OCR Interpretation


The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, August 04, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1918-08-04/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THE WEATHER
Today and tomorrow?Fair and
wann. Highest temperature yester
day, S$; lowest?. ?So.
YOU MUST READ
A MORNING NEWSP.APER
TO LE.ARN THE
LATEST WAR DEVELOPMENTS
NO. 4300.
WASHINGTON. P. C. SUNDAY. AUGUST 4, 1918.
TWO CF^TS
AMERICAN TROOPS ENTER FISMES;
VESLE REACHED; 50 TOWNS FALL
*m
RUSS INTEGRITY
PROTECTED
BY?.S.
i ?
President Firmly Opposes
Military Intervention Un
tier Present Conditions.
JOINS JAPAN, HELPING
SIBERIA TO STABILITY
Muscovites Assured no Vio
lation of Sovereignty
Will Be Permitted.
PROSPECT FOR FORMATION
OF GREAT REPUBLIC CITED
Acting Secretary Polk Issues Coun
try's Declaration of Economic
* ? Commission's Purposes.
President Wilson has set his face
firmly against military intervention
In Russia In forca under present con
ditions.
Th? government of the United
States has. however, proposed to
Japan that the two governments send
a fort? of a few thousand men tn
*Vladivoetock with th? purpose of co
operating as a single forca In the
occupation of Vladivostock and in
safeguarding the country to the rear
of the westward-moving Ssecho-Sto
oaka Tbe Japanese government hss
consented.
This, for the present. Is the solu
tion of the Siberian and Russian
question, and. in the best opinion of
high officials of Washington, tt is
the decision of a true friend of Ihe
?Jemo'.TRiry of Russia.
# The momentous decision wss resched
after a conference or .half an haur
at Ihe State Department yesterday
afternoon with PrcsWeoit Wilsfcn.
Acting Secretary of state Polk and
Secretary Baker preeent.
-President Wilson has always held
ttat one of the great accomplish
ments of an .-.Hied victory will be
the firm establishment of democracy
In Russia. He haa never lost faith
that order will grow out of the pres
ent chaos, and the the Russian peo
ple, with what outside aid' can
he properly rendered them, will And
themselves, and out of the travail
that has marked the **birth of m-iny
nations, will come one or the greatest
republics of the world, and a stout
ally of world democracy.
Some time after the conclusion of
the conference at the State Depart
ment. Acting Secretary of State Polk
issued the following carefully pre
pared and comprehensive statement
giving tbe official view of this got.
eminent on American-Japanese ac
tion tn Siberia :
Tke Stateaaeat.
"In the Judgment of the government
of the I'nited Statea?a Judgment ar.
rived at after repeated and eery
.searching consideration of the whole
situation? military Intervention In
Russia would be more likely to add to
the present aad confualon there than
to cure It. and would Injure Rusala
rather than help her out of her dis
tresses.
"Auch military Intervention as has
been most frequently proposed, even
supposing It to be efflcsclous in Its
Insediate objeot of delivering an at
tack upon Germany from the east,
would. In Its Judgment, be more
likely to turn out to be merely a
method of making use of Russia
than to b? a method of serving her.
"Her people. If they profited by It
at all. could not profit by it tn time
to deliver them from their present
desperate difficulties, and their sub
stance would meantime be used to
maintain foreign armies, not to re
ronstitute their own or to feed their
own men. *?omni, and children.
"We are bending all our energies
now to the purpose, the resolute and
confident purpose, of winning on
the western front, and it would tn
the judgment of the government of
the United States be moat unwtae to
divide or dissipate ouf forces,
?eek Raaa Wishes?.
"As the Government of the Unit
td States sees the present circum
stances, thererfore. military action
is admissible lir Russia now only to
render.such protection and help as
Is possible to the Csecho-Slovaks
agalnat the armed Austrian and
"?erman prisoners who are attack
ing them and to steady any efforts
st self-government or self-defense
In which the Russians themselves
may be willing to accept assistance.
"Whether from Vladivostok or
from Murmansk and Archangle. the
enly present object for which Amer
ican troops will be employed will be
to guard military stores which may
subsequently be needed by Russian
forces and to render such aid as
may be acceptable to the Russians
Its ths organisation of their own
self-defense.
?"With such objects tn view the
government of the United Ststes Is
now co-operating with the govern
ments ot France and Great Britain.
In tbe neighborhood of Murmansk
snd Archangel.
H*. S. aad Japan.
"The United States and Japan are
the only powers which are Just now
In a position to act In Siberia In
sufficient force to accomplish even
euch modest objects aa those that
have been outlined.
Tile government of the United
States. Has therefore, proposed to
the government oi* Japan that each
of the two governments send a force
of a few thousand men to Vladi
vostok, with the purpoae of co?
?jperattng as a single force In the
occupation of Vladivostok, and in
safeguarding-, so far as It may, the
????????? 0* TAUS ????
A
Ludendorfi Is Polite;
Says Enemy "Follows
U? Hesitatingly"!!!
Official reports may come
sad official reports may go,
bat here's the most polite way
in which Ludendorff has yet re
ported defeat and retreat to
the "homeland."
OFFICIAL WAR REPORT.
Berlin, ?Ha London, Aug.
3.?The successes of the
army of Gen. von Boehm,"
says today's war office re
port covering yesterday's
operations in the West,
"contributed to our success
yesterday. The enemy's
fire was directed against
our old fighting zone till
11 o'clock, when his infan
try and cavalry followed us
hesitatingly.
"In the Champagne we
took 100 prisoners near
Souain, east of Rheims.
"An English attack near
Ypres yesterday ??ras beat
en off by us."
?. S. FARMERS
OFFER TO TAKE
PREWAR PRICE!
Labor Unions, too, in Fight
on Profiteering; Letters
to Congress.
-
Coincident with announcement of a
nation-wide campaign against food
profiteering of retail dealers by the
National Food Administration yes
'S*rday, it became known that every
Congressional district in the coun
? try is bPln? canvassed by the Amcrl
. can Agricultural Association and co
operating organizationa in support
? of ita proposal that a?- maximum
j price-fixing law be enacted by Con
: cress.
Every member of Congress will
receive a letter signed by constit
uents urging him personally to for
ward a Joint Congressional inquiry I
into the practicability of such a law j
I and support ?uch measure when it |
Is introduced.
I Central Labor unions of each
Congressional district, together with
farmers' organisations, are at pres
ent circulating theae letters among
their membership. The first letters !
are expected to reach members .of '
Congress next week. There are from I
six to eight million men directly in- !
terested in the movement, officers of .
the Agricultural Association sato |
last night, and the letters will be ;
signed by approximately eighty per j
cent of the constituency of each
member. /
Prelection Agalaat ProBteer.
Adopted as a measure of protec- |
?tlon against the profiteer and ini- j
tiated by the American Agricultural!
Association, the movement has been !
Joined by other farmers' organiza- !
tions and labor unions throughout ;
the country. The Central Labor '
Union of Washington have Joined in !
the movement, as have others, G. W. ;
Steam, secretary of the Agricultural :
Association said last night.
Twenty-six governors ot States, six]
heads of prominent labor organiza
tions, five women Internationally
prominent in club and welfare work,
heads of local and national farm or
ganizations and a number of mem
bers of Congress of both parti?* are
on the advisory council of the asso
ciation, Mr. Stearn said. The asso
ciation Is not a political organization.
he added, and has no connecton with
the Xonpartisan League of theNorth
west or any other political associa
tion.
Farmers are Loyal.
"The reason for the present co-oper
ation between the union labor organ
iza.ions and the farm organizations."
said Mr. Stearn yesterday, "is that
we are sick and tired of having the
press of the country publish state
ments that the farmers of this or that
section of the country are diloyal.
The next day we read that labor
unions in another section ere dis
loyal.'*
"We have decided." continued Mr.
Stearn. "to put the matter to a test.
I We wish to show who are the real
disloyalists in the United States.
I We wish to prove that the farmers
are not disloyal.
'"This la our proof. The greet
? majority of them will promptly
Mgnify their willingness to sell their
products for the average price pre
vailing in the years 1914. 1915 and
1*1?. The great majority of labor
unions through the country will
signify their willingness to accept
a scale of maximum wages taking
the United States as a whole for the
CONINCED ON ???? SEVEN.
PENALIZE BUG H. Y. HOTELS.
?St. Regis. Plaza and Imperial Guilty
of Over-stock ?7 Sugar.
New York, Aug. t.?The exclusive
St. Regis. Plaza and Imperial hotels
were penalised today upon conviction
of food hoarding. Investigation by
Arthur Williams, New Tork food ad
mlnlatrator. disclosed that the three
big hotels had on hand from two to
four months over-supply of sugar. .A
month's supply la the maximum al
lowance.
The St. Regis and Plaxa lost their
licenses to make, bake or sell Ice
cream or pastry for a period of thirty
days. The Imperial's penalty was the
closing of its restaurant (or two da*nfc
18 TO 45 YEARS
DRAFT AGE
LIMITS
?Secretary Bakei's New Man
Power Bill to Be Offered
Monday in Congress.
WILL YIELD 16,000,000
SOLDIERS, IF ADOPTED
Gives President Also Com
plete Mastery of the Na
tion's Labor Situation.
WILL SEEK PROMPT ACTION AT
RE-ASSEMBLING OF CONGRESS
Gen. Crowder Has Machinery Tun
ed Up to Execute Law Ten
Days After Enactment.
Draft age limits of 18 to 45 years
are fl\?d in the bill prepared by
Seeretary Baker and the Army Gen
eral staff. This will provide 16.000,
I-II-" men in addition to those already
subject to service.
Senator Chamberlain, chairman
of the Military Affairs Comlmttee,
will Introduce the bill Monday.
Chairman Dent of the House Com
mittee will offer It simultaneously
in the lower branch.
This announcement, made yester
day after conferences betwen Secre
tary Baker and the chairmen of the
Senate and House military commit
tees, ts not,.e to the whole world that
America intends to put etrery avail
able ounce of her man-power Into the
tight.
The measure will authorise the
President to draft persons betwen
the age? ot IS and 4b who may bs>
Itabel to military service "in sui*
sequence of ages and at such time or
times as he may prescribe." The ef
fect of this will be tbat the President
mav call out all the younger men
first.
The bill would give the President
complete mastery of the labor situa
tion, and would he la a general way
a wholesale broadening of the "work
or fight" order recently promulgated
by Gen. Crowder.
However, the labor control ts In
cidental, as shown by Secretary Ba
ker, who said:
Not Labor Conscription.
"All the possible combinations of
age limits were carefully studied
and it was found that in order to
get the men into Class 1 for the
program proposed 18 to 45 was
necessary. The bill when introduc
ed, however, will contain a provi
sion authorizing the President to
call men out of Class 1 by classes,
according to ages, so that If It is
found possible the men between 18
snd 19 will be called out later than
the older men who are found eligible j
to Class 1.
"This will undoubtedly have the !
effect of taking men who are other- ?
wise deferred and putting them into
useful labor, but it does not con
script anybody ? for labor. It Is
purely a military matter."
I ndcrstood President Approves.
Tt is taken for granted Secretary
Haker has the approval of the Pres
ident for the new bill.
When Senator Chamberlain, chair
man of the Senate committee on
Military Affairs, left the War de
partment after conferring wtth Sec
retary Baker yesterday morning, he
took with him a typewrlten copy of
the bill given to htm by the Secre
tary. He will Introduce the bill
Monday morning.
Senator Chamberlain will call his
committee together Tuesday to go
over the terms of the bill so that
ah early report may be made.
Chairman Dent of the House com
mittee will Introduce the bill sim
ultaneously in the House and will
also take it up with the members
of his committee.
The Senate is bound by a unani
mous consent agreement to take up'
the prohibition rider In the Agri
cultural bill aa soon as the regular
sessions are resumed and dispose of
It before other business Is consid
ered. The effect of this may be to
Impede the progress of the man
power bill.
Chamberlain Wanta Early Action.
Senator Chamberlain Is hopeful
that It can be put Into operation be
fore the registrants In Class 1 are
exhausted.
The possibility of the bill encoun
tering stiff opposition in the House
was also considered yesterday. Some
of the House leaders expressed the
opinion that lowering the draft age
to 18 will be strongly opposed in that
body.
Senator Chamberlain, who by vir
tue of his position ss chairman of
the committee will lead the fight for
the bill In the Senate, Is heartily In
sympathy wtth its provisions. He is
particularly pleased because the en
forcement of the measure will be
tantamount to universal military
training. He has sponsored a univer
sal military training bill in several
sessions of Congress. , , ,
"The WH will give th??--president
authority to summon all seen be
tween 18 and 45 in caae of a- great
emergency." Senator Chamberlain
said. "But I understand It will not
be the purpose of the administration
to call men above II unless they are
absolutely necessary. The younger
men make the best soldiers.
"The bill will remove all danger
that it will be necessary to invaile
Classe?? :. 3 and 4 of the present draft.
I believe;. We can get enough men
CON-T?KICO VA FAI? rivfc
-S-e
Baker Denies Report
That U. S. Casualties
In Offensive Are 12,000
Official denial of the report
that American casualties in the
present offensive total 13,000
was made late yesterday after
noon by Secretary of War
Baker in the following press
interview:
"I have before me a copy
of the Times, carrying a
statement that Gen. Persh
ing estimates United States
casualties at 13.000, and
says that Gen. March said
that to the Military Affairs
Committee. That is not
so. Gen. March sait! noth
ing on the subject, nor did
I. Nobody said anything
,. on that subject or anything
like it, that I can recall.
"There was a chart
showing the total number
of casualties in the Ameri
can Expeditionary Force
up to the present time, of
all kinds, from all sources,
and that aggregated some
thing like 13,000, and that
chart was shown, but it had
nothing whatever to do
with casualties in the pr?s1?,
ent drive.** )
24-DAY RECORD
IS MADE WITH
"INVINCIBLE"
12,000-Tonner Launched
in Quick Time at
Alameda.
The 12,060-ton steel steamship Inrin
etbl??, whose keel was laid on the
Fourth of July, will take the water
from the Alameda. California, yards
of tha Bethlehem Corporation tomor
row.
The keel of the Invincible was laid
directly after her big sister, the
Defiance, was launched as a part of
the great Fourth of July splash which
was heard around the world.
Records are being smashed almost
daily in American shipyards in the
launching and finished production of
steel and wooden ships, but the feat
of the Alameda yard In sending two
record-breaking ships from one way
was such a notable performance that
Chairman Edwsrd N. Hurley, of the
United States Shipping Board, sent
the good news abroad in cables to
"Lord Northcliffe and Sir Joseph
Maclay, the British minister of ship
ping.
?fremono- At Roc Island.
In his messages of good cheer
Chairman Hurley included the news
that the flrst big steel ship would
be launched from the great Hog
Island yards at Philadelphia, Monday.
On this occasion President Wilson,
high officials of the government and
members of the Diplomatic Corps,
will take part in the ceremonies, and
the ship will go into the water under
the sponsorship of Mrs. Wilson. The
launching at Hog Island will mark
the actual birth to the water of the
first ship from the greatest yard ever
built, and one that will produce ships
faster than the same class of vessila
were ever built before.
Mr. Hurleys cable to Lord North
cliffe reads:
"Tou know so well the high spirit
of American shipbuilders and their
friendly rivalry to deliver tonnage
that you will be glad to learn that
Alameda shipyard, California. to
morrow launches 12.000-ton steamship
Invincible built In twenty-four work
ing days. Keel laid July 4th. In
thlrty-flve working days after
launching she will be ready for use.
Hog Island launches flrst hull Mon
day and Merchant shipyard, Bristol,
Pa., launches flrst hull today. Four
big fabricated ahlp plants all swing
ing on steady production. This ton-?
nage backs our fighters and feeds
nations associated wtth us during
war, and after war will help restore
CONTIiotJ?D ON PAGE TWO.
SUB SINKS SCHOONER
NEAR MAINE COAST
U-Boat Reported by Survivors
Landed at Grand Manali, ?. ?.
Eastpoit. Me.? Aug. 3.?The crew ot
nine men j rom a lumber-laden four
masted schooner were landed at
Grand Manan. New Brunswick, today.
The men reported their vessel waa
sunk by a submarine last night be
tween -Briar Island and Grand Manan.
She was the British schooer Dorn
fonteln.
The crew escaped In a small boat
and landed at the life-saving station
on Grand Manan Island.
Grand Manan Island is eight miles
east, of the eastern extremity ot
Maine. Briar Island. Nova Scotia, la
thirty-five miles southeast of Grand
Manan, on the eastern side of the
Bay of Fundy.
**he following official announcement
was Issue?] yesterday by the Navy
Department:
"The Navy Department Is Informed
that nine men In a dory who landed
at Ganaet Rock Light at ?:W a. m.
today reported that a schooner was
sunk by a submarine at 11 :X> o'clock
yesterday morning thlrty-flve miles
w?st-southwest ot Briar Island, near
the coaat of Nova Scotia.
"The submarine crew took off pro
visions from the ichoonar and then
set It afire, they reported. The sub
marine, they said, appeared to be
about 200 feet long and carried two
Suns."
BAKER DENIES
12,000 LOSS
REPORT
?
Avers No Official Estimate
Has Been Made for Pres
ent Offensive.
PERSHING WILL HURRY
CASUALTY LIST CABLE
Has More Than 1,000,000
Yanks in His Own Zone,
Rea<Jy for Huns.
TOTAL AFLOAT AND IN FRANCE
MORE TAN 1.300.T?? TROOPS
300.000 Sent in July. Breaking All
Records?Hua Dead Piled
High on Fields.
Secretary Baker late yesterday af
ternoon issued an official denial of
a printed statement, accredited to
Gen. Peyton C. March, and publish
ed In a Waahington afternoon news
paper, that th? American casualties
in the present drive total 11,000.
Secretary Baker explain? In his
statement that the total casualties
of the American Expeditionary
?Forces, excluding the pr?sent drive,
total slightly over 1-.0SO.
No official estimate of loser? sus
tained by our troops in the present
offensive have been made public, he
?tated.
Explaining the Incompleteness of
the casually li.?la published from day
to- day. Gen. .?larch, at his regular
meekly conference witn newspaper
men yeaterday ?aiti: ,
?'General Perching replied to our
order to ?end all casualties that the
delay In sending them In waa due
: to Iahe fact that our men were serving
under the British and the Fre-tch.
1 aa well aa under our own comman
| der?, but that casualties would be
j cabled as soon ss they had been com
; pletely verified.
I "You may well Imagine how dis
j attrous it would be If the casualties
I were cabled and then correction? had
; to be made. The distress would be
t-eyond_ all question, and so these
] lista are going to come In antl aa aeon
? as they do come In they ?sill be given
I out, whatever they are."
Pet-BfalaaT Has Million.
? General Pershlng. commander-ln
chief of the American Expeditionary
? Forces In France, haa in his owe
area, as his own troops, not brigaded
with the British, over 1.000.0(1) men. It
I was officially announced by Gen.
March.
Three hundred thousand men have
? been sent overseas during the month
of July, Gen. March stated. Thia
breaks the previous high water mark
of ?76.0O0.
The number of men now In France
or en route is well over 1,300,000.
So closely do German dead cover
the ground in the region under allied
fire in the present offensive that tt la
impossible to advance troops without
walking over Hun corpse?, a confi
dential cablegram to the War De
partment from an officer of the Twen
ty-sixth Division, made public yeater.
day, mates.
Gea. March's gtateaaeat.
"August 1. heavy attack? by the
British and French on the Chadun
Plateau, south of Solssona and fur
ther -southeast around Deuxheux.
bent back the enemy'? line at thia
point for a distance something Ilka
two miles," said Gen. March. "The
result of these blow? on the flanks
forced a retirement along tha entire
German front on August 2.
"On the Wast flank the enemy
had to retire across the Crise River,
and the French walked into Sols
sons. In the center during the day
of August 2 the retirement covered
an average distance of from three to
four miles on a front of SO miles.
"On the east flank, on the heights
west of Rheims, our advance waa
finally on a four mile front for a
diatance of about one mil?.
"Our line last evening ran nearly
parallel to the valley of the com
bined Vesle and Ardre Rivers, and
the distance from where we are to
their position, which 1? a more or
less natural defensive position, ls
only a little more than six miles.
y.army Retire? It Mllea.
"The perlmlter of this gradually
diminishing salient ha? now come
down to 48 mile? on Autrust _, from
74 mllea at the start. The depth of
the enemy's retirement la now It
miles.
"During this advance, beginning
with the counter-offenalve, we bave
had eight United Statea Division?
now engagsed. First, Second, Third,
Fourth, Twenty-sixth, Twenty
eighth, Thirty-second and Forty
second. We have located definitely
the troop? which were engaged
against the Fourth Pmsisan
Guarda. They were the Forty-sec
ond Division?tbe Rainbow Division.
"In connection with the Ameri
can forces abroad there haa beeen
?ome discussion about the propor
tion of the forcea which Is brigaded
with the Britlah. and I will aay that
Gen. Parshing haa In his own area
as hi? own force, not brigaded with
the Britlah. over 1,000.000."
Gen. March replied to written
questiona:
"la the Eeventy-nlnth the dl-vl
eion from which troops have beea
ahlpped to Italy? '
Anawer: "No." .
"What are the names and assign
ment? of brigadier generals return
ing from Fi?acer"
Answer: Tha cenerai officers re
co.n~kv.sD ?? fags rive,. ?
Our Troops Enter Important Supply Base; Progress
Over 30-Mile Front Between Soissons
and Rheims; Reach Vesle,
? 11 !? ? II
MORE THAN 50 VILLAGES RETAKEN
DURING DAY AS ALLIES PROGRESS
Dozen Bridges Across Aisne Near Soissons Now in Possession of
French; Score of Others Under Gunfire of Allies.
Gains May Stretch to Albert.
Paris, Aug. 3.?American troop? have entered Fieme?, the war of
fice announced .tonight.
Allied progress continued today over a thirty-mile front be?
t ween Soissons and Rheims.
The Vesle River has been reached between .Soissons and Fismes.
To the east of Fismes the battle line runs north of Courville,
Brancourt and Courcelles to Champigny.
More than fifty villages were recaptured by the allied forces dur
ing the day.
KAISER'S PETS
BROKEN UNDER
YANKEE STEEL
Ex-Lumberjacks at Cierges
Cause Carnage Among
Hun Gunners.
(By a Ct?occsal ?"Wrote Staff C?vT??opo??d?iiLl
With the Americans on the Ourcq.
Aue. ?.-? Delayed ?-Six hours after the
Prussian guards pulled out of BelleTue
farm just north of Cierges thia morn?
Ing. I visited the s?ene of the 36-hour
struggle between a battalion of Amer
ican ex-lumberjacks and the Kaiser's
picked trope.
The dead, of couree, were still un
burled. Even the wounded of both
aides were still about and the work
of mercy waa juat beginning.
I was auprised to find that such a
deaperate atruggle had coat only eo
few casualties. An American officer
explained to me that It had been a
battle between relatively small forces,
but it was a battle to the death.
American and German artillery al
ternately battered the hamlet which
was formerly the headquarters of the
German Gen. von Wlchuraa. A fea?
remaining houses testify that Is was
a village a week ago. The lighting,
however, took place mostly outside
Cierges.
Few Aaaerieaaa Fait,
Only a few Americane fell in the
course of the gallant charge down
the slopes and through the wheat
fields Into the village. In the o-.it
skirts, especially on the north side
of Cierges, the Prussian machine gun
ners stood ready to receive the Amer
icans. Their guns were jammed Ay
our boys before they could break
down the attack. So the lumberjacks
leaped among the Teutons and a
frightful carnage ensued. It was fight
ing with cold steel all the way
through ? saw more bayonet wounds
among the dead and wounded than
ever before. Germans and Americans
lay side by side transfixed by broken
bayonets.
Several Hun bayonets which had
been withdrawn had saw teeth filed
in the blades.
The bayonetted Germane outnum
bered the Americans ten to one. owing
to the fact that the Germans . were
serving machine guns when the
Yankees came upon them.
The stretch between Cierges and
Bellevue Farm was dotted with dead
Prussian guardsmen sniped by Ameri
cans.
Coreara Washed la Rala.
The German corpses presented a
ghastly appearance. The faces were
pinched and drawn and washed white
by the pouring rain.
Bellevue Farm itself was turned
Into a shambles. As the German bat
talion? were forming for counter at
tack there they were caught by the
American gunflre. The courtyard of
the farm is littered with torn and
twisted bodies, sometimes three deep
where a shell exploded among a knot
of fighting men.
Between Bellevue Farm and Cham
ery only a few odd German? caught
en route lay dead, except on the
Dereddy Farm, which became an
other burying ground for the elite of
the Kaiser** army. Prussian reserve
OOKTINUED FROM ? AGB SET"**???.
QUERIES HUl?RESERVE POWER
Westminster Gazette Asks How Lu
dendor? Will Fill Gaps.
London, An?. 3.?""Where wilt he
set his men*!*" asks the military
critic of . ?Ae "Westminster Gazette
tn discussing the question of how
Ludendorff will attempt to regain
th? Initiative In the West
"The German class of 1920 will not
All the wastage of a single month.
In any event such immature re
cruits are not for a moment to be
compared with the Amerlcaa troop?
who are not alone the flower of mil
itary ace bat have already proved
that, given ? brief experience they
are phenomenally qulek to learn and
are equal to aay lighting forces In
the worM.**- ~
RETREAT OF CROWN PRINCE
ASSUMES SHAPE OF ROUT
Paris, Aug. 3.?The great German base and railroad cea?
ter at Fismes has fallen into the hands of the allies in their
sweep northward from the Marne. The mouth of the pocket
from which the crown prince's battered forces are stniggUng
to escape northward to the VeJe or Aisne it thus turrowed to
approximately seven miles.
During the day the allied line has been pushed forward so
that it is now virtually parallel with the road extending from
Rheims to Soissons by way of Fumes.
Fifty villages formerly occupied by the crov? pnnce's
forces fell into the hands of the allies in their rapid northward
sweep since early morning.
The retreat of the crown prince's army has now assumed
the proportions of an absolute rout
PERSHING GIVEN HIGH HONOR
WITH TRIBUTE FROM CLEMENCEAU
Paris, Aug. 3.?The Grand Cross of the Legion of
Honor was conferred today upon Gen. Pershing by Premier
Clemenceau, who said in making the presentation:
"We recognize your eminent qualities and remark
able services. France will never forget that at the moment
of her hardest struggle the valiant Americans came."
AMERICANS MAKE PROGRESS THROUGHOUT DAT.
With the Americans on the Ourcq. Aug. 3 (8 p. ?.).?A dozen
bridges across the Aisne near Soissons are in French possession. A
score of others are under allied gunfire.
Advancing east of Soissons the French reached Venizel at day
break today and continued to make progress throughout the day.
American troops entered Nesle Wood, capturing several batteries
of field guns, as well as 6-inchers. The Americans smothered the ra?
maining German machine-gun nests, suffering no casualties.
Advancing eastward from Cohan, in the region of Gaizy Wood,
the Americans encountered only the feeblest artillery fire.
German prisoners assert that all German shells hase been blow?
up except the thousands that fell into Franco-American hands.
Allied artillery is being brought up with remarkable speed at
he advance goes on.
Teutons' Chance to Stand
?Before Aisne NU.
Pari?. Aug. t.?Frene* cavalry haa
reached the Aisne three miles east
of Soissons on tbe German right. On
the crown prince s left the allies are
last approaching the Veale. All
chance ot the Teutons malting a stand
before they reach the Chemin de?
Dame?, north of the Aisne, Beemas
shattered.
The allied pincers are swiftly
closing the door of the death trap
below the Vesle.
Foch has overnight narrowed the
German gate of escape to lesa than
seven mllea. Across that gate allied
(runs are pouring a stream of shell?
from both sides. American guns took
part In the shelling of Fismes.
Braisne. an important rail aad
road intersection, six and one half
mllea weat of Fismes ls near fall.
To tha east of Fismes the allies
are approaching Jonchery, less than
sia mile? away.
The allied center, having passed
the Fere - en-Tardenota-Coulonges
Ville-en-Tardenol? line. Is plunging
nor.thward hard on the heela ot the
retreating Germans.
It ia bow clear that the crown
prince finally made up his mind two
day? ago to draw back to the Alan?.
I Since Thuraday he ha? thrown no
freah troop? Into the pocket but
haa concentrated hi? energy on ex
tricating hi? force? from the ever
tightening allied clutch. Last night
I when tha news of the fall of soia
! sona electrified France ?nd When
| Fach*? Rhein,'? army had mad? a
1 ?udden two-mile lung? westward It
Datsrtsl that th? bulk of the crowa
baU of <
I
prince's forces were yet to be ?tret
oft hopelessly from their sole avenue
of escape.
L*te today the situation looked a
degree mere favorable to the Teuton?
aa far as the possibility or a gre.it
encircling disaster Is concerned. How
ever, the main menace will not be
over until they are acroas lb? Veal?
and the Aisne. A stand south of
either river haa been made Impoasible
by the sudden contracting of Foch a
flank pincera
In the ?vanguard of the allied army
ploughing forward to the Vea.e ar?
large forces of pioneer? excellently
equipped and thoroughly prospered for
fording the river as ?oon aa t*-?cy
reach It.
The vaunted skill of the Germaa
pioneers that made possible tba
whirlwind crossing of the Marne
July 15 haa already been outclaaatd
by the French and Americana la
fording the Marne and the Ourcq la
the pursuit, and -these feats of tba
allied pioneers are such to be re
peated on the Vesle and Alane
River?.
"The troop? of all tbe allieed na
tions." ?ays Henri Bldou. the note?!
military critic, "are being employee
with the utmoat ?kill wherever they
are needed moat. The triumph bats?
Ion?? to all the allied nationa." '
"According to PUn?,"
Germans Explain.
Copenhagen. Aug. t?Territory wot
gtven up "according la plan?" by Ota
Cennaa armie? aort? ot the Stormo
i
O?KTIKI--0 oa raes
r*

xml | txt