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befof* breakfast far 30 Telephone Main 3300. NO. 4176. WEATHER?CLOUDY; WARMER. WASHINGTON. D. C.. TUESDAY. APRIL 2. 1918. The herald h*. 30.000 boo. 90% Washington. Advertiser* use it for today'* ONE CENT === HUNS RETREAT AS DRIVE WEAKENS; 70,000 WAR WORKERS THREATEN STRIKE YARD AND AVIATION MECHANICS AT PIG POINT AND BK BLUFF OCT; NEW YORK MARINE WORKERS NEXT Marine Affiliation Debates Walk-out Todlay for Four Hours in Metropolis in Fight for Increased Pay. Not Fighting U. S. New York, April I.?Marine workers at the port of New York to the number of about 70,000 will strike tomorrow unless their de mands for an increase in pay are granted by their employers, it was decided today at a meeting of the Marine Affiliation. The meeting debated the proposed strike for more than four hours. The threatened strike will de pend upon the outcome of a con ference tomorrow morning be tween a delegation sent by the Marine Affiliation and former Gov. Bass, of New Hampshire, who is head of the National Ad justment Commission of the United States Shipping Board. The conference will be attended by eighteen men from the Marine Affiliation, three from each of the six organizations which will be affected. Quarrel la With Ca^o)?rt. Included among those threatened to strike are tidewater boatmen, marine engineers, pilots and members of the International Union of Longshore men. The quarrel of the men is not with the Federal government, ft was de clared. but with their employers. The New \or* wage scale ad justment commission, it was said, had been entirely fair, and had the dry dock and other employes of the port obeyed the instructions of the adjustment commission, there would have been no talk of a strike, mem bers of the marine affiliation said. "If at tomorrow's conference Mr. Bass agrees to compel the employ er# to obey the orders already is sued by the New York Wage Scale Adjustment Committee." said a member of the marine affiliation tonight, "the men will continue their work. 9hould no such assur ance be given a general strike will begin without further notice. It was through no fault of the men that the employers ignored the or der of the adjustment commission." Would Tie-up Transportation. The threatened strike. It was as sorted tonight by shipping men. would tie up marine transportation at this port. Incoming and outgo in? vessels would be affected. Ship ment of troops, of food Hupplles to the American and the allied armies would be stopped. Such a strike at this time, when America is bending effort to in crease her output of men and ma terials urgently needed in Europe, would be nothing short of a calam ity. in the opinion of many. CHICAGO DOCTOR HERE FOUND SHOT IN ROOM J. L Buckley Believed a Suicide Through Brooding on War. Brooding over the war is believed by the police to have led to the death of James Edward Buckley. 1337 street northwest, who was found dead In his room yesterday afternoon, from a self-inflicted bul let wound in the temple. Buckley had not been seen since Saturday. A woman boarder at the house told the police that she thought she had heard a shot about 4 o'clock, ye^erday morning, but was not sure. The condition of the body showed that the man had been dead about IS hours. According to the police, the dead mln had been nnder surveillance by amenta from the Department of Justioe for the last few days. A note to Coroner Nevitt was found In Buckley's coat asking the coroner to have his body cremated and his aahes scattered over the Potomac. An unsigned check, on the Rlggs Bank for $85 to cover cremation expenses, accompanied the note. The dead man. according to the police, is well known as a physician in Chicago. Irish Conscription, Never, Nationalist Leader Cries London. April 1.?Speaking at a meeting at East Tyrone on Sunday. Joseph Devlin, Nationalist member of Parliament for the west division of Belfast, declared that as long as Its members had breath In their bodies th? Irish party would never permit the application of sonscrtption in ire* land. Nephew of Dial Die*. New York. April ! -Ignaclo De La Torrey Mler. nephew of former Presi dent Diaz, of Mexico, died of pneu monia In a sanitarium here today ased 51. Mler's career Immediately \ following the deposition of Diaz was eventful. lie was captured by both ( irrans^and Gen. Zapata. REQUISITIONS EQUIPMENT OF DUTCH SHIPS President Disregards Hol land's Protest Against Seizure of Vessels. u. S. WITHIN RIGHTS i Will Allow Return of Boats Sent Here for Food Cargoes. I Undeterred by tha sherp tone of ithe Dutch official statement on the 1 requisitioning of Netherlands ?blp? ! by the United States. President Wil son yesterday signed an executive order taking over all of the tackle. I equipment, coal and stores on board ? the requisitioned vessels. As in the case of the ships, the order provides that full compensation shell be paid to the Dutch owners of the Inct dentals. The reply of Holland on the re quisitloning of the ships will not alter the determination of the United States to use the ships as It deems best. Officials here expressed some surprise at the tone of the Dutch answer. One official declared It descended to personalities rather tl?n made any argument on the law or equity of ?the case. oarials hi CMfereaee. The form of the reply which the tUnited states will now make has I not been determined. The lines It 1 will follow were well mapped out at a series of conferences yester day. Vance McCormick. chairman of the War Trade Board, after a lengthy visit from August Phillips. Netherlands Minister here, conferred with officials at the State Depart ment and later, it is believed, with the President himself. The Dutch reply was officially communicated to the United States, It was announced at the State De partment yesterday. It was handed to Mihister John W. Garrett at The Hague with the announcement that it was to be published In the of ficial gasette. May Carry; Jlualtloas. So far as any officials here could ascertain yesterday there is no basis in international law for the Dutch as sertion that the ships of a neutral nation on masse cannot he diverted to billigerent use in necessity. Hol land. it is pointed out. admits In her published statement that she was un der German pressure. She admits that Germany refused to agree to the sailing of a Dutch ship from a Dutch port for every similar vessel permit ted to' sail to Holland from the Unit ed 8tates. This amounted, in the view of officials here, to a threat to torpedo Dutch vessels If they submit COJiTIXCED ON PAGE TWO. STANDARD OIL GRANTS MEN RAISE OF 10% New Jersey Corporation Increases Refining Plant Pay Roll. New York. April 1.?The Standard Oil Company, of New Jersey, tonight granted all of Its refinery plant em ployes a flat wage increase of 10 per cent from today. First class brick layers and watchmen will be given only a 5 per cent increase. The re cent raise to lead burners will exclude these. The general Increase will affect more than 80,000 employes. It will ultimately be extended to the sub sidiary corporation, the Standard Oil Company, of Louisiana. $200,000,000 GOAL IN W. S. S. THIS WEEK Boosters Hope to Reach Total Be fore Loan Opens. Two hundred million dollars' worth of war savings securities Is the goal of the National War Savings Com mittee this week. They hope to have reached that total in stamps, at ma turity value, before the Third Lib erty Loan campaign opens. In March, cash receipts from sales of stamps reached 154.000,000, and the total sales to date are almost 1150. 000.000. War savings boosters will co-operate with the liberty loan workers, and It 1s expected sales of war stamps will boom during the loan campaign. U-Boab Hold Up Tea Skip*. Madrid. April 1.?Ten large trans Atlantic steamships are lying idle in various harbors of Spain on account of the submarine menace, having can celed their sailings for America. Rest sad Be Well at Grave Park Inn. Ashevjlle, N. C. Finest resort in the world. No InvalMs, no chil dren under 10.?Adv. Every Trade in Ship Con struction at the Norfolk Yards on Strike?400 Aviation Workers Go Out in Sympathy. Norfolk, Va., April I.?Five thousand mechanics went on strike late today at Big Point and Big Bluff. The strikers represent prac tically every trade employed in shipyard construction work. They demand a wage increase. Four hundred mechanics em I ployed at the Langlcy Aviation Field works declared a sympa j thetic strike also. The Federal government, it was reported semiofficially tonight, is likely to take drastic action to morrow to force the strikers to resume work if they hftve then failed to return voluntarily. "The strike is unAmerican," de clared Admiral Harris. He said the men had been assured their demands for wage increase would be met if they gave the govern ment a reasonable time in which to act, but that they had refused to wait. ?*ln-Aiierftr?a,*' Says Admiral. Admiral Harris itated that he would not help organised -labor un less it played fair with the govern ment Demands May Re Graated. Demands of carpenters and Join ers engaged In war worfc at Norfolk, Va., are liksly to be planted, accord in* to Shipping Board officials here yesterday. They say that the de mands of the men for 62 cents an hour for an eight-hour work day are lower than the increases already allowed In Southern 'shipyards gen erally. The carpenters and Joiners had vot ed to walk out yesterday unless their demands were met. Local officials of the army. navy. Shipping Board and I^al>or Department comprise a special commission which is attempt ing to adjust the matter. It is understood that a similar strike is threatened in New York also. While officials here are without any word on the situation, it was said a close watch would be kept on develop ments. The threatened strikes will not con flict with the terms recommended by the Labor Conference Board Satur day. This was made clear yesterday by officers concerned. It was pointed out that the report was in effect only a recommendation, and subject to rat ification by the President, Secretary of Labor, and labor officials before becoming effective. The interpreta tion here is that the men are not vio lating any tenets of the program by their action at this time. NEW YORK GAMBLER KILLED BY GUNMEN Hary Cohen Meets Death for "Squealing" to Authorities. New York, April 1.?Harry Cohen, alias Harry Coen. alias Harry Katz, alias "Harry the Yot," gambler and pickpocket, burglar, known to the police as one of the cleverest work ers In the world, was shot and in stantly killed today in a reception room on the ground floor of his apartment hoilse. The murderer of Cohen escaped. Like Herman Rosenthal, who had given information regarding gam bling to Gov. (then district attor ney) Whitman in 1912, Cohen had been "squealing" to District Attor ney Swann, because, as he said, certain high and mighty hotel gamblers, who had been *zoning the city into gambling districts, had given him a "raw deal." Joseph Edine, the negro elevator boy, who chased Cohen's slayer, identified Morris Rothenberg, 26, a bartender, arrested late tonight, as the man he had pursued from the apartment house. HOOVER WONT MIX IN BAKERS' STRIKE Leaves Kansas City Controversy for Labor Department to Settle. Herbert C. Hoover, tbe Food Ad ministrator. yesterday refused to in terfere with the bakers' strike In Kansas City. Mo., after an appeal had been made to him by bakers on the ground that 500,000 person^, faced a bread famine. Representations were made to him by the Nafzeiger Baking Company, and the Consumers Bread Company, that the bakers were out in sympathetic strike. Mr. Hoover wired that he was powerless to Inter fere and that the Board of Concilia tion of the Labor Department was in vestigating the situation. Treasury Guard Man Dies. Hartford. April 1,-Patrlck J. lloran. organizer of the treasury guard sys tem at Washington and a veteran of the civil war. la dead bera after a ion* illness. Military Outbreak Tereate, April I <1 c. 1.) A dispatch treat Qaehee aaye a battle haa kMi ftafht la ?t. Rtele, la the lower part at the ? tawa, aad that three el villa a* j hare heea killed, Salpera are i ?aid ta he Irlac at the Military frees wladows. A d la patch tied at ?ldal*ht from Qaebee aaya It leeha like the opcalng of elvl war. MaJ. (iea. Lauard aaya that the alt- 1 eatlea la aew tee aerleas far dlaeaaalea. GEN. PERSHING ORGANIZES BIG FIGHTING UNIT First U. S. Army Corps in France Probably Includes Rainbow Division. IS RESERVE FORCE Gen. Bliss Aids Allies in Forming Plans for Battle. Gen. Pershing has organized the First Army Corps of the Expedition ary Forces, according to advises re ceived by the War Department The First Corps ia now actio* in concert with the French against the left flank of the German efenisve. An American army corps consists of from two to six divisions. For mili \ tary reasons it% is improper to give ' the cxact strength of the First Corps. 1 As a division consists of approximate ly 2S.OOO men it is no secret that Gen. Pershing has assigned more han two divisions to the corps. The corps is under the command of a widoly known general who formerly commanded one of the divisions of which the corps is made up. It is understood that the I American forces are being sent into action in two columns. Aet I'ader Gea. Fech. Although under the direction of Gen. Foch, orders to the columns I will be sent through Gen. Pershing, who is In close touch with the new general headquarters established by the French generalissimo. Gen. Bliss is aiding in the formation of the allies* defensive and offensive programs. The divisions making up the First Army Corps are known here, but the War. Department as yet has not identified them. There is every rea son to believe that one of the units of the corps is the famous Rainbow Division, made up of National Guardsmen from' every State in the Union. This division was among the first to arrive in France and has finished its training course back of the lines. Although some experts have held that National Guard units would not present the .fighting strength possessed by national army divisions, it is stated on good au^ thority that the men of the Rain bow Division acquitted themselves so well in the training camps of France that they were included in the role of the First Corps. Heavy Caaaaltles Expeeted. The entrance of the corps to the open field fighting zone will result in the heaviest casualty list since this country entered the war. For this reason, if for no other, the use of the Rainbow Division at this time is con sidered a wise step. It is pointed out that the war will be brought home to the nation as a whole more vividly if the first causualty lists name men from every section of th^ country. But inasmuch as the news of losses by any community is concealed from the geneml public through the pub lication of names without addresses, it is also pointed otit that National Guard units will not be used in the opening efforts of the American forces unless those units are in every way the equal of the regulars and the national army men. The exact part which the Ameri can forces will play in the French offensive is not known. Army offi cers here believe the corps will either take over part of the trench lines held by the French in order to relieve the latter for service on the fighting front, or that they will be moved to the Picardy battle field to support the French counter offensive blows. The majority of the army officers are inclined to the belief that the Americans will be used as reserves, but will be.rush ed against the Germans in the event the French counter drives force the invaders to fall back on any con siderable front. $300,000 DAMAGE BY SEASHORE FIRE Atlantic City. April 1.?Fire origi nating In the Oliver H. Guttridge four-story brick building, in tie center of a block bounded by 8outh Carolina avenue and Tennessee avenue, on At lantic avenue, the resort's main street, early today, swept & hall block to Tennessee avenue, destroy ing eight business buildings and do ing <300,000 ilinw, SLAUGHTER OF HUN STILL ON; BAKER HURRYING TO ITALY 4 : t U. S. War Secretary Expected Home Shortly to Speed Up Military Activi ties-All Reports Show Steadily Im proving Conditions?To Rush Major Part of National Army to France Before First of August. President Wilson yesterday tentatively accepted an invi tation to make a war speech at Baltimore next Saturday on the occasion of the opening of the Third Liberty Loan drive. Secretary of War Newton D. Baker will return to Wash ington from France immediately after making a hurried trip ! to Italy, to bring first-hand information concerning necessities imperative to the defeat of Germany. Maj. Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, representative of the United States on the Inter-allied War Council, and Maj. Gen. John J. Pershing, commanding the expeditionary forces, both cabled i that the situation on the Western front was steadily improving. Executive orders were , issued which will ^>lace in France, j or en route by August 1, all troops now in the cantonments of I this country. Less than 15 per cent will be retained for train ing purposes. To facilitate the overseas movement. President Wilson pressed for an immediate statement from the French and British authorities as to what percentage of supplies can be eliminated to make available additional shipping. V ALL, REPORTS ENCOURAGING. ^ This summarizes the war news as centered at the White House yesterday. The spirit with which orders were given and executed indicated steadily increasing encouragement. The calling list was again cut to the lowest possible minimum consistent with the transaction of official business. All important happenings on the battle front get the immediate attention of the President. The plans for greater participa tion are accelerated by passing through his hands. Secretary Baker's messages indicated he thought it wise to return ; at once in order to give the War Department and supply bureaus the benefit of the information he has gathered. The President is under stood to have replied with an urgent request that the contemplated trip to Italy be not abandoned. Italy is regarded by the President as one of the great sufferers of the war. It is said to be his desire that no incident occur which the Italian people could consider a lack of courtesy. From Italy Mr. Baker is expected to go back to Paris for a final conference with Maj. Gen. Bliss and members of the war council. It is not permissible to give the approximate dale the Secretary of War is expected back in Washington. CONTINUED OX PAGE FIVE. "They Cannot Break Through" is Key note of Allied Armies?Enemy Con tinues a "Hacking" Drive, Making Supreme Sacrifices to Gain Amiens. London Hears Rumor of Withdrawal of Allied Forces from Macedonia. London, April I.?The end of the day on which Hinden burg had boasted his army would be in Paris see* the great I German wedge in Picardy encased on both sides by walU of granite and its spearhead badly battered on one side, while desperately "craning" forward on the other, taking fearful punishment. The Prussian eagle's wings are as if tie<i fast, unable even to make the slightest fluttering move. They are in great danger of being momentarily clipped. Meanwhile the "beak" is des perately hacking away towards Amiens. The twelfth day oTthe battle brought the Germans only significant gains in this "hack ing" movement, but netted them a bloody harvest of losses. With the fatalistic persistency of a losing gambler, Hin denburg is hurling mass after mass in the center on the front between Montdidier and Marcelcave, which has the ominously significant length of some thirteen miles. He pursues, despite the indescribable blood bath in which thousands upon thousands of his best fighting men have been suffocated during the ten days of the win-or-lose tussle, the same aim which he set out but failed to gam on the violent sweep?Sfcparal.on of die French and British armies. TAKING LAST DESPERATE CHANCE. Paralyzed on both sides, foiced to dig in where he had intended to roll up the allied wings, he still hopes to penetrate further and further in the center, reach Amiens, cut the Paris-Calai? railroad and automatically release his flanks from the grip in which they are now held. In the marshy angle betwen the Avre River and the Luce Brook he is throwing new divisions into combat as a last desperate chance. All day long the carnage raged on this fron', and it continued throughout the night. Despite their small gains made during the last twenty-four hours, the Germans are farther away from Amiens than they were three days ago after the capture of Meziera, which they have since lost. Their center faces the big strategic railhead in a semicircular shape, the nearest point still being ten miles to the southeast of Amiens. Time, the greatest ally in this critical battle, has enabled the British to take every possible measure of precaution, ! to regroup their forces and bring up fresh troops and nore guns, "They cannot break through" is the keynote of every dispatch fron I the front roNTi\rF.n ox iivt NATION'S EYES ON ELECTION IN WISCONSIN Both Parties Claim They Will Win Senate Vic tory Today. Milwaukee, Wis., April 1.?Repre j sentative Lenroot. Republican, and ' Joseph E. Davies, Democrat, oame into the homestretch of the Sena torial race tonight running neck and neck for the seat made vacant 'by the death of Senator Paul Hust ing. Last-minute reports have only further complicated the most cha otic and tangled situation in the political history of the State. Both sides claim victory, the Republicans by 50,000 and the Democrats by 30,000, but the most seasoned Ob servers admit that anything is pos sible except the victory of Victor L. Berger, the Socialist, now under indictment for disloyalty. The result is in the hands of the two extreme wings of the Repub lican party. If Davies wins he will be elected by the ultra-loyalist Re publican votes. If Lenroot wins it will be because he has held the ma jority of the anti-war pro-German vote registered at the primaries for James C. Thompson, the La Fol lette candidate. Party lines have been shattered out of recognition. Mr. Davies ai\d several of his workers, including Bainbridge Col by, former Progressive leader, held final rallies for the Democratic can didate here tonight. Claims that Irvine Lenroot. the Republican candidate, will be elected United States Senator at the special election In Wisconsin tomorrow were made last night by Republican Sen ators and members of Congress who have been helping Lenroot in his campaign. The probable majority es timated for Lenroot by his party leaders here ranges from 28,000 to 40,000 CQKTIMCED OX PAGE FIT* 1 LINER "CELTIC" TORPEDOED; ALL LIVES BELIEVED SAVED Scant Reports Indicate Big ^white Star Boat Brought Ashore by Othfer Vessels in War Zone Close by?Pass^figers Mainly Brit ish?Official Washington Without News. New York. April I.?Hie White Star liner Celtic has been torpedoed, according to a cablegram received late today by officials of the line. The message read: "Celtic torpedoed. Hope to save ship." No additional information had baen received tonight. It' was assumed by officials that they would have been notified had there been loss of life. The Celtic, one of the largest and most popular of the | trans-Atlantic liners, was built in 1901. She is 680 feet long, with a 75-foot beam and depth of 44 feet. DOUBT IF SHIP CARRIED AMERICANS. No report had been received up to a late hour last night by the War and Navy departments giving details of the torpedoing of the British steamship Celtic. As the Celtic sailed under British colors, it is assumed that all I reports of the U-boat attack have been sent to the British admiralty. Officials here had no information of any American passengers aboard the vessel, but asserted that if reports received through British sources were correct few lives had been lost. It is understood here that vessels in the war zone reached the Celtic soon after she was torpedoed and that they succeeded in saving her. % Aviator Killed in Fall. Wichita, K&ns., April 1.?Lieut By ron Jackson was Instantly killed to day when the machine In wblcb he fx doing a tall spin fell. Another instructor In the rear seat escaped with Injuries. Jackson's home was in San Francisco. - ? . ?- ?..? -i. i Pigeon Racer for War Serrice. Tonkers, N. T.. April 1.?Edmund Bennett, an expert In pigeon racing, has been released from draft to the national army and has enlisted in the Signal Corps. He will handle carrier pigeons as diapatch carriers on the French battle frost. * '?.,tf $250,000 FUND FOR CAMP GIRL REFORMATION President Allots Sum for Houses of Correction in States. Precedent Wilson yesterday appio priated to ba uaed in con structing additional reformatory fa cilities and houses of detention for delinquent women and girls found near military camps. The amount was appropriated by the President from the emergency fund at his disposal and will spent in the South under the direction of th* War Department Commission on Training Camp Activities. The appropriation of the sum Vr the commission will be conditional upon each State appn pristine amount equal to its allotment for use In construct in* the reformatory ? and detention houses; the State wf! be required to npree to finish the building' within a year. FeMlIck Annoaneri Plaa*. T'nder plans announced last night h* Raymond B. Fosdick. chairman of the commission, the women will be leap* In the reformatories from one to three years, until they are completely re habilitated. Best of medical care an?l attention will be afforded the women. Mr. Fosdick said, and they will be re quired to attend educational classes for training along industrial lines. Recauae of the large number of camps located in the South the com mission announced the entire amount will be spent in that section. Cot tages. accommodating from 90 to women each, will be added to several existing state reformatories, and 1? other places complete new establish ments will be built. ( impa L.?re far Waatea. South Carolina, which has appro priated land and money for conetruc tion or a reformaton. for women neat Columbia, so far if the only State IB CONTINUED <*> PAG* PTV&.