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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, August 03, 1918, Image 1

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Today?Partly cloudy; warm. To
morrow?showers and cooler. High
est temperature yesterday, 86; low
est. 66.
NO. 4299.
"S. E.-5" Battle Plane Surpasse? Any Machine
from German Factories Thus Far
Turned Out.
Mav? Carreapam-lemt.
IP*?ni hy laite?? Statea Ctnaor.)
Beffalo. N. T.. Ans. i-American
production of a new, faet and thor
oughly up-to-date model of lighting
plane, that haa been teated, on the
batti, front? and found to beat any
thin? the German? hav? produced.
haa baciin.
Thia Is the new "8. ILS" type,
whoee production by the Curt?a?
Aeroplane Works here ha? been or
dered by the Aircraft Production
Board to take the place of the ill
fated ?'Bristol," that was found to
be uaeleaa and ?crapped.
The et. E.-S I* a battleplane, and
haa passed the experimental ?tage.
Ita production will be rushed through
on the basi? of what Is In fact a
Chinese copy.
A Brillata Pia?*.
This model Is a British plane, per
fected by Maj. Gen. Branckner. head
of the equipment division of the
British war ministry, and Sir Henry
Fowler, the man who reorganized the
Royal Aircraft Factory ot England
The Royal Aircraft Factory la the
mother of the S. E.-S It has
glifi exceptional ?ervlce. and an
exceptional account of itself on
the fighting front. Abroad It was
equipped with the Bolls-Royc. and
the Sunbeam motor. Here it will
take the ""Liberty.*?
Thi?? type of ri^htinit plane was
constructed to take a hivrh-powere?!
motor like the "Liberty" ? MS '
horsepower). In this reepect it dif
fers frojn the Brietol. which proved
a failure when powered with the
Liberty, heaause it waa designed to
U-ke an engine uf only 123 horse
power. ' -
The ?. E - j was deaigned in ad
vajwe* of the production of a motor
of |]j horo?po? er. But the Liberty
England's Plenty, Want of
Central Powers, Amaze
London. Aug. L?Dr. Ehren?berger.
Ihe Zurich banker, who came to Eng
land expecting to find a food shortage
snd waa astonished to find plenty or
everything, ha? contrasted conditions
In Britain with those In the central
?rapire? in an interview ??? the
Dally Chronicle.
He said:
"In Austria the condition? ?re terri
M*. In Vienna the brcid. which
???ems to be made of everything but
:ereal?. i? uneatable. No leather I?
to be had and I know ot people who
?annot leave their houses because
they do not care to go barefoot.
Boote and shoes cannot be got at any
price nor can tea or coffee or other
topical products.
"Conditions in Germany are quite
is bad as in Austria. They are worse
?n the great industrial town?. The
working people have been living
almost entirely on beets and potatoes
(or the laat six months.
"Clothing i? strictly rationed. Tou
cannot buy a suit without a per
mit, and that i? only given after
\ our wariirobe ha? been strictly ex
amined. Cotton goods are unob
"Tour position in Britain Is cal
culate?! to SU a neutral with amaze
ment. Tou seem to have plenty of
"Austria is kept going by the
pressure of German influence. The
Germana still believe the war will
not last much longer. Tou mu.-t
remember that the whole of the pre??
of that country I? In the hands of
tne government, and the only.new?
given i? that which the government
wiahes to appear. They are told
every day that victory Is near. "When
the real truth dawns upon the peo
ple there will be a terrible revul
fiew "H" System in Confusion on
First Day.
New Tork. Aug. 1-New Tork's un
?arground rapid transit ?ervice, fol
lowing the opening of the "IT? ?ystem.
?-aa In indescribable confusion today.
Coder the new "H" system trains
running south along the Broadway
and Bronx Park tracka above lime?
Square continue south down Seventh
?venue at Times Suqare. Instead of
running croaatown to Grand Central.
The northbound traina from Brook
yn and South Parry run along the old
:rack? to Grand Central, and thence
?p over .tha new Lesinato? avenue
Ines. Shuttle trains connect Grand
rentrai and Times square.
Ma Want Wk Africaas.
Lor.don. Aug. S.?Oen. Botha, who
ha? arrived in Johannesburg from
U?don. 'haa aent a -meuage to A
meeting of native* warning them
that he has received report? of an In
cipient revolt and that the govern
ment will supprima it. He urgea them
10 be on their guard against enemy
, motor wa? designed In time to uae
with ?uch a model.
In the ?ame way the British Royal
Aircraft Factory 1? now at work
on a ?till newer fighting plane, to
be fitted with a motor of as yet un
known horsepower, but which must
be a? high as 500. Nobody has yet
designed such a motor; and per
saps it cannot be produced, but Eng
land proposes to have a type of
plane that can use it.
The S. E.-5 wa? developed in the
same way in advance of the de
aigning and perfection of the "Lib
erty" motor.
The Curtis? plant department?,
which were devoted to the Bristol
experiment, have all been cleaned
out; all the "?mall-part" factorle?
are bu?y grinding out ?mall parts of
wood and metal for the new S. E.-*.
Aaoeoably Beg loa.
The first part of the assembly work
-that of the fuaelage?will begin in
a few days; the beginning of com
plete plane aoeerably In about two
weeks, and In a month, quantity pro
duction will be well under way.
All that the plant needs to do Is
to copy part for part and screw for
screw the model already set up. No
experimental work will be done at
all?the factory job la mere reproduc
tion In quantity.
It may be e\i,,-rted. therefore, that
the output of battleplanes of thl?
type will be going overseas within a
reasonably short time, to supplement
the supply of D. H. ?flighting planes
already turned out by other plants.
What is more important, thl? new
type i? known to be the equal or
. better than any fighting plane the
Hun* have so far produced. And it*
production will be additional to all
1 other aircraft production, ?ince It will
uae merely-the equipment and work
meh'who we're engaged "on the ex
perimental production of the aban
doned Bristol, of which only twenty
three completed machine? were ever
I produced.
Increase Is 100 Per Cent,
and the Smoker Is
to Pay the Bill.
Taxes on the letali prices of cigars.
cigarettes and tobacco are more than
doubled under the revised schedule
adopted for the revenue bill by the
Ways and Means Committee yester
day. If the tobanco dealers follow the
precedent adopted when last year"?
taxes were put on the retail prices of
every form of tobacco will be very
greatly Increased. In other words,
the Increased tax on the manufac
turer will be passed on to the con
sumer and the man who smoke? will
pay the bill.
It ts estimated that the increased
tobacco taxes agreed upon yesterday
will yield the government $"*4O,00O,0O0
| for the twelvemonth period. Present
taxes were expected to produce $168,
000,000 for the same length of time.
The Cigar Tax,
Here are the new rates to be paid
by the manufactuitr or importer:
On cigars weighing not more than
three pound? per l.ooo. $2 per l.uuo
?pr?tent tax til; cigars weighing more
than three pounds per 1,000 and retail
ing at not more than 4 cents each. ??
per 1.000 (present tax $3?; cigars
weighing more than three pounds per
1000 and retailing for more than 4
ce ita and not over 7 cents each, ?10
per 1.000 (present tax tl?; cigars
weighing more than three pounds per
1.000, selling for more than 7 cents
each and not more than 15 cents. $15
per 1.00O (present tax 16); cigars
weighing more .han three pounds pe*r
1.000, selling for more than 15 cents
each and not more than 20 cents, f***)
per ?1.0W (present tax 18); cigars
weighing more than three pounds per
1,000, selling for more than 20 cents
each, BO per 1,000 (present tax 110).
Ctgarettea nnt Tobacco.
. Cigarette* weighing not more than
three pounds per 1.000. retailing at
less than 2 cents each, IS per 1,000
(present tax COS); cigarettes of same
weight retailing at 2 cents each or
more, $8 per 1,000 (present tax, fc'.OS);
cigarettes weighing more than three
pounds per 1.000, $10 per 1,000 (present
tax. $4 SO per 1,000).
Tobacco, including leaf. plug, chew
ing or smoking, SO cent? per pound
(present tax, 12 cents).
Cigarette papers and* tubes for
eigaj-ette? manufacture will pay a lax
? equal to double the amount now paid.
On package? - of papera containing
from S to 50 papers, the present tax
of one-half cent la Increased to or.e
cent; package? containing from 50 to
TOO papera will pay two cent* Insteid
of one; packages containing more
than 100 papers will be taxed one
cent for every 100 paper?. The ?ax
on cigarette tube? Is raised from '.wo
cents per 100 to four cent*.
Mere Laxarle? ? a ad a y.
With the agreement upon these
taxe?, the committee haa cleared the
way for consideration of th. luxury
taxes, which are to be taken up Mon
day. Tho sub-committee appointed to
scrutinise the Treasury Department's
luxury list made nmc progre.?"? yes
terday and expect* to have Its report I
"WAdjr lot Ut. Monda/ sttjio^ ? ?
Note Containing Views of
Siberian Situation on
Way Here.
Wilson's Counselors Grati
fied with Developments;
"See Diplomatic Victory.
President Wilson yesterday re
ceived notice that a reply of Japan
to hi? suggestion a? how best to
aid Russia 1? on It? way from Tokio
to Washington. The Information
came through official diplomatic
channels and was reported as being
highly satisfactory.
Almost Immediately tha Pr?aldent
went to the State Department for a
personal conference with Acting
Secretary of State Frank L. Polk.
The purpose of the visit is known to
have been more to demonstrate the
keen Interest the Chief Executive
feel? in the Russian situation then
to discuss details.
Viscount KikuJIro I?hil. the Jap
anese Ambassador, also visited the
State Department. He appeared to
be much plea?ed with the turn af
fair? have taken, but would make
no comment.
Aalsa Ne Seeealatlest
Polk repeated his request to the
newspapers to avoid speculation aa
to the probable manner in which
the plan would be carried out or
when President Wilson would be
prepared to make his announcement.
The only official statement waa:
"Nothing can be ?aid about a re
ply, from Japan ?i? the coattnunlcs
tlon has not yet bee? received her?.**
The President'? advisers were much
graUtted with the developments. The
point was made that he had not
yielded in his determination to sea
thit economic aid and political uplift
, should be the mainspring of any
| movement In which the United States
? might participate. If Japan is now In
full accord with thi?, another diplo
i matic victory will have been re
! corded.
The ?lata assembled here show that
? large ?tore? are now available at
? Vladivostok and In possession of the
| allies. These include motor cars, a
I considerable supply of gasoline, agrl
: cultural implements, machinery for
j sawmill?, tools, freight cars, loco
motives, various other kinds of rail
? road material and coal.
It Is not speculation to say that the
I armed guard which will form the ex
pedition will only be such as believed
necessary to safeguard the movement
! of : upplie? to Ihe Interior of Siberia
! and keep open lines of communlca
! tion. At the War Department It wa?
! said the United States troop? now in
j China would most probably be select
j ed for the work. These Include units
of the Fifteenth United States Infan
try and three battalions of Marines?
| a letal of approximately 2,000 men.
A message dated July 31 was re
; celvetl at the State Department from
1 Ambassador Francis at Murmansk. It
j said the Embassy representatives
? were accompanied by the Italian and
' British diplomatic representative? and
| th? French Charger Other? wer?
! mentioned as being at Kandalaska
! awaiting -instructions.
Kxperiences ef Antbasaadera.
A communication received here
j through French diplomatic source?
, gives the following account of the ex.
periences of the diplomat? on the
j Murman ??toast:
"They (the Ambassadors of the
| United States? France and the British
I envoy) arrived at Archangel on Fri
j day preceded by telegraphic orders
; from the peoples' commissaire who
| called upon the local Soviet to op
i pose their installation. The Soviet ot
Archangel was presided over by a
| certain Petrof, who instructed the
? Ambassadors to land at some Western
European port. Vainly they demanded
the means of communication with
their respective governments, but
Petrof refused to grant thia authori
sation. Then the Ambassadors de
I clared they would hold him responst
! ble for any consequences that might
| ensue and exhorted him to reflect.
: Petrof wired to Trotxky. The latter
replied that the Ambassador?, a? they
j w?re not quiting Russian territory
mu?t at leaat quit the port of Arch
angel. They then ?et out In two boats
with about ?Ixty refugee? for Kan
Yeaterday'? communication from
Ambassador Francis ?hows that he
ha? been able to make still further
progress as Murmansk haa been
35 of Poseidon's Crew Unded Af
ter Collision Wednesday.
The American steamship Poseidon
wa? sunk in a collision off th* New
Jereey coast Wednesday night, the
Navy Department announced laat
night. Few details were supplied In
the announcement, which follows:
"The Navy Department haa been
Inform?^ that the American steamer
Poseidon waa ?unk in a. collision with
another steamship at 11:? o'clock
Wednesday night off the New Jeraey
coest. Thirty-live members of the
crew were reacued ansi taken to port
by a naval vessel."
Maj. Roosevelt Takt? a Drive.
Parla. Aug. 2.?Theodore Roosevelt,
jr.. who I? recovering from tha recent
? operation, necessitated by wound? re
ceive?! In batti?, drove around Paria
| temar. It waa hia first t-M? since he
._______?_<?? _-' s
Pershing Promises He
Will Send Lists Soon
Every effort it being made by Gen. Penhing to collect, con
firm and verify casualties sustained by the American Expedi
tionary Forces in the present offensive. Secretary Baker declared
in a statement issued late yesterday afternoon.
Casualty lists, when completed, will be forwarded imme
diately. They will not be "held back" as has been the "alarm
ist" report.
Secretary Baker's statement follows:
I have received a cablegram from Gen. Pershing with
rcgard~to reports of casualties. He points out that our
troops are still widely separated, serving in many places,
and that our wounded are taken to French and British
hospitals as well as our own, causing great difficulty and
complication in securing accurate information.
In addition to this, the troops are separated from
their records while in the area of conflict and must de
pend upon very inadequate and temporary telegraph
lines which are subject to frequent interruption and
must, for the most part, be devoted entirely to the ur
gent business of the battle itself. Gen. Pershing as
sures me that he is making every effort to collect casual
ty lists, have them confirmed and verified, and that they
will be transmitted promptly.
Ordnance Officers to Join
"Service of Support"
Overseas If Fit,
No more swivel-chair officers will
grao? Washington, for th? order to
prepare, for overseas service has gone
out from Ordnance Department head*
-icitation leading to this end was
started early last spring by The
Washington Herald. The number of
ablcbodlad officers of draft age who
took refuse tn "swivel-chair Job? and
used their spurs to keep their feet on
their desks" was Targe at that time.
Gradually the number has decreased,
but there are still many ablebodted
men In positions that can be filled
by men over the draft age or by
women. Only men of draft age who
are disqualified physically will be al
lowed to remain on this aide for
ordnance work. The only exception
to this ia the personnel of the ar
senals and proving grounds.
Men of draft age and physically
fit who are now on duty In Wash
ington or at ordnance depots and
contract depots have been notified to
prepare for the overseas service. Thus
the ordnance will make use of every
man properly qualified for field
Service of Support.
The ordnance service overseas.
Which includes the supply of ammu
nition and fighting equipment of the
army, as, well as the maintenance of
such equipment. Is officially desig
nated as the service of support.
Detachment commanders in the Ord
nance Department in command of en
listed units have been instructed to
have all enlisted men of their com
mands examined, that their military
and combat fitness may be deter
The men will be divided Into three
classes. The first class will* consist
of those physically, mentally and
morally acceptable for any character
of military service; the second class,
those satisfactory for domestic and
any but the heaviest combat service
overseas; and the third class, avail
able for limited domestic service.
Girls will be substituted for the men
messengers formerly employed in the
ordnance bulMings in Washington as
a part of the general policy of releas
ing man power wherever possible.
Bill Completely Drawn with Blanks
to Be Fillecl Monday.
Notwithstanding all speculation as
to the draft age limits which will be
fixed In Secretary Baker's new man
power bill. It became known yesterday*
that the age limits have not been de
finitely agreed upon. The bill itself
has been entirely drafted, but the
section fixing the ages of the men to
be drafted has been written In blank.
Final determination of the age limits,
it is understood, will not be made
until next Monday.
The President Is known to be
?strongly opposed to any lowering ot
1 the draft age below the present m'm
Imura of 21. It is understood that the
'President inclines favorably toward
[making 36 the maximum and 21 the
I Officials In all departments of the
government engaged Iti war work
have from time to tima expressed the
fear that th? raising the draft age
limit to 45 years or even to 40 might
interfere very seriously with the labor
problem la the shipyards and muni
tion factories. This argument has had
great weight with those who favor
3t years as the maximum.
England SaT?nf NutsheUs.
London, Aug. 2. ? Householders,
hotel proprietor?? and restaurants
have been asked by the National Sal
vage Council to save all nutshells and
fruit stones, which are urgently re
' quired for war purposes. Systematic
GfiUtfiUe? ia to be arranged for, ..?
Exhumed from Ar
lington for Autopsy;
Widow Not Notified.
Seti?tlortel charge? that Capt
Hiram Perry Marat?n had been
jiolsoned when he died here February
12 laat led to hia body being exhumed
from it? resting place in tne .Arling
ton National Cemetery a few daya
ago, and an autopey over his remain?
In the presence of a coroner"? Jury.
These chars? were made by Mra
'Nellie O. Southwlck. of 44 Henry ave
nue, Melroae Highlands. Masa, a
? daughter of the late Capt. Mai ?'on
' by hla first wife, according to In?
? formation given out by the coroner at
1 Portion? of the body have been sub
| Jected to chemical teat?, with a view
i of ascertaining the extent of reliance
? that might be placed In the poison
ing theory.
The coroner's office haa announced
that It would require between two
and three weeks to determine these
chemical tests, on account of the
condition of the body after Ita long
WMew Legatee.
At the time of Capt. Marston's
death laat February, he left a will
dated January 1?. 1917. wherein hi?
widow, Mr?. Ophelia Marat?n, of l.TST
Monroe street northwest. Is made
sole legatee of his estate, with the ex
ception of SS bequeathed to his daugh
ter, Mrs. Southwtck, and the same
amount to Mr?. Dorothy C. Carey, 12.
Milton street, Brooklyn, N. T., a
The widow wa? alao named execu
trix of Capt. Marston'e estate, with
out bond?, and on March 4 of the
present year she filed a petition in
th? local courts for the probate of
the will.
On April 4 last, Mrs. Southwlck filed
a caveat against the probate of the
estate, alleging fraud and undue In
fluence In the making of her father's
will, and followed this up on April S
by filing a petltlon.ln Justice Siddonr
court, asking for the appointment of
a collector to determine the extent of
value of the estate.
Thl? latter petition has been denied
by Justice Siddons, according to a
statement to The Washington Herald
last night by William Hinton Hallo
way, attorney for Mrs. Marat?n.
Some sensational features of the
latter petition are contained In the
Considering Plan to Make Trip on
Liberty Loan Campaign.
President Wilson hopea to find time
to visit California and other States
of the Pacific Coast this fall. Tenta
tive plans now under consideration
may make it possible for him to make
the tour In connection with the next
liberty loan campaign.
The Prealdent expressed his wish to
make the trip in a letter to Repre
aertatlve Randall, of California, which
was ?ent yeaterday in response to a
formal Invitation. The President's
letter waa as folows:
"Ever since I came to Washington
I have not only wished to vialt the
Pacific Coast, but have repeatedly
tried to work out a plan to do so, but
always something haa intervened
which made it my Imperative duty to
remain In Waahington. You may be
sure, however, that I shall not give
up the hope or atop trying to make
the plan. Thanking you for your g?n
erons reference to myself. Cordially
and sincerely, *
Bolsheviks Agree to Separate Es
thonia aad Livonia.
Amsterdam. Aug. 2?The Frank
furter Zeitung announce? the Bolshe
vik government haa agreed not to op
pose the separation of Eathonia ami
UvoDla {rom Rus?la. _
Exact Information on Our
Losses Soon Ready, War
Department Says. *
Men Taken to Nearest Base
Hospital; Information
Hard to Assemble:
Exact information as to the loss
es suffered by our army in the
present offensive will be given the
American people within a day or
Gen. Per.hlng is beginning to set
complete data on casualties, which
he will cable to this country as
soon as possible. This announce
ment was made yesterday by Sec
retary Baker.
Arrangements have been com
pleted by the Postoffice Department
which now controls the telegraph
and telephone systems, and tha
Committee on Public Information,
for the prompt transmission of the
reports to parents and relatives of
men killed and Injured in battle.
First Lia? Alaaaat Ready.
It Is admitted at the War De
partment that the daily casualty
lists of the past two weeks have
not adequately reflectad our losses
abroad. The reason for this has
been the difficulty faced by Gen.
Pershing in collecting the informa
tion. His flrst list, however. Is
practically ready for cable.
While losses tn the present of
fensive are expected to be serious,
and may even appear enormous to
tbe casual observer, they are really
only commensurate with the fight
ing now In pro?-ass. They will be
large becau??? ot 4a? terrifie Saghling
of ths last, two weeks and also be
cause of the Urge number of Ameri
can troops engaged in the conflict
Latest reports give more than SOO.
000 of our men along the battle
Our troops are widely scattered,
however, and when injured are re
moved to the nearest base hospital
which may be our own. or French
or British. This was explained by
Secretary Baker as follows:
**I have received a cablegram from
Gen. Pershing with regard to reports
ot casualties. He points out that our
troops are still widely separated,
serving in many places, and that our
wounded are taken to French and
British hospitals as well as our own,
causing great difficulty and compli
cation in securing accurate Informa
tion. In addition to this the troops
are separated from their records while
In the area of conflict and must de
pend upon very inadequate and tem
porary telearraph lines arhlch are sub
ject to frequent Interruption and
must, for the most part, be devoted
entirely to the urgent business of Ihe
battle itself.
"Gen. Pershing aaeures me that he
is making every effort to collect cas
ualty lists, have them confirmed und
verified, and that they will be trans
mitted promptly."
The high wster mark tn our cas
ualty lists th'is far has not exceeded
300 names in a single day, and these
lists represent only the daily toll of
average warfare. The present battle,
however, according to Gen. March,
chief of staff, has resolved Itself Into
a conflict wherein both sides ""are
trying to kill as many of each other
aa possible."
Make ritorte te Give Troth.
There Is no disposition In the War
Department to attempt to keep the
truth of our losses from the Ameri
can people. On the contrary, every
effort has been made to let them
know It. it was to correct the false
impression In some parts of the coun
try that we were shielding losses that
caused Secretary Baker to cable Oen.
Pershing. requesting all Information
possible concerning our recent and
present casualties.
One result of the present offensive
will be the return of many Invalided
officers to this country. They will be
used at cantonments and training
camps as instructors, along with
French and British officers. Secre
tary Baker said yesterday the War
Department had adopted the policy
of Invalided officers ss Instructors
wherever possible.
Admits It for the First Time in
Amsterdam. Aug. ?.?The German
Socialist press is emphasising that
the Kaiser in his message admits for
the rirst time the existence? of an
American peril. The papers frankly
tell their compatriots that had th?
Kaiser admitted this two years ago
"the war probably would have been
over by now."
Spanish Government Requests They
Be Allowed to Go to ?Spain.
Liondon. Aug. ??Madrid advices re
port? the Spanish government Is mak
ing efforts to prevent the assassina
tion or execution of forman- Osar
Nicholas? family. A request ia said
to have been sent to the Bolshevist
government to allow the otarina and
her daughters to go to Spain.
Learn Night Flymf.
Ellington Field. Tex.. Aug. 2.?A
new course in advanced nicht flying
has bean Inaugurated to simulate
conditions that the pilot will encoun
ter when he crosses the Unas after
dark. A powerful searchlight has
been installati,
Western Pivot of Enemy's .Aisne
Front Captured; Ville-en
Tardenois Also Falls
Enemy, Now Forced to Retreat Nine
Miles from Soissons, May Be
Cut Off, Is Allied Hope
_ "a,
Paris, Aug. 2.?Soissons, the western pivot
of the crown prince's Aisne front, was cap
tured by the allies late today. With the fall
of this big base the entire German right be
tween the Aisne and the Ourcq collapses.
Ville-en-Tardenois, pivot of the German east
flank southwest of Rheims, also has been
Capture of both cities was announced by
the war office in its night communique.
The Germans now must fall back to Vailly*
nine miles northeast of Soissons. The retreat
of all German forces below the ?\isne may,
however, be cut off if the allies break through
north of that river east of Soisspns.
Together with the capture of the two im
portant cities, the war office announces that
the German right wing has crumpled up.
With the Americans on the Oui?,, Aug. 2.?The Americani
continu?; to acfvanct* toward the Vesle. French cavalry it _
contact with the enemy. The Germans pulled out "deanly" ft*
'a distance of six kilometers (nearly four miles). There wa? oc
artillery firing as the Americans followed the foe.
All the lines radiating from Soissons are either now cut 01
under fire and so are the bridges across the Aisne.
Possession of the mountain of Paris, southwest of Soissons.
which the French stormed on the morning of Jury ?T, when th?
: Americans passed beyond Ploisy, gave the French the key te
Soissons, since from that height the allied long range guns con
tinually bombarded the city and its surroundings while the air
planes did equally deadly work at night
The Germans sitll remaining in the salient must withdraw
by way of the Rheims end of the salient, which lacks means of
Moreover the capture of Soissons ends all chance* of the
Germans making a stand on the Vesle.
The entire line of the crown prince resting on the Aisne it
imperilled by today's victorious advance.
"Restrained Only by Fear of Con
sequences,*' Says Roberts.
London. Aug. 2.?"The Germ?n
viewpoint seems to be that 'It is
Incredible that Ludendorff can be
beaten; he has something up his
sleeve,*" said Lord Robert Cecil,
assistant secretary of etite for for
eign affairs. In a talk with foreign
correspondents here today.
Commenting on the Kaiser's mes
sage on the fourth anniversary of
the war's outbreak. Lord Cecil sai?
"When I flrst cam? to this office
I thought the Germane much like
any one else?if you treat them tn
a certain way they respond. It ia
exactly the reverse. The only thing
that restrains the Germans is fear
of consequences. Their treatment
of prisoners is affected only by that.
"That Is why I deplore Lans
downe's last letter. It is the wrong
way of meeting the Germans. They
do not respond to reason.
"My conception is that each nation
should bind Itself, insofar a? you
ore going to employ force, to uae
the whole of it- force and carry
out a league's decision along wtth
the use of economic power.
"With the proper use of economic
power, we will need no military ac
tion. No country in Europe could
go on very long without imports
and exporta. We ought to use the
very strong feeling which will
grow out of thi? war. to shove hu
manity ahead a bit, but the spirit
of nationalities 1? too strong to be
submerged now by the ultimate goal
of internationalism."
This General Blamed for Disaster
at Marne. Says Dispatch.?
Bern?, Aug. t.?tten. "Ludendorff la
universally blamed for the West
front disaster, according to adrices
from Oerman sources, which declara
he will be superseded by Field Mar
shal von Xacfcensen.
A Zurich dispatch say? that Field
Marshal von Hindenburg praticipated
In a recent conference at headquar
ters and accused Ludendorff of mis
management and Imprudence. Lu
dendorff placed the responsibility ??
hla lubortlinatu.
Retreat to Vede
Now Under Wty?
I Pari?, Au?. 2-Th? laat lar ef tM
1 German reti?tf to Um Vaai? i? und??
! way, it ereexia.
Th? French and Amtrican? Uta to
day had advanced between two ?nd
I three mile? on a front of U kilometer?
linearly aUteen rallen ageinrt th?
Orman mrht between Boiaaon? aad
Fere-en-Tardenol?. To the mullinn
? nd cut or that town the Gerroar
front receded automatically.
I ??erman resistaaoa haa weakened oa
; ?II ?Idea of the pocket. la ?everal
: sectors the Teuton? had evacuated
j ovi muht position? for which only
I yesterday they fought like demon?.
I Tonight It 1? clear that Uta croira
prince ha? realised he cannot ?t?nd
anywhere below the Veale. Many
critics believe he never hoped to a?
so, but fought a delaying battle ta
get hi? vast maun of troop? and
?torea out of danaer before ab? ??don
ine the Ourcq and Arde Una
ls.li> ef "Bex" Ahlaaa.
The whole tnatde of th? "box."*
which 1? now beine ?wiftly flattenet*
to a typical trench warfare front. It
abl?se. Stream? of ?hell? ara pontina
from all side? upon the German com
munications. The Germana are add
ing to the treat ori) of flame bt
setting afire all the material they raa
not take alone, and burn?? man)
town* and villages
Both the fltrmin retirement and tht
allied advance are proceeding method.
Ically, each ?id? ever ?lert for ?
sudden shift In th? opponent'? tac
Had Bee? ? 'raatkling.
Since yesterday the German Fer??
Ville front had been ateadily crumb
line away and that waa tha alenai
for Foch to resume hl? hsmmerlng
aeainat the Soi?aon?-Busanry-Fer?
front. For even at thl? ?tage of
the greit battle there la always th?
chance of a audden ?trateei?1 coa?
by the enemy aad th? oaly tw?
places where such a >-oup could he
attempted are the Aolesona and
Rheims sectors, which form th?
"?boulder?" of the crown prim??'?
army. Ware the Franco-Americsr
forcea to daah headlone after th?
German? between Fere-en-T?ro>
noia and VIUe-ea-Tardenoia thi
eaemy might make a aaddaa move
to "heave" oaa or hoth et hit
"ehoeld?ra~ umt nia? oat hla **al
bow?"?? moy? which If aaeeaaaftT
would ?pell tremeadou? ateaac? tc
? the ??le? engaeed la Uta
t?imisT*_> osTta??

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