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THE WEATHER I Today?Fair and warmer. Ti , row?Warmer. Highest temperature ????HwJay. 85; lowest, 68. NO. 4285. ERALD YOU MUST READ A MORNING NEWSPAPER TO LEARN THE LATEST WAR DEVELOPMENTS WASHINGTON. Da C. SATURDAY, .TULT 20, 1918. one cent a_T.".',-g-, ** U.S. CRUISER SAN D?EGO SUNK OFF NEW YORK; YANKS HACK HUN LINES i7,000 HUNS TAKEN, 250 CANNON; YANKS PROGRESS FAR THER _ -? / Paris, July 19.-More than 17,000 prisoners have been taken by the French and ?Americans, the war office an nounced tonight. Among the prisoners are two German colonels with their staffs. The Franco-American troops have captured 250 can non, including a battery of 210 caliber guns. With the Americans at the Marne, .July 19.-The fol lowing official statement was issued at ?American head quarters tonight: "We have advanced two miles beyond Vaux-Castillo, VUlers-Helong, and Noroy-su r-Ourcq. "We have captured the plateau north of Monnes (Bon nes.) and the heights north of Gourchamps, and have passed Torcy. "The enemy is reacting with important reserves. "We have maintained the plateau southwest of Sois sons and Chaudun." DRIVE CONTINUES SUCCESSFUL IN SPITE OF ENEMY RESERVES Paris, July 19.?In spite of desperate Ger man resistance and the constant throwing in by Ludendorff of fresh reserves, the Franco American drive between the Aisne and the Marne continues successfully. A new counter offensive also has set in between the Marne and Rheims, French, Americans and Italians fighting shoulder to shoulder and pressing the Germans back steadily. Rheims seems defi nitely saved from the German clutch. Seven teen thousand prisoners had been taken when the war office issued its night communique. Steady streams of more captives are coming in. Even more indicative of the allies' success is the number of guns taken: 250. It shows! the extent of the surprise and, more than that, shows the terrific toll in dead the Germans must have paid. In the savage fighting that has been raging in the 28-mile front between the two rivers since yesterday the attackers have had little time for making prisoners. TERRIBLE ?LAUGHTER OF FOL Ordinarily at lesat ten times the number of prisoners goes with such a staggering total of captured gun?. Yesterday and today saw. therefore, a process of German killing ?uch a? ha? not occurred since Verdun. Somons, in flames and ?unrounded from three sides, is virtually Franco-American hands tonight They can enter it any time they in want < Parla. July It?Th? number of pris oners taken up to early this ?venins la now reported on good authority to approach th? 18,000 mark. There Is a atronar Impression her? that Sotaaons has fallen, thouth this Is not yet officially confirmed. Lata dispatches Indicate, however, that th? Germans were getting out of the burn ing dty In th? afternoon. Th? Germana ar? everywhere on the defensive. ** tha allied high com mand announeed officially late today. Solas ona Is In flames and Ita fall to the Franco-American troops Is expec ted hourly. Th? city la being grad ually .?unrounded. Already French and ABMfieaas stand to tba southeast of it. at Boaaney. weat ot the river Orlatv German reserves thrown into the battle yesterday ware defeated. Freeh German forces axe now being For tha Germana tba critical mo ment of Um batti? haa arrived Un it*? they can break tb? Franco-An-ar Ican offensive betweaa the Marna and the Alaae immediately, their bold oa the whole Solsaona-Chateau-Thlerry Rheima triangle will be doomed. ??Cta New (aaalrr Blows. Not content with pushing their Alsne-Marne drive with the utmost vigor and continued success, the French and Americans, with tbe aid of Italian units, began early today a new counter offensive by assail ing tbe Germans between the Marne and Rheims. At the same time the French hit back south of the Marne, re-taklng Mont Volsy, and throwing the Ger mana out of the ontsklrta of Oe-ull ly. Thus the German ai-mie.? in the hug? triangle are being violently at tacked from three aides. The chief object of the Franco American Alsne-Marne drive, name ly the relief of Rheims, appeara ac complished. Where they threatened to cut oil the last remaining linea of communication with the Cathe dral City they have been pressed back. They had to. yield ground In ?-ONUS USD (?PAOS THB**?. HEINE CROPS FAIL; ALLIES HAVEPLENTY Nature Makes Starvation Drive Against Germany and Austria. ? Nature ia conducting a "itarvation drive" against Germany and Austria? While the crops of America and ber allies promise this year to break all records for ?lie. tbo?? or Germany and her allies will be smaller than at ] anytime since the war began. Widespread drought enveloped th? central empires during April. May and June, ?topped the developments of all the vegetables and root? so ur gently needed by tbe Teutons. Petatee? Are r>a_a?rst. The 'root destroyed one-third of the ? potato crop, especially in the northern part of the country. Pea? and bean? also were seriously damaged. At the same time, the heat and drought In creased the ravages of all kind? of pestiferous Insects, so the crop of ap ple? and pears will be easlgnlflleajrt. | It also delayed the wheat crop and with the failure of Rumania and the Ukraine to deliver the expected wheat, Germany la In a bad way. On th? other hand. America'? wheat crop will exceed 100,000,000 bushels. If It doesn't reach Ut? btl llon-bushel mark predicted earl|er In the season. The corn crop fore casted will be 3,1(0.000.000 bushel? breaking all records. The oat crop also wHl be a bumper one. Canadian crop estimates differ, owing to the fact tbat the wheat country Is so vast and enjoya vary ing weather, but Indications ar? for a record crop for our northern ally also. English crop expert? report, fa vorably oa the proapnets for this year, and good crop? In the tfnln vaded portions of Prance, with an average yield in Holland and Spain, are predicted. Italy, tt is anticipated, will pro duce 1 ?4,000.000 bushel? of wheat as against 140.00t.000 bushel? last year. ?? abundance of wheat is promis.??! from India. Australia and Argentina. The question with those countries Is one of tonnage and not of the sise of tbe crop. It doesn't look, therefore, ??' f the allied people wilt starve thi? yt>ar. Th? restrictions on the ? of flour probably will be modified to a great degree by tne food ad ministration. But the Hun? will tighten thjlr belt? another notch and wait hungrily for the "victorious peace" their rulers have promised them. Hu_hr? Backing Hi limit , Saratoga. N. Y.. July 1?.?Former Supreme Court Justice Charles Evan? Hughes has signed tbe round robin to CoL Roosevelt, urging him to accept th? Republican guber natorial nomination, it waa announc ed toninht by Senator Robinson, manager of the anti-Whitman fac tion at the Republican State con vention. American Naval Losses In War Summarized The naval losses of the United State? since America entered the war have been as follow?: Jacob Jones, destroyer, torpedoed December 6, 1917. Alcedo, converted yacht used a? a patrol ve*?el. sunk No vember 5. 1917. Chauncey, destroyer, sunk in collision with British transport. Cassin. destroyer, torpedoed, but reached port under her own ?team, wa? repaired and returned to ?ervice. San Diego, armored cruiser, sunk July 19, 1918. Transport and ?apply ship losses hare been a? follow?: Antilles, transport, sunk returning from France. Finland, transport, torpedoed, but made port under her own ?team. President Lincoln, transport torpedoed returning from France. Covington, transport, torpedoed returning from France. Westover, supply ?hip, torpedoed returning from France. HUNS BATTERED WHILE THEY STILL STAGGER Enemy, Trying to Recover From Initia] Franco-American Thrust. Struck With New Blow? on 28-Mile Front. ?,-:?L? With the America?? at the marne, July io.?The Franco-American typhoon that blew the life oat of the Kaiser's storm of peace rages on with impetuous fury. "Fritz" has not yet recover?! from the initial wallop, and while he is still rubbing hi? eyes, as it were, wondering whence thi? rude awakening came, the Yanks and Poilu* keep pummel ing and battering and ?mashing away at him on the whole 28-mile front between the Aisne and Marne. Not only that, but a new storm has taken the ?haky Teuton ma chine from the rear, between the Marne and Rheims, where up to yes terday it was ploughing forward with measurable success against the last artery feeding the life blood of the Cathedral City"? defense. On that side the French and Americans were exceedingly hard pressed when Foch gave the signal for the great flanking thrust Rhelaaa Teasloa Relieve?. ? Yesterday ? smashing advance In this drive lias given new cheer and ' new strength to the defenders cf Rheims, and now the bewildered ; German is between two tires, with a third flaring up today on the South, below the Marne. The tactics Foch la applying now are designed to bite off the whole j great Oerman wedge south of the Aisne, and to deprive the Invader of every bit of ground he gained in that ambition, drive to the Marne in May, aa well aa of the local gains he made In the offensive that was superseded by Foch's counter drive. The chief subject of talk and mar | vel along this front atlU Is tbe re volutionary manner In which Foch I inhered In hla attack?without ar i ullery preparation. Only once before this had been attempted on such a scale, and that tuna It rcaulted in ?llsaeter. It wa? when Nivelle launched hla great gunles? Cham pagne drive that cost such terrible sacrlflce to France, and the lo?? of hi* command to him. Since then the military world had fostered th? con viction that "it can't be done." Foch ' haa shattered It overnight; he hai? shown that it can be done. True, the length of artillery prepar ation for great offensive? bad been | gradually reduced. Prior to 3yng's i'ambrai attack never a major-acale drive had been launched without at ; leaat a full weak*? sacrifice, ooncen trated gun-drumming. Then Byng ' reduced It to a acaree four hours bombardment. The German? were i quick to ?nap up the Idea and have used It conatantly aince. It waa one OOrsTKsTTD ON" PAGE rsllf?. VICTORIES NEWLY GAINED H?VE TURNED WAR'S TIDE American troop?, aide by aide with the French, continue to awaep for ward to new victories. There ia no longer question that the tide of the war haa turned. Boissons la believed by American and entente military experta to have fallen. Approximately J0.00O prisoners have been taken, the unofficial re porta to the entente embaestes In dicate. Press reports from Paris to tbe effect that the Germans are bow everywhere on the defensive are ac cepted literally in military circles. Many experts are prepared to be lieve that yesterday's successful at tack by the British on Vlllere Bretonneux. reported in the news dispatches, but not yet officially con firmed, presages a largeg British of fensive soon to start. States???*? ?? Bake*. Secretary Baker issued the follow ing statement yesterday afternoon: "The attention of the world la, of course, focussed on the tremendous counter blow being delivered by Oen. Foch. Gradual extension of these op erations to the east Is Indicated In the press dispatches, but aa yet la not officially confirmed. The gain on the front of the original counter thrust has been deepened, narrowing tha salient, and making the position of its Cern?an occupants less and leas ten able. "We have no report of the capture Ot Soissons. but the battle haa taten raging at that part of the front, and the fall of Soissons seemed to be In dicated by the progress made at tha tihie of the latest official dispatches. "The significance of tola movement llea in the fact that the supreme com mander evident!y feel? that the allied forces are now sufficiently strong to Justify vigorous action." Hew Tork and N?w England Na tional Guardsmen?members of the Rainbow and the Twenty-sixth divi sion??have been In the thick of It. General March, chief of ?tail of the American army, so Informed the members of the House Military Af fair? Committee yeaterday. H? ven tured tbe opinion that a retrograde movement by the German? waa im minent. Warmest admiration la ?xpreased by American military men over the manner In which General Foch haa infected the attack. There ia every Indication, they aay. that h? haa so shrewdly mobilised hi? reserve? as to make a flanking movement by the enemy well nigh Impossible. More over they remark upon the fact that thus far the French commander ha? succeeded In avoiding the pocketing of his forces In the manner which the German? hav? followed with such co?tly remita to themselves. Win Keep Initiative. It la aaaumed. of course, that the ent>my will attempt a stand at hia prepared positions, but such haa been tbe daeh and vigor of the attack, and ?o aell-lald the plans of the French generalissimo that it is anticipated that the enemy will be given little chance to recover hla morale even behind these defenses before he ts again subjected to attack. It Is not thought that Foch. having been able. by tbe aid of the Americana, to seise the initiative, will allow It to ba wrested again from hi? grasp by tbe Germans. - - I Dispatches to the French Em bassy and French War Mission are glowing In their praise of the vigor of the offensive and the part play ed by th? Americana. They apeak of German prisoner?, captured by th? American?, as being ??founded ???a? nun, CR UISER'S SINKING PERHAPS ? Y U-BOA ?; NA VY WARNS SHIPS The United States armored cruiser San Diego wai sunk yesterday at 11:30 a.m. ten miles off Fire Island, al the entrance to New York Harbor. Apparently there wai no lots of life. She is believed to have been torpedoed by a Germar submarine. The Navy epartmenDt is understood to have seni out a warning last night to shipping to watch out for pot? sible submarines operating along the ?American coast Vessels of the coast patrol, as an extra precaution have also been warned to be on their guard. Admiral Benson, chief of naval o pe r a t i one, it un d er stood to be of the opinion that the San Diego struck a mine-either an ?American mine, or one town by the Ger man submarines operating off the ?American coast mor? than a ?moth ago. HOOYER NOW IN ENGLAND; WILL CONFER Food Administrator to Join with Representatives of Allies for Pooling. London. July It.?Herbert C. Hoover. American Food Controller, arrived today at a port from Amer ica Announcement from London of the I arrival In England of Herbert Hoover. United State? Food Admin il rato r. brings nearer the Inaugura tion of a new food conservation pro gram for all allied countries? Hoover will meet th? food ad ministrators of the allied nation? at a round table in Europe, where each will lay down th? requirement of hi? country In food for the contint: year, and the estimate? of what his country can produce. At this table the entire resources of the allies will be (tooled and the deficit? In every food ?tuff snown by the European nation? will be assum ed by th? United State?. If It? aur plua be not great enough to meet these requirement?, then the total available supply together wtlh sub stitutes, will be prorated. remano? Pregraaa. When the conference Ia completed the allied world will be upon a corn inoli food program so far aa Is possi ble. It is hardly possible that tbe American food ration will go aa low aa the French and Italian, because of the more urgent demand for ships to tramport troops and troop sup plie? to Europe, and the inability to rurniah th? surplus ?hip? to carry the food rations, but so far as Amer ica can she will pledge herself to build up her allies' rations to the point of her own adei/iate food sup pile?. When the supplies of the allies are pooled and the dlatrib?itlon Is com plete, a great surprise may break upon the world. America cut its consumption of meat in half, sending to the allie? last year 1.?94,???.?)00 pounds, and greatly Increasing the amount this year. In addition It haa built up a great ?upply Of pork and pork prod ucts In reserve, and Hoover will preach the sermon of tbe need to eat aalt pork. It haa doubled It? production of corn product? and Increased ita production of oatmeals and rolled oata from 277. 481.130 pounds in 1911 te 7l7.fB2.800 pounds In 1917. And the production (or the first three months In ltll amounted to the enormous total of s<?.!>14.8SO pounds. Th? new ' wheat crap* Is already moving Into the market. Though!the country wa? at it? l?waat ebb ou wheat the tint of the month, with a total supply of only ?,???.??? truant I? on hand, the movement of the new crop three week? early avoided any danger of panic. But the lifting of the wheat and beef restriction? will not come iti*? until Mr. Hoover completes ai? food TWO BOATS' CREWS LANDED; OTHERS THOUGHT TO BE S.AFB One officer and two boats' crews hav? been landed at a life saving station on Long Island. Other survivors were in boats, and fou| steamers were standing by. The San Diego was an armored cruiser ol 13,680 tons and carried a complement of i,li<| officers and men. The following official announcement was issued just before 6 o'wclock last night by th? Navy Department: "The armored cruiser San Diego was sunW ten miles southeast of Fire Island at 11:30 o'clock this morning. "One officer and two boat crews were landed at Life Saving Station No. 82 on Long Island. Other survivors are in boats, and four steamers are standing by. "So far as can be ascertained, there has been no loss of life. "The cause of the sinking has not yet been ascertained." DISPLACED 13.?00 TONS. The San Diego is an armored cruiser of 13.600 ton? <S?pI ment and carried a complement of 1,114 officer? and men." Officers at the Navy Department have not agreed on any theory a? to how the vessel wa? ?ent to the bottom. The first thought in the mind* of many officials is that enemy ?ubmarine? have returned to this ?ide of the Atlantic and found in the San Diego their fhst vieti?. There is nothing to donfirm thi? theory. Other theoriet advanced are that the vestel ?truck a floating thine : that there wa? an internal explosion, or that she wa? part of a convoy and collided with another ?hip. The apparent abtence of any loss of life argues against the explosion theory. CANNONADING OFF FIRE ISLAND. Sayville, Long Island. July 19.?Renewed cannonading of larga and small guns began about 8 o'clock this evening off the beach, abotst ten miles east of Fire Island. 13,seu tona tUsplscfmeni Her ?Mi?*in?-s developed ?.ess horsepower, ?Kin? bar a ?weed of t?? knota par hour. DETONATIONS TO SEAWARD. Babylon. N. Y., July 19.?Several detonation? wen heard from seawaid shortly before noon today, which gave ri?e to ? of a naval engagement. Effort? to connect by telephone ?vith Fire Idand were met armm the statement that the Federal government had taken charge of all ?vire? leading from the island and that they were being used exdtuively for official business. Waa la Mrxiraa "r-oatla ? -***" The Ban Dte*-o went to bar death ?^at ot construe* ira? tke oral? r we* sixteen years after her keel waa laid. Formerly named the California, I keel eras laid In ISO! She was of ?"s???.-??. Her main battery eonatau ? ot toter ?-Inch rune and teurteee ?ich ?M? Her secondar)" battery tefsmasm o*> ??