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Food Will Win the WaMf rlfitt igthen ? \ YOU MUST READ A 1V!0W?NG NEJVSPAPER TO LEARN THE LATEST WAR DEVELOPMENTS SECURE YOUR HELP FROM THE HERALD WANT ?? COLUMNS. PHONE MAIN 3300. ? NO. 4275. WEATHER-FAIR. WASHINGTON. D. C. WEDNESDAY, ?JULY 10, 1918. ONE CENT * ?**-?*- ? ? ?Ttaishiaa Ts?? Cesta RESIGKA??O? OF KUEHLMANN I ACCEPTED at. Foreign Minister's Retire ment, Berlin Dispatches Say. ? FIRST NON-PRUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER \esigning Bavarian's Policy Opposer} to Principles of Junkerism. SEVERAL ARE MENTIONED AS POSSIBLE SUCCESSORS .Albert E. Ballin. Bernstorff ?nd Admiral von Pintze Suggested for Foreign Portfolio. SB* !" "London, July o.?The resigna m of Dr. Richard von Kuehl ?ann, the German foreign min ^jsler, was confirmed in Berlin ad vices today. The Kaiser, accord ing to an Exchange Telegraph ' dispatch from Copenhagen, has ac cepted von Keuhlmann's resigna tion. With von Kuelilntann passes the hrt>t non-Prussian minister of -foreign affairs Germany has ever had, the retiring secretary being, like Chancellor von Hcrtling, a Bat arlan. There is every indica tion that the militarist junta at Berlin will bend might and main to see to it that Kuehlmann is the last non-Prussian in the high est office in the imperial chancel lor's giving. Hate? Swsrxl atattllaar. From tbe moment he assumed his Imperisi otilo? von Kuehlmann'? view Ana policiea wers diametrically op powed to Ute catechism o? jtrnkerdom. Like his ill-starred Austrian es colksgue. Count Cssrnm, Be was 1er a pesos t?y antVeritandlnc. He betas ?? ???! rattling at the green table ansi h save vest to his bate more thaw one? when Gen. Hoffman rased at Brssl-Lltovafc. 1 >nlj few In Londsn recalled?be cause only few knew?the role von Kuehlmann played In the fateful d?>a preceding the outbreak ot the war. He was then counsellor of Use German embassy here under Prim?: Llchnowsky. The two worked hand in stove for peace. Their effort? to atav? off if not prevent the holocaust, were to those who knew the will of the war at Berlin and Vienna, almoit pathetic. It wa? on the evening- of August 4. a few hours before Germany's declara tion of war, that Dr. von Kuehlmann took ?n extraordinary step; he voiced through the medium of the London press an ardent appeal to the people of Great Britain to remain neutral. More than that, he caused to be printed post-haste a similar appeal in leaflets snd had them posted on the four walla of the embassy. It was ?n almost comical, a frantic act, but to understand It one must recall the ter rible gravity of -the situation, the desperately tense atmosphere in those historie hours Ilrx.www.lar Pislseat Hist. lachnowaky made laudatory men tion of Kuehlmann In the now fa moua memoirs. That didn't help the foreign minister with the miUta.-lsta, vslic had been "done" with him ? ver aine* Brest-Lltovsk. And they cried "Hang the traitor" when they saw the LJchnowsky memorandum. The wonder of all Europe ha? been the fact that this soft-?poken diplo matist of the liberal ?chool, this cul tured scholar who love? Byron and Tennyson as much as be does Goethe ? nd Schiller, and who writes sonnets aad art criticism in his leisure hot.rs ?that this man was able to maintain himseli as long aa he did In tb? n dit of a military regime that became dally mor? powerful, until, not many ?v*?ks ago. It crowded every vestile of diplomatic Influence off tb? stsge. It was then that In the Reichstag ?.uehlmann pronounced the de Uh verdict to bis career as pilot of Jer ir.any't! foreign affai;??by openly ed mlltlttg that "purely military ??cl atons" could not be expected to bring an ?od to this war. To be aure, be was compelled to "crawl," but tbe narrate was done, and from that no menl hla ?calp was doomed. His resignation now comes a? doubly con vincing proof that tb? militarists tie In absolute control. ?sills Sscaeatesl. It Is from that angle that ?II ?pecu lation concerning Kuehlmann'? suc cessor must be guided. The name of Albert E. Ballin Is recurring in ad vice? via Amsterdam and Copenhagen. Ths heed of what la left of th* Ham burg-American Use and director g?n er?! of th? German railroad?, has powerful factors in his favor. First of ?11. he is a friend and trusted ad viser of the Emperor. Then, he com mands?through his dominating po?l tion in tbe world of commerce, trade and finance?an influence squalled by few in the empire, coupled with high prestige ?broad. But three thing* count ?gainst Bal an and they ara ?o ?trong that politi sai observers Iter? tonight wagered seat ?urn? against his appointment The?? are: 1. He I* ? Jew; la Itself a cardinal ground for condemnation at tbe hands sf tb* thoroughly antl-?emltic militar ists. (Dcrnberg tried it once. He sot *?? tar aa colonial minister and than fell with a crash.) I Ha ia not a trained diplomat and It would be an unheard of revolu tionary thin?; 'or the German? to ?end % '*B??n ?xserf to the foreign min i?try. Tbe aversion ?gainit ?tacit a policy Is too deep-rooted?moreover. It ??sack* of democracy s, J. Bs I* ?ure to be rejected by the millt?rlat? tor tb? very natur? of hla Maas and Ideals, all of which center ?round trade, aad therefor?, peace. Th? name of Count Johann Heta 00.VTi.Nl SB OS PSCB TBS IS. Italy Greets Heroism ot U.S. Mothers Greetings to th? mothers of Ameri can soldiers, transmitted through the Italian amhaaaador to the mother? of American soldiers, waa made public by th? President yes terday, because of his belief "that it will be received with the deepest appreciation try the mother? of a? soldiers." It la signed by th? Esecutive Committee of th? "Mothers of Combatant?" at Rome, and aaya: "Oa the day on which Rome ?nd all Italy exulted, welcomed and acclaimed your generoua son?, the mothers of the Italian combatants send their fraternal, auspicious greeting? to th? American mother?, and united with them by the same throb of patriotic and maternal love they hall the valor of their sons, the final victory, the benefit of civilisation." BOARDS UNITE FOR ESSENTIAL LABOR SUPPLY War Labor, Employment and War Industries with Fuel Heads. Noaessential Industries must con vert their product to war necessi ties or face closed doors snd a sus , pension of operations until after the ? war. j The TVar Labor Policies Board, the ! L'. 8. Employment Service, the War ! Industries Board and the Fuel Ad | ministration are united on thia Be 1 twecn them, they control the flow 'of raw materials, labor and fuel of the country. No Industry can oper j ele without their co-operation. I The list of essential Industries of the government is not limited to fac tories turning out war material alone, but incitad???after ship?, aircraft, mu nitions ?nd army and navy supplies? the Industrie? pertaining to fuel, food, clothing, railroads and public utili ties and collateral Industries which contribute to these, such aa tools, chemical?, feed? and twine, tin and raprr contslners. apd all raw mate rials and partly manufactured parts ?ra-hlch have to do with MMr-asaaafltc. ture of any of thee?, end many other j industries which have to do with the I normal living necessities of th? peo 'ple. F The industries which are regarded f as nonessential are in most cn.s^s ! producers of luxuries, whose output ! has already been curtailed and is to I be curtailed more and more. t". ?. < katmber (?-?serale?. j A committee of th? United Statea ! Chamber of Commerce. In conference with their representatives, has been ? advised of thia decision, and has j promised co-operation. The Chamber - has Issued a circular to ita membera ! advising them of the program. The War Industrie? Board has already ? classified the essential Industries. | The Fuel Administration accepted : that classification and the Labor De ? p?riment, on the eve of It? taking over the supply of unskilled labor and allocating It to the war Industries, has also accepted the classification. Later the United States employ ment Service will probably also take over the handling of skilled labor. "We did not do so at this time," says J. B. Densraore, head of tne bureau and member of the War Labor Policies Board, "because we did not i want to disturb industrial conditions too sharply, nor undertake all at once a Job that might break our backs. "Every manufacturer In the coun try should know by this time, from the rating given him by the War Industries Board or the Fuel Ad ministration, just what, his rankin?? Is In the eyes of the government aa a war essential. "Just on that basis he can figure hla labor supply," says Densmore. "There will be great shifts of m?n. Some employers will lose a fraction of their forcea; some will lose all. The United States will see that the war induatries are cared for first "Our organization is perfected in to every Stnte and elty. add It will be our policy to fill the war needs for labor from the immediate terri tory first. We will move out for men in circles and go no farther from the objective point than neces sary. \ Allocati?? Wet T et. "It -nigh*, eome to the point some time that we must allocate labor nb aolutely io Industry, assigning ?'iven mea to given Industries, but we do not sntlcipate it now. There should never be the need of telling a man he must work in a certain place or th?re will be no work for him. The prior ities program of the government should make .such orders unneces sary Only ?tth? necessary Industries ?rill have raw material? and fuel, and as the Industri?? from which we would have to move labor to meet the need? of the essential Industri;? will be closed for lack of material and fuel, their labor will he- free to be transferred to the more essential ] plants. "And If any of the nonessential in dustrie? which still may be permitted to operate try to steal men by out bidding the war industries, all we have to do Is arrange with the Fuel Administration to have their coal shut off." HISTORIC JEWEL PASSED ON. Empress Eugenie's Gift to Dr. Crane Willed to Relative. New Tork. July ?.?A Jewel, given by Empress Eugenie to Dr. Edwsrd Crane for his efflclrut and courageous aid tn her historical and marvelous escape from the Paris mob on September 4. 1870. was given to Elisabeth Crane, of Scars dale. N. T.. In the will filed today. of Dr. Crane's widow, Sarsh Gray Crane. Th? Jewel bad bean eel In a diamond and pearl bracelet. The will relatea that Dr. Crane "ac companied her (Empress Eugenie) to a haven of safety aboard ?h English yeacht off Dcauville. oa the1 coast ot rraaco," -v - WIRE CONTROL BILL REPORTED ON TO SENATE Measure Dealt with by Com mittee Without Hear ings Again. MAY ACT THIS WEEK Probability of Bill Passing Soon Predicted; Some For see Blockade. Defying the opposition, the Senate Interstate Commer?a Committee again yesterday reported out the trovernment telegraph and telephone ownership bill without granting hcaringa to anyone interested, ex 1 cept that President Carlt'on, of the ? Western Union, made a statement in the morning. There was bitter criticism last i night of tha committee action by ? many Senators, bat the majority uf | the committee hold? fast to the ar ! gument that the bill ahould be hur > ried through the Senate, and that ? lie an riga were not neceeaary. Make. WT.Irrlo?? Hints. Senator Smith, of South Caro lina, chairman of the committee, made mysterious hints that tbe wires were being used to aid enemy spies. ??Suppose." he said, "a U-boat lurking along our coast ahould re ceive a message from an uncontroll ed wire. I aay 'suppose.' But it mieht happen. "In a very short time there may come a development that will con vince the country that taking over these lines is the best thing that lias been done sine? the war be gan.'* The vote upon reporting the bill out was: For?Smith, Underwood, Saulsbury, Lewis, Poindexter, Myers, Thompson, 7; against?Gore, Po roerene, Kellogg, 1. AU of those voting are Democrats except Kel logg and Poindexter. The committee heard President Carlton In the forenoon. There was an executive session later on, and Senator Underwood moved to close the hearings and report the bill. Sen ator Pomerene objected, moving that Cabinet officers and Individual tele phone companies be heard. Sena tor _g*?r? jBt-rvetft/that the employes be""Wifin ~ "Both these motions "vrert defeated, aad the Underwood motion prevailed by the vote of 7 to 3. Iti?.ppr?te. IaadeBaltene??. Minority Senators in particular expressed themselves strenuously. One committee member who voted against the Underwood resolution called the action "high handed and autocratic." He, like some others, voiced earnest disapproval of giving the control of the wire? to ?ny un named person. "It will be Poatmaster General Burleson," he said, "and it means an extension of his present powers of censorship and espionage. It will be worse than ever." On? of the big fights made upon the bill will hinge upon the suppo sition that the Postmaster General will be in command. Desperate ef forts will be made to change the bill introduced by Senator Lewia of Illi nois, so that a commission of pres ent officials of wires will form th? control Instead of a cabinet. "Secre tary of Telegraph and Transporta tion." as the Senator suggested. Administration Senators hope the Mil will get through thl? week, out opponents, such a? Senator Cummins, of Iowa, predict a three weeks' block ade. Senator Smith said yesterday it "might take two weeks and It might pass before Friday night." Sen atar Penrose is credited with an intention to try to recommit the bill again today so that hearings will be forced. Monday he secured re committal on the parliamentary point that half of a majority of the com mittee had not pasaed upon the bill, but thi? was corrected yesterday when ten members attended the meeting. Caaatat I ?der.taad Fight. "I can't understand why this fight for hearings Is made on a resolu tion merely enabling the President to take over the lines," said Senator Smith' ' yesterday afternoon. "We didn't have any hearings on the bill enabling him to take over the rail roads. We passed that, and Liter came legislation dealing with the compensation, and so on. "After this, bill goes through. It is probable other legislation wilt be passed, just as in the case of the railroad?. "I ?hould not be surprised If In side of six weeks after thia resolu tion goes through the government has not selected what lines It wants." At this point a suggestion by the Senator again led to the deduction ! that the government wished to guard | against spies. I "It might be only a few linea," I he said, "leading into an enemy coun | try, but It ?would be necessary to link ? up the line* in this country with those lines. The subsequent legisla tion would have to be modeled after it was found what the President con sidered necessary for th? war needs." "Some of the prohibitionist? are charging the Interstate Commerce Committee with forcing this telegraph bill to the floor so that prohibition may be side-tracked," waa suggested to Senator Smith. "Well," he replied, "that Is absurd, but which is more Important, pro venting people from drinking whisky, or guarding the nation from Hun spies?" No Demand for He?rl?g.. The Senator said he Had not re ceived any demand for hearings; In fact, had received but two lettera, one from President Carlton and th? other from President Mackay, of th? Postal, and both related to compensa tion. Mr. Carlton told the committee ha executive ?easlon that the threatened strike by telegraphers was "nothing more than a bugaboo.-" He aald hi? employes were satisfied. Most of his time was taken up In explaining the technical aspects of hia company, such as capitalisation, physical valua tion and bonded debt He said he wa? itot convinced that government ownership of U>? wire? would prove ? tosse?*, j_ i ?t?, .. g?, .t,.?*?., Allies f?ave Taken 11,600 Prisoners Since July 1 Prisoners Dale. Operation by Location Taken. uly 9?French.Antfeuil . 450 uly 8?French .Ain? . 347 uly 7?Italians .Mt. Grappa. 51 uly 6?Italian* and French.Albani?. 1,000 u|y 0?Auttralians and Americans ,.. Somme . 200 uly 6?Iulisnt .Piave.;... 400 uly 5?French .Chatesu-Thierry . 30 uly 5?Italians ....y..-Piave. 419 uly 4?Australians and Americans. .. Hamel ., 1,500 uly 3?French.Autreches . 1.066 uly 3?Belgians.Flanders. 43 u]y 3_Italians.Piave. 1,900 uly 3?Italians.Mt. Grappa. 621 uly 3?French.Aisne . 457 uly 2?Italians.Mt. Grappa _ 569 uly I?American*. .Vaux . 500 uly I?French.Ourcq . 30 uly I?Itahant .Trentino . 2.000 uly I?British .Albert. 50 Total Pritonert. Jury 1 to July 9. ?.633 On July 5 it wat announced that since the arrest of the Ger man offensive on June 9 the allies had taken, 10,000 pritonert. "LET NATIONS BAR GERMANS FROM OFFICE" New Zealand Premier Has Cure for Hun Poison After War. London. July 9? ?G1?8? the door to the hidden h.in.'. Let no German or other ?Hen enemy hold political office in any of Um allied nation* when pe?ce com??. That i* an ef fective way to ?trike ?t the beert of Germany? scheme? for world dom-? Inatlon." Thl? was the warning issued today by Premier W. F. Masaey. of New Zealand. He addressed it to Amer ica and her allia?, ?pe?-.?jV Qraat Britsl?. and (he Dominion of ?Tastata Premier ??aseey U in Ixtndon to at tend session? of the Imperial War Cabinet . . "The hidden h?nd can Be blocked effectively. I believe, if ?Il Ut? aille* amend their naturalisation law? ?*ro hihlting Germans from occupying any position of public trust Although a German may emigrate to another country and become naturalized, he ?till la a ?abject of the Kaiser, under German law, unless he specifically notifie? the German government that he forswears the Fatherland. This permits a German to go through the formality of becoming 'naturalised' without surrendering fealty to Ger many ss interpreted by that govern ment. Block Hidden Hand. "Germany's hidden hand, working politically and In devious way?, i? thus able to do the junker?' will while masking as a naturalized pa triot. When peace comes, the ?Hies should be prepared to counteract this menace." Asked If he believed there should be economic and social oatraciam of Germans ?nd their allie? in Entente countries after the war. Premier Massey said he did not believe any law could enforce such treatment, the matter depending upon the ?in timent of the people in the various nations. Premier Massey, who arrived In England on a steamship carrying 2, 500 American troop? to France, said he never saw a better lot of soldier?. "They look like our English New Zealanders," he said. "When the Americana get the opportunity I ?m ?ure they will show qualities of the good old stock from which they came. Their keenness ?nd energy seem limitless. If all the American soldiers are like those on my ?hip the Kaiser will have to reconsider his reported expression that effective American participation tri the war 1? all bluff." JULY 14 HOLIDAY HERE? Celebration of French Fete Is Asked in Congress. Representative Isaac Seigel, of New Tork, can see no reason, since France celebrates our Fourth of July, why wo should not celebrate the French Day of Independence. July ; I. this date being the anniversary ot the taking of the Bastile. Ho introduced a bill In the House yesterday to make July 14 a legni holiday, thus putting It on a ptr with the Fourth sf July, which ts the anniversary of American Inde pendence. Fiance a few day* ?go celebrated our Independence Day as did England and Italy. BOLSHEVISTS THREATE NEW HUN ALLIANCE Moscow Government May Conclude Pact to Aid Foe with Men. Paris. July ?.?Th? Bolshevist government at Moscow, according to reliable dispatches late tonight. Is tthrestenlng to conclude an alliance arlth Germany and mobilise Rus sia'? man power againat the en tente. Aa the reault of the assassination of the Oerman Ambassador to Rus sia, Count von Mlrbach. Germany, It 1? reported, will d?m?nd paaaage too hot t(u?p? fey tray of Petrograd ta tha Murman Coast, th? Inhabi tant? of which the Bolshevikl are denouncing as friendly to th? si ile? Germany, It Is ?aid. will further demand control of Petrograd and Moscow. Th? Bolshevikl claim to have gained full control over th? social revolutionary movement which was unloosed in Moscow by the Mlrbach murder. Tbe revolutionaries are, however, itili entrenched In the mu nicipal theater. Tokla, July 9.?Caeo forces are rising against the Bolshevikl at many points along the trans-Siber ian railway, according to authorl tlve dispatches received here. Clashes between the Reds and the revolutionists are reported at Irk utsk. Nlchltst, and Haverovsk. Allied conaula at Vladivostok hnve been notified by the Csecho-Slovaks of the establishment ot a Siberian commissariat with Gen. Hurban, chief commissioner. HUN WRECKAGE ASHORE. Probably from "Mother Ship" of U-Boats Off U. S. Coast. New Tork. July (.Wreckage from a Germain raider, believed by some to have come from the "mother ship" of tbe boats which recently harraased the ?oaat near here was washed upon the shore at Rockaway Point, near Fort Tilden, and ha in the hand? of army officers. Six bombs and some rocket? were included in the wreckage, which led to the belief that the raider or "mother ?hip" had been sunk. The bombs bore instructions for use, printed In Ger man. They ?re six inches long and fear tn diameter and timed to explode 25 aeconds after being thrown "as far aa possible." LLOYD GEORGE LAUDS YANKS Sayt Impression from Seeing Men Strengthens Confidence. "London, July 9.?Speaking at a din ner given by member* of th? House of Commons tonight In honor of th? Rev. Dr. J. H. Jewett, who re turned recently from New York. Premier. Lloyd George said: "Has? th? war will go it Is Idle to predict Personally I have always been confident and am more confident today, for reason? which to enter here would be irre velan t. but one of the latest la the Impression made upon me by the Americans I ?aw tn France a few.days ago." Begin Your Thrift Buying Newspapers You can buy The Washington Herald for a penny whereas . .11 must pay 2 cents for any other paper in the city. Invest this penny a day in Thrift Stamps and you not only contribute to the support of the government but you lay the initiation for a tidy nest egg. When you buy The Washington Hcts?W you are buying a ? cr that does things?the paper that defeated: The Boriand Asseod.tr?.. That secured: I Raire* far Coserte?! Etasjoye?. That rai-vd: $350,000 in War Saving? Stamp Sale? m ??si-Ms, the District. "*4 CUT LUXURIES BY TAXATION, TREASDRYIDEA Sends Proposed List of Levies That Startle Congressmen. WASTE LIKE TREASON Jewels, Canes, Neckwear, Sweaters and Costly Clothes Are Hit. The Treasury Departiaent sent to th? Way? and ?leans Committee yes terday a list of "luzort?*" upon which It 1? recommended that heavy taxes be levied by th? new revenue 4-111. Included In the list ar? auto mobile?, clothing, household servants, jewelry, hotel bill?, sasoline, motion pictures, mtuicsi instrument? neck wear, cane* and fura Th* taxa* upon most of the artici?? r.imed In the list would be collected on retail ?ales The tax on gasoline would be paid by the wholesale deal er. It is fixed at 14 cents a gallon, while the automobile tax I? grad uated from tit to ISO, according to horsepower rating. "Waste and extravagance are akin to treason," ?ay? the Treasury De partment In proposing this radical method of raising revenue for the carrying on cf tbe war. "The retvl ?ales tax distinctly label? the taxsd article ?? a luxury and serves notice that the government'? ban is honest." Members of the committee were as tounded ?t some of the recommend t ttons made by the department It was frankly slated by avverai of the commfttecmen that many of the suggestion? as to taxable article? would not be seriously considered. What to Tax. Following is ths complete list ?ub imi ted by the department. (MORE) Fifty per cent on th? retail price ot Jewelry, including watches and clocks, except tho?? sold to army oncers Twenty per ceot on automobile trailer?, and truck unit?, motor cycle?, bicycle?, automobile, motor cycle ansi bicycle tire? ?nd musical Instruments. A tax on ?11 men'? ?tilts selling for more titan 1*0, hats over ft. shirt? over ft, p?)?mss over tl. hosiery over BS rent?, shoss over St, glove? over |2, underwear over St. and ?11 neckwe?r ?nd canes. Oa women's a over $40. coats over ft*, ready-, dresse? over S35. skirts over : s over 110, ?hoe? over $6. 11?. te ver IS, cor set? over |6, dre?? goods, silk, over $1.50 a yard, cotton over to centa a square yard, and wool ovar $! a square yard. All far?, boas and fan?. On children's clothing, suits over $15, cotton dresses over $t. linen dresses over $5, ?ilk and wool dresses over $8, hat? over ft, ?hoes over $4, and glove? over $2. Hesse KwrsUhlns?. On house furnish ins?, all orna I mental lamps snd fixture?, all table linen, cutlery, and silverware, chin? and cat glass, all furniture in set? ror which $.', or more is pstd for each piece, on curtains over $2 per yard, and oa tapestries, rugs and carpet? over $5 per square yard. On ?Il puises, pockelbooks, hand bags, brushes, combs and toilet ar ticles, and a.l mirrors costing over $-'? Ten per cent on the collections from the ?ale? of vending machines. Ten per cent on all hotel bill? amounting to more than $2.50 per person per day; also the present tax on cabaret bill? to b? made to apply to the entire restaurant or cafe bill, the present tax being 1? per cent. The following taxes to be collect ed from the manufacturer or pro ducer: Ten cents a gallon on all gasoline, to be paid by the wholesale dealer. Ten per cent tax on wire leases. The following taxes on soft drinks are suggested: Those now paying i centa a gallon, to pay M cents, those paying 8 cents to pay SO cents, those paying 10 cents to pay 40 cents, snd those paying 20 cents to psy tt centa Mineral waters now taxed 1 cent a gallon to pay It cant?. Chew ing gum now taxed t per cent of the selling price to pay on? cent on each five-cent package. MSvtstaT Pirtwrra. Motion picture ?how* and film?: Abolititi the foot tax of 1-4 and 1-2 cent a foot and double the tax rate on admissions and collect S per cent I of the rentals received by the pro ducer. Double the present tax on alco holic beverages, vlx: Distilled spirits now $3.20 per gallon. Increase to $1.40; fermented liquors. Increase from $3 per gallon to $6: wine, from 8 cents per gallon to It. Automobile?: a licerne tax on pas senger automobiles graduated ac cording to horsepower, as follows? 23 horsepower or lea?, $15: 24 to 30 horsepower, $25; 31 to 40 horsepow er, $40; over 40 horsepower, $50. Double the tax on club member ship dues. Household servants: Male, tt per cent of the wage* of one servant up to 100 per cent ot th* combined wage* of four or more; female ser vants, each family to have exemp tion from tax for one aervant; ?til additional female servant?, from 10 per cent to 100 per cent on all over four. The ?Utement from the Treasury Department pointed out that the ob ject of the propoaved taxes Is "not only to * raise revenue, but to dis courage wasteful consumption and unnecessary production." Fallow? Frsft????? Stsarsarse. It was noted by member* of the committee that tbe Treasury Depart ment'? recommendation? aa to what ihould be defined as luxuries for the purposes of taxation follow very closely the ?uggestlon? which were made to the committee recently by Prof. Oliver U. Sprague, of Harvard University. Th* committee spent all of yester day? ?s?*lon la gotas; ovar ths lis? bat reached no condutrlon aa to any of the .tastata. On* itatwrthiT of th* committee aald of Uta Hat: "It pro Tobacco Gas! Kaiser Uses Camphor Balls London, July t.?A strange new kind of gas used by tbe Gcrmsn? haa been identified aa being con tained in the fames of beech lem' le tacco. ? Wlthtau? our tobaaca." ava-tate a German twldier reoentlr to a member of the Reichstag, "w? would not hav? ?ucceeded " In connection with th? "tobacco ga?" 'Kail R?mer, the Kaiser's "star" pre?? agent, present? thl? edifying picture of his imperial master at th? front: 'There upon a hilltop In the rear stood he. calm snd heroic, a botti? pf eau de cologne In each hand. Kar away In the trenches his brave soldier? were ramming beech leave? late long stemmed pipea " "Draw deep, me boys (Meine jungen?)' ?aid tbe Kaiser, buring his face in a handful of camphor " 'Blow hard, tn honor of the fatherland. Tbe British front Is coughing ?nd cursing. That's the stuff to give them" (great laughter from the surrounding staff'." ' Tbe allie? have eAcious counter actanta. LABOR DEP'T. SHOWS ?P D.C. HIGH PRICES Lving Cost in Washington More Than Any Other American City. Average of prlcea of atable food? in Washington ia higher than any other city in the United States, ac cording to the June Bulletin of Prices and Cost of Living of the Department of Labor. The prlcea, which are averaged In two sectlona, take up the large citlea together aad then the small cltiea Several other interesting facts are deduced from the statis tica For instance, prices In the Western eitle? and In the ?mailer eltie? are much lower than in the Atlantic seaboard citlea, and In Washington. The price? are aver aged on the month from March 1? to April 15. Higher G? Its? riled. Some of tbe individuel ln?t?nee? where Washington prtota oattop any In th? United Stata? follow: Sirloin ?teak waa priced at 41c. I mill in Washington, tic. 7 mills in New Orleans and Sie. 1 mill In Portland. Oreg. Pork chopa are 40c. S mills here. JSc In Chicago and 31c. 6 mills in Minneapolis. Sliced hsm Is 4fc. 4 mills a pound here. 3*c 7 mills in New Tork. ?nd 14c. 8 mills in Newark. Eggs at 44c i mill? last Apr'l competed with I7c, 6 mill? in Mil waukee, and 2?c in Dallas. Tex. Butter at 54c ? pound here waa 46c In San Francisco, and 44c, k mills in Denver. Milk was 14c ? quart here and ldc-ln Milwaukee. Potatoes were 2 cents R mills a pound here, while they were 1? cents tal Seattle, Milwaukee and Denver, and a cent and a half at Portland and St. Paul. Onions here were 3 cents, t mills a pound, while they were : cent?. 4 mills at St. PauL Even the humble navy Van Is It cent? ? pound here, to 1*> cent? a pound in Cincinnati. T? Prette Lanciar???. Protests by the people of Washing ton against the high prices charged in the local lunchrooms and restau rant? will result in drastic regula tion of food prices In public eating places by tbe District food adminis tration. District Food Administrator Wilson yesterday announced that as a result of a conference held Monday night by the lunchroom committee of the administration a fair price li?t such aa is prepared for grocers will be put Into effect in lunchrooms and restaurants of the city. It 1? charged that the prlcea list ed in many of these place? are higher than In the big hotels in other localities in the country. Rank profiteering at the expense of the public Is the rule in the nis.Ji.uty of these places, it Is stated, and the expense falls on that part of the public that can least afford to pay these prlcea, namely the em ployes of the government snd busi ness houses of the city. Ksepl.yr. Hard Hit. Many of th? government worker?, brought to the city on work for the government that must be done and can only be done by them, have been forced to return to their homes, unable to Uve on tbeir sal ary in Washington. This will eventually result In a eerious Im pediment to the w?r program These people are willing and glad to stay, but conditions must be altered to the extent that they can exlat while In the city. The District Food Administration hss decided that action must be taken at once, and an Investigation will be begun at once into the ex isting condition? In the?? public eating placea It wa? the ?pinion of the committee. Monday night that the so-called "staple" lunchroom articles should be delt with first, coffee, pie, milk, sandwiches, etc -I s.srr slet' Pi Uta. | Mr. Wilson stated that he U con evinced that tbe Increased prie?? ch?rped are as a rule unwarranted and that the remedy ahould be ap plied aa quickly as possible. Complaints received at the office resulted In the arraignment of th? proprietor? of two of the lunch room? In the city before the local administration, on a charge of profi teering. The defense in ?ach case waa nnaatlafactory and th? decision la the eaa? Is held pending further action. The price list suggested will he basad upon th? price? charged for the food ?tuff, allowltag th? re?. tarant or lunchroom keeper a fair profit. This is tha plan followed la praparlng the prie? li?t for th? gtatjer? In th? cit|L The list ia ?up ?potgsd to control lie prie?? charged ALLIES HOLDING ADVANTAGE .. IN LULL j? Constant Raiding Opera? tions Bring Important Local Successes. FRENCH GAIN MILE ON 2 ? 2 MILE FRONT Sharp Blow Between Mont didier and the Oise Nets 450 Prisoners. ADVANCE IN ALBANIA ADMITTED BY VIENNA Sunday's Success on Italo-Frer-ck Front Brought 1.300 Captive*. Q uiet Reign? in Italy. The lull in the West with h? constant raiding operation? occa sionally marked by infantry ad vance on a large ?cale, the allies holding the initiative throughout, continued yesterday. Eearly ia the morning the French struck a sharp local blow between Wont didier and the Oise, the central sector of the German semi-circu lar front facing Paris. They made an i,8oo meter gain on a four kilometer front (two and A half miles) to the west of An theuil, some six miles northwest of Compiegne, capturing a couple of farms and taking 450 prisotrers including fourteen officers. Tank? again served the Poilus in good stead That wat the only outstanding infantry action recorded up to late Tuesday night, the operations iur the rest being confined to minor enterprises such as raids, m which Voth the French and Brit ish took prisoner?. Aa.trta?. Take, br Stararla?. Details ot the Italo-French advino? in Albani* Suida?- abo?? that tW Austrian troop? were taken cotnplettt ly by surprise ?nd lost MM in prison er? alone. The Yienn? w?r office ad mitted Frehch saina alone the ?? per Devoti, and added thit tbe Italiaa advance toward the Yejutsa continue?. In tbe Italiaa front thins? are com paratively ?rttieL Repon? ?r? per sistent in the prediction of sai early resumption by the Austrisn? of their attempt to force a decision on tost theater thia year. Rumor has it that there Is widespread opposition in the dual monarchy to the plan to bare a German ?renerai in charge of th? whole Italian front. Nothing haa come through lately that nugbt serve aa a confirmation of tbe recent Berlin report that Gen. Otto von Below haa been appointed Teuton generalissimo in Italy. It i? therefore probaN? that the decision ba? been read tided ia view of Austrian protest. AUTO-PHONE SHOULD ADD TO BUSINESS Installation Would Increase Calls, Expert Contends. That the installation of the auto matic telephone system in Washing ton would Increase the number of ?all? lier day Is the belief ef Dr. Y A. Wolff, of the Bureau of Standard?, who testified at the heal ine before the Public rtllities Commiei.-u.n s<? terday, to determine whether the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company should be given temporary relief to meet increaeed burden? aaad to be brought on by the war. Dr. Wolff stated that In Urn?. Ohio, where the automatic system is in use. there are approximately lei.iMt nations. These station? have about Se.CO?) originatine calls per day-?? average of ?bout eight calls per sta tion a day. In Waahington. when the manual system is tn use, the ?v erage 1? about four call? per station per day. Mala latrate Sidetracked. The session yesterday touched on only a few phases of th? Investiga tion, sa-ad the main issue a? to tha practftan^ty of installing automatic t?l?phones In Washington waa not A report recently Issued by the Bu reau of Standard* showed that Waah ington had a lower av?ra*? ta tele phone call? per day than eoaaparad with any city In the United Stata?. The figure? showed that the avcrac? call rate par day In Philadelphia tas*? 4.8: Baltimore, AM; New Tori-?, t: Pltsburgh, AM: Beaten. &.***, aad Baa Frtvnciaco. 6.G. who? Washington'? ratio wa? bot IX The ratio of mat tat? call? to total ?all? origin??!-*? In busy hoars of ?service I? decrtaaatng. ?cctardltag to th? arubtaaitUd report. Ia UK tha percent age ratio wa? 14.1; MS?, l?.*, aad I? 1M7. 11L ?aat-ttasr ?? Certas??. Tb? ht-artnc waa la ??t?-??*???? all day aad atathta? la neat?! to th? iquealit-tna a?k?d th? eaupany by th? Public Uttlltl?? wtak biough- ta light oa ?djetaj-auneut, lat? yctatar?