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Answer These Questions! Are You an American? Did You Buy iJberty Bonds?
A Liberty Bond is the best answer of an Amer ican citizen. ERALD A German newspaper in America serve? the in terests of Germany. ? NO. 4208. WEAraEJ.-Ci--Js.il.) Fair. WASHINGTON. IX C, SATURDAY. MAY 4, 1918. OJNE CENT ?r-Jl It t?i salsi?. Tar. Oata. EW DRIVE THREATENS AS ALLIES REST ALL MUST AID LIBERTY LOAN FAREWELL DAY Almost "Over the Top" But Final Push Should Be Strong. PLAN DRIVING FINISH Closing Efforts Marked by Speeches from Notables Throughout Nation. The last day of the Third Lib erty Loan campaign opens lottay with the official figures ior the country's subscriptions to the loan still below the minimum of $3,000, 000,000 asked for the support of the American boys in the trenches facing the Hun in France. Every liberty loan committee in the country last night, weary after a record day's work, retired deter mined that the last day of the campaign should be the greatest Yesterday's reports received at the Treasury showed the greatest to tal of any previous day of the campaign with an increase of $189^83,700 recorded. The total subscriptions according to official figures announced by the Treasury Department last night was $-*, 940,644400. OBr la I tic arra. Official ligure? last night .showed that flve Federal Reserve di?iricts out ot the twelve in the country had over? subscribed their quotas, but conserva tive unofficial figure? placed two more. San Francisco and Dallas, over the top. giving the territory west of the Mississippi River a clean slate as to where it stands when it comes to forging the weapons of Uncle Sam to wipe J**-?rtaaa?an?.rn ,ff the map. Hundreds of thousand, of citizens of ?? walk? of? life yesterday ??matched" President Wilson'? little 130 liberty r-ond which he bought when he had purchased all he could afford to and now la paying for It at the rate of fe per month. Former President Taft matched the President yesterday and at a meeting in Philadelphia addressed by former Ambassador Gerard th? matching" brought in S100.000. Simi lar reports have come from all part? of the country. acores of speakers in automobiles ?coured Washington yesterday and mad? addresses for the loan upon every street corner in the business sec tion of the city, pleading with their hearers 10 "back up- the American boy? "over there." Charle? J. Bell, chairman of the T>. C. Liberty Ixian subcommittee on bank?? has made an arrangement with the baulk? under which pledge, received between g and 1. o'clock tonight may be brought into the banks Monday morning and the initial payment t>? made. Subscriptions poured into the bank? all day yesterday, and al though figures were not available last night. It is estimated that the grand total wa? boosted close to the ?lt.OOO.On.i It is known that many large subscriptions have been saved up until th? last day. and the committee still la hopeful that when the final count is made the ?rand total will be above the $.5, 1 000.900 goal set. r A feature of the sales campaign today will be a big hook and lad der truck rrom the Fir? Department which will be used to help boost ?ales. The truck will be stationed at different buey corner? with the ladder raised. Sergeant HefTernan and Private Mowrer. the two Ameri can ?oldier? Just trom the firing line, will be on the truck and the plan will be to boost them to the top of th? ladder. At B. F. Keith's a full hour was Ct)*sTIXt,'*tl) Ott PAOE TWO. Advertising Talks (Far Attvertiwr and Reader.) Here is the story of a retail niture firm that woke up to possibilities if aefvertising^ ?uaJity. This firm had the lead ig furniture in their community for y-ooe years. They had never anything but the highest ^ade furniture, yet they were comnj?*mding the trade they and knew it kThey engaged the services an advertising man who ad a campaign of straight on furniture qualities and Jues as against cheap and ?n furniture. |This campaign consisted of rteen "talks" eight - inch 00..T!.ic?> on p?o? ruta. 239,949 H?RE DRAFTED MEN TO GET CALL Entrainment Ordered to Na tional Army Camps Be ginning May 25. BREAKS ALL RECORDS Calls Expected to Be In creased During Month and in June. Two call? for a total of 2_.9_ draft men were issued by Provost Marshal General I'rowder yesterday. The calls included __,7?_ men for general mili tary service and 6.LOT men skilled In occupation? needed for the several branches of the army. The men included In the general call will entrain during the five days' period beginning May ?. They are to come from all States. The special I call me*t*are to be mobilised on May 8 ! and May 17. The aggregate number of draft men now ordered into military service dur ing May is 306.577. June calls will exceed this number, it was learned. Break? Retord. The original figure? for the big May ?all was 300.000. The army General Statr. however, for reasons which are withheld, recalled the order from the I'rovout Marshal General and reduced it to 2?,7_. ' Preceding May call? were: 49.8? men for general military service, to entrain between May 1 and 5 and May 110 and 15: and special calls for ??.??? i to move between May 1 and 9; 1.190 on May 7 and 8.***5 on May 11 and May *3. The largest call issued by the Pro vost Marshal General before yeeter 1 day was for 130,000 men, who moved to campa between April ? and May I. The May total i? virtually double the proportions of any previou? month. April, with a total of 157,734 , men, held the record until today. Further special call? are to be is sued thi? month. But even with the present figure for May being mater ially increased, the aggregate num ther of men to he called to the color? ?in June, it is staled by draft officials. is expected to be considerably larger than for the present month. Where They Ge. The ?"',"'? men in today7? aeneral [call are allocated between ait the ? State? and ordered to campa as foi ? lows: Alabkma. Camp Se vier. S. C, 6,820; ?Alison?, Camp Cody. ?. M.. 1.781: ? Arkansas. Camp Beauregard, La., .?O: Arkansas, Camp Pike. Ark., 1.131; Colorado. Camp Cody. ?. M.. 12.079; Connecticut. Camp ? pmn, N. IV.. 3.845; Delaware. Dit, X. J.. 460: ? Florida, Camp Gordon, Ga., 303; ?Georgia, Camp Gordon, Ga.. 878; j Idaho. Camp Lewis, Wash., 791; Illinois. Camp Wheeler, Ga.. 5.000; Illinois. Camp Grant, HI.. 5.000; Illinois. Camp Gordon. Ga.. MHS; Illinois, Camp Shelby, Ml??.. 4.351: Indiana, Camp Taylor, Ky.. 3.47f: low??. Camp Lodge. Ia.. 3,654: Kan sas. Camp Funsi on. Kan., 4.871; Kentucky. Carap Taylor. Ky.. 6.311; Ijouiatana. Camp Beauregard, La., 3,n98; Maine, vamp Deven?, Mass.. 1.514 ; Maryland Camp Meade. Md.. .:>0: MassachtBetts, Camp t'pton, N. Y. 3.393: ?umssauchusetts. Camp Deven?. Mass.,K00. Michigan. Cani) Wheeler. Ga.. 5,0*T); Michigan. CarnC Cutter. Mich. 1.149; Minnesota. Carni Lewi?, Wish., 4,714; Mississippi. Catto Pike. Ark., _ino; Mississippi. Cant? Shelby. Miss.. 1.64?; Missouri, romp Bodge. la., 7.S7: Mis souri. Fort Roleyt Ksn., 500: Montana, ?'amp Lewi?. Wash.. 3.163; Nebraska, Camp Dodge. la., 1,573; New Hamp shire, Camp DevenS. Mass, 634; New Jersey. Camp Dix. N. J.. 7.657; New Mexico. Camp Cody. ?. M.. StE; New York. Camp Dix. ? J., ?.SOO: New York. Camp Hancock. Ga.. 6.S50; New York. Camp Upton, N. Y., 7,600; New York, Camp Wadsworth, S. ?, S.700; New York. Camp Sevier. S. C, 1,-0; North Carolina, Camp Jackson, S. <-'.. -.114: North Dakota, Carap Lewis, Wash., 1.331): Ohio, Carap Gordon, a?.. 9.90O; Ohio, Camp Sherman, O.. 3,000; Ohio. Camp Taylor. Ky., 7J33; Okla COXTT-sT-D ON PAO- TWO. Uncle Sun Is*uei Appeal to Tardy Today Is your last chance to buy a Third Liberty Loan Bond. If you haven't aulMcrlbed, go to your bank now and malee th? Initial pajm.nt. If you hav? already ?ubacrlb ed, match th? Prealdent with another HO on the (5 down and IS a month plan. Everybody'? doing It. Prove you ara 100 par cent American and own a Liberty Bond. GEN. CROWDER STARTS HUNT FOR SLACKERS Orders Nation-Wide Search for ?Men Evading the Draft Law. Provost Marshal General Crowder last night started a cenerai round tip of slacker? and deserters. In structions were sent to draft exec utive* In alt States to make renewed efforts to apprehend all men in this statua. Local boards are ordered to solicit the assistance of "all police officers. State, county, township and munici pal, of whatever grade or class." in the nation-wide search for men of draft age who may be seking to evade military service. Rewards Offered. Rewards and e ? pen: es will be paid "for the apprehension and delivery of delinquents and deserters under the Selective Service Regulations." The reward for the arrest of a desert er is to be not more than VA and the officer making the arrest will be re imbursed for his expenses incurred, not to exceed 950. Federal officers not entitled to re ceive a reward, will be reimbursed for their expenses, not to exceed $30, in the event of an arrest, or j "in attempting under competent lu- j structlons to arrest such men when j attempts result in failure." V. 9. Pays Kxprnar?. j The Department of Justice, through United States marshals, will pay ex pense* incurred In apprchendim-; draftees who have absented them selves prior to the date on which they are inducted into the military service. Notices of payment of reward are ordered posted throughout the coun try, and every effort will be made to interest all officers of the law in the man-hunt Although it is said that there are only a very small per centage of draft men In this class, the army chiefs are determined thai they shall not escape. GERMAN NEWSPAPERS CRITICIZE DECEIT Social Organs Infer Rustia Hat Been Mitled by Hunt. Dispatches from Orman newspa pers, received at the State Depart ment, reveal active social-demo cratic and liberal criticism of ?what they term breaches of faith with Russia. The text of the editorials la the recent statement by the Imperial chancellor that the German em peror recognizes the Independence of Kithnnia and .Livonia, and also that he would "welcome with Joy" an expression of desire by them to form a personal union with Prus sia. The Vorwaerts ?aid plainly that the treaty with Russia had stated plainly that Livonia and Esthonia were to remain under Russian suzerainty. They were to be occu pied by German police until order waa restored, it wa? continued that so long as this situation continued. Russia and Germany could not be held to be at peace, since one of the parties was taking what suited it, and the other acquiesced, as It Is able to do nothing; else. BLINDED TWO YEARS, SOLDIER SEES AGAIN] Signaler Thomas SkeyhUR of the Eighth Ansa es. made totally blind by shell explosion in December, 1916, on the Gallipoli front, and since then invalided home to Australia, is thank ing God and Dr. Riley I). Moore, of 1710 H street, this city, that he Is see ing things today. SkeyhiU. who only left Australia for this country six weeks ago, has been touring tbe Antipodes lecturing on the war. He arrived In Washington last Thursday morning from the west, and ia ?topping at the Dewey Hotel. Coming to thi? city, totally blind, to ?eek some place tn the forthcom ing Red Cross drive. Signaller Skey hiU owes to the recurrence of a pain In his neck, which affects him as tbe result of his injury, the fact that hi? eyesight has been restored. ????ere? Araste Pale. Between | and 6 o'clock Thursday afternoon the Australian ?ignalcr suf fered so from pains in the back of his neck that he decided te seek possible relief by means of n-ist??ge. and led by J. Roy McLennan, of the Fifth Canadians, who has voluntarily at tended the soldier here, he went that evening to Dr. M?sere'? office for the ? puisasse. According to McLennan the? blind signaler had no other idea tn the visit than that of having hi? sut-? fering relieved. In the course of the doctor's manip ulations at the end of about twenty minutes Skeyhill Jumped off the table where he lay in the utmost agony, calling the doctor many uncomplimen tary names In return for his efforts. Almost directly after this, following the account given by McLennan. Skey hill shouted "I can see! I can see!" and began giving proofs of his asser tion by picking up book? and reading their titles and looking at pictures oa the wall and describing them. Quite automatically, though a little later, the signaller lost sight of the present and imagined himself attain at the front before Gallipoli. He be gan giving military orders ?o Mc Lennan in a loud voice, giving the precise places and names such as they were on thst front. In all this, asid McLennan, last night, the signaller took on a tilghly amused snd derf satlsfied air. With thi? partial Kpee of meinory. the settee of color incarno toflt to the man and everything and all objects appeared white. ?. When these conditions arose. IT. Moore had Skeyhill removed to the CUNTlNtS- ON FAQS TWO. BAKER SHOWS HOW IMMENSE SUM WILL GO Outlines to Congress Plans for $15,000,000,000 to Enlarge Army. NAVY INCREPE ALSO Canvass of House Commit tee Indicates Opposition for Measure. The navy a. well a? the army, under the Administration? military expansion program, may rais? as large a force as Secretary Daniel.? thinks necessary. Th? "lid la off". so far as Congress Is concerned. Following detailed developments yesterday of Secretary Baker's tre mendous program, word reached the cap?tol that the navy depart ment would ask the same "the sky is the limit" legislation as has been framed for the army. Few Kollo? Dent. Questioned on this point. Chair man Padgett, of the naval commit tee, pointed out a clause in the naval reserve bill which allows Sec retary Daniels to increase that force to any limit. It further pro vides that men and officers may be transferred at will from the reserve to the fight mar force. Padgett.?aid th? section'? intent wa? to give the naval department power to take any action to in crease Ita power aa the develop ments of the war situation demand. Another development of the day was that Chairman Dent probably will be the sole opponent, an the Houm Military Committee, to Sec retary Baker*? plan for an unlimit ed army. Informal canvas??? ?flow ed that the bill will receive an im mediate and favoraLle report. De tailed figures of the Baker pro gram were placed before the com mittee ye?terday by Maj. ?Jen. Pey ton C. March and hi? aide*. The immediate plan la biased tn ??.?a?.??? men, ?nd 2.2f?J.e*?*> ?.I thaatt tn camp by July 1. As quick aa it be comes certain that more than ?.???,??? can be tfquipped and trained, they will be called. The following major item.? ef the ? roposed ll.i.WO.til'O.oofi appropriations bill were presented to the committee: Ordnance. *>4,00n,ooo.?00. yuartermasler. t-.ew.fs?.???. Army pay. **3.ii0O.<r0O,*)??. Aviation. ?.??.???.???. .Medical. 11.?00.??).??!. Engineering. Jl.uiiO.OH.OOrt. These are all practically double the items which had been submitted lo the committee before Secretary Baker's visit to the western from, in several cases, items are five times a? large aa those he asked before he saw actual fighting. Review? Trip. Again he told the committee tnat the operation? there are on so tre mendous a scale that they can not be conceived. i Detailed testimony was practically alt on pay. Maj. Gen. March said that with the amount asked in the bill?W.OOO.flOO.OOO? the department felt it could pledge Itself not to ask for additional sums before next Decem ber. There was brief discussion on the proposed aircraft appropriation. Sec retary Baker was asked isointblat" if the program were a failure and the l-iberty motor a bad disappointment, lie answered vigorously that the pro mam haa turned the corner, and thai the liberty motor, "once over 11 ? teething troubles" has become so sai l-factory a piece of mechanism that French and Italians are ordering it in large quantities. Indication? that American? arc to take over much larger sectors of the western line were given In the state ment that of the Jl.ooo.ooe.ooo allowed the army engineers, almost all is to be for additional highways and rail roads from debarkation ports to vari ous American-held portions of the line. SHIPPING BOARD REPORTS ON PROGRAM Show? 236 Ships Have Been Launched by U. S. Yards. Two hundred thirty-alx ?hip?, wood and steel, aggregating 1,440. 627 deadweight tons, have been launched under the regime of the United Statea Shipping Board. One hundred thirty-eight vessels have been delivered complete and put in service, totaling ?77.371 tons. The?e figure? were announced last night by the Board, with other detailed data, showing the follow ing: Number of shipyards. 157. Ways In use by the Emergency Fleet Corporation, 751; steel ways. $98, with sis more nearlng com pletion; wood way?, built and build ing, 3S2; concrete way?, building, 4; other ways, occupied by naval construction, 1}. Steel contract ships launched. 18; tonnage, 13r*,250. Steel requisition ed ships launched, 181; tonnage. 1.195.8S7. Total tonnage of all steel ships launched, 1,133,127. Wood ships launched. 35; tonnage, approximately, 108.600. One hundred thirty-four steel, con tract ship? delivered, totaling 94:'. 171 tons; four contract steel ?hip? delivered, totaling 35.200 ton?. No concrete ship? for the Govern ment have been launched yet. Auttrian Railwaj/t Crippled. Zurich, May 3.?A ?trike of Polish workmen has tied up the laorobrova coal fields, said a message from Cra cow (Auatrla-Hungary), today. It I? interfering with passenger traffic on Austrian railway? that ?ecured their fuel there. 6,000,000 MEN FIGHTING FOR H?N VICTORIES War Experts Figure That Total Under Kaiser on All Fronts. MOVING THEM FAST Allies Determined Germany ? Will Bleed White When America Fully Ready. What la regarded in military circles as a close and accurate calimate place? the present lighting strength of Germany on all front?, at train ing depots, and in reserve at l,OUO.u?J" men. Division ef Ar?Ie?. Thi? force, the authorities here di vide ss follows: On the western front. Including those south of the scene of the pres ent offensive. *MtOO,0tS In Finland, operating with the White Guard, lOO,??. On the Russian, Ukrainian and Bal kan fronts, 900,000. Troop? held in reserve for all fronts, 2.O0O.O0O. This number includes re turned prisoners of war. replacement battalions. Including the youngest classes called to tbe colors, men on the sea-coast fortification.?, sailors and marines. All the troop? which she had on the Italian front, it is declared, have been moved by Germany to the western theater. For thia reason the allie? are not looking for any enemy of fensive sgainat Italy. Nor. it is stated, is Germany in position to undertake an offensive on any but the western front Killiiut (?ape. Commentine* on the man-rower sit uation, one of the best Informed of rne foreign military experts stationed now In Washington said that Ger many was still withdrawing troops from the Russian front, in desperate efforts to All the gap? that the allie? ?re constanti! making vn the Ger mand lines on the western front. At the present rate at which the Gerenta? casualtiea are piling up. the prediction is made that ultimately all the replacement reserves that Hin denbiii'K ha? will be thrown into the western carnage. With consideration? of this kind before It, the interallied War Con ference, which ha? Just adjourned at Paris, it ie indicated In authori tative quarters, has decided against any action by ihe allies in the ?ray of a counter-offensive. Gen. Foch, the Indication? are, ?ill be instructed to waste neither men nor material in euch an offen?ive. The policy, for the present, at least. It !? declared, wilt be to ?land tinn and let the attacking enemy exhauet tt? strength in it? rcptated ?nd costly effort? to pierce the allies' line. "The principal object now." it wa? explained, "la to kill just ss many llfrmant as it is possible to TKill. Mutter? of territory are of second ai y consid?ration." Germany, in short, i? to be al lowed to Weed hereelf white. At the 1 rate at which American reinforce j ment? are being and will continue I to be eent to the front, it wa? de clared, the hope of Berlin that i'rance and Great Britain would be ?? xhaueted before effective American ,iid could'arrive is a vain one. NEWSPAPERS RATED REAL WAR NECESSITIES Bernard M. Baruch Deems Them Essential to Public. Bernard M. Baruch, chairman of the War Industries Board, announced yesterday that newspaper? were a war necessity?that they were re quired to place before the people properly the progress and Informa tion of the war. He decided to form a commodity section of the War Industries Board, with a chairman to be se lected by the American Newspaper Publishers' Association. The sub ject of scarcity of paper will be rone into and means adopted for the ending of the great waste tn paper of all kinds. TWO-DAY SESSION OF ALLIED COUNCIL ENDS Generals Perilling and Bliss Repre sented U. S. at Gathering. Paris, May 1?The two-days' ses sion of the Inter-allied Supreme Council came to an end tonight at Versailles. . Premier Clemenceau of France, presided at the session. Those present were: For the United States?Generals Pershing and Biles. For Great Britain?Premier Lloyd George, Lord Hilner, Field Marshal Haig, Generals Sackville-Wcst and vvtieon. Admiral Wymee. For France?General? Foch. Roblc? leau. Veltn and Petain, Admiral De bon. For Italy?Premier Orlando. Court Rules Company Violates Trust Laws New Tork, May ?.-The Victor Talk ing Machine Company was today de clared a combination in restraint of trade and commerco in violation of the Sherman anti-trust law. The de cision was reached by Judge Augus tus N. Hand In the Federal District Court, who signed a final d?cru? and issued tbe customary dissolution re straining oroera. ALLIES' POSITION BETTER ON ALL WESTERN FRONT; ANOTHER DAY OF RESTING Separation of French ant British Annies Task Daily Harder. GERMANS AIM NOW AT ALLIED FRICTION Spread Tales of Foul Play on Part of British Command. With the American Army in France, May 3.?From an authori tative source I learn that the Ger mans used on the Flandcrt fight ing front thirty-five fresh divisions in addition to nine which were in ? line when the battle began. The whole position on the West lern front is becoming more favor ?able for the allies. If the enemy ; continues his offensive without 'training a strategic advantage, he , must impair his chances of gaining his main object, which is the sepa ration ot the French and British armies. Since April 25 tin Germans have advanced only to a depth of from a mile and a half io two miles on ; a seven-mile front. Their only im ! portant success was the capture of 1 Mount Kemmel, their efforts to outflank the other heights failing completely. tarra-aea I at rat ?Ja adera. Of lale the ?-earn?:? halve been en I deavoring to make up for the lack of I military ?ucee?? by propaganda to I create ill-feeling among the allies. Th? y have spread the ?tory, for In stance, that the Australian? arc placed by the British commander in chief tn the most dangerous places, ?ufTerine the greatest losses thereby. The truth is that of thirty-one British divl?ions each lost more lives than all Aus tralian units combined Similar stories are spread recardlng the transfer of Knglish troops from Amiens, exposing the French, an?; about alleged Bi lttsh complaining that the French lost Kemmel. All these stories are denied officially aa having no foundation in fact whatsoever The allied hlch command knew that neither the French nor the British were able to hold their ground un ja ided against the full brunt of the German blow. Ma-tut? for ?ievr Urite? It la rumored that Field Marshal von Mackensen is to lead a new drive on the west front. In Germany It has ! become a tradition to suppose that i Mackensen appear? in the psycho j logical moment to cive the coup de ; i;race when the Germans are about . to Buffer ?11 overwhelming defeat. Il? is possible that the Germana may '?ring more fresh divisions from Rus sia to the west, but not t-O0,0tM, as the I rumor haa it. Such troops, moreover, 1 would be more likely to be used as j ilrafts than a? front line divisions. Decide Discussion Of Peace Useless I rari.?. May ".?The foreign affairs j ? mnmftlce of the Chamber of Depu ; id's, acconliu;: to Lo Matin, after j p?*c iii_rs the .?.tatenicnts of ox-Pre ; miera Painleve and Ribot, unanimous ? I y atraed that it waa not feasible ' to attempt to enter into a conversa tion with Austria-Hungary as a re sult o? Emperor Charles* letter con '?rnini4 peace and the legitimacy of Kranwa war aim. Some members ? i-ceatfc hat an effort be made to ?iiscOTeM . xactty what the Austrian , ? m pern? waa "driving at" Official Reports From War Fronts BRITISH. London, May 1? Coop?r?t in^? with the French in local hefcting south of Villers-Bretonneu-c (nine mites east of Amiens) the British 1h? nicht took prisoner?, the official night report from Field Marshal Halft announces. For today only artillery activity I reported. The text of the Platement follows: "In tbe local fighting during the night south of \*illers-Bretonneua we , cooperated with the French, securing ? a few* prisoners. "The enemy artillery showed con-1 siderable activity this morning north ' of Albert and In the Beaumont-Hamel | sector. "Apart from artillery activity by both sides on other parts of the front there is nothing to report. "Aviation?Although the weather , was fine yesterday, a thick hase ?? ? terfered with the work of our air planes and artillery. Several impor tant reconnoissances were carried out and many photos were taken over the ? nemy's rear. Three and one-half tons of bombs were dropped on Ba paume and other targets in the bat tle area. In severe air fighting four teen hostile machines were brought down and four others were driven out of controly. Five of our machines are missing. Five and a half tons of bombs wete dropped on Chaulnes. the Thianville railway junction. Eapaume and Caix. "Three heavy bomb* were dropped also on the lock-gates of Zeebrugge. 'The Carlshuette works were again ! hit. Several Hursts were observed in the areas bombed. The raiding ma chines all returned s?fele.?? FRENCH. m Taris. May 3?TV re was no in Tan '. r y * ctlon on any pa rt of ? he French front today, the official right communique sa\s. Artillery d j? Is raged north and south of the ?\vr*\ southeast of A mien-*, south of ??? lers-Eretonneux ;-?nd on the right hink of the Meuse ? Wrdun >. Th*? text .of th*1 statement follow?: "There vsas no infantry action dur ian the day. ? "Fairly rcreat .activity was displa^ [ ed by both artillerie* in th*1 reel*"?? north and south of the Atto. \ "Our batterie!-: caught under th* ir ?"ne and dispri ?-m d enemy coneenini tions ?.outh of \ il!<r**r?-Bretonneux to ward Castel. "Artillery action was fairly liv.lv on the right bank of the Meuse. Th? ; day was calm els* a here." j "Aviation?Twenty-seven ton? of ?bombs ?ere dropped by our aviator* on the stations of Mam. Seals. Roys, Chaulnes. St. Quentin and Jussy. a*? well as on the bivouacs and can tonments in these regions. Bight tons of bomhn were dropped ?n the re gion of Rcthila and the stations of Asfel. "Eight OiimtM airplane?! ?n. brought down, including two by anti aircraft ?fefensea. Twelve other Ger man machine?, were seriously dan> aged and f?1!! within the dermal. lines as the result of aerial en pa e? - ments." GERMAN. Berlin (via I-ondon). May 1?The I repulse of allied attacks south o[ j VlHers-Bretonneux and on the west ?of the Avre is claimed by the official German day -communique. A counter attack by the Germans netted prison ers, the statement avers. Artillery duels "in isolate?! sectors" and re connaissances are reported in the j statement. "The artillery duel was revived in 'isolated sectors of the battle front. | Partial enemy attacks followed prep aratory fire south of Vil le?a-Breton - neux and on the western bank of the : Avre. In a counter attack we took ? prisoners. Otherwise Infantry activity was limited to i^"**connaissances. "In Lorraine lively enemy activity continued." MANY U. S. SOLDIERS ESCAPE HUN GUARD Mary American and British soldiers have recently escaped from prison camps in Germany and have reached Switzerland. In the last week the number of escaped prisoners has In creased almost daily. The most re cent report from Switzerland tells of tbe arrival of five British soldier? who - were led by an American In a daring escape from their German cap tors. T-barea Gift Hriprwl. Tbe men were captured about six week? ago. They were Interned at a prison camp several hundred miles from the Swiss border. By giving to nai?o to one of the guards the Amer ican soldier learned the location ot the camp and also the route to be followed in reaching Switzerland. As be gained hia informstion bit by bit the German guard, who was too young for service at the front, did not realise to what extent he was aiding the smooth-spoken American. Two weeks ago orders can? to the camp to ?end all available fight ing men to the front. The number of guard? about the eamp was ma terially reduced. The American sol dier saw that the time for an at tempt at liberty bad o-ota. He than for tbe flrst time told hi? Britlsii pal? of the information he had glean ed. On the next dark night they slipped through the lines unobserved Traveling by night, ?nd keeping off the highways, they managed to reach Switzerland, worn by hard traveling and insufficient food, but anxtoua to get back to their fighting unit? on the western front. Germany has told ihe State De partment that American war prison ers are treated "as well" as any others. This snswer Was made Itr* response to Inquirir? by this gov ernment a? to reported Ill-treatment of Americans in German prison camps. The reply ram? through the Spanish Ambassador in Berlin, Who represents American interest?. Spe cific Instances were furnished by the State Department. ?sraalve Aaawer. The answer is regarded by govern ment officials as ambiguous and eva si?''', especially as it is known that the average traatn?nt of prison?, s bv Germany Is bad*. There ?terns notbing further to do In the matter, as the Out titan gov ernment has made the aame reply to the Mata Department aaveral tintas Daily Expected Renewal of Offensive Is ?Still Thought Nigh. FOCH NOW SUPREME ON ITALIAN FRONT Generalissimo Has Even Wider Conunand Than Von Hindenburg. London, May j.?This was a?, other day ot "resting up" and lire paring ior the new battle in the West, which is now expected 10 break into flame any moment. The Germans launched no infan try action 01 consequence, but their heavy artillery displayed more than average activity in sev eral vital sectors, particularly m Flanders. The French ?nd British, in a succi s,iul loci action, improved their position? due cast, as well as southeast, ot' Amiens, the French capturinf- Hill No. 82 and a wood borderinu on the Avrc. Tlie suc cess crowned an infantry attack on the one and one-halt mile front between Hail!? s and Castel. Pate-?? 1 ?____? Battre. t. n r'och. 11 is atino-t?ed fret trans. 1? no? definitely tn command ?t* the ?iitire ?"????tern front, includine ?*T ?'-.1??? Ime. Thi? ??iacea hm? at iba- ?lead of et! ?"?.?d htu-? In 1 a ?an 1 he N'onh *??? ?nd the Adriatic a front exceeding l.ttv mile> Thus. for the tirsi tim?- in this war. the ?His?? are noi only estuai, but su p-no:, to ihe central power? in the all iinpot?111 qu?-.-non of centralised com mand, for with alt hi? power Hind?? I'urg has never he. ? the ?ole arMtesr over the T? ul<?n ot?ei-stion? on tr itatimi fiont ?.aa- t?r??xr a? tl-?-n In the la??? IWsrttts -???? I tiou<s the lit'iiiiMi. iiunt were chi licularlv ae 1 iv?? north of Attsett. caM and msiiii: ?".??' of Amiens, and .?Ioiij: llie South ? 111 leg of Arnim's w??dge 111 Fl?ndet. t'nless all signs ?re ???-?'?,?\ mis. to morrow ?hould ?<?e the ret iv?i of trie alitai -si iiic^le tin ? large -,-?.]. BUELOW CHANCELLOR AGAIN DEEMED LIKELY German Diplomat to Sucrecd \ on Hertl.ng ior Ptacc? Kurtdi. via 1,01m,?'ii. \i Tn? MufiirlieiH-r \?-u* I? .\.. ? ??**???? from a diploiiixtt? ?????n ? in Vienna that Punt?* von Huelo** ?ii.*?? Is*? appointed German imi- ?.*I ? ?.-? c?*Hor pos?n. '????*. noci lor ?'?mm \??u H? : tUtttt'? I ? .--.tion h.***. I**f**?n pet-??? ?!', ed preenrtoui*. and priiKV von Bm?*,? waa picntiot,?*?. h U ?* d?,*.* a*a ?- hw most likely r*nxt*emr. Th* Auree.** rx? r*?*t eyn, hnmiz?'.? with diM-aieh?*-.-* froni Am-: ?????p? __L_r.ng ll-r-rtW-te haii re**?>Ivs?_ to stand ?>r fall w,ib .h*s I*ru.*?sian elettor?. r< f??rm ?? ?? ? hi it i.? in its final parliamentary pl,*?ea In CsmMMt of iiidav ot .ihlt :?.??.??. I Hertlm;*; threatened tu roa-i**.! Th?? common undcii-taiidmtf >.|h .? O? rmmiy and abroad ha* ???? ?s?*m that Prince \on Buelo**.? **.???- n-iiic "aaved" by the Ka.aer for the ?*. ?<-*' negotiation.? The report th.it he M about to be made chancellor ma?, itj.tr significance in connection wttn -troni. reporte that Germany propot*ei- *-h ?n ly lo 'auneh a rreat pone? ->?" -?- .e. her effort? to break throueh in the w-f-at ha-??? failed. GERMANY ANNOUNCES PRISONERS CAPTURED Claims 20.000 Taken by Armies ia Recent Battle. Berlin, vie I?ndon. M?v *--Twea ty thousand prison? is were ._ajtea by German and Finnish troops ia the five day battle at I?tin at? Tavartehu?. the war ohV-e an nounced tonight. Tii?? Red Guard? were -overwhelmingly defeated"' It I? aaeerted. The statement ??j? "In ?outhwestern Vmland w? overwhelmingly defeated the eneai? in the five day hattie ?t 1?hti and Tavartehu?. We took ;0.?0? pri? oaer?. "From the ..Hier tiie?trc? there '? nothing to report. ' Hun Army's Progress In Russian Campaign Berlin, via l/sndon. M?< 1 German army which inaiched ward from Odesse ha? ?.cupi? ag anrog, on the Sea of Asov. 1 war afflo? ?nimunn.-ed tonight The test of the ?ii?t,-rtx'ii dews: ?'Front the Ek?lerinosl?? 'h??-?* line we rnarched into t?? ' ?ne? ?ra gion. W? oocepted Tn.nii . on ttat a of Ato?.**