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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, June 30, 1918, Image 1

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NO. 4265.
Senate Acts to Give U. S.
Forces Twelve Billion
Authorizes Regiments for
Men 18 to 21 and
31 to 45.
Carrying appropriations of mor?
?ban 112.000,000.1)00 for the prosecu
tion of the war. aad conferring au
thority on th? President to raise aa
larve aa army as may bo necessary
to Insure final victory, the Senate
yesterday afternoon passed the army
appropriation bilL There was not
an opposlna vote. The bill had been
before tbe Senate almost continu
ously for five days.
Dosen? of amendments, some of
larve Importai e. but most of them
of a minor character, were sought
to be added to the bill durine the
last day of its consideration, and
most of them were accepted without
Tbe numerous amendments to the
MU ?u it came from tbe House makes
it aeo/asary for it to ao to confer
ence,.1 and Senator Chamberlain,
chairman ot the Military Affairs
Cojmmittee, who had th? measure In
charge, and Senators Warren and
Hitchcock were appointed the Sen
tale conferee?.
Psoiidea Raaalaa Lesi??.
An important amendment added to
the bill authorizes the President to
raise a Runesian legion tn the United
States, to be composed of friendly
aliens of that nationality. As the
amendment was orginally presented
by Senator Kins;, of Utah, it proposed
the raisins; of this legion for service
only In Russia, either Independently
or with any American troops that
might be sent there. But the provi
sion limiting the fteld of service of
this pr'ipo-ed legion to Russia waa
?Withdrawn by its author, after
objection by Senator McCumber, of
North Dakota.
One Important amendment agreed to
earlier In the week authorises the
President to raise a Slavic legion In
the Unit?rd States for service ?n
Europe, to be recruited with volun
teers representing people? of Slavic
blood now under the domination of the
aentral empires.
Another amendment authorize? the
training in this country ot soldier? of
other countries, particularly Central
and South American, and the War
Department is authorised to aqutp
them for service overseas. This is
regarded as paving the way for ?active
?participation in the war by the Sooth
am ratsuhlica. >?*-.? ??**- |
Another amendment, offered by Sen
ator Foil of New Mexico, authorize? ?
the President to raiee three of more
resamente of volunteers between the
ages of 18 and 21 year? ?nd 31 and 4?.
the officers to be appointed by tba
lio Draft Age Chance.
The amendment by Senator McKellar
of Tennesa-e authorising the President
to confer the rank of lieutenant gen
eral upon the officer detailed as pro
vost marshal general was added. In
offer-in??; the amendment Senator Mc
Kellar said It was intended as a rec
ognition of the service? performed by
Gen. Crowder in the draft
Another amendment authorize? the
Preldent to fix a date for registerin?-;
alien? subject to military service under
the country's draft treaties.
The principal fight during the con
sideration of the army bill was over
tan amendment by Senator Fall chang
ing the draft ages to 20 and 10 years.
Defeat of the amendment followed
word from the War Department that
a complete war program, to incluile
?revision of the draft, would be pre
asnted to Congress soon.
Gas flhd Electricity Production Will
Be Reduced by Administration.
Radical reductions In the quantity
Of coal used in the manufacture of
?lectriclty and Illuminating gas
?Will soon be ordered by thje? Fuel
Adminstration. It was announced
The order will take the place of
the "ligbtless ni-jht.'? ukase nf No
vember 13, which was suspended
May 1 because of the daylltrht sav
ing law. ?Tloser restriction?, it waa
?jointed out, will be put In effect
la the New England States, New
Xoj"k. Pennsylvania. New Jersey,
Delaware, Maryland and the Dis
trict of Columbia. Ths Is necessary
Inasmuch sis the transportation of
Coal In these States and to them
prives the Fuel Administration one
?f Its hardest problems.
First, the or.1er 1? expected tn
provide that no theater or other
outdoor lights be turned on until
the ?treet 11?,?ht,? of the respective
municipalities shall have been
lighted. The unneceasary daylight
ase of electricity and electric ad
vertising displays will probably be
?hut off entirely. The order will
also deal with ?tore window lights
and will extend to all kinds of fuel.
Including gas and oil.
The amount of public lighting In
hny city, villano or town will be
?nly ?o much as may be neceaaary
tor aafety. and tha use of "clus
ter" lights for display or decora
tive purposes will be discontinued.
~It now appears." says the state
Bent from the Fuel Administration,
?that In every city and village of
the country, from which statistical
ind other reports have been aSMher
?d, electricity la being waSr%d In
large quantities In the production of
Ha*ht for advertising, street and
trtore Illumination and other similar
Surposes. The country needs nov
anti for the whole period of the war
trill need?mor? coal than It can
Bosaibly produce and transport."
?Vjafrage (Reform Bill to Be Intro
(duccd in Hungarian Parliament.
Amsterdam. June ?.?The Koelnlsche
ieitung reporta that the general strike
? Budapest has been ended .incondi
Mally. The newspapers are aspear
se; again. The paper learns that a
?Crag? reform Mil will be Introduced |,
S the Hoagariaa pai-llament next I
Amtterdam. Jun? 2J.?The Ger
mana, deeplte their ponderou? senn
of humor, have at laat evolved a war
slang, which 1? Just becoming
known through the prisoners la
Some of the German vernacular
term? follow:
A French Tt mm. ?hell la a "ket
tenhtmd" (watchdog) or a "Wind
hund-" (Greyhound.)
The French high velocity ?hells
are known aa "stlnkwlesel ' (?kunk)
whlU the low-velocity projectile 1?
a "Bllndachlelche" (?low-worm.)
Th* common heavy ?hell? of the
.?He? are known as "Sehweite |
Bieater" (black beasts).
Shells flying overhead have a
number of names. They are "hoch
bannen" (elevated railways), "luft
omnlbusse" (aerial omnibuses) or
"roil wag en" (pushcart).
Tbe flat, heavy trajectory British
gua la called "Langer Schorsch"
(Lanky Georg?), but the heavy Brit
ish shell which caused Frits ao
much havoc recently 1? a "Schwar
zer Teufel" (Black devil).
Machine guna are variously
named. The most common appel
lation? are "maehmaschine" (mow
ing machine) "hackflelechmaechina"
(meat-mincing machine) "kaffee
muehle" (coffee mill) and "stotter
tante" (stuttering auntie).
A machine gun company Is a
"mordgeeellenklub" (murder club).
Will Staid Troops to Join
Maximalists in
U. S. Has Not Decided.
Gaiety and Misery in
Zurich (via London), June 2*.
German newspapers state the Ber?
lin government Is prepsring for in
tervention in Russia. Additional
? troops will be sent to Russia, It Is
asserted, to co-operate with the
Maximalists government In th? ?f
! fort* to reitore order.
London, June 29.?Richard Corn
thwalte Lambert, member of par
liament from North Wilt?, ?ill ask
foreign Minister Balfour In Com
mon? Monday whether Kerensky Is
here by invitation of the British
government, and whether the ex
premier Is of military age. If so.
Mr. Lambert will Inquire whether
after the regulation medicei testa ?
Kerensky will cerne under the pro
a-Mata? of the Anglo-Russian mili* i
tary convention.
Can He -'..ame* Bart.?
Cttn Kerensky "come back?"
All official Washington is asking
this Question a? a result of the news
that the former dictator of r?volu- !
tlonary Russia Is coming to th?. I
United States.
There ia little doubt here that
Kerensky plans to ask President
Wilson for financial and economic
aid for Russia. This th? President
had already decided to extend be
fore Kerensky made his dramatic
re-entrance Into the world's history.
If the once great Russian asks mil
itary intervention. however, the
answer he will receive from the j
United States is not known.
In his speeches In London. Ke
rensky has not Indicated that he
will ask military intervention In
Russia. But he say?:
"The Russian people will shortly
join you in the fight for the great
cause of freedom."
Mii?t Have *? Army.
To rejoin the allies, Russia must
have an army, and it la believed
Kerensky plans to ?ak the United
States to help in organising it.
Whether President Wilson will even
receive Kerensky is a question.
His reception by the President might
complicate the already delicate Rus
alan problem with which the Presi
dent i? struggling.
England'? action In permitting Ker
ensky admittance to the country after
refusing It to the Dutch Socialist
Troelstra may. however, have some
effect on the President's decision.
Kerensky undoubtedly will appeal to
the Russian? and Russian-Americans
In this country for help, but there is
only one srnall group, headed by Boris
Bakhraetieff, which Is likely to ex
tend him any sympathy.
Gaiety aad Mlaery.
Paris. June 29.?Life in Russia is to
day a mad mixture ef gaiety and mis
ery, of extravagant pleasure? and of
starvation, according to a French citi
zen who has Just arrived In Pans
after a long stay in the Bolshevik re
According to thla keen Latin ob
server, ?those vivid deetTiption? of
Russian chaos have excited consider
able comment here, the Russians are
in thousands of cases hostile to con
tinued German Invasion only because
they fear that aa the Germans ad
vance they will force the working
people - back Into the shops and
At present the worker? are said
to be going on a wild debauch of
He Freaerty Bight*.
"In Petrograd," ?ays the French
traveler, "there are never less than
three masked balls a day.
"Confiscation of the lands la an
accomplished fact.
"Property light* exist no longer
except for tbe man who Is strong
enough to hold what he can seise.
"The collection of taxe? haa prac
tically ceaaed. Nobody bothers about
paying them, and the government
keep? going only by working 1U
printing ?bops overtime turning out
paper money.
'The government I? absolutely
without power to carry out Ita de?
rrees, and the order? iuued by th*
??-otxky clique are obeyed only wh?_
they conform to the passions of the
' _
Federal Trade Commission
Gives Startling Facts
on War Trade.
Stocks Watered to Me*t
Plans of Government
to Tax Profits.
Recommendation? for more effective
criminal statutes and a taxation pro
gram that will get the dollar? of the
profiteer? are contained In a seoaa
tlonal report on profiteering to tbe
Senate yeaterday by the Federal
Trade Commission.
"The Commission," It ?ay?, "ha?
reason to know that profiteering ex
ist?. Much of It la due to advantage?
taken of the necessities of the time*.
a? evidenced In the war presaure for
heavy production. Some of It Is at
tributed to Inordinate greed and bare
faced fraud."
In the latter category It listai tha
Chicago meat packer? and the flour
trade. The report show? that Armour,
Swift, Moni? and Cudahy earned an
average aggregate of tio.m.m in the
pre-war period of 1*12, It and ?
while In 1915, '16 and TT they pocketed
a total of nw.ooo.ino.
It alao ?how? how representative?
of the packer?, aware of the govern
ment'? Intention to limit profita on
subsidiary interests, took step* to re
appraise their propertle* and water
stocka In these Interests, In order that
their remuneration would remala at
exorbitant height*
Price* Keep (limbing.
The report deal? with profit? ef
steel, copper, rlnc, nickel. Sulphur,
lumber, coal petroleum aad it? allied
product? leather and ?-fanned goods, in
addition to the voluminous Informa
tion regarding meat? and flour. Ia
every tnatance price? have gone "up,
up, up," with the consumer footing
the bill, as usual.
In closing the report the commis
sion saya: "All of which Is In sup
port of the statement of the Presi
dent when in his addre?? to a joint
session of Congress ?a May IT,
lilt, he ?aid:
" The profiteering that cannot be
got at by the restraint? of con
science and love of country can be
got at by taxation. There ta auch
profiteering now, and the informa
tion with regard to it la available
and Indisputable.' "
One Ullmlnatlng feature of "pack
ers' precaution" Is shown In a let
ter written by Louis F. Swift to bla
brother, Edward F. Swift. Louis
Informed hi? brother that he had
learned th* government Intended to
eatend profit control to the leather
industry, and he suggested the ad
visability of reappraising their prop
erties in certain companiea. This is
th? reply of Kdward:
"I approva. It don? quietly and
High Flgares I? Steel.
The report alao take? a whack
at certain feature? of the govern
ment's price fixing policies. With
regard to steel, It says that while
the market was "prevented from
running away" by price fixing, still
the stronger factor? In the industry
were enriched by profita which are
without precedent.
In thla connection It show? that
the net Income <-" the United State?
Steel Corpo-- ,i In 1912 wa? $77,
075,217 while in 1917 It reached the
unheard-of figure of I478.204.24S.
The ?ame is true, the report says,
wth regard to the flour trade. For
the years 1913-14-15 and 'If, the
millers earned 12 per cent on their
investment as compared to 3s per
cent for the year ending June 30,
?The experience (price fixing)
with ?'.eel, flour and coal shows,
?ay? the report, "that a high stimu
lating fixed price, wbile stabilizing
??????G?? ON PACB rYJCB,
Publication of Note Declared to Be
Out of Order.
The government of M?xico wa? :
sharply criticised by tbe State De
partment yesterday for permitting
propaganda which attempt? to thow
inconsistencies in President Wilson'-,
recent address to the Melica ? editor?.
The purpose Is to counteract the ne
farious efforts of German agents who
apparently have had the connivance
of the Carransa authorities.
The correspondence authorized fo?
publication reveals that the Unit d
States I? closely scrutinizing every de
velopment south of the Rio Grande,
and is maintaining a rigid policy for
the protection of American rights.
A note delivered by Ambassador
Henry B. Fletcher to the Mexican
government on April 2, 1918, protect
ing agalnat the Carransa oil lands
tax, hitherto unpublished In tbe Unit
ed state?, is the Indirect subject ot the
present controversy. It? substance la
contained in the following paragraph:
"It become? the function of the gov
ernment of the United State most
earnestly and respectfully to call the
attention of the Mexican government
to the necessity which may arise to
Impel it to protect the property of its
citizens In Mexico divested or Injuri
ously affected by th? decreo above
The note wa? not given out here
at the time It was delivered to the
Carranza government because no
move wa? made to do so by the
recipient authorities. Now, how
ever, when it serves th? purpose of
German propagandists to distort
Pr?sident Wilson'? friendly address
to the viaitlng Mexican editor? tbe
document appear? to have been free
ly available to the Mexican press.
A stinging rebuke Is made by .the
State Department for thi* violation
of diplomatic procedure, as follows:
'The United State? government
would have appreciated being asked
For It? consent to the publication of
this note Inasmuch as this proced
ure Is usually followed In diplo
matic dealing? between friendly na
tion?. Such consent would, of
?ourse, have been readily given If
the Mexican government had Inti
mated that It believed the note
ihouHl hav? beta publi?t??*,??
lidL?? "l
?tt??|.? ?,,?
j Possible Propaganda Dur
ing Election Disorder
Prompted Policing.
Fear on the part of the United States
Government that secret agents of Ger
many might take advantage of election
disorders In Panama,?? was learned
last night, wa? in large measure re
sponsible for the action of this Gov
ernment in sending American troops
to police the cities of Panama and
Indications In officiai ?yi.irters last
night were that President Wilson
would not yield to the protest of Pres
ident Urriola against the action taken.
Attention was tallied to the fact that
under the provisions of the treaty of
ISM the United States was authorised
to assume police duty of this sort
whenever it should become necessary
to preserve order.
Take If o ( liane-e?.
Officials explained that there was no
suspicions that either of the contend
ing political parties In Panama was
pro-German, but owing to the Impor
tance of keeping the canal open as a
war measure and the fact that Ger
mans are Incessantly active in Latin
America, It was deemed advisable to
take no chances.
Previously, during the former ad
ministration In Panama, vice condi
tions were so bad in Panama and
Colon, that the American War De
partment issued orders forbidding
American soldiers from entering the
two cities. Civilian employe? In the
canal cone followed thl? with a boy
cott, as a result of which Presi
dent Urriola, on assumine; office,
promised to clean up the cities. At
the same time he undertook to post
pone the elections set for today and
July 7. fearing aerlous disorders
might result.
Advised Election? Proceed.
When the opposition party pro
tested against the postponement, the
American government advised that
the elections proceed ss originally
scheduled. When Urriola still de
murred, and when reports began
reaching the State Department that
serious trouble was treatened, the
orders were Issued yesterday send
ing the troops to police the cities.
They will remain, it was stated last
night, until tha elections are over
with and order restored.
Berlin Populace Depressed, Say?
Socialist in Reichstag.
Amsterdam, Jane I?.?Herr Wurm,
a Socialist deputy in the Reichstag,
Is quoted by Berlin advices aa har
ina; ?aid during a debate that the
action of the Berlin town council
in reducing the potato ration three
pounds per capita had had a de
pressing effect apon the population.
He added that a catastrophe seem
ed inevitable If peace waa loafer
f?-* ?
1 . .?>. June 29.?Predicting ulti
rtl ite victory by the allies and laud
ing woman'? part in th? war as the
brightest chapter In the history of
the conflict. King George today wel
come? 3,000 members of English
women's army at a celebration of
his ?Urei- wedding.
"The great ?acriflce? the women
have made upon the battle field?,
among the wounded and dying, la
the munition? production and other
vital Industrie* will with God's
help not have been made In vain."
?aid the King.
"The Queen and I." ?aid King
George, "are deeply appreciative of
the great part the women have tak
en In all branches of the war ?erv
lee. ?\"? are filled with admira
tion of their splendid achievements
and this admiration Is shared by
the whole nation."
The Queen Is the active head
of the women's service and Princes?
Mary Is commandant of a company
of 'Vads*.
The King wore a military uni
form, the Queen a pale blue gown
and Princess Mary was becoming
ly dressed in a navy blue uniform
and military hat.
The "Vads,** as the members of
the women's army are popularly
called, presented an Inspiring sight
as they were lined up in the gar
den of Buckingham Palace, the lines
straight as so many row? of corn.
Headed By a band playing "Over
There," the thousand? of women war
worker? marched past the royal
couple. Mrs. F. H. Durham, chief
inspector of the women's army said
in an address:
"It is the ardent wish of the
women to devote their mind? and
bodies to tbe service of the King,
united in their effort? againat the
enemy and resolved not to relax un
til the conclusion of an honorable
peace, which It is the women's dear
est hope, may come before another
After replying the King ?hook
hands with the various heads of the
women's army while the band play
ed "God Save the King."
$50,000 for Fint Succestful Trip
Proposed in Congress.
A prize of 150.000 to be award
ed by the government of the United
States to the aviator or aviatrlx
who Is first to fly across the At
lantic to England Is proposed in a
Joint resolution introduced In the
House yesterday by Representative
Lunn, of New Tork.
The successful trip of an air
plane from the United States to
England would be a body blow to
the Kaiser," Mr. Lunn ?aid. The
first flight would be followed by
other? until trans-Atlantic air pas
sage would be continuous. It would
be a source of great encouragement
to the flyers at the front, and In
addition, would stimulate our own
people aa to the assurance of aerial
Hunt Obj?ct to Sbeut.
Amsterdam, June 29.?The German
papar? are squealing about th? um
by th? ?-111?? of incendiary ?hellt.
"There la nothing more horrible then
these shells, which cause burning
wounds and suffocate," lays the North
German Gazette. "The German? have
nomos to wnipar? with tteio,'?
Non-Signature by President
Encourages Them?-To
Organize 80,000.
President Wilson's delaj In signing
the appropriations bill whtcli carries
the Borland amend-ccnt. and ?he
openly expressed condemnation cf it
by heads of the departments, have en
couraged the Federal employe? In
their hope of s speedy ending of the
It is thought that perhaps President
V? ?laon is waltin?? for the return of
Secretary Wilson, of the Labor ?de
partment. Secr?t.**.ry Wilson hc*adod
tue Presidential Strike Labor Board,
and has established tlie fc-hour day in
districts where it was never heard of
Postmaster General Burleson yester
day issued a bulletin saying he want
ed all hia clerks ta understand ilu.t ne
was opposed to the Borland amend
ment. This statement was hailed with
rejoicing, because his position hereto
fore on the matter bad been doubtiul.
A great mass meeting will be held
today at Masonic Temple, l?'ew York
avenue and Thirteenth street north
west, at 3 p. m. Miss Jeannette Itan
kln will be one of the speakers. The
question will be discussed from all
On Monday. If Congre?? does not
adjourn, a great mass parlili?; of
10.000 Federal employes will mtet ?. on
gress st -1:30 p. m., to request la per
cent additional pay for the aduitional
hour and to give time ard a half pay
for all work overtime.
To Oi-s-anlae M/taM.
The Federal employes. If the mat
ter la not settled now, intend to or
ganize thoroughly during the sum
mer, until their union comprises
practically all the 80,00? government
employes In Washington. Then
they will keep the bill before Con
gress nntll It looks at the matter
as It does the other industries of
the United States.
The clerks want it to be under
stood that they do not object and
never have . objected to overtime
work In w?r time. They work even
ings and Sundays overtime without
In fact, most of them would be
benefited if eight hours were the
limit of time which they could
work. The Injustice of the bill
comes In that it makes the eight
hours a minimum and practically
saya to employes, "Ton must work
as long as your superior says you
must without extra pay.
All officials concede that the bill
is not In line with world-wide liberal
ity of thought toward all workers;
that It is likely to curtail the spirit
of effort and human efficiency, that
It will bring about resignations by
tbe score from government service,
and will prevent a large number of
people coming to Washington to
World Nine-Tenthi at War.
Of the 1,???.????<?*? people who popu
late ths earth oar/ mooo.OOO-le?? than
one-tenth?are at peace, stattaba?
show. The Teutonic allies have M0,
000.000 peopl? and the entente nation?
?as. ? ? ? . ? ( - - _ a*.
Prince Sixte Detcribet Americani
with French for "Hot Stuff."
Paria. June ? -KIni Albert, of the
Helgtan?, In an audience Just granted !
Father W. A. Hemmlck. of the ?
American Red Croas, expressed his
highest ad ml ration for President Wil
ton, for America's effort in the war
and for the type and quality of the
American soldier?. Th? monarch ?aid
h? waa delighted -with the work of
th? Sed Croe? In the TkatrUn hoe
pital?. He la tending hi* regard? to
Cardinal Gibbon? through Father
Hemmlck. The latter alao waa re
ceived by Baron Baroqu?vl?Vi? and
Prince Sixte, the latter telling him
la French slang:
"nere is only one word that de
scribes your American??they ara hot
Certainty Declared by Cath
olic Party Organ in
Agreement Between Kaiser
and Foreign Minister
Now Inferred.
Amsterdam, June 9.?The Dueswel
dorfer Nachrichten quote? Germani *..
the Catholic party orean and mouth
piece of Chancellor toh Hertlirur, aa
?arine that it la now certain Dr. von
Kuehlmann win retain hi? poet aa
forei?m minister.
The Junker?, the paper says, Jil
not succeed In their effort? to fo*.*o
Kuehlman'e retirement. Instead a
new coalition has now been formed
between the Kaiser and Kueb-rman,
the latter now beine ^coai??ttaa<"i'"'1 to
work fbr peace according -te? tbe Ber
lin Journal.
Bp-e-rct.ee Caatradleteir.
Th* German foreign minister made
two speeches in the Reichstag last
week, statins; in one that a ?militar ?
dectslon over the enemies of Germany
was an Impossibility, and calling* for
peace by negotiation; the other lame
ly devoted to retractfns; the position
here taken, and "explalnine" that he
did not mean that Germany would
not be victorious on the battlefield.
His first speech caused such a storm
of violent denunciation from the pan
Germans and the Junkers that his
official heed, it wa? believed, would
ba sacrif.c-M. and that he would be
retired to private life.
Dispatches from Amsterdam yes
terday indicated thst he had? been
used as a catspaw by the military
clique, to break the news to the
German people that the pre.**ent -of
fensive would not bnn?; the end
of the war this summer, snd to
draw off the fire of the Liberals
snd the Conservetives freni the
Militarists, snd upon his own shoul
ders. This aim probably has been
accomplished for the bitter speech
made by Herr Hanse, the Socialist
deputy, following* Von Kuehlmann.
in the Re ich sta*r, indicated that
masses of the people already were
aware that the promises msde by
LudendorlT snd Hindenburg* last
sprint?, when the offensive wss In
itiated, were now impossible of ."ac
Was Masked Aa*eatf
The report that Kuehlmann was
acting* as a masked ag*ent of the
Kaiser in sounding- peace tentatives
with the allies may be the first sien
of a genuine proffer of the olive
branch from the German militar)'
ring, whose proprem has been en
tirely upset by the Austrian debacle
In Italy.
Bulgaria and Turkey Under High
Command, Sayi German Paper. I
Germany and Austri? and their j
alile?, Bulgaria and Turkey, have
taken a leaf from the strategy book
of Gen. Foch.
The entry of Bulgaria and Turkey
Into the alliance recently concluded .
between Germany and Austria, by
virtue of which the military force?
of the dual empire ?re practically
put under German command, 1? an
nounced In a dispatch received from
Geneva by officiala of the Serbl?n
Press Bureau of Washington. The
Deutsche Tageszf-itung. of Berlin,
make? the announcement, accord
ing to the dispatch.
"Count Burlan." say? the German
newspaper, "had a long conver?*
tion first in Sofia with Dr. Badala
voff, former Bulgarian premier, and
then at Constantlople with the
Turkish statesmen. According to
the Information the Auetro-German
military unity must be extended by
the entry of-"Bulgaria and Turkey
Into this alXsnce.
"According to a declaration made
by an Austrian general the new mil
itary convention between Austro
Germany and tbe Bulgaro-Turk? I?
contained In alx article?, 'the third
ot which provide? the joint organ
isation and uniformity of the armies
and the right of the ?uprem? allied
council to transfer troops from in?
army to another, while maintaining
the national traditions and par
ticularities of' each army. Clause
six provide? that all military prep
arations shall be undertaken aa a
result et Intimate consultation and
clo?e aad listing co-operation be
tween the general ?t?ff? aa*l the
war minuter?, and that office* -.re
ated in time of war ?hell be
IUa-??l ?? um? ot
Ambulance Corps Welcom
ed by Untfcr-secre
??ry of State.
Enthusiastic Crowds Cheer
in Streets and Scatter
Vents Wrath fer Victory on Piar?,
but Latin Soldiers Execute
Counter Blow.
Lonclon, June 29.?A ?de
tachm-yit of the American .Am
bulance Corpt has arrived m
Italy, according to the Exchange
Telegraph's Rome correspond
ent. The Americans ?vere we?
conied by Undersecretary ot
State Gallenga, as well as rep
resentatives of the allied armies
and the civil authorities. As
the newcomers inarched to the
barracks they were enthusia?
tically cheered by crowds in
the streets and showered with
flowers. The Star Spangled
Banner was played as the
Americans detrained. Under
secretary Gallenga made an
elofj^ient speech of welc-orae in
Arrival of the vanguard of
America's Expeditionary J-or?-*e to
Italy, ai announced by Chief of
Staff, Gen. March, veneri??-, ?r.? .
the outstanding military e*. ent of
the last tweity ?our hours from
the Ameritan standpoint. Th;-.
vanguard consists mainly of san
itary units and special organiza
tions. Actual fiphtinp troops arc
reported on the way to Italy from
Both on the Italian theater snd
in the West tiphting activity a as
confined to local attacks and raid
ing operaions and gun dueli.
Thursday night the Germans made
two furious? attempts to retake
from the French the position? lost
to the Poilus soundest of Sols
sons. Heavy los-.es to'the attack
ers constituted the only result of
these actions.
Germen. AemrT V? Ufa Italia*?.
To the south*, ?st of Rheiros the
(nrmane tried to take out of n.??
Itali.?n?, fi?htinc in that sector aroiaod
Blipny. th?*lr B|>ite for Austria? A
nominious afflure on the Piave. After
short hut terrific artillar?.? hsnunertnjr
the Crown Prince's troops launched
some powerful thrusts ecalnst the
Roman linas on the Bliany heights
Their Aral onrush c?rrl?***t them to a
?*ert?in depth into the Italian posi
tion hut the Latin soldirre rallie?!
promrtly and threw the Invidiare
bn. k in s well-executed c*ounter
The OTtiun war ofBee wa? " h Iterad
to admit today that tha British In
Flandr-r? j-e?terday atic-c-e-eded In pene
traifng? the Bavarian crown nriocaVe
line?. Hals/'s tTc-op? ?pant the de?*
consolidating their ?rain?, which
nett??d them I??? prisoner?.
A Vienna official report received
last nicht ?poke of renewed at
tempt, by Italian patrol, to eroaa
the Piaive. Artillery homltardments
continue Intense alone the whole
Italian front.
MannKe-m Fp.ctory
Bombed by British.
London. June ?? ?Th? famous
Bedische fsc-tory at Mannheim. ?Ger
many, we? bombed by Brltieh flyers
early today with good ?uece??. the
British admiralty announce?. <j?tr
main machine? ascended to ?care the
British raiders off, but the latter
successfully eng-aered them, brina
ine: down three of the German ma
chines, the British aufteiina* BO
23 Hostile A!, craft
Fall to British.
London. June ?*??Seventeen Ger
man airplanes wer? shot down and
six were driven out of control by
the British yesterday, the admiralty
announced tonleht. Three British
machines were lost. Twenty-two
tnns of bombs were dropped by
British flyer? dorine: the daytime oa
various Herman targets, while at
nicht 1?H tons of bombs were
dropped with effective results
Germans Claim Repulse
Of Three Arndts.
Berlin, via L?i?Jaj*eii. June ? ?The
repulsa of three Knrllsh ??Mult? near
tbe team of Herri? In Flanders *?
reported In today'? wer olile? state
ment, which admit?, however, that
Haire tre?ope penettated the ?U'Ure
of Vieux Berquin. though addine
I that a counter-atu?* elected the
British. Tbe French were raptalaad
at Ambleny but admltUttly -
?-round ??1er Cvtry. Nine?
tent? alrplaBee were ahot
, the ?3.rrraaa? yesterday, taa

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