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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 19, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1918-05-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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MAY 20-25
-25_ - | fxiTT
6 WEEK" I . I 1 ?
^?RT I- ill
NO. 4223.
Hidden in Clump of Bushes
Four Miles from
Robert Newman Weeps; C.
H- Gamble Shows Only
Mrs. Harry Burgess, One of Party
Will Be Held as a
- Witness.
Terribly decomposed, the body
of John P. Werres, missing jit
ney driver, to whose murder on
May 10 two army deserters have
confessed, was found late yester
day afternoon in a clump of
bushes at Torreyson's station on
what is known as the Bon Air
property, near Blucmont Junction,
four miles from Washington.
( Identification of the "body was
made through a signet ring on
the dead man's finger. A scarf
pin with his initials engraved on
it was also found'on him. His
wallet having in it his chauffeur's
card was found a short distance
from the body. I
Stayer* Kind Bod).
Two soldier*. Charles Earl Gamble,
and Robert Newman, privates In Com.
Pany W*t Engineers, stationed at
Glenburnie, Md.. w ho have confessed'
to the murtier. led the searching par-'
ties to the scene of the crime.
In the roadway was found glass
from a broken hottle. with which
they said the man was killed. .The
iron bar with which, according to the
soldiers confession Werres was
beaten, could not be found.
When the scene of the murder was
reached the soldiers' told the driver
to halt and the searching party
'-limbed the 12-foot emttankment at
?J*16 side of the road. A few minutes
later Headquarters Detective Hugh
lett shouted to his comrades that he
had located the body. At the cry
Newman broke down and wept.
The body was badly decomposed.
While the searchers were in 'he
woods looking for the body, the two
soldiers were kept under alof^ guard
in the automobile. Gamble throughout
bore an 'ndifTerent and surly air, but
his companion evidently realized the
gravity of the offense and was visibly
, "re- Harry Burgess. IS years old.
?the woman in the case,- admitted to
detectives yesterday that she was In
the automobile at the time of the mur
der. and directed a searching party
early yesterday morning, she was un
able. however. to tind the spot where
the run,i 9 body was.
-Loved I.ankle Better."
Mrs Burgess' husband is in the
Marine Corps, stationed- at Quan
tico. \ a. She told the police yes
cYmhT 'hat ghe w?s going with
Gamble because she loved him bet
ter than her husband. While she
was on the fatal automobile trip
with Gamble, her flve-month-old
baby died /ind it was buried before
she could reach her home In Laurel
Md. * j
After conducting the unsuccess
ful search yesterday morning Mrs.
Burgess was taken to the Alexan
dria county Jail at Fort Myer
Heights. She is being held* as a
State's witness.
Immediately after finding the
body, the two soldier* were whisked
**ay to Alexandria County jail.
The first person they saw as thev
entered the corridor was Mrs
Bu r cress.
The woman wept bitterly when
she saw Gamble and threw herself
celT" ,i,t,e b*nch in the little !
Tried to Ceaaele.
Gamble tried to console her and
?aid: Don t cry about it. kid. you I
won t yet In wrongr."
*?" Were "recent when
. iflL. W<>rrc" was found were
astonished at the ability of tlx *ol
f'ers ? ,locat; ,h? 8P?t The harm
the soldiers had to climb Is fuuy
twelve feet in height and they walked
with their victim fully seventy-live
yards where they laid him In a thick
underbrush The entire ground is in
a thick underbrush and is seldom
traversal by anyone. Had the so.
diers not been able to locate the apo,.
there is a probability that the body
never would have been found
Werres. who was employe*' In the
government Print!..? Offlee?drove a
Jitney" on H 4'rect northeast after
free hours. 7.ax? Vrl.Jav 1 .ft
his home, no Bladenabur, rejd
ilTh ?o' m, "eeP " <?**?ment
f two ?lrl? who
J? 0 *r,ve tliem a'Hint
tne city.
The soldiers state that an arru
tfcm r?fn"*1 to drive!
tnem any further after reaehinw!
the little Station at Torrly.o^'
WeT?"" 'bat- he struck I
re^d^J.J* near-beer bottle.
? UB">'"?c|ou.. When
ne revived a second blow with .
bottl. wM .truck and vu followed
by ? blow with .. iron rod.
oojmauzD otT
20,000 PARADE
'Greatest Mother on Earth'
Has Many District
PARADES IN U. S. 2,000
Occasion Was Observed
Throughout Country;
Motor Processions.
I Twenty thousand children of "the
! greatest .no; her on eartn"?the A?cr"
i kali Ked r.oss-yesterda* ,n;'rchea
! through tho street* of Washington.
openrntr the local drive In toe week s
Campaign of the RedCross for iU
second war frnd of flOO.COO. JW.
; Clad in White, with their l,a(lRea of
I service, thousands of women R?d
i Cross worker* and additional hun
dredlT oT'nen engaged In ^vlaUng
the sufferings of the war, led by 'he
i Marine Band, marched down Six-,
; teenth street from Scott Circle to ^a
I favette Par*, east on H ?tr?et to
Madison place, thence to Pennsylva
nia avenue to Seventeenth street and
touth to the Red Cross Bu.ldin*
! where they heard from
! Henry P. Davison and Marshal Ifocn, |
! allied commander-in-chief
anil a letter rent from Go*: \/hitman.
! of New York, to President v> ilson
I No fewer than 2.?*> Red Cross
parades were held in cities and towns
i throughout the country, ac ordin* u?!
' advices received at the national head- j
, alters of the Red Cross liere yes-1
?<-rdav. Considerably more than **?.-?
C m juart-her* u* #?rt ta the?
In some places' throughout the
country other parades will he held
today. In several places automobile
naiades were held, running from one
end of a county to another. There |
were three hundred parades In which ,
more than four hundred thousand
I pectfons maivhed, in the Pacific divi
sion. comprising the States of Cali-i
loriOa. Nevada and Arizona, the no-1
tional headquarters announced last .
j night.
| Swinging by at a rapid stride, in i
! close ranks, the marchers, led by the
i Marine Band and the national officers j
5 and stafT of the Red Cross, preceded
I by mounted police, took one hour and |
j fifty-eight minutes to pass a gtven ^
I Eight floats were !n the parade and |
. each of the eight divisions Into which
J the parade was divided was led by !
'a band. The paraders sang as they
j marched, each division singing the j
i same song as they passed certain I
' points along the route. |
Soags a Feature.
i Just after the start, as each divi- 1
1 sion fell into line and started down
Sixteenth street, they sang "Ameri- j
ca" and as they came to the end of
the route at the Red Cross Building,
each sang "The Star Spangled Ban
ner." "Onward Christian Soldiers"
and "Red White and Blue," and other
hymn? and patriotic songs were also
Women marchers were dressed
jin white shirtwaists and skirts
Iwith dark blue veils with a small
j red cross, the emblem of the great \
organization on their forehead. The
men who marched wore, In t|*e
main, dark suits and straw hats,
?is requested by the committee in>
charge, but there were several who
still wore the felt hats of winter. |
Every government department in
Washington was represented in the
parade, and every Red Cross auxil
iary also had representatives in the
Line after line swept by with the
steadiness and regularity of veter
ans, marching fast. So fast did the
parade move that the mounts of the
i police were walking fast to keep
the pace. The days of drilling,
i which has been put in by the or
ganisation showed plainly yester
lday- 'J . 1
| Street car tratfilc on Pennsyl
i vunia avenue and on H street was
'held up until the conclusion of the
| parade. Thousands packed the line,
; of march and broke into cheers
| as one or another division or a j
particularly striking float passed j
by." j
Famous Turkey There.
In the parade was a turkey that
ha? become famous the country over
| Presented to a Red Croea chapter In
I Texas the bird has been auctioned
and re-auctioned until already 1100,000
! has been brought Into the coffers of
1 the Red Cross through It It has
been presented to President Wilson,
who has announced that he will place
it on auction once more at Keith's
theater-during the coming week's
Two floats representing "The Great
est Mother on Earth"-the American
Red Cross?were In the parade. One
was In the* Treasury Department sec
tion and the other was in that coro
! posed of the National Headquarters
workers When tha laat marcher
I swung past, hundreds of those who
had stood watching fell fn behind
them and roarche* to t lie end of the
I parade, where they hoard Henry
White, former American Ambassador
to France, read messages from Gen
eral Foch. Henry P. Davison an 4
Governor Whitman, of New York.
"America has coma into the war
with the allies." Gen. Foch cabled
tha American Red Crosa. "She has
* -
Hundreds More Injured in
Wreck of Chemical
of Rescuers Held
Back by Deadly
I Pittsburgh, Pa., May ?8.?Deal
ling death to 170, injuring several
hundred more, devastating a large
area over which hung deadly fumes
that hindered the work of rescuc,
three fierce explosions of trinitro
toloul wrcckcd the Oakdale plant
of the Aetna Chemical Company
! at noon todi?jr.
Marc Deaths likely.
Five hundred workers were en
gaged in this war munition plant.
At least one hundred and seventy
j are believed to have been blown to
piece*, while but few of the others.
If any. escaped injury from ths Hy
ing debris.
How many more are In immediate
danger of death has not yet been
estimated, as the havoc wrought by
the flerce concussion*, and the
poisonous cases th?t bung low over
the neichborhool fpr hours after
the explosions had jessed, hampered
1 izrsStsrsuv
i taxed hospital*, strained to the ut
mo*t In an endeavor to stave off
lurther ravnsres of death exact
figures were not forthcoming.
That the arm of a man was found
| along the railroad tracks near Ren
! nerdale. three quarters ef a mile
! from the plant, gives an idea of
! the violence of the explosion*.
| The first explosion occurred in the
soda house of the plant, the impact
1 setting off a tank of irlirttrotoluol
which was being manufactured for
the government. Sulphuric acid
' fumes permeated the air within a
| radius of half a mile, which, with
' the heat of the lire, made death dif
ficult to avoid, so that doctors and
] nurses, from hospitals and the Red
1 Cross, were unable for some time
!to aid the injured lying on the
] ground with burning embers fall
ing sbout them.
80 Killed at lj?nch.
The first and second explosions
101 me while eighty men were eating
lunch in the T. N. T. house. It is
believed all these were killed. The
'third explosion occurred a few sec
onds later, destroying the remnant
of the plant that still stood.
Following the third explosion
residents of the heights about Ren
nerdale saw bodies of men shot into
the air.
Hundreds of persons hurrying to
ward the plant after the shocks of
the first blasts came upon a scene
of awful desolation. Great columns
of smoke rolled up from the wreck
ed plant, driven by the wind. Woods
on the surrounding hillsides were 1
Ignited by the flaming debris and |
were burning in all directions.
Bnlldlngs Leveled.
Fifteen buildings were leveled,
fifteen tank* of explosive acid
blown to bits, and a great crater
was filled with burning debMs and
buildings wrecked for a mile
around. On the thirty acres oc
cupied by the big plant, nothing re
mained tonight but five tanks of
acid standing isolated on a hill. In
the valley which held the buildings
the devastation was complete.
Death was not confined to those
In the plant. Rescuers rushing to
render what assistance they could
were slaughtered In a series of new
explosions which followed the first.
Crowds from the hills tonight watch
ed while flames completed the work
of destruction.
Plant History DaA.
Since the Aetna plant was first
built at Oakdale its history has been
a sinister one. Explosion has fol
lowed explosion. Today's loee witrt
the complete destruction of operating
plants, equipment and most of the
acids in storage may exceed *1.300,000
of itself.
The burning embers ignited the
roofs of houses in districts adjoining
Oakdale and the occupants armed
with buckets carried water to the
roofs and extinguished the flamea.
Many injured workmen who could
not be assisted to places of safety
were forced to lie out In the lira area
and be slowly asphyxiated by acid
Dr. J. A. Hamma, a surgeon of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, who was in
charge or the relief-train which car
Vied the Injured to this city, da
scribed the town aa a living hell.
He .told of children lying dead on
hillsides a mile away from the ex
Red Cms Knenes X?? Parade. .
Red Cross nurses, dressed to par
ticipate in tbe parade here, upon)
learning of the disaster, left It
Aerial Activity Continues
to Mark Western
British Minor Actions Have
Satisfactory Results
Over Germans.
New Plan Said to Mean That Au?
tria Is Now Altogether
London, May 18.?Aviation was
again the ''whole show" in the
West during the last twenty-four
hours. Again the allied plane*,
up in great flocks, sent a large
number of Cerman machines
crashing earthward or "winged"
them so badly they stumbled
down out of control.
The British carried out a couple
of successful raids, one south of
Albert, the other below Htilluch.
Otherwise there was no infantry
action of consequence. Heavy
gun duels ranged all night and day,
however, and tonight's report
from Field Marshal Haig records
an increase in the Krupps activity
this morning around Villers Bre
tonneux, ' nine miles east of
Amiens, the first place the Ger
mans will have to take if they
meaa to renew their frontal drive
oh bij bst. ^ -?
From Budapest, via Zurich,
came late tonight the news that
Germany and Austria-Hungary
have unified their command on
that theater of war. This means,
it is believed, that Hinde'nburg is
now the ccntral powers' general
issimo, holding the same^potition
in the foes' camp that Foch holds
with the allies. It means further,
observers think, that Austria has
been obliged completely to sub
ordinate her own military ambi
tions and plans to those of xfrcr
ally, thus placing her armed forces
in German hands as she did long
since with her political and eco
nomic fortunes.
News Kiewi.
From a nilitary standpoint the news
is not over important Mines the agree
ment merely confirms In a formal
way what has long since been !n ex
istence, except that appearance*! have
been kept up and the Austrian staff
waa at least nominally in control of
its army's destinies.
A hot sun is drying the -.'oads in the
West, making the movement of heavy
guns increasingly easy. The weather
even incites the morning masts,
which are Ludendorff's new pets for
the opening of an offensive.
There is considerable curiosity ev
erywhere &a to why the revival of the
battle is so long delayed. The Berliner
Tageblatt admits Germany has been
obliged to call up the 1930 class and
all other reserves before starting the
new offensive.
British Score Raid
On Hons at Cologne.
London. May IS.?British aviators
made a daylight raid on Cologne
(Koeln) the big fortified German cuy
on the Rhine today. They droppca
33 bombs on the railway stations, fac
tories and barracks.
Metz, the big German fortress in
Lorraine, also was attacked liy British
fliers who dropped ton? of bombs on
the railway stations. All the Briusn
raiding planes returned. *
American Flyers Shoot
3 German Planes.
With the American Army in Franc*.
May 11?Our aviators reported today
that they had shot down ? two morn
Boche airplanes northwest of Tom
thia morning. Late yesterday ?
Boche flier waa brought down t?
Capt. Peterson. ,
Bans Try RaM.
A German raiding party consist
ing of fifteen men led by a non
commissioned officer attempted to
penetrate our lines tn the Ploardy
sector last night following an ?nemy
barrage. The raid failed. The
Header waa killed and several Ger
mans were wounded, the latter be
ing carried off by their comrades.
The body of the leader was found
this morning. Prisoners, taken re
cently are all under SO years old.
Committees have been appointed
for the Joint observance of Memorial
The spell of rain has ended and
at present there IS regular July
heat on this sector. ? Last week waa
mora quiet than usual eseapt tor
aerial activity. Many air duels
were fought between French and
Sinn Feiners Taken Include
Five Members of -
Plot with Germans Given
as Cause for Spectacu
lar Coup.
Man Locked Now in Tower Had
Boat Made for Sinister
London, May i8.?Once again
| the long arm of the British gov
ernment has readied out and nip
ped in the bud a gigantic German
plot in Ireland.
% This time it was able to stifle j
the plot before it got under way.
Fully 500 men and women, it is 1
estimated late tonight, most of
I them Sinn Feiners, have been ar- j
I rested without bloodshed in all;
parts of Ireland.
Dublin is quiet. In front of the
Sinn Fein headquarters in Har
court street hangs a big poster,
j "Business as usual."
High and low are among the
prisoners. Practically every man
and wonun leader of the Sinn
Fein movement, many of them
chieftains in the Dublin Easter
1 revolt two years ago, under
\ iock and key, rive members of
Parliament arc held. ? 1
Names that are inseparable
from the sound of Sinn Fein are
00 the prisoners' roll?Devalcra,
Arthur Griffith, the Countess of
Marlciewicz, Dr. Thomas Dillon,
"Gen." Mcllowes, William Cos
grave, "Pat" O'Kccfc and so on
ad infinitum.
So far no formal charges have
j been lodged against the prisoners.
| The charges will range from dis
I orderly conduct to "communicat
ing with the enemy" and high
Conspiracy With Chcim>.
Documentary evidence is in thej
hands of the government of a Sum j
Fein conspiracy with the Germans for j
, open revolt. Only those high in the i
' councils of Sinn Feinism are believed ;
to be directly linked with the Berlin !
| inspired scheme; hundreds of others j
j were mere dupes but indirectly follow- 1
| ing their leaders in the hope that the 1
j 'hour of freedom" was about to strike. |
| A general official communique on the ,
circumstance* prompting the govern
ments measures is expected at any I
moment. The full story, however, will
not be tola for some time, it is be
There is every indication that the
| scheme was for the Germans to land
armed forces and large supplies of
arms and ammunition in Ireland at a
given moment, when the population
a-as to rise in revolt.
Date?"Der Tag t**
That given moment, it is presumed,
was to be the same in which Luden
dorff gave the word for the reopening
| of the great Western drive. The reptile
sedition was to dart at England from
the rear just as her supreme "back to
the wall" tight would begin.
Thus the samQ mysterious source
which "tipped" the government on
the plot may have placed It in
possession of a piece of informa
(tion relatively far more significant
I?the day and the hour of the pro
posed renewal of Hindenburg's
What is that mysterious source?
Plotter In Tower.
1 There is a man in the Tower of
London?no one except Scotland ,
Yard and. the government knows
his name or nationality?who not
many days ago was discovered at
a lonely spot somewhere oji the
Iri^h coast, trying to play the role
that Sir Roger Casement played
and paid for with his life. This
man had landed in a collapsible
boat. It was a curious conveyance,
nearly all hand-made with pains
taking industry and care. When
examined, after the man's arrival,
it Showed all the earmarks of hav
ing been destine*) to sink itself
after it had served its purpose. This
faot was taken to show the man
meant to stay a while at least. Pos
sibly, or in the light of what has
since been learned, probably, -he
[was to wait for "der tag" when the
Germans were coming to "Free Ire
land" in-true Ukrainian fashion.
A journalist named Barry Was ar
rested 4n Cork.
The Star, referring to the proc
lamation urging the nfen of Ireland
to volunteer, *?o as to avoid conscrip
tion* says;
"Its heal Is of sold its feet of miry
clay. Nobody in Ireland believes a
voluntary system can be organised."
Prew CWHsrat
Tonight's Dublin dispatches quote
some Irish press voices 4*- asserting
the arrests were made by t}M govern
WHY LMF OUR ARMY TO 5,000,000?"
Following is the full text of President Wilson's speech as de
livered at the opening of the Red Cross drive in New York City
last night:
"Mr. Chairman and Fellow
Countrymen I should 1x> very
sorry to think that Mr. Davidson
tn any degrte curtailed his ex
ceedinKiy interesting speech for
fear that he was postponing mine,
because I am sure you listened
with the same intent and intimate
interest with which I listened to
the extraordinary vivid accouut he
save of the things which he had
realised because he had come In
contact with them oa the other
aide of the waters.
"-We compass them with our
imagination; he compassed ihem
In his personal experience, and I
am not competent to do so because
I have not had the time or the op
portunity to follow it In detail I
have come here simply to say a.
few words to you as to what 1%
all seems to me to mean, and It
seems a great deal.
Oar !>?<> Is II la the War.
"There are las dalles whir*
with we are fare la fare. The
?rat doty la ta nla the war
(?real npplaaarl. AU the aecaad
daly that BS? bnad la fcaad with
a '? wta It treitly aad war
thlly lapplaaaet. aat aaly aksa
'?? <he real aaatlty si sar psarr.
hat the real qaallty af oar sar
paae aad af aararlsea. Of eaarae
tfce Brat daty, the daty that we
asaat keep la the faregroaad af
aar thaaght aatil It la arna
pHahed, la ta wta the war.
"I have heard geatleaiea re*
eeatly aay that we masl get
VIMMMMM ara srady. ?kr limit
It ta MNiM>r Igreat applasrei.
**l hare aaked the t aagreaa af
the t aUed States ta aaae
limit t^?#gme) heeasae the
? aasreaa lateada. 1 am aare. aa
wa all' latrad. that every ship
that eaa earn awa ar sappllea
Shall ga ladea eg? evert voy
age with every an aad every
aappty ah* eaa earry fapplaaaei.
And w> are not lo be diverted
from the grim purpose of win
ning the war by any Insincere
approaches upon the subject of
peace. I can say with a clear
conscience that I have tested
these Intimations and have found
them insincere (applause). I now
recognise them for. what they
are. an opportunity to have a
free hand, particularly in the
East, to carry out purposes of
conquest and exploitation.
Will gtaad by Raasla.
~Kvery prapaaal with regard ta
arrammarfntloa la the West la
salves a reaervattaa with regard
ta the East. Haw, aa far aa 1
aat csaceraed. I latead ta ataad
hy Raasla aa well aa Fraaee.
Itireat applaasel.
<A voice: "God bless you.")
"The helpless and the friend
less are the very ones that need
friends snd succor (applause), and
if any man in Germany thinks
we are going to sacrifice anybody
-for our own sake, I tell them now
I Ihey are mistaken. For the glory
of this war. my fellow citizens.
' *o far as we are concerned, is
I that It is perhaps for the first
I time In history, an unselfish war
j I could not be proud to fight for
a selfish purpose, but I can be
I proud to fight for mankind. If
they wish peace let them come
forward through accredited rep
resentatives and lay their terms
] on the table. We have laid ours
and they know what they are.
"But behind all this grim pur
pose. my friends, lies the oppor
tunity to demonstrate not only
force, which will be demonstrated
to the uunosi. bit the opportunity
to demonstrate character, and it Is
>that Opportunity that we have
most conspicuously in ths work
of the Red Cross.
"Not that our men in arms do
not represent our character, for
they do. and It is a character
which those who see and realise
appreciate and admire: but their
duty is the duty of force. The
duty of the Red Cross is the duty
of mercy and succor and friend
What the War Dm
"Have you formed a picture In
i your Imagination of what this war
? Is doing for us and for the world?
In my own mind I am convinced
1 that not a hundred years of peace
could have knitted this nation to
gether aa this single year of war
has knitted It together, and belter
even than that. If possible. It Is
knitting the world together. Look
at the picture.
"In the center of the zone, four
nations engaged against the world,
and at every point of vantage,
showing that they are seeking
selfish aggrandizement: and against
them twenty-three governments
representing the ureatet- psrt of
the population of the world, drawn
together Into a new sense of com
t munlty Interest, a new sense of
community of purpose, a new
sens* of unity of life. The Secre
tary of War "told nie an interest
ing Incident the other day. He
said When he was In Italy a mem
ber of the Italian government was
explaining to him the many rea
sons why Italy felt near to the
United Metes.. . He said. 'If you
want to try an Interesting experi
ment, go up' to any one of these
troop trains and ask In English
how many of them have been In
, America, and see what h&pens.'
Ha tried th? experiment He went
up to a, troop train aad ha aald.
'How many ?? you boys have been
In America?' . And he aald It
seemed to him as if half of them
wruc u?; -iU tmn mm A?
Cisco; me from ? New York; all
over." There was part of Ihe
heart of America in ihe Italian
army. People that had been
knitted to im by association, who
knew us, who had lived amonget
us, who had worked shoulder to
shoulder with us and now, friend?
of America, weie fizhting for their
native Italy.
Frleadahlp Iliad, tbr \% or 14.
"Friendship is the only cement
that will hold the world together.
And this intimate contact of the
great Red Cms with the peo
ples who are suffering the ter
rors and deprivations of this war
Ik goinc to be one of the great
! est instrumentalities of friead
| ship that the world ever knew.
and the ccnter of the heart of
, it all. if we sustain it properly
I with this land we m> dearlv love.
My friends a great day of duty
| , has -come, and duty find* a man's
soul as~no kind of work can ever
And It.
-Way I say tki-f The 4mtj that
u? all ion |m to ?erve o?e
aaafhrr, and no Man eaa afford
to make a fortune out of this
war. There are men amsint ?*
who have forgotten that. If they
f r saw It. ftaae of yoa are
old enough?I an old eaoagh?to
rfarmbrr men who made for
tune. oat ef the Civil War. and
know how thev were re
K""led h> their fellow eltlsena.
That waa a wnr to aave one
eoaat r thl* la a war to aave
the world.
"And your relation to the Red
Cross is one of the^ relations
which will relieve you of the
rtigraa. You can't give anything
to the government of the t'nited
States, it won t accept It There
Is a law ?f XTnocr**" aval ant. ac
cepting even services without
"The only thing that the govern
ment will acccpt is a loan and
duties performed; but it is a great
deal better to give than to lend
or to pay and >our'great channel
for giving is the American Red
Cross. Down in your hearts you
can't take very much satisfaction
in the last analysis in lending
money to the government of the
United States, because the Interest
which j-ou draw will burn your
pockets. It is a commercial trant
action and some men have even
dared to cavil at the rate of in
terest. not knowing the incidental
commentary that constitutes upon
their attitude.
?HHve of lour Heart.**
"But when you give something
of your heart, something* of your
soul, something of yourself goes
with the gift, particularly when it
is given in such form that it never
can come back by way of direct
benefit to yourself. You know
there is the old cynical definition
of gratitude as the lively expec
tation ol favors to come.* Well,
there is no expectation of favors
to come of this kind of giving
These things are bestowed in order
that the world may be a fitter place
to live in, that men may be suc
cored. that homes may be restored,
that suffering may be relieved,
that the face of the earth may "
have the blight of destruction
taken away from it. and that ?
wherever force coes there shall
go mercy and helpfulness.
"A" >?? Kin, Kl.r ?k
?# ">t r?, raa .par.,
aad don't r.a.idrr yourself lib.
era! la the srl.iu. If }N K|v.
wlth lat I., t.B ar* Ml
KlvlBK at all, raa are KlTlaa ts
Tnaliyj bat If ran alve
aatll It harts. thru jour heart
blood Iff. lata It.
"And think what we have here!
We cull it the American Red Cross,
hot It Is merely a branch of a
great International organization
which la not only recognised by
the statutes of each of the civilized
governments of the world, but It
la recognized by International
agreement and treaty aa the rec
ognised and accepted instrument
alike of mercy and succor. And
one of the deepest stains that
rests upon Ihe reputation of the
German army Is that they have
not respected the Red Cross.
Tbe Root of the Matter.
"That goes to the roqt of the
matter. They have not respected
the instrumentality they them
selves participated In setting op
as the thing which no man was
to touch, because It Tia? the ex
pression of common ? humanity.
We are members, by being mem
bers of the American Red Cross,
of a great fraternity and comrade
ship which extends all over the
world, and this cross which these
ladies bore today is an emblem of
Christianity itself.
"It tills my imagination, ladies
and gentlemen, to think of the
women all over this couairr who
are busy tonight ami .re busy
every night and every day doing
the work of the Red Cross, busy
with a great eagerness to find out
the roost serviceable thing to do.
busy with a forgetfulness of all
the old frivolities of their social
relationship*, road.* to curtail 'he *
duties of the household in or^er
that they mm contribute to this
common work that all their hearts
become acquainted with each
* Great Family.
"When yo? think of this, you
rsaltee how the people of the
United Stair * are being drawn ta
gether into ? great intimate tam
President Opens Nation^
Red Cross Drive in New
York Gty.
Declares America's Duty Is
to Win Greatly and
Declare. Every Ve^el Mutt Cwy
Men and Supplies to Hastea
Xew York. May 18.?President
" ilson tonight reiterated the pur
Pose of the United State, to fight
| on to an honorable peace. Ameri
ca'. d?t,; i. to win "greatly and
I ?orthily. the President .aid
II Ru"'* " *e" a. France rnn.t
; be protected by the peace whick
j oilmmate. the war. Prcs*e?t
: W ilson inferred?"a* far a. I am
concerned. I intend to stand by
Russia as well as France."
"The purpose of the United
Mates and the allies i. to ignore
all off. rs of pcace which have an
i insincere ring." the President de
| clared. He charged that Ger
niany has given evidence that the
intends to attempt to make a
peace which will assure her of
, her conquest, in the East.
j "There aie two duuea with ?ni,a
/I!" du"' ? to wm
I goes hand V I *econd dut> ?>?t
toea hand In hand with it la lo wia
|?t greatly aad worthily."
Presl^c'Jt Wilson declared that he
lo ir?e sue of the army. i? t.
purp??e of Congress an* the nation
ir?'- ?= ? s=s
t war bj any tnsinoere amitnefeZ
1 Jreal(lent W'lison entered the M?.*ro
i ? Red Cross drive for il?. ?u
for war relief purpose,.
Give. ".Ml., OtmIh.
President Wilson ?t, rrM.,-d . ...
* of a;.ptau?e at his entrance
tor many minute, the thousand.? n
I ?Uh ?henC%^1 *.?d chee?* w,Idly
Mr. vv ? Pre?<'??t acknowledging
(Mrs. WUson ass by the President's
! " P Davison. chairman of ih
Aimncan Red Cross. ??? th? fl,?
speaker. While the band pl&\<-ri -fj ,
to the Chief the Prertdem Mrs.
Wilson came upon the stsav ri,a
FtSSST W" ? ?*thin? mass
or humanity in applause
w?lf .If"*?** had not nubsidi-d
ZUfflJS* *truck UP the Map
*" " *rM't ch?rus sans :ne
national .on* of the one all}- that la
the heart of
T e President stood through the sons
Msr KatlMal Aitfceak
. if?!? thousands arose and the *?*..
Brit r*Unl resounded witn Otwat
Britain s national air. The rtaiuT..
!$?"?' lnthem then followed The
jangled Banner" followed.
"""? ionowed. The
jangled Banner" followed.
H^n'orthrh.mUan^mPr^^' ?
SSL1** w,u ch~? ?*?
When Mr. Davison hrr~ ?? _
he declared: M *""**,n*
."} -??n nothing that wU| be
added to what will be aaid by .
-n.n regarded as the eentr.7 i^uit
of the world by the world -
The great crowd broke iu.
plause again. * ,nto *p"
President Wilson began ?- -
?t ? 10 after proio^S"
h'tZHI ,ntrHluo~l Cle?UM
H. Dodge, who announced that ?h*
f?e* *"I*?* in the pared-, th?J
, afternoon at his own augg*.?tion
| The entire audience aroee and a?nid
an uproar demonstration "Co'T^i
Lnlted "states.- *"
Kieerat. .(
?p?ke'?*?? ??
1 have pot come here tonight to
rou the work U the
-y a -1.h,V' com' here
seem* ll^T' " 10 "h" ? ?"
-There are two duties. Tha flrat
duty is to win the mar.
The second duty la to win it
greatly and worthily. <n *
n?' "??>? ">? ?uty
rjTLeX" th' *?"?"-< -
It to 3.000.son5 lm,,t
President Wilson announced that
he intends to stand by Russia as
well as Franee u
Every ship that I. employ shall
carry men and'supplies
^e are not to be diverted frv.m
the grim duty or war by anv insin
cere taik of peace.
"**? Blwy at War."
"The glory of the war as far as we
are <oneemed Is an nr.?la... __
U they wUh pe?e .et T^ ^

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