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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, June 25, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1918-06-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO, 4260.
? ? ? ? ? ' ?
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Italians Rout Austrians on Piave;
Pursue Vigorously and En
gage Rear Guards.
Huge Amount of Material Also Abandoned
to Victors?Artillery and A? p^iies
Harass Enemy.
The Italian forces routed the Austrian: . ... Piave,
vigorously pursued them across the river and are ac?vely en
gaging their rear guards, according to an official dispatch from
the Italian field headquarters received here by the Italian Em
bassy. As the report gives, indication that the allied pursuit
is well organized, hope is expressed that the enemy's retreat
across the Piave may be turned into a rout which will force
retirement from the mountain lines.
The dispatch, sent late yesterday, follows:
"From Montello to the sea the fighting started again this
morning. Continuous attacks by our infantry, strong, uninter
rupted fire by our artillery and bombardments by our bombing
planes have obliged the enemy troops to retire in disorder.
Meairll? < easpletery Retaken, i
"The enemy almost everywhere
has been obliged to withdraw from
the left bank of the Piave. If entello
has been cor.njetely retaken by a
vigorous attack.
"All alone the Prave our well or- i
gantxed and united force? ara going
forward, and at many pointa they <
have already reached the old linea !
oa the right bank of the Piava, be
ing everywhere la cloae contact with
the ratifia?; enemy toi?as.
Detachments of our infantry and !
r ivalry are on the left bank of the
Piava at several points. ?,
"From Cape Sile. which haa been
retaken, onr units are going for
ward on the Piave Nu-iva. Num
oua squadrons of bombing plane.?
are flying over the other side of thr
Piave where heavy Are of our ar
tillery and our o'anes la harassing
the beaten eaen y columns.
Prtseaers Xaaaereaa
' L'p to this hour prisoners in
great quantities have been captur
ed but their number cannot yet be
exactly stated. ? huge amount of
abandoned material fell In our
hands. On the remainder of the
front the fighting; activity continues.
Our frequent artillery actions and'
the raids by the patrol parties sus
tain our pressure at all points."
Military observers here were par
ticularly pleased by the report that
the enemy had been thrown out of
all positions in the Montello. It
haa been recognised that their hold
of three-quarters of the long slope
to the north of the Piave plains was
the sole menace created by the of
fensive At all times there waa a
distinct feeling that the Italiana had
sufficient reserve strength to retake
the positions at any ime. but it was
feared that the enemy might by a
new concentration be able to extend
his front at this point and control
by artillery Are the battle ground
to the south.
Piave Flaed Paaeea.
Aa yea. there Is no evidence to
indicate that the Ita,;im are pre
pared to throw a great force of men
to the left bank of the Piave. It
is known that the flood tide of the
Piave has passed and thai the river
is rapidly falling. This will drain
off much of the inundated territory
and permit of the rapid advanee of
covering; artillery and pontoons.
Italian military men. now visit
ing In Washington, believe that no
strong effort against the enemy
to the north of the Piave on the
Ime of the present fighting can be
atcniDteil tipleas an offensive is be
gun along tile entice mountain lie.
Italian Casualties
Less Than Half Foe's.
Staff Correspondent of the I. N. S.
London, June M.?Great possibilit?s
are certain If the Italian soktiera are
able to exploit their success over the
Austrtans. though it Is a ?-?sibil?i r
that the pursuers may have to halt on
the original Piave line, owing to other
elements of the greater situation.
The Italian casualties, i learn, are
lasa than half those of the Ammans,
who have absolutely notalng to (how
for their offensive.
Italian cavalry, R la le imed, have
been thrown across the Piave over
bridges hastily ballt by engineers and
they are driving "he enemy In the
long stretch on the eastern sMe rf the
river bet ?eau Conegiuuio and Oderso.
Allies Besah Railway?.
The allied airman are bombarding
the railways to those points and also
as far sooth aa Porto Gruaro. on the
Oderso rail. If these men ara sav
ers*] the whole Austrian right will be
rsopardiaed and the enemy employ
ment of any reserves frustrated.
Houth of the Zenson bend "of the
rtver, a fsw miles below Oderso. the
Austrian? are fighting a stubborn
rear-guard action ha an attempt to
?ver the bridgeheads at Ban Dona dl
Piave ant at Orisolera, a short dis
tance southward.
The Austrian? fled from the Mon
dello partly by a lone bridge and by
wading into the river. -They were
??wad dawn by the Italians following
Hosely on thetr heels, and seventy
tww piece? tsken by the enemy were
Teaching Enemy's Tongv
Eliminated by Vote of
Education Board.
. rman as a language study ?raa
..nipped from ?he curriculum of the
public school? of the District of
Columbia yesterday at a meeting of
the Board of Education.
It wii resolved to "suspend" the
teaching of German for the next
year commencing in September and
until further notice. A clause read
ing "until after the war" was vot
<*d down by the_ committee present
ing the motion as being "too in
definite." No discussion of the reso
lution was made In the public meet
! ing but a warm discussion went on
'behind closed doors In the meeting
! preliminary to the public session.
Only one member of the board was
i willing to go on record as voting
against the resolution, however.
Oae Vete Against.
The one vole cast against the reso
! lution came from Dr. H. Barrett
! Learned, of the Bureau of Special In?
? vestigation of the Department of
Justice. Learned, formerly Instruc
tor In niste, in Yale University, has
had four children in the public
"It Is a matter of principle with
me." said Dr. Learned to the repre
sentative of The Herald who called at
his home last nicht?"It is a matter of
principle with me not to interfere
with the elective principle In the
teaching of modern languages.
"German ranks with French, Ital
ian and Spanish. If a mistake has
been made. It was in ever putting it
Into the curriculum.
"The present war has risen from a
great number of factors, known and
unknown. Had German language, Ger
man customs and ideals been better
understood, we should have been bet
ter able to cope wl(h the pernicious
doctrines of the Prussian bureaucra
cy. J. ?. Cramb, whose book, 'Ger
many and England,' published in 1911.
Is one of the most startling prophecies
extant, was able to write the book
and warn his countrymen by reason
of his thorough understanding of the
German language and the German
"It Is true that here and there ?
teacher or a textbook may he Imbued
with some subtle form of Prussian
Ism, but this sort of Influence Is be
ine speedily offset. If not actually
eradicated by our virile and aroused
Americanism." The rider to the ap
propriation bill, calling for the elimi
nation of German In the District, was
characterised by Dr. Learned as"
"Savage." -|?M
"It is savage legislation which will
have ultimately to be abrogated,*' amid
he. "It reflecta the extreme point of
?lew taken by thoroughly aroused citi
sene whose sons' lives are at stake
in the procese of stamping out Pras
"Of course," continued Dr. Learned.
CONTIHU??? Ot? PAO? ?tVsi
May?? of tksma. Criticise?.
Richmond, Va., June 24.-The grand
Jury Investiga ting vice condition? fer
the past few weeks, late this after
noon recommended the removal of
Chief of Police Sherry, recently ap
pointed by Mayor Amelie, to jgssssOi
Chief of Police Sewell. and says the
mayor la not ntted to be at the head
of the polic? danartmeat.
Week Will See Debate on
Two Vital Questions
in Britain.
Labor Meeting and Ending
Coalition Also Active
Special Cestsspsndsnt of The Ia
ternatleaal Inn So??lee.
London, June 24.?The govern
ment faces two largo problems this
week. There will be the Irish de
bate agitation tomorrow, the meet
Ins of the labor party on Wednes
day, and coupled with these Is the
large possibility of the ending of
the political trace. Both occasions
will be used for the airing of the
pacifist Issues, which are expected
to have prominence for the root of
the week. '
The agitation Is totally unpropor
tioned to the slae of the elements
Involved, but It possibly win be
pushed to the extant of a test of
strength In many ways similar to
the ?pisode between Premier Lloyd
George and General Maurice.
The Premier himself Is likely
personally to enter both of the
fights with speeches which will
clear the air of what the Times
brand? as Bolshevism.
One of the most bitter attacks oa
the attempts to stampede the labor
1 party is printed today by the Bve
ning Standard. The paper score? M.
'). Morrei, the chief pamphleteer
the "defeatists." ?rao. the
; ?'< r1ar*e. baa been consistently
He has seised every occasion,"
ays the paper, "to impede the war
measures and to discourage the popu
lation. He has carried on Intrigue
against the men of his own party
, who have played a patriotic role.
"No one has done more than Ram
sey Macdonald and his friends to
lengthen the war and keep alive the
German hopes of a negotiated peace,
which now is ?Imply surrender."
The Evening News expressed the
belief that the great mass of labor
will throw over the pacifist leaders
? and will form a trade union labor
; party. Under the aptlon "a pacifist
blatherskite." tv. paper quotes Mar
donald's aatrela on the mater of union
democratic control at a meeting In
Glasgow Sundae. The News also
says that Mrs. Pethlck Lawrence, one
of England's best known women agi
tators, advised the women 'if the na
tion to write to the Premier that they
I "look on you aa a murderer."
| A clear outline of the sentiments or
| the patriotic women of the British
? Isles and the vast majority was given
today by Miss Christobel Pankhurst,
? daughter of Mrs. Emmeline Pank
I hurst, the English suffragist leader.
' now in the United States urging the
I saving of Russia
Pankharst Demands.
Miss PankhUsst addressed members
of the Woman's party In London,
among those present being the wife
of Premier Hughes of Australia
"Victory must be won," Miss Pank
hurst declared. "Victory or death I?
our motto. We never will be a party
to the signing of a compromise peace.
If that la the plsn of the politicians,
we will burst it up. This Is our
(challenge. Tou have got to win this
war, and win it no matter what the
difficulty. You have made dtfflcultiev
for yourselvea With no matter what
pain, or sacrifice, or cost, we defy the
soldiers to come b \ck home without
victory. We say:
" 'Don't come unless you ara vic
torious. We are willing to share your
difficulties, but not defeat We will
not live in A world over which Ger
many Has triumphed. We will die to
the last mar and woman and let the
Kaiser rule a desert of graves.' "
The following demands of the
Italian War Minister
Congratulated by Baker
Secretary Baker yesterday tart die folkwing cable
gram to the Italian minister of war:
The people of the United States are watching with
enthusiasm and admiration the splendid exploita of the
great army of Italy in resisting and driving back die enemy
forces which recently undertook a major offensive on the
Italian front I take great pleasure, in tendering my own
hearty congratulations and would be most happy to have
a message of greeting and congratulations transmitted to
Gen. Diaz ard his brave soldiers.
-Secretary of War."
Sends Congratulatory Message to Rotne on
Br il lian t Success, Which Proves Militar y
Efficiency?Now? Elate? Americans.
Secretary of War.
Our reports (rom Italy practically confirai in all details, without
addine very much te th? d?tails, what you have in the newspapers.
The success of the Italian army on their front is so reassuring and
spectacular that I have cabled the Italian minister of war a congrat
ulatory telegram.
The exploit of the Italian army was really one of the fine, big
things of the war. They have been aided by the ?welling river, hut
even bet?re th? Piave roaa Shey hoe asjwctscawry anrsterl the great
drive, and the speed with which they have taken advantage of the
situation created by the rising of the river shows great military
organization and efficiency.
I The Austrian? have crossed the
river, and I set no report confirming
the report that the Italians have
The time the British and French
sent their divisions over it took sub
stantially a week before the first be
gan to arrive, and that was regarded
as a remarkably effective placa of co
operation. Of course the line of rail
roads from France to the Italian front
is very direct. I think the German
Austrian line would be very much
more difficult The Austrian report
tala morning looked as though they
were trying to pr?paie public opinion
for new? of a reverse.
I have had a great many evidence?
of thai wide-spread sympathy of the
I'nHed Staes with the Italian cause.
A great many people have written
and spoken to rae about it, and there
seems to be s great deal of publie In
terest In it. I am delighted to know
that this is so. I can not state too
strongly the American interest In the
lail?n effort.
Strong Force Takes Last Section Remaining
in Hands of Germans, Cleaning Out Ma
chine Gun Nests?Americans in Alsace.
charge, by the Americans, ihe first
of which took the enemy by surprise.
The enemy artillery? however, had
prepared for the attack by laying
down a vigorous barrage early on
Sunday evening, the Infantry plunging
In at the opportune moment.
One of the Boche machine guns was
located In a tree and was being In
geniously operated by means of a Mil
ley arrangement. A squad of A men
cans exhibited great courage In get
ting It.
HsM Seetar la Alaaec.
With the American Army In France.
June 34.?The American soldiers are
now holding a hilly sector In Alsace,
west of Colmar and south of St. Die.
They entered the line nearly a fort
night ago.
It is now permissible to announce
this, following the repulse or ihe en
emy's raid mentioned In Sunday's
Trie White House. Government Departments and the Committee on Public Information
AB Subscribe to Several Copies of
The Big War New? Break? for the Morning Paper?
?and The Herald is the morning paper from which they can get the latest war newt most quickly.
On Sunday, June II. the first news of The Herald carried exclusively In yes
the Austrian drive was carried by The terday's paper the story of the arrival In
Herald ahead of any other Washington Washington of Alexander Konowaloff, ,
peper. member of Kerensky's cabinet.
The Herald yesterday was the only local The only new angles of the American
saper carrying the report that the An?- forces' drive in the Marne section were
trian cabinet will resign. This news was In the morning newspaper stories, while
>lso carried on the first pane of the New the afternoon papers, twelve hours later,
fork Times. carried colorless rewrites of the news.
The Associated Pre*?, one of the largest "newsgathering agencies in the -world, uses many
thousand* of miles of telegraph wires for morning papers in excess of their afternoon service.
The progress of the armies is reported in night communiques. /Night cables carry all the big
news of the day. Day cables are dogged with commercial messages. Therefore, the latest war
news always appears in the morning newspaper? ?
The Washington Herald
Daily, 1 Cent Sunday, 2 Cents
Citations by Pershing of
Men Who Were Heroes
at Cantigny.
Deeds Ran Gamut of Sacri
fice and Patriotism
in Exploits.
With the American Army In
France. June !4.?Buck privates
shared honors with colonels, and
with Mai. Theodore Roosevelt.
colonel's son. In the offl?lal citations
lust mad? for the American attack
on Cantigny. They constitute
remarkable document of American
heroism. The deeds they tell of
run the gamut of aaerll
trlotlsm. They tell for tao ars*
time the real story of ta? exploits
of Individuals la tao laplats of
Cantigny. baaed on tao ?molai re
port? after She excitement has pass
Hera is the story of Private Fred
H. Meyer, chosen at random from
the long honer refi of private? who
proved themselves the greetest
Meyer was of Jewish extraction. H?
osse hl? body aa a shield to
a comrade armed with an automatic
rifle. In order that the riflemen ?sight
thus Silano? a Qsiian machine
and reda?? the Aro f ethers, atyer.
h human targl*7~^SW*^mtrS!?T>-V/1ta
munirne bullets. Bat the gunner was
Col. Lucius ?. Holbrook. of the
field artillery. Is cited for "conspicu
ous skill in handling artillery groupa
during the attack and the subsequent
bombardments, preserving the mission
of the runs, adjusting their barrage,
and affording effective support and
protection to the Infantry."
MaJ. Roosevelt, it bow appears, com
manded an infantry battalion of the
first division of units which captured
the Important salient at Cantigny. and
held It in the face of repeated counter
attacka. MaJ. Roosevelt recognized
the serious nature of his task. He
was stern ind fearless. A glutton for
work, his conduct at Cantigny and
during the subsequent raid were an
Inspiration to his men. He has re
covered from the painful effects of
the gaa to which he was subjected
His brother, Archie, wounded several
weeka ago, has also been cited for
hravery and awarded the French
Croix de Guerre.
Other < Halloas.
Other citations follow:
Private Abe Kaufman, of the ar
tillery: "His fingers were shot off.
but he refused to leave his gun and
remained at his post until hs wss
more seriously wounded.
Corp. Anthony C. Bills, of the ar
tillery: "He repaired telephone
wires and set up communications,
until his arm was shot off."
Corp. Leon Barlow, of the artil
lery :"He left a sick cot and volun
teered to fight He repaired five
breaks In a wire, during a heavy
artillery and machine gun fire, and
carried a message safely to the regi
mental commander."
Private John Fennessey, of the in
fantry: "He remained at hia post
mortally wounded, until the fight
waa over. Dying, his last thought
was the advisability of putting a
new automatic rifle in a position. Ht
was brave and loyal to the last
Cearage and ?kill.
Lieut. Col. John A. Crane: "Hie
courage and skillful conduct of an ar
tillery battalion and the accuracy of
his fire contributed to success of the
Private Alexander Phillips: "Twice
wounded while remaining at his post
as runner for four comrades unUl
they retired."
Lieut. Jack Coonan: "Held his men
by his personal bravery during a
heavy enemy barrage and advanced
and turned the enemy flank under a
withering fire."
Corp. John G. FUnt: "With shells
breaking on all sides, he kept shoot
ing at a German aviator with a ma
chine gun. until twice wounded."
He was rescued by Lieuts. M. P.
Bedsole and Cyrus Gernsey, both of
whom also are cited.
Lieut Cameron and Sergt Tahl
strand Killed at,Miami.
Miami, Fla., June 24.?Lieut- Duncan
C. Cameron, of Pittsburgh, and Sergt.
Ernest Tahlstrand, of Chicago, were
instantly killed at the Marine Corps
station at Curtis Field today when
their airplane fell to a tail spin and
crashed five hundred feet to the earth.
The two fliers had finished their
usual daily flying work and decided
to take another trip up to try some
stunts. It is thought a broken con
trol rod was the cause of the accident
This Is the fourth fatal accident at
Curtis Field.
Stiflns Grow in Number
Munich, via London. Jon? 24 ?
Strike?, riot? and disorders now
extend all over Austria and Hun
gary according to admission made
by ta? newspapers of Vienna, ?
Within Few Hours, Says Lloyd
George, Great Event May
Occur; Certain to Be Soon.
Number of Americans Arriving Enough to
Defeat Foe Ultimately, British Pre
mier Declares.
Loi.cjR June 24.?The ultimate defeat of Germany
is now seen by the allied powers. This flat and trans
cendentally important statement was made by Premier
Lloyd George in the house of commons today.
He told his audience that the scales were being turned
fast by the fast-arriving American army.
"We are oa the ere of a great event" the Bru
is, statesman declared?and the beeches of the chasa
? ber were transformed iste a wild demonstraboa.
"There might be t blew cessstf wrtha a few
beers;' the premier declared, in predicting the im
portant event he wee visualizing fer Parhemeat.
"(^rUis-y," he aided, "it wil ceeee withe, a few
"The allies never felt better prepared." he added?
and another tumult of cheers greeted the statement
"The number of Asserii:ans who have come since
March is sufficient to satisfy the allies and ultimately de
feat Germany." Lloyd George then flatly asserted. He
then added:
"The next two months will be anxious months, but
the allies are improving and are confident regarding the
relative strength, which now is nearly equal.
"The Americans are coming and shortly, it is pos
sible, the allies will be stronger than Germany.
"The enemy has no reserves to call upon for another
offensive except through a drastic combing out of his es
sential industries. He is already doing this."
Reference to Italy's overwhelming defeat of the Aus
trian army on the Piave drew further cheers from the
house. The Austrian empire, the premier added, had put
her whole strength into the abortive blow toward the
Venetian Plains and her armies now are in full retreat
There is no question, he said, as to which way the enemy
must retreat, but the question is whether he is able to
retreat ?
The premier sketched the state of conditions in Rus
sia, which country, he said, was awakening to the need of
taking part in the final overthrow of the central powers.
Any move against the Germans in the East, the pre
mier reminded the members of the house, must necessarily
meet with difficulty. There is only one access, he said,
and the power which has the access to Russia is Japan.
Empty Transport Victim of U-Boat
700 Milo Out. June 18. ,
Following Um Unding of survivors
st American porta. Secretary Daniels
yesterday announced tbe sinking of a
British transport by a German sub
marine, June IS. TOO miles east of the
Delaware capes.
It la believed here thst the enemy
craft was part of the squadron of
German U-boats assigned to prey on
commerce and troopships off the
American coast ' If the submarine
waa coming this way It is to be ex
pected that the raids along the At
lantic coast, which ceased after the
first ended, nearly two week? as
will be resumed.
A The official announcement follow?
"The Navy Department has been
advised that an allied transport, un
der American charter, waa aunk on
June IS about 70? miles east of the
Delaware capea. The ahip waa west
bound, and had no troops on board.
"The vessel waa sunk without
warning, the submarine not being
see? until after the torpedo struck.
After the vessel settled, and they
were unabled to use the guns, the
crew took to the boats. The sub
marine came to the surface and fired
nineteen shots Into the ship.
"All the crew, a total of MS men,
got away In seven boat? before the
vessel sank. Of these the asen in
four boats have been landed?two
boats' crews by steamer at New
York; one host's crew by steamer at
Hampton Roads, aad one boat's craw
by sailing ? vessel at Bei muda total,
eighty-one men. Three boats ars still
missing, aad nanrh is being made far
the??.- s
Whole Situation Dominated by
Hunger, Emperor Finds.
London, June 24 ?Austria is rap*
idly deteriorating into anarchy.
says the Amsterdam correspondent
of the Daily express
Emperor Karl, the correeponden*
says, has returned to Vienna to III
that the solution of the hunger sit
uation dominates the whole situa
There Is no algn of amelloraioa of
rondinone, deapite Germany's prom
ise to send several thousand tona of
It is evident the dispatch con
tinues, from Premier Von Seydler's
words to the correspondent of tao
Berliner Tageblatt that the reduced
bread ration can be maintained oaly
if Germany helpa. What will nan
pen if the help Is Insufficient re
mains to be seen.
As a consequence of the graia
conflict German public opinion, and
especially that of the military and
and conservative classes, la becom
ing remarkably anti-Austrian. This
following has been Increasing since
the retreat of the Austuan? from
the Piave.
The Austrian* now are hating the
Germans Moreover they declare they
are more harshly treated by their
own allies than by their enemies..
The Germans, the correspondent
concludes, are afraid a revolution la
Vienna will spread to Germany.
Strikes, riots snd disorders have
spread all over Austria and Hungary,
and the statement is made on th. ad
missions of the Vienna newspapers
themselves SoaaUy supplias of food
have been obtained to remedy the
famine situation, the heat suggeetiea
offered being weekly supplies ??"
Borsa sasat and tours of military sse
m? ktveaeas earn mg Usi? sena.

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