PUBLISHED BVXRY MORNING BT
The Washington Herald Company.
<W$-st_i7-4??J Elewttnth St. Phone Hata 3300
CLINTON T. BRAINARD....Prea. and PuUiahcr
TH? 8. C BECKWITH SPECIAL AOENCT.
New Tork. Tribun? BulUIng; Chicago, Tribun?
Huildlng; St. Louis. Third National Bank funding;
Detroit. Ford Building.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES UT CARRIER:
Dally aad Sunday. I'? cent? per month; I3.?0 Mr
SUBSCRIPTION BATS? BT MAIL:
Dally and Sunday, tt centa per month; ?5.00 per
year. Dally only. It cent? Ber month: it ou per year.
Eaten? at th? postofflce at Washington. D. 0.. as
claa? mall mattar.
SUNDAY, JULY Ut, 1918.
What do you know about profiteering, who is
to blame and what is the solution'
Here are known facts:
The Washington Herald traced a shipment of
tomatoes from a Virginia farm. The farmer was
paid a cents per pound for these tomatoes. The
wholesaler sold them at 5 cents per pound and
the retailer st 15 cents.
The retailer is the profiteer.
And there is no law which makes this bold
There are scores of houses in this city which
have an average rental of $30 per month. The
rental derived by the ? tenant through subletting
his rooms ranges from $150 to $?00 per month.
The tenant is the profiteer.
And there is no law- which makes this bold
We know a retail shoe merchant who purchased
a certain grade of shoes at $3.25 per pair and sold
them for $i_.
, -The manufacturer of these shoes was in Wash
''rhgton the other day. He saw his shoes in the
shop window priced $i_. He went into the store
"Why are you charging $12 for shoes which
cost you $3.25 per pair"-"
Here is the merchant's reply:
"We can get away with it, and we might as
well take all that wr can."
This merchant is a profiteer.
And there is no law which makes this hold
Who is to blame ?
The above facts cited prove that the retailer,
tenant, merchant are cheating and stealing. They
are to blame because they "get away with it."
But those who make the laws are more or less
to blame because they allow them to "get away
What is the solution"'
Pass laws which will make profiteering crimi
nal. The penalty l'or a violation should be impris
onment anil not a conscience fine.
The laws should provide for the appointment
ot ? anti-profiteering board of responsible and dis
interested men. A iair price list should be issued
daily and published in all newspapers. When the
housewife goes marketing she will carry this list
with her. She need not ask the prices, her fair
price list tells her that. The retailer would not
attempt 10 sell higher than this list if he knew
that by doing so he would subject himself to a
Our present iair price list is meaningless. Re
tailers disregard it. In the market you can find
any one article selling for a half dozen different
prices. Prices arc set to suit the retailers' con
venience or pocketbook. If tomatoes are quoted at/
10 cents per pound on the present fair price list
he will sell them at 15 cents because there is no
law. but the law of fairness and decency, which
will prevent him from doing otherwise.
Past experiences in law making and law en
forcement place us face to iace with the encour
agement that by the time adequate anti-profiteering
laws ior Washington could be enforced the public
would hate been bled to poverty by the profiteer.
Could ?t hope that legislation providing for
the establishment ot" a municipal market might
be speedier in its passage"'
? municipal market is something concrete.
Anti-profiteering laws are futile, both in their
interpretation and enforcement.
If officials continue in dealing in generalities
and shifting the responsibility from one to the
other the profiteering question in this city will
never be solved to the relief of the public.
Would not a municipal market give the public
the desired relief from ?ood profiteers if tomatoes
can be bought on the farms at 2 cents per pound'"
That is the price the municipality would pay for
them. Allowing lor freight and overhead ex
penses the municipality would sell them to the
consumer for at least 5 cents per pound.
Today the retailer is charging 15 cents.
Foch ts. Ludendorff.
Never before in the war has the Prussian theory
of war received such a clean-cut test, as opposed
to the French, as in the offensive of 1018?and
particularly in the fifth phase of that offensive,
which is still in progress.
Strikingly alike in some respects, radically
rlifferent in others, Foch and Ludendorff are now
rapidly reaching the point where the warfare in
the West is becoming entirely an intellectual
duel between them. Is it too much to say that
in this duel the advantage is entirely with the
Frenchman' To begin with, he has the advantage
31' a clear, dry, brilliant Gallic mind?the kind of
brain which, from the scientific point of view, ranks
the highest in the world. Ludendorff, on the
3ther hand, is touched, to a certain extent, with
the Prussian blight?the mind that combines intense
voncentration on detail with impatient generaliza
?ions and a certain arrogant, grandiose conception
of things. The Prussian is constantly suffering
from a considerable amount of self-education; the
dea that what he wills to be must automatically
ind relentlessly become the fact.
Here is a certain facet of the difference between
:he French and German theories of warfare, as
teen by the New York Evening Post:
"It seems fair to say that there is a general
itfference in the way in which the two commands
viaualiae war. Both believe in the overwhelming
application of force, and both believe in finesse,
lut the Germans put force immeasurably the
?tgher. Hence their favorite similes of the iron
ing and the hammer blow. It may be said that
:hey took this from Napoleon. No one ever
surpassed him in the rapid and crushing concen
tration of men against the weak point of the
-nee?y. An artillery officer himself, he practiced
the massing of guns in a way prophetic of the
modero heaping up of howitzer aad mortar. But
in control of Napoleon'? lightning strokes there
wg* alway* a nicely-studied plan. He would never
?no French' general of today would ever?cotisent
to adopt Clausewitz'? theory of a battle as the
bringing together of two "vast masses of com
bustible?, the one which had in the end a margin
undestroyed, being victor. The French would
approve of the idea of a devastating blow, but
they would insist that it be delivered by an arm
directed by a cool and presiding intellect
"The shade of meaning- we are trying to con
vey found expression in a happy phrase used by
Gabriel H anotan* last year. He drew a distinc
tion between the French commander's plans and
the opposing ones of Moltlce?of course, Moltke
the Little. To the German field marshal the
French critic did not deny great ability. But he
made this distinction: That, whereas Moltke saw
grand, Joffre saw juste. The difference is great.
It is the difference between a grandiose concep
tion and one clear and precise. The German gen
eral staff ?Q 1014 was undertaking one of its
favorite converging movements. That plan of
battle nearly failed at Konigigratz in 1866. It
won a magnificent ?ucees? at Sedan in 1871. In
IQ14 it wa? attempted on a more ambitious scale
than ever before. Not two or three, but five
armies were timed to meet in a death-grapple with
the French. It was an operation both delicate
and complicated. A break anywhere meant the
failure of the whole campaign. And it was given
to Gen. Joffrc to possess and exercise that juste
view of the situation which enabled him to pene
trate and to shatter the grand German plan."
That Gen. Foch has to the full thi? French
clarity of vision and swift deftness of stroke,
it is not our happiness over the great successes
of this week which leads us to be convinced.
The mettle of the man had been tried and proven
before. It was a tempered spring which flew
back into the face of the German high command
on Thursday. There was nothing improvised or
haphazard about the riposte of Cen. Foch. He
had long awaited the opening for his rapier. With
infinite patience, with Fabian-like saving of his
j men, and withstanding the temptation to strike too
soon, he parried and shifted until his lunging
adversary became too confident, too unwary, then
in a flash the French steel bit deep into his side.
In keenness and swiftness of vision, in speed
! ot attack, as well as in patient waiting, in ability
to diagnose the true situation stripped of all the
distracting glamour of local victories and sensa
tional attacks, is it too much to say that the pres
ent week is seeing the overthrow of the intellec
tual prowess of the German general staff?
Thought? on a Picture.
Two little girls lie on a blood-soaked bier, the
warmth of life not yet chilled in their pitiful bodies.
On the dead face of one is an expression of
mortal agony. The other has no face?it is a bat
tered mass of torn flesh, cut away by a bayonet.
One little girl has but one leg. The other is a
stump, ragged, lacerated, bleeding from the blow
of an axe.
The second little girl has lost both legs in the
same way. Those pitiful stumps, ending just be
low the knees, arc too ghastly for description. In
the child's side is a wide incision?the cruel thrust
ot a bayonet. .
But a more damning indictment of Cern?an
"kultur*' than any of the countless crimes that can
be laid at the door of only one man?Wilhelm II,
emperor of Germany.
That picture is no product of the imagination.
It is an actual photograph, in the possession of Dr.
Xewell Dwight Hillis. Those little girls were Bel
gians, not more than 13 years old, and the photo
graph was taken soon after they were outraged,
tortured in a manner that would revolt the most
barbarous savage, and finally murdered by the
Horrible as it is, that photograph should be
copied and rccopicd and displayed to the public in
every city and hamlet in America.
Can you doubt that it would remove from the
mind of every man, woman or child seeing it, be
? they German-born or American, the last vestige of
I doubt that the Huns who perpetrated such deeds
I and their ruler must be wiped off the face of the
Hell Warble 'Em All.
You can help a Yank sing his way toward Bci
lin by following out a suggestion proposed to The
Washington Herald by the Woman's Naval Service
Buy him a book. There's a little, khaki-colored
volume that has the words and music to melodies
the soldiers like to sing. Its selections range from
"Abide with Me" to "Par la Bas"?that's the way
a lad says "Over There" in French.
The book, obtainable by the Woman's Naval
Ser", ice at the publishing price, costs 6 cents. A
quarter will buy four books and pay for the cost ot
Checks or money orders should be made out to
the Woman's Naval Service, Union Trutt Com
pany, Washington, D. C.
'Tit to Laugh.
Say? an Amsterdam cable: "The successes oi
the central empires' armies arc a guarantee that
our enemies will not gain their war aims by arms
or blockade," Premier von Seydler declared in the
Austrian Reichsrath. The Czech members created a
great uproar at this. We'll bet the uproar was a
gale of laughter.
Berlin "drive" has no connection with the Paris
"boulevard"?nor will it ever make one!
Man found in dam near Hoboken after pro
German utterances. A dam phool to the end.
Too bad Kaiser Bill didn't hear Lincoln say
"You can fool some of the people all the lime,
Publicity for a motion picture called "No Man's
Land" says it has nothing to do with the war.
Perhaps, in future, "Here Comes the Bride" will
have nothing to do with marriage.
By KUMIMI ViXCK ilillKK.
Here's a hand to you, T. R.,
Fighting man in peace and war.
Fighting man and fighting ?ire of fighting sons!
You have given of your own,
Flesh of flesh and bone of bone.
Aye, and heart of heart, for so the record runs.
We have differed in the past.
We may differ to the last.
But there's not a man will differ in his atti
Grieving, one and all we stand.
Aching just to touch your hand
And to tell you that we feel the things which
sound so vain to say.
BOOKDOM - - ByLonjac
War carries With it an overmeasure of- sadness and misery of all
kinds. It is, of courte, not only tbe men on the fighting line who
suffer from hardship? and from wounds and who art really to meet
the final sacrifice of life itself, but the circle* of their home folk?, the
mother?, the sisters, the wives, the loved one* who, if all went right
would become wives, whose anxieties for those on the fighting line*
become themselves tragedies.
Any man who, without sacrifice of truth or concealment of peril?
and troubles which are too real to be made light of, can do something
to give the boys at the front and to the home folk* in the rear some
diversion from the sadness and the strain; who can make clear that,
even in the midst of trouble and on the edge of tragedy, man is in his
nature capable of finding in his surroundings and in life itself the sente
of humor which serves to lighten the cloud of sadness?such a man ?*
a benefactor in the largest sense of the term.
Capt. Bairn?father ha? had long 4
practical experience In the MghUng
Une. He h?* been In the ?crviee from
the beginning of the war. and f jr a
large part of that time ha? lioen ac
tively engaged at the front. The early
break? in hla service In the Hell ai-.d
trenches were caused by the neces
?Ity of retiring to ho?pit?l for th?
healing of wound?.
Balrnefather la evidently ? man of
?uch elasticity of temperarne it that
no amount of fatigue, or hardship, or
peril, or pain can quench th? bUDuling
of hi? spirits. With a charming vi
tality, an exhubei?it ?en?e of humor,
he poawaac?. fortunately for hi'in f.
for hi? comrade?, and for the world,
the ?in.agination of a creaUvo i-rtUt.
He Is gifted also with a drtmatlc
?en?? and a technical skill thit give
to hla ?Hetuhea of camp Hie, of liui>
penlnga In the tranche?, and m ?It?
relation* of th? men with on? an
otler. a very real vitality.
patrt?.?father'? .l?metela llv? rid
t icy have come to constitute ? "? ?3? ,
valuable addition to the Uvea ?< ;lie \
Th? young Scotman began hi?
drawings merely tor the amuse
ment of hi? comrade? in the ?hack*
or in the trenches. Th? first
sketches were made on rough
board? of a more-or-le?? ruined hut.
or on the rocks which were dis
lodged in the digging of the
trenches These sketches were la
ter transcribed for tb? amusement
of the home folk? to whom the art
Ut waa writing and were passed
from hand to hand in the home
circle?. One of hi? picture? Bairns
father sent to the editor of the "By
stander," who reall?ed that here
waa value not only aa a work of art.
but a? a mean? of inspiration for
loyal service and for th? cheerful
endurance of hardship. The?, diiw
ing? have now become a ?hcjring
Influence with English-speaking
people throughout the world, for
all groups of the English race now
have their boy? and their hearts en
gaged in this great struggle. The
sketches have also been reproduc
ed In connection with the French
text and with- Italian text Our
allies are surely entitled to secure
their share of the fun and encour
I doubt whether any previous v.ar I
has produced an artist whose work
possesses precisely the Batrnsfa'hei
quality. The artist has placed the
clvilited world in his debt.
Balrnsfsther does not deny the
brutsllty of the German, but he
does not concern himself with it to
any great extent. His task is main
ly to show thst even on th? battle
line, life has Its humor and trouble
has its offsets. He is doing his
part In keeping the apirlt of the
fighting men safe and in good tone
for their task.
GEORGE HAVENS PUTNAM.
Fragments from Fiance, by Capt.
Bruce Balrnsfather. Part 5. h?.? just
been published by G. P. Putnam's
Sons. New Tork.
A Boy ef Bragea.
Emile Cammacrts, famoua Belgian
poet and dramatist, and hi? wife, Tita
l'animaeris. are the Joint author? of
"? Boy of Bruges.'' Just published
by E. P. Dutton tr Co.. a new volume
In their Little Playmates ?aeries,
which attempts to picture and Inter
pret for American young people ? he
lives and national backgrounds of tilo
boys and girls of other countries. A '
Belgian boy In his early teens Is the
central ligure ot this story, which j
gives the reader pictures of life in '
Bruges and Antwerp ?nd Brussels |
and on a farm among the hills of the 1
Ardennes. ?0 that both the Fleming j
and the Walloon have their ?hare it? '
It. The two boy friend?, one a Flem
ing and the other a Walloon, ene a
city and the other a country boy, are
both swept into the war, whose early
stages are depicted In the story. In
these latter chspters the authors do
not bring out the horrors of war bul
dwell instead on the courage and pa
triotism of the people and their In
stant response to the need of the
i-ountry. There are some stories about
Kin?; and Queen and the affection of
the people for them, while the pic
ture? of home and school and country
life are full of the little picturesque
touches which can be given only by
those who know intimately the life
they are portraying. Florence Con
verse, the general editor of the series,
contributes a preface In the form of
a letter to the young readers which
shows ? rare ability in condensation
and interpretation in the way it sets
forth in half a dozen pages the his
tory of Belgium, her contributions to
the world and to civilization, capped
by her sacrifices in the war. The book
Is charmingly Illustrated by Albert
Delstanche. with a frontispiece in
color, snd black and white line draw
ings which show typical and inter
esting scenes In the Belgium that was.
?Little Schoolmaster's" Scries, price
"Karma," a drama of re-:ii?arna
tlon. by Algernon Blackwjod and
Violet Pearn, which E. P. Dutton &
Co., are publishing thia week. Is
1 otablf for the skill with wnlcn it
makes fra. In?? and conv.ncinr, th*
mrrttU. mysttiious and om ?tvhitl
?maV-d idea which is Its tifine. It is
in three acts, a prologue nnj :m
ci,?!? ? ??, each scene being in iiself
a brilliant bit of drama. Th? central
Idea Is that a woman through three
Incarnations snd on into the fourtn
by her great but selfish love haa In
jured the minion of her husband. Tho
prologue take? place in modern Eng
land where the wife, because of her
dread of life in Egypt, where her
husband Is British agent, interferes
with his career and he glv\s it m>
for her.sake. Then she sees, in ta?ee
acts which take place before her. the
three incarnations In which they hav?
previously lived and loved a?id In
which she has each time Injured him
in some way. One had been tn 1?.;????
in the time of the Pharaoh?, one In
Greece three hundred year? before
Christ and another in Ita!?- In the
fifteenth century. In the epilogue
understanding comes to her and ??. -
and her husband ar? reunited tn
greater love than before.
Karma, by Algernon Rlackw > ra,
published by E. P. Dutton, price tl ts?.
The Old llanl.man.
E. P. Dutton ?_ Co. have Just
brought out the third edition of Sieg
fried Sassoon's book. "The Old Hunts
man and Other Poema." John Mase
field said recently, whll? praising Mr
Sassoon's genius, thai he had written
some of the best poetry the /?r has
produced. This collection of his poems
?how? not a little kinship with Mase
fleld in his liking for the recital of
Incident or drama in poetic narrative,
his ability to make hla theme or hi*
pictures stand out in striking; outlines
and tn his occasional grim or Ironie
humor. Here le a characteristic ex
ample ot th? many war poem? tkat
comprise tha largar part of th? pre
"II? wok?: the clank and racket of
Kept time wltb angry throbbing? in
At laat he lifted hi* bewildered eyes
And blinked, and rollad them ?Ida
long; MU* en skies.
Heavily wooded, hot with Augu*?
And. slipping backward, golden for
Aerea of harvest.
"Feebly now he drags
Exhausted ego back from ?loom? and
And blasting tumult, terror, h ji til eg
To calm and brightness, havens of
?He sighed confused; then drew a|
This level journeying waa no ride
?If I were dead," he mused, thered
be no thinking?
Only some plunging underworld of
And huele?., shifting welter where I'd
"Then he remembered that his name
But was he ba:k in Blighty*? Slow
Till In his heart thanksgiving leaped
There shone the blue serene, the pros
Trees, cows and hedges; skipping
these he scanned
Large, friendly names that change
not with the year.
Lung tonic, mustard, liver pills and
As time goes by, evidence? multiply
of the worldwide and thorough or
ganisation with which Germany had
for years before the war been using
her subjects to secure Information
valuable for her purposes, whatever
their errand might be and in what
ever part of the world. In a letter to
the New York Time? a few days ago
W. J. Denny, formerly attorney gen
eral of South Australia, tells how a
famous Oerman scientist attending
the meeting of the British Society for
the Advancement of Science In Au
gust. 1914, Held that year In Australia,
to which had come men of note from
all over the world, deplored in public
the "terrible conflict of physical
against mental and moral force." He
was venerable and kindly looking and
amiable and everybody sympathised
with him and put entire confidence In
his expressions of grief and regr-*t
But presently suspicions were aroused,
the authorities searched his valtae and
found concealed in it a complete copy
of the official plans of the naval de
fenses of Melbourne. Mr. A. D. ilc
l<aren, in hi? Look on "Peaceful Pen
etration." which E. P. Dutton A Co.
published last year, relates with more
detail still other machinations of the
four famous German scientists who
attended the meeting. All four of
them remained in Australia for some
time after war waa declared, and
went about as they pleased, the
authorities recognizing their claim
that science has no nationality and
that its high moral importance sets it
above international quarrels. When
they wished to leave the Australian I
government consented, provided they
would take the oath of neutrality. '
which all four of them did. It was j
then that suspicion wa.? aroused, oe
cause of the manner of one of them. I
and investigation proved that all ot
them were spies and that they had all
been collecting information whose
only use would be to aid a German
army of Invasion. Mr. Melgaren has
made a study of the penetrative meth
ods under the disguise of friendly
commerce and other kinds ot camou
flage by which Germany for years
had kept her spies and asente at work
in all parts of the world, and hla
?mall volume is a museum of "kultur''
Ufa of ?Vordawertb.
Although it may seem a bit unex
pected, even startling, to see a book
of critical literary appreciation come
out of France just now. nevertheleae. :
"The early life of William Words
worth." by Emile l^iiou's, professor
In the University of Lyotv?. which E. j
P. Dutton & Co. are publishing, has a
singular appropriateness to the pr?s- ;
ent time, although it was written ;
some twenty or more yea**? ago. It ?
covers the first twent> -eight years of J
Wordsworth's life, and devotes special '
attention to his life in France during
the Revolution, and his friendship
with some of its important spirits.
A prefatory note by Tesile Stephen
discusses briefly the curious contrast
presented by Wordsworth's youth,
with its enthusiasm for progress and
liberal ideas, and his later life In
which he became an extreme con
servative. Mr. Stephen says that M.
I.egoufs' careful study has thrown
new light on this strange develop
Wordsworth has not been without
prominent critics?Arnold, De ?Julncy,
Pater, Leslie Stephen, and Sir Walter
Raleigh and Elmer More, among others:
this book upon his >outh has stood
almost head and shoulders above the
Vest. It is a perfectly outlined and
perfectly executed portrait of Words
worth's mind from his earliest child
hood until 1796. A translation of this
work In English was brought out by
J. W. Mathews soon after it appeared
In French. No American imprint, ap
parently, was ever made: and Dut
??? have filled the gap by aa tasue
of a fresh edition here-"The Early
Llf? of William Wordsirertb" (ILI?
net). It eontatna a prefatory n?U by
Leslie Stephen, taken from an article
written for the National Review when
Legoula' book flrst appeared.
The ?.eed SeMler.
'The Good ?soldier," Is the title ot
A new collection of soldiers' Ut
ters published July 1 The editor.
N. P. Dawson. has supplied an In
teresting Introduction and preface?
each letter with an explanatory
note. The volum? really give? the
-reader a better Idea of tb? soldier.
his Ufe, ideal?. his nmost
thought?, than can be obtained
from almoat aay other aingle book.
"Here are boys," Mrs. Dawaon
writes, "all sorte of boys: French.
English, Italian. American, young
artists, budding novelists and poets:
musician?: drab and spectacled
London onice clerk? Just oft a ?tool;
an auctioneer from Blixton: elderly
married men. as old aa thlrty-flve,
and 'little nephews' of sixteen;
Cathollea. Protestants, Christians,
Jaws, grave young studente In
arm?; Crusaders of France; Oxford
and Cambridge men aad French
achool boy?; American college men
and American rich men's ?on? from
New Tork and California; a ball
player from Kentucky; 'tho?? splen
did Canadian?*; favorites of for
tune and widow's sons; French pris
oners In Germany, and Oerman pris
oners in France, and little Antonio
In Austria looking longingly out
across the sea to Italy: ? .'latore
ambulance drivers, truck drivers.
?tr?tcher-!f?ejere, gunners: plucky
British officers willing to 'bear the
blunt': and dashing young Saint
Cyrlena going into battle in white
glove? and plums?tbe 'elite of the
world.' the new ariatocraey. not
waiting to ?ee or be summoned, but,
at the first call to arm?, rushing
forth aa Kipling writes, 'as joatllng
"These ere aoldlet?' letter? written
home. But reading, one find? that he
does not think of them as letter? at
all, but as bore Enso, Antonio, Rob
ert, Arthur. Gastpn, William. Marcel.
Harry, Victor. And ?Mae Is filled with
pity that tbey are boys, "mere men*
ss more than one of them says, pitted
against professional sojdler?. expert?
in the refined arta of modern war.
But If one thing more than another
I? revealed In the letter?, tt Is that
the ?niters do not want to be pitied;
rather envied. One boy tella hla par
ent? (an American by hla speech) not.
with their worrying, to take ?he edge
off from his own complete content
ment ?nth what he Is doing. A French
boy says not to call him "poor Jean.:
rather to aay ?dear Jean' or "brave
Jean' or even 'little Jean' but not
'poor Jean.' All expr?s? In one way
and another that death haa no ter
rera for 'the good soldier.' "
New Editi?? of Beavo- R.erref?.
Henry Byecroft, by George Glssing.
has Juat been ?ent out In a new edi
tion by Boni and Liver,ih?. New
In the preface to Henry Hyocroft.
with the transparent aim at realiam
customary in ?uch productions. Gts
slr.g gives sn account of an iraiglnary
friend whose papera he la editing.
This camouflage I? likely to mislead
the reader who know? that tho ?ork
la the autoblosraphy of Closing, to
Imagine that hi? life wai paaaed In
the lame quiet Devonshire retreat aa
that imagined for hla friend. Far
otherwise and far stormier was Ota
sine's life, although the reflection*
embodied In the book are his own.
The novelist died In France, at St.
Jean de Lui, in 1903. when he was
Poverty to Glssing waa not pictur
esque, as it waa to Dickens It was
teal and terrible. He wrote of It alt h
long familiarity and not Aa an ob
server. But with the physical real
ism went an ethical Individualism
which distinguished him from other
painters of the lower world. "I am
no friend of the people." he say*?, In
Henry Ryecroft. "they Inspire me
with distrust and with fear; ?. a vis
ible multitude, they make me shrink
aloof, and often move me to abhor
rence. . . . Right or wrong this Is
my temper. Take a man by himself,
and there is generally some reason to
be found In him, some disposition for
good: mass him with his fellow? In
the social organiom. and ten tl one
he become? a blatant creature, with
out thought of his own. ready tor
any evil to which the conURton
prompts him.'- Whatever we may
think of this as a aoclal cre?d. we
must recognize that this individual
ism is one of Gissing's marked tr.iits
Gissing has many devotees but rio
one wculd place him quite on a kvel
with Thackeray or Trollope. He
rever rises to the heights of the
formet, he lacks the breadth tnd
wholesome completeness of the latter:
but he is far greater than bis scant
popularity would indicate.
The year of Gissing's death marked
the first edition ot this autobiograph
ical work. It deala with tbe earlier
struggles of the author and contain*
as well his mature reflections on life
It is grava without being learned end
pedantic, wise and sceptical without
beim: frigid, a rare treasure.
Records of Auatro-Hungarian atroci
ties, collected and recorded by an
eye-witness, are embodied in a re
port by R. ?. Reis?, D. Se, professor
of the ITniveralty of Lausanne, an I
pubUshed by Simpkin. Marshall.
Hamilton. Kent and Company, of
In unliterary st> ie arid In tabulai
form the facts are set down for the
reader. NO attempt to make the im
port of ?he fearful devastation of
the country felt ie here.
Page after page of murder and fire,
of civilians slain by the sword have
a fearful cumulative effect on the
reader. The book is evidently writ
ten with no thought of anything but
the unvarnished truth, but here and
there bits of the heartbreaking
tragedy creep into the record. For
"About fifty meters further on he
saw another charred corpse ih a
house which had been set on fire,
"In the same village, more to tho
: right, there was an Inn. The lnn
? keeper was bayoneted by Corp. Bego
vitch. The innkeeper's wife, who had
witnessed the scene, wrenched the
j rifle from the corporal and killed
I him. Other Austrians threw them
selves upon her and ripped her bodv
to piece? with their bayonets. Her
child was killed with the same weap
on. The house was completely
Of men and women slain by the
sword, by flame, by ways too terri
ble to mention, the record takes us
through the hapless Serbia In the
wake of the Austrians.
I Many pictures make the record more
? harrowing. Among the pictures are
explosive bullets and wounds made
by the explosive bullets. Dumdum
i bullets were also found to have been
Huntly Carter, an English public
ist, has conducted and edited a sym
posium ot the ideas of a great num
ber of Engliah men and women of
light and leading'on the probable
situation after the war In regard
to labor, capital, industry, com
merce, education and other impor
tant matters and what measures
should be taken to meet It. ?. ?
Dutton and Company are bringing
out tbe book, which la entitled "In
dustrial Reconstruction," In the
United States. Thirty men and wom
en havr contributed articles discus
sing one or another phase of th?
problem. They represent the inter
est? and view pointa of capital ai
invested la m?Bufarti.re?. tran?pdr
tation, trad? and other way?, of or
ganised trade unionists la naif a
down or mor? kind? of labor, of
flat?eletw, economi???, ?cl en tuta, re
ligion? leaders, lawyers, authors
Among th.m ar? O. W. Chesterton.
Havelock Kill?, Hllelre Belloc. Ber
nard Shaw, Edward Cadbary, Sir
Area?aid Danny. Bev. William
Temple. Mr Graham, John Bower
H. O. W?ii?. Oecrge Ruiaell
Meary waa Dyke Hag
Dr. Henry van Dyk?. author of
"Th? ?tory of tb? Other Wim Man.'
was mentioned a? a candidate for
the United ?Util Sanata In a con
ference between the Atlantic Coun
ty Democratic Committee and State
I.?dei?. Dr. van Dyk? who baa just
returned from tb? N*th*Hanea and
Luxembourg la a warm friend ot
President Wlleon. Among hi? best
know? book? are "The Manato?" and
"Tbe Loot Bey."
Margaret DHaad Back Cree? rrmmre.
Margaret Deland, wboee meet re
cent book. "Around Old Cheater." I*
published by the Harper?, baa Ju??
returned from France, where ?be haa
been actively Interested In erar work
in Parla In "Around Old Chester"
tha reader meets many of tbe char
acters that appeared tn her earlier
book?: "Dr. La vendar*? People" and
?The Awakening of Helena Richie "
while the action take? place In Old
Cheater, ?tortea of which ?he haa told
In "Old Cheater Tal??."
Pa? O'Brlra Cele? Dartag AeeSSee?.
?eut Pat* O'Brien, whoee book.
"Outwitting the Hun." give? the full
?ccount of his edventurou? escape
from a German prison camp. I? mak
ing ?plendld progresa after hi? acci
dent. The newspaper? recounted that
the bystanders stood spellbound aa
the machine crashed to the earth and
on running to the ?pot had very little
hope of finding the intrepid airman
alive. However, he was found In hi?
?eat. unconscious. One Incident baa
Just come to light. On opening hla
?yea he looked around and, after aak
Ing where he waa, noticed tbe blood
from bla broken noee pouring over
hi? clothe?. "Gee"' be ?aid. "won't
?ome fellow get me ?ome gasolene
to clean up with? Thl? I? the only
ault I b?ve with meV' O'Brien wa?
easily the coolest man In the crowd,
keeping hi? he?d with the ?ame
? plrit th?t enabled him to face the
ordeal? told of In "Outwitting the
Sir Gilbert Parker Resiga? Pre??
8lr Gilbert P?rker. whoee late.'t
book waa "The World for Sale." haa
resigned from political life and In a
letter to Harper * Brother?, hut pub
lUher?, he write?: "Thi? is ray last
day in Parliament and on Thursday
I go to ray constituency of Gravesend
and introduce tbe new candidate who
1* to succeed roe. Then for a few day.
In the country with friends, and after
that nothing but building up." It Is
expected that Sir Gilbert will soon
start to work on a new novel.
Percy James Brebner's sequence
of detective stories, "Christopher
Queries." which E. P. Dutton at ?Jo.
flrat published in the I'nlted Stales
nearly four years ago. has been sell
ing so steadily ever since that they
have just brought out the third edi
tion. Mr. Brebner is an English
author with nearly a score of novels
to his credit. He begsn sdult life ,
with the intention of being a stock ?
broker, but after a short time in that
j occupation turned to writing tupphm
| as more congenial. He has always
been much interested also in the work
? of hospitals and has written much
! about it. His Christopher Quarte., is
! a queer old professor of philosophy j
' who sids a young detective in the
] solving of many mysterious crime?.
I A love story runs through the ?e
. quence of tale?.
; -The Iron Rallen- te be rahll.hr?
| Harper & Brother? h??e Just made
' an arrangement with one of the moat
celebrated publishing houses in l'ini.
? Hschette Co.. for the publication In
France of Capt- Schreiners "The
' Iron Ration." Messrs. Hachette ex
, pect to bring out the book eariy in
the autumn. The translation is to be
j nade by a well-known professor of
the Sorbonne. This will make the
! third country In which "The Iron
' Ration" has been published, having
: already been accepted by a.t Enzllsn
? publisher shortly a!ter its publica -
I tion in America.
?.e. Ideisi te Lies?. Pat O'Brlrw.
! Lieut. Pat. O'Brien, author of "Oitt
! witting the Hun." haut Just ?u*tained
another fall from an airplane, this
' time j.pfto feet In Texas ln
? stead of $,000 feet behind the German
j Hues. He 1? suffering from a broken
! nose snd la badly shaken, but aa soon
' as he had climbed out of the damaged
machine he started Joking and ?aid
i he wa? ready for travel. Shortly after
; the publication of his book. "Outwlt
' ting the Hun." by Harper ?t Brother?.
I Lieut. O'Brien ?tarte?! on a lecture
tour and has been flying In different
' aviation camp? in the l.'nlled States.
) a? well a? doing splendid work during
: the Third Liberty Loan campaign.
? "My deed, must be m? life. When
| I ai,i deed my ??tions must speak
? for me," ?aid Stephen Girard.
founder of Girard College, ?here
over S,t)00 orphan boys have since
received a college education; back
er of the First Liberty Loan ?In
the War of 181?). to the tune of
many millions, when the people
failed to take It: financial barker.
! also, of the first national bank:
I hero of the yellow fever epidemie
j in Philadelphia, ?hen he not only
I nursed th? ?tricken but buried the
?dead with hi? own hands: patriot.
and philanthropist, whose bio
graphy Is only now. when he ha?
been eighty-seven years dead, put st
the service of his fellow countrymen
by John Bach McMaster. the suthor.
and J. B. Lipplncott. publishers. His
Girard College boys occupy position?
of honor and trust In every calling
and profession, and are worthy repre
sentatives of one of Girard'? noblest
Among the poems which will be in
cluded In Rudyard Kiplings new
book of verse, which Is to be pub
lished this fall by Doubled??. Page a
Co.. are a large number of his recent
wsr poems, some famous verses not
touching upon war. and others which
have never been published before In
Rob Wagner, whose, "Film Folk"
appeared this spring, had had a
varied career before he caat m his
lot with the moving picture studio
world of Loa Angeles. Before the
Spanish war. in which he ?erved. he
was chief illustrator on the Criter
ion, the brilliant magasine which
numbered In it? staff, among others,
James Huneker. Perclval Pollard.
j and Vance Thompson. After the
! war he went with Rupert Hughe? to
London, where he became chief il
lustrator on the Encyclopedia Bri
tannica and made 2.000 illustrations
for The Historian? Hlatorv of the
World." Later he went to Parla to
ctudy art. at the Acad?mie Julian,
and became a portrait painter, his
first medal being for a portrait of
Steward Edward White exhibited et
the Pan-American Exposition Ot
late year? he haa given mor? and
more time to writing, moat of his
?torte? dealing with movie life.
"The German 'Hymn of Hate' bids
fair to become one of England's na
tional ?on*?," ?rite? stub Eri?
Wood, ia "The Neta-Book af aa la?
Mill-To no? Off) car."' "Jojat as de lost??
"Yankee Doodle.' flr?? composed aad
played by the am?lela?? of British
troop? early la tbe Amerlcaa Rev
olution, was laur. oa the ucoaslaa
of their ?aal surrender at Tovk
town. played at them by th? banal?
of tbe Continental army aad sub
sequently beeame one of Amerlce's
aatlonal song?, havlag ?Mar a pop
ularity rivalled oaly by 'Dixie.* it
la truly aa extraordltaary sight to
aee a British reglaoaat on tao
march singing the Hymn of Hate at
the top of their lung? and at th.
chorus to bear avoase dear teaor
Voice sing out, 'Whom de w? hater
aad then the whole battalion's re
ply In a voice of thunder?Eag
"Who says that the peaaantry of
aay part of KurcfSa ?a to be compared
as a general subject with our South
ern peaaantry, tbe ?egroa* ?" aay?
Julian Street, la Amerlcaa Adver
tures." "What baa European peas
antry that ours has not? Is hla em
b otdered ?stair? more dtaUn? r ?
thaa tba negro'? burlap (aot wrap
pia?s? Ia hta habitation more
charactertatic tbaa the tumble-damn
negro cabla wtth Its overflow ef
pickaninnies, fowla aad cura, or
the even moro) amaaing shanty boat
built of driftwood, la which the afl?
?lseippl River negro abides with hi?
family, hta dog?, aad bla barn y ap?
creature?" la the folk music of the
European peasant more Individual or
more beautiful than our negro melo
dies? No. The Southern neiro la the
world'? peasant aupt-eme. la no ar
tistic requirement of peaaanthood la
he surpassed by tbe European ? a.
ant, and tbere Is oae lnflnit.lv pic
turesque particular la which it can
not be disputed that, be outdo-? them
all. That Is In hta color Not only
la he by birth, custom, and cost urne
a ptaaant. but he wear? the badge or
hta condition in the pigment ot hi?
If the Kaiser Had
Booth Tarklngton say? in 1??? ar
tide on the Kaiser, which appears
in the American Magasine:
"What the Germans needed fur a
Kaiser was a man with a sens, ot
comedy. Such a man would have
saved them, for he would have oe-n
the dunderhead tragedy of the no
tion? they were getting about iliem.
?elvea. But Wilhelm haa no corned v,
though he la a romantic actor and
?tage manager. That has been his
most disastrous accomplishment,
setting scenes for himaelf. He lov
ed the gesture of being tbe Be
Sojer Han and he loved rattim.
Of course be had to threaten
? omebody: What? Big Sojer Mar.
for, rf he doesn't ?bout. 'You bettet
look out or I'll cut your head? oft?
Thia aatiafled something In him. for
there is a wolfleh streak la the kind
of actor he is. and there ta a mt
of wolf to be seen in some of hi?
photographs. 'Rattling the saber'
wa? congenial to hta temperament,
and also he believed it had a value
aa '?tateamanahip.' It kept the rest
of Europe afraid that Oermary
?vould make war. and thus ottet r
nationa endured humiliation?, in
order to preserve the peace, wh?:?
Germany increased in power an?
Really Doesa t Werk."
Charlea Kdison, ?on of Thoma?
?. Edison, aay? in an artici?? in *>?
American ?Maialine- :
"Father and I agree on man??
thing*-?, but there are aome. i?f cou ? a?.
on which we differ. For examplr. !
cannot and will not wurk urn??
houra out of the twenty-four, a?
he doe?. Father seeir.n to find : ? -
?taxation by changing from <??
piece of work to another, on the
a ver aae. I put in ten solid hours at
work; after that 1 want a com
plet? change. However. ?1 ran c :
It from very simple thins??just go
inp over to New York and walkmr
along the street, watching tl.*
crowds, talking with my fnendr. -r
even with total ?tranger* ? human
being ia more Interesting to rr.?
than any machine ever invented.
"Father spende all day and mu?t
of the night on hia machines and
problems. But for all that, I dor't
know that he ever really *work
He ia simply having a ???. the*
Sometimea 1 think he mould lave
accomplished juat aa much if ?
hadn't put in ao many hours at it ?
but I don't know. I certainlv
would not advise the average mat
to follow his schedule. If be -din
not have a wonderful constitu?m?i
he could have followed it himself
Strwf S?t?M?( Hurt? Stoaack
In an article about food and grow
ing fat, a well-knew ? doctor sa\s in
the American Ma gasine:
"When you continue to pou- strong
mustards and other seasoning* into
your food ?J - after -day and mee-k
after week there can be no question
but that their effect is injurious. 1:
Is exactly the same aa if one used a
drug of some sort. Constant >.?
-.reates the desire to Increase quanti
ties until the amount used becomes
For example, everyone Wnome tha*
when mustard or pepper is put on o?
?(kin. the >kin reddens and in ? ?? ?*
min utes ? blister is caused. A nd
since the skin can stand a great de.?
more than the membrane of the mouth
a nd stomach, you can well imag: - ?
the effect upon it when you pout
strong mustards and peppers in your
stomach. So If you are prone to in
digestion and gastriti a, aee If you are
not using too much seasoning In . t
Do Yo? ?Sei Ywtdf to Otker*.
In an editorial note, the editi .
of the American Magasine sa:?
"Some people fail utterly when it
comes to selling themselves t ->
others. They arouse antagonism
They are constantly in hot wate ?
They don't make friend?. Their a*
soci?t?? dlallke them and do all the
can to block them.
"Tet ?elling yourself to otlu
people Is the most Important ?ale
you can make. The ordinary man
is no king. He can't order folka to
bend the knee. He cant break thn?
necke if they refuse to do U. He
must win them to him. get them
with him. gala their loyalty by caie,
"Many a man in business needs
above everything elee aome good
hard practice In the gentle art af
coming off his perch.
A LINE O" a-EER
EACH DAY ?' THE YEAR
By JehB Ktodlkt Baa??
A W ?R IM-n-uTCStlOV
I cazed upon a ?cene of war
And there amid the waiter ?ore
The birds sang sweetly la the wood.
And even ?-here I stood
Giaaa green a? ever mortal knew
And flower? full of beauty grew;
And gleaming thro' the flare
Of conflict and the glare
At night the ?tars abone brightly o'er
That -carry field of war.
And seemed to ?-end down amile? e?
Aa token from the boat? above
That all the aacrlrvee and pain
That Valor ?utleted theie ?a? net In
While Mother Earth? rich arma ?ers?
To cta.p ?ter weary eeas close to her
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