Newspaper Page Text
EXPRESSED U.S. DESIGH--BYOIR, Vice Chairman of PubKc Information Speaks to "AcT Men. . The New Advertising Club of Washington held its first meeting at a dinner at the Commercial Club hut evening. The speakers of the j evening were Carl Byotr. associate, chairman of the Committee on Pub lio Information, and Horman Philip son of the War Savings Commit tee. " Mr. Byoir spoke on the relation of the Committee on Public Inf?r mame to tao Associated Adver t?ais* Clebe of the World, and out lined the many ways in which ad vertising serr?e the nation Id war times. Mr. Byoir seid, in part: "When the Committee on Public in formattami was formed, most peo ple believed that it would be an agency of repression. But in v-ar Mr. Creel has made It one of the greatest mediums of expression in the history of government. The committee was confronted at the outset with what In reality was a great advertising problem. "In the same sence. tve Commit tee on Public Infor.nation had g to 'sell' through adver It was our .work to bring sil the people of the world. of Americas cause; to this was not a war for ial gain, for territorial ag ment or to secure adven t retehr to put honestly be world that we fought for - e high principals of free 1 democracy for which we always fought, and in the .of the President; that we de s*.thing for ourselves that we desire for all the peoples ?eOTld." "We employed almost every form of publicity before we were able to em ploy the great organised forces of ad vertising. We had organised the artists of the country. 30.000 4-mmute men. 9.100 other public speakers, and 17.000 advertising men. A bill had been proposed to appropriate S2.000.0CO for government advertising. The bill failed of passage. Advertising men were Inclined to be critical of this de cision. If there was a failure In gov ernment to appreciate the valut si advertising. It was the failure of ad vertising men themselves who had not educated the general public to the true meaning of advertising. "But the advertising men met this situation as they found it. and filled ? he breach by the patriotic donation "f millions of dollars worth of adver tising space. They had never once ? enounced their belief that advertising ha? a real money value, but they have patriotically set aside their convlc ? ions, because no money was avail able, and the government needed ad \ ertislng as a factor toward the win ning of the war. ? 1 believe that when the war is over and the American people realise how gfessBy advertising has contributed to Hie final victory, that It will be the glraj'jr of the advertising profession that in the nation'a crisis they set adid* their business conviction and mei the need of the government by voluntary service and contribution. ' "??> ??kiaartoa Papen Praised. Air. Philipaon paid a rme trioute to the national character of Washington newspapers and advertising, and warned his bearers that war condi tions would make "good advertising ?opy" an essential to help meet the ipevitable smaller sixe of advertising mediums. lister Lansburgh. president of the Advertising Club of Washington, waa heartily congratulated by the raeni oers on the success of the first meet ing. President Lansburgh announced 'hat all "makers, buyers and sellers of advertising" are welcome to mem bership in the clob. and that *H who desire to Join should send their names 'o Secretary Charlea J. Columbus, at the office of the club. 403 Star Build ing. 11?! Pennsylvania avenue north west. ZABRISKIE SUGAR HEAD. Sugar distribution under the new regulations among both the retail and ? liolesale dealers will come under the ? issane of Oeorge A. Zabriskie of the Food Administration. Mr. Zabriskie has been at the head <>f the retail and wholesale flour dis tribution division at the Federal Ad ministration for some time. He will 'emain in charge of the flour division, as well as the sugar division, from i.ow on. as a part of the Food Admin istration. No Advance in Price | RUR?S" Use one soothing, cooling application of ICR'S VAPORUBU 54k?75c?$1.00 lUN?OK TRUST EDWARDJ STEtLWAGEr, ??is Make the Most of Your Money Whether your in come is smalt or large, you owe it to yourself to make the most erf it The heat way to do this is to obtain the help of this bank. W? welcome small. as well as large ae ran ta. THE CANNING SEASON SEEK TO KEEP SPITZBERGEN FROM THE HDNS Immense Stores of Iron and Steel on Islands Brit ish Property. London (by mall).?Agitation ha? been started in England to prevent Germany's war lords and steel magnates from getting control of Spitsbergen, the El Dorado of the Arctic Ocean. Should Germany be forced to give up Alsace-Lorraine, with Its coal and Iron deposits, a far richer prise, although more distant, would be won should her plunder-bund get possession of Spitzbergen, a group of islands lying about 1.000 miles north of Norway and 1.000 miles east of Greenland. The territory of 24.000 square miles has 2.000 square miles of known coal and iron deposits. If Germany's influence in Russia prevails, the acquisition of Spitz bergen would be the next logic-'' step toward further economic domi nation of Russia and Scandinavi,' Germany contends that Spitsber gen is a "No Man's Land." Us status having been so fixed by an inter national conference at Christiania in 1914. However, before the war, Norway and Russia informally were discussing the future of this terri tory. ? sisada Are British. Historically and financially, the islands are British. By order of King James I., never annulled, Spitsbergen was annexed for the Muscovy Company. From 1614 to 1070 the British occupied the south ern half of the main Island. But twenty-three square miles are con trolled by German Interests, while 1.000 .square miles are claimed by British enterprise. Five months a year the seas are open and the land is but sixty to seventy-two hours by steam vessel to Scottish ports. The group Is looked upon as tbe future fuel supplying, center for Scandinavian countries and north Russia. There are huge accumulations of loose ore broken off by erosion from the main depooslts, less than 12t? miles from the sea. The islands are hab itable the year round. Should Ger many get control of tbe land, which already has humorously ben dub bed "Frltzbergen.** she would have a great ore supply for ship build ing. Control ofthe territory also would mean domination of the trade route to Archangel. However, the British fleet may have something to say about the matter. Robert Edeson Stalls Before New Marriage Newark, N. J.. June 27.?George El liot Edeson, better known on the stage u Robert Edeson. and Miss Mary ifewcomb, the leading lady In 'he ?81ck A Bed" company which Just ?losed an engigement, in New York, >btatned a marriage license here ye terday and were expected to return :oday to be married by Mayor Glllen it the City Hall, but did not appear Mia? Neweomb gave her address as La Gran ?eville. N. T. According to the marriage license rareau records Edeson obtained a Inai decree of divorce from Mrs. Jeorge Elliott Porter Edeson on fuly 6. LIBRARY SYMBOLISM TALK. Mi?? Alice H?tchens Drake gave an Ilustra ted talk on the symbolism of be decoration? In the Library of Congress at a meeting of the Y. W". C. C Booklovers' Club held yesterday at be Country Club. ?01 Wisconsin ave rne northwest The meeting 1? the aat held by the society until next fall. Ifter Miss Drake'? talk a film version if Enoch Arden was shown. CASTOR IA Far Infanti and Children IM USE FOR OVER 30 YEARS Arsravs bears -^^ ^????^"^ No Sugar for Canning Until After July 4, Food Office Rules clarence R. Wilson, food ad ministrator for the District of Columbia, yesterday sent notices to all retailers of sugar in Wash ington telling them to discontinue selling sugar on certif?cales for canning purposea until after July 4. The following letter was sent to all dealers: "Too are hereby directed not to sell sugar for home canning and preserving purposes upon the home canner's certificate pledge between this date and the 4th day day of July, 1M8. "Please return at once to this office all signed certificate pledges .low In your possession. Householders who have on hand a supply of vegetables or fruit to be canned or preserved between this date and the fourth of July, and need sugar for that purpose, should make written application at thia office for permit to bey augar. "G?less notified to the contrary. you may again sell sugar to householders for canning and pre serving purposes upon the certifi cate pledge, aa heretofore, on and after the 6th day of July." ?QUIEM MASS FOR ARCHBISHOP KEANE Monsignor Mackin to Celebrate To day at St. Paul's. Coincident with the burial, in Dubu que, Iowa, of Archbishop John .1. Keane, Monsignor Mackin, pastor of St. Paul's Catholic Church here, will celebrate solemn high requiem muss at 9 o'clock this morning for the re pose of hia soul. Archbishop Keane died in Dithu^ue I Saturday, following a brief illness ; He had promised to come to Wash ington to assist In the celebration of the golden jubilee of Monsignor Bac kin, next Tuesday. Known to hundreds of Washington ? residents, Archbishop Keane was the first rector of Catholic. University, be- ' rag made the directing head of the.! university when it was opened in 1883. Previous to that time he nad been stationed at St. Patrick's Church here. From St Patrick's he was sent to Richmond. Va., as bishop, and later spent several years m Rome. Upon his return to the United States, he was made Archbishop of Dubuque. Archbishop Keane nod .Monsignor Maekln were lifelong friends. SAYS WILSON LEADS IN WORLD'S THOUGHT Or. Anna Howard Show Declares President's Words Echo in Paris. President Wilson is the leader In world thought and democracy. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw told members of the T. W. C. A. in an address at the New York Avenue Presbyterian church last night, referring to the introduction in the French chamber of a bill to give women full parlia mentary and municipal powers. Introduction of the bill. Dr. Shaw said, waa the direct result of Presi dent Wilson's general appeal to the nationa to grant suffrage to women and hia specific cable to Madame Shaumberg, preaident of the French Suffrage Association. "That President Wilson Is the leader In world thought and espe cially In the idea of democracy there can be no doubt," she declared. Mrs. Shaw expressed confidence that the pending suffrage amendment would pass the Senate tomorrow./ NURSE'S WATCH STOLEN. Mrs. Catherine Vass. a nurse at I Providence Hospital, last night re ported to the nolice that a gold watch valued at tlOO had been stolen from the Nurses' Home. She suspects a young whit* man who was seen to enter the premises, and la able to identify him THIEVES TAKE 2 RINGS. Anna Donovan, 4618 Fourteenth street northwest, last night reported the theft from her apartment of a diamond ring valued at lisa and an other ring set with a sapphire sur rounded by diamonds worth $100. She has no clue. ? GIRLS? WRITE OFTEHERTO BOYSniFRANCE Mothers and Sisters Doing Bit, But Sweethearts Dilatory. By C. C. Lyon, ? Washington Herald's Reporter At tached to Gen. Pershlng?? Army. letters from home! Our fighters,!? Krasses don't get haA enoufNj of ? hem. One day at the front a high general ? ailed a number of war correspond ents together and said to us: "Tell the folks back home to write more cheery letters to our boy? In France. A homesick, despondent sol dier might a? well be in the hospital. "Nothing keeps the boys in good spirits like letters from home. If every boy could get two letters a week, tbe army discipline question would be half solved." The mother? of America do very well at the letter-writing game. And the sisters are a close second. The dads and brothers don't take their r>en? In hand very often, but nobody suffers through their neglect, so long as mother or sister keep the family new? coming. It'? the sweethearts who are at fault! At least nine-tenths of the enlisted men in France left sweethearts be hind in America. These girls should make It their business to write often and regularly, regsrdless of how mauy letters they get In return from France. A soldier boy can't be depended upon to write regularly. He is In the Lrenches for days at a time, and when he goes off guard he Is so tired he throws himself Into a muddy dug out and sleeps. The girls back home .-?hould take this Into consideration. And girls, use tact In your letter writing. The other day ? saw a boy throw a letter aside In disgust. "Whattaya know about this?" he peeved. "A seven-pager from my girl, and on every page she tells me what a good time sh's ha vin' going te dances with a guy who didn't get ,nto the army because he had flat feet. "Next thing I know she'll be mar ryin' thnt gink. There ought to be a, law against a fellow with flat feet marryin.' " WAR TO BRING GOOD, SAYS CW. HAMLIN Missouri Congressman Predicts Re finement from Calamity. "Out of this great world calam ity an ever-ruling Providence will bring good." said C. W. Hamlln representative from Misourl, who addressed the Voluntary Improve ment Club of the Miles Memorial Church, Third street, between New Tork avenue and L street northwest, last evening. "The great sacrifice and sorrow and trouble of the na tions will bring good for the survi- ] vor?. Gold is of greater value when it is refined. "We are fighting for equal rigftts for all peoples In all lands, against a ruthless potentate who would rate the world as he pleases." Representative Hamlin was intro duced by the. pastor of the church the Rev. J. I. Carrol. A silver of fering was taken for the redecora tlon of the Interior of the church. OCEANS RULED BY HUMANITY, SAYS DANIELS Allied Navies Assure Suc cess, Secretary Tells Service Club. "As Iona* a? the allied navies rtde the seas, the foe has no chance to win this war!'* Secretary Daniels was greeted with .rounds of applause by a large number of army and nary officers i when he gare expression to auch confidence In the course of fata ad dress last night before the United Service Club of America. Just before he bad celled atten i 'on to the fact that for the first lime In history every known sea or the earth wes ruled by the flags that stood for humanity and Jus tice. "This war has changed the world entirely." he said. "After it is over. we can look on scenes of chlralrsy auch as mankind has never known. It has been my privilege to read direct reports of deeds of valor per formed by? men In the pavy that hare filled my soul with pride, and by second hand I have had access to some of the brave acts of men In the army. "In a general was*, they are sim ilar, showing that American cour age has reached a high standard, no matter In what service it has been exploited, and that our Ideala of American manhood have become standardised." Cites Herelsa?. Secretary Daniels cited the heroism displayed by the crews, of the Alcedo and the President Uncoln when the two vessels were torpedoed, as carry ing eut this idea, and also cited other instances when men had csst aside all thoughts of self and stood shoul der to shoulder in the causo of democ tscy. "It was not so rery long ago," he said? "when men devoted their lives to clipping coupons in their efforts to schiere financial supremacy. But all that Is changed now, and the time Is coming when we may look back and aee how the country wan united as It was never united before In support ing the men we have sent aerose the seas to strike the shackles from tho slaves of monarchlal misrule, and up hold our Ideals of everlasting peace and happiness." According to Secretary Daniels, er ery true American is "doing his bit" to win the war, and those beyond the draft age came In for a big ?hare of 11 raise on this account. The Secretary spoke with the ut most confidence regarding the war situation, and seemed to conrey the impression hat everything In that connection looked good to him. DRAFT AGE LIMITS PROPOSED FOR VOTE ARE FROM 20 TO 40 riONTINVED FROM PAGE ON?. 21 should not be used on the firing line. 'It's an Insult to the young boys: It's trying to make tin soldiers out of them," he asserted. Senator Chamberlain took the floor. "I'm in accord with the Senator from Minnesota; aside from sentiment the boys from ss to 21 are best fit to serre." he said. 'But this war can't be waged unless the sentiment of the country backs It And the country will not stand for drafting boys under a." "Oh, let us put down the limit and let Germany know we are willing to do so," pleaded Senator Nelson. Mast Hare Greet Assay. Secret testimony of Gen. Crowder. the provo.?t marshal, that Class 1 would be exhausted comparatively soon, was alluded to. "If we look into the future," said Senator Wadsworth, "we know we will need 3.000,000 men soon, and 5,000. 000 before the war Is over. We must extend the draft. Otherwise we must take married men and men from the munition factories. "Let's get men into the armies. This Is truly a world war. Let us estab lish an absolute preponderance on the Western front and use our surplus In fishting Germany and her allies Turkey and Bulgaria, too. all orer the world. Make It a world war. Sena tors, and you will end It the sooner." "This country is big, strong, rich enough to send men everywhere. What a blessing it would be If an American army was on the Piave River today! We should attack he Teutons and their allies In It.My, the Balkans, Mesopotamia, yes, evin ta Siberia, where I bellore many people would rally round a disin terested army. Were big enough to do It, and we should." Ban en ? Men Slacken. On behalf of the State Depart ment Senator Hitchcock, chairman of the Foreign Relations Commltte, offered an amendment withdrawing forerer any chance of citizenship from nationals of "co-belligerents or neutrals" who have taken out first papers, yet aeek Immunity from the draft. "The State Department thinks the present policy of drafting these men is wrong." said Senator Hitch cock. "Tet I don't think when they claim immunity they should be al lowed citizenship." Senator France preaented an amendment calling men from 19 to 21 for training In military or other Citizens Like Brownlow's Action on Phone Rates The action of Commissioner Brownlow In refusing to grant the increase in the telephone rates of the District was unanimously en dorsed by the North Capitol and Eckington Citizens' Association at a meeting held at the Emery School last night. After a short business meeting tin association adjourned until the fourth Tuesday In September. Don't Say "A Pound of 7W?Say "SALADA" TEA then you'll get the real deliciousnes? of pure, fresh, fragrant leaves blended to perfection. At your grocer. Sealed packets only. WOUNDED YANKS IN PARIS WORN OUT, BUT CHEERFUL Men Evacuated to Hospitals Radiate Enthusi asm and Determination, Correspondent Tells?Incidents Related. By ERNEST P. ORK, ?ta* Cerreepeadrat ef the laternatlewel Hew. >,nl~. Paris, June 25.?Although tired, weary and suffering, the Anseri can woundedwho are being evacuated to. hospital? in and around Paris radiate enthusiasm, ' cheerfulness and determination, doom is a word that cannot be found in their vocabulary- They think only of recovery so that they may return to the fray with renewed vigor. Pf**? ef < balea? Thierry. ? That's th? Impression on? gats from a visit to the hospital ward?. They all take pardonable pride in what their respective companies have done around Chateau Thierry. While they are reticent regarding the part they have played, they have tale? of wonderful heroism to tell ?boot their comrade?. Walter 8. Link, Lake avenue, Rowland Park, Md.. and Andrew Makerewlck. New York, both injur ed by shrapnel, took part In a three hours' successful battle to drive the Germans out of an important wood in which the boche had gained a foothold. , Wounded officers have nothing but praise tor their men, who, they de-1 clare, fight like seasoned veterans. Lieut. Calvin D. Richards, alor ganfield. Ky.. ?poke of the work of the "runner?"?those fleet-footed men who carry message? from th? attacking platoons to the company or regimental headquar ter?. "I saw two runners ?tart out with a message when a shell landed prac tically under their feet. They wen thrown Into the air but by some thing short of a miracle neither waa hurt. They got up. stunned and dased for a second, snd then start ed on their business." Fred S. Hallmaa, Berlin. Wla: John Wilson, Gaffney. 8. C ?nd Thomas Scalise, Warren, Pa. ware among the gassed at Cantigny also. "I ?aw a corporal and one of his men. manning a machine gun. killed by German bullets." ??id Realise, "but the other two men with th? gun. kept at It until the weapon melted. They gav? th? heck? hell." Up Cantigny way the Germans have nicknamed the Americans the "Black Snake?." becas?? they are continually crawling through th? grass toward the enemy linea, giv ing the Han no rest, according to John Schoepka. Fon du Lac Wla. "The prisoner? we took up there want to know when we slept," he ?aid. ?: * "But we never sleep and they will never catch us drowsy.** Schoepka was ?rounded by shrap nel In the thigh. CHERRTDALE LODGE OPENED. Cherrydale Vacation Lodge of the Washington T. W. C. A. baa been opened for week-ends and fortnight vacation? for the girl member?. Rea**, recreation and fresh air are th* in ducements offered. TIRPITZ HOGS } TRAIN SEATS;" IS MOBBED ?Ei-U-Bo.tPirate*' Routfi ly Handled by German Pleasure Seekers. rf ? l?l?? * t?. Tb? ? s cotn-J, ?a w'l-eT, AmsUrdem. (by mail)?Admiral Tlrpita, Ir disclosed as a "saat bog" In ha article In the Socialist orge* Vorwaerts of Berlin On a recent German holiday the train from Stettin to Berlin was packed with pleasure seekers, women and children being staffed Into carriages like sardines. A crowd which tried to light Its was aboad the train et Frelen welde discovered that an entire half of one second-class carriage was occupied by an amiable look- t lag old man with a leaur beard. TheJ guerd refused to disturb hi? fort, earing the compartments reserved for hlm. Someone shouted "It's Old Tir pltsi" That threw the crowd into a frensy, and It started for the train to mob the old ex-pirate chief Von Tlrpita became frightened et the demonstration and '-rdereaV the guard to admit the crowd to,.* his compartments. "He would hare been roucblv a handled had he not surrendered." ? says Vorwaerts. MRS. CHAM? CLARK RECEIVES. atra Champ Clark, wife ef the Speaker of the House, will receive from 4 until S o'clock this afternoon at the Congress Hall Hotel in honor of the Genevi?ve Clark war workers. atra. Clark will give en tasrreetinc talk along the lines on which the .lue is formed. DISCRIMINATION IN THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE ?Overtime Work Required ?Overtime Pay Denied ?Hours Increased. Organized Labor lew??*. Maximum Eignt-Heur Wort lay With Pay for Overt?*, Mr. Bori?* Wants Minimum Eight-Hour Work lay With No Pay for Overtime, The action of the Senate and House conferees on yesterday, June 25. 1918. in agreeing to the Borland amendment providing a minimum of eight hours' work for all Government employes who are to share in the $120 increase during 1919. but who get no pay for overtime work, is in striking contrast to the action of the last session of Con gress and the action of the National War Labor Policy Board as approved by the Presi dent Congress grants an increase of $120 a year, about ten per cent, because of the high cost of Irving, and in the same act provides an increase in hours of about fourteen per cent, with no pay for overtime. . In the Urgent Deficiency Act of last year. Congress provided that whenever em ployes of Government contractors are required to work more than eight hours, they should be paid therefor at the rate of time and a half. All employes in Navy Yards. Ar senals, and other Governmental industrial institutions have a work day of eight hours, with time and a half for overtime. The policy of the Natie ?al War Labor Board, approved by President Wilson, pro vides for a basic eight-hour day, with time and a half for overtime. The Council of National Defense has recommended that no change be made in hours of work. Railroad employes, by act of Congress, were awarded the eight-hour day with pay for overtime. Their wages were increased 43% by the Railroad Administration. The Government, by the awards of its different boards, is forcing its contractors to pay higher and higher wages,, and is itself doing so where the employes are thoroughly organized, to enable them to meet the high cost of living. In every case time and a half is paid for overtime. The employes who are getting the higher increases m wages in the Navy Yards and Arsenals have the absolute right to thirty days' leave with pay each year. We have merely the privilege of leave, which is frequently denied. Under the present law the employes concerned in the Borland amendment may be required to work as long as is considered necessary by the heads of departments, but without pay for overtime. They have been, and are now, working much longer than eight hours. They have not objected to doing so. and will not so object during the war. They are willing to contribute their overtime work if the normal workday is kept at seven hours. They have in their mass meetings volunteered to work all necessary over time without claim to pay therefor under present law. They have asked for reasonable increases in pay, and such requests have been denied, when similar requests from the highly organized employes have been granted? instance the railroad employes, the employes in the Navy Yards, Arsenals, shipbuilding plants and industrial concerns everywhere?in heartless corporations, too. Now, at the instigation of Congressman Borland, who has on the floor of the House of Representatives, styled the Washington employes "slackers." Congress proposes to give a TEN DOLLAR A MONTH TIP to the Government employes and to increase their hours by fourteen per cent and allow no overtime pay. These two provisions apply to the employes of the United States all over the country, not merely those in Wash ington. SENATORS AND CONGRESSMEN: Do you believe in this sort of cbcnmiaation ? The A. F. of L Convention in St. Paul. Minn., last week adopted a resolution condemn ing this legislation. If you want more work out of the Government employes do not discriminate against them in this way. We appeal to you for justice and fairness. SENATOR MARTIN says: "I think it (the Borland amendment) is the most foolish piece of legislation that I have heard of in a long time. In war times, especially, to do anything which will antagonize labor is a mistake." GOVERNMENT EMPLOYES: What will you do? Join the Union NOW. See your Senators and Congressmen. Ask them to vote against this measure. Make the Union strong and virile to start an immediate fight for overtime pay and justice if dus measure goes through. It is rumored on good authority that the mechanics will soon get a flat wage of eighty-five cents an hour, with time and a half for overtime, double time for Saturday afternoon, holiday and Sunday work, because they are strongly organized, ready to fight, and because the cost of living has gone up to a degree necessitating this wage and making it merely just. You must face the same or worse rise in living costs, and because you are not strongly organized, you are. given a ten dollar a month tip and your hours increased. The mechanics get careful consideration of all their requests for adjustments. You don't You will not get justice and fair treatment until you are thoroughly organized, active and interested in the organization work, and vigorously using the organization for your own good. We offer the means to overcome this dis crimination. Will you accept? Join the Union now and demand what is your right. H. M McLARIN. President Headquarters: National Federation of Federal Employes. ? 4M) A. F. of L Bldg.. Washington, D. C Mat. Meeting at Masonic Temple, 13th and Hew tati Afina, Sunday Afternoon Next, Jim 30th, 2:30 P. M.