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m mind?The HERALD
ONE CENT DAILY and CENTS SUffJAY. 14, 1918. ONE CENT 2 " Unsatisfactory' Amend ment May Be Changed in House Today. $180 RAISE PROPOSED Borland to Push His Eight Hour Amendment?De bate Limit Is Set. Dissatisfied with the flat in crease allowed to all civilian em ployes of the government, includ ing those in the District, in a com mittee amendment to the legisla tive, executive and judicial appro priation bill, which was presented in the House by Chairman Byrns late yesterday afternoon, Repre sentative Edward Keating, of Col orado, will this morning frame an other amendment providing for a material boost in the $120 flat in crease. It is probable that his r amendment will set the flat in crease rate at $180. Limiting of debate on the amendment was made in the House before adjournment. One hour will be given over to the discussion of the committee amendment and one hour will be given to debate on Representative Borland's eight-hour amendment. Hmh ?? Vete Today. Representative Byrns will direct the defense of the general amendment and Representative Borland that or hi* eight-hour amendment. Repre sentative Stafford, of Wisconsin will direct the thirty minutes allowed to answer Representative Borland. Assurance was given yesterday that the House would take up discussion of the amendment immediately after it had disposed of its regular morn ing business today and It is expected a favorable vote will be taken on it soon afterward. Representative Byrns further pro vided that after the lump time had been spent In discussion of the gen . eral amendment and Representative Borland's amendment that other de bate would be .imited to bona flde germane amendments only and that no member could thereafter hold the floor for longer than Ave minutes. Particular pleasure is felt by friends of school teacher* and other school -c" *ioyea to thA District that they should be Included In the recommend ed flat increase. In the absence of President H. M. McLarin. Florence Etheridge, acting president of the Federal Employes Association, last night issued the fol lowing statement which emphasises that the proposed *180 flat increase is .'unsatisfactory" to the National Federation of Federal Employes- for the following reasons: ??It does not in any degree cor respond to the Increase in the cost of living. .. . "It Is discriminatory in that It provides as large an increase for employes receiving 12,000 as for those receiving ???0. while it avow COSTINCSD OS PAGE SEVEM. CONGRESS URGED TO HASTEN ACTION Gen. Crowder Wants Army Bills Passed Without Delay. In appearing before the Senate military committee yesterday to ex plain prposed amendments to the national defense act?mostly tech nical matters of army organization ?Provost Marshal Genni*ral Crow der as the legislative representa tive of Secretary Baker, urged Con gress to hasten action on scores of army hills pending, especially that amending the selective draft law. Passage by the Senate this week of the draft Mil. changing the basis of selection from State populations to the number of men In class one and requiring registration of men attaining twenty-one yearsof age since June 5 last, is expected. Sen ator Hitchcock, acting committee chairman, told General Crowder. Other army bills, he said, are sched uled to follow It In the Senate. Maryland Legislature L Shelves Prohibition I vnna polls. Md_. March U?No Ibiate prohibition legislation is llke Ifv this year In Maryland. ? Tt,e Weimer prohibition hill was r forced out of committee today and , killed in the House by a vlva 1 *?TheT?egislature. however, has rat ' tfle<J the national prohibition amend meat. Dr. Garfield Gets News That Mother Has Died r>r Harry A- Garfield, the Fuel Ad ministrator. received word of the ?T^y-TenUy at Paeadena. Car. of his mother. Mrs. James A. Garfleld. " "y,w of the martyred President. Mr* Garfield was 88 years old. She will be buried at Mentor, Ohio. Dr. ...rfleld left the office as soon aa he received word. He will go to the fu neral In Ohio. Nintt Lm| lata Sea. sew York, March II.?Four nurses ?nd a doctor attached to the Penn sylvania University Hospital No. 20. lumped into the ley water* off the Battery today to demonstrate the ^fteetivenesa of rubber llfe-aavlng sutta which they will wear through the submarine sone. The test was ,ucceaafur. * * - Dray* Dead. Boat On. March 13 ?Judge Arthur E. Burr dropped dead today after ren dering a verdict In his first case. On Monday he began hi* appointment mm county probate judge. "Fighting With Hoover99 - Costly to Nation, Says Reed Missouri Senator, Quoting Food Chief's Re port, Showing Where Money Has Gone, Warns Public "Barrel" Has Bottom. No additional appropriation should be given the National Food ( Administration, which "come* here adhitting that it hat a million and a quarter of dollars on hand; that it fias $29,000,000 in the treasury of its corporation and that it has assets of almost $2,000,000," Senator j Reed, of Missouri, one of the most persistent critics of Herbert Hoover, declared in debate on the bill \d give the Food Administration power to fix prices. imifcn om hum. Tb? American people hare been I feedin* themselves on ttwtr! own | adulation" until they are dnJM with ' conceit. Senator Reed said. ai|fl have ! the Idea* that their wealth Is inex haustible. "Before this war la over. It may be that the balance will fee determined by a few billion dollars? a very few?and therefore we should not waste money today." Quoting from Mr. Hoover's report. Senator Reed gave figures showing how the campaign of educating the public to adopt "?less days" has had wide ramifications, which have swal lowed money from the Treasury with great gulps. Mr. Reed said In part: "Hoover's speeches cost the govern ment $16,000; I do not know what ad ditional commitments are included in the $2,225,000 incumbrances, but the speeches that are reported cost $16,000; and I think he also had the franking privilege; so that Is $16,000 for print ing alone. Again, dropping into the vernacular, that Is "a whale of a bill" for speeches?$16,000? Of course, it is i remarkable to me that they had to be circulated at all, for I can net understand why words falling from Mr. Hoover's lips would not be greed ily sought, after by the press of the country and circulated by the milliohs free, through the columns of the pub lic prints. "Again. Hoover buttons cost the government $40,000. Mr. Gallinger interrupted here with the exclamation, "Buttons?" Mr. Reed responded, "I will ask the Senator to look at pages 152 ! and 153. Let me read a few of these | items. Whitehead & Hoag Co., [ metal and celluloid buttons, voucher I No. 983, $3,367. The same company j have the following other items un der date of October 26?this Is one day's order, one day's business? $3,083. $3,367. $3,700, $3,700. $3,700 $3,700, $3,700, and $2,479. The ag gregate, as I run it up, is about I $40,000. Now, I wonder how much | of that would have been done if a I man had been spending his own money. Wanu of Barrel's Bottom. "Let me tell you there is a bottom j ? to every barrel; there is an end to every fortune; there is a limit to | the wealth that any nation can pro | duce. The American people in some ' respects are the most conceited peo ple in the world. They have fed themselves 'on their ow? adult-.' ion until they are drunk, I sometimes think, with conceit?and I say this, oft course. kindly. We' have talked about our bravery until there was a great American statesman who actually thought that we could raise an army of a million men overnight; and he was in perfect! good faith. I am not sure but that I have indulged in some of that kind of nonsense myself in the past, but generally I limited it to the Fourth of July or thereabouts. "One of the things that we have been teaching ourselves for the post three years is that we are the rich est nation on earth and that we have so much money that there is no end to It. My brother Senators, let me say to you, that before this war is ended It may be determined by a slight turn of the balance. Clemenceau. the French premier, said the other day that the nation won In a war that could make itself think it was not beaten for a quar I ter of an hour after the other side j realized it was beaten. Before this CONTINUED ON PAGE FOUR. AUSTRIA SUPPRESSES SLAVIC CONVENTION j Delegates Dispersed by Police and Soldiers in Bloody Encounter. Bloody encounters with police an<l soldiers were required to break up a meeting of Southern Slavs asking a national constitution from Aus trla-Hungary# according to advices received at the Croatia. It was at tended by the deputies to the Vien na Relcbsrat, deputies to the former Diet of Bosnia, representatives of the Slavonian People's Party and of the Jugoslav Democratic and Pro gressive parties of Austria, Dalma tla and Croatia. The meeting had Intended forming a constitution for a National Coun cil. But immediately upon the open ing of the meeting by Deputy Ko roscbetz, of the Reichsrat, police, who had surrounded the hall, or dered the meeting to be broken up. This was refused and a delegation appointed to protest to the Gover nor of Croatia against this annoy ance. Thereupon the crowds in the streets joined the demonstrations, threatening the government. Po lice and soldiers charged In the Jell chich Square and in Illtsa street, wounding and arresting large num bers. r Fresh German Peace Move Soon, Swiss Hear London, March IS.?According to the Morning Post's Bern, correspondent, preparations arc being made through the Ger man newspapers and German press agents (or a new politi cal move. The correspondent says It Is possible a fresh peace move is contemplated on the basis of the status quo prior to the war in the West and recognition of the present status in the East. y ARMY INSANE FROM FRANCE COMING HERE Large Addition to Be Built at St. Elizabeth's On account of the number of men tally deranged soldiers expected liaek from France, plans are being drawn for a large addition to St. Elisabeth's* Hospital for the Insane. The proposed building will be one story in height and will be constructed to house about 1,000 Inmates. Although the new building will be on the genera? plan of the structtirss being put up at cantonments, it will be a concrete structure and a perma nent addition to the St. Elisabeth's establishment. It will be erected op posite the main building of the asylum and will form ? part of the Richard son group of build Intc. Ta Be Gentrallzed Plant. The new structure will be a cen tralised plant in itself, having its own dining room, kitchen, and nurses' quarters. A large central reception hall will be erected for the conveni ence of patients confined to their beds and those able to go to the dining room for their meals. A diet kitchen ( will be operated for those patients re quiring special food. ? Most of the mentally deranged sol diers will be medically attended by the c1a.<? of army doctors who are | now being instructed in the treatment of the insane by the supervising phy sicians of St. Elisabeth's. Shell Shocked Not Coming. It is not expected that many cases of shell shock will be brought to the Washington asylum as it is the policy to keep most shell shock cases on the other side. Shell shock does not often involve real mental derangement al though it may easily become chronic if not quickly cured. It has been found In the experience of English and French army physicians, that the moving of shell shock patients from hospital to hospital or transporting them for long distances, delays their ultimate cure and frets them to a greater condition of nervousness. Shell shock patients, if quickly cured, may usually be returned to active duty in their respective regiments. Cases coming to St. Elizabeth's will be of a bona fide insanity, usually of such a severe character that the pa tients, even if cured, will not be re turned to the army. ASKS CONSIDERATION OF DAYLIGHT SAVING Will Save Million Tons Coal a Year, Early passage of the daylight-sav ing bill seemed assured yesterday aft ernoon. Chairman Pou. of the House Rules Committee, announced on the floor that unless unanimous consent were given to consider it immediately a special rule would be brought in. "The daylight-saving idea," said Representative Moore, of Pennsyl vania. in a speech yesterday afternoon, 'originted In the mind of no less a philosopher than Benjamin Franklin. It has attracted the attention of every thinker who has considered how more work could be done under better con HiHnnt " Moore said i.000,000 tons of coal would be saved annually. Say? Moore. Blow Up 400 Towns Says German Paper Declare* It Would Be More Humane to Wipe Out London Than to Let One Teuton Soldier Die. Amsterdam. March 13.?The de struction of *400 English towns by German aeroplanes Is demanded by the Berlin Tages Zeitung "as a re prisal" for the action of the allies In confiscating 400 German mer chant ships. lit a long article on the rabjeet the paper says: "If we are In a position to destroy the whole of London, it would be more humane to do so than to al low one more German to bleed to death on the battlefled. To hesi tate or surrender ourselves to feel I ings of pity would be unpardon able. "More than 400 merchant ships l have been stolen from us by Great Britain. Our answer should be that! for every German ship at least one English town should be reduced to' ruins by our airmen. Far better were it for us that Great Britain,! France and the Unitea States should i call us barbarians than that they should bestow on us their pity | when we are beaten, -goftneas and sentimentality are stupid In warj time.** Senate Approves Action of Conference Committee by Big Vote. DEBATE IS SPIRITED "Outrageously Generous to the Railroads," Says Senator Johnson. The conference report on the ad ministration railroad bill was adopt ed by the Senate lata yeaterday aft ernoon by a rote of 47 to 8. Sen-| atora voting against It were: Borah, of Idaho; Cummins, of Iowa; Gore, of Oklahoma; Gronna. North Dakota! Johnson. California; Kenyon. Iowa; Norrls, Nebraska, and Townaend, Michigan. The House haa yet to act upon the report which concerns tha bill giving the President authority to take over the railroads and operate them and to guarantee them certain compensation. New Matter Rslrf ?st Tha adoption of the report was marked by opposition. In the fore noon the Senate aent the document back to Its makers by a vote of 51 to 23. This was because it was held that new matter had been in jected asalnst a recant rule passed by the upper House. Senator Frclinghuysen made the point that the conference report provided that Statea should not be allowed to increase their taxation of railroad properties. The bill had specifically set forth that the taxing powers of the States should not be afTectcd by the new law. but the conference committee inaerted the tew provision. Vice-President Marshall sus tained the point of order that no new subject matter should be In serted which had not been sanctioned by either House. Senator Frellng huy-en charged that Director-Gen eral McAdoo wished the proviso placed in the report. When the report was brought back to the Senate, late In the aft- | ernoon. Senator Townsend. of Michi gan. a member of the Interstate Commerce Committee, announced he still considered the measure very objectionable. "I think we will regret, he said, "the day when we gave the President such great powers. It's never sary for a republic, t* confer blanket power upon a Chief Executive or a railroad dictator ' ? Sometimes I tfttn* we are oawardl A bill la brought in and an enthusiastic supporter runs up the flag of patriot ism and says. 'You're not with the President." I'd rather be with my country!" Would MkoHuh I. C. C. Senator Lewis, of Illinois, a mem ber of the same committee, said that if he had his way he would abolish the Interstate Commerce Commission, for the reason that complainants had to come all the way to Washington with their grievances, whereas the body giving relief should be adjacent to thcfti. Another speech was made by Senator Cummins, of Iowa, a member of the committee, who voiced objections to the bill. One of these was "unjust, unfair, excessive compensation to cer tain railroads." He also said he be lieved the Interstate Cotnmerce Com mission should not be deprived of any I rate-making power it had before the bill was passed. i *'The plain intent of the bill." he de clared. "is to let the President make the rates. Although I'm anxious to help him. I'd vastly rather let the rail road companies themselves make rates, for they would look forward to the commercial future after the war. and the government can look forward only to the war progress, and what is needful then." Senator Johnson, of California, call ed the bill "unfair and unjust to the people and outrageously generous to the railroads." ^ The conference report shows that the bill was altered so as to allow the Presldept to initiate rates subject to the review of the Interstate Commerce Commission. Railroads are guaran teed a return based on their average operating income for three years end ing June 30. 1917. There is a revolving fund of SSOO.OCO.OOO to purchase rolling stock. Federal control ceases twen ty-one months after peace Is de clared. M'ADOO GIVES AMOUNT OF JUNE CERTIFICATES Total Indebtedness in Treasury Notes Placed at $ 1.255,000,000. The total amount of Treasury In debtedness certificates maturing on June 25. 1918. Is now $1,255,000,000. Secretary McAdoo said yesterday: About $75,000,000 of the certifi cates dated February 15 have been sold to date, and are included In the total. Certificates dated March 15 and maturing June 25, 1918, will be made available rapidly. They draw 4 per cent and are acceptable In payment of Income and excess prof its taxes. They are Identical with the issue dated February 15, except a* to date of issue and from which they bear interest. Until they are available interim certificates will b? issued calling for definitive Treasury cer tiflcates dated March 15, Instead of February 15. This will relieve sub ?cribers from paying so much on ac count of accrued Interest. Russian Ship Crew Refuses to Take Orders An Atlantic ?Port. March IS.?Sixty members of the crew of a steamer lying In this harbor who refused I to work or abey the orders of their superiors have been taken o? the vessel and the Navy Department may take charge of the ship on the ground that it Is a menace to the harbor. . -, The members of the crew, who are Russians, are said to be ?und ents to the doctrines of the Bolshe JAPAN AWAITS 1 REPORTS FROM RUSS SOVIETS Delays Action in Siberian Crisis to Learn Attitude of People. AMERICA "HANDS OFF" Uncle Sam Is Also Await ing Decision on the Question.' Japan will intervene In Siberia as soon as the result of President Wil son's appeal to the Russian 8orleU becomes apparent. Preferably Japan will act with the approval of the So viets. But she will act. If the emer gency demands It. without reference to ( Russian sentiment or lack of senti- i ment at the moment. In her action she will be backed up j by England. France and Italy. If no Russian approval for the scheme is | forthcoming Japan will Issue a pledge i of her altruistic alms. U. S. Remain* Aloof. | The United States, having expressed an advanced opinion, will remain ] aloof. This definite outline of a settlement of the Russo-Japanese problem became current in diplomatic circles here yes terday afternoon. American officials, maintaining their policy of hands off j towards the whole situation, refuse to | discuss it. In entente quarters, how ever, the settlement was described as meeting all the exigencies.' both diplo matic and military. While Washington is without definite information of the message from Lon don to Tokio. reported te have caused , an important meting of the Japanese | foreign advisory council, men who have been in touch with the situation express the belief that the outline i sketched above was the subject of the message. Neither in EnglUh. French nor Ital ian circles has there ever been any disposition to question the actuality of Japan's good faith. But It has been freely admitted that to the propagan da-influenced minds of some of the Russians Japanese action may look very dangerous. The attitude taken by President Wil- j son is accepted as Just the action requisite to allay any Russian sus- ! picions against Japan. American Position Perfect. ; One entente diplomat declared yes- ' terday that the position of the Pres ident is a perfect one. Through his words, both in the friendly repre-j stntationa made to Japan and In Mm mfesaaje to the Russian Soviets lie has written a guaranty that Rus sian interest^ must not and will not 1 be sacrificed. By the refusal of the ! United States to participate In or ! approve of Japanese intervention | he will leave the United States free to enforce this guaranty In the final settlement pf world affairs East and j West. I This guaranty, with a definite col | lateral behind it, is looked to assure the Russians. It is also accepted by the entente representatives here as at least moral backing for action In Siberia by Japan, which they con sider vitally necessary to the mlli | tary needs of the moment. I A new phase of the Japanese | problem was adverted to here yes terday by a diplomat of the entente. This man asserts that there has been "some disposition in some of I the European chancelleries to ques | tion the devotion of Japan to the al I lied cause because of her hitherto in ability to share in actual hostilities. He says that this opportunity for Japan to show her devotion by the desirable use of her armed forces will be welcomed in Europe as an assurance of her adhesion to the allied faith. Reports that Japan is already ne gotiating with the Bolshevikl and evidences of concert between Japan and China, taken with the fact that Japan has not yet acted, though shutting off all news of her inten tions by a rigid censorship of news from Japan, are regarded as sub stantiating the prospects of action I outlined above. SHAKE-UP COMING IN - BRITISH CABINET Chamberlain Likely to Succeed Bal V f?ur as Premier. I London, March 13.?A crisis seems | imminent in the British cabinet and 1 Secretary Balfour's resignation is in directly indicated .by the newspapers j close to Premier Lloyd George by mentioning J. Austen Chamberlain as Mr Balfour's successor. The latter was recently forced to resign as Sec retary of State for India on account I of the scandal In Mesopotamia. Secretary Balfour's interview of an hour or more with the King gives color to the story that he' Is closely j connected with the rumored recon< ! struction of the government. New Monroe Doctrine Backed by 21 Republics Los Angeles. March 13.?Twenty-one republics of the Western hemisphere will subscribe to a new Monroe Doc trine, embracing the cardinal prin ciples already established, and adding additional tenets, according to a state ment by'Dr. Alejandro Alvares, sec retary general of the Institute of In ternational Law and permanent mem ber of the Court of Arbitration at The Hague, who addressed students of a low collegv here. Dr. Alvares said the new doctrine was baaed on the Interpretation of President Wilson's war message of last August as interpreted by the American Institute of International I Law<, KILLED IN SEAPLANE FALL. Ensign Leslie N. MacNaughlon, U. 8. N. R. F? was killed yesterday at Norfolk, Va.. aa a Result of a fall In a seaplane. It was announced tonight by the Navy Department. Mac-Naugh ton's mother, Mrs. Julia Maria Mac Naughton, livea at Fort Edward, N. Y. Reat and Be Well at Grave Park Inn. Asheviile, N. C. Finest resort in the world. No invalids, no chil dren under 1ft?Adv TEUTONS ARE AT GATES OF ODESSA, CUTTING RUSSIANS FROM BUCK SEA, FORGING A RING AROUND RUMANIA WAR CONGRESS LOSING TIME IN LEGISLATION Slow Progress of Essential Measures May Severely Handicap Plans. ' Getting further and further behind 1 In its work, the nation's war-time Congress is reaching a legislative congestion which gives its lesders real alarm. Numerous recent speed-up confer ences, and even requests from the President for haste, have been of no avail. Three great features of the nation's war program are held up, in sddition to an unusual number of important, but small. Hans. They are: Bills Wattla*. First, the full operation of rail- j roads as a national unit, especially i in its financial phases. Second, a reorganisation of execu tive departments to tackle great war problems as a unit. Ttyrd, and most important, the third liberty loan, the terms an* amount of which cannot be decided ; on until Congress shall have passed several measures. In addition, members from agricul-1 tural States declared yesterday that ; if the various bills to aid farmers buy seed on credit, as a measure of stimulating production, were to be of any value, they must be passed within a week, they have lagged all winter. Quorum calls have been necessary two or three times a day. in both Houses, for the past two weeks. A dozen members present tn the Ben ate and thirty or forty in the House has been a fair average. Congressional leaders say the dif ficulty is that members, with the long session ahead of them, believe there Is plenty of time to consider bills at leisure. All have be*n be sieged, too, with greatly increased local business dealing with war contracts, commissions in the army and navy. etc. Delays I.oaa. Spe^d-up conferences have dealt principally with how to clear t*w" way for the next Liberty Loan. Be I fbre he makes a final announcement | of its terms. Secretary McAdoo I thinks it necessary to have the war j financing corporation bill and the administration railroad bill out of the way so that investment markets may be stabilized as far as pos sible. The railroad bill> conference re port which, it was predicted by leaders would be adopted last week, apparently will be postponed now until the present week-end. Skir mishes against it are due in both I Houses. Chairman Sims will urge i its acceptance in the House today. Although a "preferred position" has been given by the House to the finance corporatioTi bill. Democratic Leader Kitchin does not expect its passage until next week. Then con ferences between the two branches must follow. Other important bills on the wait | ing list are the two food bills?the ! so-called "rationing" and the price fixing?and the omnibus water power measure asked by President Wilson. Only one of the great appropria tion bills, the urgent deficiency ! bill, which will total KO.OOO.OOO. I 000. has even been considered. Chinese Kidnappers Trapped by Troops ! Pekin, March 13.?The whereabouts of the American engineers. Pursell and Nyl, has been learned and the bandit** who kidnapped them last week near Yesh-Sien, in the province of Hunan, have been surrounded by Chinese sol diers. A Pekin dispatch dated March S re i ported the capture of the engineers by , Chinese bandits while an enginering party was on its way to inspect a pro posed railway site in the province of j Hunan. American Boys Tested Marksmanship on Huns Paris War Office Reports Artillery Fire Was Intense, With Hits Scored on Ammuntion \ * ? Dumps Back of Line. London, March 13.?The Paris war office in its communique today laid stress upon the increasing intensity of the American artillery fire at sev eral vital points. It announced the | destruction by American shell fire of j five groups of German gas projectors that were about to be used in at-1 tacks on the American positions. ; Hits were scored by American bat- I terles on German ammunition dumps1 and conflagrations were observed a I considerable distance back of the German lines. The occupants of an enemy airplane that had fallen in the | Chemin des Dames sector are now prisoners in American hands. Gum Dnrla Rare. The big gun duels at Verdun,con tinue unabated. On the British front there was lively raiding activity, both j Field Marshal Haig and the Berlin war office reporting successes. A large-scale raid into the French lines netted the Germans ninety prisoners, the German statement averts, while twenty-three English and Portuguese prisoners were taken in enterprises east of Zormebecke and west of Formelles. The British on their part repulsed a Germin sortie at Armenticres and made a successful raid north of Lens. The lierman guns replied to day to yesterday's British bombard ment of Cambrai and also were active in front of the Paschendaele Ridge. Getting Lively. Altogether the situation on the whole West front is increasingly lively, and talk of the beginning of the spring campaign is consistent ly in the air. It is accentuated by continual aerial activity extending far back to the rear of both sides of the fighting line. The allies as well as the Germans have begun a syste matic campaign of "interior" raid ing, taking into account the lesson of the first three years of war, and the people's morale and nerves are the most essential factor for the ul timate success. The German raids on Faris and London are in line with this policy as arc the entente attacks on im portant cities such as Coble ns and Treves. Berlin asserted today that seventeen entente airplanes and two captive balloons were brought down by the Germans yesterday. I - European Capitals All Agog with Rumors and Gossip of a New Dr~ma Now Opening on Eastern Front. ' RUMANIA IS FORCED TO AID By Peace Treaty She Agrees to Further Transport of Central Powers' Troops With All Her Strength. Amsterdam, March 13.?Odessa, the biggest shipping center of what was up to a year ago today the Russian empire, the funnel through which drains the great granary of the Muscovite "black-earth" belt, is tonight virtually in the hands of the Teutons. German and Austro-Hungarian cavalry patrols late today were reported to have en tered the city. In the afternoon Berlin had triumphantly announced to the world: "German and Austro-Hungarian troops are before Odessa." MAY LOCATE THREE-IN-ONE HOUSES IN D.C. Connecticut Ave. Citizens Have New Suggestion for Housing Problem. As ? remedial measure for the hous I ing problem, "three-in-one" apart ment houses were proposed at a meet ing of the Connecticut Avenue Clti sens' Association last nichl* in the assembly' hall of the Army and Navy Prep SchooL A group of these apartments will probably be located opposite the en trance of the Bureau of Standards. v> hi oh is located on Connecticut ave nue, midway between the Connecticut Avenue Bridge and Chevy Chase Cir cle. A committee will be named hy Pres ident W. B. Westlake and Mkructed to look into the plans for report on the feasibility of erecting such struc tures to help out in the housing prob lem. The "three-in-one*' feature of these up - to - date apartments. consists largely in disappearing furniture, which hides in the walls. Beds are hidden during the day when the one-room apartment may be u**ed as a sitting room. In the late afternoon, tables ? an be abstracted from a hiding place in the wall, and the sitting room becomes a dining hall. At night, come forth the beds from their hiding, and the three in one feature is complete. Consolidation of the two District street railway lines was favored in a resolution presented by A. K. Dowel 1. and adopted unanimously. Other features of tl?e same resolu tion were condemnation of the prej* ent packing, jamming, and crowding on the street cars as unhealthy and unsanitary, and a protest against the raise in street car fare to straight * cents per ride. The meeting was well attended and Sixteen new members were admitted. U. S. ENVOY QUITS JASSY. The American and allied legation staffs have left Jassy for Odessa, with assurances of safe conduct from the King of Roumania. Their departure had been delayed by the Austrian government, despite an agreement that they could go. Hew Drama Follows TragHy. With the Teuton entry into thia port, which cuts off Russia from the Black Sea as she hss Juat been cut off from the Baltic, opens a new' drama in the world's history, with it at the same time closing one ot the great tragedies of the world war?the tragedy of Rumania. The Rumanians themselves have been forced to ring the curtain oa their economic, political and mili tary independence, for they had to aid and abet the creation of tbi* Teuton outpost for expansion into the Far Hast, an outpost in Ru mania's rear, completing the "iron ring" around the ill-fated kingdom. Teat of Treaty. Here is the stipulation in psrs graph 7 of the peace "treaty." which Rumania was forced to sign and which is fulfilled by the Teuton oc cupation of Odessa: "The Rumanian government v? dertakea to support with sll ? it* strength the transport' of troops of the centrsl powers through Held* via and Bessarabia to Odessa " 1 ossibilities of tremendous im port for the future course of the whole war open up with todaj. ? news from Berlin which follows upon the recent semi-official boa*-' : "We have acquired a direct free route via Russia to Persia and Af ghanistan." Only now does it become plain why Austria-Hungary, only a few weeks ago so emphatic in her assertion tha: she mould take no hand in further operations in the Ipast. changed he1 mind and is now (.Jermany's active and ?Hjual partner in the new enterprise. Whatever fruits it is expected to bring forth. Vienna desires its share; tnr Berlin told her in ho many mords. "If , you would reap you must help sow.** The passing of Odessa into Teuton ? hands into the sphere of Teuton in I flu^nces means; \\ hat < apt ure Mr an*. For the present: ?'ompleiion of the straight military line across all Rus sia from the Baltic at Xarva (til miles from Petrogradt to the Black Sea. control not only of the resources ot the Ukraine but of the hulk of Rus sia's grain stores; of the vast ex port trade of Russia** southern prov inces; completion of the "lion ring** around Rumania, with the consequent .absolute control of the whole course or the I>anube. ! For the immediate future: Conversion of the Black Sea into a Turco-Teuton lake; dismantling an^ possible seizure, either by threat or force, of Russia's Black Sea fleet: oc cupation of or separate bargain or the Crimea, which established itselt as an independent republic Jan. SI. This important peninsula is infested with grand dukes and self-exiled Rus sian landowners mho were pillar's or the Cxar's regime and mho would re joice in making? a deal with the Teu tons that would save their estatea. The 1 Itlmate Fat ore. K^?r the ultimate future: i Incorporation of the Russian I Black Sea fleet in the Turkish navy. i and a possible dash into the Medl j terrsnean. supported by s stroti j fleet of U-boats, jointly with a las drive in Macedonia, and lastly ^ ' German land drive into the Far 1 by way of Batum. In Trana | casia (which m as tsken from Ri I at Brest Litovsk and given to I key). Baku, across the Caapii 'to Krasnovodsk. in Turk*| [through Morv. to the border of I ghanistan. thus threatening 'indidn empine. or through Tehe | across Central Persia to Tsphahi | And thence to Shi rax. to the Indh CONTINUED ON PAG* TWO. SHOP FIRE BLAMED | UPON ENEMY SPIES [iron Plant at Hagerstown Wa? Working for U. S. Hagerotown, Md . M?'Ch U. ? A i mysterious fire, believed "to have been started by German spies, badly dam aged the engine and boiler room of the New York Central Company's plant here between 1 and 2 o'clock this morning. The company had been working on munition orders for th^ government. The Are was discovered by the crew of a Cumberland Valley Railroad ? - gine, who fought the flame* iint4 *..<? arrival of the flre depnrtirem The Are spread to th^ wood en te ,er on the building, and the blast ?uld b? seen for mile# The lira was Tenanted from reaching a quantity ??f inflam mable material stored ne by, an* the destruction of the * Jre pis*' prevented. Company oftM ils su?p the firs mas the work at ?rwmwa.