuton trench in I vigorousl fashion. The statement in full follows: "The Belgian Legation has today j received a cable describing continued j activity on the Belgian front, fol-. lowing the brilliant action of the' Belgian cavalry last week when they crossed the flooded country on their front, routed the enemy and captured i I2G German soldiers. Ave officers and | twelve machine guns. ( "The cable states that on the night of March 7 the enemy made a dash against the farm known as Grand pore. near Kippe. on the road from Dixmude to Steenstraat. The Belgi | ans were momentarily driven from their trenches, but Immediately made a counter-attack and recovered their trenches, which were filled with Ger man dead. Three Germans were taken prisoners. "A shelter containing a German of ficer and about thirty men and which was protected by three feet of c-oncrete sand, also by some thirty yards of flooded district, was furi ously attacked by the Belgians who lost five killed, and seventeen wound ed. without succeeding in taking the shelter. On the following day. March 8, however, this shelter was bom barded by the Belgian 230-caliber mortars with such accuracy that the Germans were compelled to attempt to escape. Most of them were shot down as they attempted to flee. Dur ing the night the Belgians renewed their attack and re-occupied the shelter where they found only a gar rison of corpses. "At another point on the Belgian front near Nleuport, March ' 8. the Germans, continuing their vain ef forts to separate the Flemish from the. Walloon population, put op a larq* proclamation inviting the Flem ish #oldIers ' the Belgian arrqy to con* brer ant! surrender. The in vitation was promptly accepted, but not in the way expected by the Ger mans for that same night the Belgi ans made three simultaneous raids on the German trenches. In one trench which was strongly held, to the west of Nleuvendaoi. near the Paschen daele Canal, the Belgians took twenty two prisoners and left behind them thirty dead Germans. Inrthls raid the Belgians had only a few of their , own men wounded and none killed. Tho German trench west of the Union Bridge acros^^the Tser was taken and cleaned up from top to ? bottom. Finally, the third trench, j west of Lombartzyde. was taken i without striking a single blow. All ' the occupants of the trench had been [ killed except three who promptly sur rendered and were brought back Into ! the Belgian lines." GUNMEN NOW AT BAY FIGHT SHERIFF'S BAND Three Slayers Trailed by Blood- j hounds to Natural Fort. Huntington. W Va.. March 11.? Protected in a natural fort in a re j mote section of Lincoln County, three men who stepped from a train at Farrellsburg. n^r here, and shot and killed Enos Adkins and Earl Comb | lin. are battling for their lives with a posse under command of Sheriff j Keenan Toney. Causes leading up to the shooting ! aro unknown here. j Bloodhounds trailed the men into the mountains, and the posse fol [ lowed until it was stopped by a round of shots from the mountainside. 57 RESTAURANTS TO CLOSE. New York, March 11.?Fifty-seven restaurants will close at midnight to night for twenty-four hours. The pro prietors are reported to have violated the Food Administration regulations by selling beef and pork products last Tuesday. The local food board rec ommended to the Food Administration that drastto action be taken. Food Ad ministrator Hoover today issued the one-day closing order. Appointment of Simms ? Is U. S. Militia Precedent New Head of District of Columbia Guards Named by President Without Confirma tion by the Senate. A peculiar situation has arisen in connection with the appointment by the President of R. D. Simms to be briga dier general of militia for the District without confirmation of such appoint ment by the Senate. Members of the higher branch of Congress hint that it would be establishing a" dangerous precedent and that it is without an/ | proper legal authority. j The claim is made that the appoint | ment of Gen. Simms was under the operation of laws governing the execu tives of various States in the appoint | ment of adjutants general, and in i the absence of a governor for the Dis trict the President is entitled to exet cise this function. Craal Procedure. Those in a position to know declare that the usual procedure is for the proper bureau in the War Department to select a man qualified for advance ment, and then?recommend his fp poin taunt to tbt Secretary of .War. / who in turn, if the name is accept able, makes such recommendation to the President. If the Secretary's recommendation meets with executive approval, the candidate's name is sent forthwith to the Senate for confirmation. There upon the nomination is referred to the Military Affairs Committee, where a searching: investigation is made, and ita findings for or against the applicant for commission is re ported to the whole Senate, which votes either to confirm or reject, as the case may be. It now develops that the National Guard here has been absorbed by the Federal service, and has no actual or prospective existence. On the con trary It fa claimed that the Chamber lain bill now pending in the Senate is of a negative character inasmuch as its provisions relate more to the crea 0?*TINUM> OK PAQ* JKKHk GERMAN BIG GUNS POUND WITH FURY AT POSITIONS HAIG TOOK LAST YEAR; BRITISH CONFIDENT THEY CAN RESIST ALL SENATORS ? VOTE TO CUT GERMAN CHAIN Agree that Teuton Control of American Commerce Must Cease. With one voice sixty-four Senators agreed yesterday afternoon that the chain of commercial activity Germany has drawn across this country must be torn away. The vote was upon the amendment allowing the Alien Property Custodian to sell the vast properties In ^the United States financ ed by German capital. For a time there was a question whether the amendment did not vio late a century-and-a-quarter-old trea ty. There was debate upon this. But in the end the Senate followed the in junctions of men like Martin, of Vir ginia, the Democratic leader, and Un derwood, of Alabama. Hits German Jankers. "It's the German Junker cla&s that has invested this money," cried Un derwood. 'Take it over, and let the junkers know that America has her back to the wall and there will be no end without a victorious settlement." An Interesting amendment was pass ed on motion of Senator Frellnghuy sen. of New Jersey, providing that none of the property should be sold to any one other than the government, un less it was offered at public auction. This, he explained, was to protect the minority stock holders, some of whom were American citizens. Early in the day the Senate passed the amendment authorizing the Presi dent to buy the German steamship line piers at Hoboken. No que^ion was raised on the amendment, and It was sanctioned by a viva voce vote. Senator Knox, of Pennsylvania, a former Secretary of State, was the man who raised the point about the ancient treaty with Germany. He was fully in sympathy with the ob ject of the resolution, but explained that he wished to find out the State Department's interpretation. "Are we violating the treaty, or not?" be inquired. "I simply want liCht." ' 9tatr?pst fr?m Lsavln*. Senator Martin was armed with a memorandum from the State De partment upon the subject. This related to an article In a treaty of 1799. The article provided that in wartime "merchants" should be allowed in each country nine months' time to settle their busi nesses and depart freely. They would be allowed to transport their "effects." In addition, "all women and children, scholars of every faculty, cultivators of the earth, artisans, manufacturers and fisher men" were included fn the benefits, they to be allowed to continue their work unmolested, and if anything was to be taken from them they should be paid for it. While the treaty was made 1n 1799, it was included in another treaty in 1S28. The State Department's memor andum held that the treaty was in force and "it would seem that the practice of nations as a rule recog nize the exemption of private prop erty as a policy which ought to be followed save in exceptional cases." One of .the arguments advanced showing that the treaty did not bind was made by Senator Thomas, who cited the attempt of the German Emperor to hold Ambassador Ger ard practically as a hostage if the American did not promise that Ger man property in the United States would be fully protected. Senator Thomas said this would never have been done If the treaty had been r? fective. CHINESE MISSIONTEES BELGIANS IN BATTLE Generals from East Impressed with Aviation Fields. Announcement that a Chinese mil itary mission is inspecting the Bel gian front was made last night by the Belgian Legation, following re ceipt of the following official dis patch from Havre: "The Chinese military mission has just made a visit to the Belgian front. Among the members of fhe mission were Commandant Hosin. of the general staff, and Gen. Tseng whang. of the general s'aff of the Chinese Republic. "The visitors made a study of the working of the Belgian general staff and its various sections. They af terwards visited two aviation* fields and the serial photographic service, and went through some sectors of the trenches. The mission was much impressed by what they had seen and also examined attentively the serv ices of the rear zone, including the railway service." Mrs. De Saulles Legal Possessor of Little Son New York, March 11.?Mrs. Blanca De Saulles, the Chilean heiress who was acquitted in December of the mur der of her husband, John L*. De Saulles, whom she slew at his country home in Westbury last summer, was today given legal possession of her little son. John L#. De Saulles, by Surrogate Fow ler. It was because her husband de nied her the right to see the boy that she slew him. The child is now with her In California. Indian Chief Enlists. San Francisco, Cal., March 11.? Chief Bert Newman, who. by the In dian laws, is next in line of succes sion as head of the Piatt nation, lc today a full-fledged member of th? Coast Artillery Corps. U. 8. A. Thui has royal blood been inftiaed InU the American army and the eon ?1 a redoubtable fighting family standi jready bat;tla lor *r Wh erever Hindenburg May . Launch Infantry, Tommies Be lieve It Cannot Penetrate. % SAMMIES RAID TOUL TRENCHES THey Fight Brilliantly in the First Large Hand-to-Hand Scrimmage? "Cleaning Up" Well. London. March II.?The whole fury of the German big guns on | the British front was concentrated tonight on a bombardment against the dominating positions which Haig's troops took during last year's fighting. The Paschendaele Ridge sector was subjected to fierce drum ming, Up to late this evening no infantry actions had been recorded, but the storm was expected to break loose any moment. The manner in which the Tommies met the two concerted infantry thrusts launched by the Bavarian crown prince northeast of Ypres two days ago has still further heightened the confidence of all Britishers that no matter how hard Hindenburg will strike he cannot break through. The British executed a successful raid to the south of St. Quentin and repulsed a German sortie northwest of Labassee. Berlin claimed a penetration of the British lines in the Armentieres region by Ger man raiders. The names of twenty-eight Ameri can soldiers killed in action in France were announced by the War Department late yesterday after noon. Other casualties announced were: Died from accident*. 3; died from wounda, 1; died from disease, 5; severely wounded. 1; slightly, j wounded. 7. Three previoualy re- j : p<#ted as missing now reported as >' prisoners. Killed la Acttoa. j Private GEORGE ADKINR Private MIKE AHERN. | Private OSCAR AMMOX. ? Private THOMAS G. BRAGG, f Private PALUCH BR ITT. ! Private JOE D. BRAKEFIELD. i Private ARTHUR CHRIST FT *LLT. j Private FRANK D. POCKRELL Lieut. JOHN H. DAVID. Private WILLIAM DRAIN*. Private PHILIP FIMN. Private EDWIN L. FITCH. Corp. RALPH R. FIjORA. Private JOHN J. HASPEL Private ARTHUR HEGXKT. Private GEORGE E. HOVET. Private EDWARD J. KEARNEY. I Private JAMES B. KENNEDY. j ? Private PETER LAFFEY. Private FRED R. McGILL. Private FRANK A. MEAGHER. | Private WILLIAM A. MOTLAX. Private JAMES E. Ml-LVEHILL. Private WILI.IAM X SAGE, i Private WALTER W. SANDERS. | Private GEORGE S. SANTORD. Private ROBERT SNYDER. Corp. EDWARD V. SULLIVAN Died from Aoridrnt. I Corp. MARSHALL JONES, j Private FREDERICK E. PIEPER. ! j Private JOHN* UHLIANH'K. | Died of Wonnd.. Private HIGH J. HUNT. ?tied of I)IA-n?e. Private CARL S. Bl'RGETT Private JAMES C. Pl-OWKR^ Private JOHN K. HORTON. Private CLARENCE V. L1GAI* Private ALRAM H. PHILHOWER. I Severely Wounded. Private HERMAN D. GENTRY. [ Miuhtly Mounded. Private JOHN K. BENTON. Corp. FREDERICK C. CARTER. Lieut. RALPH M. DAVENPORT. Lieut. STEPHEN C. MARKOE. Private GUST E. OI.SON. Private JOHN OPENDHAW. Corp- CHARLES STARACE. Pfiftoaier*. Private JOHN W. HII.U Private HUGH LEWIS. Private FREDERICK W. GAL LEY. SOCIALISTS FACE ESPIONAGE CHARGE Victor Berger and Others to Offer Bail for Appearance. Chicago. March 11.?The five So cialists, with the possible exception of Victor Berger, who lives in Mil waukee. under indictroent for viola tion of the espionage law, will appear before Judge Kenesaw M. Land is <o day, prepared to offer bonds of $15,000 each for their freedom. J. Louis Engdahl, former editor o? the American Socialist, one of the men indicted, declared the charges are unfounded. He said they are similar to those brought against Adolph Germer last October on ac count of some poetry he wrote. Besides Engdahl, Berper and Ger mer, the others under indictment are William F. Kruse and Irwin St. John Tucker, both of whom are prominent in Socialistic circles. ' British Airmen Raid Hon Airship Nests London. March 11.?British aviators . of the naval air service yesterday . made a raid over Belgium, dropping i bombs on the airdrome and ammuni s tion dump at Engel. the admiralty i announces. Two flres were started. ? In aerial combats three enemy air r planea were destroyed and four others I driven down out of control All t>te British airplanes ntornrt saXal* British Pr*tm> la East. the0tBrtV, *esopot?m'* *"<i Fale*tir,e me British invadin* armies h.v. reruiter^d further i>7oc? \}?\* ?? ?r ?**dad the Turk. have re "rwl twenty-two mile*. lea vine th* ??*? of Hit to the British wi.W I ST?"',** '? <fTen?. tZ~ on the Italian front the Teutn. ji's-jf sss ?? proved upon constant!} irn rJS"? tSL?^ *1-~ the rf.s-H-- = iS^HS I Praapmtve Prto,fri | ^r'Jh" sr'SfVn; front < Ix>rraln.-i in the flrat i ???? r.,d un.ler.aken by ?r ^ s,z,t?ir 'rnAj ,n r?<^ S5r ?, *?????. fro? oJr ' Vo Man i 7 ST* forward scro. I ->o Man ? L?nd." drivin* th* j man advani ori uM * *3er r<l* and "cleaned up * in h.nn har,<l Artitin* they killed na^r' mann and finally returned la<j#n with ?* h*h'r '"'orma.ive ? i&kpn fnp ih**'*h No doners were i ? ,or 'he reason that there ??>, hr^r,% jh?** ?f ,h* r"rm*"* Who had not fled were trapped in the! Si k,,ted ib -~n c.n'Ar^TouTf^^^ The American batteries !.eg*n th.fr ????ive drumfire, *prlnkh"g 71 f^rTh. r^fl:,0n" on * '?"* .1 for the raid Jum after the "stand t . .!?"*'? * h'n thr rn-rny wa. mannln . tion- " h'" front ''?* P?-' -Hell Reira" Effectual. Following the custom observed In vi^w of a heavy bombardment, the en hS .V *Khdre* ?h<* bulk of his advanced garrison to the rear "tk S "" 'OS* Pri*onpr" American gunfire blew lanes pioneer b*rb"'1 ?'"? hed forward blowing th ??sTn entanglements to hits with with C p'p"' l'*m JJ explosives. They were pr.. o?r T? ?"r x h"rr*?* w-hich cut off the enemy, preventing him from ?,T\Z *'!*ckin* <"-rlt,r V Ameri? can incursion. of?vo Icros?^ <he narrow strip ef.. traversed th. torn shattered h8 ,ni.'h' rnrmy "hell fo.mH Tt. ."1v*nr"' positions. IVr found that a certain number of Uer man dugout* had been smashed bv di rect hits and that their trenrhes had oeen in many places shot to pieces bv our barra?*. ??lw*.nTh"' .th' ">?mr hatlerie hiTt ? nL * <,M,u,tor> harassing fire, but failed to Impede the execution of our raid In any way America" ^ i?* ,:Un' k'p' "" ? Indirect trenchl. rm*n communication trenches throuphout preventing rc '" rement" fr?m ?""'?* up Ger Vo V.^CU?'Vrj a ""'"'"It Post in the *"d ?"""Pted to fire at the Americans as the latter were re annihilated their Pwt Their raid lasted thirty min D. S. Wins ^40,000.000 Against Railroads Involving more than MO,100.000 . decison was handed down by th* Cotfrt Of Claims yesterday In faovr of the government as againut the New England railways, but the ralU *?>?? will be enablod to renew their contention in other cases before th* low?r courts. The railway* brought actft>n on the contention that their re sour, *? wtre being taken from them as they werr not under contract tc carry parcel Po*t mall and have not r-eeeirfej jast compensation for this **r?lc*v Ke*t a*4 He Well at l.rwie Park Inn AshevHIe, N. c. Finest resort the world. No lavaM* wo cM