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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 28, 1918, Image 1

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WHAT 00 YOU Higg}
Burden on Profiteers Sound
Principle, the Presi
dent Says.
Ways and Means Commit
tee Begins Hearings
in Ten Days.
Law Due November I Will Provide
40 Per Cent Tax, Balance Bonds.
Congress Goes to Work.
President Wilson, addressing a joint
session of Congress yesterday, asked
Immediate preparation of a new war
tax bill, the chief burden of which,
he sard, should fall on profiteers.
Republican and Democratic leaders,
at once promised co-operatfon.
Chrlrtmn Kitchin. of the House
Wtja and Means Committee, said he
wou!d be^in hearings "in about ten
days." during which the Treasury
Dcprrtment will be compiling figures.
The income tr.x division is to'sup
ply in.'o nation on which the ex
cc~s p:o,'lta sccton of the bill is to
bo 1iT.rr.al.
derate te Hold HrarinK*.
Chairman Simmons, of the Senate
Finance Committee, plans to hold
similar hearings Ju3t after the House
commiii.ee has begun. There will he
no joint sessions, because of the
House's stand upon its constitutional
right to initiate all revenue legisla
tion. ,
It is reported on the highest author
ity that the general plan of the hill
will he to provide 40 per cent of the
I natbn's need by taxation. The other
per cent will be met by bonds.
Cf?a iimcn Simmons and Kitchin
I ajjree on November 1 as the eaHiest
J pocclble date of passage. They ex
pect the bill to be introduced' in the
i House August 1 or 15.
Hlta Profiteer*.
' President Wilson hit profiteers some
Ijhard blows, especially In this . pun
i'gent statement:
"The profiteering which cannot be
got at by the restraints of conscience
and love of country can be got at by
When he said: "The consideration
that dominates every other now. and
makes every other seem trivial and
negligible, is the winning of the war."
the whole assemblage arose and
cheered repeatedly, as also at:
' "Hundreds of thousands of our
men, carrying our hearts with them,
and our fortunes, are in the fiekl. and
?hip* are crowding faster and faster
to the ports of France and Ens land
with reiriraent after regiment, thou
sands after thousands, to join them
until the enemy shall be beaten and
brought to a reckoning with man
There were only two Supreme Court
ustices who could be found?Bran
jleis and Clark. Five Cabinet mera
-Poit master General Burleson
^nd Secretaries Wilson. Houston,
aniels and Baker?sat Just beside
eaker Clark's desk.
Mrn. %% linen Attend*.
Mrs. Wilson, her mother. Mrs.
polling, and the President's daugh
ter. Mrs. McAdoo, sat in the Presi
dential gallery. The Senate had
Rarely been seated, when the Presi
dent stepped briskly into the cham
er. The crowd cheered him heart
He spoke slowly, and in a quiet,
entrained voice.
In his first sentence he told his
^ecislon a* to a revenue bill:
"It is with unaffected reluctance
..hat I come to ask you to prolong
rour session to provide more ade
quate resources for the Treasury
or the conduct of the war."
J In rather an argumentative, per
suasive tone, he explained that it
p*s clear to all that more revenue
bust be had. now or later. Inasmuch
business must pay thl? fery out
Its profits from the Income of
1*. It was wisdom, he said, to let
flatness know now how much a
urden it must stand.
WmM De?reaa? Iafatlss.
LTaxes, too. he said, would decrease
>ngers from Inflation. The first
ak in his even tones came when
said. ^e shall naturally turn,
therefore. I suppose, to war profits
incomes and luxuries for the ad
jtional taxes."
lOn the Republican side. Senators
Cenyon of Iowa and Johnson of Cali
started hand-clapping. In an
t. It spread over the whole
The President stopped but
'?fly* Again he urged the business
lom of framing the tax at once,
concluded: "I cannot assure the
ntry of a successful ad minis tra
of the treasury In 1918. if the
of further taxation Is to be
undecided until 1919." ?
less srgument past, the
sident turned to the war.
e predicted the day when the
leer shall be "brought to a reckon
with mankind."
session was wanning to the
i now. and the floor and the gal
' their approval. That had
lely subsided when the President
(congressional) elections will
? to those who think least ef them."
again there was handclapping.
' lobbyist# who come to Wash
~l to urge tax exemption of ths
who employ them, the
t promised the light of pub
President Says War Crisis
Has Come-?All Must Give
Some of the striking points in President Wilson's speech be
fore Congress arc as follows:
We are not only in the midst of the war, we are at the
very peak and crisis of it.
There can be no pause or intermission. The great enter
prise must, on .the contrary, be pushed with greater and greater
These are the days when duty stands stark and naked, and
even with closed eyes we know it is here.
The consideration that dominates .every other now, and
makes every other seem trivial and negligible, is the winning of
the war. -
The people of this country are not only united in the
resolute purpose- to win this war, but are ready and willing to
bear any burden and undergo any sacrifice that it may be neces
sary for them to bear in order for them to win it.
We need not be afraid to tax them, if we lay taxes justly.
The great days have come when the only thing they ask
for or admire is duty greatly and adequately done.
The elections will go to those who think least of it; to
those who go to the constituencies without explanations or
excuses, with a plain record of duty faithfully and disinterestedly
An intense and pitiless light beats down upon every man
and every section iff- this tragic plot of war that is now upon
the stage. If lobbyists hurry to Washington to attempt to turn
what von do in the matter of taxation to their protection or
advantage, the light will beat also upon them.
1 know that you will begrudge the work to be done here
by us no more than the men begrudge us theirs who lie in
the trenches and sally forth to their death.
I cannot assure the country of a successful administration
of the Treasury in 1918 if the question of further taxation is to
be left until igjo. ' _
It might be difficult, I should imagine, to run the mill with
water that had already gone over the wheel.
We shall naturally turn, therefore, I suppose, to war
profits and incomcs and luxuries for the additional taxes.
$900,000,000 to Be De
rived Annually from
Higher Tariffs.
Increases In passenger ?ni\ freight
rate., to add about J900.000.000 annu
ally to the operating revenue* of
the railway* of the I'nlted States,
I were announced' 'yesterday by Dl
j rector General McAdoo.
| The increases In rates are initiated
I to meet the ???e increases of ??.
? OOOMO for railway employes announc
ed yesterday to take effect as of
January 1. 1918; an increase in the
I cost of coal of lwn.OflO.OM) over 191.,
iand of JM.S40.000 over the year 1915.
and other increased costs of opera
tion which Director General McAdoo
estimates will be from W8.C00.IW0 to ,
J880.000.000 more than for the calen
dar year 19IJ.
Increase la 1? Per Crni.
i Operating revenues for the calendar I
year 1918 should be about 14.000.000 un- )
| der present rates. The J900.000.000 ad- j
' ditional will, therefore, amount to an .
increase of 19 per cent in all rates. If .
applied as a flat rate.
The trouble that faces the railroad ,
administration Is that the increased
freight rates, from which the bulk of
the additional revenue is to be ob
tained. will apply for only stx months
of the present calendar year, while
the increase in wages and other oper
ating expenses will run for the full
twelve months.
I This means. ' without a doubt a
1 considerable deficit hn the books ot
the railroad administration at the
(close of the first year of the opera
; tion of the railway* under govern
! ment control The deficit will be
made up from the revolving fund
granted to the railroad administration
by Congress.
On the summary of the report of the
large roads for the three months end
| ing March ? the back pay due em
1 ployea under the wnge increase will
wipe out the railway operating Income
land leave a deficit of approximately
J10.000.000. or J20.no0.ono for the first
*1* month* before the incressed rates
go Into effect.
1*18 DeSelt ?? be Sull.
Physical Improvements and the pur
chase of new equipment at a cost of
1900,000.000 have been author!led. and
will be paid for from time to time
out of the operating revenues. l.uck
ily none of these payments will be
come due until after the new tariffs
are In effect; so that the total de
ficit for the year, which with wage
increases and without rate Increases,
would have mounted to astonishing
figures, probably will not amount to
more than 120.000.000 to J25.000.000 at
the most for the calendar year 191*.
"X shall do everything In my power
to put the railroads on a self-sustain
ing basts, as long as I remain Di
rector General under Federal con
trol." said Mr. McAdoo in announc
ing that the President, at his recom
mendation. had Initiated new pas
senger and freight rates.
Federal rtslrsl Was Ttasefy
"The fact that? under Federal con
trol. with the economies that can be
practiced and the increased efllciency
of service made possible, such drastic
steps are necessary, simply empha
sises the wisdom and timeliness of
the action by which- the railroads
were brought under Federal control.
, "If the government had not acted
at the time |t did. the country faced
|a calamity the effects of which no
| man can telL The railroads were In
a state of suspended animation, with
sinking spell* every few hours, when
the government took control. ,
"It has required some bold surgery
to resuscitate them. Including ampu
tation, and the Infusion of blood from
the strong government, and Just now
they beginning to respond to
"Tltey will have to be carefully
nursed back to strength under Fed
eral control, hut that they will finally-]
Strained Relations Subject
of Diplomatic Parleys
in Washington.
z* *
President Wilson and Secretary of j
? State Lansing are observing with
keen official interest the strained
diplomatic situation which has de
veloped between . Mexico and Cuba.
They are most anxious to learn the
real cause of the withdrawal of the
Mexican Charge d'AITalres from Ha
vana. Explanations made so fai
have not been satisfying. It Is said.
The President surprised both Mr.
Lansing and Secretary of War Baker
yesterday afternoon by calling in
person for conferences at their re
spective departments. Mexico Is un
derstood to have been the subject
discussed. Earlier In the clay? Joseph
P. Tumulty, secretary to the Presl- j
dent, conferred with Mr. Lansing, j
presumably on the same subject.
Sitaatlaa Iaterestlag.
The attitude of the officials at the
conclusion of the conferences was
that the situation Is one of extraor
dinary diplomatic Interest, but not
necessarily of serious concern to the
I'nited States at the present time.
Secretary Lansing said the Mexican
government had not offered any ex
planation to the State Department
other than the statement made pub
lic from Mexico City by Candido
?Aguilar. Carranza's minister of for
eign affairs, on Saturday of last
The excuse put forward for the
withdrawal of the Mexican diplo
matic representative in Havana Is
declared to be without precedent in
international relations. It la the sub
ject of both amusement and concern.
The language of the explanation
would make it appear that President
Carranxa preferred to discontinue dip
lomatic relations with Cuba at this
time rather than break them off a
little later. The cause for the step
is not frankly stated, and therein
lies the mystery which Is causing
There is a strong suspicion In Wash
ington that pro-German Influences
have been brought to bear in Mex
! Ico through Spain. The so-called
mother country is thought to have
been a willing tool of the trouble
making Teutons, aa King Alfonso and
his subjects have bitterly resented
the growing friendliness between
Cuba and the United States.
Cabas Minister's Statement.
Sr. Carlos Manuel Cespedes, the
Cuban Minister here, issued the fol
lowing statement yesterday:
"The Mexican government inform
ed the Charge d'Affalres In Mexico
that the recall of the Mexican
Charge d'AfTaira from Havana did
not Imply a aeverance of diplo
matic delations. #
"The Cuban government Is hope
ful that the difflcultlea will And a
satisfactory solution.
Cuba is engaged in the stern task
of fulfilling her duties, as an ally
and aa a belligerent, to the great
cause defended by the United States
and the nationa of the Kntente.
"While willing to defer to every
Just claim of friendly nations, and
especially to those of any of our
slater republics, the Cuban govern
ment cannot depart from the policy
of vigilance and certain restrictions
made neceasary by the state of war,
without Incurring great responsi
"It la with a perfect sense of
these, and at the same time, adher
ing to the principle that nothing la
definite among friends, prevailing
in relatlona among, the Pan-Amerl
can Republics, that will actuate
Cufca In this caae, which I feel con
fident will prove to be nothing more
ihan a paaalng incident"
It waa also learned that Cuba pro.
poses to' establish an even more
stringent cenaorahip on all com
munication between Mexico and
Spain that, comes within Jurisdic
tion. *
Red Cross Quota Has Been
One-half Oversub
i Passes Million-Dollar Mark,
! Though Allotment Only
U. S. Answers Hun Attacks on
Nurses and Wounded with
Bounteous Outpouring.
I For receipt of belated contri
bution. to the Red Cro.. war
fund the Washington campaign
headquarter.. 1J2I F .treat. I.
open throughout today.
If person, are not able to call
o, .end there. If they will tele
phone that office. Franklin ?5M
they will hava a messenger call
for check., pledge, or ca.h.
Thl. I. your la.t chance to
give to the .econd war fund
campaign- Doea your conscience
teT ?ou you have ?iven enough?
K not. her. la your opportunity. .
0n* mm,,0hnou.0a^hU??n * "hundred
ind"eUhty-ntoa dollar, from the DU
of Amtrics- . , ??. ?ka ,
Thl. t.ll. the .tory of how ?e
?f the great American
Red Cross "stretcher" **, ***8* I
?m hold of by the ?eopl? o' the
Capital of the country and by e"' I
1 zens In every State of the ntion
In the drive for the
"Greatest Mother in the worm,
which ended yaatenl.y
Thl. Immense oversubscription or
the -national allotment of llOO.OOO.OTi
?ndl?ted When the non return.
. #fl# .MV| drive began to pour
i Red Croaa headquarter? here.
2W yesterday and -howed that quota,
of dUtrict. in nearly every n.tance
had more than made good their prom
I1"Washington, taking ita cue
! country, or vice ver?L.
passed double Its allotment of 6? -
m. when tl.lK.7W ?.
the credit side of the Bed Cross
'*These figures will have to be amend
ed to make room for mo? /"b*5,'P".
Hons that came In too " *
and this morning for classification.
Teaai W.rk Waa Tr?e.
Final reports of team, which have
been working In the wa?-. drive un
der the leadership of Charlee Hen V
Butler: the results of the labor of the
Red Cross auxlliartee under the dl
Teflon of Mrs Theodore W. Rlch
*1" ?nd the subscriptions through
tovernment department "lldUtUm
were read last night am d the cheer.
. "Washington Nl?ht throng
which comfortable tilled the Uberty
HThe subscription brought in by the
teams under Mr. Butlers m.n?e
ZTr bcZt -?vU
XlngCn1? with
auxiliaries third with H22.960.
World WitrtiM Wash ??*<???
confronted wth a little lew than
these figure? yesterday afternoon.
Eliot Wadsworth, chairman of the
executive committee of the Natlona
Red Cro?*. waxed en'huslastlcove^
the results achieved, and praised
everyone concerned having a h?nd In
the drive. He ?ald: _ . .
??Juat for the sentimental rt^at tn
Europe?I won t apeak of the tre
mendous good Itwill 4o In "a'cHsl
results?It la a good thing to have tnis
X ,0 more than 100 per cent over
th"TouP have no idea how the entire
civilised world?and Germany?have
their eyes on Washington. Theywateh
every word that comes from thia city.
"I congratulate this community and
thl. aplendld committee ,n
Washington probably to Hie beJt
! showing of. any city of It. sl*e
| the country." ...
Many of the worker, exjvpet that
?Washington will reach ?
} more by the time final report, are In.
Tatal CIHtsltoM.
Total contributiona collected by each
of the thirty-one teams were announc
ed last night. Julius Garflnkle. head
of Team No. IT. led all the others
with 191.8*7 collected during the aeven
daya. Team No. 13. headed by Mrs.
Kea. brought In IW.0W11. standing
second; and Team No. 1*. headed b>
urg Lansing, wife of the Secretary
of State, turned In t?.TM?7 In con
tribution., .Undlng third; Team No.
,7. of which Mr.. Kfoulke, wa. chalr
|man. aUnda fourth, with a total of
>SThe full list of the tean?s and the
contributiona of each announced last
night by the local Campaign Head
quartera foUowa:
Team No. 1-?4.8M.?. Juallce Van
Oradel; J-W.5M 7S. MrsJ^rrtman; ?
8.U2.M, Mf. Capers; 4-IH.241S, Mr.
Bride: l-r.SK.50. Mr. Clapham, ?
SllOS-M. Mr. Whitney; 7-W.Mtt.OO.
Mrs. Ffoulke; Mr. Caa
ley; Mr. Ka^er;
015.16. Mr. Cooper; 11?*10,?17.?, Mr.
Berberich; 1S-?*.S71.?0. Mra. Ojw-:
11?Ml 080 11. Mra. Rea; 14?WKa<
w.^yd. i^
l|M.*.17. Mra. L*ruing; 17-Utl.W.W.
Mr. Garflnkle , W-H5.4M.W, Dr. Mc
U. S. Troops in Picardy,
Forced to Give Ground,
Retaliate Strongly.
Good Showing Made Yes
terday Gratifies War
American troops on the Pi
cardy front, driven yesterday
from their front line positions,
retaliated and not only repelled
the attack, but entered the
enemy trenches.
This was announced in the
official communique received
from Gen. Pershing last night.
The communique follows:
"Headquarters American Expe
ditionary Force, May 27.?Section
A: In . Picardy, after violent artil
lery preparation, hostile infantry
detachments succecded in pene
trating our advanced positions at
two points.
"Our troops counter attacked,
completely expelling the enemy
and entering his lines.
"In the Woevre a strong hostile
raiding party was repulsed, en
tailing a loss in killed and
"In Lorraine a hostile Ran shell
bombardment of some intensity oc
"The day was quiet In the other
sectors occupied by our troops.
"In the course of sir combats this
morning our aviators shot down a
hostile machine."
Attaek a Feeler.
The Picardy sector held by the
American troops is io the center of
one of the war theatres in which
Germany is reported in press dis
patches yesterday to have resumed
her drive. At the point referred to,
the Americans are holding an Im
portant line, and are known to hare
more than a divisional frontage.
I Undoubtedly, In the opinion of
military experts here, yesterday's
local attack so promptly repelled by
the Americans, was part of the
"feeling out" process which the
enemy has been attempting all
along the line.
That the Americans in this region
are certain to feel the full shock
of the new offensive hss been free
i ly predicted in military circles.
While it is not permitted* to specu
late concerning the approximate
position of the sector. It can be
stated that it was the scene of some
of the hottest fighting of the March
drive. The Americans on this line
are said to be in the best of trim.
I and the excellent account they gave
1 of themselves yesterdsy is the cause
I of much gratification in War De
partment circles.
Waltlif for News.
It was stated in official quarters
last night that when President Wil
son, at the close of his speech in Con
gress on the revenue bill yesterday
announced that he had been Informed
the German drive had been resumed,
he was speaking on the basis of press
dispatches shown him as he was leav
ing for the Capitol. The War De
partment itself was still awaiting
particulars at a late hour last night.
Soldier-like France* Helen Kelly
Starts W. S. S. Tour.
Jersey City, May 27.?Attired as a
soldier, with cap, blouse, trousers
and puttees, and riding a mettle
some horse. Miss Frances Helen
Kelly, daughter of James Kelly,
started today on a four months' trip
to sell war savings stamps.
Her start was made from the city
hall, before which a large crowd
gathered. Mayor Hague bought the
first stamp and the crowd delayed
her start by thrusting quarters and
bills at her faster than she could
accept them.
"I'll be back In October,** Miss
Kelly called as she waved her guant
leted hand In farewell.
Burglars Rob New York Shoe Cor
poration Employes in Elevator.
New York, May 27.?'Twenty thou
sand dollars In cash waa stolen this
aTternoon In an elevator of a build
ing on Duane street from Francis
O'Brien and William Montgomery,
employes of the Melville 8hoe Cor
poration. They were held up with
suns at their heads by two men who
entered the elevator. The negro ele
vator boy was required to run the
car to the (round floor. There the
robbers slammed the door, ran Trom
the building and minded with the
crowd. Pursuit waa begun and hun
dreda Joined In the man hunt. The
police believe they escaped to New
Germans Launch Offensive that
Brings Tchitcherin's Protest.
London, May 22?Simultaneously
with the renewal of their Western
drive the Germans have resumed a
, sharp aggressive in Russia which has
el lei led a wireless protest from For
eign Minister Tchltcherin. The latter
says in his note that larte Gorman
forces are attacking Valuikl, and the
other German troops are on the of
fensive on the lower Don.
"Our inquiries," adds the Foreign
Minister, "have been left unanswered
by the German Government."
M. Tchitcherin also protests against
the detention of Russian civilian pris
oners in Germany.
I _
German Centrist Leader
Excoriates War Party's
Ruthless Policy.
, Matthias Erxberger, leader of the
j Catholic Centrist party in Germany
has declared that the submarine war
; is a failure. In a long article printed
? in Germania May 3 and cabled here
yesterday, he says that a peace by
compromise and undertaking is more
j vitally nefeasary to Germany today
? that it ever was
| In the same article be bitterly at
tacks the militarists and the poli
ticians of the Koelnlsche Volksxeitung
' school. Yet dispatches received
> through diplomatic channels reveal
that Erxberger is almost alone in this
I stand in. Germany. A large wing of
j hia own party Is reported to have
deserted him. A summary of German
: press comment also shows that only
! the Socialist papers take serious no
1 tlce of President Wilson's pledge to
stsnd by Russia. The rest either ig
nore or laugh at It.
Kr*berser Stan*.
Erxberger was stung to sp^fch by
the attacks on him from members of
his own party and especially by the
Koelnlsche Volksseitung. He declares
! that he stands by all the declarations
for a moderate peace he has ever
made in the Reichstag and in the
committees. He says that events have
born out his prediction of UK, that
ruthless submarine warfare's only re
sult would be to bring the United
States into the war.
"To believe that the present war
has no other aim than the rectifica
tion of the frontier," he says, "is
? showing very little common sense and
1 reflection, at a time when the range
of our cannon covers all of the small
and even the midrile-sised states of
the confederation and when aviatlqp
has taken such a fabulous develop
Ks Return for Blood.
"I consider that the politicians of
the Koelnlsche Volksseitung are a
plague on Germany, and shall take
every occasion to flght them. No
foreign land, no amount of money
taken from the enemy, are big enough
to counterbalance the blood shed by
Of the submarine warfare Erxber
ger says: *
"I foretold-from the first that It
j mas bound to fail, and the results
I have confirmed my skepticism. The
i political consequences of this wa*,
, which my opponents make little of.
were exposed by me as early as
October. 1915, during the debates in
the main committee of the Reichs
tag. I declared then that war with
the United States would be the In
evitable censequence, and that other
neutral countries would also declare
war against us. My declarations In
July, 1917, concerning the submarine
war were reinforced and verified.
"I never doubted this war would
make the situation very difficult for
| the* English. It remains a very ef
fective weapon in the hands of our
commanders, but we have to recog
nise the error made by the marine
staff by technicians and other com
i petent services in their calculations.
We must submit these calculations
to revision.
Few Heed WIIrm.
"The point of view I defended con
cerning the approximate figures given
on the efficiency of the submarine
war has been confirmed and will go
on betng confirmed."
The Arbeiter Zeitung of Vienna is
apparently the only paper in the cen
tos* empires to treat the President s
speech of last Saturday seriously.
Dispatches received here today indi
cate that even the German Socialist
organs take scant notice bt the Presi
dent's declaration. The Arbeiter
Zeitung declares outright that the
central empires should reject their
ambitions on the East and begin peace
negotiations with President Wilson on
his own basis.
Aaerleeea Want Just Peace.
"When the American people are
convinced," the paper says, "that
they may have peace without an
nexations and with the league of
nations for which they are clamor
ing. without continuing the shed
ding of blood. Wilson will be
obliged to negotiate, whatever hia
personal feelings may be.
T^tlreewbrie^^Europfsa pUn^^oadfTfu) curs
Though Repulsed on One Flank,
British Hold Berry -au- Bac
to Right.
| Strong Attack Looked for in Champagne.
German Attacks on Fronts, Feint
ing Before Real Drive.
London. May 27.?"The enemy succeeded in pressing us back to
| our second line on our left astride the Aisne." says tonight's war of
fice statement. ,
"Berry-au-Bac. to our right, is maintained."
Berlin, .via London. May 27.?Capture by the Germans of the
Chemin des Dames ridge was announced by the war office tonight.
"We are now fighting on the Aisne," says the statement.
The army attacking the French and British between Rheims and
Soissons is led by the German crown prince.
Only artillery fighting is reported from the Flanders front.
The text follows:
"In Flanders on the Lys, on both sides of the Somine and Am,
the artillery fighting was moic intense.
"South of Laon. the battle for the Chemin des Dames has been
raging since early this morning.
"The crown prince has taken the ndge and is now fighting on
{the Aisne."
Government Not to Force
Married Men to
When is a shoe clerk not a shoe
Answer; When he is a food
This is only one of the riddles
flooding: in upon every mail to the
office of Provost Marshal General
Crowder in response to his recent
order, that all men engaged ;n non
war work who are in the draft age,
must go to work in munitions fac
tories by July 1.
It was announced yesterday that
General Crowder will issue no lisi
of the essential ?nd nonessential
industries. Because there is no in-1
tention on the part of the govern
ment to force married m<-n to move J
to new industrial centers, it will I
devolve upon the local draft boards
to try each case and .determine
where best exempted men may
s^rve the country. Few clerks,
bookkeepers and salesmen in dis
tricts where there are no muni
tions plants advertising: for help
will be forced to give up their posi
tions, it is said.
Trades Wonder Where They Stand.
Many trade# are wondering where
they stand in the order of the es
sential to war industries. Groups
of printers, painters, engravers, un-l
dertakers, paperhangers, plumbers,
gras inspectors and yes?even onej
bill collector, have asked for rul-l
ings. In each case the applicant
was told to consult his own con-i
science (yes. the bill collector was
included), or to await the call of
his local draft board.
No hearings of the cases of al
leged idlers, gamblers, or men en
gaged in useless pursuits will be
held before July 2. The rulings of
local boards will be subject to the1
same appeal as permitted in exemp
tion hearings.
Although the Provost Marshal
General's office has fouiM in the
past few days that most men con
sider that they hold positions most
important to mankind, tht experts
insist that at least 750,000 will soon
be in new Jobs.
Submarine Kills Spanish Vessel's
Captain and Two Others.
London. May 17.?A U-boat attack
on a Spanish steamer, resulting in
the loss of three lives and culminat
ing in an apology by the subma
rine commander, is reported by
Reuter s Manila correspondent.
Tlx U-boat, the dispatch says,
flred on the Spanish ateamer Marie
Pia. killing the - captain and two
?thera, and then aided in tli| rescue
of tha panic-stricken pasaengera. A
boat was upset in tha excitement
Tha subraarlns commander than ex
pressed his regret ow tha attack,
saying he did nat know the nation
ality si the vaaaeL
Paris, May 27.?At this mo
ment it is possible only to fivt
'this rough outline of the situa
tion. The Germans hare suffered
a bloody check in the Aprexnont
Wood. The line of plateaus north
of the Aisne( the plain to the
north of Rheims, Caronne and l*a
Ville-aux-Bois are the fighting
Berry au Bac is inundated by
ga*, but is holding.
A strong attack in the Cham
pagne is looked for.
It is too early to say whether
this is the real offensive. Amonp
military experts it is believed that
the enemy plans a series of wide
ly separate attacks as feints pre
luding the real offensive. It is
also held possible that a general
offensive on all fronts?France,
Italy, Saloniki and the Far East
ern theaters?is the enemy's plan.
W ?r ( ???Htft 1 ?-*(?.
The War Committee met at the
Elysee Palace this morning under
the presidency of President Poin
The counter battering of the Ger
man long range gun bombarding
Paris was begun the instant the
first missile from the Teuton mon
ster csnnon was flung Into the capi
tal. One shell exploded In a suburb
ninety feet above the ground.
Three persons were killed and
fourteen mere injured by today a
long range bombardment.
j The Paris press is speculating as to
J whether the present attacks are de
signed to divert the allied reserves
from the Ptcsrdy battlefield.
The presence of British forces ml
the points attacked occasioned con
siderable surprise here.
Heavy Fighting Craters.
The fighting is described as paitictt- <
lariy heavy around. Brtmont Port
north of Rheims; Loivre, northwest
of Rheims. and Berry-sue-Bac. seven
miles northwest of Rheims
As in the last days of March the
bombardment of Parts was the sig
nal for the start of the offensive.
The populace of this capital Is calm
and confident of the final result of
the battle.
Direct Thrust at Parit
Is Conjectured.
Undon, Mify J?.?Reuters corre
spondent at the Britiah front tele
graphed late today.
"Before dawn today a bombardment
of great length was begun by '.be en
emy south of the Tpres canal end at
Ouderom and West outre.
"The Infantry attack was Inuncwd
apparently in art effort to recover the
ground the French took o? May 39
s round Locre and La Clytte
"The enemy made some Utile (-reg
ress at plsces. The battle continues."
The Evening Stsndard. 00m n.?n ting
on the new offensive, says:
"It Is premature to regard th**
morning's attecka aa the main ble *
that was anticipated on tbe A.
Amiens front.
"The fart that the Cfcsmpagn< em
onstration follows German a rakis
on Paris and synchroaiaee e ih the
renwsl of the bom bard men of the
French capital by the 'Bis B*rths?*
suggests, however, a direct hnat at
Pans from ths ?eater.**

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