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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, August 14, 1918, Image 1

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Totiay?Generally fair. Tomomjw
Probably thundershowers ; not much
change m temperature. Highest tem
perature yesterday, 95; lowest, 75.
NO. 4310.
ONE CENT mxmrmxinlttmVZJ?
Move Toward Petrograd
Gives No Anxiety to
Press Explains Diplomats
Will "Resume Liberty
of Action.
Tba RuMian ?ltuation la daily
?rowing mora pariions for German?*.
according to dlspatcbea to entente
embaaalea received here yeaterday.
V Now tbat tha Bolshevist rower
baa bean shaken and is momentarily
nearlng the breaking point, little
?MXIety ia evidenced because of the
reported movement ot Oerman
troops toward Petrograd. Should
they occupy the city, such action,
in Itself, tt la believed, would serve
? to awakaa the great masa of the
Russian people to their duplicity.
A cable from Berne yeaterday to
the Franch Embassy says that
Helfferich la on his way to general
headquarters to report on the Rus
sian situation. Thia ia attributed
to the Lokal Anseiger, which also
aays he will atay at general head
quarters for several days, and
which announces that membera of
the German diplomatic mission in
Russia have already arrived at
Desperate to Expiai??.
Meatlme another dispatch from
Berne ?ays "the situation develop
Ing in Russia appears to be causing
the greatest embarrassment and
anxiety to the German.?." It adds:
"The Germans are striving by all
mesas In their power to explain in
a way which only tends to emphasise
^tbeir ????*??-? ? "i*- tfrr defeat of their,
diplomatic' ml??* I or?. The ?in.-iel
note by the Wblff bureau, which an
nounces the transfer ot the Oerman
diplomatic mission to Tskov; was
??Followed by comments from the
Frankfurter Zeitung and the Lokal
Anseiger. The reasons given by
theae newspapers is that the Ger
man government, on the eve of
the downfall of the Bolshevists,
wishes to keep Ita liberty of ac
tion and insure Ita being able to
follow eventa A little distance
liait Urinilo?. With Savie?.
The two papers say tha removal
of the mission means that it will
no longer be able to keep up regu
lar relations with the Soviet gov
ernment, and one asserts:
"One haa a right to ask If thia Is
not the beginning of Germany's aban,
donment of the Bolshevist govern
The Rnaslan Republican League at
Paris yesterday addressed to Tchaln
kowski, president of the provisional
Russian government at Archangel,
the following telegram:
"The committee of the Russian Re
publican League at Paris salutes your
nomination, which promises the re
generation of Russia and Its libera
tion from the German and Bolshevist
yoke. In close and active alliance with
the Entente, which is bringing its gen
"?eroiA aid to Russia."
Slav Treaties "Within.
Meantime other Slav activity, out
aide of Russia, is worrying Germany.
The Vienna correspondent of the
Frankfurter Zeitung reproduces an ex
tract from the Reichenberger Zei
tung, which is causing keen agitation
in ?Herman circles in Vienna. It re
fers to the i*efusal o* the Cieche in
Bohemia to furnish foodstuffs to Ger
mans unless they are given arms and
ammunition In return.
The German national deputy, Hartt.
has addressed to the President of the
Council, the Minister of the Interior
and the Governor of Bohemia a peti
tion, which says In part:
"It Is a fart that at the present
moment the Czechs are provisioning
themselves, by the means that I have
Just described, in arms and ammuni
tion, whereas we Germans are being
deprived of them more and more every
day. I consider this fact aa ex
tremely serious, and I fell bound to
call the attention of competent
authorities to it."
Refuses Comment on British Recog
nition of Czecho-Slovaks.
Secretary of State Robert Lansing j
.last night declined to comment on the '
Veport that the British government
hau? extended r?cognition to the
Csecho-Sloviks. It u thought here
that tbe information should be con
strued to mean the British have affl
cially accepted and Indorsed the offer
of tbe Csecho-Slovak army to aid in
the rehabilitation of Russia.
Some months ago the British gov
ernment recognised the International
Council of Cxecho-Slovaks ss a body
politic. President Wilson also an
nounced his approval of the purpo.-iea
and alma of teh council in an address
to Congress In January of this year.
Body to Be Kept For French
New Tork. Aug. 12.?Ann? HelJs
funeral aervicee will be he'd tomor
row morning in Campbell's funeral
church, and will be public. Tho ho.ly
will reat In a reviving vault at Wood.
lawn Cemetery unti the end of the
war. when It will be taken for Its
final rest to Pere la C.ialse. Par'a.
This arrangement was one ef Misa'
?HeWs last -requests, it waa ?tiled to- j
day by her daughter, Mlaa Llano Cor. |
CommU?ion$ Abo
to Be Included in
?Suspended" Ruling
The order recently Issued
suspending enlistments ia tha
army and navy till otherwise or
dered haa the effect. Secretary of
War Baker announced yesterday
of preventing the granting of
any more commissiona to ci
vilians alao. Exceptions are of
course made In the caaes of tboae
whoee applications were com
plete In all detalla except offi
cial action by the Department.
Commissions will of course be
?ranted to those who win them
in the present training camps for
Daniels Will Have Story
from Smith's Island
Fully Probed.
In view of the importance of the
report from official sources off
Smitha Island, N. C, that the Ger
mana had begun to attack shore
stations by mustard gaa developed
from floating oil. Secretary Daniels
ia having the whole matter care
fully and fully Investigated.
Mr. Ds-ilels announced yeaterday
that because of the origin of the
report he regarded it aa a serious
matter and worthy of adequate in
quiry. Other oflcials auso, who
were Inclined Monday to take the
other view, are now of the opinion
that in these days of surprises tho
flotation of a chemically treated oil
on the tide into harbors might be
came m eerieas matter. ?? ?ahina
of hla determination te have aft ex
haustive Inquiry Mr. Daniels said:
"Nothing; is impossible. Some of
the officers are of the opinion that
.there may have been a mistake In
the report, but I have full confidence
in the commandant of the station
who aent the report and I take It
to be serious and true."
-WIM Take Trttlm..y.
It la understood that the comman
dant of the Sixth Naval District at
Charleston. S. C, will send experts
at once, tf not already sent, to col
lect all tha evidence remaining, and
to take the testimony of the six
men who were overcome by the gas.
The Inquiry will no doubt deter
mine the nature of the oil and per
haps by analysis it can be discov
ered how gas is produced by its
mere contact with salt water. One
ot the officer? here said today that
it would appear that in order for
such an oil to be effective the Ger
mans must have Invented some way
by which the gaa would begin to
develop after the oil had been drift
ing for some time.
It is certain that If the report of
the officers investigating the origin
of the gaa ahows that the German
trick is practical and may be used
on a large scale, the navy and coast
defense ?rill take steps to neutralise
Its effects. Mr. Daniels said yester
day, however, that the question ot
gas masks for coast guards and others
who might be exposed to the deadly
fumes was somewhat prematur-,
Chaaael Led ta Wilralagtea.
It waa pointed out that In the Smith
Island case the German scheme to
float the poison through Inland chan
nels was frustrated by the tide set
ting In strongly along Smith Island
Instead of penetrating more directly
into the open channel. The channel
in question leads into the important
city of Wilmington. North Carolina.
It Is realized that In order to make
the oil-gas scheme a succer?? the sub
marine must be able to carry a large
number ot b?rrela ot oil. Officials
a**?s disposed now to look tbe possibili
ties squarely in the face, but with
out any alarm, as the known facts do
not justify such alarm. It was sug
gested yesterday that the oil gaa waa
the thing referred to by the German
admiralty when It aaid after the flrat
submarine raid that they would come
back and strike terror into "the At
lantic coast.
Propose to Spread Clouds ?with Salt
to Overcome Drought
London, August 13.?Officials of
the Royal Meteorological Society
stated tonight that a proposal had
been submitted to the Australian
government to liquify ralnclouds by
overspreading them with salt from
airplanes, in order to overcome the
drought. The matter is still In an
experimental stage. ? It is pointed
out that for an area like Australia
several thousand airplanes would
be naeded to produce an adequate
Ki*f George Back fram Fra-act.
London. August 1J_King George
returned tonight from France,
I where he spent nine dsys with the
troops, the Court Circular an
British Governme-it Declares Them
An Allied Nation.
London. Aug. r?. Brltlah gov
ernment. In a jaraUon. rec
ognises the Cr as an allied
nation. TT?? tie Csecfc?? ?
Slav nation?! Uso ara reco??
nixed. , - '
Dr. Franklin Martin Heads
Medical Section of Na
tional Defense.
Three Classes, by Age,
Provided?State Con
trol Planned.
BelectiT? ?ervlce, en a voluntary
basis. Is to be extended to the physi
cians of th* United State*.
Under a plan announced last nicht
by Dr. Franklin Martin, chairman of
the General Medicai Board, Council
of National Defenee. the medical men
and women of the country are to be
mobilised by the Volunteer Medical
Service Corpa- Tai* ortranlxatlon la
authorised by the Council of Nations!
Defense and approved by President
The extended scope of the Volun
teer Medical Service Corps provide*
for the enrollment of every legally
qnallrled phyiictan, includine women
physicians, holding the degree of doc
tor of medicine from a legally charter
ed medical school, without reference
to age or physical disability, who ta
not now In the service of tbe govern
f.,.1.11.? Provided Fer.
In addition to registering thousands
of doctors in a medical reaerve which
will be Immediately accessible for the
army, navy and Public Health Serv
ice, ample provision will be made for
civilian service, no matter how ur
gent the needs.
"One great need of definite orgaal
xatlon la in relation to civilian mtrv
i.-e." ?aid Dr. Martin, la outlining tne
general plan of Uta con*?? "Unie?*
sorna n-red plan fa ?Otrhtaei: boato peo
ple? may suffer and medicine itself
may be discredited."
This new plan register? all medic*!
men and women for all kind? of serv
ice and places them within reach of
tho?* who know the needs atad will
arrange for their supply,
Pn?U?n? Wllaea Ap**???*.
In a letter to Dr. Martin, approving
the r?organisation of the corp?. Presi
dent Wilson ?ays:
"I have received your letter of Au
gust 5, laying before roe the matured
plan for the reorganised Volunteer
Medical Service Corps, of which you
ask my approval. This work was un
dertaken by you under the authority
of tbe Council of National Defense;
it haa had great succ?s? in enrolling
members of '.he medical profession
throughout the country Into a volun
teer corp? available to supply tbe
need* of the army. navy, and Public
Health Service. In co-operation with
th* General Medical Board of the
Council ot National Defense, the
strong governing board of the re
organised corp* will be able to be of
increasing servios, and through it the
finely trained medical profe??ion of
the United States ts not only ?nade
ready for servine In connection with
the activities already mentioned, but
the Important work of the I'rovost
Marshal General's Office and th*! Red
Cross will be aided and the problem*
of the health of the civilian com
munities of the United States assured
"I am very happy to give my ap
proval to the plans which you harn
submitted, both because It gives me
an opportunity to express to you, and
through you to the medical profes?
sion. my deep appreciation of the
splendid service which the wnolc pro
fession has rendered to th? nation
with great enthusiasm from the be
ginning of the present emergency.
The health of the army and the
navy, the health of the country at
large. Is due to tho co-operation which
the public authorities have bad from
tho medical profession; the spiri*, of
sacrifice and service has been every
where ?--resent and the record of the
mobilisation of the many force*) of
this great republic will contain no
case of readier response or better
service'than that which the physicians
have rendered."
Member* of the corp? will be di
vlded Into three classe?:
1. Fit to fight men under ?0.
?. Reserves under tt.
?. Home forces over tt.
Reserves will consist of thos? who
may be called upon for the army,
navy. Public Health Service and ci
vilian service when necessity re
The home force? are thoae who are
able to do civilian service only.
The management of the corpa ls
vested in a central governing board
appointed by the Council of National
Defense and approved by the Presi
dent. State governing boards will
direct the affair? of the corps in th*
several States. The State boards
will be competed of member? of the
State committees, medical section.
Council of National Defense.
Xetable? Oa <_?steal --mai
Som? ot the most widely knowa
physicians la fh* country hold mem
bership ia. the Central Governing
Board. Among them ar? Surgeon
Gaa. Gorga?, of th? army; Surgeon
Gen. BraUted, of th? navy; Surgeon
Gen. Blu?, of th* Public Health
: Admiral Cary^T. Graysoa,
ink Billing?, of Chicago- Dr
laya, of Rochester. Minn. Pro-?
*r?h*J Gen. JE. H. Crowder ia
?.lav, a member.
?r? of the corp? will Wear
?*d insignia, showing that
?''?y i-aya placed their service* at
: :? '???ml of th? government.
li. S. ?WiaJWU fai IttJy.
August ?.?An American
? mission to Italy arrived
Jay, _,
Washington Girl
Appointed Private
h Marine Corpi
Permit us to Introduca to you
Privata Opha lt. Johnaon, U. A
M. C.
Thia Is a new on? In tha way
of military titles and th? honor
falls to m Waahington girl.
Yesterday afternoon Mal. T. H.
Low administered th? oath to
Miss Johnson at the United Stats?
Marine Corpa Headquarters.
Private Johnaon will be placed
In charge ot woman clerk? who
?ur? expected to be appointed to
the Marine Corp? Headc/iarters in
order that enlisted men can be re
leased for active service.
Private Johnaon resides at 17a.
Kllbourne atreet northwest. She
waa formerly employed In th? Civ
il Service Commiaslon.
Caution Needed to Avoid j
Disturbing Man Power
of Industries.
President Wilson and the Cabinet
were In conference yesterday for a
longer period than haa been taken
up at any similar meeting during
tha last several months. The en
tire official Whit? Hoase family at
tended. Including Secretary of the
Treasury William O. McAdoo, and
Secretary of State Robert Laiulng,
both of whom have been absent for
many weeka.
Secretary McAdoo. Just back from
aa extended tour of the country.
| whielt carried him ?va far Wast aa
the Facili?, ConaX la understood to
hav. reporta?! that the nation stand?
: noldly behind 'the President's ?-war
program. Me Is alto saM to hav? made
a number of important suggestions
, bearing on the relations of the naw
man- power bill, which will - Include
men of IS to ?IS years of age in the
draft, to tb? industrie? of the coun
No detail? are available but It
was definitely stated the President
and his adviser? agreed the new law
should and would be applied so as
to curtail In the least possible de
gree the productiveness of th? na
tion, or to disturb general business
conditions. This thought appeared
to be still uppermost In the mind of
Secretary of War* Baker at the con
clusion of the conference, when he
repeated the following announce- j
?? ateady Iadaatry.
"We have ?topped voluntary enlist
ment? la both the army and th? navy
pending a re-classification of the lrnn
power of the country under th? new
Mil for the ?ole parpo?? of steadying
industry. Without such a precaution
many men now engaged in vital work
who may never be called Into active
military service would have an Induce
ment to leave their placea. Every
body can better serve the country bv
retaining their positions until the call
Secretary Daniels read to ?he Cabi
net all official reports bearing on the
operations of the enemy submarine?
which have recently appeared again
on this aide ot the Atlanti?. The
consensus of the conference la aald to
have been that the German pirate ves
sels ahould be regarded a? leas of a
menace on thia side of the -joean than
on the other side aa long aa they
avoid the transport lanes. This offi
cial conclusion la understood to be
based on the fact that the American
coaat over which ?he submarines
must hunt their prey la ao much
more extensiv? than tb? European
COnTt.NUM) ON "??6? two. '.
? ?
Clause Revokes Exemption
When Essential In
dustry Stops.
Th? n?w man-power bill, aa amend
ed by th? Sanata Military Affair? Com
mlttee, ?fives to th? government a
powerful instrument for th? dis
couragement of strikes In war work
by the immediate application of the
work-or-flght principle.
Under the new act, with the age
limit? of 18 to if?, the great majority
of the efficient man power of tb? gov
ernment will coin? under military con
trol through registration. At present
the government ha? the power to re
voke exemptions and deferred classi
fication on account of essential war
work and call tha registrant to 'he
colors, but th? power has been used
sparingly and affects? but a few men
as compared with the number which
will be exempted for war work under
the new draft.
The amendment, which reads clearly
lato tbe law what la now largely con
trolled by regulations of the Provost
Marshal General's office, was propos- '
ed by Senator Reed, of Missouri, and
was adopted unanimously by the com- j
Tke Hew PrevlsUa.
The provision of the act, aa amend
ed, permit? exemption? as follows:
"Person? engaged In occupations
or employments found to be neces
sary to the maintenance of ?jjie mil
itary establishment or the effective
operation of tha military forces or
the maintenance of national Inter
est during tbe emergency: Provided.
That any person shall have been
placed In a deferred or exempted
claaa for aay of the reasons in this
paragraph set forth, he shall not be
entitled to remain therein uni??? he
shall In good faith coaUnu? while
physically able to do so. te work and
follow s?ch occupation, aduloy-ueat
or feusfnsas. aad if h? finito Bo ao.
shell again become subject *6 the
draft. Tbe President shall make
regulations for enforcing this pro
' There may ba a sharp discussion,
and possibly a spirited fight on this
amendment to the bill on the ground
that the War Department asked for
no such legislation. The fact, how
ever, that the War Department haa
virtually the power thus granted I
under the preaent draft law and I
regulations, and the Reed amend
ment simply puts It clearly hi the
law, will be urged tn favor of Its
adoption aa a necessary safeguard,
and members of the Military Affairs
Committee believe It will be adopt
ed as drawn along with the reat of !
the bill, both the War Department I
taxt and the committee amendments. !
The other amendments are as fel
"Th? wife of a soldier or a sailor
serving In th? preaent war shall not
be disqualified for any positon under
the government because she Is a mar
ried woman.
"Soldiers and sailors, regsrdless ot
age. shall, when they ara accepted
as volunteer?, or when they ?hall
have been drafted, be eligible to re
ceive commissions In either the army
or the navy.. They shall likewise be
eligible for admission to officers'
schools under such rules and regula
tions aa may be ?adopted for entrance
to such schools snd shall not be
barred from or discriminated against
on account of age.
Edaeattea PravMed Far.
"Any person under the age of ?1
who shall have been accepted aa a
volunteer or who shall hav? been
drafted and served tn the army or
navy shall be entitled at the conclu
sion of the preaent war to receive an
education at the expense of the
United Statea government at approved
institutions, and th? period of edu
cation shall be equivalent tn point of
time to the period by him served In
Gyroscopic Torpedo May
Have Sunk Sommerstad
Navy Experta Scout Radio Theory?Two
Submersibles Believed Off Coast?One
Reported Aa Destroyed.
New York. Aug. IS.?Tho Nor
wegian steamer Somcrstadt, op
erating tinder charter by the United
States; was sunk yesterday without
warning by a torpedo off Fir? Is
land, it wm reported today. Th*
vessel, which was of 3,8?: tons, waa
but forty miles from the entrance
to New Tork Harbor, near the ?pot
where the aun Diego waa aunk whoa
attacked and ?unk by a ?ubm?:rslbl?.
Capt. George Hansen and his
crew of thirty were unable to ear?
anything when they took to th?
boats, so rapidly did th? steamer
sink They were afloat tea hours
before beine rescued by a naval pa
trol ?hip. At tho Norwegian con
sulate Capt. Hansen said the tor
pedo flrst passed beneath his vea
?el then, a? if guided by aome un
seen force, etrcleoVaround th* bo?
and came aose on against it* port
i?i??i ?I???ae? Gyre?eep?.
Somerstadt, which was sunk by
a recurving torpedo as stated in
official reports has raised the ques
tion among officials her? ?s to
whether the Germans are not utiliz
ing the American invention of radio
Or wireless directed missiles of that
ThAracrer, _?e* "" '
Secretary Daniel? called in an ex
pert y??terday when the matter waa
being discussed. In the letter's
opinion, there was nothing very re
markable about the return of the
torpedo. He said that a torpedo
covMd be tired and given Just such a
direction as that reported by the
commander of the Someratadt by
the use of th? gyroacopc. He main
tained that it had been done sev
eral time? in the U. S. Navy aad
waa probably the manner in which
it was don? by the German sub
marine* He explained that oc*
cagionali}', when ? submarine is ly
ing in a certain way, if the tor-,
pedo were fired, it would take a
certain direction but that at tbe
point of departure there were well
known - mechanical mean? by which
It would go forward far a c?rtala
distance and tben rescurve as *n the
present case.
f>irele*?KDIreetlea Pea? i ble.
Both the" army and the navy have
investigated the directing of torpe
dee? by Wlrelea* from ?hoi e and claim
they, can be given direction by wire
less. One of th? invention* which
caused much attention some few -.ears
ago In thl? lin? wa? that of John
, a?' COOTIWM? ON VAQa TWO. j?>
U-0104 Believed Sunk Af
ter Attack off New
? ... York.
Men of Lightship Make Es
cape After Flashing
Strict Censorship Maintained; Sub
Reported Sunk from Other
New York, Aug. 13.?"The Fire
Island lightship waa shelled and
sunk by a German submarine thia
afternoon. The raider, U-0104 wat
pursued by American anti-subma
rine craft and either captured or
sunk, twenty-two miles south
southeast of the lightship's posi
lion less than two hours later."
The above report filtered through
the strict guard maintained along
the water front tonight. Official
confirmation was lacking, but the
report originated from a source
which was regarded as entitling it
to credence in the absence of defi
nite denial by naval authorities.
The twenty men comprising the
lightship's crew were preparing for
relief shortly after noon, accord
ing to the report, when a peri
scope was described off her quar
ter. Tbe U-0104 came quickly to
the surface and started shelling
the lightship?
- Talune time oaly. to flash sig
nals of the attack, ?aembers of the
crew and the relief, which had
just climbed aboard the lightship,
tumbled hastily into small boats
and made for the shore, all escap
Desth ???aba Vrappri.
A large flock of coast patrol vessels
hurried to the scene unater full head
of ?team. It ?raa aaid. upon receipt
of the lightship*? signal?, and the
submarine chase was on.
Depth bombs were dropped when
the government vessels had located
the undersea craft.
Reporta vary as to the consequences
of the explosiona which ensued, send
ing great spouts of water high in tha
air. accompanied by muffled rever
berations from the deep.
One report declared tbe U-aOi broke
surface so badly damaged that h?r
crew gladly accepted capture. An- j
other said the submersible was dc- ;
Men in the Federal service declined
to talk regardin-i -he 1 ?ports, content
ing themselves with saying, "Ask
Washington." Some, however, edded
significantly. "We cant talk, but its
the greatest news we've had."
Sab Reporte?! saak.
An Atlantia Port, Aug. IS.?A Ger- i
man submarine was sunk off the At
lentie Coast, according gto men on a j
British merchantman which arrived 1
here tonght. No details were divulged
beyond the claim that the U-boat en
gaged the merchant ahlp In battle and
was sent to the tottom.
Navy Announces Rescue?Survivors
Tell of Other Sinkings.
Survivors from seven of the fish
ing schooners sunk by a German
submarine off the Massachusetts
coast, have been .safely brought to
port the Navy Department an
nounced last night.
A total of i3 aurvlvora have been
landed since August I?, the date
of the ainklngs. the announcement
reported. The seven vessels whose
crewa were rescued were: the Lona
Star, the Reliance, the Progresa,
the Star Buck, the Earle L. Netty.
the Alida May and the Katie
Survivors of the Earle L. Netty
reported that in addition to the v?a
sele named above, th? ?ubmarine
on the same day sank the Sybil and
Cruiser, of Boston, and the Mary
Sennett, of Gloucester, Mass.
The statement follows, in part:
"The Navy Department Is Inform
ed that a schooner brought to
"Provincetown. Mass., this morning
th? master and five survivors of the
schooner Reliance, which was sunk
by a submarine August 10. Another
vessel brought into Boston member?
"of the crews of the Progress. Lena
May and Star Buck.
"A submarine chaser arrived at
Nantucket with ten survivors from
the fishing fleet?six from the
schooner Earle L. Netty and four
from tha schooner Alida May, which
wa? aunk at ? a. 111. August 10.
"Four survivors of the schooner
Katie Palmer were landed by a
schooner at New Bedford yesterday,
and thre? others were lsnded at
Nantucket last night."
John ?***-.? Maurer, hospital apprentice,
flrst class, U. 8. N.. was drowned on
August 11. at Minneapolis, Minn., tbe
Navy Department announced last
night Maurer'? home^waa at On
' taHo, Cal, y
Sea Fight
Rumored in
London, Aug. 13.?? largr-tcalc
naval action appears to have been
fought yesterday morning.
Nothing definite it known at
thii cabling, but Copenhagen ad
vices state that for two hour*
heavy cannonading went on in the
Skagerak and that a great num
ber of warship? were seen.
Later cannonading was heard
farther southward.
Army of U. S. Prove?
Mighty Instrument.
?Says Renter Cable
London, Aug. lt.?Referring to
the American first army. Reuter'?
military commentator aay* it is a
"mighty Instrument in in<-reaslng
the ?trength of the allies at a
moment when tbe German staff
has been forced to reduce his re
serre* ?o that now it has only
twenty divisions that were not en
gaged in the spring offensive."
Press Enthusiastic Over Pershing ?
New Command?Baker Explain;.
The entire French presa 1? en
thusiastic in Its comment oa the
formation of the flrst American
Army, says advices received at the
French embassy yesterday.
Ia the Petit Journal. Ialeut. CoL
Thomerson write?: ?The ev*at of
th? day is tha constitution of tha.
flrst Amerieaa army. ?? this has
only been po?sible thanks to the
good win of the American*, their
devotion to the common cause, and
their intelligence. All voice? ar?
unanimous In regard to them. All
of our general? who have American
units under their orders say that
no one could be more valiant than
their soldiers, and no one could
?how more ardor in theft work aad
more tact than their officer? '
Secretary of War Baker said ye*?
terday the War Department, a? yet.
had received BO official confirmation
of the formatioa of the flrst army.
Details, however, are expected to b*
given today by General March, chief
of staff, in his semi-weekly talk to
I the newspaper correspondents.
?secretary Baker said that al
though he did not know the manner
in which the first army was formed,
the general procedure would ?eem
to Indicate it consisted of three
army corps. Each corps, on paper,
should consist of six divisions, he
added, or eighteen divisions com
posing the flrst army. But he ex
plained that General Pershing. be
ing In complete control, could
"knock general procedure into a
cocked hat" and form the army in
whatever manner he deemed flt.
Berlin Reports Repulse
Of "k\\ Enemy Attacks."
Berlin, via Iaondon, Aug. 11.?The
repulse* of all enemy attack? be
tween the Ancre and the Aisne wa*
?reported by today's war office atate
ment. Twenty-nine airplane? were
shot down, the announcement says.
? summary follow?:
".Astride the Fourcaucourt-Villere
Bretanneux Road, and also astride
the Arolens-Roye Road enemy at
tack? were repulsed.
"French attack? between the Avre
and tbe Aline, especially la the
region of Tilleley. coflapaed.**
British Get 37 Hun
Planes, Lose 12.
Lrondon, Aqf? 1-?Thirty-seven
| German machlt.*?? wer? brought
down by the British ycatrrclay, the
war office announced tonltht. Forty
flvc* tons of bomba were dropped on
varioua German targets. Twelve
British machine?? are imasins.
Left Companion on Beach in After
noon?Clothes Unclaimed.
At midnight last night th* Harbor
? Police were ?till dragging for th*
? body of tt-year-old Valentine Hull a
I bellboy at the Metropolitan Clue,
! who went bathing at 2 o'clock >?*?
, terday afternoon with Neale Savoy.
another employee of the chfb, at Ute
! new bathing beach.
The police confidently b?lier?- ?hat
? Hull has been drowned, as his clothes
' wer* found tn a locker at the u*th
1 houae at " o'clock. Savoy left h:t
; companion lat? in the aftemoi.i sr.d
! reported for work at the club He
I was asked where Hull was. Neale ? e
! piled that he waa ?UU at the beach.
He waa told by )>is employers to go
after him and bring him back to work.
Savoy wont Back to the beach and
I could not find Hull. He discovered
? hi* clothe* la the kxker and reported
-the fact immediately to the Harbor
| Police, who started dragging for Ihe
body, believing that h* bad been
Hull cam* from t_"h?i.o.te?v.ll?: Va.,
a lew month* ago. He ha* a mother
living there who haa been dependent
upon hia earning*. His father is dead.
The police have notified the n?;h?r
tkat they mm*T??jhet ?oa ?Ix??*?**_. -
' - \ "?--? ?
Foch's Men ArJvaiKe l?
Within Five Miles
o? City.
Six Hundred Cannon .Thou??
sands of Machine Guns
Already Taken.
American Army. Fighting vwtt?
Canadian?. Clings Fast to
Outskirts of Bray.
Paris. Aug. 13.?TK* Frenc?
tonight are only me mil? south?
?west of Noyon, the great German
dual pivot upon which hinge? both
Von Hutier's Picirdy front and
the crown prince's front between
Noyon and Soissons. This is re
vealed by tonight's ?war office
communique, ?which states that the
French advanced to within a mile
and a half of Cambronne, which
bes six and a half mues southwest
of Noyon.
Plessier - des - Roye and Belva!
???ere captured by the French m ?
new advance between the Ma?z
and Pi *ivers. Progress wee
?est of Gury. Th?
i* - V strong but futile
V-attaa- ? 13.?The French
first 'rating ?with the
Brrtn ?ay, has lake?
26.00. including 800
officer: ed guns also
, have b . jd. as well aa
thousano ..daine guns, many
trench mortars and three trains.
These captures, macie since the
'allied Picardy offensive began on
: August 8, were officially an
nounced by Field Marshal Half
! in his night report.
There were raids on the Scarpe
i (Arras sector), northeast of
Robecq, and in the neighborhood
? of Vieux Berquin. the statement
? says. (Both places are on the
Flanders front.)
With the Americans on the Brit?
j i?h Front in Picardy. Aug. 13.?
? American troops, fighting side by
I side -with the Canadians on the left
; ?wing of the allied attacking front
in Picardy. are clinging fast to the
outskirts of Bray, one of the Ger
( man strong points on the north
| bank of the Somate. The Ger?
; mans have counter attacked re
j peatedly and \ iciously in the last
i twenty-four hours, but their fury
; was of no avail. The vain coun
I ter thrusts cost the enemy heavy
losses and failed to budge our
? lines. Ten guns, including seven
155-millimeter pieces and three
150-milltmeter calibers, were cap
j tured by our men, in addition to
| a neat bag of prisoners. Great
quantities of ammunition also hav?
fallen into our hands.
Laaalgar la f.eaep af rmrk.
London, Aug. 13.?Lassigm . tire
last obstacle in Ihe way o? a
French dash to Noyon, is in the
frasp of Gen. Humbert's French
hird Arm??. Practically the ?hole
of the powerful range of heights
; in front of the town is in Trench*
j hands. Lassigny lies fourteen
1 miles southeast of Montdidier,
eight miles south of Rove, seven
miles west of Novon.
With the fall of this town and tha
I remainder of tho ridire fronting it
i the sreat Picare*?, battle will auto?
?naticeli?.- spread to the Aisne At
ItAtt twenty-five allies of attacking
front?from th?? Oise to SoLson???? ill
be added to ?ht line of the drive:
the total length will then be seventy
For with the Lasslgny Heights and
town the Germans arili have lost
virtually all the terrain they ?rained
j weat of tbe Oise below Noyon In
' their drive on Compirmi??. To escape
disaster, all their forces on the east
j bank of the Oise below Neyoa mut
CO back. Indeed, .uch a German re
tirement was begun yesterday on a
'local acale.
1 But thi. ?lUnr that the Germai??
1 must relinquish their hold on tha
I whole lesion in the Neyoo-IUheotturi
| Soissons ansi. Such a reti rami nt
1 would briny the French far ta the
: north of the AJ.ne between Xee-on
and Solssoi? and present the Bravest
possible flanking menace ?io tho tn
tire German Aiaae?Vesle front. "**rer
ently Ihe attacking front woul<L*_
spread again. Kiclude another tiitrt? -
five miles?bataeen Soiaeuns and tl ?
eaal of Rinda?? and the great ?"-entarte
of the whole German battle ??%?*
would be under aasault.
Xext r?v Daya < mirai.
Thus the neit two er three term
aie sura to sea a*pe of tiro thing???
Aa eleventh hour rail.? hy tha Get?.
ill- ,??|G?^#&*

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