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A MORNING NEWSPAPER TO LEARN 1?? LATEST WAR DEVELOPMENTS I ERALD SECURE YOUR HELP FROM THE HERALD WANT AO COLUMNS. PHONE MAIN 3300. NO. 4268. WEATHER-F?UR: WARMER. WASHINGTON. D. C. WEDNESDAY, -JULY 3, 1918. -?-? ONE CENT SJ-?lIrS?Si 1,019,115 U. S. SOLDIERS IN FRANCE _ HUM Mffii ? ? ? ? ? I I 111 I inmiMIUKlIRWaHB ?tMlltMllilMfiittttlllMtllllffHIllWllllSHINMIMMMN - - - inumi ' ti' ?titwiittiittit''i,,*w't'ii? lilMfiittmHIWtHlltHlllilllllllltl '* ' ??'*?????????(???????>>??? 276,372 CARRIED OVERSEAS IN JUNE l Bini ?i:?n?ll??IBi????>l?"?"?~"B,t?"B"? Ii?'*?? ??BBMMnlllllimillUKIIUMBIIIIIW I ?um?... I a-. |?'.??????".p.?.??????? ?????>4?<|- ???.????1?>4'?*?1 I eenett YANKSTAKETOWN.HILL, 2 WOODS,500 HUNS ?American Troops on Marne Win Place of Honor in New Advance Made ?? ATTACK AIMED AT HILL 240 Bitter Fighting Still in Progress After Cap ture of Ground Half Mile Deep on Two Mile Fron Amerkan troops on the Mame won the honor place m the : war newt of die last thirty-six hours by a smashing assault on the crown prince's left which won for them one village, an im portant hill, and two woods, with the neat bag of 450 prisoners ?preliminary count; more were still coming in. Altogether die action, which was carried out in conjunction with French troops, was one of the most dashing and most successful affairs to their credit since they took up "the watch on the Marne." It placed them in possession of some hotly contested, strate gically extremely important high ground which dominates not onl H*f-t-**iwi Thierry, the pivot of the German left, but a vast stretch of the surrounding countryside over which the German l?gions must pass when next they try for Paris from the east BATTLE AT HILL 240. A late dopate)? from the Universal Service staff correspondent with the American army at the Marne shows that bitter fighting is still in prcMT-^as. The battle centers on HS 240. At tut account* the advance of die Franco-American troops in this smash wa* given by front correspondents at half a mile in depth on a Kb? of two mile*. Tbe Germans were again caught napping. The Omtemptabres"* from America, despite the repeated demonstrations to : A? contrary, were not counted upon to undertake any serious thrusts . during this pause between the big battles. Thoroughly stunned, the ! Teuton? had all they could od to get out of their positions, and in I doing it. their ranks were cut to pieces. ASSAULT HERALDED. The remarkable point about the surprise element was that the Franco-American guns had openly heralded the MSeaalt, not by occa sional bursts or a short but intense bombardment, but by a systematic drumming that lasted fully twelve hours. Manifestly the Germans thought it was a "Yankee bluff," as their newspapers are wont to put mt- They paid dearly for their error in psychology. f?MB ?? Itali?? Kroat. ? Meanwhtl? on the Italian moun tain front, a new hammer blow, local bat crushing, waa dealt th? Austrian? by Oen. Dia?'? Ballant atan. Thi* tlm* the front northwest at ??Saw Mountain" waa ?elected for a vigotroue assault which netted the attackers CM prisoner*. At the aam* tlm? th? British in minor en terprise? Inflicted great punishment en th? Auetrlan? ?outh of the Asiaco, and Austrian counter at tack? on the Platean ware turned In to a onc-*id*d ?laughter, the Hapa burg troop? streaming back to their point? of departure, their ranks dec imated. Here, 127 priioner? were taken. 80 much for the major fighting operation?. Apart from them the outstanding military event? of the day waa the appointment of Otto von Below, on? of the most success ful of th* German generals, a? su preme comamnder of the Teuton forcea In Italy. H ?ase ( leaalna 1 ?drrtake?. A thorough houseelraning has been undertaken, a Vienna dispatch shows, and Ludendorff ha? at last forced through hi* will on the long and hitter controversy revolving around tbe "front of disappoint ments.'' Faced by a victory intoxi cated Italian army her "glorious drive** turned Into dismal failure. Austria has been compelled at last to pay the price?the only price that Ludendorff and Company could ?ee In return for tbe ?only needed German help. Th* contingency outlined In these eoluma not long ago of Germany be ing forced to revue her program in th* weit, thin her fronts there. In order to rush aid to her Hapsburg ally, appear* atrongly capable of r?alisation. But the news from "Vienna ?hows that with the ?id goes a terrific punishment for Austria. complet* military aubordlnatlon to the Hohensollern ?rmy chief*. The retirement of Conrad von Hoetiendorff and Art von Strausen trarg rneana the Ignominious ?helv ing of two military idol? for that both hav? been for all Austria-Hun gary: upon these two men?and Boroevlc?th* dual monarchy's peo ple pinned their last hope* In all th* many cri??? ?Ine? the outbreak ef th? war. Boroevlc ?eems ?till *?f? In command of tha Piava army. ?taw t? People. The two others hav* been replaced by generala who. it la true, are Aus trian?, but who ar? devoted disciple? af the German military school. Koevea* lai on? of th* ?rmle? In the Invasion of Serbia. He is used to team work with German generals. I Bow th* ?ppointment of a German ( general??ven though he be th? one Who lad tbe central array In tb? "break through" battle on the Isonzo 'tjaat fall?will affect Au?tro-Hungart tn moral? ?eem? now the queatlon of tuestion?. On tha Britith front ?erial fighting ta? b**n fartoua and contini down In twenty-four hours, two others were forced to land behind the British lines, and three balloons were destroyed. The British lost only eight machine?. This constant battling be tween the aerial fleets Is part of the preparation for the next great bat Ue which all experts believe will come on Haig's front. COPPER 26 CENTS NOW. War Industries Board Fixes Pri?*. Effective At Once. A* new price for copper was fixed last nicht at twenty-six cents a pound, an Increase of two and a half cents, by the War Industries Board, subject to the approval of tbe Presi dent The new price went Into effect yes terday, will continue till August 15. and Is an increase of virtually one hundred per cent in three years, the price in 1915 being around fourteen cents. Additional labor and transpor tation costs have boosted the costs In the copper industry. R. F. HILL SUICIDES IN ST. ELIZ/\BETH'S Assistant Naval Surgeon, Depressed Mentally, Hangs Himself. Richard F. Hill, a white patient In St. Elisabeth'.?? Hospital, was found hanging by the neck with a towel from a bedpost in a ward about 6:30 yeste-rday morning, and was pro nounced dead by Doctor James C. Hassel!. The coroner was notlfl<!d, but said that an Inquest was un necessary, as it was a clear case of suicide. Hill was an assistant surgeon in the United States Navy, and was committed to the asylum from the Washington Hospital. May 23. Offl cials of St Elizabeth's ?ay he was In a very depressed condition when he came there. He has a wife and two children residing In Philadelphia, who were notified of his death. Arrangements have been made for sending the body to Philadelphia today for interment there. Midget Museum Nets $20 for Red Cross The War Service Fund of the Dis Irict Red Cross Is ?20 richer today is a result of the contribution of the ?Midget Red Croes Museum." held at 2MB Rhode Island avenue north fast Friday night. Mis, Mary Catherine Bull and Miss Margaret Hilton, aaaisted by Edwin Spiee, Elisabeth Cooper and several >ther children. Invited their friends ?o the "museum," to which an ad nlssion fee waa charged. Dolls and candy ware ?old and lowers were auctioned off by youth ful aactioneera. ?. musical procr?as -aa -* INFORMATION FOR THE ENEMY Sou die President yesterday, issuing the statement of 1,019,115 United States troops in France: "I have today received die following letter from the Secretary of War which seems to me to contain ?af rm tion which will be so satisfactory to the country that its publication will be welcomed and w" ??-.ve additi.*?-' to our ational celebration of the Fourth of July. SECRET.ARY BAKER'S LETTER. Ju.y ?, ??918. "My Dear Mr. President: "More than one million American soldiers have sailed from the ports in this country to participate in the war ir France. In reporting this fact to you. I feel that you will be interested in a few data showing the progress of our overseas military effort "The first ship carrying military personnel sailed May 8, 1917, having on board Base Hospital No. 4 and members of the Reserve Nurses* Corps. "Gen. Pershing and his staff sailed on May 30, 1917. The embarkations in the months of May, 1917, to and in cluding June, 1918. are as follows: 1917. May. 1.71? Jene. 12,261 Jdy. 12,98a Annt. 18,323 September. 32,523 October. 38,259 November. 23,616 December. 48,840 1918. ha:vy. 46,77?; February. 48,627 March. 83,811 April. 117,212 May. 244,345 June. 276,372 Marines. 14,644 Aggregating. 1,919,115 "The total number of troops returned from abroad, lost at sea and casualties is 8,165, and of these, by reason of the superbly efficient protection which die navy has given our transport system, only 291 have been lost at sea. "The supplies and equipment in France for all troops sent is, by our latest report, adequate, and the output of our war industries in this country is showing ma ??tal improvement in pr?K_c?lly all lin*", ci n-*x<*ssary equipment -and supply. "Respectfully yours, "NEWTON D. BAKER." "To which I replied PRESIDENTS REPLY. " 'My Dear Mr. Secretary: July 2. 1918. ' 'Your letter of July 1 contains a very significant piece of news and an equally significan i report of the forwarding of troops during the past year to the other side of the water. It is a record which I think must cause universal satisfaction, because die heart of die country is unquestionably in this war and the people of the United States rejoice to see their force put faster and faster into the great struggle which is destined to redeem the world. 'Cordially and sincerely yours, " 'W00DR0W WILSON.* " HOSPITAL SHIP SINKING MAKES NATIONS ANGRY Allies May Demand Wheth er Germans Violate Red Cross on Principle. London, July 2.?No additional sur vivor? of the Llandovery Castle, the hospital ship sunk without warning by a German submarine Thursday night, have been found, despite a ?trenuou? search by two group? of Britlah naval craft, the admiralty an nounced tonight Only one empty boat wa? found. ?.atIon. flnrsged. Enraged over the wanton ?inking of the British hospital ?hip, the Llan dovery Castle, the United States and tb* allied governments may present to Germany a united demand a* to whether It Is her established policy to violate the Red Cross on tea a* well as on land Pending a decision as to the course to be pursued, lt is probable that the United States naval hospital transport Comfort, due to leave this country ? soon unarmed, without convoy and with civilian crew, will be held at her dock. "Thla latest outrage against hu manity.'* declared Secretary Daniela yesterday afternoon, "has given thl? government pause." Under the rule* of civilised war fare a* laid down In the Hague con ventlon. hospital ships, if properly marked with the Insignia of the Red Cro?? and conforming with other rules, are to be considered Inviolate. Under guarantee of their govern ment? that they carry no armed forces, and no guns or armament, and that no convoy accompanies them, they are to be allowed, accord ing to the Hague convention, to ?ail unmolested through all danger zones. It being provided further that In advance of their ?ailing, whether carrying wounded or empty they ahould give notice to the enemy of their date of departure and the route to be taken. May ?-hange Policy. It had been the Intention of the United State* to follow these provi sions to the letter with -regard to the Bailing of the Comfort, and only th* difficulty of getting a civilian crew with temerity to truat the Ger man word, baa delayed tba ??Hing. ?? ?a?? Twa SHIPBUILDING MAKES RECORD June Launchings Biggest Let?Splash of 100 Tomorrow. The Mg ?pash of Jujr 4, when ap proximate-/- one hundred American ships wl be aunched in ceebration of the day, woud have been a much arger spash it many of the ahlpbuld lng concerns had been permitted to hod back their ehlps tor the ceebra tion. Instead Director Oeneral Schwab urged the shipbuilder.? to nuke all possible apeed with their products and the ships to be launched July 4 are those which could hardly have been made ready for the water ?lay sooner. The June production of shipping In the United States sets a new record for this country and probably for the world. The British yards have been speeding up and expanding their fac ilities in meeting the demand for ships, and are putting through what in pre-war times would have been a remarkable program. BrUl.h at Apex. They are at the apex of their pro duction while the United States ship-1 yards are only beginning to come Into operation, and If the tonnage pro duced In the United States for June exceeds that of the British yarda for the same month. It marks the begin ning of the leadership of the United States in ship production?? leader ship that will never be rellntjuished tu long aa the nation end?rea. There were completed and deliv ered to the Shipping Board In June steel and wood ?hips totalling 280. 400 deadweight tona. Of thla oat put the steel ships total 362.900 tons, the wood ships, 17,COO tons. These figures not only establish a new record of production for the Ui.ltel States but come within aproxlmate ly 15.000 deadweight tona of the world's record for any month. This record was made by the British yards In Hay. JKB? Production Beet Yet. In the American records of pro duction only seagoing tonnage la listed, while the British totals com prise all production. The American figures relate ?olely to the output for th? Shipping Board. The British count the small craft, or veasels built for private Interesta. On the same basis of computation the American production for June un doubtedly will exceed the produc otTiMB-on \ BOY SCOUTS ORGANIZATION HIGHLYMUDED Training a Splendid One, Declare Campaign Speakers. The boy of today is in greater peril than the adult," ?aid William Knowle? Cooper, general secretary of the Y. M. C. ?.. at a meeting of the workers In the Boy Scout campaign herd at the Lafayette Ho tel last night. "Th? experience of every nation ha? shown that Ju venile crime increase? during wars. In England juvenile delinquency ha* Increased .10 per cent since 1914. "Today Washington city I?' the center of all eyes?it 1? the center of opportunity to demonstrate every phaae of life. It la the duty of the people of the city to support the Boy Scout movement to the best of their ability. It Is a proved move ment It has made good and de serves the few dollars needed to se cure it expert leadership. ?Beat Training Passible." "It 1? the duty of every men to put the idealism, th? self control he has learned through year? of experience irto the live? of these young boy?, the men of tomorrow, and the best way today Is through the training the boy receive* In the Boy Scouts." Ma], Raymond Pullman, superin tendent of police, urged that the movement be supported by the busi ness men of the town as a common ?enee measure. "Wa use the Boy Scouts in every public celebration to assist tbe police In maintaining public order," he stated, "and the boy? make good." Scoutmaster Harris ?aid the Boy Scouts of the city necde'd the 140,000 they are trying to raise if the organi sation is to be carried on properly In the city. Chairmen of the various team* re ported a collection of 139,701 latt night Addresses urging the necessity of ralaing the remaining "?10.299 were made by various members of the cam paign committee. Including Isaac Gans, who urged that the campaign be continued until the money waa col lected; J. T. Lloyd, captain of one of the team?; W. E. Wagner, scoutmas ter, and Henry B. F- McFarlated. It wa? decided to continue the cam paign until next Tuesday evening, when a dinner will be given at the Lafayatta Hot*l to receive the reports af tb* vario?* taama. -?? 3 OF CABINET FOR UNLIMITED JIRE CONTROL Baker, Daniels and Burle son Give House Com mittee Their Views. The laeue of permanent govern ment ownership of the telegraph and telephone Unes of the country was injected sharply yesterday Into the discussion by Congress of the Pres ident's request for authority to take possession of the systems. It over shadowed all other considerations in the controversy as to whether or not the President's wishes shall be quickly compiled with or whether Congress shall give up Its plans for a recess and stay here to fight It out all summer. Three members of the President's Cabinet?Secretary Baker. Secretary Daniels and Postmaster General Burleson?told the House Commit tee oh Interstate ?Commerce, which is considering the Aswell resolu tion, that control of the systems by government should be permanent. Immediate selsure of the lines was urged as a war necessity, but per manent operation of them waa as strongly recommended as a public policy. Con. m It <e* Oppeeea. A majority of the membera of the committee opposes this form of un limited tenure. They will Insist upon having the resolution amended so that the Unes shall be returned to their present owners within alx months after the ending of the war. The resolution probably will be re ported to the Houae In this form Similar action is looked for in tbe Senate, where members of the Inter state Commerce Committee are In sisting that a limitation on the pe riod of control by the government be fixed. Overnight consideration by mem bers of Congress of the Aswell reso lution has brought to the front a number of other objections to tbe resolution: 1. The question aa to whether or not government control ?rill bring about cheaper rates for telephone aad telegraph service. Postmaster General Burleson told the commit tee that be believed the Improve ment In operation and reduction of < overhead charges aure to follow un More Th-an a Million Yanb Are Now in Pershing's Army In France 25 DIVISIONS COMPRISE FORCES 1,550,000 To Be Here by Winter, Far Ex ceeding Department's Scheduled Sailings. ^ - More than 1,000,000 ?American toldiere havc*foDe to Franc& The exact number?1,019.115?was chsckrsed in corre spondence between President Wilson and Secretary of War Baker, dated Sunday ?id made public yesterday. Of this number approximately 700,000 are fighting troop?. Shortly before the announcement was made the House Ap propriation Committee made public testimony before that body in connection with the army budget In it Gen. R L Wood. acting Quartermaster General of the army, disclosed the fact that by January I the United States will have in uniform aa army of 4,000,000 men. ?ANSWER TO SUBMARINE RAD). To me," said Secretary Baker, discussing his rr??ort later with the newspaper co-rrespot>dentt, "a significant feature of th? report it this: That the German submarine menace made its appearance on thit tide of die Atlantic early in June. Our answer to that challenge wat to send more troop? to France during that month than in any other.". The 1,010,115 represent approximately twenty-five divisions on the basis of between 40,000 and 45,000 men fighter? and ancillary units to a division. And of thit number nearly 200.000 have received tat months training or more back of the lines in France or on the htghtuta** fiont, PRESIDENT TOOK CHARGE. When the United Sutes entered the war, and before the Praai dent took the decision into his own hands as to the overseas move ment, the General Staff of the Army assured him it would ba a miracle of achievement if ai many as 200.000 troops were placed ia France during the first year of the war. ?. S. MARINES IN KOLA-REPORT Soviet ?Said to Have Declar ed State of War in Archange^ -_ Official and diplomatie Wuhington Is watching cloeely development? in the icebound regione of Northern Russia, -where the Arctic Ocean and tbe White Sea carve out the great peninsula of Kola. Press dispatches from Moscow, de claring that the Soviet government has declared the Province ot Arch angel in a state of war, are baffling. English and French marines are re ported to have been landed for local protection, and that Ornili armies are ?jberating near there with their Finnin allie?. DesptW these conditions there I? no reason A> believe that the I'i**sideni has chanted hi? attitude on the Rus sian situation. He Is opposed to mili tar??* Intervention, but Inclined to a practical plan of economic assistance which would involve rib further mil itary co-operation than a guard for the economic representatives. Repart G. S. Mariera Laadee. Reports persist that American ma rines have been landed at Kolk with the English and French, but there is no official confirmation. Fer Lea-el Protetetteav. Should they have been landed. It would have been only for limited local protection, but the Vladivostok episode, when English and Japanese troops were landed for local protection but American marines remained on the cruisers, is cited ss an indication that U. ?. marinea have probably not been ? landed at Kola. From Fraaer comes word that the Socialists are lining up against the Soviets. The movement Is probably the recult of the presence In Pari? of Kerensky. M. Girard, ? former French Am bassador to Japan, and a leading French authority on Asia, see? in armed Intervention in Russia a] turning of the German Influence In Asia and Asia's aMgnment with the alli?e. He declares that all that is nor mal In Russia I? demanding Inter vention, and concludes: "If the call by Ruaala Is heard, as all the allies are ?greed In wish ing and understanding It. tbe help ot Asia Is assured her. Germany will see a barrier rising up egainst her In the Orient that she thought she had forever destroyed end over thrown. It woula no longer be on a single front that she would have to fight. From Aala a? well aa Eu rope the wall? of priaoa would cloee la A? ker." _ ? AMurruitf that between n??? and November 1 the War rvepartmrnt tt? not non monthly more than tbe av erage transport??! monthly ?in??- Jana ary i, the-re would be in Franc? my the time ?? inter ?et? In more ? baa U*MM 8?KT.t?r>? Baker? pramlae to tbe Senate Military Affair? Commltta* last it-inter ?bea the ln\e?tig?tton of th? government's conduct of tbe ?rar wa? in progrese ?a? rWt there would be ???*??0*? men In ?F-rance early in IMI ?cd l..?aj.t?'0 available and ready to be moved to Fran?-e during the year 1*1?. The program then laid down by tIte War Depa-runent ha? been ?o ic celerated under the driving Impulse of Preoialent Wilson that it ?? no?, ?r. cording to secretary Bakt-r, ?>? month? ahead of ??-hedul.. A? originally planned thi? ?cceletat ed program was not to extend beyond the month of July. Whether or not it ?? to be ?-oniinued beyond thi? period la In proci-?? of di*cu??ion ?-ith th* ?Hied go\ ?-minent?, ?-ith chance? fa Toring a eontinaution of the ?p??ed-up procee?. -a-bal Ge?, marni KM. The testimony of Gen. Wood before th? Appropri? tion? Commit tee showed that l..v?i.i?m ?ill be ?sailed Into *ervtc* In the six month? from July 1 te IV cmber *K> of this year. The average number of riven in the training ramp? during the past year ha* been l.COO.onn. and during the nasi ?eve? or eight month? It ha? run consider ar?!?, over that number. In explaining the reasons for Urge purchase?? of blanket? and other equipment. Gen. Wood told the committee that there ?re now hi service Z..*??\nrtO men an^ that by tb? first day of January 4.or?*'.???. Trien will be in uniform. Continuing, he ?aid 'On the ?th ef February the Gen eral Staff gave Gen. Goetbal? tb? military program which ?a? ?up to go until June SO. mit That callad for 1M.W0 men per month to be callad during 1?18? that ia, lW.OtO men it March. lW.cim men In April. l*A.m? men In May, ???.??? men tn June, etc After thl? drive began, with lea? than thirty day?' notice tbe call for April waa Increased to cover 300.??? me? during April, ?Ith lea? than thlrt?. day?' notice, the call for May anta In creaaed to over SiatXtMO men: and laat month, without any noti???, the June call was increased to approximately ??,??? men.*' "Tou mean of new men Joining the color??" aak??d Chairman ehervey. "Tea. air; new men Joining tb? col or? That meant that the net Increaae In three month* waa ?JO. noo men. ma? tto,*nci. or .".Ki.nno ?ddltlontU men called to the color* -?ith rr?ctlc?Jly no ?? tlce at all. ?hich wa? ?ImoaM equal to the entire draft of laet geptataber So f*r aa I know?and I 'n??rfa? we would hoar of It right away?tMrt I* no soldier wbo haa not b*?? pn fed. clothed and eqalpped w*c getting by. It ha* pulled ear in ?sertain article? down very low. but by making nome apot purrbaa** and that haa accounted for ?or.? of thi* ?noney, we hav* gone?? through t taai <-??afV<l?nt we will get tbrougt? ???ta If w* call StO.ftr? rnen ?ach ?