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Today?Fair; continued warm. To morrow?Probably teff. Highest temperature yeetertlay, 96; ?ow*?*. *5 ERALD YOU MUST READ A MORNING NEWSPAPER TO LEARN THE LATEST WAR* DEVELOPMENTS 1 NO. 4287. WASHINGTON. D. C. MONDAY. .JULY 22. 1918. Oise cent ?^jr^rtTtTi ALLIES CROSS ARN J HUN U-BOATS OFF COAST Sink Tug and Three Barges Near Chatham on Cape Cod. Shell Unarmed Men. SWEEPERS FIND MINE,NEST Discovery Off Fire Island Clears Mys tery of San Diego's Destruc tion Friday. An Atlantic Port, July 21.?German submarines are again operating off the Atlantic coast. A sea-going tug and three barges have been set on fire by shells and sunk off the Massachusetts coast as the initial result of the first day's renewed activity of the submersible. There have been no casualties reported thus far. PROBABLY SUNK SAN DIEGO. It i* thought by officials that the appearance of the submarine off here today is a positive proof that the armored Cruiser San Diego, sunk on Friday morning, was a victim of a German U-boat, either the same or a sister boat of the craft that played havoc with the "small-fry" tug and barges today. First intimation of the U-boat's activity came when the Navy De partment early this afternoon gave out an official statement that read as follows: ?a? ? It??Mla >???.?. + "An enemy ?ubmarine ia operating on* the Massachusetts coast. ? the Navy Department haa been advised. "The Orleans naval station on Cape Cod, near Chatham, reporta sighting a tu* aad three barre? on Are. hav ing- been ?helled by a ?ubmarine, which wa? seen. "American warship? from the First naval district are out after the sub marina." Late tonight cama thia supplemen tary atatement from Rear Admiral Palmer, acting Secretary of tb? Navy: "The Navy Department this after noon recetred a dispatch .?toting that the tug and bargee shelled by a tub m-trine off the Massachusetts coast a vere sunk. All of the crew of the lug -were rescued. One m?n waa injured by ?hell-fir?. The men were taken to (*o'i?t ijuard Station No. 48, Orleans, Ma??." Find Hun Mines Off Fire Island. Point o' Wood?, N. T.. July ?.?.? Oerman submarine was sighted about one mile east of the Pire Island lightship at 7 o'clock Friday evening, it was learned today. This ia re garded aa solving the question aa to the manner in which the cruiser Man Diego was sunk the same day. The lightship I? anchored about twelve miles south of Fire Island light. Many ?cout ships were within wire less call of the lightship, which im mediately notified them of the pres ence of the submarine. A large fleet responded and the hunt for the under sea? craft wa? started. Heavy firing at ?ea was heard In many places on the south coast of Long Island at 8 o'clock Friday night and again at S o'clock Saturday morning. Mia? Swee??ere La-ntr "feat. A fleet of mine ?weepers, sent to ? the vicinity of the San Diego sink ing on Saturday morning, rounded up a lare nest of mines of Ger man make, which were destroyed. The discovery of the mines remov ed all doubt that one or more sub marines had been mlneeowlng off the Fire Island coast for several days. The torpedo which is accepted here as the cause of the San Diego? death blow tore Its way through the cruiser'? engine room, putting her machinery and wireless out of commission at enee. Another \ emmett Indication? that another vessel, not yet reported, had been sunk by the L'-boat wen.? shown in the drifting ashore of many barrel? of rude oil along Fire Island beach, between L??ne Hill life-saving' sta tion aad Fire Island Inlet. Many of th? barrels were burned, others were charred and still others were full of oil. Belief was expressed here th?t the oil barrels may have come from a tank ship. Hydroplane? are still ?klmmlng over and near th? surface of the ocean, searching for bodies of men missing from the San Diego. None hav? floated ashore, nor have any been dl?eovered by the plane?. (. Bring Frightfulness Across Atlantic. The American destroyer? are to night searching everywhere in Norta Atlantic water? for tbe ?ubmarine that yesterday brought frightfulness home to thl? country. With additional patrols along the transport lane?, and precaution? taken ?Isewhere on the coast. It wa? ?aid there ?rill be no Interruption of the ?tream of men and munitions now (oing to Europe. Tho Navy Department received con lrmatlon that the tug and three barges, attacked off Cap? Cod. by tb? submersible, had been sunk. The -?port ?aid all the crew wer? saved, ind that but one man waa Injured ty ?hellflre. Th? reappearance ot the ?ubmarine waa not a surprise to officials. But th? brutality of th? attack and the ltter lack of military valu? <t Doaght tha undersea boat served to bring ealixatlon of the fact that Germany waa trying to make good her fright *u]n??a threat It la not known definitely whether tone or ?nor? U-boat? are operating In our water?. Some navy officials comittvo) on PAGX rwa V ASK FARMERS FOR INCREASED WINTER WHEAT a Dept. of Agriculture Gills for 47,500,000 Acres This Fall. _ i Th? Department of Agriculture. It waa announced yeaterday, ha? aaked tarmer? to aow 47,500,000 acrea In win ter wheat thia fall/ Thia would yield approximately 067.000,000 bushel??the greatest winter crop In history. While the Department'? request specifically mention? 46,000.000 acre? a? tbe number to be ?own. It asks farm er? if they cannot raise the total to 47,500.000 acre?. The latter acreage would be 12 per cent Increase over last year, and would provide abundantly for the needs of the allied nation?. When harvest time roll? around tt ! will be known a? the "Liberty Wheat Harvest." according to the plan? of I the Department. Official? alao plan corresponding increase? In the produc tion of spring wheat and Uve stock. Big Crep Thia Year. The last crop report forecast? a 1918 harvest of ?90.930.000 bushels of winter and spring wheat. If weather condition? next year are favorable the 1919 harvest of winter ? and spring wheat will be well over the billion mark tn bushels. From the 45.000.000 acreage, how- . ever, a total of 636.000,000 bushels would be raised, on the basi? of an average yield of 15.7 buahels per acre and an abandonment of 10 per cent of the are? ?own on account of winter kill. Even with ? normal good crop, ?uch as Is evident for this fall, the country'a reserve supply or "carry over." la practically exhausted. It Is ?aid. and at all event? i? the smallest on record. Its up to the farmers this fall and next spring to build up a sufficient reserve. Aerease by State?. This 1? how the department figure? the States In this section will have to increase their winter wheat acreage thi.? fall over 1917 to make successful the "Liberty Wheat Harvest" of 1919: 1917 ' 1918 acreage, acreage. New York . 612.000 ??.000 New Jersey . 99.000 104.000 Pennsylvania .1.510,000 1.683,000 Delaware . 14?*,O0O 160.000 Maryland . 717.000 811.000 Virginia .l.st*U*0 1.609,000 Weet Virginia . 3K.00O 390.000 Many States are not asked for In crease? ?uch aa Kansas. They are State? that have suffered from drouth condition?. If condition? become fa vorable, however, an Increaae will be expected from them. In Michigan, Wiaronaln, Minnesota and South Da kota, larger Increase of winter wheat acreage la not suggested because of heavy increases for rye. "TED," JR., TO RECOVER. Cable Says Wound Is in Leg, Not Serious. Oyster Bay. ?. ?:, July a.?The wound of Mai Theodore Roosevelt. Jr.. new? of which waa cabled yea terday from Prance by hi? wife, to Colonel Roosevelt will probably not keep the young soldier from the tir ing Une many weeks, according to a second cable received tonight by the Colonel from his daughter-in-law ? follows: ' "Ted ha? a clean bullet wound through the leg below the knee. Bla??? Hoapltal. then my home. No danger.*" The major's wife la engaged In Red Pro?? hospital work In Paria. It la assumed from her message that her husband will recupeate la her Parla home. TOP s THE MARNE IN, HEINE! D. C. BOY SAFE THOUGH ON SAN DIEGO CRUISER Poscal Armstrong Wires Parents of Escape Second Time in Year. ?'Safe and well, Pascal."? was the message that brought to an end two days of suspense and fear that had held the minds of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Armstrong of Washington. The telegram was the first word of the safety of their son. Pascal Edward Armstrong, who was a sea man on the armored cruiser San Diego when that vessel was sunk last Friday. ? So far as known, young Armstrong was the only Washington boy on board the Ill-fated war vessel. "Don't worry, mother. I am going Into this war with Uncle Sam. We're going to lick Germany badly, but I'll come back without a scratch." Eallated at Eighteen. That was the message Pascal left with his mother when, he enlisted In the navy, ?hortly after the United States entered the war. Now 19 years of age, he enlisted in the navy a year ago last May. Before enlisting he was employed by the Dupont Powder Company, at Hopewell. Va. He tried to re sign to enter the navy, but th? company wouldn't let him. He was given an Indefinite leave of absence and told that all of "his thing?" would be put away for safe keep ing until hla return. Despite hi? boast of returning without a scratch, young Armstrong has had two narrow escapes from death. Recently he wa? ?truck l?y a falling 8-Inch ?hell, and his injury sent him to the hospital. He was released from medical care and ordered back to the San Diego Just before ?he sailed on her last voyage, and for the second time narrowly missed death. Nlae-Year-Old Help.. While hi? big brother I? away from home In tb? nation'? fighting force?, Clement Moore Armstrong, who i? Ju?t ? year? old, believe* In "help ing all he can." He already own? two liberty bonds but is a somewhat disappointed young man because, when hi? parent? finally agreed to yield to his Importuniti?? that he be allowed to "get a Job" and "help some mor?," be found It impossible to obtain a permit. The authorities thought he waa too young to go to work. They may be rflHit. But any way Clemen? Is steadily trying to find some one who I? willing to dis regard that fact and ??give him a Job anyway. Mr. aad Mra Armstrong, with their two ?on?, came to Washington sev eral years ago. Pascal Armstrong, after attending public ?t-'hool here, was employed for a short time In the Botanical Gardens and later at Hope well While on board the San Diego, he tra? a member of one of the 5 lnch gun crewa Russian General m Charily. Parla, July a.?Oen. Brusllofr. for mer commander-in-chief of the Rus ?Ian army, who waa ?rounded In th? rioting In Moscow, la at present living i ?ntlrely on public charity. Hon Press Calls Their Drive a Failure; Hans Revealed by Prisoners Paris, July ai.?The German ?ress is realizing that the [ a r ? e - Champagne offensive haa ended in disaster. _ One paper say?: SSL "We are unable to conceal any longer the fact that Ger man prisoners betrayed our of fensive plans. We must recog nize that the German offensive hag been a failure. The Ger man people are patiently await ing the issue.* CREW OF 9 IN NEW GIANT HUN PLANES Carry 4 Engines. Wing Spread 140 Feet. Length 90 Feet. Paris. July B. ?Germany is turn ing in desperation to construction of giant bombing planes to overcome the increasing superiority of the allies in this field. Its latest machine can now carry nine passengers, consisting ot the of of the pilot, another pilot in charge of the engines, two obaerver officers, two machine gunners and three spe cialist engineers. The plane? are of the Lizenz model and their chief characteristics follow: Four motor-engines each of SO0 horsepower; spread of wings. 1*0 feet; total length, 90 feet; weight, empty, over nine tons*, weight, fully loaded, over fourteen tons. Two tons of bombs can be carried. Seventy-five to eighty miles an hour maximum speed. Armament consist? of four machine guns. The allied aviators, however, ar? now flying In gigantic plane? that can readily withstand any numbers of th? latent Oerman machines. THEFTS OF FREIGHT TOTAL $38,000,000 Loss in One Year Makes U. S. Plan Big Hunt New York, July 21.?Upward of 138.000.000 was ' lost last year, through theft of freight in transit in the United States, it was an nounced yesterday. Federal authorities, determined to make freight matter a? aafe as the maila, have perfected-? plan where by shippers of freight will be se cure agalnat larceny while their property is in the band? of gov ernment employee. Beginning tomorrow, a systematic thief-hunt will be Instituted by the government, which will employ thousands of men in the work, in the vicinity of New Tork. St. Loul?, Chicago, MemphU. Kansa? City, Denver and San Francisco. The Railroad Administration de termined this on receipt of reports of th? magnitude of the freight thefts, In one" alone of which mer chandise valued at J10.000 wa? ?te len from a ?Ingle car near Kansas City. Guards detailed to watch val uable goods tn transit hav? been murdered, and looting on a whole sale scale ha? passed beyond the point where local, police au thornier? in th? various citi?? can cop? wtth GAS SHELLS ARE POTENT WAR WEAPON Many Advantages Over Pro jectors?New Means of Defense. Uncle Sam'e ga* experta today re gard ga? shell? aa the most Important method of using gasea In warfare. Vomiting gas from ?hells I? far more effective than ?ending it In cloud? : out of cylinder?. Success I? not dependent on the, wind, and there are no elaborate trench preparations against backfire Ordinarily cannoneers Are the sheila, with long-range gun? or trench mortar?. The target? can be picked out with? accuracy. Gas shells, too, can be fired over hills, where poisonous clouds then roll into dugout? and rout gunner? from their position?. The Huns use two types of ?hell?.' some explode when they hit, other? have time fuses. They ?end over ?hell? with long-time fuse?, then other? with ?horter fuses, which ex plode all at once. Certain ga? shells are marked I "T" or "K." The first contain , dense casses, slow to disperse: the | "K" ?hell? deliver lighter gases that! float away quickly, allowing a?- j aault troops to follow up the gas ? attack. Besides Issuing masks. United States army gas specialists have carefully instructed Pershlng'? ?ol dler? In other protective methods. They have shown them how to stop the Hun gases, all heavier than air, from pouring Into dugouts and cel lars. Blankets are nailed across the top of the doorways of dugouts and attached along the bottom edge to a plank upon w.? Ich the blanket may be rolled up. When the gaa warning is sounded these blanket? are unrolled and ?prayed with wate?? or a mixture of water and glycerin to ensure eir ttk-htneas. , The mtn '.re also ta'-?11 M clear trenches and dugouta after a 8 attack. The men literally dig the g*a Sut with big canvaa Maries that have the general form of a ?now shovel. In dugouts a small fire of wood will ihs perae the poisonous fumes. Harry Lauder a Candidate. London, July 21.?Harry Lauder yesterday announced that he la candidate for Parliament In the next general election. He ?ays he proposes to run against Ramsay MacDohald and Philip Snowden (both Labor ite? with pacifist lean ings), and "smash the pacifists." Permits en Bri?? Roads. London, July 21.?After Sept. 1 no person will be able to use any horse or vehicle with a carrying capacity of 1,50t) pounds without a permit from the Road Tranaport Board. Those used In agricultural work will be ex empted. Ear- SfcecVi ia Soar* Africa. Johannesburg. South Africa, July 21. ?Tan earth ?hock? occtired In thia re gion yesterday. They caused the col lapee of -the mlneworks. Damage and casualties are not yet determined. GERMAN ARMY TO BE DRIYEN BEYOND AISNE; Experts Joyously Hear of i Probable Piercing Cha teau Tierry Line. Further" realignment of the ? Marne salient boundaries is expvct- 1 ed within a few day? by military expert* here. It 1? pointed out that the desperate fighting by the Ger mans to the north of Chateau Thierry and on the line to th? eaat | give? every evidence of being rear j guard engagement? carried on by picked German units. The feeling i? general here that the close of this week will see the ' German forces attempting to hold a new line on the Ce?le River. Some ? experts would not be surprised if the allies forced them to give up ? the entire salient and reassume the line on the Chemin-des-Dam?s to the north of tbe Alone River. tot Great Life 1.?????. The dispatches of the Universal > Service reporting the possible pierc ing of the German line to the north west of Chateau Thierry ?ra? re ceived here with Joy. Official? pointe i ] out that the report must praaaage the capture of Oulchy-dee-Chateau. which commands the railroad along | the Ourcq River and possession of : which would force the Germans to I abandon all territory to the south of . Armentierre?. That a movement back to the line of thl* railroad 1? probably under way I? evidenced by the fact that the Franco-American force? hav? taken Chateau Thierry, apparently without great los? of life. Military experle yesterday stated that the report bearing upon the menace by the allie? of the highway connecting Soissons and Fere-en-Tar denola la of great significane?, as con trol of this highway at any point | would prevent the German forces from I establishing a new Une on Breny, j Armentiere?, vtllers-sur-Fer and to ? the northeast to Rheims In other word?, there I? great reason j now to hope that the ?hlrt-?leeved American?, aided by the British and French, have driven forward wltk ?uch daah and momentum that the German? will lose far more than the foot of the salient on the Marne Retake 1??? Sanare Mile?. If the allies ahould force tha Ger mana to retire to the line they held ? previous to May 27, It would mean ?that they would retake from tb? en emy a salient thirty mil?? deep ?nd about 1.U00 square mile? in area. lile generally accepted theory ha? been held among military expert? that In driving their lin? to the Marne In the fighting of May and June, th? Germans toook ??,??? prisoners. It would appear that already th? ?HI?? have taken about half that number in their counter driva. Should it prove that th? Franco American forcea have pierced th? Ger man line?, the German withdrawal may take on the semblance of a rout In which case the number of pris oner? would increase rapidly. Ther? I? every reason to believe OONTlNltD?N PAOC TWO* v. ' French and Americans Join in Pursuit of Re treating Huns on Northern Bank?Report German Line Pierced. .__?._??-_?I???_?_-?>??_?_?_?_???_?_??. AMERICANS ALONE TAKE 17,000 CAPTIVES; ? CHATEAU THIERRY FALLS TO ALLIES ?_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_ British Join in Offensive Near Soissons; Berlin for First Tine Mentions that American Troops Are in Action on Marne Front; Losses Inflicted, Claim With the ?American ?Army on the Marne, .July 21.?The French and Americans have broken through the German line northwest of Chateau Thierry, it is stated in authoritative sources to night FRANCO-AMERICANS CROSS MARNE. 'aris, July 21.?Pursuing the German forces, which were driven back to the north bank of the Marne, the French and Americans have followed them across the river. American and French troops have entered Chateau Thierry on the Marne. A violent battle rages north and south of the Ourcq. Heavy Ger man re-enforcements are met by Franco-American reserves. Between the Marne and Rheims the counter drive is making steady progress despite the fierce German resistance, backed up by ever-increasing reserves. The German line is reported to have been pierced northwest of Chateau Thierry. PRISONERS MAY TOTAL 25,000. Prisoners are being brought in in steady ?tiran?. li to?1 is unofficially reported to be near the 25,000 mark. ?Considerably more than 400 guns have been captured. A summary of the official day communique is as folle?**??? : "This morning French troops entered Chateau Thierry. "Violent fighting is going on north and south of the Ourcq and between the Marne and Rheims. "Despite stiffened German resistance our progress con tinues.'* TAKE 17,000 PRISONERS, 560 GUNS. Headquarters American Army in Fran?. July 21.?At 10 o'clock Saturday morning the Americans had taken 17.000 prisoners, actualiy counted, and 560 guns. Cien. Pershing reported in his communique made public tonight. No Germans were on the south side of the Mame at 10:30 Saturday morning. The communique follows: "It was reported at 6:30 o'clock on the evening of Jury 19: Aviation reported dense clouds of smoke covering the bridges over the Marne. This may be to hide a withdrawal. A large assembly of of troops in the region southeast of Ville-en-Tardenois is reported by aviation. This may be for a counter atta?? on the center of the allied attack of yesterday. German counter attacks were very strong today, especially from Aisne to Chaudun, where they teem to have reached the middle of the plateau west of Ploisy. and to have taken ChaurJur Farther south we progressed to Chouy and Neuilly-St. Front. On the Marne-Rheims front the enemy appears on the defensive, and we ad vanced slightly in places." ?.-?_??. Filloa. a, mounted America?? "It wa? reported at 11:.? o'clock J a-,,?. ?* on the evening of July IS: 'Ad- ? troop?, vane? continues. Counter attack? | Tbe last four erman? had quit tas? thrown back. We have taken Oour- llown a few minute? prrvioualjr. and a quarter of an hour later cavale? meli??, and are Mar (wait of) VII lemontoire. weit of (about 600 ma ter?) Ple??ier Huleu, and have taken Roset St. Albln aad Maubry. In the Roiet St. Albln region th? Ger mana appeared to be fleeing, ?? few prisoner? were made.' "It waa reported at 1 o'clock on the morning of July 20: W? have taken 17,000 prisoner?, actually counted, and 560 gun?. At th? north, near Soissons. we hold the Montaigne de Pari?; then further south we hold Courmelle?. Vllle montoire I? held by th? German?, but wa are ?till advancing. Wa are juit weit ot Tlgny. Roset st Albln 1? our? Manbry la our?. Above we are west of Pleeeler Hu leu. We are making good progress during the night-' "Reported at 10:1h o'clock on tha morning of July 20, from French general headquarter?: "German? have retreated acro?? the Marne River. There are no Germana un th? aouth aide. French are at tacking more or lea? everywhere. Attacking on the weit, but the morning report? have not come in. ao far." American Troops Occupy Chateau Thierry. With the American? at the Marne. Jury tl.?Chateau Thierry? tba town on th? north bank of tb? Marne which the Germans have held ever since they reached the Marna In their great drive laat May. and which haa been tha southern pivot of their nana ?eine Parla, waa evacuated by them thia morning. Tha French and Americana occupied the town and are now pushing for* ward tn a northeasterly direction Yaatka Outlay City. At ?JO o'clock thl? morning, an hour after the <3erman? had evacuated ?VThateau Thierry, we marched into the city, Mat?te? a aquatlron of rounded up :h. quartet. They wer? telephonist? and had been advulna the retreating Germana by mean? or hidden wires regarding the Ft?too American entry into the ?own. Out of the cellar, a? we entered, came rushing an aged nttle woman, a widow she waa. we learned later. OT years old. and loudly thanked ?3sJB that the town had been delivered ?re ihe Invader, crying again and again "Vivent lea A merle alti?.** She rushed up to ??? and kissed me on both cheek?. Than a cobbler, ? year? old. duplicated thia can?*??"" of Joy. afterwarda aaklng pardea. Ju?i then a French artillery general ar rived In an armored automobile. Tha aged woman ktaaad hi? hand. Ba leaned over and klwd her cheek? ?a Immediately a atra?? of ai hum ed machin?e came dashing Into the city carrying three-Inch and machine gun? Dragoon? and lancer? came, drawing field gun? which were aoon placed lai position on th? height? north of Cha teau Thierry. In the meantime American? were already emplaclng ?rua? on Hill set and aoon th? retreating German col umna were under haatry cross fire, while French. British and American airplanes were swooping low. Mad Ing stream? of machine gun bullet? Into their rank?. Th? German Infantry I? falli?? back In an easterly direction. American? ?prang a ?fa?? the Marne over pontoons and must boat? provided by engineer?. Now a coa verging movement I? under way toward the Alas?. ** ? French and American? ara at? am Ing ?stride the Ourcq In aa e. terly direction, forging ahead aad ?Inch ing In the bottle neck ? ?rough which the Germana are reti ing. The Germans did not ar firn t? Chateau Thierry before 1? .vtag ?. beceuee they feared the oomiaccB ?G rat? ? ?yd.