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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, July 11, 1918, Image 1

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Food Will Win the War ^-Profiteers Will Lengthen It
YOJ MUST RE^lD
A MORNWG NEWSP.APER
TO LEtARN THE
LATEST WAR DEVELOPMENTS
SECURE YOUR HELP FROM
THE HERALD WANT AD
COLUMNS.
PHONE MAIN 3300.
NO. 4276.
WEATHER-PARTLY CLOUDT.
WASHINGTON. D. C. THURSDAY. ?JULY 11, 1918.
ONE CENT &?
DENY BEER MAKERS
USE OF COAL; DRYS
SCORE IN CONGRESS
Fuel Heads Order Curtail
ment of Supply, as
Nonessential.
BEER FOR 6 MONTHS?
Beverage May Be Manufac
tured Till Materials on
Hand Run Out.
A serious blow to the manu
facture of beer has been struck in
th? United States, not by prohi
bition action in Congress but by
an order from the Fuel Adminis
tration, acting with the Food Ad
ministration and the War Indus
tries Board.
There may be beer in the coun
try for six months to a year
longer, but after that none until
the fuel situation improves, prob
ably none until the close of the
'war. After that it will be up to
Congress.
And with the passing of beer
will go all the near beer, the malt
extracts and other imitations made
from cereals. The order is not a
prohibition measure in any way.
A C????riall?a ???
It la a concertation proposition, and
tbe flrst 100 per cent restriction on
? nonesaential industry. It will free ?
the great stocks of coni hart I-?- '.-.?
cereal beverage people fo ? war In
dustries, the huge r -.??ties of their
cereals for strictly food uses snd
Lheir employes for work In essential
industries.
It trill be followed by other 100 per
c?nt restrictions from th? Fuel Ad
ministration against nonessential in
dustries, in each ease with the co
operation of the War Industries
Hoard and. where food materials ?re
?taraccrned, of the Food Administra
tion. And in each case th? I*. S.
employment Service will step in to
i-Mrect th? future employment of the
'men thrown out of work b* the
shut? down.
H?w Rr.vter? ar? Hit. I
The brewer? had recently completed
a voluntary agreement with the Fuel
Administration by which they would
operate on a 50 per cent basis, getting
hslf tbelr normal supply of coal.
By the new order they will be per
mitted to operate on this basis until
they have used th? materials in pro?
already manufacturd. ?Aftr thia is
cess of manufacture. Including malt
already manufactured. After this is
exhausted no more coal for them,
which means no more beer nor near
btaer.
Estimates on their present sup
ply of manufactured malt run from
six months' supply to ten months.
The cereal supplies of the near
beer? will not last so long-, ?nd the
dry ?tate? where near her Is per
mitted will be out of that beverage
before the wet states are out of
beers.
"This Is merely another step In
the program of curtailment of non
war Industries." said Fuel Admin- !
Istrator Garfleld. "The program was .
begun several months ago and Is |
necessary In order that coal may be
immediately delivered to war Indus- ?
trie? and to sections of the country
remote from the mines."
The brewery Industry consumes
about 3.100.noo ton? of coal a year.
Much of this will be deflected to
New England, which gets most of Its
cosi by water and whose water ship
ments are at this time far behind
schedule.
A reorganisation of the Newport
News shipbuilding methods will per
mit th? handling of ?n additional
1.UW.000 tons s month, Dr. Oarfleld an
nounced this week. Thl? coal will
tike up part of that alack, and the
Railroad Administration reports that
yo more cars a day can be passed
through the New England gateway.
Much of thi? will come from the coal
freed from the breweriea. The New
England waterways ar? closed by
winter and the supply must be forced
in there before the heavy frosts.
Aal? Waking Rrdneed.
Investigation of other non-essential
industries is being made with a view
io their coal, material and labor cur
tailment. The automobile Industry
has been put on a S per cent basis
by a 75 per cent coal curtailment,
and a committee composed of C. H.
Woolley. Edward Ch?mbers. Pierre
non? ?. Noyes. Theodore F. Whit
*nar?h. avnd Edwin B. Parker, of the
Priorities Board, and Prof. Edwin F.
day, statistician. Is to report further
urtailment of othe non-essential in
dustri?? to the Prioritle? Board, which
will advise the various administrators
who will lasue the curtailment orders
in their departments.
EDGAR WALLER KILLED
BY H0TELASH HOIST
Edgar Waller, a 28-year-old eol
>rtvd man living at hjj t ?treet
northwest, and employed aa a roust
about In the engineer's department
?f the Hotely Raleigh., waa caught
between the ash hoist and sidewalk
aa the Twelfth street side of the
noua? about 4 o'clock yesterday ?f
? rnoon, aad crushed to death.
John G. Sherwood, of 715 Seventh
?trtMt southwest, siso an employe
Tt the hotel, who discovered Waller
.??? after the accident happened.
-elaaaed him from the ash holut and
otlfled the Emergency Hospital,
vhich had him taken there aa soon
a? possible, but ha w?s pronounced
'??d by th? hospital doctor when
?? ambulance arrived.
Eatfafc Wi
Liverpool. July 1?.?Half the fore
m?n. charge hands and gauger? in !
?a etttrlneering work? here aaaklng '
ll-pouadar ?Bell? and J-inch Stokes I
bomb? ara wom?a. * _
Senate Votes Issue Germane
to Food Stimulation
Measure.
CHAIR IS OVERRULED
Saulsbury's Decision That
Prohibition Be Held
Over Defeated.
Prohibitionists gained a decisive
victory in the Senate late yester
day afternoon. By a vote of 36
to 33 the Senate overruled its pre
siding ocer who had declared the
prohibition amendments were not
germane to the Food Stimulation
bill. His decision meant that pro
hibition would have been shelved.
Dry forces obtained most of
their votes from the Democrats,
and wets from the Republicans.
At once the prohibitionists will try
to drive through the Senate the
bone-dry amendment attached to
the Food Stimulation bill, which
is under discussion. It is very
generally believed that prohibition
will win.
Vete Ipee Rallng.
The Senate line-up on the vote
upon the ruling of the chair was
as follows:
Afrai*>.t sustaining the chair:
i'emocrats: Asnurst, Bankhead,
Beckham, Bcnat. Chamberlain,
Fletcher, Henderson, Kendrlck, Mc
Kellar. Myers, Nugent, Overman.
Pettman. Shafroth. Sheppard, Shield!?'.
Smith of South Carolina, Thompson
Trammel!, Vardaman, Walsh?twenti
ene; Republicans: Borah, Colt. Certa?,
Fernatd. Hale, Jones of Washington.
Kenyon, Lenroot, Nelson, Norris.
Potndexter. Sherman. Smith of Michi
gan, Sterling, Sutherland?fifteen.
Total, thirty-six.
For sustaining the chair:
Democrats: Gerry. Gore, Hitchcock,
Jones of New Mexico, King, Lewis,
Martin, Phelan, Pomerene, Ransdeil,
Reed, Simmons, Smith of Arizona,
Smith of Georgia. Smith of Maryland,
Swanson, Vrsderwood, Wolcott ?
eighteen: Republicans: Baird. Brande
tee, Calder. France. Frelingbuy.?-ei,
Harding. Johnson of California. Kel
logg. Knox, New. Penrose, Smoot.
Wadeworth. Warren, Watson?fifteen.
Total, thirty-three.
Wets, fearful of the result of
the prohibition campaign, began to
organize their defense last night.
One of their plans, they said, wa*
to try to force the hill for govern
ment control of telegraphers and
telephonea to the floor. This would
sidetrack prohibition for the time
being, and the wets hope that when
the Wire Control bill has been dis
posed of a recess may be taken.
The "wire control" hill was not
taken up yesterday. Senator Pen
rose, of Pennsylvania, obpected to
Its consideration, and it went over
until today, when Senator Smith, of
South Carolina, chairman of the
Interstate Commerce Committee, will
endeavor to have it discussed.
The prohibition amendment now
pending prescribes ?topping the
manufacture of beer and wine after
November 1. 1918, and the sale of
beer, wine or wliisky, after Janu
ary 1, 1919. This is the "perfected"
-Morris amendment, recently authori
zed by the Agricultural Committee.
Immediately after the vote was
taken yesterday. Senator Phelan, of
California, moved to strike a-ine
from the law. He read a statement
from the California Viticultura!
Commission, saying if the sale of
wine was limited to January 1, Cali
fornia crape-growers alone would
lose $14.000,000, and that no wine
manufacturer would buy grapes or
make wine for the present season.
"The amendment simply amounts
to confiscation of the grape crop,"
said the Senator, who will continue
his fight today.
Long Technical Debate.
There was a long technical debate
yesterday on the parliamentary situa
tion which finally resulted In 'the
vote. It wa? on motion of Senator
Penrose yesterday that Senator Sauls
bury. the presiding officer, yesterday
decided that the prohibition amend
ments constituted general legislation
imposed upon a general legislation
bill?which Is against the Senate
rules. Senator Jones, of Washing
ton, appealed from the ruling of the
chair. He and Senator Sheppard, of
Texas, author of the Rational Prohi
bition Amendment, led the dry bat
tutone.
It Is understood that Senator Sim
mons, chairman ot the Senate Fi
nance Committee, will object to
prohibition on the ground that it will
cut government war revenue? to a
huge extent.
MOST BOMBED CITY.
Dunkirk Has Had Hunt' Attenti-.n
from Land, Sea and Air.
Dunkirk, July 10.?This city on the
north seacoast of France holds th?
record of having been bombarded
from land, aea and air. It haa re
ceived bomb? from airplanes, torpe
does from dirigibles, shells from
German destroyers and projectiles
from 4-Inch guns. The number of
alarm? up to July 4 totalled 400.
They conaiated of alarm? without
projectiles reaching the city, 211;
alarm? followed by air bombard
ment. ISt; land bombardments, 23;
sea bombardments, 4, and dirigible
bombardment, a.
Leaden Zoo Hit Hard.
London, July 10.?The w*r ha- lilt
the London zoo hard. Only two ele
phants are left la It, three having
die?! in the last two year*. It 1?
impossible to replace them until
aftwr th? war. Other anlnial? have
suffered heavy casualties, but the
?00 ?till retains It? hold on public
favor.
RUSSIA?THE BATTLEGROUND OF THE WORLD!
? The world war may be fought to a finish on the plain* of Russia. Germany and the allies are getting?
ready to re-establish the Eastern front Thia map show? the Russian military situation aa it exi?t? today,
? Here 1? the explanatory key:
1. At Kola American. French and British marines are in control, forming the neucleus of what may be
, a great allied army which will march on Petrograd.
2. In Finland the pro-German White Guard government la preparing to advance on the Murman railroad
and capture Petrograd, aided by a German army.
3. German troopa are mobilizing west of Moscow for occupation of tbe country. There are more than
' 300,000 German/ troops in the vicinity.
4. An army of Armenians haa surrounded Baku, In the Transcaucaslsn republic, and la preparing to re
I take it from the Turk?.
5. A Czecho-Slov?k ?rmy la marching to the Caspian Se? to relieve the Armenians.
6. Between Cheliabinsk and Tomsk the ?Jsccho-Muvaks have wrested control of the Trans-Siberian rall
I road from th? Bolaheviki.
7. Ten thouseand German and Austrian troop?, former prisoner* of war, are fighting the Czecho-Slovak
j troop? ?t Irkutsk. ?
8. Gen. Semenoff. In command of an army of Cossacks and antl-Bolshevlkl, has driven the Bolshevik!,
; aided by Germans, back near Chita.
9. Vladivostok, captured by the Czecho-Slovak?, where American, British and Japanese marine? ar? help
ing them to maintain order.
RUSSIAN INTERVENTION CRUX
COMPLICATED BY NEW EVENTS;
TREATY NOW SCRAP OF PAPER
^.-LitoYsk Pact Nullified
in Germans' View by As
sassination of Mirbach.
Kaiser Will Throw Army
ai 500,000 in Scale.
London, July 10.?Who wins Rus
sia wins the war.
The assassination of Count von
Mirbach, German ambasador to the
Bolshevikl, affording the Germans
an excuae for renewing the conquest
i of Russia, has brought the ?Ules
face to face with this great truth.
Russia is on the eve of its most
tremendous disaster?more menac
ing from the viewpoint of the en
tente than the fall of the ciar or the
I ascendency of the Bolsheviki. That
?disaster is the occupation by the
Germans of the greater portion of
European Russia.
The Brest-I.itovsk peace treaty
is about to become In fact what it
always was in theory?a mere
"scrap of paper."
The Kaiser is preparing to throw
an army into Russia to aeize by
force of arms what he now controls
by diplomatic action?complete au
thority over the stricken people.
Will Caaae Aille? to Act.
If he succeeds, his success will
constitute a world menace for years,
before and after the war ends.
The great question now Is, will the
entente permit him to succeed?
President Wilson and the allied war
council have agreed that some action
must be taken In Russia to cope with
the German menace. Now that
menace has crystallized Into a direct
threat by the Kaiser to take Petro
grad and Moscow, It is likely that the
allies will strain every nerve to get
an army into Russia at once to fight
th? Huns.
It can be thrown in from two sides
?the far northwestern coast, where
there already is a small force of
American. French and British ma
rines, and the eastern coast, where
Japanese and American marines have
been landed at Vladivostok.
Awaits Wllaon'o Ward.
Japan fs said to be waiting only for
President Wilson to say the word be
fore landing an Immense army at
Vladivostok to proceed alon gthe
Trans-Siberian railway Into the heart
of Siberia. This force, in conjunction
with the Czecho-Slovak army now
operating at various points in Siberia,
would be the uucleus of a vast Anglo
American-Japanese army, which
could keep Siberia, at least, out of
the hands of the Huns,
national pastime as nonessential
Griffith clan that means the Na
All the way from Lewtston, Me.,
knife. Is hovering all around to
wlll be hastened in handing down
It Is believed In London that Presi
dent Wilson will now give his con
sent to the Japanese campaign In
view of the Immediate peril of a Ger
man Invasion of Russia.
On the other side of Russia another
front win probably be established, ex
tending from Kola, on the Arctic
coast, south to Petrograd and event
ually to Moscow.
To tight the Germans on this front
a big army will have to bo landed,
for it is here that the German men
ace is greatest,
500,000 Haa? Ready.
The Teutons are rapidly mobilising
a huge force about 300 miles west of
Moscow, according to latest authenti
cated reports, and this force will
march Into Ruscsla In conjunction
with another great army which will
advance from Finland along the Mur
?nen railway and attack Petrograd.
Germany, foreseeing ? year ago
that an army would some day como
in handy on the Russian front, has
kept about thirty-live divisions, or
nearly 100,000 men. in Russian Po
land ready for such an emergency.
Another army of from 40,000 to ?0,
000 men has been sent to Finland.
A third large army is in the Ukra
ine. Thus the Kaiser has ?n army
of nearly 600,000 men ready to
strike.
This emphasizes the need for ri
mediate action .on the part nf <he
?illies. Unless aggressive measurta
are adopted without loss of time
Mostow and Eetro?r?d wiU hav?
Russia Still Ally
Of Entente Powers,
Says French Senate
Paris, July 10.?Russia will
still be considered an ally of the
entent? powers by th?
Foreign AffisJr? Committee of
the Senate, ?according to an 0b
nouncement made by the presi
dent of the committee today.
The committee waa unanlrratus
ly agreed upon this point, asid
the president in hla statement,
made at the conclusion of a
meeting at which Alexander
Kerensky was willingly aub
Jected to a lengthy cross-ex
amination with a view to ob
taining further light upon the
Russian situation.
Kerensky declared at the cut
set of his conference with the ?
committee that he had come to
Prance not aa a politician but
is a private citizen, anxious to
serve his country. He described
the present situation in Russia
ut great length ami with much
detail, indicating the measures
which he regarded aa best for
the allies to take.
M. Barthou asked Kerensky a
series of leading questions. The
Russian ex-premlcr'a replies
sere not published.
folien to the Germans and their
hordes will have penetrated far into
the heart of Russia.
If this comes to pass, an allied
army advancing southward from Kola
Bay would be completely cut off on
all sides except the Arctic Ocean.
With the Finns on the west, the
Germans to the south and the White
Sea to the east, it would have to
cut its way through to Petrograd
or retreat to Its base at Kola
Aille? Have i-'oothol.l?.
The present situation with respect
to the allies is illustrated on the
map accompanying thia article. It
shows that the allies are not entirely
without some footholds in Russia,
particularly in Siberia.
The Russian people, even the pa
thetic remnant of the Russian army,
are intensely anti-German, and it
ia likely that they would rush to the
aid of the allies immediately the lat
ter assume the aggressive against
the Germans In their torn land.
This would re-enforce the allied
armies to an extent which can only
be guessed at, but undoubtedly thia
? factor ligures in the plans of the
? allies.
The Czecho-Slovak army. In con
| junction with allied marines, co*
? trol Vladivostok and several stretch
! es of the trans-Siberian railroad.
j Between Vlasivostok and Irkutsk a
> body of anti-German Russians un
! der Gen. Semenoft Is lighting the
Polsheviki. They, too, can be
counted on to join the allies.
Kven the Polea are in arms
? ? gainst the Huns, reports having
it that two army crops of them
hav? Joined the Czechs.
greek Caterer hit
on head with pute
George Koutsos, proprietor of a
?Greek lunchroom at 704 ? street,
! northeast, last evening-was struck
? over the head with a plate by Jerry
: Pratt, one of hla colored cooks, aad
1 had to be hurried to the Casualty
Hospital for treatment.
It wa? found that Koutsos wa*
suffering from a severe cut on the
head which required sevrai stitches,
but that hi? Injuries were ajjt ser
ious, and he returned to htsWristab
liehment after being treated, with
out making any atatement as to the
cause of trouble, except to ?ay that
he waa hit as he was leaving th?
kitchen.
A warrant was sworn out for the
rook's arrest on a charge of assault
with a dangerous weapon.
Profiteers belong to an autocracy
rather tHan a dtunocracjr.
Latest Advices, Conflicting.
May Delay Decision on
Action by United States.
Wilson Confers with
Afane. Botchkarova.
WMMMA
latest advice? from Russia and Si
bil ia received here yesterday are so
conflicting that sn Imm?diat? decision
on the policy to be pursued by the
United States appears highly Im
probable. Although it Is recognized
that President Wilson is anxious to
reach an early solution to th? prob
lem, it appears that new difference.-, of
opinion among his advisers resulting
from the developments of the last
twenty-four hours cannot be adjusted
for at least several daya.
Th? President yesterday discussed
the problems of Russia a-ith Mme.
Marie Botchkarova, leader of tbe
"Battalion of Death," who, during the
control of the Kercnsky party was a
leader in the effort to prevent the col- I
lapse of the eastern front, which fol- I
lowed when the Bolshevist party
seized control of the government. The
President tlso met yesterday with the
members of the War Cabinet. It Is
understood that matters relating al
most entirely to Industrial and mili
tary affairs ss they affect present op
erations of the army were discused.
Keonornle Ml.aio. Derided.
It was established today that
?'resident Wilson had resolved to
send an economic mission to Siberia
The United States mission will be
accompanied by other missions rep
resenting Great Britain, France and
Japan. The number of armed guards
to be ?applied by the nations send
ing missions. Is yet undecided.
Should President Wilson decide
that a small armed force only Is
needed, his plan will be enthusiasti
cally supported by the allies. The
strong faction which has frankly
declared that a strqng military ex
pedition I? essential to the success
of any plan for giving aid to Si
beria is confident that Its plan must
be adopted sooner or later, and is
anxious to see any steps taken, even
if it Involves only the use of a small
force. They argue that once an al
lied armed guard la placed In Siberia
developments will quickly follow
which will encourage the allies to
bring to bear a powerful army.
It Is growing more and more ap
- parent, however, that compromise
of the counter contentiona G? re
gard to action which may be taken
In Northern Russia will prove a
very difficult task. It Is admitted
by those favoring a peaceful pene
tratiti to the east of Petrograd
Into the region of the Csecho-Slav
people that no effective Eaetern
front could be maintained there un
less the allied forces moved at least
300 miles south of Archangel. Al
though the harbor of Archangel
waa kept open by Ice rams until
January In the winter of 1916-17,
great store? would have to be land
ed at the port. Such stores, and
the men needed for an expedition,
would necessarily be taken from
shipment? and forces originally da?
tincd for the Western front.
Although the allies appear agreed
that efforts to aid, Siberia should
be made at once, even If a large
armed force is necessary, they are
not at one in supporting a plan
avhlch would tend to weaken the
Western front. Those opposing the
proposed Archangel penetration hold
that they favor the Siberian plan
because tb? manpower necessity
for th? latter could be applied large
ly by the Japanese.
Th? memorandum presented to
th? Japanese foreign minister and
the Allied Ambaasadors in Tokio
by Col. .Vladimir Hurban, on be
half of the Czeclio-Slav National
Council was invited, it ? understood
here. < The memoradum aet forth
that the Creche-Slav units were
working under plan of the council
which stated that they were to pre
ce??] to the. Western front. It was
pointed out that an agreement with
the National Council would be
necessary if the C"x?teho-81?v force?
now In Siberia weae to be given
new orders directirV them to aid
any estorta to be mad? by th? al
ItaaV-aWi'?*?? ?? ' .-.^
PROFITEERING
MOVES CLERKS
TO LEAVE D. C.
Department Chief Phones
Federal Employes He
May Lose Twenty.
FOOD AND RENT REASON
Drastic Action Demanded
From Control Heads in
Washington.
Constant complainte of profiteer
ing coming into the National Fed
eration of Federal employes' head
quarters have made drastic action
by that body imperativ? for the
war worker? in Washington.
A committee with a "punch" ??
to be appointed at once, according
federation, to call on Federal Food
to Thomas Quinn, secretary if th?
Administrator Hoover, Local Ad
ministrator Wilson and Secretary!
Houston of the Department of Agri,
culture in an attempt to get action ?
on the resolution sent to them a
day or so ago. The committee will
act at once and vigorously, if no '
answer is forthcoming from the first ,
appeal.
The committee 1? not yet named. '
but it will consist of officers of the .
union and other? interests??.
Clerks Trarr???? ts Leave.
The situation la becoming crucial i
with the union. For instance, a |
chief clerk of on? of the depart
ments called up the Fetleral em
ployes' headquarters a day or so
ago. Twenty of hi? employes had
told him that If they did not re
ceive aid in the food and rent sit
uation they would have to leave the
city.
The rent situation Is still far from
satisfactory, according to Mr. Quinn. !
Abnormal prices are being charged |
for rooms and houses, and the mat- <
ter is not strslghtened out, in spite
of rumors to the contrary.
The methods employed with the !
food situation are to be applied to !
the congestion aituatlon aa well. The ?
matter will be dlacusaed and action j
taken at the regular meeting of the :
Federation next Sunday afternoon at
the Masonic . Temple, Thirteenth '
street and New Tork avenue north
west.
The matter Is to be put through
and satisfaction received as to why
the Labor Department does not carry
forward the housing operations
which they began some time ago.
Meat Inquiry Vwdrr Inquiry.
Drastic recommendation? will be
made to the District Food Adminis
tration by the committee appointed
to investigate the prevailing high
prices of meat in the rtall markeis.
Constant compiai..ts of the exorbi
tant prices charged by local dealers
resulted in the appointment of this
special committee to handle the ques
tion more than eix month? ago.
Investigation has shown that In
moat cases the prices were absolutely
unwarranted, and that rank profiteer
ing eexiated In many of the local meat
markets. Reports made by the com
mute are expected materially to
assist In reducing the present prices.
It was stated yeeterd?y at the ad
ministration that one of the recom
mendations would be that meat be
placed on the fair price list, preiared
semi-weekly at a conference be
tween the food administrator and lo
cal grocer?. The placing of meat
quotations on this list would also
bring the price? of meat more direct
ly under the control of the authorities
Titr?e Batter? Citas.
The Food Administration snnounced
yesterday that three Washington bak
ers would appear before the Food Ad
ministrator tomorrow to answer
charges of violating the baking regu
lations.
One baker ia apt to lose his license
and be forced to close his business
until permitted to reopen by the au
thorities. He is accused of failure to
observe the wheat substitute regula
tions and of making false statements
In reports required regularly by the
Food Administration. He has ap
peared before the Administration ?ev
ersi times before on the same charge,
and at the last hearing was warned
that at his next offense hi? license
would be revoked and bis business
closed. It Is probable that the busi
ness? will be closed for only a short
time.
The two ortender? ara charged with
using more than Uta amount of wheat
flour permitted by the baking regula
tions. On? baa' admitted that he has
been using only 17 per cent wheat
?ubetitutes. when Ute law calls for
*5 per cent, The three coat* will be
judged by Food AdrainUtratur Wil
? ? " . " -w
H?N CHASSEURS
MOWN DOWN
BY YANKS
Attempt to Cross Dam on
Marne Frustrated by
Machine Guns.
MUSTARD GAS SHELL
USED BY AMERICANS
Enemy Troops Forced to
Wear Masks for 48
Hou
rs.
GERMAN ARTILLERY
ACTWE IN FLANDERS
Considerable Gunfire in Regions of
Locre and Hinges, Also Around
Morlancourt.
With the American Army on the
Marne, July 10.?A German jaeger
division (chasseurs) has been
placed in the front opposite the
American lines east of Chateau
rhierry. Several jaegers, clad in
.he distinctive green uniform, at
tempted to cross the dam on the
V?ame south of Mont St. Pere, but
he American machine gunners, al
ways on the alert, swept the dam
with fire, frustrating the enemy en
terprise.
The Americans have fired sev
eral thousand mustard gas shells
across the river in the last forty
eight hours, causing the Germans
to wear gas masks continually .
BRITISH TAKE PRISONERS.
London, July IO.?The Germa?
jns displayed considerable ac
city during the day in Flanders.
? the regions of H ing?s and
ocre, as well as around Mor?an.-.,
Hirt, south of Albert. Prisoners
id machine guns were taken by
te British last night in a raid
ound Morris, Field Marshal
aig's night report states.
Period of Inactivity
Neaiing an End.
Oen. Perching:, tn hts communique
of July 9. made public by the War
Department yesterday, reporte "ex
cessive troop movement?*' in the
German rear areas opposite many
of the American position*, in Krai?.*-?-.
Another indication of the gather
ing storm is the increased ?erial
activity of the Germans durine the
past few days. On July & and C.
Gen. Pershing reported, "enemy -iir
planes flew over the American lines
In great nur.bers in the Chateau
Thierry region."
London and Paris dispatches acre?*
that the period of inactivity jn the
West front ia about to end, and
LudendorfTs la*t bid for a decision
this year is expected momentarily.
The heaviest Krupps and tfkude*
flared into sudden violence Tues
day night in Pie-irdy, to the east
of Villers-Bretonneux. between ten
and twelve miles from Amiens. The
bombardment was gradually ex
tended all the way to the Ancre.
Today, however, big gun boom
in? berr?n on an enirely different
sector, namely Flanders. The trte-g
centered around Marri? and Hing?*s.
Bursts of artillery activity of more
than usual strength also were re
ported from Albert. Thus the pre
liminary stage of a great offensive,
the process of keeping tlie oppon
ent guessing as to the sector where
the blow would be struck, bv a suc
cessive hammering of all the vital
I secments, appears to be under way.
For Americans, special interest
? attaches to the German cannonml
? ing east of Villers-Hrenneux. It was
; here that Australian contiger.ts. aid
ed by Americans, captured It aniel
village and two woods last week,
and it is more than likely that the
I German High Command plans ?tome
sort of "punitive" action.
Major Tiff-ant rr Actions Rare.
Meanwhile the only Infantry action
of a major scale during the last few
days has been the Frvftnpo-I tallan ad
j vanee in Albania. Their procress still
j continues according to later dispatches
land important strategic*?! positions
have been taken by storm, the Aus
I trian defense being exceedingly weak.
; The concensus of milita*** observers'
; opinion Is that the chief object o
| this offensive movement is to keep the
| Austrian? pinned on that front at a
; time when reinforcements are sorely
needed in Italy for carrying out the
I new drhre, said to have been ordered
by Berlin.
KODAKS ON BOATS ILLEGAL.
Daniels Issues Order Affecting
Waters Hereabouts.
Secretary of th? Navy Daniel?, lia?
Issued an order prohibitinc the use ol
kodak, or other photographic camera?
on pleasure, escuralon and other craft
operatila?; in the a-ater oft??? Fifth
Naval District, which tncludea th?
hartaor of Wa? h ? nation, l'otoma?
River ?ua?i the Cheo-apeake Bay.
Priso.eri Get More Bread.
Bern?, July 10.?fnder the recenl
Krant-o-tlermen aa-reement for ex
chance, of prisoners, a previsi?n a ?
mad? providing for aa ine
bread ?llowance. Freiaeh and Bel
aflan prisoner? ?re to receive ? dalli
bread ration of one-half pound
which ts three ounce? more than thi
new civilian ration tta Germany, la
return for thi?, the ?Irrinan? ii
France will cet a bread ration o
JUNKERS WIN
HUN FOREIGN
OFFICE 1
Non-Prussian Von Kuehl
mann Out, Von Hintze
May Succeed Him.
SOCIALISTS ARE ASKING
DEITNITIONOFPOUCT
Crisis Grave as Militarists*
Victory Arouses Bitter
National Debate.
VON HERTLING, CHANCELLO?.
SITS UNEASILY AS PREMIE?
Out from Incipient Chaos, Lucien
do rff May Emerge Admitted a?
Well at Actual Dictator.
London. July 10? .Admiral von
Hintze, German ambassador to
Norway, has been appointed sec
retary of state for foreign affairs,
it wat officially announced in Ber?
lin late today, according to an un
confirmed dispatch via Amsterdam.
A German wireless message later
tonight confirmed that Kuehlmann'?
resignation had been accepted.
The nomination of Admiral voti
Hintze, however, seems to be, to
far, a "newspaper nomination." No
official news regarding Kuehlmann's
successor had come from Berlin up
to a late hour.
STORM IN REICHSTAG.
A storm broke in the Reichstag
when Vice Chancellor von Payer,
ilOxsird noon today, definitely an
!0?V
promptly
Nata-nt for
of their r?u*>atl. 'Their
? declared *>ty would withhold their
*\ote on ?he budget, until the name
of Vor Kuehlmann's successor
was announced and hit policy
clearly outlined. Moreover, they
threatened to do all thry court
to defeat the new war loan, un
' loss such an outline of policy a ?re
promptly forthcoming.
This attitude of the Socialists
'proved a disagreeable surprise to
the Conservatives, who were in
' dulging in premature jubilating
i over their victory. With Kuchl
1 mann out at last, and Admiral
?von Hintze reported speeding to
? Berlin from Christiania, the mili
| tary junta believed it had thing?
fairly "bottled up." The Social"-'
ists' attitude is liable to spoil their
program.
Basts*** A??s??e? Proponloss?.
The Reichstag ?session broke up In
?a flurry at 2 o'clock, after the war
? loan bill had basen hastily ?-?-ferretl
?' back to committee, to save it from
defeat.
In the meantime ?igri? indicate that
the Kuehlmann question had out
i grown it? original one-man ?' opa,
: and was awiftly developing into ?
I orisi?. Already the Impenni chancel
lor, fount von Hertling. seemed to
? hav? been drawn into it.
Dispatch?? from Berlin hinted at hi?
I possible resignation.
j Others s*ld flatly it wa? Inconceiv
able that Hertlin? could hold himself
now thst Kuehlmsiin was out.
j The Hamburger Nnehrirhten. usu
ally well informed, .said rnnee ton
Buclow was hurrying to Berlin fro??
his country home in Switseliand, and
'that he wis williita lo resume sotive
! servile, "should the Kaiser lummon
, him."
I There ha? n t ?frn a political crl?ts
'in Germans" siivi- the war broke out
in which the former ch?ncellor ha*
! not been mentioned ai* potentially
j the most imi*oi-tant personaste. Tet,
I though often he was -r, ludrd f?r
'hours in trtlthty cont?-rence? with tits
i Kaiser, ?nd though, no doubt, ht?
?dvice wa? frvuuently dt^oieive, h?
himself invariably retired to the
peaceful background In the Swiss
mountains. Among close observers
the belief ha? long prevailed thst
, Bnelow I? tietng "saved'' for th* peses
f conference.
Ladrador* May ate Illrtator.
I If Hortung go..??and at thia ?tas?
of the crisis there seem? little like
lihood of that, since he h?s proved
? an exceedingly pliable tool in th?
militarists' h?nd??another figurehead
chancellor I? sure to take his place.
If the crisis beoome? really threat
ening to the "home front." which
' is equally unlikely before winter, with
j It? inevitable misery, ?eta In. oh
I server? here look for Ludendorff ts
? ? make the great coup d tat; to ?ala?
f j the governments! rein?, and bet-ome
In name ?nd form what be has
of ?luartermaater cenerai: tb?
tary dictator of the empire.
One late dispatch \e?terd?y. vl?
Berne, had It thst ?Thsnoellor vos
Hertlln?: had reached ? full under
standing with Von Hintse, who. It
was ?tided, would "unreservedly pur
sue ? foretan policy prepared by tits
chancelier." This Intelligence was
crcdiled to the high] ? conservativa
organ, the Frankfurter Zeitung.
If any further proof had been rs*
quired that the militarist? are in fun
control, ?nd thst tastr? do not look
for an early ?sac?, but are desirous,
on the contrary, that tit? war *?
drawn out so their bold piana of

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