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AMERICAN SHOOTS DOWN TWO HUN AEROS
ONE CENT WASHINGTON, O. C.. RUSH TROOPS TO FRANCE, ESSENCE OF NEW ORDER Men to Be Sent as Fast as Ships Are Ready, Is U. S. Response to Appeal of Our Allies WILSON TO LOOSEN CENSORSHIP The President Favors Less "Vain" Boasting and More Detailed News of Real Happenings Published. Sew orders have gone forth to speed up the sending oi troops to l-'rance. In consequence the national army, made up of men of the . selec tive draft, are to be dispatched to Europe as fast as ships are avail able to transport them. Paving the way, the War Department announced late yesterday afternoon the beginning of a widespread shake-up among the com manding generals of the selective troops. Eight Geaerale Rtlln?4. No general officers are Co be sent ?< ross that are unfit to stand the igors of service at the front As a result eight general oCricers. in cluding five division commanders, were named by MaJ. Gen. Peyton C. March, acting Chief of Staff, as having failed to meet the physical requirements. They are to be re turned to their grades in the regu lar establishment, relieved of their i omm&odi with the national army, and assigned to stations on this side ?t the Atlantic. The orders to speed-up are re ported to have resulted from fresh appeals on the part of the allies fori more American forces to help with- ! stand the shock of the expected | Herman offensives. France partic- ! ularly is said to have renewed her I urging* In this respect. For this no liefinite official confirmation could I be obtained. "The whole movement across." said Gen. March, "is being speeded as rapidly as possible.'* Looking confidently ahead to the j future, the President, it became I known last night. Is likely to In sist shortly on a lifting of the cen sorship lid to an extent that will j permit the American people to get more knowledge of what the United ' States is doing in the war. His disposition, it can be stated, is to nave less of the vain boasting that has been indulged In by ir responsible persons and more of the real facts. He is of the opinion that * sensible modification of the cen sorship in this respect would not be reappointing to the American peo ple. t heerlag *ews All Rousd. Simultaneously with these announce ments cheering news broke out in all sections of the capital concerning the prospects ahead. All former records in preparations are to be smashed. Many forebodings as to the ability of the United States [ to get its forces acroes are being dis I-el led. From Shipping Board quarters and ' from the British embassy came assur- I inces that the transportation situation is rapidly clearing up. Supplies for the army?feed, cloth ing. shells and guns?are beginning to pile up in prodigious amounts. During the next twelve months half a billion dollars is to be spent by the \\ ar Department In the erection of iu5?: storage depots to accommodate i I he rapidly accumulating material. ( Six of these are to be built along the \tlantlc coast. Thirty Interior depots ire to go up west of the AUeghanies. Huge assembling warehouses for aero ?l ines are to be built on the seaboard ? hence planes are to be shipped across o the fighting front. Plants for the manufacture of gas ? hell, flame hurling devices and pow ler are to be built to huge propor ions. The House Naval Affairs Commit ee. having surveyed everything that he American navy has done since he United States entered the war. irought out a report declaring that he floating force of the United States ?vas never In better trim. Peaee t.oeelp Dropped. About all these developments was in atmosphere surcharged with the ?lk of war. Peace gossip was rel ated to the background. In all iiiarters the President's message to he Russian Soviets was accepted as i rallying call It was deecribed on ill aides as the first utterance of an tilled statesman to show that the war Kainst Germany has got to be won n the East as well as the West be on peace can come. The natlona' an ?j|>e selective ? my? 9 for._JMrith all poe ihl' All .'.vwu, records n the Inffl^M'e trri ,ng qr men for *D ON PAGB POLR VET FORCES SCORE NEW YORK VICTORY tale Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling for Referendum. Albany. N. Y.. March i?By a vote f 84 to M the State Assembly early night adopted an amendment to the lill-McNab resolution ratifying the c deral prohibition amendment, which lakes the resolution a bill and pro xies for a referendum on the rafi xation Issue. It effectually pre "tts the sute from ratifying the deral amendment and is taken ss sweeping victory for the antl-pro tation forces. k This Is the proposal Governor Whgf ' tn was reported to have declared e would veto. The changing of he resolution to a bill necessarily ill bring It before him for signa ge. The governor would not eom i-nt tonight on what he would do. The referendum proposal wMl come P for passage nest Monday night w hether It will be scceptabls to the easts atoo tV*' ~ M'ADOO NAMES RAIL MEMBERS i ON PURCHASES Railroad Director Picks Fi-1 nance Advisory and Pur chasing Committees. Director General McAdoo last night announced the members of the finance advisory and purchasing committees for the Division of Fi nance and Purchases of the Railroad Administration. j Williams Director. John Skelton Williams, is director j He selected bankers, railroad and i l urchasing men from all over the) country, including:: Advisory Committee, finance sec- I tion. to ba located at Washington:' Franklin Q. Brown, of New York, j of the firm of Redmong & Com pany. and for many years vice presi dent of the Plant system of rail roads; Festus J. Wade, of St. Louis, president of the Merchantlle Trust Company, one of the largest bank ing institutions of the West, and a member of the Federal Reserve System, and originator of the Hun dred Million Dollar Cotton Fund: , Frederick W. Scott, of Richmond, i identified with Southern banking systems and for many years director j in the Atlantic Coast Line. Central Advisory Purchasing Com mittee. purchasing section, with headquarters at Washington: Henry B. Spencer, of Washington, vice president of the Southern Rail way, in charge of purchases; Sam uel Porcher, of Philadelphia, general purchasing agent of the Pennsyl vania system; George G. Yoemans. of New Haven, general purchasing agent of the New York. New Haven and Hartford system. RfMBfl DItImIob. Regional purchasing committees, to be located respectively In the cast CONTINCED Olf PAGE THREE. Forest Fire Raging About North Carolina Norfolk. Va.. March 12.?A da-' ; .?tructive forest Are is sweeping North Carolina and destroying thousands of dollars worth of val uable fire and pine timber, accord ing to word received here tonight from Raleigh. Smoke is making living in towns near the blase al most unbearable. SOLONS PASS $760,000,000 WAR MEASURE i Urgent Deficiency Bill Is Rushed Through Senate ' with Slight Change. ANOTHER BIG ONE UP; Senator Reed Attacks Food Administration, Charg ing Extravagance. Another huge "millionaire" bill went over the top late yesterday afternoon in the Senate. It totalled over 1760,000,000, and was for ur- j gent deficiencies in government; work. ? Almost at the moment of its pas-; sage, Benedict Crowell, the Assistant Secretary of War, asked the Senate for $375,074,465 for arming fortifica- ' tions, and $6,300,000 for new prov ing grounds for the great battle guns. >This great $400,000,000 estimate as made just too late to have it included in the bill which was pass ed yesterday, after a fierce fight I made on one provision by Senator | Reed, of Missouri. Hot Attack on Hoover. The Senator concentrated a hot fire upon an appropriation of $1,7(0,000 for the Food Administra tion. He thundered: "The Food Administration has had no less than $8,000,000 dollars since, last Auguat. It has $1,350,000 'till unexpended. It will receive $1,121,141 frcm accounts. It s going some to ask for $1,750,000." Immediately, he followed this with i the assertion that the wheat cor-! poration of the Food Administra tion would collect $12,000,000 from American farmers. Senator Reed spoke for almost three hoUrs. After Underwood, of | Alabama, replied and defended the action of th^ Appropriations Com mlttee in giving the sum. the Sen ate passed the bill with no dis senting voice. "Never in our whole blatory." said Reed, "has there been such a satur nalia of extravagance a> lu the Food 'Administration. A drunken sailor ashore for the first iline in five year* and titled with bad New England whisky could not equal the record. "Herbert C. Hoover spent before he was commissioned and without au thority of law, for his personal expenses and for salaries. Hoover's speeches cost the government Hoover's buttons coat H0.000. Photo graphs cost several thousand; movio films cost 17,8*10, and 'four medallions* coat tl.SW. Whose medallions were they. Never has a man been able to thrust his arm deeper into the Treasury. "Only People's Money. "But why not spend $10,000 for but tons? It's only the peoples' money. Seventy thousand dollars for furni ture! Only the peoples' money!" Senator Reed read Items from the Kood Administrators report, bearing down hard on expenditures such as luncheons. $S2; teaspoons, $13^, camera, Sl?7; paper napkins. 'Then he passed to Julius H. Barnes, who he said was head of the "Hoover wheat corporation." GERMANY THREATENS TRADING OF NORWAY Victory in Finland Followed by Ar rogant Attitude. London. March li?All contracts with Norway have been annulled by the Gesuian Central Purchasing Com pany from March 16. according to a Bergen dispatch to tha Tidens Tegn of Christiania. as quoted In an Ex change Telegraph dispatch from Cop enhagen. The reason for this action, the dis patch says, is that the Norwegian agreement with America provides for the exportation of only 48,000 tons of fish yearly to Germany. The com pany's office at Bergen has been closed. HOUSE COMMITTEE STRONG FOR NAVY Probers Give Secretary Daniels and Subordi nates Highest Praise for Probity Plus General Efficiency, After Study of Present Conditions High praise (or the navy was sound ed 1n a report submitted to the House by a subcommittee of the Naval Committee which has been conduct ing a three months' Investigation. I "The navy has met the situation with rare skill, ingenuity, dispatch ; and a high degree ot success," the report summarised. Acmant Geaeral. Republican and Democratic mem bers Joined in the findings. Regret was expressed that construction had been necessarily curtailed by the mo nopolization of shipyards for com mercial vessels. It was reported that this situation would be speedily righted. The Marine Corps, associated with the navy rather than a part of it," was similarly complimented. The committee urged its officers and men be given the chance they desire ?service la France. Submitting the report Represen tative Olivsr. chairman of the sub j committee, declared the committee I had examined Secretary Daniels, the ??W? hip, j?lous bureau chiefs and minor officials. The following three conclusions were reported: "First, all appropriations have been expended or obligated with judgment, caution and economy, considering that haste was neces sary and abnormal conditions pre vailed. "Second, the navy, with limited personnel and material, was sud denly called to face many difficult and untried problems, and has met the situation with rare skill. In genuity, dispatch and a high degree of success. "Third, the efficiency of the navy's pre-war organisation, the readi ness and fitness of its men and ships were early put to the acid test, and thus far they have not been found wanting. We feel that the last twelve months presents for the navy a remarkable record of achievement, of steadily increasing power in both personnel and ma terial. of rapidly expanding resour ces, and of well-matured plans for 14,500 Persons Killed By Outrages of U-Boat Sailors of Merchant Marine Have Formed League and Sworn to Fight Till Comrades Are Avenged. A total of 14,300 persona have been killed by German torpedoes hurled without warning into mer chant vessel*. This figure, com piled by Britisn authorities, was mentioned for the first time here yesterday by a distinguished dip lomat, recently arrived in Wash ington after a visit in New York. "Torpedoed without warning," he said, *'has got to be such a frequent occurrence that we lose sight of its outrageousness. But go to the British mercantile marine if you want to get the determination of the British people to continue in this war. "For cruise after criuse these men sign on. They go into the stokeholds and they ^ stand watch in the crows nest. They have formed themselves into a league and sworn to fight on un til the power that killsd their comrades is avenged. They are killed at their their lawful occu pations?torpedoed without a chance rto leave the ship, or shot SOVIET CABLE HAS BEARING ON JAP POLICY Wilson's Note May Lead to Settlement of Problem in Siberia. The President's massage to the Russian Soviets is said to clear up the whole Eastern situation. There are indications that in it will lie the germs of the settlement of the Japanese policy in Siberia, agreeable to the United States and all the other nations involved. These views were reflected in two high diplomatic quarters here yes terday afternoon, one English and] one French. They overshadowed the | ihterest in the immediate ef!?ct pf j the President's message to Moscow. Favorable Comment. The situation is summed up In this fashion: v If the Soviets respond to the Pres ident's words the allies will have the active aid of Russia, such as it Is. for the rest of the war. but. even if* Russia decides that she is beaten and cannot come back, the allies are determined to take up her burden, in addition to their own. and to fight to the end. and victory. The United States, it is pointed out, has less direct interest in the eastern front than any of the other allies. In the face of the determina tion of the United States to fight until the eastern problems of the war are settled on the basis of jus tice to Russia, it is stated here that no tendency in any other country to quit before that time could make itself effectively heard. The SUite Department informed inquirers yesterday that the mes sage had gone forward in ample time for delivery to the Soviets' meeting. Up to a late hour last evening nothing had been receiv ed by the department as to its re ceipt or as to the effect it had made. Early reflections of the manner in which the Prrtident's note was re ceived in London and Paris indicate that it aroused almost universal approval, despite the disposition previously evident to disagree with the President's concept of the Rus sian situation as oytlfned in his representations to Japan. French comment on the note was particularly enthusiastic. France, It is pointed out, has been the ally of Russia for 30 years and is more closely connected by political and commercial tle8 with Russia than any other country. Modifies Objection. If Japan waita for the actual menace of German Interference in Eastern Siberia, either by a Ger man advance across the Ural Moun tains or through the organisation of a force of German prisoners and Bolshevlki about Vladivostok, it is not considered likely that the United 8tates will further object to the Japanese action on the main land. One of the premises upon which the President objected to the action of Japan was the actual re moteness of the German menace. CHAPLAIN F. FEINLER UNDER COURT-MARTIAL Is Charged at Fort Shatter of Pro German Utterances. Honolulu, March 12.?Trial by court martial of Capt Franz Feinler, chap lain, U. 8. A., on charge* of pro-Ger man utterances, was in progress to day at Fort Shaffer, where Capt. Felnler has been stationed since he returned from France at the direction of Gen. Pershing, who It was said bj military authorities, believed the efTect of Capt. Feinler's work among the sol diers would be counter-balanced b> his German name. Evidence against Capt. Felnler. whe was arrested a week ago and has aince been held Incommunicado, was said to have been largely obtained through the use of a phonograph device. Aside from this evidence it was aald mili tary witnesses would testify concern ing lectures delivered by Capt. Felnler. alleged to have been tinged with pro German sentiments. Arctic Explorer UL Vancouver, B. C.. March 12? Vilesjalmer Stefansson. Arctic ex plorer, Is seriously 111 north ol Dawson, and may not recover, ac cording to Information r active* fc?r# tojaj. at in lifeboat*, or. at the best, given the alim chance for life of an open boat in a winter gale on the North Atlantic. They have but one word tpr 'torpedoed without warning.' It is not sur- J prising that that word la mur der.' " This statement was brought out in response to a suggestion that peace talk was again In "the air. "England." was the reply, "has never been more united for war to the end. Lloyd-George's speech in January cleared the air. Hert* ling's spech and the way his words were belied in Russia fixed the determination <# the whole nation as that of our seamen has already been fixed. I must say that In J New York and here in Washing ton in everyone to whom I have J talked I have found a determine - ! tion to go on even more vigor ously expressed than the British. Thgy always say that we cannot } stop until we get an American i and not a German peace." MAKE PROTEST I AGAINST BREST! LITOVSK PEACE1 Jugoslavs in Austrian Reich-1 srath Denounce Terms , of Treaty Signed. I Thirty-fire of the thirty-seven Jugo slav deputies in the Vienna Reich- j srath have protested to the Austro- i Hungarian. German, Russian and ' Ukrainian delegates to Brest-Litovsk ( against the peace terms signed there. I The text of the protest, publication of j ! which is forbidden in Austria-Hun- J gary. was received' and made public by j the Serbian Legation here yesterday. | It is but one of several manifesta- j lions recently received In diplomatic j I quarters there of liberal reaction j within the centra! powers against Jhe s triumphs claimed by the Kaiser for j | the aword of pan-German militarism. | ? Protesting againirt the refusal of j [ Austria to permit a Jugoslav repre sentation at Brest-LJtovsk the pro test demands a general and immediate peace with universal disarmament. It demands the absolute right of self 1 determination for all peoples, includ : ing the Slovene, Croat ion and Ser j bian peoples in Austria-Hungary, and concludes: I "Any peace which should attempt to ? perpetuate the existing situation i would be no peace for the peoptas of | this dual monarchy. Such a peace | ' would be the beginning of a struggle ; f<v life or death of the AVistrian al&vs j and a perpetual danger for new in- j ! ternational conflict*" (rial* .Not Soltcd. ! The protest is considered by Or. Voy slav Yovanovitch, of the Servian mis sion here, to lie directly auainst the j proposals with which von Seydler, the Austrian premier, is reported from I Amsterdam to have claimed that he has temporarily solved the Austrian crisis. Von Seydler is reported to have proposed a reform whereby the sub jject nationalities of Austria are to i be given certain powers of control | within their own borders. The Jugo j slavs, says the mission here, will never be satisfied with anything short of autonomous states with access to the | Adriatic. j As this would involve surrender to j them of the ports of Trieste and Fi I ume, both of which are in Jugoslav j territory. Dr. Lovanovitch says that Austria's internal problem will never be solved until peace is reached on President Wilson's terms. He declares that the President's messages have raised a ferment of hope among his people, despite the Austrian and Ger man efforts to misrepresent the Presi dent's words and despite the military measures for the decimation of the Jugoslav populations. POLICEMAN SHOT; CITY IS AROUSED 'Akron Citizens Incensed; Four Of ficers Murdered in Three Weeks. Akron, Ohio, March 12.?Thousands of irate citizens, angered at the cold blooded slaying of Patrolman Gothln Richards to^ . /f*be fourth officer to be shot dowf*> *#.?.-on duty here with in the last Mt?pe months^ thronged the downtown ^.?fels tonight, threat ening to storm the jail where men charged with the crime are being held. Every police officer has been ordered to quarter^ ready to quell any out break. Orders to keep pedestrians moving hava been issued by Mayor Myers and he has forbidden street meetings to take place. Frank Mazzana and Frank Chivoro. Italians, with four other su^ects, one a woman, were spirited away in auto mobiles and under an armed guard, when the mob threatened to move on the Jail. Richards was shot by five hold-up men whom he had attempted to place under arest after they had robbed George Fink. Five bullets took effect in Richards body. He died after hfi had Identified Mazzana and Chivoro as two of the gunmen who were captured a few minutes after the shooting. Will Try to Merfe Churches. Atlantic City. March IS.?Intima tion that President Wilson desires a union of the Nortli and South Presbyteriap churchea was received today by members of the Presby terian Commission. -It was stated ' tonight. The commission Is consld ? eiing means by which the merging l of the two churcb branches can WOULD RAISE PAY OF POLICE AND FIREMEN Chamber of Commerce In dorses Better Wages; Helps Red Cross. FAVORS TRUCK LINES ArrangementsSuggested for Providing Return Loads for Motors. Increase minimum basis salaries of Washington policemen and firemen to, $100 per month, and the addition of 100 policemen to the force, are favored in a resolution adopted by the Cham ber of Commerce last night at a regu lar meeting at its home, 611 Twelfth street northwest. The "ayes'' that thundered out In support of the resolution, which was offered by William B. Hardy, of the committee on police and lire protec tion, came from more than two hun dred members packing the hall to its capacity. By adopting the resolution, the Chamber put itself on record as ?a cor ing practically all recommendations for improvement of the force re-, quested of Congress by Major R. W., Pullman in estimates for the coming fiscal year. lied Crow < nmimign. Henry B. F. MacFarland. sounded the first note of the $500,000 Red Cross campaign for the District in a short, pep pry address. "We raised more than our quota last year," he said, "when we had not seen how valiantly the R*d Cross was working. We gave $360. 000. With 50.000 members at this time, and SO.OOO newcomers to this city, with the proud record of the Red Cross to aid in stimulating in terest, I know that the community will respond to the needs of th# or ganization as one man." later-City Motors. Plans for inclusion of Washing ton into a string of cities now operating "return load bureaus" in Inter-city motor truck transporta tion were broached by Georga M. Graham, of the committee on motor truck irantf|?rtation of the Council of National l>efem?e. Mr. Graham stated, that inter-clty transportation and the short haul by means of mo tor truck was relieving the freight congestion at many terminals in large cities. Throughout the New Kngland States, he said, there are located bureaus which will place return loads on the trucks which are arriving within city bounds laden with goods. This will ren der them 100 per cent efficient on the haul, instead of making the re turn trip a dead loss, a wasteful use of gasoline, and an "economic folly" he declared. War Anniversary. To celebrate the anniversary of the entry of the United States into the world war, George H. Brown, of com mittee on membership and reception, suggested a "win the war luncheon." Plans for this luncheon have already been laid. From soup to nuts the course will be patriotic, and the after dinner speeches will breath a spirit of a "fighting" people according to Mr. Brown. Nathan B. Williams, of the Public CONTINUED OS PAGE TWO. RED GUARD STARTS REIGN OF TERROR Helingsfors Becomes Scene of Many Political Murders. j Stockholm, Monday, March 12.?The Red Guard contingents in Helsingfore j are becoming more violent in their | activities, according to a dispatrh to i the Tidlngen from Vasa, Finland. "They are proceeding in quite a deliberate manner." added the dis j patch, "choosing their victims from i among the intellectual classy, assas sinating principally the clergy am landed proprietors. Ail 'he agricul tural commissioners except one have been killed." WILSON APPROVED VOYAGE OF BAKER % President Lent His Hearty Indorsement to the Overseas Journey of War Depart ment Head as Adding to Morale of Military Forces Abroad. President Wilson, just before/Sec retary Baker left for France sent him a personal letter approvjfig the plans for a personal and intimate inspection of the Americajjexpedi tionary forces in the field/ The President said he fait it would not only add to the morale of the forces, but improve all conditions. Text of Letter. His letter to Secretary Baker reads: "My dear Mr. Secretary: I have your letter of February 20. and concur in your judgment that Gen. Pershinp's repeated requests that you should visit our expedi tionary forces in France should be I complied with. I believe that it will add to the morale, not only < of our forces there, but of our forces here, to fee you sonally conversant with all the con ditions of their transportation and treatment on the other side, and I believe that it will be serviceable : to all of us to have the compre ; hensive view whicb you .will bria? * I ?'I sincerely hope that your journey w*ll be safe. We shall look for your return with impatlenee. because your guidance is constant ly needed here. "Cordially and sincerely yours. "WOODROW WILSON.** Baker Request The letter which Secretary Caker pent to the President, was dated February 20, Ave days before he announced that he was going: away, and read: "My Dear Mr. President: "I have had repeated cablegrams and letters from Gen. Pershing urging that I visit our expeditionary force* in France, and as our plans hare gone forward 1 have come more and mo if to realise the need ol an actual in spection of transport* storage overseas army. "Of cour%e. we are constantly h?* ing officers of the several armies re turning from France with Informa tion and recommendation*. bat they GGSIUiQm o* FJLOS FOLK BAY STATE PHOT GIVES LESSON TO HUN FLYERS / Wellmann of Lafayette Escadrille Demonstrates Americans Have * Real Courage ONE VICTIM DROPS 12,000 FEET % ; United States Patrol Penetrates the Ger man Lines and Comes Back Without Injury. Willi the American Army in France, March II (delayed).?An American sergeant named Wellmann, living at Riverbank Court, Cambridge. Mass., serving as an airplane pilot, shot down two Ger j man machines during the aerial activity Saturday afternoon. Well 1 mann flies a single-seater fighting biplane. He volunteered for ?erv i ice with the French Aviation Corps. ! The feat was accomplished simultaneously with the American ' artillery preparation immediately preceding the American raid into | the German lines on the Lorraine front Saturday afternoon. PARIS BOMBED FROM GERMAN AIR MACHINES Number of Houses Demol ished by Unexpected At tack of Hun Aviators. London. March 12.?German air i planes raided Paris Monday night. The first alarm was riven at 9:10 ! ctlploek. when "?lne squadrons of | German airplanes took part in the ! raid. Bombs were dropped at 10:16 | o'clock. Fell la Flame*. One of the German raider? wa?< brought down in Tlaroea and the crew was tsken prisoner. The Germans lost three other planes. Tb* French official statement on the raid says that warning *hs given at 9:10 o'clock and that "all clear ' ' was sounded at midnight. About sixty a?roplanea crossed ?he | French lines. Thanks to. the artil t lery barrage, which was maintained | throughout th* entire raid with great i intensity, a cc rtain number of ma chines were unable to reach their ob i jectixe. I Nevertheless, the statement add?, numerous bomWs were Uuvwn on Paris and the suburbs. Several , buildings were demolished or set on 1 fire. The number of victims is not | yet known. Australians Victors In Raids on Germans Ixtndon. March 12. ? "Australian troops carried out sucessful raids during the night upon hostile posts east and northeast of Messines." says today's war office report. A number of Germans were killed and a few prisoners were taken by us. Our casualties were light. "The artillery was active on both sides during the night southeast of Armentieres and east and northeast , of Ypres." U. S. Sailor Suicide. I New l?ndon. Conn.. March 12.? ' Chief Machinist's Mat* Albert B. .! Trodd. stationed at the State pier i here, committed suicide today while j under arrest for alleged overstaying I, his leave of absence. He waa guarded . by three officers, when h* suddenly drew a revolver and shot himself through the head. ?s French FlrM. ^ Wellmann la attached No tha Trench Escadrtlle earning out an tvfation program on the America? rector, hia duty bain* to prwteot ?>ench machines while they arc en raged in observing the Germaa mes. taking photographs and regu. atlng the artillery by signala. Saturday afternoon. French aero ? ?f a" '>?>*? eo-operated with American and French batteries, pa,, "f Wth shell fire for the nfantry to go over the top and ex ecute the raM. German machln.a ? l?o were out In force to aid the -?r- Kvn* counter battery work. scored his first victim ?t 4.SO o clock, .shooting down a two seater observing airplane, which -as regular ,g tfc, fir* ofs?n7 Knipp guns. The American .hot ine German machine gunner auj l*ma??d the airplane thai it fWT erashingt from a height of l; *e* feet r-t? ? ~ HI. next victim got h?*- twenty iiTL.1" l*,'r *hen Wellmani* lived upon a German aingle seater. WM attempting to attack * Fren h observation machine H? sent the enemy pi?ne down in flamf. it landed between the first a?d ~ ? ond lines of the eneoi, trene es over which American ln rantrvmea passed an hour later. Be thai time our gunfire had practi cal!, obliteraed the wreckage of the ? jrned enemy machine. In *e visa's land An American csixato flving with a. French pilot had a thrilling experience Sunday when their machine was at tacked by Ave Gorman single-seater hKhting plane. The French aviator skillfully escaped the attacking oum let but hia machine was perforated tr cichtsen machine gun bullet holes Some of these bullets had come un comfortably close to the pilot and others pierced the machine near where the American observer sat. The American scored hits on A. vera I Ger man plane* with his machine gun An American patrol tods, crossed No Mans Ijind and traversed some lanes barbed wire, getting through unmolested They reached the 'P of * : reach without a shot being tired They preceded to reconnoitre ror a considerable distance along the German advanced lines, and even penetrated to a certain depth without encountering enemy troops Their task fulfilled they returned ? lions. There were no casual ins WEST FRONT FIGHTING SUBSIDES IN INTENSITY London Reports Still Lively Gun Duels All Along. ii!l?nd0n" u M"rch '- -'"ufhtlng ac tivity in the West subsided WMKWhat in Intensity during the last twentv four hours, though spirited gUr, 'OMInue .i?ng the .!?!. front. Australian troops mad., suc cessful Incursions Into I he Gcrmaa lines east and northeast of Meesine*. returning with prisoners and materi als. The guns of both sides were ac tive at Verdun. A German airplane was shot down by the French north of bolssons. three passengers and twa officers being taken iwlsoners. Her Hn announced today that shells from British long range guns had fallen Into CambraJ. ENTENTE AVIATORS PROVE SUPERIORITY Winston Churchill Praises Them at London Reception. London. March 12.?The members of the American Standardisation Board, who are now In England were the guests of honor at a re. ception given last night by thelt English colleagues. Among thoa< present were Winston Spencel Churchill, the Minister of Munitions and promlne.it British engineering experts. Speeches were made b? Col. Churchill, F. \V Dlffen ani Andrew Weir and representative? of France and Italy Co!. Churchill, In discussing air raids, ssid that sllied superiority in til*' air is shown by the ease with which allied airmen continually bomb interior trerman towns la while the r^risaM reach English and French cities at Bight. West and. He ?ell at Grave Pnrh lan. Astievllle. N. C. Finest reaort la the world No invalids, we chil dren under li.?Adv.