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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 13, 1918, Image 1

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Men to Be Sent as Fast as Ships
Are Ready, Is U. S. Response
to Appeal of Our Allies
The President Favors Less "Vain" Boasting
and More Detailed News of Real
Happenings Published.
Sew orders have gone forth to speed up the sending oi troops
to l-'rance.
In consequence the national army, made up of men of the . selec
tive draft, are to be dispatched to Europe as fast as ships are avail
able to transport them.
Paving the way, the War Department announced late yesterday
afternoon the beginning of a widespread shake-up among the com
manding generals of the selective troops.
Eight Geaerale Rtlln?4.
No general officers are Co be sent
?< ross that are unfit to stand the
igors of service at the front As
a result eight general oCricers. in
cluding five division commanders,
were named by MaJ. Gen. Peyton
C. March, acting Chief of Staff, as
having failed to meet the physical
requirements. They are to be re
turned to their grades in the regu
lar establishment, relieved of their
i omm&odi with the national army,
and assigned to stations on this side
?t the Atlantic.
The orders to speed-up are re
ported to have resulted from fresh
appeals on the part of the allies fori
more American forces to help with- !
stand the shock of the expected |
Herman offensives. France partic- !
ularly is said to have renewed her I
urging* In this respect. For this no
liefinite official confirmation could I
be obtained.
"The whole movement across."
said Gen. March, "is being speeded
as rapidly as possible.'*
Looking confidently ahead to the j
future, the President, it became I
known last night. Is likely to In
sist shortly on a lifting of the cen
sorship lid to an extent that will j
permit the American people to get
more knowledge of what the United '
States is doing in the war.
His disposition, it can be stated,
is to nave less of the vain boasting
that has been indulged In by ir
responsible persons and more of the
real facts. He is of the opinion that
* sensible modification of the cen
sorship in this respect would not be
reappointing to the American peo
t heerlag *ews All Rousd.
Simultaneously with these announce
ments cheering news broke out in all
sections of the capital concerning the
prospects ahead.
All former records in preparations
are to be smashed. Many forebodings
as to the ability of the United States [
to get its forces acroes are being dis
I-el led.
From Shipping Board quarters and '
from the British embassy came assur- I
inces that the transportation situation
is rapidly clearing up.
Supplies for the army?feed, cloth
ing. shells and guns?are beginning to
pile up in prodigious amounts.
During the next twelve months half
a billion dollars is to be spent by the
\\ ar Department In the erection of
iu5?: storage depots to accommodate i
I he rapidly accumulating material. (
Six of these are to be built along the
\tlantlc coast. Thirty Interior depots
ire to go up west of the AUeghanies.
Huge assembling warehouses for aero
?l ines are to be built on the seaboard
? hence planes are to be shipped across
o the fighting front.
Plants for the manufacture of gas
? hell, flame hurling devices and pow
ler are to be built to huge propor
The House Naval Affairs Commit
ee. having surveyed everything that
he American navy has done since
he United States entered the war.
irought out a report declaring that
he floating force of the United States
?vas never In better trim.
Peaee t.oeelp Dropped.
About all these developments was
in atmosphere surcharged with the
?lk of war. Peace gossip was rel
ated to the background. In all
iiiarters the President's message to
he Russian Soviets was accepted as
i rallying call It was deecribed on
ill aides as the first utterance of an
tilled statesman to show that the war
Kainst Germany has got to be won
n the East as well as the West be
on peace can come.
The natlona' an ?j|>e selective
? my? 9 for._JMrith all poe
ihl' All .'.vwu, records
n the Inffl^M'e trri ,ng qr men for
tale Assembly Adopts Resolution
Calling for Referendum.
Albany. N. Y.. March i?By a vote
f 84 to M the State Assembly early
night adopted an amendment to the
lill-McNab resolution ratifying the
c deral prohibition amendment, which
lakes the resolution a bill and pro
xies for a referendum on the rafi
xation Issue. It effectually pre
"tts the sute from ratifying the
deral amendment and is taken ss
sweeping victory for the antl-pro
tation forces.
k This Is the proposal Governor Whgf
' tn was reported to have declared
e would veto. The changing of
he resolution to a bill necessarily
ill bring It before him for signa
ge. The governor would not eom
i-nt tonight on what he would do.
The referendum proposal wMl come
P for passage nest Monday night
w hether It will be scceptabls to the
easts atoo tV*' ~
Railroad Director Picks Fi-1
nance Advisory and Pur
chasing Committees.
Director General McAdoo last
night announced the members of
the finance advisory and purchasing
committees for the Division of Fi
nance and Purchases of the Railroad
Administration. j
Williams Director.
John Skelton Williams, is director j
He selected bankers, railroad and i
l urchasing men from all over the)
country, including::
Advisory Committee, finance sec- I
tion. to ba located at Washington:'
Franklin Q. Brown, of New York, j
of the firm of Redmong & Com
pany. and for many years vice presi
dent of the Plant system of rail
roads; Festus J. Wade, of St. Louis,
president of the Merchantlle Trust
Company, one of the largest bank
ing institutions of the West, and a
member of the Federal Reserve
System, and originator of the Hun
dred Million Dollar Cotton Fund: ,
Frederick W. Scott, of Richmond, i
identified with Southern banking
systems and for many years director j
in the Atlantic Coast Line.
Central Advisory Purchasing Com
mittee. purchasing section, with
headquarters at Washington:
Henry B. Spencer, of Washington,
vice president of the Southern Rail
way, in charge of purchases; Sam
uel Porcher, of Philadelphia, general
purchasing agent of the Pennsyl
vania system; George G. Yoemans.
of New Haven, general purchasing
agent of the New York. New Haven
and Hartford system.
RfMBfl DItImIob.
Regional purchasing committees, to
be located respectively In the cast
Forest Fire Raging
About North Carolina
Norfolk. Va.. March 12.?A da-'
; .?tructive forest Are is sweeping
North Carolina and destroying
thousands of dollars worth of val
uable fire and pine timber, accord
ing to word received here tonight
from Raleigh. Smoke is making
living in towns near the blase al
most unbearable.
Urgent Deficiency Bill Is
Rushed Through Senate
' with Slight Change.
Senator Reed Attacks Food
Administration, Charg
ing Extravagance.
Another huge "millionaire" bill
went over the top late yesterday
afternoon in the Senate. It totalled
over 1760,000,000, and was for ur- j
gent deficiencies in government;
work. ?
Almost at the moment of its pas-;
sage, Benedict Crowell, the Assistant
Secretary of War, asked the Senate
for $375,074,465 for arming fortifica- '
tions, and $6,300,000 for new prov
ing grounds for the great battle
>This great $400,000,000 estimate
as made just too late to have it
included in the bill which was pass
ed yesterday, after a fierce fight I
made on one provision by Senator |
Reed, of Missouri.
Hot Attack on Hoover.
The Senator concentrated a hot
fire upon an appropriation of
$1,7(0,000 for the Food Administra
tion. He thundered:
"The Food Administration has
had no less than $8,000,000 dollars
since, last Auguat. It has $1,350,000
'till unexpended. It will receive
$1,121,141 frcm accounts. It s going
some to ask for $1,750,000."
Immediately, he followed this with i
the assertion that the wheat cor-!
poration of the Food Administra
tion would collect $12,000,000 from
American farmers.
Senator Reed spoke for almost
three hoUrs. After Underwood, of |
Alabama, replied and defended the
action of th^ Appropriations Com
mlttee in giving the sum. the Sen
ate passed the bill with no dis
senting voice.
"Never in our whole blatory." said
Reed, "has there been such a satur
nalia of extravagance a> lu the Food
'Administration. A drunken sailor
ashore for the first iline in five year*
and titled with bad New England
whisky could not equal the record.
"Herbert C. Hoover spent before he
was commissioned and without au
thority of law, for his personal
expenses and for salaries. Hoover's
speeches cost the government
Hoover's buttons coat H0.000. Photo
graphs cost several thousand; movio
films cost 17,8*10, and 'four medallions*
coat tl.SW. Whose medallions were
they. Never has a man been able
to thrust his arm deeper into the
"Only People's Money.
"But why not spend $10,000 for but
tons? It's only the peoples' money.
Seventy thousand dollars for furni
ture! Only the peoples' money!"
Senator Reed read Items from the
Kood Administrators report, bearing
down hard on expenditures such as
luncheons. $S2; teaspoons, $13^, camera,
Sl?7; paper napkins. 'Then he
passed to Julius H. Barnes, who he
said was head of the "Hoover wheat
Victory in Finland Followed by Ar
rogant Attitude.
London. March li?All contracts
with Norway have been annulled by
the Gesuian Central Purchasing Com
pany from March 16. according to a
Bergen dispatch to tha Tidens Tegn
of Christiania. as quoted In an Ex
change Telegraph dispatch from Cop
The reason for this action, the dis
patch says, is that the Norwegian
agreement with America provides for
the exportation of only 48,000 tons of
fish yearly to Germany. The com
pany's office at Bergen has been
Probers Give Secretary Daniels and Subordi
nates Highest Praise for Probity Plus
General Efficiency, After Study
of Present Conditions
High praise (or the navy was sound
ed 1n a report submitted to the House
by a subcommittee of the Naval
Committee which has been conduct
ing a three months' Investigation.
I "The navy has met the situation
with rare skill, ingenuity, dispatch
; and a high degree ot success," the
report summarised.
Acmant Geaeral.
Republican and Democratic mem
bers Joined in the findings. Regret
was expressed that construction had
been necessarily curtailed by the mo
nopolization of shipyards for com
mercial vessels. It was reported that
this situation would be speedily
The Marine Corps, associated with
the navy rather than a part of it,"
was similarly complimented. The
committee urged its officers and
men be given the chance they desire
?service la France.
Submitting the report Represen
tative Olivsr. chairman of the sub
j committee, declared the committee
I had examined Secretary Daniels, the
??W? hip, j?lous
bureau chiefs and minor officials.
The following three conclusions
were reported:
"First, all appropriations have
been expended or obligated with
judgment, caution and economy,
considering that haste was neces
sary and abnormal conditions pre
"Second, the navy, with limited
personnel and material, was sud
denly called to face many difficult
and untried problems, and has met
the situation with rare skill. In
genuity, dispatch and a high degree
of success.
"Third, the efficiency of the navy's
pre-war organisation, the readi
ness and fitness of its men and
ships were early put to the acid
test, and thus far they have not
been found wanting. We feel that
the last twelve months presents for
the navy a remarkable record of
achievement, of steadily increasing
power in both personnel and ma
terial. of rapidly expanding resour
ces, and of well-matured plans for
14,500 Persons Killed
By Outrages of U-Boat
Sailors of Merchant Marine Have Formed
League and Sworn to Fight Till
Comrades Are Avenged.
A total of 14,300 persona have
been killed by German torpedoes
hurled without warning into mer
chant vessel*. This figure, com
piled by Britisn authorities, was
mentioned for the first time here
yesterday by a distinguished dip
lomat, recently arrived in Wash
ington after a visit in New York.
"Torpedoed without warning," he
said, *'has got to be such a frequent
occurrence that we lose sight of
its outrageousness. But go to the
British mercantile marine if you
want to get the determination of
the British people to continue in
this war.
"For cruise after criuse these
men sign on. They go into the
stokeholds and they ^ stand
watch in the crows nest. They
have formed themselves into a
league and sworn to fight on un
til the power that killsd their
comrades is avenged. They are
killed at their their lawful occu
pations?torpedoed without a
chance rto leave the ship, or shot
Wilson's Note May Lead to
Settlement of Problem
in Siberia.
The President's massage to the
Russian Soviets is said to clear up
the whole Eastern situation. There
are indications that in it will lie
the germs of the settlement of the
Japanese policy in Siberia, agreeable
to the United States and all the
other nations involved.
These views were reflected in two
high diplomatic quarters here yes
terday afternoon, one English and]
one French. They overshadowed the |
ihterest in the immediate ef!?ct pf j
the President's message to Moscow.
Favorable Comment.
The situation is summed up In this
fashion: v
If the Soviets respond to the Pres
ident's words the allies will have the
active aid of Russia, such as it Is.
for the rest of the war. but. even if*
Russia decides that she is beaten
and cannot come back, the allies are
determined to take up her burden,
in addition to their own. and to fight
to the end. and victory.
The United States, it is pointed
out, has less direct interest in the
eastern front than any of the other
allies. In the face of the determina
tion of the United States to fight
until the eastern problems of the
war are settled on the basis of jus
tice to Russia, it is stated here that
no tendency in any other country
to quit before that time could make
itself effectively heard.
The SUite Department informed
inquirers yesterday that the mes
sage had gone forward in ample
time for delivery to the Soviets'
meeting. Up to a late hour last
evening nothing had been receiv
ed by the department as to its re
ceipt or as to the effect it had made.
Early reflections of the manner in
which the Prrtident's note was re
ceived in London and Paris indicate
that it aroused almost universal
approval, despite the disposition
previously evident to disagree with
the President's concept of the Rus
sian situation as oytlfned in his
representations to Japan.
French comment on the note was
particularly enthusiastic. France,
It is pointed out, has been the ally
of Russia for 30 years and is more
closely connected by political and
commercial tle8 with Russia than
any other country.
Modifies Objection.
If Japan waita for the actual
menace of German Interference in
Eastern Siberia, either by a Ger
man advance across the Ural Moun
tains or through the organisation
of a force of German prisoners and
Bolshevlki about Vladivostok, it is
not considered likely that the
United 8tates will further object to
the Japanese action on the main
land. One of the premises upon
which the President objected to the
action of Japan was the actual re
moteness of the German menace.
Is Charged at Fort Shatter of Pro
German Utterances.
Honolulu, March 12.?Trial by court
martial of Capt Franz Feinler, chap
lain, U. 8. A., on charge* of pro-Ger
man utterances, was in progress to
day at Fort Shaffer, where Capt.
Felnler has been stationed since he
returned from France at the direction
of Gen. Pershing, who It was said bj
military authorities, believed the efTect
of Capt. Feinler's work among the sol
diers would be counter-balanced b>
his German name.
Evidence against Capt. Felnler. whe
was arrested a week ago and has aince
been held Incommunicado, was said
to have been largely obtained through
the use of a phonograph device. Aside
from this evidence it was aald mili
tary witnesses would testify concern
ing lectures delivered by Capt. Felnler.
alleged to have been tinged with pro
German sentiments.
Arctic Explorer UL
Vancouver, B. C.. March 12?
Vilesjalmer Stefansson. Arctic ex
plorer, Is seriously 111 north ol
Dawson, and may not recover, ac
cording to Information r active*
fc?r# tojaj.
at in lifeboat*, or. at the best,
given the alim chance for life of
an open boat in a winter gale on
the North Atlantic. They have
but one word tpr 'torpedoed
without warning.' It is not sur- J
prising that that word la mur
der.' "
This statement was brought
out in response to a suggestion
that peace talk was again In
"the air.
"England." was the reply, "has
never been more united for war
to the end. Lloyd-George's speech
in January cleared the air. Hert*
ling's spech and the way his words
were belied in Russia fixed the
determination <# the whole nation
as that of our seamen has already
been fixed. I must say that In J
New York and here in Washing
ton in everyone to whom I have J
talked I have found a determine - !
tion to go on even more vigor
ously expressed than the British.
Thgy always say that we cannot }
stop until we get an American i
and not a German peace."
Jugoslavs in Austrian Reich-1
srath Denounce Terms ,
of Treaty Signed.
I Thirty-fire of the thirty-seven Jugo
slav deputies in the Vienna Reich- j
srath have protested to the Austro- i
Hungarian. German, Russian and
' Ukrainian delegates to Brest-Litovsk (
against the peace terms signed there.
I The text of the protest, publication of j
! which is forbidden in Austria-Hun- J
gary. was received' and made public by j
the Serbian Legation here yesterday.
| It is but one of several manifesta- j
lions recently received In diplomatic j
I quarters there of liberal reaction j
within the centra! powers against Jhe s
triumphs claimed by the Kaiser for j
| the aword of pan-German militarism. |
? Protesting againirt the refusal of j
[ Austria to permit a Jugoslav repre
sentation at Brest-LJtovsk the pro
test demands a general and immediate
peace with universal disarmament. It
demands the absolute right of self
1 determination for all peoples, includ
: ing the Slovene, Croat ion and Ser
j bian peoples in Austria-Hungary, and
I "Any peace which should attempt to
? perpetuate the existing situation
i would be no peace for the peoptas of
| this dual monarchy. Such a peace |
' would be the beginning of a struggle ;
f<v life or death of the AVistrian al&vs j
and a perpetual danger for new in- j
! ternational conflict*"
(rial* .Not Soltcd.
! The protest is considered by Or. Voy
slav Yovanovitch, of the Servian mis
sion here, to lie directly auainst the
j proposals with which von Seydler, the
Austrian premier, is reported from
I Amsterdam to have claimed that he
has temporarily solved the Austrian
crisis. Von Seydler is reported to have
proposed a reform whereby the sub
jject nationalities of Austria are to
i be given certain powers of control
| within their own borders. The Jugo
j slavs, says the mission here, will never
be satisfied with anything short of
autonomous states with access to the
| Adriatic.
j As this would involve surrender to
j them of the ports of Trieste and Fi
I ume, both of which are in Jugoslav
j territory. Dr. Lovanovitch says that
Austria's internal problem will never
be solved until peace is reached on
President Wilson's terms. He declares
that the President's messages have
raised a ferment of hope among his
people, despite the Austrian and Ger
man efforts to misrepresent the Presi
dent's words and despite the military
measures for the decimation of the
Jugoslav populations.
'Akron Citizens Incensed; Four Of
ficers Murdered in Three Weeks.
Akron, Ohio, March 12.?Thousands
of irate citizens, angered at the cold
blooded slaying of Patrolman Gothln
Richards to^ . /f*be fourth officer to
be shot dowf*> *#.?.-on duty here with
in the last Mt?pe months^ thronged
the downtown ^.?fels tonight, threat
ening to storm the jail where men
charged with the crime are being held.
Every police officer has been ordered
to quarter^ ready to quell any out
break. Orders to keep pedestrians
moving hava been issued by Mayor
Myers and he has forbidden street
meetings to take place.
Frank Mazzana and Frank Chivoro.
Italians, with four other su^ects, one
a woman, were spirited away in auto
mobiles and under an armed guard,
when the mob threatened to move on
the Jail.
Richards was shot by five hold-up
men whom he had attempted to place
under arest after they had robbed
George Fink.
Five bullets took effect in Richards
body. He died after hfi had Identified
Mazzana and Chivoro as two of the
gunmen who were captured a few
minutes after the shooting.
Will Try to Merfe Churches.
Atlantic City. March IS.?Intima
tion that President Wilson desires
a union of the Nortli and South
Presbyteriap churchea was received
today by members of the Presby
terian Commission. -It was stated
' tonight. The commission Is consld
? eiing means by which the merging
l of the two churcb branches can
Chamber of Commerce In
dorses Better Wages;
Helps Red Cross.
ArrangementsSuggested for
Providing Return Loads
for Motors.
Increase minimum basis salaries of
Washington policemen and firemen to,
$100 per month, and the addition of
100 policemen to the force, are favored
in a resolution adopted by the Cham
ber of Commerce last night at a regu
lar meeting at its home, 611 Twelfth
street northwest.
The "ayes'' that thundered out In
support of the resolution, which was
offered by William B. Hardy, of the
committee on police and lire protec
tion, came from more than two hun
dred members packing the hall to its
By adopting the resolution, the
Chamber put itself on record as ?a cor
ing practically all recommendations
for improvement of the force re-,
quested of Congress by Major R. W.,
Pullman in estimates for the coming
fiscal year.
lied Crow < nmimign.
Henry B. F. MacFarland. sounded
the first note of the $500,000 Red
Cross campaign for the District in
a short, pep pry address.
"We raised more than our quota
last year," he said, "when we had
not seen how valiantly the R*d
Cross was working. We gave $360.
000. With 50.000 members at this
time, and SO.OOO newcomers to this
city, with the proud record of the
Red Cross to aid in stimulating in
terest, I know that the community
will respond to the needs of th# or
ganization as one man."
later-City Motors.
Plans for inclusion of Washing
ton into a string of cities now
operating "return load bureaus" in
Inter-city motor truck transporta
tion were broached by Georga M.
Graham, of the committee on motor
truck irantf|?rtation of the Council
of National l>efem?e. Mr. Graham
stated, that inter-clty transportation
and the short haul by means of mo
tor truck was relieving the freight
congestion at many terminals in
large cities. Throughout the New
Kngland States, he said, there are
located bureaus which will place
return loads on the trucks which
are arriving within city bounds
laden with goods. This will ren
der them 100 per cent efficient on
the haul, instead of making the re
turn trip a dead loss, a wasteful use
of gasoline, and an "economic folly"
he declared.
War Anniversary.
To celebrate the anniversary of the
entry of the United States into the
world war, George H. Brown, of com
mittee on membership and reception,
suggested a "win the war luncheon."
Plans for this luncheon have already
been laid. From soup to nuts the
course will be patriotic, and the after
dinner speeches will breath a spirit
of a "fighting" people according to
Mr. Brown.
Nathan B. Williams, of the Public
Helingsfors Becomes Scene of Many
Political Murders.
j Stockholm, Monday, March 12.?The
Red Guard contingents in Helsingfore
j are becoming more violent in their
| activities, according to a dispatrh to
i the Tidlngen from Vasa, Finland.
"They are proceeding in quite a
deliberate manner." added the dis
j patch, "choosing their victims from
i among the intellectual classy, assas
sinating principally the clergy am
landed proprietors. Ail 'he agricul
tural commissioners except one have
been killed."
President Lent His Hearty Indorsement to
the Overseas Journey of War Depart
ment Head as Adding to Morale
of Military Forces Abroad.
President Wilson, just before/Sec
retary Baker left for France sent
him a personal letter approvjfig the
plans for a personal and intimate
inspection of the Americajjexpedi
tionary forces in the field/
The President said he fait it would
not only add to the morale of the
forces, but improve all conditions.
Text of Letter.
His letter to Secretary Baker
"My dear Mr. Secretary:
I have your letter of February 20.
and concur in your judgment that
Gen. Pershinp's repeated requests
that you should visit our expedi
tionary forces in France should be
I complied with. I believe that it
will add to the morale, not only
< of our forces there, but of our
forces here, to fee you
sonally conversant with all the con
ditions of their transportation and
treatment on the other side, and I
believe that it will be serviceable
: to all of us to have the compre
; hensive view whicb you .will bria?
* I
?'I sincerely hope that your
journey w*ll be safe. We shall look
for your return with impatlenee.
because your guidance is constant
ly needed here.
"Cordially and sincerely yours.
Baker Request
The letter which Secretary Caker
pent to the President, was dated
February 20, Ave days before he
announced that he was going: away,
and read:
"My Dear Mr. President:
"I have had repeated cablegrams
and letters from Gen. Pershing urging
that I visit our expeditionary force*
in France, and as our plans hare gone
forward 1 have come more and mo if
to realise the need ol an actual in
spection of transport*
overseas army.
"Of cour%e. we are constantly h?*
ing officers of the several armies re
turning from France with Informa
tion and recommendation*. bat they
Wellmann of Lafayette Escadrille
Demonstrates Americans Have *
Real Courage
; United States Patrol Penetrates the Ger
man Lines and Comes Back
Without Injury.
Willi the American Army in France, March II (delayed).?An
American sergeant named Wellmann, living at Riverbank Court,
Cambridge. Mass., serving as an airplane pilot, shot down two Ger
j man machines during the aerial activity Saturday afternoon. Well
1 mann flies a single-seater fighting biplane. He volunteered for ?erv
i ice with the French Aviation Corps.
! The feat was accomplished simultaneously with the American
' artillery preparation immediately preceding the American raid into
| the German lines on the Lorraine front Saturday afternoon.
Number of Houses Demol
ished by Unexpected At
tack of Hun Aviators.
London. March 12.?German air
i planes raided Paris Monday night.
The first alarm was riven at 9:10
! ctlploek. when "?lne squadrons of
| German airplanes took part in the
! raid. Bombs were dropped at 10:16
| o'clock.
Fell la Flame*.
One of the German raider? wa?<
brought down in Tlaroea and the crew
was tsken prisoner. The Germans
lost three other planes.
Tb* French official statement on
the raid says that warning *hs given
at 9:10 o'clock and that "all clear '
' was sounded at midnight.
About sixty a?roplanea crossed ?he
| French lines. Thanks to. the artil
t lery barrage, which was maintained
| throughout th* entire raid with great
i intensity, a cc rtain number of ma
chines were unable to reach their ob
i jectixe.
I Nevertheless, the statement add?,
numerous bomWs were Uuvwn on
Paris and the suburbs. Several
, buildings were demolished or set on
1 fire. The number of victims is not
| yet known.
Australians Victors
In Raids on Germans
Ixtndon. March 12. ? "Australian
troops carried out sucessful raids
during the night upon hostile posts
east and northeast of Messines." says
today's war office report. A number
of Germans were killed and a few
prisoners were taken by us. Our
casualties were light.
"The artillery was active on both
sides during the night southeast of
Armentieres and east and northeast
, of Ypres."
U. S. Sailor Suicide.
I New l?ndon. Conn.. March 12.?
' Chief Machinist's Mat* Albert B.
.! Trodd. stationed at the State pier
i here, committed suicide today while
j under arrest for alleged overstaying
I, his leave of absence. He waa guarded
. by three officers, when h* suddenly
drew a revolver and shot himself
through the head.
?s French FlrM.
^ Wellmann la attached No tha
Trench Escadrtlle earning out an
tvfation program on the America?
rector, hia duty bain* to prwteot
?>ench machines while they arc en
raged in observing the Germaa
mes. taking photographs and regu.
atlng the artillery by signala.
Saturday afternoon. French aero
? ?f a" '>?>*? eo-operated with
American and French batteries, pa,,
"f Wth shell fire for the
nfantry to go over the top and ex
ecute the raM. German machln.a
? l?o were out In force to aid the
-?r- Kvn* counter battery work.
scored his first victim
?t 4.SO o clock, .shooting down a two
seater observing airplane, which
-as regular ,g tfc, fir* ofs?n7
Knipp guns. The American .hot
ine German machine gunner auj
l*ma??d the airplane thai it fWT
erashingt from a height of l; *e*
feet r-t? ? ~
HI. next victim got h?*- twenty
iiTL.1" l*,'r *hen Wellmani*
lived upon a German aingle seater.
WM attempting to attack *
Fren h observation machine H?
sent the enemy pi?ne down in
flamf. it landed between the first
a?d ~ ? ond lines of the eneoi,
trene es over which American ln
rantrvmea passed an hour later. Be
thai time our gunfire had practi
cal!, obliteraed the wreckage of
the ? jrned enemy machine.
In *e visa's land
An American csixato flving with a.
French pilot had a thrilling experience
Sunday when their machine was at
tacked by Ave Gorman single-seater
hKhting plane. The French aviator
skillfully escaped the attacking oum
let but hia machine was perforated tr
cichtsen machine gun bullet holes
Some of these bullets had come un
comfortably close to the pilot and
others pierced the machine near where
the American observer sat. The
American scored hits on A. vera I Ger
man plane* with his machine gun
An American patrol tods, crossed No
Mans Ijind and traversed some lanes
barbed wire, getting
through unmolested They reached the
'P of * : reach without a shot being
tired They preceded to reconnoitre
ror a considerable distance along the
German advanced lines, and even
penetrated to a certain depth without
encountering enemy troops Their task
fulfilled they returned ?
lions. There were no casual ins
London Reports Still Lively Gun
Duels All Along.
ii!l?nd0n" u M"rch '- -'"ufhtlng ac
tivity in the West subsided WMKWhat
in Intensity during the last twentv
four hours, though spirited gUr,
'OMInue .i?ng the .!?!.
front. Australian troops mad., suc
cessful Incursions Into I he Gcrmaa
lines east and northeast of Meesine*.
returning with prisoners and materi
als. The guns of both sides were ac
tive at Verdun. A German airplane
was shot down by the French north
of bolssons. three passengers and twa
officers being taken iwlsoners. Her
Hn announced today that shells from
British long range guns had fallen
Into CambraJ.
Winston Churchill Praises Them at
London Reception.
London. March 12.?The members
of the American Standardisation
Board, who are now In England
were the guests of honor at a re.
ception given last night by thelt
English colleagues. Among thoa<
present were Winston Spencel
Churchill, the Minister of Munitions
and promlne.it British engineering
experts. Speeches were made b?
Col. Churchill, F. \V Dlffen ani
Andrew Weir and representative?
of France and Italy
Co!. Churchill, In discussing air
raids, ssid that sllied superiority
in til*' air is shown by the ease with
which allied airmen continually
bomb interior trerman towns la
while the r^risaM
reach English and French cities at
West and. He ?ell at Grave Pnrh
lan. Astievllle. N. C. Finest reaort
la the world No invalids, we chil
dren under li.?Adv.

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