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" AN enemy who has grossly abused the power of organized government and who seeks to dominate the world by the might of fas sword, challenges the rights of America
** and the liberty and life of all the free nations of the earth. Our brave sons are facing the fire of battle in defense of the honor ami rights of America and the liberty of nations. To sustain them and to assist our gallant associates in the war, a generous and patriotic people haue been called upon to subscribe to the ? " Liberty Loan. ? .*. Y Let the nations response to the Third Liberty Loan express in unmistakable term* the determination of America to fight for ?eace. th . f . ?? trr/\rii>n/\w; WMI P/NX! 1 ? 1 .? ? l I t tnnrknm/ r-^ > * r m y s / ?" ?"?????^ ?" manent peace of justice."?WOODROW WILSON in his proclamation setting aside today as LIBERTY DAY. Third e per For God and Liberty ERALD NO. 4200. WEATHER?Ckmdy >nd Warn. WASHINGTON. D. C. FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 191S. ONE CENT EJ?U?i? "The Star-Spangled Banner in Triumph Shall Wave" ? aa>. ru? )-?iti ?ce. Uy lb<- dawa'? Wkat ?a ttim?tf we anilrd at the tolMarbt'? la*t vKlriiamiaKf _?___ _ Tbeae photograph? were po*ed excluaively for Maa?e hruad >lrl?n >ai ?rt*l?. THE WASHINGTON HERAI.I? ...^ thrwmKk -?, .*?,.?, MISS GERALDINE FARRAR. _ ??*'? the noted operatic atar, aa ?he sans ? *? ???? raaapart? ?t wateaed. the national anthem. were ?a caliaarlj atrcaaUaat! WILSON BUYS BONDS; RUTH LAW WILL FLY President Makes Pledge (or Patriotic Third Loan Is sue to Aid Work ef D. C. Campaigners. - I f ?I'resident Wilson last night, on the ? ?ve ot Liberty Day. set an example for the entire country when he pledged himself to so early this morning and complete the purchase or ?.000 worth of Third Liberty Loan bonds. Seeead Perefcaae. The pledge, made by the Chief Ex- | acutive at Keith's Theater last night. was the second- purchase of bonds made by him during the present cam paign and was the forerunner of acores of others at the performance. The Treasury Department, in a atatament issued last night, frankly admits ita dependence upon the pa triotism of every individual of the nation In making the loan a success. Reporta received at the department are discouraging. The loan is not be ing subscribed at the daily rate nec essary to reach evjn the minimum- of ??.000.000.000 aaked for by the govern ment to aid in backing up the Ameri can boys in the trenches who ere fac ing the Hun machine guns and can non. America must subscribe to tart loan and make It a success. Washington still had $3.500.000 to go before its quota would be sub scribed when the official figures -wer? announced yesterday by the local loan committee. Every posai ble effort was made last night by speakers and members of the com *aiiitee to get that amount and the intensive drive will be continued today In a final effort to place an Honor flag at the head of the Lib erty Day parade this afternoon. When the official figures were Announced yeaterdey, total sub scription? in the District were J9. ltt.7S0. and at the close of busi ness last night reliable estimates placed the amount still to be raised before the quota was filled at more (ban tl.600.o00. Official figures for the whole coun try, announced last night by the Treasury Department, showed that only ? per cent of the minimum of S3.WO.000.000 needed, or ?,!??,7?.060. bad been subscribed. Minneapolis Federal Resene dis trict has taken and held the lead for the entire country with 107 per cent of its full quota subscribed and now has I113.09s.130 to Its credit. The Re serve district of SL Louis h?? a larg er total. tUa.176,900 worth of bonds bought, bot with a larger quota, falls behind Minneapolis, with lot per cent of Its quota subscribed. The Richmond district, la which Washington la locatesi, still stands eleventh among the twelve districts of the country, with only a* per cent ? It? quota subscribe?!. New York. expected to be one of (he strongholds of the campaign, has subscribed only U per cent of Its quota. Atlanta ?Usata last, with less than one-third ef the amount aaked of It bought ?cores ef meetings were held/ksat OOMifeUtaV 911 MAC ZwIA. Famous Aviator Will Prove Prowess of Women by Aerial Stunts as Feature of Local Demonstration. Ruth I.aw. America'? greatest avi;? trlx, who is billed for a star part to day in the District drive to oversub scribe its quota for the liberty loan. in a sensational "try-out" of her Cui t?is aeroplane late yesterday att. , noon, did everything with her ma chine almost, but collect fares iti tv trolley cars of the Capitol Traction Company, and ahe nearly did that. Tries It Oat. Yesterday's pre-debut ofvMiss Law as a liberty bond stimulator here was intended for the purpose of testing the motor of her plane prior to her "real" stunts today, but taking into consideration all the tricks whi.h the little aviatrix did on the Ellipse and the main artery of the Capital ye5*er day. It's hard to see how this after noon's shosv could possibly have any thipg "on" that of yesterday's. Getting under way quickly a few minutes after 6 o'clock ,yesterday from the west end of the Ellipse, ?Miss Law di-ove hfer machine east ward at a low elevation well be yond Fifteenth street, when she turned It backward towards the Ellipse again and began a series of gyrations, which took the huge crowd gathered below off Its feet. The spiral dive, the somersault and the side-long sommersault were made In rapid succession, one of the most inter, sting maneuvers be ing the encircling of the Monument, from its apex to within ten feet of ( the ground. | Shortly before Miss Law ascend ed, a British biplane came into view directly over the Ellipse which was straightway Joined by the woman aviator once she had gained the air. When the former opened up her bag of tricks to the be wilder meat of the onlookers, the English driver did the same and an Im promptu aerial contest of skill was the result. Feata Darlas;. After Miss Law's repertoire of tricks was thought to be nearly ex hausted, she drove suddenly eastward from the grounds out towards Penn sylvania avenue. Going low, she went as far as Tenth and the Avenue, turned about, came down to about an elevation of fifteen feet and then swooped up that boulevard just a hair above the roofs of the electric cars. Fron a distance It looked as though Misa Law was atop the cars. High passing auto trucks and buildings were likewise shaven by the darin!; aviatrix who seemed Intent on show ing official Washington -that her real place Is above the European fronts where her "shaving" ef the- Hun'? race might be closer still. Coming back again to. the. Ellipse. from Fifteenth street. Miss Law all but tipped the tops of the trees with the planes of her machine. She de scended, with the nose of her 'plane CvMJMM? UN e?\,k. zuw. HONORED DEAD SHOW MARINES WERE HEROES Casualty List of Land and Sea Fighters Justifies Honor Place. Marine Corps circles thrilled last night over the publication of yester day's casualty list, giving the names of ili marines killed and wounded >n recent fighting ir. France. Of this number thirty-four enlisted men were killed, and four officers, and'^36 men wounded, tt was the first official ev idence that the marines, long hold In leash by Persblng, had got Into action. While both the War and Navy De partments last night withheld details as to the fighting in deference to the censorship regulations of Gen. Persh ing, enough was allowed to become known to make It clear that the snHor soldiers measured up to all the tra ditions of the service. The casualties of a .?ingle company of 230 men amounted to twrnty-one killed and 1*? wounded. ? I'nder the censorship regulations in formation was withheld as to When and where the casualties were sus tained- It was learned, however, that CONTINUED ON PAUE FIFTfcKN. And the rocket*' red glare, the bomba bursting In air. Gave proof through the night that ear flag was still ?here. BRITISH HEAR OF RESOURCES TO WIN WAR London, April 23.?When the? muni tions vote came up in the House or Commons today Col. Witiston Spencer Churchill, Minuter of Munitions, made some frank admissions regarding the Britiah material toases In the Wester? ( fighting since the German offensive began, but at the same time cheered the House and the country with the announcement that all these losses have been more than made up. "Since the present battle began." he said, "we have lost nearly 11.000 guns, of which 4,000 and 5.00O were machine guns, and a total output of ammuni tions of between >pne and three weeks. "By the end of last week all losses In ammunition had been made Kood and In many cases a new surplus had been created, the guns we have at the front today being more serviceable than when the battle began? "We have placed at the disposal of the military and air authorities more than twice as many guns as were lost or destroyed. "Women have produced more than nine-tenths of our shells. "We are making more aeroplanes In one week now than during the Whole "of 1914. During the present year we will produce several' times the output of airplanes In 1*17." The munitions minister continued: , "We can look forward to the pri macy of our air forces and to Its complete superiority over the enemy. "Steel la no longer a limiting fac tor in ship production. Nitrates are extracted in great quantities from the atmosphere. Our Lethal gas Is superior to the German gases and so ?re our gas mask?. The first limiting of artillery will be gunners, not mu nitions.?? BIG LIBERTY DAY PROGRAM AT A . GLANCE. Fifty thousand Washington bond holoere will march In the liberty Day Parade this after? noon at 2 o'clock. 'here will be forty float?, of governmental, trade and pro fessional units. It will be led by the Marine Band, and there will be not lesa than thirty bands In line. All stores and government de partments will close, and busi ness wll; caso, white the aft ernoon is given over to the liberty loan. Ruth Uw, who startled the city yesterday with her daring flight up Pennsylvania avenue. Just skimming the tops of the street care, will perform in the air above the parade. All who have bought liberty bonds are asked to march. Ev ery marcher Is cautioned to read carefully the official pro gram printed on page six of The Washington Herald this morning, so that they can find their proper pince In the line of march. Tin? route will be as follows: From Peace Monument up Pennsylvania avenue to Fif teenth street; north on Fif teenth street to Pennsylvania avenue: on Pennsylvania ave nue, past the Treasury Depart ment, White House, and State War and Navy Building to Sev enteenth street; south on Sev enteenth street to the Ellipse, where a monster demonstration will be held. MEN NEWLY 21 TO BE DRAFTED, HOUSE DECIDES Drafting of men who have become 21 . pince last June 5 was approved yes terday afternoon by the House. Un ider an amendment by Representa tive Hull, of Iowa, they will be put 'at the foot of the list, and called only when all available men under I last year's registration have been taken Into service. This, and another provision which does away with military exemp tion for divinity students, will necessitate a conference with the Senate. Will Register June it. Chairman Dent, of the Military Commlttece. announced ? that the War Department will order the registration of the men made eligi ble by this bill, June 5. the anni versary of the first enrollment. All men wlu> have reached 21 on that date must register, they will be classed, after ^answering question naires, on exactly the same terms as men who were enrolled a year ago. Representative Hull won his fight to put the 1918 class of young men at the foot of the list after reading a War Department statement that it neither favored nor opposed the amendment. It was said repeatedly In debate that it would make a dif ference of but a few months at the most, as plans of the War Depart ment are to have practically all ?men of class 1 In service by fall. The vote favoring the amendment was 111 to ?X BOND PARADE TODAY BIGGEST EVER IN CITY 1 Subscribers 50,000 -Strong Will March to Ellipse This Afternoon. The greatest oarade and demonstra j tlon that this city has ever held for ' apcedlng up any popular national 1 movement i? promised for this af Sernoon. when Liberty Day will be I observed In the District by the march I ing of 5O.000 bond subscribers, includ ' Ing practically all the government ? employes, member? of Congress and ! the Cabinet.? civic, fraternal and club ! organisations, trade and profession I al unita and pi,vate individual.? ? : Third Liberty Loan bondholders all! Thirty bands, forty floats lllustrat | ing the pressing need for putting the | third loan "over." and a sensational i airplane exhibition by Miss Ruth ? 1..-IW. noted American airwoman, on : the Ellipse, are all part of the af , ternoon'e program. The aerial ex ; hlbition is to tnke place Immediately j after the parade, at 3 o'clock, with ? another at 4 o'clock. Stores will be closed all the afternoon and a gen eral holiday observed. Honte ef Parade. The parade will begin to move at ? o'clock sharp, and will form In : the vicinity of the Peace Monument and proceed over tho following route: I Pennsylvania avenue to Fifteenth! ?treet; New York avenue; Pennsyl OOirnNUID ON PAOR BIZ. O nay. do?* the atar-spaaaleal hau lier yet wave 0>r the land of the free and the home of the bravef SINKING OF ST. PAUL BEING INVESTIGATED Officials Doubt Theory That Enemies Caused Accident. An official report to the Navy De partment late yesterday, stated that ! the preliminary investigation into the : sinking of the steamship St. Paul tn | dicated that several of the vessel's seacocks had been left open when she i left dry-dock. Officials stated that ? there la little reason to believe the ! accident was caused by enemy agents. It was stated that no information j relative to the accident would be given out by New York navy officials until they had completed their investi ! gation. ?-?G? BONDS One of Lincoln's Guard At Ford's Theater Dead New York, AprU 25.?John R. ? Miller, one of Abraham Lincoln's body guard when the President was shot in Ford's Theater, Washing ton, died today at his Brooklyn home, aged 75. He was a civil war veteran. He fought In many bat tles and was wounded at Gettys burg. FLANDERS WITHDRAWAL IS MATCHED BY PICARDY GAIN; TANK MEETS TANK HOLLAND MINISTER FEARS FOR DUTCH London. April 25.?The Dutch for- ' eign minister, according- to Cen tral .Vews dispatch from The Hague. told the first chamber today that he was unable to conceal that the la sue* between Germany and Hoi- j land concerning the sand and gravel ; transit through Holland were very serious. -?G? BONDS RUSSIANS ASK HUNS FOR FLEET'S SAFETY London. April 25.?The Russian government has asked Germany to I guarantee the safety and freedom of the Russian Black Sea fleet, the hulk of which i.? now at Sebastopol, the principal Crimean port. The note was dispatched to Berlin In j view of wh'*t is refered to in the dispatches ai "the new interpre tation of the peac?? treaty" and ow ing to the German operattona on the Crimea. A news dispatch yesterday stated that tie?man troops ha\#* reached ?Simferopol, capital of Taurida In the Crimea. The ahov? dispatch! indicates that Germany is endeav- j oring to Justify her continued In vasion of Russian territory* hy a new interpretation of the Brest Lltovsk treaty. There has been strong agitation In tier many for the utilisation or. If n? <_? -- ? >. the teix. ure of the Russian Black Sea ti* < ti Recent reports regarding the Crim ea wer? to the eflfevf that tne *rr portant Black Sea peninsula waa to be "given" by Germany to the Ukraine with the view of mskinr It a German base of support foi expansion -eastward. -BUY BiiSTW ? HUN NAVAL HEADS DENY RAID DAMAGE London. April 23.?-V wireless state ment sent out by the German ad miralty denies that the British naval raid on the G-boat ha?<? of ostend and Zeebnigce hainp-rcd German "?ea war on the Flanders coast." -Bl'V BUM??* Army Flyer Drowns. Panama, April ??Lieut. A. J. Kranoe was drowned In ??rumi Ijike. A hydroplane in which he was fl> - Ine caught fire at a hei?ht nf 3.<"?< feet- It came down .safety, hut Lieut. France was drowned while attempt ing to swim ashore. Lieut. Kvans. who was piloting the machine, es caped. Allies Lose Positions Northeast of Bail leu Where Fighting Still Continues Fiercely. Villers-Bretonneux Changes Hands Several Times, Remaining with British at Close of Day?Germans Still Far from Objective. Amiens Held by Allies. London. April 25.?In Randen the allies suffered a reverse, but in Picardy they snatched a victory out of the jaws of defeat. That sums up the results of the fiercest fighting the spring caaa paign has yet seen. Tank met tank in the Somme battle. It was the first time the British monsters have clashed with their German imitations. Both sides ascribe successes to the land dreadnoughts. MASSED ASSAULTS ALL DAY. The Germans tlung every ounce of their riming power in Flanders all day long in massed assaults on the ten-mile line from north of Baillcul to the east of Wytschaete. The result was that after a day's heroic resistance and counter hittine, the Allus had to withdraw nom the ?? lili?I they held this morning, H?ig's night report said. Since the same report dwells on the particular intensity of the German onslaughts on the line from Dranoutrc?thcee and one-hal miles northeast of BaiMcul?to Kemmcl and Vierstratt. it means thai Remimi Height, the pivot upon which depends the whole British ???-s salient, and ultimately the front northward through Dixraude to the sea. is in danger of rapture. Haig's statement adds, however, that "lighting continues," so the tide may yet turn on this, vital front as it turned in Picardy. ITALIAN SHIP LOSS LOWEST IN WEEKS - Rome. April K,?Italian aMpr-tn? l?eles ?lue to submarines or minen during the week ended yesterday were: One steamer ef moie than 1,?W> toni One email sailing veseel. These louse.-, the ?mallest In several week.?, were Rivet) in the weekly ad miralty report gWtMi today. ? -?.G? ituMK VICE PRESIDENT SPEAKS. Baltimore. April X??Vice i'resideiit Marshall stirred a large throng today .it a lihcrty loan gathering at the "Over Then'* cantonment. He de clared America .will sacrifice every thing. If need be. to win the war. "The question of chief interest to the American people today," said Mr. Miirshi?l. "is *<-an we beat the Kai ser;' and to that I answer 'yea:* " YiDers-Bretonne?.*, the village nine miles due east of Atrien? is tonight again in the posoeasion of the British, after it had changed ?ands at least four time la twenty cur hours. Th*> official day com munique had given It up aa loot to the enemy, but then th? Ans traitene and English eame back la a brilliant charge, taking ??* pria onere to boot. The British line at the end of th?? day stood only a short distan** from w here It stood when the new battle began. Amiens was thus astee more aaved to the allies at a moment ?hen the ?netny thought lie hud al ??? ?* v o? f the path for the great final front attack.. l'or Ville? >-???? '?.?neu \ It*?? on m hill gradually declining towards Amiens, and dominating that etnei.? ed German goal. Three m ? leu to the southeast trie bitterly eon tested \ iI1*l'?' "f M;hi gard-Kn-Santerr*? had to be final!? left to the Teutons, hut nava . ing continues for its permanent pos session* Tatra Ft???r of Offfvaalvfs. London. April S.?Commandant ? . military expert of the Kxchnnce Tel egraph Company, writea: "The third phase of the German offensive began at dawn ?\ rdnee day, south of the Somme, against a line of eight miles, held m the north by the British and In the south hv the French. LudenrioriT resuming hi attempt to reach Amiens on the southern front. The Germans vani ty assailed Senecat Wood und Hill* "Before the resumption of the struggle the allied line passed a kilo meter iflve-eighlha of a mile? to the east of Villera-Bretonneux. captur ed In yesterday's German ru?h. The posi tion is of some ? m port * ? >? e. hu t the British hold Abbe Woo?! aad it? village of Cachy. where they can oovnNcrcD on ?a*7e six. "'Sea eoaauer we saast, far -ear cause It la Jaat, \n? this he ear saettai "la Gael te ear treat," ??? the Mar-tpaaalra Hm?rr la ?riaaipk shan ware O'er the lead of the free aaat tar hasse ?? the arare!