July Sale Begins
-:- TODAY ->
Practical ' Tub' Clothes
FOR THE "TOTS"
FOR MIDSUMMER WEAR
For the Tot 2 to 7 Years Old.
Cool "Tubby" Garments.
$1.00, $1.50, $2.00
For the Girls.
P. K. HATS
Girls and Boys.
to 14 Years
^?afka's, ? at ioti)
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND
MAKES TOWN BUSY CENTER
Employment of Hundreds in Work of Test
ing Shells Obviates Need for All Wonted
Aberdeen, MA, July 2.?The Aberdeen Board of Trade has re
jected the plan to insert advertisements in the Philadelphia papers
to boom this town as a quiet place for summer boarders. It has
also voted to support the petition to revoke the village ordinance
which proclaims that the Fourth of July shall be "quiet and safe."
Muy Heavy Gee?. ?
Among the argumenta which led
? thoee conclusion? are: A store
house full of rifle grenades, hand
errenades and air bombs, some forty
Ije-millmeter howitzers. batteries
?f three-inch guns beloved by
French. British and American In?
vento?. eight-Inch howltaera, nlne
nch howitxers and. to be frank
?.bout . It. eleven-inch howltaera.
Not to play any favorites, it should
te added that the government has
also shipped In three-Inch and six
i.ich Stokes mortars, four and six
Inch Held pieces and some naval
) ? lies.
Time was when Aberdeen's lead
ing citisene could safely assert that
In'e in dear old Aberdeen, Scotland,
? aa aa nothing compared to a visit
to Aberdeen. Md.. In search of balm
ImA shattered nerves. But as James
W. Hokes. of the Hokes Livery Sta
bles. Ivas said, "that time haa went.'
Aberdeen, Md., la today the scene
of a great ordnance proving
grounds. It la the place where the
skilled ordnance engineers of the
'army, by tasta of guns and muni
tions, are at work to make the world
outside of German lines safe for ar
tillerists. For the most part these
sweating workers In a dust-fllled
plain come from the' quiet walks of
civil Ufe. They came on the run.
for the meet part, and before they
knew It they had lamped square
Into tbe newest spot west of V?vela.
Teat ? amerce? Shell?.
Today, am m means of getting
? tart on the month's Job, they shot
iff more shells than Carter haa pills,
a? th? feller say?. In fact they go
through the same program about
a ?cry day. They have to if they
?re to keep pace with the gun and
ammunition maker?. For they must
te?t out one-tenth of 1 per cent of
Present day con
?I 111 ? n s emphasise
very strongly the
importance ? indeed
t h e necessity?f o r
everyone to build up
a surplus fund of
An account in our
is aa Ideal method
ot building up a
Ton oaa open an
a ?count 1 ?
?mount that suit*
?a with Deteehed Bath,
with Private Bath, tt G?.
??-?????*. Tktm ?Hot? Die-.
all the trench smashing Instru
menta turned out of the American
factories and they also must ap
prove the strength of most of tbe
artillery forces* f?uns.
The United States will have
plenty of field gun, and howitzer?,
tf a sight of the long lines betnp
unloaded at the testing field la any
evidence. These guns are showing
up well and are making several
miles of good lowland look as if It
had been put through a fine coffee
grinding machine. As for the noise
?well the Board of Trade's vote was
unanimous about that advertising
The tests of ammunition as car
ried out today for a group of visit
ors, brought out about as good a
simulation of warfare as even a
movie director could sigh for. It
aleo showed that In the Sutton
Armstrong trench mortar, tha Uni
ted States haa a weapon fit for the
proper blasting of hell itself with all
way stations thrown In.
The Sutton Armstrong, commonly
termed, "Oh, you baby," Is about as
simple an affair aa man ever de
vised. It looks simple and even
modest, but in the tests today It
harked out ?-pound T. X. T. shells
which floated several thousands of
yards through the air, much like a
long and high hit fly ball and then,
gracefully settling to earth, pro
ceeded to throw about a quarter of
acre of soil as high as a ten story
city block. Any time any one has
doubt about America's ability to de
liver the punch, a trip to the simple
Sutton mortar will effect a per
Like Steel Beeret Pipe.
The Sutton is to all intents a ateel
sewer pipe. Its hole being large
enough to put your foot In. for tt la
eleven Inches In diameter. , It Is
mounted on nothing but a series of
flat steel plates which rest In a
slight trench. Two or three men
could pick It up and lug It off most
anytime. The mortar is about four
and a half feet long. On Its back,
near the base Is affixed a hollow
steel box. The silk bag of powder
is dropped In the box and lands in
the bottom of the mortar. The
ninety-pound shell goes In next, a
whistle blows twice and then
"Bamb" and that ninety pounds of
concentrated destruction goes up at
a forty-five degree angle.
The motar la rifled and the shell
refuses to do any acrobatics or tumb
ling stunts such aa the shells of the
lower calibre guns prcfor?l It floats
upward and then straighten? out for
a long glide before slipping back to
earth. Tou see It fall, 6,000. or 9.00o
feet away. Aa It appears to ouch the
horizon, a fan shaped cloud of brown
smoke checkered with flying chunks
of earth, pope out from nowhere and
biota out the sun. After what seems
about flve minutes, the crash of the
explosion Is heard. To anyone who
may have a vague preemption of what
"high explosive?? or "T. N. T." may
mean, the sight of that deafening
blast la a never forgotten revelation.
MM at Prilla??. Work.
About the time that one has -recov
ered from the unexpected Introduction
to the newfound ally of Mars, away
go a aarlea of shells from the guns
of smaller calibre. The projectiles
tear through the air leaving only a
faint sound aa of hlasin? stream from
a locomotive eoejsting through a deep
cut. Some sound aa If a gnat sheet
of paper was being torn.
There are ISO offlcara and IMS enlist
ed men at the Aberdeen Proving
Ground. They are working like Tro
iana at their task. They will never
ana France, hot by their tests and by
their refusala of unsafe weapons they
will make It possible for many an
American to come through unscratch
ed and return from France when
For Infant? tad Ch?drtn
IN OSE FOR OVER 30 YEARS
Al i??v? bears _.->?? '
D. G. WELCOME
President and Public Give
Conservative Waahington. alow to
respond to new feature*, yesterday
threw open her arm? to the member*
of the French Military Band, sent
here by the French government at
the requeat of Secretary Baker. An
Immense audience, which crowded the
Belasco Theater yeaterday afternoon,
heard the famous musician? from
France, the majority of whom have
seen service against Oermany, In
concert for the first time In thl? city.
Following their presentation to
President WUaon at the White House
by M. Edouard de Billy, member of
the French high commission to the
United States, at which th* President
posed for picture?, the bandsmen were
cordially received by Washington"?
musical public at the concert.
Concerted applauae forced the men
to respond to many encores.
Among thoee present were Mr?.
Woodrow Wilson and Mia? Margaret
WUaon. Mrs. Joaephus Daniel??. Sec
retary of Commerce Redfleld and
Mrs. Redfleld, Lord Reading, Britlah
ambassador, and Lady Reading, and
Major Stewart, of the Britlah army.
Yeeterday morning the bandemen
were taken on a aight-aeeing tour ot
the city in automobiles furnished by
William Santelmann, leader ot the
Marine Band. Thirty automobile? are
wanted at 6:30 tonight to transport
the band to Fort Myer. where they
will play on the parade ground of the
fort at **:4"> o'clock. Thoee desiring to
furnish automobile? can arrange to do
so by calling Dr. D. E. Yarnell, aeeo
clate war work aecretary of the T.
M. C. A. for the Washington district,
at Main WM.
Tomorrow the band will play in the
French section of the pageant, "De
mocracy Triumphant.'* and Friday
will give ita. farewell concert at Camp
Leach, at American University.
3 OF CABINET
CONTINUED FROM PAGE ON*
der government control would effect
?. Doubt as to the status of the
employes of the companies with re
spect to their affiliation with organ
ized labor. Mr. Burleson made the
flat statement to the committee that
although he would permit the men
to organize within the service, he
would not allow them to affili?t??
with outside organisations.
3. The fear expressed by some
members of the committee that
placing tlie entire wire service of
the country under the control of
the postmaster general would give
that official a powerful weapon of
censorship over the newspapers. Mr.
Burleson told the committee he had
no. desire to exercise such authority
and that his face was "set like flint
Postmaster General Burleson wa?
aaked by Representative Wlnslow, of
?'You consider this as a war meas
ure. In view of that, should the sys
tems be turned over to their owners
after the war?"
"It would be most unfortunate for
Congress to fix a limitation," the Post
master General replied. "Congre??
would be misunderstood. If we should
place a limitation upon the control ot
these systems the people would say lt
was done to prevent in?? government
effecting economies, and. of course,
nothing of a perman. nt nature cou'?i
be done to improve the service. If I
were opposed to government owner
ship of theae systems. I should want
nothing better than to have Congrett
fix a limitation, in a limited time the
government could not show what could
be accomplished ?nd might fall."
"Then you are absolutely opposed
to taking over the systems In the
same manner In which the govern
ment took over the railroads?"
"I am opposed to any limitation."
Secretary Baker said:
"If I had my way about it I would
put no time limit on Um period of gov
Secretary Daniels said:
"I think the period of control should
be left to Congress, although I think
personally government control should
Menate Ha? Like Revolve
While the committee was engaged
In the hearing an unforeseen compli
cation arose which for a time deprived
the committee of all jurisdiction over
the resolution. Representative Gor
don, of Ohio, a member of the Military
Affairs Committee, made a motion tn
the House to have the Aswell resolu
tion taken from the Interstate Com
merce Committee and given to the Mil
itary Committee. The motion wa?
adopted, without the knowledge of the
Interstate Commerce Committee,
which went on with the hearing ob
livious to the fact that it had no au
After the committee had adjourned
Chairman Sims went before the House
and succeeded In getting the action on
the Gordon motion reversed.
In the Senate Senator Cummins, ot
Iowa, asked to have the companion
resolution by Senator Sheppard re
referred from the Military Affairs
Committee to the Interstate Commerce
Committee. The motion was held up
in the absence of Senator Chamber
lain, chairman of the Military Affairs
Committee, but lt is understood he will
Interrar??? no objection to having Sen
ator Cummin?? motion prevail.
Open Season for "Wash
Day" Linen Brings S.O.S.
Call from Four Families
It aeamed to be the open season
for stealing "wash day" linen Mon
day night, according to all accounts,
no less than four famille? being the
sufferers by thl? operation In a com
munity washing basement at 18??
Mintwood Place, northwest.
Mr*. Milton Baum, living In apart
ment lOi. and Mr?. Abe Sigmund,
apartment 104: Sarah Mill?, of 1024
L ?treet. northwest, and I?uttle
Waahington. 11X0 V atrtat, north
west, all of whom patron!?.? the
same basement, each aent out an 8.
O. S. call to police headquarters last
night when they discovered their
Now every police officer In town I?
on th? lookout fer soma husky
"guy" equipped wtth a b?ndle of
clothing of ?uch huge proportion?
that it reeembl?? a croa* between
a haystack and a wholesale lana
dry, becaute tt? 1? walking around
with the weeklv waah of the fonr
A? yet there <? nothing doing tn
tn? ?ay of *vrr**t?.
U. S. IRISHMEN
WANTED IN ERTO
Official? BeBeve Yanks
Training There Would
Affect Native Lads.
Dublin, July I.?If Iriah-AmericanB
in the United States are brought to ?
Ireland for further training before
they are taken to France, It le be
lieved their presence would have a
good effect upon the recruiting prob
lem? It la pointed out that the pres
ent? of Irish-Americans, thousands of
miles from home and Imbued with a
fervent ambition to crush the Hun.
certainty could have no other effect
than to make tbe thousands of stal
wart young Irishmen here loin up.
The native Irish lads, no doubt,
would feel ashamed not to be 1:? uni
form, when their kinsmen from aero??
the sea have shown their spirit ao
Viscount French, and Chief Secre
tary Shortt. it Is understood, are quite
In earnest for their proposal for Irish
1 Americana to train In Erin. Without
the support of the Nationalists, the
voluntary enlistment plan, designed to
enroll SO.O0O men by fall, will be seri
Likewise, tf the Catholic Church
continues adamant, further dlfti
cultles will confront any enlistment
Will Ge Ahead.
But in any event. Viscount French
Is determined to go ahead, co-oper
ating with the prominent Irishmen
not too closely identified with
either of the opposing elements.
John Dillon, Nationalist leader,
is not likely to give any assistance
He has repeatedly declared he never
stood on a recruiting platform and
However, two member? of Dll
lon'a party, Capt. Stephen Owynne.
who ha? seen service, and Dr. Ar
thur Lynch, Nationalist member of
Parliament who sits for West Clare.
have offered their services for re
cruiting. Lynch fought against
England in the Boer war at the head
of an Irish brigade, serving under
Kruser. His sympathies In th>?
world war have been entirely anti
Viscount French's plan provides
for county committees to get the
voluntary enrollment scheme under
way. Moat Nationalists and Cleri
cals refuse to have anything to do
with the committees.
continued from ?a?? osa.
? ??:?. 1'aniel? would not say that there
| hud been any change In the inter -
| tions. In view of the understand
ing here, however, that the Lland
overy Castle, too, had complied with
all the Hague stipulations. It was
admitted that there was prospect of
a changed policy on the part of
all the allies If convinced that Ger
many meant to throw over the
Hague conventiona altogether.
Regardless of what the other gov
' ? ? nments may do. It is taken fi*o
1 granted that the United States will
'. press for a reply from Germany to our
previous demand for a bill of par
ticular? In connection with the en
emy charge that American aviators
were being transported on a hos
pital ship that was torpedoed in
the English Channel. Thla demand
was made six weeks ago through the
Spanish Embassy at Berlin, but no
response has been forthcoming.
Any attempt on the part of the
German government to justify the
sinking of the Llandovery Castle on
the assumption that she was trans
porting troops or otherwise misus
ing her calira to Immunity win be
rejected by all the allied govern
menta as unworty of consideration.
There was nothing, It is pointed out.
to prevent the German submarine
commander from halting the ship,
boarding her and seeing for himself
whether her title was clear. That
he did not, and that he even went
so far as to shell the boats carry
ing helpless women nurses Is taken
as proof of wanton disregard of all
rules of warfare.
In this connection it was announced
at the State Department yesterday
afternoon that the conf?rence to be
held at Berne. Switzerland, between
representatives of the Inited States
and Germany regarding the treatment
of prisoners of war haa been delayed
owing to the failure of the German
government to name delegates.
Spain has been requested to Insist
on behalf of this government that the
proceedings go on. Apparently Ger
many does not wish to deal with the
United States on the question until
she has dealt with the allies of the
United States, though why. the State
Department does not know. Before
Germany consented In the first place
to discuss the question. Secretary
Lansing, commenting on reporta of
cruelty to American prisoners of war
in Germany, sent a note to the enemy
through Spain reminding them point
edly of the far greater number of
German war prisoners there were in
this country against which reprisals
might be taken.
MARKS NEW RECORD;
LAUNCH 100 JULY <
(XINTINUID FROM PAGB ONE.
tlon of the British yards, and this
leadership will Increase by leaps
and bounds until tt la past overhaul
The June production for the Ship
ping Board exceeds that of May, the
previous high-water mark in Ameri
can shipbuilding, by njm deadweight
tons. Tha flrat million tona of ship
ping waa delivered to the board dar
ing the June production, and the fol
lowing table shows the ever-increasing
.-.trldes in the production of American
January . 88,5?
March ...??.?,,,.???????????????,??. 173,0*1
May . ?9,.!41
June .-. mo.ioo
This brings tbe total 1(18 production
to date up to 1,084.570 deadweight tons
for six months. The 1?1? program will
call for approximately this production
each month, and If the British pro
duction should expand beyond all ex
pectation, the United States wm still
be building two or three large ocean
?Muriere to Great Britain's one when
the Shipping Board program Ib In full
"SILENCE" LECTURE SUBJECT.
Russell T. Edwards, director of the
educational section of tbe national
war commission, will talk to thi
members of the United States Wo
men's Association of Commerce at
their meeting in Cincinnati July it.
a? the subject of "SUenc?.??
Continuing to Offer Unprecedented Values in This
Of Men's SUMMER SUITS
Ncithing like these values anywhere eke. ?Sterling quality cool clothing offered you right
"before the 4th" at season-end prices. Get in early today.
Kool Kloth Slits
Smart styles, smart shades,
smart patterns. Plenty of all
sizes??nd just look at this
Palm Beach Suits
Genuine Palm Beach fabric?
no imitation. Cot and taUored to
pleate particular men. Can't be
duplicated elsewhere at thit figure.
Genuine Pnettry Mohair Suit?
?yon know what that meant.
Mohair? are very papular and
diete will certainly pleate you.
Wind-Up of Wool Suits at Big Savings
$?12.50 suits that it would really pay $27.50 serges and flannel ' $32.50 hand-tailored afl
?s to keep until next season, for they're : suits that thow class in every wool flannel and fancy weave
bound to cost much more. Serges and novelty weavet. #*1G ] line. Choice modelt tfOA ?sits, absolutely the #nr
Smart stylet, your choice for.? 10 ; to pick from at_*????" ! smartest style* for.. f?tO
TROUSERS AT "CLEAN ?? OUT" PRICES!
Man's $?30 White
Flannel Troutert ..
??? Men. Black
? UU Office Coats
? ? White
56.00 Deck Trossers
Man a ClotH^Oap?^.?! ^g ,*^.^ Street NOfthWeSt ^^
Thieves Under Arrest
Arrest? were made In Boatoa Sat
urday and $:.000 worth of atolcn
good* recovered by government
agent?. The good? had been remov
ed from the Boston and Main? and
Boston and Albany railroada, JrhJlo
In transit to the Charlestown Navy
The defendant* may be Indicted
under the Sabotage Law of April SO,
191S, authorising a. penalty of not
more than thirty year?' Imprison
Thi? action ha? been taken by
government authorities to protect
it? property In transit. Such f?lonie?
are regarded aa being "overt act?'*
und "giving aid and comfort to th?
enemy," and will be punished ac
Repeated theft? from the govern
ment, while ?uch property wa? la
th? hand? of carrier?, have led th?
?uthorltle? to com-iude that mor?
rigorous action D?u*t be taken.
ENDEAVORS AT MEIGS.
Member? of the Ecklngton Preaby
terian Church Christian Endeavor
gave a minstrel ?how at the Camp
Mela? Toung Men'? Christian Aaao
ciatlon hut laat night
The program wa? a? follow?: Song?
by the group: soloa by Mis? M.
Curco and MU? M. f Carter: read?
lng? by Mis* C. Morgan and Mia*
O. Meyer; black-face comedy, Mr*.
Clara Anderton. Beulah Bon, Harry
Haul Ine and Walker Crouae: qu?n
tente, MU? Baulah Boat, Mrs. M.
Kelly, Mia? Lewi?. Miss Lout?? Shear
and George Speidel.
AU* ? AKT TO FIGHT
OR FLY, NOT TINKER
Marine Corpt Hat Trouble to Get
Men for Aviation Mechanics.
For tb? first time In many moon?.
tha United State? Marin? Corp? I?
"up againat It."
Th? Marina Corp* I* hard up for
mechanics for the aviation aection.
aad while there are plenty of appli
cant* for thl? branch of the aervtcd
?II ?re eager to try condition? with
th* Huns among the cloud*, and
have no ?peclal delire for any ground
If? the same way with truck dri
ver* ?nd electrician*. Both ?eia??*?
are needed badly right now, but Mal.
Theodore H. lev, the of&oer m
charge of the main recruiting station
of the U. S. Marine Corp?, ?? Star
building, ?aya moan of tha kas-kv
young fellow? coming la drove? ta
th? recruiting ?tation oontoder that
too tame a Sam*, and ??rant te get on
tha firing Un? m Fran?? without
Maj. Low aayt ther? la a ?mpen
?ating feature about anliating aa ?
mechanic, machiruat or electrician In
the aviation ?ection. aa It la a good
training ?chool for flying: and eeorrer
or lattar. If thoae ?nil*ting ?Sevelor
any talent? along theae line?, there?
a chance for them to carry oat their
heart'? destre and climb up ta th*
While the June quota of the Mar.? ?
Corp? waa 100, exactly Ml had n*e,
accepted and tranaferred to Pari*
Ialaad. S C. when th? door* wer*
cloved at tbe end of laat monti?, with
a big waiting list in Una. Monday
aad yesterday Z* more had bextm ac
cepted, ?rith Jo applicante under con
Bathing. Fishing, Crabbing, Yachting, Canoeing, Dancing, Speed-Boating.
Where to Spend Your Week-end
"WASHINGTON'S ATLANTIC CmT-COLONIAL BEACH
Three and One-half Hours from Washington by Semmes Fast Motor Line.
Hotels and Cottages.
SELECT FROM THE FOLLOWING WHERE YOU WILL STOP.
Colonial Beach Hotel . WOLCOTT'S HOTEL
Beach front: beautiful and healthy; city
conveniences; baths; fishing, crabbing,
salt-water bathing, dancing, etc. Excel
lent meals, specializing seafoods. Semmes
Motor Line, Penna. R. R. to Popes Creek
or motor via Fredericksburg. Garage.
FRANK BLACKISTONE, Prop.
Every Room Overlooks the Bay
Right on the Boardwalk
Moderate Rates. Special Rates
for the ?Season.
Fishing. Crabbing. Canoeing.
DANCING EVERY EVENING.
GEO. CHRISTY, Manager.
G loving Pictures
Open for the Season
FIRST ClASS REELS
CAPT. ROBEY'S SPEED BOAT \
Management Marjorie Redhead.
While at Colonial Beach take a
Capt. Robey's Motor Boats
The fastest, safest crafts on the Potomac.
Motor Boats for Hire at All Hours.
THE BUCKINGHAM HOTEL
mm* fiS Water.
First-clats Meals. Comfortable Room?.
Shady Lawn. Beautiful View.
Special Sunday Dinner to Transients.
Shore Dinner. 75c _CJ??ic?kel, D"??? -J?'?00?
MRS. E. FTROLLI?S, The Buckia-fhaai.
Special reservations for fishing parties.
Wire or write
CAPT. BLANCHARD ROBEY.
THE LENWOOD HOUSE
Open for the Season.
First class, airy, comfortable rooms; excellent
meals; shady lawns. Proprietress:
MRS. H. McKENSEY MATTHEWS.
Spend Your Week-end in Comfort
The Semmes Motor line Way
LEONARDTOWN, ROCK POINT or
?All Within Three Hours of Washington.
Excellent Hotel Accommodations
Bathing, Fishing and Crabbing
For full information regarding our rates or routes, call
FRANKLIN 2713. S. W. CHADWKX, Gera. Manager
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