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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, July 04, 1918, Image 1

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TODAY
1.019.115 AMERICAN TROOPS
IN FRANCE
3.000.000 UNDER ARMS.
ERALD
TODAY
110.000,000 AMERICANS AT
HOME FTGKITNG FOR
DEMOCRACY.
1
NO. 4269.
WEATHER?Warn ?ai O-ti-y.
WASHINGTON. D. C. THURSDAY, ?JULY 4, 1918.
HI. INDEPENDENCE DAY
Woodrow Wilson \
Tor us there is but one choice. We have nude it Woe he to the man or
group of men that seeks to stand in our way in this day of high resolution, when every
principle we hold dearest is to be vindicated and made secure for the salvation of the
nations. We are ready to plead at the bar of history, and our flag shall wear a new
luster. Once more we shall make good with our lives and fortunes the great faith to
which we were born, and a new light shall shine in the face of our people."?
From address of the President at Washington on Flag Day, June 14, 1917.
George Washington
Observe good faith and Juatlc* toward all nations; cul
tivate peace and harmony with all; religion aad morality
?njoln thl? conduct; and can lt be that good policy do?* not
equally enjoin It? It will be worthy of a free, enlightened.
and, at no dlataat period, a great nation, to give to mankind
the magnanimous and too novel esempi* of a people alway?
guided by an exalted Justice aad benevolence. Who can
doubt that In the course of times and thing?, the fruits of
?uch a plan would richly repay any temperary advantage?
which might be loot by a ?trict adherence to lt?
If we re??ala one people under an efficient government,
tbe period I? not far off when we may defy material Injury
from external annoyance; when wr may take ?uch an atti
tude aa will cauae the neutrality '** may at any time re
solve upon, to be scrupulously respected; when belligerent
nation?, under the Impossibility of making acquisition? upon
us. will not lightly hasard the giving us provocation-, when
we may choose peace or war, as our Interest, guided by
Juatlce. ?hall counsel.?(From the Farewell Addreaa of
George Washington, written September IT. 1TM.)
Abraham Lincoln
Fourscore aad ?even yeara ago our father? brought forth
on thl? continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and
dedicated to the proposition that all man are created equal
***** we cannot dedicate?we cannot conse
rrate?we cannot hallow?thi? ground. The brave mea. ??t
Ing and dead, who struggled here have consecrated lt far
above our power to add or detract. Tbe world will little
note, nor long remember what we ?ay here, bat It can never
forget wrhat they did here. It la for us the living, rather, to
be dedicated here to the unfinished work that they have
thus far so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to be here
dedleatad to the great task remaining; befor* us?that from
theae honored dead we take Increased devotion to the eau???
for which they gave the full measure of d?votion?that wc
here highly reaolve that the?? dead ahall not bave di'vi In
vain?that tbe nation ahall, under God. have a new birth of
freedom?and thst government of the people, by tbe peo
ple, aad for the people *hall not perish from the earth.?
? From the Gettyaburg address, delivered at the dedication
of Gettysburg National Cemetery. November lt. lie?)
?IAMTTC ASPIRATIONS
EXEMPLIFIEB HERE ?0DAY
jesident at Washington's Tomb to Resound
Keynote?Then Peoples of Earth Will
Join in Pageant, "Democracy Triumphant,"
at Capitol.
- ?
Independence for the r.hole world will be tbe aspiration of cele
kj*bj here today.
Universal independence will be defined by President Wilson in a
ch at Washington's tomb, before the representatives of twenty
n allied and revolting nations. In present-day terms, he will tell
liberty and freedom mean. He will broaden and widen the
|l<i s conception of that term. America's unselfishness in the war
be reaffirmed, and the bond of fraternity among freedom loving
|ons made more secure.
Hither have come representatives from nations whose purpose in
world crisis is our purpose. Self-invited but rousingly welcomed,
esentatives join us in our national birthday, to make it the birth
of freedom for all peoples.
Among these representatives is the Russian leader of the Battalion
Feath, Madame Botehkaro, who stands for the best in the long
ring, patient, heroic soul of Russia.
A New ???tlon.
Csecho-Slavic Maaaryk, pa
and inciter o( tbe nations to
m. Is her. He is an Austrian.
h?s very presence was the occa
of International complications,
ise he Is technically our toe. The
of the law wa? observed, how
because he Is In revolt and he
?Howed to enter our country ?nd
al City.
lew nation will send Its repr?**s??n
to Mount Vernon, and, slm.il
rasly with tbe President's
h. the Jti-rro-Slav nation, made
I people? and provinces of Lower
ria on the Adriatic, wW declare
national unity and independence
fling to tbe heavens a new flag.
nation? who formerly fought
bickered with these South Euro
provinces have envoy? here in
and friendship with Jugo-Slavia
te white-hot pit?pose of bringing
wn to S-outheri? Europe.
Pale France, To?.
ong those st Mt. Vernon who
?wear to keep Liberty*? flam?
t la France, pale, exhausted, but
unto death, and Britain, her
ry-long enemy who now stands
of her. and homeless Belgium,
hair nationality Intact.
tnx-Iike Japan, preserving Ub
iti s.he Orient. I? here, and rjhina.
laathroes o( a ?-thanglng order,
ir-tnrely republican. Siam and tbe
S"f the little and big nations of
r?h will all answer the roll ??11
Vernon today.
the twenty-seven representa
d th? President, with hia offi
wlll return to Washing
he International Democ
nt pageant. In which
on and tbe stranger?
rders have been drilling
eeka paat.
?? It? Twa Part?.
it will consist of two
first part, the various
give ?ketches from
history and character
Each national section
jloned In some appro
[along the Mall. Tha
?gin at ( o'clock, and
_ will be given three
??? "It every spectator may
IBM I .*rt? Th? audience will
?tstion to another,
miracle plays.
Id part win be a grand
nations to the Capitol,
ring of a huge tableau
fth? President and seats
bean erected for the
march and the tab
a?*ry Triumphant
??ration? aa?e
fuming, staging and
rimot play. Spec
night? have been
Fomentation with
War Depart
|take place dur
part? of the
I of each sffalrs
usual. Moat
fAjas zwo
AB to Celebrate
Independence Day
? merit? with her allies todas
v. ill celebrate Independence
Day. Today the wheels of In
dustry in Washington will h?
?topped and the war Itself rel?
- ited to the background whiu
the nation reconsecrate? Itself
to the spirit of freedom and
lemocraey.
The pageant "Democracy Tri
umphant" (full program on
rage 3, will begin at &?-'?
o'clock thla afternoon and con
tinue until 7:3a A parad* tu
the Capitol, where the exercises
win begin at 9 o'clock, follow?
FTetldent WUaon will ?peak
at Mount Vernon at 4 o'clock
Every government department
will cease Its activities for the
rinst time since war was de
clared.
Many other patriotic and his
torical societies -sill hold In
dividual celebrations.
America's foreign-born son?
and dsughters will play a Mg
part In the celebration.
Independence Day
Messages from War
Heads Lay Stress on
World Significance
Fourth of July felicitation? from
the nation's war head?, sa gathered
late yesterday, follow:
By WOOOROW WILSON,
rrr.ld.nt ef the tailed Itatea ef
America.
A* July t, mt, was the ?lawn of
democracy for thla nation, let ua on
July t. 1918. celebrate th? birth of a
new and greater spirt of democracy,
by whose Influence, we hope and be
lieve, what the signer* of th? Oeclara
i tlon of Independence dreamed of for
themselves and their fellow country
Imen ahall be fulfilled for all mankind
(From proclamation of President WU
???, May 38, approving plan* for for
eign-born July 4 celebration.
By GENF-HAI, JOHM J. PEHSHIMe.
V. ?. A.
( oMa>ae?t*r I? Chief America?
tCxpeittlmmarr Wmnmm.
On chi? aaniversary of our Inde
pendence the officers and men of
the American Bxpedttioaary Force?
on the battlefields of Frane? renew
their pledge of fealty aad devotion.
to our causa and country. The
resolve of. our forefathers that all
men abd people? ?hall be free la ?
their r?solve. It is quickened by]
OOHTUtbSO ImTfAm? ?" *
U. S. TONNAGE
DEFIANCE FOR
KAISER TODAY
Vast Number of Launch
ings to Mark Inde
pendence Day.
.MESSAGES TO WORKERS
Wilson's Thanks and En
couragement Conveyed
by Hurley.
From the shipyard? of all the
American water? today will go forth
America'? Independence Day answer
to tha Hun???hip?, ?hip? and more
] ship?, ?core? of them, 150 000 tons of
I defiance, enough ?hip? In on? day
! to maintain six army division?, 150.
000 men. In France till Germany 1?
defeated.
What number of ship? will make
the Fourth of July Grand Splash was
not revealed laat night by the Unit
ed States Shipping Board. Whether
It will be more or leaa than the
eighty-nine flrst predicted could not
be learned. That there would be at
least the originally announced ton
nage, however, wa? admitted.
Total Attained Despite Order.
This tonnage will be attained despite
the order that waa Isaued by Director
General Schwab, of the Emergency
fleet Corporation, following protest*?
that concentration on hull launching?
would delay delivery of completed
ships. That order directed that no
other work be sacrificed for hastened
launchings July Fourth, and that no
launchinga be held back for the big
launching day.
That today's demonstration of Amer.
Ica'? achievement In shipbuilding will
not be a specious one, a merely elabo
rate flash In the pan, attained at tha
sacrifice of steady production, is al
ready shown In the record breaking
Atures tor June, a total of 280.400 tona
of shirs completed and actually put In
service. There was no holding back
there for the Fourth.
To every shipyard In the country,
Edward N. Hurley, chairman of the
United States Shipping Board, raa?
wired verbatim the following letter
from the President, dated June *M:
"My dear Hurley: I am very glad
to take part In celebrating the
launchings of the Fourth of July and
beg tbat you will "make usa of the
following message: 1 Join with yon
In feeling the greatest pride in tha
diligence and skill and devotion which
the men tn the shipyards have ex
hibited ta completing the fleet when
la to be launched on the Fourth of
July, and I hope that you will con
vey to them my congratulation? and
ray pleasure In feeling that we an?
all comrade? tn a great cause.
"vYooarow WiUon.'
"Cordially and sincerely yirara.
"WOODROW WILSON."
Although Director General Schwab
and Vice President Plea, of the Emer
gency Fleet will watch the launch
ing? at San Francisco and Oakland,
and Edward N*. Hurley, chairman of
the Shipping Board, will lend his
presence to th? celehration? at Cal
?**ago. th? center of celebration tomor
row win be at the home of the Emer
gency Fleet In Philadelphia
Every launching will be telegraphed
to the fleet office? there, where -ar
rangement? have been made for quick
distribution of the new? to th? conn
try at large and to th? city of Phila
delphia} which harbor? more ?hip
builder? than any other city In tha
United States, probably mor? than any
other city In the world.
g?Wl?y*? Mu??s te Tard?.
To every shipyard launching a ve?
?el for the Emergency Fleet today
Chairman Hurley haa ?rat the follow
ing telegram:
"Our historic launching today la a
new Declaration of Independence. It
Is great Yet It la only America's
stride. The big ?plash ?rill go round
the world. Tour yard helped make
it Tour employe? are behind Per
sthing'? men, behind the faith of
France, th? dogged courage of Eng
ottemmiAD ojJpaob :
TODAY'S DECLARATION
OF INDEPENDENCE
Thursday, July 4, 1918.
The Unanimon? Declaration of the Forty-eight United
States of America.
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary
for tbe people of a democratic, liberty-loving country to fight
unto death ?for the principles they hold most dear, a decent
respect to the opinion? of mankind require? they should declare
the caute* which impel them to wage a win-or-die war.
We hold diese truth? to be ?elf-evident: That ?II nation?,
great and small, are entitled to their place under the su. ; that
all human beings are endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable rights, whether they Ihre in Belgium, ?Serbia, France,
or travel upon the high teat in peaceful ships of commerce; that
among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That
to secure these rights those government? of the people, for the
people and by the people have banded together in one cause
and with one purpose against that government, and the slavish
subject? of that government, which seeks to overthrow liberty
throughout the world and to crush democracy beneath the cruel
heel of the autocracy of might.
For long and many yean this power of military might and
inhuman greed threatened the peace of the world and the freedom
of all peoples, but still we were patient and hoped that the light
of justice and honor might break through the cloak of militarism
into th? hearts of the German people and that reason might come
to the German government. But when a long train of abtuet and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinced a design
to reduce all other nations and peoples under absolute despotism,
it became our right, it became our duty, to fight that ruler, that
government, that people with all of our resources of men and
money, food and bullets. Tbe history of the present Kaiser of
Germany is a history of repeated injuries and usurpation?, all
having, in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny
over all people and all' nations. To prove this, let facts be sub
mitted to a candid world: ?
He has wilfully and needlessly -murdered American women
zens upon the high seas.
He has willfully and needlessly murdered American women
and children. ?
He has tortured and slain prisoners of war.
He has violated every known law of war.
He has violated every international law which stood in his
course of brutalized warfare.
He has murdered noncombatants, even including little babies.
He has made bonfires and heaps of ruins out of c'-uidm
and hospitals.
He has sunk hospital ships.
He has made war upon Red Cross workers.
He has fomented plots against the United States while this
country was at peace with Germany.
He hat hired destructionistt to destroy life and property in the
United States and in every ? other country which resisted his
power lust.
He has committed unforgivable crimes against the female
population of conquered territory.
He has torn up treaties and scorned the rights of humanity.
He has plunged the world into this war. and by so doing has
become the archmurderer of all time and the slayer of more
human beings than all other murderers of all the world within
the last several hundred of years.
We. therefore, die people of the United States of America.
on this Fourth of July, do solemnly publish and declare that the
United State? of America will exert its last ounce of strength.
will give its last man. will spend itt last dollar and will fight
to the last day of our existence as a free nation, to the end that
our foe. the enemy of humanity, justice and- liberty, may be
defeated; that the final victory may be so complete, so decisive
that never again will German autocracy and militarism threaten
the peace of the World or the liberty of tbe inhibitants thereof.
And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance
on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to
each other that we will loan of our savings for war savings
stamps and liberty loans, that tve -frill give of our money for
war taxes without complaint, that we will support with our ?liars
and our time Red Cross and all other war charities, that we will
produce and conserve food as requested by the Food Administra
tion, that we will not seek one penny of excess profits during die
period of war. that we who are able will go "over ther?*' to the
the trenches of our allies, that we will utter no word which will
interfere with our country's war aim. and "that we will not fail
to utter such words as will keep the people's fighting spirit staunch
and true and firm.
The signers are aa follows:
EVERY LOYAL AMERICAN OF THE 110.000.000 IN THE
? UNITED STATES.
BAULE FRONT
TO CELEBRATE
INDEPENDENCE
Fourth in Europe to Have
Widespread, Friendly
Attention.
PARIS AND LONDON, TOO
New York to Have Biggest
Parade Ever Held, Then
Big Pageant.
Paris. July t?la every part of th?
French capital there waa feverish
preparation tor the celebration of
American Independence Day. French
and American llaga began to appear
all over tba city. Parta I? "dresalng"
for tbe Fourth. ??1 public butldin???.
business houses, schools and depart
ment store? will be closed tomorrow.
All France will celebrate tba Ameri
can national holiday as if It were her
own.
Among th? chief speak?!? wHI be
Marshal Jottre, Foreign Minister
Pich?n and the president of tha sen
ate, M. Duboet. A monster parad?
will start from the "Avenue of Presi
dent Wflaorn," French veteran? of th?
war of 1870-? wtll particip?t? In the
ceremony. They win plac* a w-reath
at the foot of the Washington
ata tue.
The T. K. C. A. haa organised a
gigantic athletic festival. At a num
ber of leading theaters. Including the
Opera ("omlque. allied soldier? will
glv? entertainments In honor of visit
ing American troop?. The Part? mu
nicipal authorities are preparing a
medal commemoratine; the Inaugura
tion of the Avenue of President Wll
aon. In the afternoon American offi
cers will visit th? grave of Rocham
beaa.
General Okumaea
With the American -?Army la
France. July t.?American flags will
be flying In French villages along
the front from Verdun to the Swiss
frontier Thursday In the flrst gen
eral observance of Independence
Day In Lorraine and Alsace since
the United States entered the war.
In the towns and villages close
behind the front In which American
unit? are quartered the celebration
will perhaps be more demonstrative,
but the municipal authorities far be
hind the battle front ar? arranging
for appropri?t? ceremonies.
Gen. Pershing and hi? staff plan
to ?pend th? day quietly at field
headquarter? and will probably play
an Inconspicuous part In the local
celebration In which the French civ
ilian? will join.
AH field clerk? at headquarter?
will enjoy a holiday. But the ?teff
officer? will be at their desk? a?
usual, since the war wait? on no
holiday?. Probably the most ambi
tious program In Eastern Franc? haa
been prepared at Nancy.
Whale nty Drapett.
The whol? city 1? to be draped la
flags. In the afternoon a Franco
American concert will b? given In
the beautiful Hotel de VIH? nader
the patronage of the prefect of th?
department of Meurthe and Moselle
and the Mayor of Nancy.
Several opera stars and professors
from the Nancy Conservatory of
Mnslc will participate in the con
cert which will open with the "Star
Spangled Banner," and Include a
number of popular American aad
French airs, and close with th? Mar
sellalse.
All school? In the department ?>f
Meurthe and Moselle wil be closed,
the pupil? beine Invited to partici
pate In th? celebration.
One Alsatian village which waa
freed from the Germans early In the
war. is preparing a unique program
for a concert and Alsatian dancea
by Alsatian maiden? decked la red.
white and bin?.
Even right down at the front
ther? will be ?ome f.?tlvltle? that
OCMflINI)U> OA PAGI
YANKS KEEP GROUND WON
DESPITE COUNTER BLOWS
o*efe.
Teach Bloody ?Lesson to Enemy i-oJlis Violent
Attempts to Regain Positions Lost on
Marne Front?Local Gains Made ? -?le
Allies Consolidate Positions.
_ _ -
'?There the An?ericani plant Old Glory they ni. ... aad
?no amount of gun drumming, terrific at it may Le, or of ?sot-inter
thrust?, no matter how vicious and determined, will chase then out.
Such is the substance of a new bloody lesson the Germans on
the Marne front were taught by Pershing's boys in the last thirty
six hour?. Infuriated by the loss of Vaux village and important ?nr
rounding positions to the Americans in the Utter'? brilliant charge
???arly Tue*dajr, the crown prince's troops west of Chateau Thi?trryt
where thi? latest vi?aory was won, made a desperate couwt?*-r attack
that evening after an early shaking bombardment. Again thry bit
granite. Their advancing ranks were cat to piece? and >n additional
ninety-seven prisoners were taken, so that tbe total haggled in the
whole day's fighting now exceeds 600.
The German war office relises to admit the loss of the position?
on a mile and one-half front to a depth of nearly a nule. It asserted
that the attach? west of Chateau Thierry were "repulsed," and as a
balm for the doubters it announced that four American airplane?
were brought down. Of the nine German planes bagged by the
Yankee flier? not a word is said in the Berlin statement, nor doe? it
mention the f?et that an entire German regiment was wiped out in
?Tuesday'? action.
CORNELIA L WALTER
DIES IN TIDAL BASIN
Coroner's Jury Returns Verdict of
Suicide by Drowning.
Cornelia Landstreet Walter ?n
found drowned la tbe Tidal Basin late
yeaterday afternoon.
Friends of tba family aay ?he
had been alitai na several ?lay?
and that her nsother. Mr?. France?
Walter, of Copty cou-rts, bsd been
prostrated with "?Tief ?nd worry.
Aeoordlntt to tbe ponce, the body
had l>eeo la tbe tratar for aeveral
days It was Identified by an und?
of the trlrl, glvlnc hit name aa Edwin
HUL
Yeaterday afternoon -Coroner Nevltt
held an laquea*, tbe jury retumtnc a
verdict of ?ukride The evldene?
ahowed that aha bad been Ul for
sometime, and that ber ?liment had
affected her reason.
She ?raa bora In Baltimore forty
yeara atro, and was a ?-omperativ?
stranger here. 8he h*?1 traveled
abroad a number of yeara with ner
mother.
LORD RHONDDA DIES.
-
Food Controller Succumb? After
Long Illness from Pleurisy.
London, .'uly !.?Vltvcount Rhotndde.
Britiah food controller, died todas; of
pleurisy and an operation crai?e<iuent
thereon.
As David Alfred Thoma?. managing
director of a Welsh coal combine, be
waa ehoaen aoon after war wa* de
clared by England In August, lit?. ?a
represent Oreat Britain In the organl
tation of the tnfant munition? Indua
try In Canada. He remained in Can
ada for the greater part of a -??ear,
returning ta England ?there be waa
rewarded for bit weak with ? ???tir
ais?. He waa ?f??-lntod tood ea**B
troller at tbe critical tint* of Jun?.
1*17, and retained that poat tanta th?
tima of hi? death, hla 1-?*-icn*tr?wi,
when he fell 1U. ha-rlng beea retttked.
Haas Take ?Ship? m Finland.
Iaondoa, July 1 ?Four Germ?n de
stroyer* atad two U-boats, ew-ortin?
three steamers of between ?>.*?* aad
Left) tons, hav? htta
?outhward from ata
cordine to tha
correspondent at Ma
tinned that the ?t??j>?a**j^HRfc ess?.
stwajen ta?
the north ?
ing Germ?n J
nearly two!
?etere. The?!
ra.
?.iff? red a
Frasi k Mem* Isas-orl??? ?.?lac
'i'*? Kran??* ?<*ored aiiotb? ? im
I> local siiccese between
Aisne ri ?ers te
of : . in**?i_*-Tou>?-en?, taking ?
?.?*. ...?;? on a front of nearly
milt- to a depth of W-> meter?
advance netted 2? prisoner?.
In Italy th? Austrian? suffered
new defeat on the Lower Piave be
tween the old and new course? et
that river ne?r its mouth. Ad?r*?nc?
ing to a depth ranging from ...00" ta
?.Ml yard? on aa eight-mile front,
the Italians ?raptured IMA prisotienj
tncluiltiiK forty-ftve ofllc??-?.
llallas?? Take Piassatis.
Northwest of Mont? Grippa. On
erai Dias'a troop? increase.! the num
ber of prisoni re taken ?inc.? their
advance there Tuesday to tn. Sharp
Austrian ???owiter-thrTisU were easily
beaten off. Detailed advice* abow
that the Italia?,? In that sector mad?
prosTi??*?? on a four-mil? front to A
depth of half a ?lile.
The first looal "come bark" the
?Germana hav? had to boast of ia
weeks is admitted by the British War
Office to have occurred northweet of
Albert, where the German? aftar
three vain attempt? finally succeeded
In regaining the greater part of tha
ridge wrested fro?? them by Half?
troop? Sunday night- Ia other mo?
tors of the northern front the
took prisoner? In successful
Roosevelt's Youngest
?Son Active Aviator.
With th? American Army at ta*
Marne, July I.?Qti.r-.in I*. <n-.vt.lta,
youngest so* of th?- ?Col? ne!, ?? a'
full-fledged flyer wit- the america?
Aviation Copra He I? among to*
aviators who hurried ta the Mara*
front to assist In tlie ?uceess ?ierla**
the Irti it engageaient west af Cha?
teau-Thle-y Young Roosevelt haa.
repeatedly distinguished himself by
bravery. Tbe work ot the aviator*
1? a big element I* tbejngbtin oa
thl? front. It Hi feared th?I <on
American flyers who are aalMlnc
hav? been killed.
The latest official Vagare? piar.? ta*
total of German prisoner? takea ia
tk? Chateau-Tblery ?a? tor in Tu???
day*? brilliant action at lit Bri*?* ?
?nd ?even ?acera . Seventy-??*
tha prisoner? are wounded. y
of the American? wko war? thla
lateat flrht will temperare leeva
the treaehe? to take pei ?? ?ha
parade In Parla tomorrow.
Detail? of Tweed??'? flg. ing ?how
that the ?noray
crumbled ander
ray rein <vr*mi*Tita1
th? ten c ~t*te?m

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