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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 18, 1918, Image 1

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Nft 4222.
?? mi i ? i i i. i ?? "I 1 n ii 4 J m ,*
MAY 20,25
John P. Weires, of Biandens
burg Done Away and
Body Hidden.
Found in Richmond, Where
They Are Said to Have
Chauffeur Took Men and Two Wo
men in Car; Fatal Assault
As Washington police made an all
night hunt with searchlights in the
woods near Alexandria (or the dead
body of John P. Weres. SI years old,
-TW Blade napurg road northeast, two
soldiers. Charles E. Gamble, 21 years,
and Robert Newman. 21 years old.
far away in a Richmond police sta
tion house, are said to have confessed
to one of the moat brutal murders that
the District has ever known.
Headquarters Detectives Grant and
Armstrong had been sent to Rich
mond. Over the long distance tele
phone they told Inspector C. L. Grant,
chief of detectives, that both men had
confessed to the murder.
Werres was employed at the Gov
ernment Printing Office and drove a
"jitney" on H street northeast after
office hours. He left his home last
Friday* telling his wife that he had
ar engagement with two soldiers and
two women for an evening trip In his
Drag Body Away.
According to the alleged confession.
made by toe soldiers, Werres had
kept th*? cn^agi-ment, but ?n argu
ment was started after they had
i tossed the Highway Bridge, when
Werres refused to drive them any
They are said to have admitted to
the detective that they hit him over
the head with a bottle and rendared
him unconscious, and that when ne
revived, a second blow was struck,
and his body was taken from the ma
chine and dragged about fifty feet
into the woods, where they left it.
The soldiers then proceeded in his
machine and went to Richmond.
The two soldiers were arretted in
Richmond last Saturday for violation
of traffic regulations. Both of them
were in civilian's clothes, and. accord
ing to th?? police, two. blood-stained
uniforms rrcre under the rear seat.
The men weie then held as deserters
.-nd placed in the guardhouse *t
<*?mp I^ee, Petersburg, Va.
b*>llo their arrest, the auto
ruftbil .was Identified as belonging to
WT+ The Virginia authorities
^r'?0fBVunicated with the local police.
dnH Detectives Jot Grant and Arm
strong. with warrants charging them
with grand larceny, left yesterday for
the Virginia camp to investigate the
A close questioning of the soldiers
resulted In the alleged confession
Both men talked freely and ara said
to have told everything they knew
of the murder.
Both prisoners will be brought to
Alexandria today.
Up to a late hour last night Werres*
body had not been recovered, al
though several searching parties
were scouring the woods in the vicin
ity where the soldiers say the mur
der was committed.
Wife Collapse*.
When informed of the murder of her
huaband, Mrs. Werres collapsed, and
a physician had to be summoned. Her
condition la critical.
The two soldiers were of Company
A. Wist Engineer Corps, detailed at
Gtenbumie. Anne Arundel County^
Md., which is about twenty miles
from Washington.
At the time of their arrest, two
women were with them, but they were
not detained by the police, and have
disappeared One Is said to lhre In
a suburb of Washington.
MaJ. Pullman, who was directing the
searching parties, was confident last
night Weres* body would be found
before dawn.
Advertising men have
queer arguments to answer in
the course of a
day's work.
A merchant
said to me a
Awhile back:
"Who reads ad
vertising, anyway?**
I asked him if he didn't read
the advertising columns of The
He answered. "Yes. but I
am interested; I want to set
what my competitors are do
Mr. Mercfaaat, the public is
^ ,.J - ? A
? I
White House Wool
For RedCro4s Aid;
Auction in Lots
i ~
Wool clipped from the
White House flock of sheep
will be sold at auction
throughout the United States
for the benefit of the second
Red Cross war fund. Gov
ernors of the fort y-e i g h t
States will be the auctioneers.
President and Mrs. Wilson
announced before leaving
for New York yesterday
that they wished to help in
the $100,000,000 drive in this
\*ay. The Red Cross offi
cials immediately decided to
comply with the President's
The sheep, which. were
first pastured on the/ White
House lawn three weeks
ago, were sheared this week.
The clippings netted ap
proximately ninety pounds
of wotol. The plan suggest
ed by President and Mrs
Wilson was that the wool
be divided into packages
containing about two pounds
each, and a package be sent
to each State for auction.
Requests will go out to
the governors, asking them
to be the auctioneers, at
once. Owing to the short
time available, it will be
necessary to receive bids by
I wire, last night's announce
I ment said.
Parade Wfll Be Marked by
Singing of National
Bath nra aad ?'?"
brn at the Rrd Creea arc <?
Wmm nht tr* Ml N ??!
farm will, if pa?IkUs wear
white. Men will wear dark
riotbra. aad. If peealkl*. atraw
hata. 1
aaiowakllea will ht al
igned la the parade.
All atari members af tkr
Rrd Craaa kirias service la(>
nkt are aat atembera af unl
f armed kedlea will aaarek te
netker at tke head af the eighth
,ll%lalaa. Women la the Bal
f a rated hodlea having aervlev
Maita will enrry them a. they
marek la Ike aaifarmed kadlea.
Twenty thousand marchers will take
? part In the Red Cross parade In
Washington this afternoon. All Walks
of life, creeds, sects and occupations
will be represented ?y those who
march, typifying the spirit of the
American Ked Cross, with sons and
Eight divisions, composed both of
men and women, will start promptly
' at 4:43 o'clock this afternoon down
Sixteenth street, from Scott circle,
around Lafayette Park, past the
White House, to the Red Cross ouild
I ins on Seventeenth 'street, whera it
will disband.
All Bureaus Represented.
Every government department and
bureau in Washington will be repre
I sented by one or more companies ot
! men and women In the parade. Worn
I en who taks part In the parade win
; for the most part wear uniforms,
> though those who have none have
, been asked to wear white, while the
: men participants have hssn requested
by the committee In charge to wear
lark clothes and straw hats.
bed by the Marine Band, first wilt
come the officers and stall of the na
tional Red Croaa organisation, fol
lowed by the executive and financial
committee of the District of Columbia
Chapter. Mrs Daniels, wife of the
?Secretary of the Navy, and Mrs.
Baker, wife of the Secretary of War.
will march next, leading a group of
prominent women Red Cross workers.
Each of the eight divisions wll) be
1 led by a band, and as each one passes
a given point, they will sing a.desig
I nated song or hymn. When the
> parade has got well under way the
\ whole line of twenty thousand marcb
; ers will sing' In unison. "America"
is the anthem chosen. "The Battle
Hymn of the Republic" and "On
ward, Christian Soldiers." will follow,
and as the parade passes the White
House, "The Red, White snd Blue"
win be sung. When the end of the
route has been reached, and the
' marchers disband, they will sing
"The Star Spangled Banner." ' ~
A telegram from Henry P. Davison,
In New York, will be read from in
front of the Red Cross building, /when
the paradd has been concluded, by
Henry P. White, former United
States Ambassador to France. The
need of the continued aid of tlx en
tire country In the work of the Red
1 Cross will he toW by Mr. Davison in
his message. ^ -
Cable fresa Pershing.
From behind tha. trenches in Francs,
Major General Perstrtng will cable a
message to Mr. White to be read at
the Sams time.
TV P"r*de will take two hours
to (Asa ^ given point and win he
reviewed from the State. War and
Navy building by Secretary ot the
Navy Daniels. (_
With bands at the head of lack
Former Justice to Choose
Assistants (or Aero
. x
Military Affairs Committee
Declares "Covert Pur
pose" Nonexistent.
Former Justice Charles E. Hughes
j arrived here last night to take charge
of the Department of Justice lnvesti
I -ation Into the aircraft charges. He
went at dnce to his hotel, and denied
j himself to reporters. Through his sec
I retary he explained that he could
I have nothing to say until after hla
conference today with Attorney Gen
eral Gregory.
It is known that Mr. Hughes will be
assigned to offices in the Department
of Justice, and will select his own as
sistants. It Is understood that Assist
ant Attorney General Frlerson. who
has already made a study of the Borg
lum reports and the findings of the
Snowden Marshall committee, will
be one of his principal aides.
It Is generally believed that on
account of the hints of criminality
In the expenditure of government
appropriations Judge Hughes will
favor a secret investigation.
Trace la Seaate Fight.
There was a temporary truce in
the Senate tight over the Chamber
lain resolution for a concurrent in
j vMitigation by the Military Affairs
Committee. Action upon the resolu
tion and upon the report of the
minority members of Senator Thomp
son's committee on contingent ex
penses have gone over until Mon
day. Senator Thompson presented
the minority report of the com
mittee in the Senate yesterday, and
It was received without comment.
A strong movement wag begun by
laMn of the MtMtary Affaire Com*
mlttee yesterday afternoon to con
vince administration Senators that
they are wrong In accepting the con
? elusion of the President that passage
fof the resolution providing for a con
j tinuance of the Investigation would
be a reflection on the ^administration,
j In this movement, the committee was
considerably strengthened by the new
, est declaration of the Presldeift, which
was made on the train carrying him
i to New York. The President author
ised Secretary Tumulty to announce
that he was not opposed to further
investigation by the Military Affairs
Committee, but did object to the
"covert purpose" of the Chamberlain
resolution. He declared, further, that
this purpose was "well understood."
When the text of this announce
ment reached members of the com
mittee they undertook to point out
that there was no "covert purpose"
attached to the resolution, but that
it differed very slightly from the reso
lution adopted last December under
which the committee had been pro
ceeding. The things asked for In
the new resolution in addition to the
powers already possessed by the com
mittee are three In gumher. as fol
1?To allow the subcommittee to sit
during recess or during sessions of
the Senate.
2?To hire Investigators.
1 To Incur traveling expenses.
| Alliance of Wilhelm and Charles
Mystery to Public Press.
German newspapers have been un
able to learn the exact terms under
which the "closer alliance" between
Germany and Austria was secured at
the recent conferences between the
Kaiser and Kmperor Karl. Some of
the papers believe that the dream
of Bismarck for a great mlttel
europa will be realised, before the
close of the war, but others fear
that the apparent disregard of the
Kaiser and the Emperor for the opin
ion of the Reichstag and the Relchs
rath. the popular assemblies of the
two nations, may bring a storm of
disapproval from the public.
~ The Deutsche Zeitung. a pan-Ger
man organ, says: "Particular Impor
tance should be attached to the pres
ence of the King of Bavaria at the
The Taegllsche Rundschau believes
that Austria-Hungary In return for
military akl has been assured of Ger
man support In annexing Poland.
The Berliner Tageblatt says: "For
some time It has been said that Ger
many would not be opposed to the
joining of Polsnd to Austria, If the
latter, both from a military and eco
nomic standpoint, were definitely at
tache^ to Germany."
Taking Rostoff German Violation
Brest-Litov*k Treaty.
London. May 17,-The British Admir
alty baa picked op a wireless not*
froan the Ru??i?i? foreign Minister,
11. Tchltcherln, ordering the Russian
ambassador at Berlin. M. JoHt, to
protest against the capture by the
Germans of RostolT-on-the Don. point
ing oat that It. was a violation of the
Rrest-Lltovsk tasty.
ChrisUania. Mar 17.?A number of
whales caugbt on the wast eaaat of
Norway have supplied tba first whale
meat ever oflsiod on ft. ot>au asarttet
In Christlaaia for human food. The
meat to a total of several tons, was
prioaa ranging fnrt?
U. 5. Makes Victory Sure,
Boer Leader Tells Scots
'Hun, in Position of Napoleon, Must Win on
' Land and Sea, But Cannot, Gen.
Smuts Asserts.
Glasgow, May 17.?"The enemy U
now awake to the power of tha Amer
icana, who at laat realised the great
danger to the world. Our American
allies are coming over by the tenfl
' of thousands monthly, In order to
1 bear their faM* end proper ahare of
the trouble."
General Christian 8muts. the fa
! mo us Boer-leader, now a member of
the British War Council and looked
upon In the allied countries as one
of the foremost British soldier-states
men, thus summed up the war situa
tion in a speech before a large gath
ering of ship owners here today.
America's help, he said, made the
, j allies' ultimate victory abeohitely fer
taln. Gen. Smuts said: /
Am Aaaleas SftMtlea.
"If the last English soldier were
i driven from France, Germany would
! not win, because she must win both
' on land and at sea. Her position is
?the same as that of Napoleon. The
,1 situation will be full of the greatest
anxiety for msny days, but the en
, emy can not win. for his cause Is
. wrong, and we must and will win
because our cause Is right.
"The enemy thought that, by Rus
, sia's breakdown. Germany had e
chance, through fepeated gigantic
blows, to break our military resist
ance. so she. Germany, would emerge
j aa the dominant power. The enemy
made his great effort. He achieved
a success which few thought possible,
but he did not go all the way?and
he never will.
"If we want to win the war. we
shall have to strain every nerve. If
we do that, we cannot fall, and tha
result cannot be doubtful.
"The enemy is no stronger than we
David, Hun Socialist Lead
er, Warns Against Peace
Forced by Arms.
Deputy David, leader of the Ger
man majority Socialist*. In an article
published In tha Hchwaeblache Tag
wacht, states frankly that a military
victory does not assure Germany of
winning the war. because ultimate
i victory rests upon Its ability to over
come the economic preasure which the
i alltea can always bring to bear. He
; writes:
"If Germany does not aucceed, when |
peace Is concluded. In dissolving the
I world coalition, the war will be loat
{for her. for In this ease one could not
t call tt a veritable peace.
I "It will be only an armlatlce. whose
I burdens caused by armaments will
bring us to a state of total exhaus
tion. We can not forever hold the
entire world under our domination.
The situation of our country is most
serious, In spite of the success we have
won and those we shall obtain in the
Military Peace *?! Stable.
"It Is impossible to be mistaken
| about It. when one coolly considers
I face to face the resources which the
| adversaries have at their disposal. A
peace dictated by the military has
been concluded In the East, and we
are already beginning to feel the ef
fects of it."
From the laat sentence, it would
appear that the Russian and other
defeated nations are doing all in
their power to prevent the German
nation from realising any material
advantages. At the same time the
statement apparently Is written with
the thought that no direct criticism
of the military party can be made
safely at this time In Germany.
Cseeha and Jage-Slavs.
, In some quarters here it is be
lieved that David's statement Is the
result of the growing unrest evi
denced by the Okechs and the Jugo
slavs. A Swiss newspaper leports
the Caecb delegation has declared
that, if the Austrian government
proceeds with the constitution of
German districts In Bohemia, the
Csech nation will answer this pro
vocation with a bloody revolution.
The Jugo-SVivs are reported to be
making preparations for an upris
The Serbian deputy Voukotinch
has declared that the Serbs will
faithfully stand by the other Jugo
slavs, and defend to the last drop
of blood the Slavic oountrles. The
president of the Croatia Club In
Vienna says. "The Croatlns. In view
of the Jugo-81av decisions, accept
the war Impoaed and will jonduct
it to the end." !
are la actual number*. Heretofore,
the unity of hie command, and the
abeence of It on the alliee' aide, hare
led to the diaaipation of our force*.
Now our unity of command, for
which the country la Indebted to
Premier Lloyd-George, will prove val
Here the epeaker interposed some
remarks of high praise for the prime
minister. Lloyd-George had faulta,
he said, but they were the faults
of genius. He continued:
"We'll stand the breaks. Let the
enemy knock himself to pieces
against our stone wall. LudendorfTs
offensive came like a blinding flash
of lightning In a dark night, show
ing ue where tfft danger was. It
was shown us that this nation ia
by no means secure ss yet.
His Caaae Is Wreag.
1 "Germany is fighting for victory.
She is not going to sacrifice hun
dreds of thousands, perhaps mllllona.
of Uvea without attempting desper
ately to secure a definite objective.
The enemy might come within an
aca of victory, but ha will not se
cure It, because his cause Is wronic."
Gen. Smuts then summed up the
alllaa' war alms:
"We do not want an Indemnity; we
want no countries, no annexations;
wa are fighting for the llbarty. free
dom and lighta of the nations, large
and small.
"We do not want to abolish Ger
many or exact an indemnity from
"But we want 4o see these results
?liberty, freedom, and the right* of
all nation*?eafeguarded by a lasting
Starts for Philadelphia, I
Lands in Cape Charles,
Lost?Army aviator carrying IT. S.
mails, flying in Curtlss machine,
somewhere between Cape Char lea.
Va., and Philadelphia. Pa. Finder re
turn to Otto Praeger. second assistant
postmaster general. City Post Office,
Washington. D. C., and receive re
Lieut. George L. Boyle, who left
Washington at 11:30 yesterday morn-,
ing on the third daily trip from Wash- J
ington to Philadelphia of the new air '
mail aervice. lost his course after
passing over Baltimore, and was com
pelled to land at Cape Charles. Va., ,
at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. i
With the exception of the lost a via- '
tor, the third day of the air mail ser
vice was successful. Lieut. Millar,
who made the flight from Philadelphia
to Washington, arrived at the aviation
field at Potomac Park at 1:40 in the
afternoon, five minute* ahead of
schedule time.
Lieut. Boyle landed at Cape Charles
to eecure information as to his where
abouts at 2:4fc. After filling his tank,
he proceeded, towarda Philadelphia.
He has not been heard of since.
Lieut. Tony Webb, who waa to re
lieve Lieut. Boyle at Philadelphia
and take the mall from there to
New York, made the trip to New
York, without waiting for the Waah
ington mail. He arrived at Bel
mont Park. New York, at S:S0.
The New York to Washington
trip was begun by. Lieut. Culver,
who made the trip from New York
to Philadelphia. On his arrival
there, the mail was transferred to
Lieut, lliller, who made the flight
from Philadelphia to Washington
safely, arriving here at 2:40. He
brought with him on this trip ilO
pounds of mail. The mail which
was sent from this city to Phila
delphia and New York yesterday
conslsled of 168 pieces.
Lieut. Edgerton. the Washington
flyer, who made the trip from Wash
ington to Philadelphia and the re
turn trip from Philadelphia on
Thursday, will make the flight from
thle city to Philadelphia today.
! $5,000,000 Found in New York |
Invested by Custodian.
A secret Bernstorff fund of 16,000.000,
intended for German propaganda and
sabotage, baa been Mixed by the
United State*. It waa teamed last
night, and converted into Third
Liberty Loan bond..
Thla money waa found on deposit
with Lee Hlgglnson * Co.. of Boaton
and New Yorit, and turned over to A,
Mitchell Palmer, Alien Property Cua
todian, who turned It Into the Treas
ury to help defeat Germany.
Besides the 16,000,000 Intended for
German aplea, sedition breeder, and
IncendlariaU. now turned against
them, the Allen Property Custodian
Invested (90.000,000 of other German
moneys In the liberty loan.
Thirty million of thla was In cash. I
Its aggregate of various German
S20,000,000 was Invested, by order of
r. Palmer, ley the directors of Oar- |
I man owaad corporations In this i
I try whoss stock 1ms be.
1200,000 GOING
House Committee Learns
Promised "Million by
July" Assured.
Legislators Urge 5,000,000
Army; Appropriation
Bill Delayed.
The House Military Affair* Commit
tee found It Impossible to complete
the military appropriations bill, call
Inc for 111.771.000,000. yesterday owing
to the necessity of making addition
al allowances for army transporta
tion. It will tte Monday or Tuesday,
at the earliest, before the measure
can be reported
The original estimates were based
upon recommendations by Secretary
Baker two weeks ago. Since that
tune, troop movements to Francs have
Increased at a rate which has exceed
ed all expectations.
The committee has been officially
i Informed by army transportation ex
perts that a minimum of 200.000 fight
ing men will have been moved across
the Atlantic during May. The maxi
mum movement believed poaeible on
April ? was 125.000. The l.OOO.OOO men
for the expeditionary forces by July
4 Is said to be sssured.
Arasy ?f 3.MO.O*#.
The bill carrying the unprecedent
ed appropriations will provide funds
for the maintenance of the army dur
ing the Uses I year ending June 30,
1919 It will pay the cost of mobilis
ing. equipping and transporting a to
tal army of approximately 3.500.000.
A majority of members of the mili
tary committee are of the opinion
that the War Department estimates
should have been based on an army of
MK.000 men.
?It la regarded aa a certainty that,
before the close of the coming Bscal
year, and probatilv befeee the end of
the present calendar year, the neces
sity for S.000,000 men will be apparent.
The bill which makes available for
the draft all young men who have
become of age since June S, 191,. the
date of the original selective service
law, went to the White House for
the signature of President Wilson
yesterday. It la expected that June
5, which Is less than three weeks
off. will be set aside as registration
day for this new class. Such de
tails are left for the President to
decide, however, and will be made
known In the proclamation under
which Ihe President will place the
amendment in operation.
Law ta AatsswHr.
The law is automatic, in that all
young men who are 21 by June 5
of each year, during the period of j
the war, will become subject to the
draft, without further legislation.
The President s proclamation Is ex
pected as soon as he returns from
New York. It will be immediately
followed by an announcement from
the Provost Marshal General's office j
of plans and Instructions for the
registration. Local boards, already I
highly organized and familiar with
every detail of the draft work, will i
be utilised.- |
The new crop of draftees is ex
pected to yield more than 1,000."001
who can meet the physical require
ments for soldiers of the I'nlted
States army.
At the Quartermaster General's of-1
flee announcement haa been made
that equipment, shelter and adequate
training facilities for the additions
to numerical strength will be ready
as rapidly as the men are assem
R presents Pro-German Element.
Will Not Form Army. j
ermany and Austrls have ratifled
formation of a new Polish cab
the third to be formed since Po
waa overrun by the Prussians.
I new cabinet is formed- under the
niership of J. K. Steczkowskl. who
announced a policy of concllla
1 toward the central powers in re
? for their support of the Polish
nstional alma.
Officials here state that the new
cabinet Is not representative of the
Poliah people and la only another
weak effort <rf the German nation to
deceive the millions of disaffected na
tions of Central Europe who have
been watching closely the administra
tion of Poland.
The new cabinet has no war min
istry. This Is ascribed to the fear of
the German leaders that if a Polish
army were formed an uprising would
follow. Premier Stecskowaki has as
sumed the office of minister of the
treasury. Other members of the new
administration are Jan Steckl. min
ister of the Interior; Nlgersberger.
minister of justice; Stanlsiaw Dsierx
blcki, minister of agriculture; Piotr
Draewiecki. minister of Industry ano
commerce; 'Dr. Chodske. minister or
labor; AntoM Ponlkewskl. minister of
public instruction, and Prince Janusa
Radslwltl. director of the department
of political affati*. The Utter la the
son of Prinoe Ferdinand Radii will,
leader of the Poliah group In the Ger
man Relchatag. ~ ^
Dublin, May
Shortt tonight L
saying that oei tain
munlcated with ~
their action refl
name of Ireland. He <
Tired Man Hat Gssd
Tune?Tu Wilson
Now in New York
New York, May 17.?
Wood row Witson, a tired
? man, had a good time to
At a revue show tonight
the President of the United
States temporarily forgot
the war and the burdens
resting upon his shoulder*
and threw himself into the
enjoyment of the perform
ance of one of the leading
American comedians. \
* During the second act at
the theater which the Presi
dent attended an actor gave
an impersonation of the
President, at the same time
thrpwing down a sign which
read: ^The Worlds Abra
ham Lincoln"
The audience broke into
tremendous applause which
lasted for fully five minutes.
The President rose several
times and bowed. Finally lie
was forced to speak. He
"Ladies and gentlemen,
you are laboring under a
delusion. You think yon see
the President of the United
States, but you merely secy
a tired man having a good
The President seemed to
enjoy the amusement thor
oughly. After the perform
ance he went to his hotel.
With Mrs. Wilson he dined
tonight with Col. and Mrs.
E. M. House, who also ac
companied him to the the
President Wilson opens
up the Red Cross war fund
drive in this city tomorrow.
Mountain Republic Looks
on Coal Embargo as Fore
word to Invasion.
Pari*. May 17.?An intense crisis
liai iri?en between Germany and
Switzerland, similar to the recent
Dutch crisis. The chief issue is the
shipment of coal. A large section of
the Swiss pr??s is bitter in its com
ments on the extortionary German
<1?-mand?. considering them pre
paratory to reducing the mountain
republic to a German vassal state.
Following the Germans threat to
stop sending coal to Switzerland al-j
together, the directors of the Swiss,
Federated Railroads demanded thej
return of four thousand Swiss!
freight cars now in Germany. Thej
Germans are holding these car* as
a means of pressure. France has,
offered to furnish Switzerland 85.
000 tons of coal monthly. bu? Swit
zerland must furnish the cars. Ger- |
manv proposes that Switzerland.
take only 2.'.000 tons monthl/j
from France, and guarantee to take
all that Germany supplies at be
tween $40 and $44 per ton. If the
Swiss refuse. Germany threatens to
stop all shipments.
This situation opens up a prospect,
of intense suffering In Switzerland,
especially among the poor, during
the coming winter.
An economic convention ww
Just about to be signed between the
two countries, when this new crisis
arose. The agreement is still un
signed. German press announce
ments to the eontrsry notwith
Official Reports
From War Fronts
With the American Army in
France. May 11?The official state
ment issued todsy from American
headquarters aays:
"Fighting was limited today to
reconnaissances and intermittent
artillery activity.
"There was increased aerial ac
tivity north of Tool and in Lor
raine *?
London. May 17.?The tezt of to
nights' official report from Field Mar
shal Haig follows:
"We carried out a successful raid
last night in the neighborhood of
Besumont-Hamel (PIcardy) and cap
tured a few prisoners.
"This morning a hostile post north
of Merriz (Flanders) was rasned by
our troops. The garrison was killed
or driven out
"From the remainder of the front
there Is nothing to report beyond ar
tillery activity on both sides.
Aviation?Forty German machines
were brought down by the British in
the last twenty-four hours. Five Brit
ish machines are missing Thirty
three tons of bombs were dropped on
the German battle area.
Puts, Way 17-Avtattoo?Btven 0*c
mu machines war* broagtu Sows by
th? French yesterday. Mere than MS
tma of bomb* wer? dropped oa the
German battle araaa between Mar M
Avalanche of Missiles of All
Calibers Let Lose 45
Artillery Sets Fire to Am
munition Dump Near
Supremacy in Air of Alhci Still
Maintained; French Bag
> Seve?.
Staff of !.*.??
With the American Army m
France, May 17? The entire
American sector on the French
front in Picardy was subjected t?
a violent artillery bombardment
for forty-five minutes early thia
The Germans hurled an ava
lanche of shells from their //??
105s and 150s into our lines. The
Yankees replied with a double
dose, setting fire to a Gerina?
ammunition dump in the rear of
?he village of Cantigny.
French pilots brought down
two German observation balloons,
one erashir.g to earth in flames.
Kineteen enemy balloons wera
counted, one of them carrying a
light-signal apparatus. German
land French airplanes were activa
! throughout the moonlit night.
t The first settled weather i?
many a day is marked by excep
tional activities day and night.
Last night re5emWed a Fourth
of July celebration at home.
Tracer ballets, caterpillar and star
rockets, searchlights and bursting
shells constantly filled the air.
Airmen Check Enemy's
Offensive in West
London. May IT,-Tha allies- avtatoip
ait holding up Hindenburg's offensive.
It la not the enemy * losses. nor the
need to reform his division*, regroup
hut units, reconstruct hia roads and
railways, and bring up artillery, mu
nitions and supplies, that Is postpon
I ing day after day. week after week,
1 the recommencing of his drive
It Js the allied bombing squadrons,
raiding dav and night, and the pho
tographing eacadrilles. snapping pic
ture* of everything the enemy doc?.
It la the flying artillery regulators, di
recting the allies' battery work. an?
Anally it la the wonderful allied sin
gle-seater fighting planes which prac
tically prevent the enemy from ow
ing their lines and observ ing their di?
I positions?theae various blanches of
the allied air service hold the real
|r newer to the question. "Why doesn t
I Hindenberg strike""
(gsa*Rlq?i tibials.
The British. French and American
aviation ?;ommunlQUee explaia a by
the much advertised blow baa not yet
come. The German blab command
knows full well ttoe truth of the allies
statement that every day'a delay in
creaaea the chances of Foch amaahine
the German attacks, and diminish.1?
Hindenburg's prospects of scoring an
other blow like tha Ust.
I Only the soldiers at tlie front know
how the British and French flyers
rose to the occasion la the last bitter
days of March and early in April, and
none carc to think whst would hsv
| happened if the allies bad lost their
supremacy Mi the air. As It was. th?
British aerodromes practically took
the air" and flew backward, re-eetab
liahlni; ftiemoelvee in the rear succes
sively as the enemy's columns pushed
forward, at the aame time continuing
the work of hampering the eoemj'e
advance continually.
The tremendous British aviation ef
fort Is Just beginning to bear fruit,
and It wilt ba an evan more remark
able tale to tell when It baa fully
London. May 1;.?Tha cavalry of tbo
air. taking advantage of Meal
w rather, again dominated all activ
ity and tntareei In the wast during
tha last M hours. Both sides had
great fleets of battle planes up. sad
innumerable doe la were fought In tha
Intense struggle In which Teuton and
allied armiee are frantically trying
to cut out one another's "ayes" be
fore the titanic battle on the ground
raopeaa Whole sewadroo. clashed la
spectacular flnlak flghta
The allied flyers maintained the*
as may ba
_ contained la
ht'e British. French and German
1 *y

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