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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 17, 1918, Image 1

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MAY 20-25
Sharp Fight in Senate Pend
ing Over Aircraft
President's Supporters Are
Rounding Up Absentees
for Conference Vote.
Senator Brandigee Calls Sculptor's
Charges Too Serious to
Go in Record.
If President Wilson has Ms way,
investigation into the aircraft situ
ation will be handled exclusively by
Charles K. Hughes, whom he has ap
pointed to conduct the Department
nt Justice probe. He prefers this
method to any investigation by a
Congressional Committee. The chanr
berfain resolution, clothing the Sen
ate MtVHary Affairs Committee with
authority to In^qti^ate. hoi brought
the arimimstratMt %ce to race with
one of the sharpest n|Ma in Congress
since the war bejan.
President Wilson yesterday issued
order* that the resolution. must ue
killed. Heretofore his objection has
been merely to *hr form of the rem
lu^ioo. which would hare peimitted
an Inquiry Into the whole conduct nt
ihe war. . But hi* final word to his
advisers in Uu jJenate. delivered tan
, inoroin# toflmtor Thompson. is that
inxonlt^tloij If cvt vrMV ?*.<
Ktrtire reMAnee ir plaiDd in former
Justice Hi^l^u to carr** on sueh an
investigation as may be necessary *o
brin* out all the fasts.
When Senator Thompson left the
White House to-carry the dietum of
the President to the Scnote, he said:
-It means a fight."
Lay Plana fee Battle.
Both sides immediately began to
lay their plans fur the battle, which
will row on the question whether
the Chamberlain resolution, as mod
llted by the majority of the Com
mute on Audit and Control, of
which Thompson Is chairman, shell
be passed. Final action on the reso
lution may not come before nex
Senator Chamberlain expressed tb-l
opinion that the resolution will he
passed by a slim majority. He de
? Hred he had done absolutely noth
ing to poll the Senate nor to enlist
votes In support of the measure.
Administration Senators sought
to obtain *ptes against the resolu
tion upon the principle laid down
by the President in his letter* to
Senator Martin, that the Senate's
action on the resolution would be
either a vote of confidence or a re
flection upon his administration.
They declined to make any predic
ation as to the outcome.
Telegrams were being sent tonight
to a number of Democratic Senators
who are out of the city, urging them
to be in attendance when the reso
lution Is brought up. If all of those
whose votes are needed to defeat the
resolution are r..t here bv Saturday,
a filibuster will he resorted to In
order to ilelay action.
More Strsag Stan Prom Bora lam.
Ihe report of the majority of the
Committee on Audit and Control was
presented In the Senate by Senator
McKelUr. of Tennessee. The others
signing It were Senators Sraoot. of
' tah. and France, of Maryland, both
Republicans. After the report had
i-een received. Senator Chamberlain
inquired of Senator Thompson whjth
er there would be a report from the
minority, composed of Thompson and
Jones, of New Mexico. Thompson
replied that he r.r.d Jones were pre
paring a report, which would be sub
mitted to the Senate tonight.
Gutson Borglum's reply to the
charges made against him by the
A day o o ago a lady was
, over ?ne suits for her
-i"nall son in a
*>1 - known
'ng store.
Vid to the
"ifkt "The
materialin this
suit doesn't stem qtjite up to
the mark pfc * ? t ^
bought, be if y ^ it*, afl
right HI b-'*ve you. because I
have ne ? bought anything
here that wasn't exactly as vou
I J - * |
rcpreser iXL ^
l?F? of die store
Minister Speaks Before For
eign Press Association
, m London.
Says-Unjust Ending of War
Would Be Victory
of Crime.
London. *sy 11-Great Britain's
unshakcable determination to #ght
until a peace that I* not a German
peace has been secured, was eloqusat
ly voiced today by Tawrd Curson In
an address before the Foreign Prsss
"There Is no use," said the member
of the war cabinet, "to discuss our
peace terms now, hecausa they hare
been announced in onmistakeable
language in both continents The
peace for which we are prepared to
??First, must be honorable.
I "Second, must ensure the security
of the world in future generations
| from devastating wars.
"Third, must be Just
Drama Is Battleaeldu.
?The fact Is. that at this moment
ihe onlv drama Is that of the battle
I field; the voice that drowns all others
I is tlie voice of the guns. An unjust
! peace would he the precursor of new
I and worse wars. It would not only
i be a victory for crime, but a Justiaea
j tion of new crime.
I "We have heard a great deal about
I creating a league of nations in the
: ftiiure. 1-et us not ignore the fact
j that ihe moat powerful league of na
tions that could be constituted is al
? eady In existence. We are Hghllnit
I fdf these nations' cause. The issue
lniujtt be determined by the people.
I "huctusion muit be free, open and
! public. No solution is possible until
ttv S-'rman government and people
1 neutral*?are contending, and would"
contend until the >end."
\% arM Allied Press.
The speaker warned the allied press
not to heed the enemy's peace pro
, a-jila designed to create dissension
among the allies.
"We muat refuse." said he. "to give
> hearing to the idea that the prob
lems bv what we are confronted could
be solved by backstairs influence.
\ family intrigues or dynastic agree
ing nts."
Lord Curxon said the press should
maintain "unity of interest, harmony
oi action and closeness of co-opera
?>n. that haa sprung out of the cir
?.stances of the war. The <reat
>\ilt of the \var obtained so far. he
Jd. was the progressive attainment
of the unity of peoples. He concluded:
I "There is something greater tnau
| the unity of aim. action and com
mand. that the allies already have
i attained. That is the unity of spirit
i of all the nations that have been
j brought together by the wai. That
[unity has ?pruns out of the necessi
I ties of the battlefields, but It must
1 not perish when the war Is ov. r. Thnt
j unity must endure."
Startling Document Shows Why
Mrs. Roberts Was Killed.
Waukesha. Wis.. May 1*.?Today "was
big with events for Grace Lusk. school
teacher, and self confessed slayer ot
Mrs. Mary Newman Roberts, whose
hut-band. Dr. David Roberts, was loved
by the young woman oil trial.
Hitherto contested facts were swept
aside to leave the jury and the court
confronted by two nig outstanding
mysteries that must be met and mas
tered by those who hold the defen
dant's future in the hollow of their
The first of these mysteries is that
which cloaks whether Miss Lusk
was insane when she killed the wife
of the man "she couldn't have."
The second is that which leaves
undecided whether the defendant
killed her veterlnary-lpver s wife
by premeditation or In a mad mo
ment of Irresistible anger.
It was a tense moment during the
hearing when Grace Lusk's "confes
sion" made to Dr. R. E. Davies on
the afternoon of the slaying was read
to the Jurors by the physician. * The
document is startling In Its frank
ness. The defendant told Dr. Da vies
that after promising her that he
would tell Mrs. Roberta of his love
for the defendant. Roberts had ex
plained tfe his wife that Miss Lusk
was hounding him to death and that
[she was a fool.
| The "confession" details that on the
I afternoon of the murder, Mrs. Roberts
l had come to the defendant and called
her many vile names.
i "I killed her because she called me
such awful names." was one of the
sentences read into the record from
; the ''confession" by the man to whom
j it had been made.
$300 for Each Whose Kit Wai
Washed Away.
Officers snd men who lost their
clotting sad equlpmnt when the
Tuscania was torpedoed would bo re
imbursed to the extent of BOO under a
bit) pa Mod yesterday afternoon by the
Senate. The Mil waa sent down by
the trar Department more than a
month aaw.
Fierce Attack on Germany
Causes Scene in Hun
garian Chamber.
Zurich, May 16.?A Vienna dispatch
says Count Karolyl. the Hungarian
Liberal leader, made some "grave
revelations'* in the Hungarian cham
ber of deputies. A flercc attack by
him on Germany led to violent scenes,
the dispatch says, and a stormy de
bate is still under way.
Conference Interrupted.
Vienna has put forward the sug
gestion that Saturday's conference
between Emperor Karl and the Kaiser
broke up in a row. A seifiiofficinl
Austrian dispatch received here yes
terday says:
? The conference '.van to have lasted
six days. It was prematurely inter
This is regarded by officials and dip-1
Iomats here as a mere efTort on the
part of Karl to still for the moment
the storm of protest from his peo
ples against the way he bent his neck ,
to Berlin.
Diplomatic dispatches assert that a
realization of the divergent Interests |
of the peoples Involved makes ths
realization of the two Kaisers' plan
doubtful. It is believed, however, that I
the Industrial, agricultural, commer
cial and military advantages for Oer
many In the proposed agreement arc
such that Berlin will insist upon Its
'>eing carried out at all costs?by ih?
bayonet. If necessary.
Polish Adjustmentf v
I^ate news in diplomatic quarters
with regard to the conference con-i
SINCE JUNE 5, 1917
House Accepts Conference Report;
Goes to President.
Final legislative action waa taken
yesterday on the bill to draft men
who have become 21 since June f.
The House accepted the conference
report, and It goea to the President.
Gen. Crowder says he will fix the
date of registration aa June 5. The
men will not be drafted until all those
registered laat year have been called.
Will Turn Cattle ia Field* if Con
scription Enforced.
London, May li.?Farmers in the
midlands of West Ireland according
to a Central Newa dispatch from
MalUncar. have decided to allow the
oatfle to eat the growing crops. If
oenacrlptlon ia enforced.
i McKenna. chairman of the
County Council, haa been ar
<*er the defense of the realm
Army Man Proposes to Keep Secret
All Such Figures. ;
-? & .
All information concerning draft
calls will be withheld from the pub
llic, if a plan now being cojiaidered
by the War Department la^ adopt
ed. This policy has been urged by
sonic army officers for soma time.
Now it ia known to be under "berlous
discussion, with the probability that
it shortly will be announced*
Tremendous calls are plafyied for
the next several monlns. The rea
son for the proposed jtucrHy is to
prevent the enemy from 'framing
exactly how fnst the United States
is Increasing its army. \
Germany knows that men lire sent
to training camps only at/fast as
is provided by the withdrawal of
trained troops for overseas ship
ment, it was pointed out lift night
by one of the advocates of the new
plan. By checking up on tit* pub
lished accounts of 'draft cj?l|a. *
fairly accurate estimate of tfce num
ber of men going to France can be
made. By withholding all figures
on the number of registrants being
ordered into military senrtee. the
| enemy will be confronted with the
'necessity of depending up** spies
I to secure information no# made
I easily available.
U. S. Transports to Bring 10,000
for War Work.
I Army transports will bt laed to
bring Porto Rlcan laborers to the
United 8tatee to work in war ma.
tertal plant*. The first of the Im
ported workmen will reach thli
country within a month, 4be De
partment -of Labor announced laat
The Employment Service ' of the
Department if Labor has already
found openings tor at least 10.000
Porto Ricaos aa common, laborer*
on construction work at .JVorfoIk,
Newport News. Baltimore pat
^ ?- . ' ? ?
The old adage. "Beware of
the gift-bearing Greek*" *?
exemplified in the preaeat day
by "peace-bearing Germane."
Germany forced "peace" upon
helpless and hapleas Ru
mania. and Rumania ts re
duced to a vasal state.
The Huns forced ?paaee"
upon the Ukraine, and now
are declaring war upon , the
Ukraine to enforce that
"peace." under the gutee of
"restoring order."
What treaties mean to the
Hun is shown by her Raaalan
annexation of Esthonla, l?ith
uania, Poland and Courland.
Rumania's fate l? an ex
ample of what is In store for
nations willing to accept peace
through any other medium
than the destruction of the
Hun by force of arm*
Romanian Peace
Sample of Wkat
Hon Treaties Are
Lieut. Edgerton Comes to
Aid and Flies from Penn
sylvania Town.
Lieut. James C. Edgerton. Wash
ington army aviator, safely delivered
in Washington again yesterday the
mall from New York and Philadel
phia. after a succession of accidents
to machines ol other men who at
tempted Its delivery bad made almost
everyone despair of ? Its reaching
Washington at all.
When engine trouble had disabled
all other available machines, offlctala
at Philadelphia requested the as* of
Lieut. Edgerton's machine. The lat
ter objected.
"If this machine takes the mall to
Washington. I'm going to pilot it,"
he declared..
He left Philadelphia at S:JS o'clock
in the afternoon, aod arrived at the
aviation field here at S:?. The mall
, from here went to Its destination on
| schedule time.
Machine Frem Hew V ?rfc.
The machine that started from New
York at II :W o'clock In the morning
was forced to descend at Bridgeport.
N. J. The mall waa transferred to
train and rushed to Philadelphia.
Taken up la the waiting airplane to
Philadelphia only a few miles had
been rovered of the distance to
Washington when engine trouble made
the return te Philadelphia necessary
The first speclsl /delivery messenger
was dispatched from the posloffice
here at 8:4S and the final batch of
mall was sent out at ?.
The first mall from Washington to
Philadelphia and l?ew York by the
Was Dutch Vessel of 8,700 Tons
Taken by U. S.
The B. S. ?. Vaanland was sunk
| in a collision at sea oa Mar IS. the
t Navy Department announced to
night. All persons aboard were
rescued and will be returned to the
United States.
The Vaanlaad waa a cargo car
rier. She was one of the Dutch
ships taken over by this govern
ment. and her capacity was t.lf
deadweight tons. The transport
was commanded and manned by the
navy for army account.
Clerk Gets $30,000 (or Elevator Mis
> hap; $25,000 for R. R. Accident
New Yarn. May ll?Harry Sto?
man. a shipping clerk, was given a
$10,000 verdict by a Jury W the Bu
i preme Court today, for the laaa of
? a foot la ah elevator accident.
I lira Benjamin Cohen waa award
ed t?.m ear theaieath of her hns
, band. killed by a New
? ? . r
Young Turks Declare Be
trayal Made Favoring
Leave (or Constantinople
and Sofia to Tackle
Revulsion of Feeling Aggravates
Difficulties of Ag
Paris. May 1C? Reports from all |
?tides confirm that there la bad Mood [
between Turkey and Bulgaria. They
(?how that the Young Turks are car
ryinf o* a^ bitter press campaign
against Bulgaria, the keynote of their
attacks being the charge that Tur
key wan betrayed by the eentral em- j
pi res in behslf it Bulgaria. The Bul
garian press, on the other hand, j
adopts an almost menacing tone to- j
ward Turkey.
Emperor Chariea. of Austria, and j
his new foreign minister. Baron Bu- l
risn, leave tomorrow for Constant!- j
nople and Sofia, according to Vienna
advices, in the hope of settling the
grave situation between the two cap
itala. Meanwhile the German ambas
sador at Constantinople (Count von
Bemstorff, formerly German Ambas
sador at Washington), is making
frantic efforts to pacify public sen
timent In Turkey. Ho la sending a
ifcwt nnnH rep?r
; from various sources, particularly
| from Athena, Is enraged over the vast
j territorial spoils accorded to Bulgaria
. by the Bucharest peace treaty. Turk- ,
| tab feeling Is intensified by Bulgaria's
; opposition to Turkey's claims to Adri
1a nop la and elsewhere. j
Hmmmmim Dropped Out.
J The "Peace of Bucharest." eo styled i
by the German Kaiser, w%s signed In
! Bucharest May 7- It ended hostili- i
ties between the central powers and
By the terms of the treaty, the cen
tral powers gained control of the j
petrol industry of Rumania, which
was Immediately formed into a tier-!
manixed monopoly. Rumania is also j
forced by the treaty to send all sur- I
plus grain to Germany for the next j
two years.
According to dispatches from Copen
hagen, dated May 7, the day that the
treaty was signed, still another term
of the peace treaty stated that the
northern part of the Dobrudja would I
not be joined to Bulgaria, but would
be governed by a commission repre
senting the central powers. Its ulti
mate fate to be decided later.
"Settlement** Theu?
Dispatches from Amsterdam on J
May X stated that the dispute be- j
tween Turkey and Bulgaria regard-I
ing the border readjustment had J
been settled. The southern part of I
the Dobrudja was ceded to Bulgaria,
while the northern part was made j
a "condominum" under the adminis
tration of the four central powers, j
As to the Russian border states, j
Vice Chancellor Von Payer told the ;
Reichstag's main committee that a
special ministry was to be created
for the conduct of the affaire of
these -statea He added that ^i^id
erable colonisation wag planned. His
speech Indicated eventual annexa
tions, making the border ststes a bar
rier between Germany and Russia
Bast Reacts Against Hnn.
From s hslf dosen sources there
came to Washington yesterday new
evidences thst German ruthlesaness in |
the East is producing a terrible re- |
action. Thia revulsion of feeling:
against German methods of conquest |
is revealed as producing further dis
content even In Berlin itself.
The 8tale Department received evl- j
dence that not half of the Ukrainian!
fields have been planted this year, that i
most of the seed grain had been eaten
by the starving peasants, and that few
stores remained for the Germans to
The antl-Qormsns in Ukraine ac
cuse the Kataer of stealing Sebas
Deaths in U. S. Training Fields
April 25 to May 8.
The War Department announced
yeaterdajr there were twelve deaths in
aviation accidents at ftytnx field* In
this country la the period from April
U to May 8. The fatalities occurred
at the following fields:
Cariatrooi field. Arcadia. Fla., I;
Haselhurst field. Mlneola. U I.. 2: Mc
field, Dayton. 2: Post field. Fort
Ok la., 1; Rockwell field. San
Dieto. Cat. 1; Scott field. Belleville.
HI., 1; Camp Taliaferro, Fort Worth.
Tax.. *; and Wllbor Wricht field. Fair
field. Ohio, 1.
Former GreekKu* Has New At
tack of Pleuciqr.
Geneva Ida Paris). Say H?Former
Kins Cvnatantioa, at Oratee. baa *uf
fcfCXT 1
w lei
I Wffk. WkM are
mmmmmmM VOl a?l?s ?
?abieilW to the
Americas RH Criwf What
are >oil atlilai U> the ea?ae far
which Aairiira'a >plca4M yaath
la m? all? Arc yaa.
tee. xtvlac yearself. While mt
while cities arc falling;,. while
the erica af teriared haaiaalty
Ml the air. the army
" RH t'raea
Craaa barn
aafe af hepe ar the black har
rar af the ptcft
crista will aa
aulf the seals af
Secretary Baker Issues First
Official American War
Deeds of Individual Valor
Are Recounted in Con
cise Terms.
With the AaiHf 4ray la
Praaee, Ma y 1C ? 4 at erica,
alght caaiaiaal^aci
-fa Ibarra lac there waa pa
tralHac activity and there waa
?yhi aa lacreaae la the artil
lery Are. Otherwise the 4a 7
_ f "issued here Testardsy1
by Secretary of War Baker, and the
pitcUce of keeping the peopie closely j
, Informed of tne array's activities is,
expected to be daily hereaf'^r The ]
Initial coramwi. 'tae. dated Mty la. and
issued at "Headquarters. American
Expeditionary Forces." reads as fol
Section A.
"Kortl of Toul and in Lorraine
there was marked increase of ar
tillery activity on both sides. To
day two of our aviators brought
clown three German machines.
There is nothing else of impor
tance to report. #
Section B.
"In Lorraine, May 12, three
xntpers. scouts of intelligence serv
ice went out in camouflage snip
ing suits to And Overman snipers
and encountered sixteen enemy at
strong point near dugout. The>
shot four of whom one appeared
to be an. officer secured valuable
papers and retired under heavy
Are. One failed to reach our lines
and titt majo ? commanding sector
sent three officers and four men
to find him. This patrol also pen
etrated enemy's line and reached
strong point attacked by first pa
trol. Here enemy was now in
force and our patrol was driven
back by hot rifle and grenade Are.
On reaching lines one man of
this patrol also found missing. Two
officers who went out to find htm
killed enemy scout and brought
back body for identification pur
poses. The man missing from sec
ond patrol has not been found, but
third Intelligence scout of first
i>arty has returned.
"On May 12 three officers of
our aviation force? were cited
in orders by the Commanding
General of a French Army Corps
and decorated with the Croix
de Guerre: Major Ralph Boyce,
of Hancock. Mich., for making
first American reconnaissance
flight over enemy's lines, and
for always setting fifie example
to hi* squadron;. First Lieuten
ant Herbert R. Garside, of New
York City, pilot, and Second
Lieutenant Paul D. Meyers, of
Milwaukee. observer, for an In
fantry liaison mission on April
12. Vfying at 300 meters they
flnishef' their mission in spite
of tense fire from enemy ma
chine and anti-aircraft guns.
Flylac Accident.
"North of Toul on afternoon
of May 14 Lieutenant Angel and
Lieutenant Emerson were killed
by fall-'within our lines of ob
servation plane In which ihey
were flying. Accident took
place within a cloud and par
ticulars are not known.
-North of Tool our aviators
today brought down three Ger
man twa-seated machine*, one
of our aviators bringing down
two and another bringing down
; r ? ?
London, May 1?.?Tonight", offl
cial report any*:
"Beyond artillery activity by both
side* particularly on the battle
froat north or the Lye there la notb
inc of Wecta! Interest to report"
<ATtattop> ? "Forty-three Ger
man machine, were ?hot down
by our aviator, and guns in the
last *4 hours "
Parta. May 1??Tonliht', War Of
fice oanmnaique tollowa:
"T>er? was mo Infantry action.
Reopening of Drive Fore
teen from Activity
of Aviators.
""""""?"?~ /
While British and French
Bring Down 61, Hun
Counts 33.
Squadron Attacks and Sinks m
Austrian Transport Near
London, May li.?TerriSc fight
I ing in the air marks the last pre
paratory phase before the reopen
ing of the great Western battle.
In this fighting the allied fliers
have decidedly the upper hand.
Yesterday alone no fewer than
tixty-one German airplanes wtrs
shot down by the French and Brit
ish?Eighteen by the former and
j forty-three by the Utter. Not nn
I til tonight did these record figures
I become known, as it always takes
I twelve hours or so before sll the .
I units of the aerial cavalry have
I returned and made full report*.
The Berlin war ofiice claim*
thirty-three French and British
airplanes to the CAmis tiers'
about one-half the total bagged
i by the allies. To encourage the
celebrated "circus" that was led
by Baron Richthofen up to his re
cent death, the Berlin bulletin
again mentions this squadron to
day. saying it brought down four
teen of the total.
Of infantry fighting there was
scarcely any during the last
twenty-four hours, but intense
gun duels continue in Picardy and
j Flanders.
Military critics have stopped
I speculation about the when and
| where of the new German blow ?
I usually a sign that it is very near.
On the Italian theater "increas
ed artillery activity" on both tidfi
in the Arsa and Lagarina valleys
was reported by Rome today. In
j a gallant local thrust Italian
troops dashed into the Austrian
positions on Monte Asolene yes
terday, inflicting heavy losses on
the foe and taking prisoners.
American Batteries
Set Several Fires.
! With the American Army In Franc*
May It American batterlee on the
French front In Picardy sat lira to
several buildings In Montdidler <south
ern pivot of the German Picardy
wedge, aoutheaet of Aniens) laat night
and kept up "strafing"* the enemy
communications elf actively There
waa intermittent German machine
gun Are from Cantlngny.
An American patrol drove o? an
enemy patrol. There waa much
activity of nflea, artillery, and avme -
tore, but the Infantry was gnlet.
The French brought dowa two Ger
man flyers yesterday In air fighting
over our front. A ftock of German
planes passed the American and
French lines last night and drew a
lively Are from the batteries on the
front and in the rear.
Presumably It was this German
squadron that raided Paris last night
The enemy la making libera! uee of
caterpillar rockets and searchlights In
our eectlon. Today there were ecee
slonal repulses or patrol raids. Our
guns of all calibers were vigorously
active demoralising the German
forces There waa no real Infantry
The French are proud sf the grit
and skill of ths TanV.ee artillery
British Airplanei Bomb
London. May H.-A British ??ua4
?on ef bombing planes creased the
western front early today and headed
straight for Saarbnieoken (bear
bruecki In Rhenish Prussia, net
than *0 miles from the British a?r
beers Is Belgium, and mere than
j thirty milea inside the Fi?s?cn-<jer
j man border. Every mile of the wa'
the Brit tab raiders fought a running
| battle with German battle pianos try
ing deaperately te rent them. As la*
battle line waa pressed ten German
machlnee took up the pursuit By the
time Saerbruecken Was reached there
Tbe British planes not only got un
harmed to their daotlaatto*. but hav
ing got there, calmly carried e?it their
arhednled wot* of dletmetleo. *rmf
ig twenty tsar Mg I Jigta en the

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