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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, July 31, 1918, Image 1

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THE WEATHER
Today?Partly cloudy, with moder
ate temperature. Tom tyfrow?Fair;
warmer. Highest temperature yes
terday, 84; lowest, 71.
YOU MUST READ
A MORNING NEWSPAPER
TO LEARN THE
LATEST WAR DEVELOPMENTS
NO. 4296.
WASHINGTON. D. C. WEDNESDAY. .JULY 31. 1918.
OME CENT __J2___!!rvr.?
ALLIES HURL RE-ENFORCED ENEMY BACK;
CAPTURE POSITIONS DOMINATING SERGY
SOVIETS PLAN
NEW ARMY ON
STR0N6LINES
German Influence Would
Turn New Power
Against Allies.
SUCCESS IS DOUBTFUL
Move Might Lead to Col
lapse of Bolsheviki
Regime.
Late advices to the State Depart
ment, credited to Swedish presa re
porta, give the new? that the Bol
sheviki government of Russia has de
cided to abolish the Red Guard and
reorganize the military forcea of the
nation along the old tinea.
In some official quarters and among
certain foreign diplomats thia news
is read aa the tearing-of. mask of
the whole Bolsheviki pretense of So
cialistic government and the disclo
sure of the Germanic influence which
is guiding the trend of events in
Russia from behind the acenes.
Others do not take such a radical
view. They believe that the Bolshe
viki government haa been forced to
this step as an act of self-preserva
tton against the anarchy and revolu
tion U_?t ia sweeping the entire ter
titory, once a great empire, and
threatening a reign of terror in which
no law and no authority will be para
mount over mob rule.
The Red Guard, the only military
organization recognized in the pub
lished creed of the Bolsheviki gov
? tn ment, was little more than unor
i*t niied heads of local police respon
sible In a haff-hearted way to the
local soviet. The Soviet council,
which ia supposed to represent th?
government of the Russian people.
has had no military or police organ
ization under its control with which
to enforce Ita decrees.
<?eld Only Mean ri?-?.
An organization and mobiiiz?iti?m <
-of a Russian army along the old ;
lines could mean only one thing, ini
the opinion of men in Washington
who are In (.losest touch with the
Russian situation. That is that Rus
sia ?s preparing to tight The Bol
i-hiwk government is too thoroughly
under Germ.in influence as ?t pres
ent organized lo turn against Ger
man) and again align herself with
UN? lilies. The organisation of an
army by the present government,
therefore, would mean the placing
of a. Ru.-._*;-,n army under German
rontrol to ww against the friendly
intervention which the I'nited States
_iiul the allies are preparing to launch |
in the hope of rehabilitating the Rus
f?an government and establishing a
great democracy on behalf of her
people.
If thi? is the purpose of the Bol
shevik government, under the shrewd
guidance of German military tn.1
diplomatic influence. It is :jrol*ahlv
doomed to failure, according to the
view in Washington. It is not be
lieved that the Soviet council ha?
enough Influence with the people t.?
persuade them back Into organised
mil ita rv service and it has not the
strength to draft or drive mei feto
military service against their wul.
Allies Una 1.1 Be Ready.
If the Soviet council should alto i. t
?" put into execution an autocrati?*
military policy, and should not be able
to carry it into effect at once with
overwhelming force, the present gov
ernment probably would fall imme
diately.
The United SU tes and the allied
governments would not fail to take
instant advantage of this situation
nnd with the aid of the growing
?'zecho-Slovak movement might put In
motion a counter effort that would
sweep the nation overnight, repudiate
the Brest-Litovsk pact bought at Vw
sacrifice of the Russian people to
German avarice and greed, sweep the
German hordes beyond the b-rder,
and re-establish Russia as a republl?:.
warring with all her strength to make
the world safe for democracy.
Hoifew Sitanti?? Bad.
The Internal situation in Russia
Is growing worse dally, according
to official reporta. Moat of th? local
soviets, with their contingents of
Red Guards, are in revolt against
the Moscow government. The latest'
reports are that there is a very bad
situation in the city Itself, with fac
tional fighting tn progress almost
hourly. The jails are filled to burst
ing and the government bas been
obliged to commandeer private
buildings aa prisons for political
prisoners.
It ls evident to officials here now
why Ambassador Francis did not
desire trf go to Moscow, notwith
standing the earnest soliclat.ons
of the Soviet Council that he shotud
establish himself in that city. He
?is reported to have gone north from
Volgoda. but it Is not stated how"
far he is going. If he desired, he
and th? others ot the Diplomatic
Corpa could go aa far as Cola :>y
tha Volgoda-Cola Railroad. There
is no intimation here, however, that
Mr. Francia haa a.iy but * tempor
ary reason for going north from
Volgoda.
SERGT HELD BY TANKS.
Severe Fighting with Fresh Germ?n
Troops Reported.
Th? following Is suthorised by the
Secretary of War:
Headquarters. American Expedition
ary For?es, July 9.?Section .A. Be
yond ths line of the Ourcq. heavy
counter attacks made by fresh troop?
of the enemy have resulted In severe
I fightinc. 8er_y. taken by our troops
MovKlay. sfter having changed hands
four timos, remain? in our posst??:>. ?
Section B. There Is not hin( to report I
JAP STEAMER AGROUND.
Passenger Boat Sending S. O. S.
Calls Through Fog.
? Canadian Pacific Port, July ?
? 5.700-ton Japanese Steamship with
passengers aboard, ran ashore today
in a to? off the Pacific coast and has
sent out wireless calls for assistance.
Th? vessel is reported to be taking
water. She was Inward bound from
th? Orient.
The steamer Is well In shore with
Jagged reefs projecting on all side?.
She is sot considered in any danger
unless heavy weather ?eta in.
Lighters have left this and other
ports to take oft* the passengers
and the cargo ot ?ilk. valued at
nearly $2.000,000.
ARMY DROPS
DISTINCTIONS;
IS WOW "U.S.A."
The Regular, National apd
Guard Armies Lose Ident
ity?Become One.
The War Department will drop all
insignia and a?l regulations which
up to the present time have Rd to
the consideration of the American
army as being composed of regulan.
national army men and National
Guard units- In the future all forces
will he designed solely as numerical
unit? of "The Army of the United
States."
The new plan, worked out by Sec
retary of War Baker and the general
staff, will Insure greater solidarity
In the administration of the .at en's
1 fighting forces. The only divisions
under the general definition of the
army will be the Expeditionary Foro*;
In Franc*, and the expeditionary
force? which may be formed in Italy
and the Far East.
sfare* la la Command.
Gen. March, aa chief of staff, will be
In commando f the Army of the United
States. Under military regulations
he Is chief of staff to the Secrotnry
of War or to the President of the
United States. Under the present
policy of the President he is acting
under th? Secretary o/ War. Tha
Presided! Is CommaJidar-in-CbW ?of
the United States array and navy.
I>r?h.n_c Rnnka ? li*?.
Gen. Pershing, as commander of
the forces In France, is rankod by
Gen. March, but under present inter
pretations ranks Gen. Bliss, America's
representative in the Council of Ver
sailles. With the announcement ot
the modified regulations, it is under
stood that changes will he inaug'i
rated in the insignia worn by :_l! men
In the army of the United Stated.
Up to the present time men of the
regular army have worn the simple
V. S. on the collars of their tunics.
Other members have had the letters
N. G. or N. A. superimposed upon
the larser letters U. S. In the fu
ture it is said, unofficially, all men
in the army will wear the simple 1? t
ters I". 8. It is said that the chance
will creatly aid officers and men
abroad who have felt that member?
of the old rei?ular army were often
inclined to distrust the ability of the
army's newer men.
Annaancencat Probably Tod ? 7.
Secretary Baker intimated ?hat an
announcement of the contempl?t :*d
??hanses may be made by Gen. March
today.
s\NZACS WIN MERRIS;
TAKE HUNS AND GUNS
Gain High German Mark .Attained
in April Drive.
London. July JV?The town of ster
ri?, in Flanders, eight miles east of
Hazebrouck n.nd three and a half
miles southwest of Bailleul. was
captured by Australians today. Field
Marshal Haig's night report an
nounced. The Anzaes took lfiD pris
oners and a number of trench mor
tars and machine guns. Merris was
the westernmost point of German
penetration toward the important
British base of Hazebrouck in Gen.
von Arnim's Flanders drive last
April. It lies about two miles slight
ly southwest of Metcren, which was
recently captured by the British.
The text of the official night re
port from Field Marshal Haig follows:
"During the latter part of the night
the patrols of ihe first Australian
divisions who had entered the Ger
m-in positions about Merris success
fully, established themselves east of
the village, which was surrounded and
captured, ?
"One hundred and sixty-nine pris
oners and a number of trench mor
tars and machine guns were taken
by us in the course of this enterprise.
Our own casualties were remarkably
light.
"A few additional prisoners were
captured by our patrols during the
<;ay in the NIeppe Forest sector.
"The hostile artillery has shown
great activity today against our new
positions at Merris." ?
BERLIN CLAIMS SUCCESSES.
Declares Allies Repulsed in Region
of? Fere-en-Tardenois.
Berlin, via. London, July 30.?
"Franco-British-American attacks
on th? Hartennes south of Soissons)
?Fere-en-Tardonois ? Boise Men
nier front wer? repulsed." sflyg to
days War Office report covering:
yesterday's operations on the West
ern front.
"Attacks southeast of Kh-ims
were repulsed.
"Tfe captured lost ground near
Mount Pichtel Champagne, cast cf
Rheims.)
"British attacks at Merris and
astride the Ayette were repulsed."
B*>Iwm_ Ea*/oy Arrives.
An Atlantic Port, July 30.-Gen.
Tameal Montes, who twice served as
president of Bolivia, arrived here
last nlsht en route to France to as
sume his post as minister plcnipo
*intt?t? _
CHILD'S LABOR
STATUS IN D.C.
UNPARALLELED
Overpaid, Are Tempted to
Refuse Further Attend
ance at Schools.
BOYS GET MEN'S WAGE
Parents Encourage Youth
to Procure High-Pay
Employment.
Washington has an acute child la
bor problem of Ita own, according to
Mrs. Edna K. Bushee, executive sec
retary of the Juvenile Protective Aa
soclatlon. and Dr. Joseph A. Murphy,
medical inspector of the public
schools.
Their conclusion is that: Precedents
set by underpaid, underfed, under
sited children In Southern cotton mill?
I wll lbe ot small avail in solving tbe
Washington problem.
For the point that la worrying peo
ple Interested In the welfare of tbe
juvenile here Is, not that they ar?
being underpaid, but that they are
beng overpaid.
An unusually large number of chil
dren are working In Washington at
present both for the government and
private business. The larca number
employed is the only parallel that
can be drawn between the Waahing
ton children working and thoae in the
cotton mills, for here they are being
paid large salaries, considering their
age. Tbe danger lies In the large
amount of sepndlng money left In
childish hands and the temptation of
dispensing with further ed u cat Km.
Kor working conditions are good,
the hours are not long, and In moat
cases, frnm the standpoint of health,
there can be made no Just criticism.
Cr?ala na ia Scheele.
The crisis will be reached upon
the opening of ?choola. It Is to be
expected that of the 1.0?? chlldrej
1A y?**-a of tute to wthora ?pert-n'Rs
to WHrk were issued will refuse to
continue their education.
The permits issued to children
this year have been live times that
of tlie number issued during the
preceding school year. During July,
there have been "50 permits issued.
June ivas a record breaker with
1.3S8.
Refusal of children to continue
with their school work is. of course,
traced directly to the indifference
of parents and their inability to
withsaand the nagging and teasing
of their children.
"Public opinion must be aroused
to this danger before fall," said
Mrs. Kdna ri. Bushee, of the Juven
ile Protective Association, whose
headquarters are In the Juvenile
t'ourt.
"There are many children who
are earning abnormal salaries, and
I who are taking the position? form
? erly occupied by men and women.
? This tends tn unbalance them, for
? they are children In Judgment as
: well as In years. They have not
j had to go through the preliminary
! stages to reach these positions that
| the people before them have had
| to co throuch. Therefore they lose
their sense of values.
Roys Eara Men's Salaries.
"There are many boys of It and
? ?'. who are making salaries that in
former years a strong man with a
family to support would have been
more than glad to have receive. I
have one case especially in mind. It
is the case of a boy who is mak
ing 16", a month In the service of
the government. He Is an unusual
type ,in that, of the money left after
he has given three or four dollars
a week to his parents and bought
his clothes, he puts the rest in the
bank.
"How many children have Jug
ment enough to manage $65 a
month? Is it not dangerous for a
younii boy to have so much money
to spend as he pleases?
"Unless the parents are In desti
tute circumstances, they reprone to
require but little money for board
from their young children. They
seem ashamed to take the money.
But it would be for the children's
own good If they were made to give
up a pood portion of what has been
i earned."
Permit? More \imrraia,
[ There haa been a great Increase In !
; the permita granted to children be
tween the ages of 12 and II. While
the children over 14 need merely to
pass a physical examination before the
medical Inspector of the public
schools. Dr. Joseph A. Murphv, to
get a permit to work, the 12-year-old
children have to get the permit, ac
companied by their parents, from the
Juvenile Court.
The greatly Increased cost of living
has been assigned as the cause for
this Increase In the number of permita
issued by the Juvenile Court.
??The present child labor law Is verv
poor," said Mrs. Bushee. "While there
j is provision against children -from 10
?to Iff working, there are no penalties
! attached to violations of the law.
I There is also a provision that no child
?shall work after 10 o'clock at night,
yet this Is done frequently. Also,
there are children selling things who
' have not a badge as required by law.'
Plan Legislation.
Dr. Murphy is a member of the
I committee of the Children's Tearcom
I mitee which ia working for better
I legislation on this subject * Mrs.
Louis Brotamlow, wife of the commis
sioner, is chairman of this sub-com
mittee. They had a meeting last
night to plan legislation dealing with
the subject by fall.
Dr. Murphy assigned three reasons
for the present situation In regard to
child labor.
"The greatly Increased cost of living
is one cause," he said.
"The drafting of so many men into
the army, leaving many positions open
tmtimtmm fi gana iwftv
KAISER'S WASTE OF MONET.
Fut?ely Spends $50.000.000 to
Keep U. S. Out of War.
New York. July ?.-More then *0.
000,000 of Germany's money was spent
In the United States for propagandi?.
largely for the purpose of keeping
America out of the war. and Qer;
many "did not get anything for It,
according to testimony given before
Deputy Atttorney General Becker by
George Sylvester Viereck and made
Publio today.
TEN PER GENT
TAX ON AUTO
SALES IN BILL
_ J
Same Rate on Phonographs,
Sporting Goods, and
Cosmetics.
FSDERAL LICENSE, TOO
Double the Present Tax on
Theater Admissions Is
Agreed To.
A tax of H) per cent on the aale
price of all automobiles was written
Into the new revenue bill by the
Ways and Means Committee yester
day. Motor trucks, on account of
their great usefulness ia war work,
are to be taxed only 6 per cent.
The tax Is to be collected on the
groas sales of the manufacturer, pro
ducer or Importer.
Included also In the 10 per cent
schedule will be player pianos,
graphophone?. phonograph?, talking
machine?, sporting goods?including
baseball bats, golf clubs. Ashing rods
and reels, pool and billiard tables
perfumes, cosmetics, tonic?, proprie
tary medlcnes and cameras. All of
these except cosmetics and proprie
tary medicines are now taxed 3 per
cent.
The automobile tax, accordine to
??t?mate? submitted by the Trresury
Department, will produce about $70,
000,000. The I per cent tax now in
foroe Is calculated to 'yield about
$32,100,000 during the current fiscal
year.
Levy sa Aat? Users.
In addition to the 10 per cent tax
?greed upon yesterday. Chairman
Kitchin authorised the positive an
nouncement that the committee will
impose another tax, which will be col
lected from the user of the automo
bile. This tax, which only has been
tentatively discussed, will be In the
nature of a Federal license, collect
able from the user of the car in the
same manner as state licenses. Mr.
Kitchin declined to make any pre
diction as to how high these rates
might run. but the Treasury Depart
ment haa recommended a scale of
from 130 to 160, according to the cost
price of the car.
It was announced that the in per
cent tax was agreed upon without
any opposition.
The question of a tax on gasoline
has not been considered by the com
mittee.
Other taxes agreed upon yesterday
by the committee were a doubling of
the admission tax on theaters, operas,
motion picture shows and similsr
places of amusement. The present
tax is 10 per ?ent: under the revised
schedule it would be 30 per cent.
This tax applies to all admissions of
10 cents or over. To get at the smal
ler priced houses, the committee ten
tatively decided to impose a tax of
1 cent on all admissions where the
maximum charge does not exceed 7
cents. Under the existing law all
moving picture shows, theaters and
other amusements whose maximum
charge does not exceed 5 cents are
exempt from the tax. The new tax
would exact 1 cent from every admis
sion up to and inoluding 7 cents.
In deciding upon this tax, the com
mittee took Into consideration that
COOTINUED ON PAGE THRE?
WILL ASK AERO
CONTROL GIVEN
CABINET PLACE
Senate Sub-committee to
Urge Creation of Sepa
rate Department.
IMPROVEMENT RAPID
Baker ?Asserts Quick De
velopment of Machines
in United States.
The subcommittee of the Senate
Military Affairs Committee, which
has been tanvesticating aircraft
production, will recommend the
creation of a separato department
to have full control over all aerial
work.
The one way. In the opinion of
members of the committee, for the
United mates to play Its Important
part In gaining absolute mastery
and winning the war in the air.
Independent of the armies on land
and the navies at aea, is to estab
lish immediate touch between a
great and Independent department
at home and every phase of the de
velopment of aerial warfare abroad.
There is no disposition on the part
of members ot the committee to
make recommendations contrary to
the wishes or plans of tbe President,
or the War or Navy Department.
The question is simply one of de
velopment, of stupendous growth in
importance to th? United States and
tbe allies of gaining the mastery
of th? air. Admittedly this can
not be done without the full use of
the tremendous resourcea of tbe
I'nited States, and for the United
States to give in full this needed
strength will require work enough
to command the full attention of
a department of the government
greater In the strength of Its per
sonnel than the War and Navy D
psrtir.ents combinen?*.
mwJ Tba to BatXlomt.
Yesterday the subcommittee took up
the subject of the de Havlland fight-1
ing machinea which were to be the I
mainstay of our forces In the air at
the front in connection with army
operations. Disquieting reports have
been circulated about this machine.
The American model, developed from
the British model, was said to have
developed serious faults. Gen. Per
shing was reported to have asked that
no more of this type be sent to
Franc?.
Secretary Baker, in denying the re- ,
port that Gen. Pershing had aban
doned the American de Havlland as
a fighting machine, summarised th?
situation in aircraft production exact
ly as it has been revealed by the in
vestlsatlon of the Senate committee.
Mr. Baker said.
- Perfect A?rala ?e?.
"There are probably no perfect air
planes. Improvement in the best of
them is constant and rapid, both r?
to type? and succeeding numbers of
the same type. This Is true of the
de Havlland as of all others. The
latest machines made of that type
are better than the earlier ones, and
this improvement, we hope, will be
constant Gen. Pershing has request
ed a large shipment of de Haviland
planes (de Haviland 41 of the present
type on the priority schedule for
August."
Secretary Baker was asked about
the cable dispatch in which Caproni,
who developed the great Italian
bombing planes, had predicted super
airplanes of the type of great battle?
ships, carrying crewa of 100 or more
men. large quantities of explosives,
and capable of warfare in the air the
same as a great battleship at aea.
He said:
"Nobody Is safe In being Incredulous
about the possibilities for development
in heavier than air machines.
Glad New?.
Reassurance, both from the War
eUMlMUID ON PAGE THREE.
Harden Flays Hun Press
For Attacks on Wilson
German Anti-Junker Journalist, in Boche
Magazine, Tells Kaiser's Subjects That
America Fights Wilhelm.
greatest resentment. He expressed
two principles^which are the pillars
of his doctrine. These principles
are. that whatever the Issue of the
war the German people will not see
any restrictions Imposed on the pos
sibility of their existence as a na
tion; that the German empire will
not have to contest for any of the
rights enjoyed by the peoples of
the new and old world.
The Moral Farce.
"Free are" those who are attached
to tradition to declare the Wilson
programme Utopian. Those who see
In militarism a gift of Providence
wish that the present German Em
pire may remain as it is. Does this
pious Count Hertllng also attribute
such terrible thoughts to the Pope?
The Pope's note of August, 1S17,
provoked a motion in the Reichstag
demanding an evacuation of all the
territories? in Belgium and France
with guarantees of the independ
ence of Belgium from a political,
military and economical standpoint,
and it demands that a resolution be
taken, having as a peace basis the
substitution in the future of the
moral force of right in place of the
material force of arms. This Is
what the President of the United
-_j_ !*____ ta _ ? __-??.?__
In a spirited defense of President
Wilson in the German magasine. Zu
kuenft, Maxmillan Harden, the most
daring anti-Junker of Germany,
charges that the German press is do
ing its utmost to becloud the policies
of America's President and that they
are knowingly misatating the' truth
when they aver that Mr. Wilson
favors a war to the bitter end and the
extermination of the German nation.
In dispatches received here yester
day excerpts of the article by Harden,
which was printed In Germany last
Saturday, are given. After quoting
the statement of Count Hertllng be
fore the German Reichstag that
President Wilson favors a victory of
an i h ila tion, Mr. Harden says:
??? onld Deatroy Arbitrary reaver."
"I have not succeeded in discover
Ing the slightest sign of such a wisa
in President Wilson's words. He only
wishes to destroy, or at least to de
prive of all Its harmful influence, tn
arbitrary power capable of secretly
and on its own Initiative troubling
the peace of the world. _^
"President Wilson expressed him
self without ambiguity In his ad
dress before the people of Balti
more. He ..poke of the German
^people with the greatest respect and
oj ?he German srovti?neqt with tfcg
CROWN PRINCE IN TERRIFIC LUNGES
IS DEFEATED ON THIRTEENTH DAY;
HOT FIGHTING EXPECTED AT CIERGES
Allied Officers Say Luden
dorff Has Made Last
Major Offensive.
CIERGES LOSS ONLY
A TEMPORARY ONE
Foch, with Two Great At
tacking Columns, Must
Soon Retake Town.
FABRICATED STEEL BRIDGES
SPEEDED ALLIED ADVANCE
As Germans Burned Bridges Be
hind, Franco-Americans Brought
Prepared Substitutes Up.
The ferocity of the Franco-Amer
ican attacks against the linea of the
retreating German forces have cre
ated such havoc to the armies of
Von Below and Von Boehm, that
the great military machine of Lu
dendorff never again can undertake
a major offensive operation, accord
ing to allied military officers here.
Th? results of the fighting of
the past twenty-four hours in no
wise caused a lessening in the ela
tion which for the past week, has
held Washington in it? grip. That
the time must come when the Ger
mans would fall back to a position
of sufficient strength to permit at
least temporary resistance has been
generally recognized. it has also
been a batter of general comment
th?t the Franco-American forces
had greatly exceeded performances
of other units U the war in wrest
ling with the ??a problem of bring
ing up cannon and heavy artilleiy.
The feeling that the German? will
not hold their present line long Is
general, among well Informed stu
t dents of the battle situation who are
'confident that before many hours
? have passed the allied force? will
again have a preponderance of field
? guns in action.
Clergea L?emm \oi Serions.
Failure of the Franco-American
units to retain the batered and evok
ing ruins of the little town of Ciernes.
, the |K>int of the line between Kere
! en-Tanlenois and Ville-en-Tardenois,
caused no feling of uncertainty a." to
the final resulte which will be achiev
ed by the strategy of Gen. Foch.
The town of Cierges rests in a hol
: low, the hiifh ground on the south
I which is held by the allies being ap
proximately <?*? feet high, while the
? ground which dominates the town
| from the northeast ia about ?.73 feel
? In height It la from these two ro
; sitions that the opposing for?es have
\ rushed in their attacks, centering
j about the ruins of the village.
German Perniatene* Slgalflrant.
j That the Germans should return
'again an?, aeain to the attack at this
! point clearly ?show? that their 1-rad
! era recognize the menace whi-'h the
! advances of the past week have
1 brought about. Viewing the present
?battle situation from the lines of the
Ialli?e, it is apparent that the attack
! ing forces are in a position to drice a
sharp salient into the territory wper*?
; the Germane are trying desperately
' to collect and move great stores of
', cannon and war material.
? Officers here agree that it has been
! the puri?os?? ?f the allied leaders to
I drive a strone column to the north
cast of Fere-en-Tardenois. following
the line of the railroad and with
Bazoche? as its objective. From the
other corner of the pocket, there is
reason to believe a strong allied
force is striving to drive to the north
west along the line of the mineral
railway, with Flanea as its objective.
Severe Fighting Ahead.
The task before the alli?e to no
easy one. for to the northeast of
Cierges In the direction of Vezilly
there are heavy forest lands, which
offer excellent positions for defensive
fighting.
It is reasonable, however, to hope
that this difficult stretch of terrain
can be taken by an encircling move
ment. At any rate, the movement
of heavier guns to the battle front
can be expected within two days.
Word was received here yesterday
that one of the secrets of the steady
progress of the Franco-American
troops was the use of so-called fab
ricated steel bridges which were
quickly carried to the ruins of those
destroyed by the retreating Germans
and erected in record time.
TWO WILL LIKELY DIE
I FROM AUTO ACCIDENT
?Lyraan Williams and Henry C. Sny
der, Victims, at Meade Hospital.
Lyman Williams, president of the
Williams Fur Company. Inc.. 1425 H
street northwest, snd Henry C
Snyder. a druggist at lTi'l Park road
northwest, were probably fatally in
jured yesterday afternoon In a
mysterious auto accident at Contee.
Md. Both are at the Camp M??arte
military hospital In an unconscious
condition, and up to a late hour last
night no eye-witnesses of the accident
had been found.
They were discovered by Maj. Tay
lor, U. S. ?., who took them to a
nearby house for first aid treatment,
"after which he conveyed them In hi?
machine to the Camp Meade hospital
Dr. Snyder ts said to have suffered
the fracture of several rib?, one of
which la thought to have punctured
his lunes, and Mr. William? la known
to hare a fractured skull. Th??
I vVere reported to be in a sinking t on
', dit too ?t an sarly hour this
*-xW.ae~~- TT ?
Marines' Age Limit
Raised to 40 Years
The maximum txtze limit for
original enlistment in the Marine
Corps haa been raised to 4')
years, Secretary Daniels an
nounced yeaterday. Marine Corps
recruiting stations throughout
the country were notified by
telegraph that applicants up to
that as?? are now eligible. Here
tofore 36 years has been the
maximum limit The rigid phy
sical requirements remain un
changed.
When the recruiting stations
closed Monday the record _*how
ed a total of 5S.CS4 enlisted and
enrolled in the Marine Corpr and
Reservp, with 1,977 commissioned
and warrant officers in th? per
manent establishment and re
serve. Total enlistments for the
twenty-one days of July were
7.64?, and it estimated that 3.0<?0
more have applications pendine
or have enlisted and th*1 papers
have not been forwarded from
the recruiting stations.
EXEMPTION ASKED
FOR N. Y. POLICEMEN
Protection of Port Urged ai Reason
by Commissioner Ennght.
Police Commissioner Enright. of
New York City, yeaterday conferred
with Secretary Baker relative to the
exemption from military service of men
who have already be_n called to the
colors from the ranks of the police
of New York City. He alao discus-??-.
the possibility of exemption for mei.
who will be called to the army durin
the coming six months.
Following the confepenc? Secretary
\ Baiter stated that h- was unable to
! give Commissioner Enright arsuranc*?
? that exemptions can be granted. He
j stated, however, that the matter i*
I now under consideration.
Because of the failure of various
mine operators, railroads and muni
tion plants to gain exemptions for
men employed in guarding their prop
erties, it is held in some quarter?
here that there is little possibility
thst an exception to the previous
rulings of the Provost Marshal ?_*?**
eral's office will be made in the case
of New York City.
It is understood that Oommis_:one?
Enriaht pointed out the preat daneer*
j which menace the wer program of the
j government at a port of the imp?-?
? tance and extent of New York. He
I believes thst only by the use of hi"hty
? skilled and trained nv-n can the gov
ernment stores and embarkation fa
i clllties of the government be made
safe. He laid great stress uj?on the
' excellent work accomplished by hi?
? forces in the past six months in pre
1 venting sabotage in and atout New
| York.
THREE INDICTMENTS
IN RAINCOATS CASE
Aubrey W. Vaughan. War Depart
ment Employe. Among Accuse-.
NV ? York. July 30.?A maniirar
turer, a government official and a
lawyer were named in two Federal
indictment returned h*?re today in
connection with the wholesale ar
resti which followed an investiga
tion of alleged frauds in raincoat
contracts for supplying America's
armed fore*-.?. The men indicted
were Felix Gouled, an Austrian,
manufacturer of rubber: Aubrey \V
Vaughan, of the Supply and Kqulp
ment Division, Quartermaster Gen
eral's department, and I?avid Ls. Fo
dell, a lawyer.
In one indictment the men are
charged with conspiracy to defraud
the Vnlted States, conspiracy to
commit an offense against the Vnlt
ed States and violating section 37 of
the Federal criminal code. The sec
ond Indictment charges the men
with devising a scheme and artifice
to defraud the United States.
YANKS CAPTIVES OF HUNS.
Seven Soldiers Located in German
Prison Camps.
Following /s a list of soldiers of
the American Expeditionary Forces
who it has been ascertained are now
prisoners of war In Germany:
John Walter Jones, privat?*. Ox
ford, Ala.; at Rennbahn; Harold G.
I_awrence. private. Independence.
Kan?.; at Darmstadt: Charles Ed
ward Locke. private. Cincinnati,
O.; at Gieasen: John Walter Morris,
captain, whose emergency address is
care of Hon. John K. Shields. V. S.
Senate, Washington, D. C. ; at R:
statt; Elmer J. Presper. captain. Phil
adelphia, Pa. ; at Cassel ; George M
Williams, corporal. Henderson, Ky.;
at Lemburg.
First Class Private Jerry A. Brown.
heretofore reported missing in action,
is now reported to have died in a Ger
man hospital, nrme and location not
stated. He gave as his emercency
address 575 Mitthof street. Colum
bus, Ohio.
YANK FLIERS DROP ONE.
Boche Machine Falls After Battle
Above Mount Sec.
With the American Army in
France. July JO.?A German air
plane we. probably brought down
by Lieut. A. R Brook? of Fsrntintr
ham. Mass., and Aviator Putnam, of
V'ewton. Mas?, yestordey. They re
port they saw the enemy fall behind
Mpuat Sec but could not see tha
BKUm cf^J, o|pqf to ibe <4ou_y_>
Franc o-Americans Make
Progress Northeast of
Fere-en-Tardenois.
HUN COUNTER ATTACKS
CHECKED AT AU POINTS
Yanks Capture Wood, Farm
and Hill on Bank of
Ourcq.
GERMANS GAIN AT ISOLATED
CENTERS, BUT IMMATERIALLY
Ludendorff Brines Up Reserves and
Make* Desperate Attempt to
Wrest Victory from Defe*'.
With the Americans on th Ourcq.
July 30.?(8 p. m.)---Aithough the
Germans threw in heavy re-en
forcements and carried out violent
bombardments, we continued to
advance today east of Fere-en
Tardenois, capturing the Brul?
?vood, southeast of Seringe-et
Nesle. Mercy farm, south of Boit
de Brul?, and Hill 212. which
dominates Sergy from the sooth
east.
MAINTAIN SERGY GAINS.
Taris, July 30.?The French and
1 Americans made fresh progress
today on the heiphts northeast of
Fcrc-cn-Tardrnois. and maintained
1 their ?rains arour.i Sergy village,
I dcsui'ite many German counter at
tacks, the war office announced in
its nif^ht communique.
Southwest' of Rtitims. the Ger
! mans counter attacked at Sie.
Kuphrasic. slightly advancing to
] the west of that village, the state?
? im-nt says.
Crewa Ft-iaee Falla Asala.
1 Paris. July 3" ? Hi? ?roan prince's
I army launched one terrine iunfe after
1 another on each tide of the Aiene
] Ounq-Arde ?pocket today, trying to
! ?hak? .?ti the allie?) shackles. They
i tailed.
At the end of the thirteenth day of
? '.he great tounter-drive. the war otBce
I \?a.? a hie to announce fresh process
on the right l?ank of the Ourcq .north.
.?.-t ?.r F? re-en-Tardenois. Americans
capture?! a wood, a farm and s hill.
each a veritable fortress, after beatiti?"
?loom heavy ma??*ea of freshly bro'ight
? up ri? ked Prussian troops.
la ?loar Quartera.
Pans. July art.?Aa dusk was settling
u;?on the Aisne-Ouro* battlefield?it ??
? no longer an '"Alene-Marne bstle?
' 'American and German troops were
; locked ? tithe flercee eolse-quarters
? fighting since Foch's couiiler-drtva
? he^an. the most savage combat In
1 which Americans have been engace!
?n Itila wai Along ea? h of the four
si?ies of the pocket the sise of ahug
. is half of mtest was a week ago. tha
j Germans are making a determine i
I stami <">n their whole right flank
they have been launching ternas
J counter-attacks since early this morn
ins.
Yaaka la Vital aVeatar.
Pershing's troops, holding ons of
the vital sectors, that around Fere
? ,-n-Tardenois. the captured German
? rail-ha se. are giving a splendid ac
count of themselves. At a fear 1 -o?
lit.-d points the line of battle shift,
ed in favor of the Germans, but oa
|tlie whole their counter ihrusts have
tailed to dislodge the French and
Americans. At some points fresa
progresa was made, but taken in It?
entirety, the lighting line had under?
gone little change up to this cabling?.
A monster battle in which cr.M r'eei,
rifle butts and even flits are th?
most-used snd m st effective weap?'
ons. rages alona; a front altogether
lliiroy-s? vep miles:
From Burancy (four miles south of
"?oissonsi to Cierges ?south.*??? of
G? ? -? n-Ta'oV?. ial tit"*. ???. mi1?- ?
From Cierges northeastward t?
Chaumuiy isoutlicr.si of ViUe--n- Tar
denoisi twelve ??,?? s
?o e e m. Battle af deaera ea.
From ("lealimili;, to the Rheims?
ten miles.
It is a.-? yet too rsrly to stste that
this is th,? flrst phase of the "battle
of the reserves'' whirl, was ? xclu
sively foreshndowed in these dis
patches Saturday, deliberately em?
barked upon by Laderdoriff to force
a decision because s dithdrswsl to
the Aisne's north bank would be
a confession of utter defeat m-hich
even an offensive st snother front
could not <?.plain sway
Kew Haa 1 mi. Arrive.
New German divisions have ar
rived, snd are srriving. from Crown
Prince Rupprscht's northern aimie.*-.
Late today word comes from the
Alsne-Ourcq Iront ti.at there ar?
j now fully flfty-fl\e divisions in the
Tsrdenois pocket, and among them
I arcrOiany of the Kaiser's best. Yee
? terday four divisions borrowed from
Ruppreeht were thrown into tha
fighting on the Germs might, op
poslte Msngln's Franco-America?
j army. There are indeed indications
Ithat the great gamble of stripping
the Bavarian crown prince's froaat
cumuiijis ??G?&?$ ihm-t-%

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