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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, August 16, 1918, Image 1

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NO. 4312.
_ tota _
2,000-000 "Flt-toFight'*
Men Needed at Once,
Says Gen. Crowder.
HENCE, 13,090,000 MORE
To Get Them the Age Limit
Must Be Extended to 18
and 45 Years.
Baker Praises England's Co-opera
tion in Taking Troops Overseas
as Great Help.
Class I, under the age limits
of the original selective service
act, will have been entirely ex
hausted by October I.
The War Department's man
power program requires that 2,
000,000 more men qualified for
full military service be made im
mediately available.
Serious interruption in the flow
of American troops to France?
with the consequent handicap to
the battle plans of the allied lead
ers?will result, unless th: now
nearly depleted reservoir of draft
eligibles is replenished at the ear
liest possible moment.
Approximately 13.000,000 men
must be added to the present list
of registrants in order that, with
all exemptions allowed, at least
?,???,??? fit-to-fight men will re
main in Class I.
This required number of men
snay be had only by including
within the draft age limits men
between 32 and 45 and between
18 and 20.
This was the situation outlined
by Provost Marshal General
Crowder last night.
Ta qaeatlwa lXjams*?.
"If the bill, as introduced, la passed."
?ay? the "Provost Marshal General, "It
?ill be necessary, between the date of
it? passage and October 1, to realster
a.id begin to classify by questionnaire
1 '.OOO.OOO men not heretofore included
in the draft ase limita; or approxi
mately one ?nd one-third as many man
as wer? registered on June 6. 1917.
And, when this has been done, draft
.alls upon tbe new C'Issa 1 must start
to All the places in the training camp?
of those men a*bing to France.
"Assurance bavin?; been given that
the legislation will receive Immediate
consideration upon tbe assembling of
the House and of the Senate, this of
fice, in its preliminary instructions
sent out to draft executives in the
various States, has proceeded on the
assumption that the new registration
might be held ear,ly In September. If.
for example, the bill la passed by Au
gust 31. or soon thereafter, it would
be necessary for the President's proc
lamation to fix a registration date as
soon as possible, allowing ample time
to be given for posting of hi? procla
mation In every region of the coun
Stay Register Befit. 5.
"Thus, registration day ir.ie.lit be a?
early as September .".. or shortly there
after. To have the first inrta'lroent of
the new Class 1 resdy for camp by Oc
tober. It would be necessary to have
the registration not later than Sep
tember 15. In any event, it ia obvious
that we cannot wait until the act is
passed before beginning the prelimi
nary work In this vsst undertaking."
The existing draft machinery ia to
be used, with such increased facilities
and additional registers as appear
likely to be required for the larger
enrollment. Local boards already
have been instructed to proceed with
tbe extension of their working forces.
Maker Cr?ait? Great Brltal?.
Secretary Baker emphasised the fact
yesterday tbat there will be no let
up In the accelerated program of the
War Department to get troops to
Kurope from the old draft and new
The War Department has no doubt
that the assistance of Great Britain
in the transportation of men will be
continuous and that Just as ?oon a?
any camp is emptied there will be
new draftees to go in. beginning soon
after October 1 to keep the creation
of the gigantic army needed abroard
aa uninterrupted military operation.
From the viewpoint? of General
Starch. General Crowder and the
Secretary of War, there will be
cloae to 5.000,000 .American com
batant troops on the firing lines of
all ths war front? by the end of
June. Iti*.
Secretary Baker, in the course of
an informal talk took occasion to
emphasis? th? invaluable co-opera
tion of Oreat Britain In the ship
ping of troops overseas Sir. Baker
?aid that the draft program and
th? plan? of th? War Department
were of auch a character that tbe
shipment of troop? la going on
h?avlly aad that because of the very
grsat assistane? of Great Britata In
plscing so mach ?hipping at th?
disposal of th? United States the ac
celerated program would be contin
The fact that a considerable pro
portion ef the troops seat to Europe
had a-osa in Engllgh ships had been
adverted to already by Bonar Law
in th? house of comino??. Sir.
Baker characterised the aid of
Great Britain in thl? matter as a
"??? pleca of International co-opera
tion." He had at one time enter
tained ?orne fear that the demand?
,?>n Great Britain'? ?hipping might
neve made her large co-operation
doubtful, but that fear and doubt
he ?aid had entirely disappeared,
Soviet? Claim TW Ai? \R**af fer
Aar Attack.
Atnaterdam, Aus. lS-aVst>acow la to
a atat? of defaaava, ?nd th? 8ovl?t?
"ara ready to meet any attack.'
A ?UciaraUon to thla effect w??
made to th? German government by
the Bolshevist "amltaaaatlor*'' at Ber
lin. If. Jolt?.
Thirty thousand workmen in Mos
cow declared In favor of a counter
revolution, at a monster meeting Bun
day. Berlin advice? state.
'Down on Your Knees," He
Says, Voices Ger
many's Soul.
Intimates Kaiser Is Ignor
ant of Anglo-Saxon
Bitter denunciation of Prussian
policy and it? pre?ent creed of bond
ase la made by Maxlmilan Harden '"
th? Zukunft of August 12. copies of
which the German censor apparently
allowed to reach the Swiss border.
The substance of Harden'?* com
ment was transmitted in diplomatic
dispatches received h?re yesterday.
! He chargea that th? "very ?oui of
modern Germany" can be summed up
In theae four words:
"Doirn on your knees!"
His article. In part, is as follows:
Fire of Slavic Ila? reel.
"At thi* moment when the Are of
Slavie hatred, coming from the four
corners of Russia, is developing Into
a single Immense flame, how can our
rulers think of finding supporters for
thrones and supplying candidates for
them. They have voted a political law
that 45 per cent of the Inhabitants of
! these countries reject arm will never
accept. Are our rulers desirous of
supporting the plans of the adversary
and to unite Into one single fire all th?
sparkling flames which are burning or
smoldering between Vladivostok and
Sebastopol and between Mourmansk*
and Fis mes?
"These are the fatal errors of Prus
sian policy. The old Prussian spirit
has conquered the German spirit, has
subdued It. has reduced it to slavery
and never haa Its domination been
mor? fatal than today. The bad taste
of modern Germany Is represented by
this Tentoni??, which htm tha whole
?f history ?gainst it. Its very soul is
dominated by this Idea of bondage,
which Is summed tip In four words:
'Down on your knees,' "
Attack? rraaaia? Lards.
Especially bitter Is Harden'? attack
on the Prussian House of I.oirl.t and
aa Prince Salmhorstmar. who declared
th? pr?sent war was nothing but the
conflict between the American concep
tion of the world and the German one.
Inasmuch as the Kaiser declared Hie
same thing, but substituted Anglo
Saxon for American. Harden'? com
ment may be said to apply to the
: Emperor. He accuses the prince of
| ignorance about "high politics of
; mora-is." and says:
"You think that the British and
{Americans are such as the con
; servative papers represent them.
I They have proved themselves to be
j very different on the Yser. at Arra?
1 and at Dormane. They have shed
! the best of their blood, ?pent hun
dred? of thousands without dreams
{of conquest, simply for their Ideals.
? Does tnis in any way correspond
( with the picture you have drawn of
; themr'
Although advices from abroad
I hav? lately painted gloomy pictures
'of Germany, and given signs of
, despair within the central powers.
ia semi-neutral view is given in ex
cerpts received yesterd?y from the
National Zeitung of Basle, Switzer
land. It says:
G?raa?B Plana Shattered.
"Germany can. only_ under the
most favorable hypothesis, postpone
for ?till a short time on the West
ern front a decision which will be
unpleasant to her. The submarine
has been a failure and has been the
means of bringing the United States
Into the war. Germany has lost
from an economical point of view.
She is condemned to die as a nation.
as she Is excluded from the league
of nations. Austria-Hungary has
exhausted herself. She can only try
at the last moment to save her ex
istence by transforming herself
In the east the plans of Ger
many are falling to pieces, and Bol
shevism is tottering. Turkey is a
prey to anger and despair, and the
?Tsar of Bulgari?!, who allied him
self with the central powers against
th? wlahes of his people, i? very
seriously ill at Mannheim.
"Among the Central Powers the
rat? of exchange Is being accen
tuated. Famine In necessary food
stuffs I? becoming more and more
terrible and no use of force can
any longer asaure salvation. Even
if the offensive of the entente could
? be arrested today, and Germany
could provoke a German offensive,
th? Inevitable issue would be per
haps retarded, but In no way modi
fied. Thn?, little by little, all neu
trals who are following events are
arrivine at the, ?ame conclusion.
1 The defeat of Germany and h?r
' vassals Is certain."
Film Star Married in Gre*n?Hcli,
Conn., to Engineer.
Greenwich. Conn., Aug. 15.?Misi
Marguerite Clark, the pretty fUm star
and ?uge favorite, wa? marrlid here
tod?y to First LleoC H. P. Williams,
of the Engineering Corps. Wsshingtoii.
They left In an automobile Imme
iliately aftor th? ceremony for New
"No wedding breakfast or honey
moon Juat now for u?." remarked th?.'
bridegroom, laughing. "W? both have
to asa back to work."
The bride I? th? daughter af Mrs.
Golden, of Cincinnati. I.leut. William*
Is the son of F. B. Williams, of New
Orleans. Prior to his enlistment he
waa connected with the ?. B. William?
.Lumber Company, ol Louisiana,
Kaiser Plans Return of
Monarchy to Use Against
Dr. Soskico, Russian Dem
ocrat, Gives Review of
Late Developments.
Miliukotf. Honest Patriot. Joins
Cern?an Perry. Despairing of the
Republic's Future Life.
By a Vntreraal Berrlee BtaSt O??
(Cosa-rlsM. ISIS, ttr ?nit-tttal Sertie*.!
London, Aug. 15. ? German
troops already are in Petrograd
in strong force.
Germany, fully aware that the
Bolshevist 'jig is up" is ready and
willing to act as the undertaker of
the "Reds" who handed Russia
over to her. With the power of
the Lcninc-Trotzky government
! decling daily, and thus being of no
further use to Berlin, the Kaiser
has set afoot a scheme for the re
establishment of the monarchy in
Oppose Democracy.
That monarchy the Kaiser propoees
to u?e Ju*t as he used Lenin? and
Trotsky. He will use it to oppose
Russian democracy and oppose the
allies who are coming through Siberia.
? new Eastern front, more to the
east than the picsent boundary of
Herman occupation. Is likely to be
established In the process of the new
German Eastern scheme.
These ?tartllng developments, show
ing thst Uermany I? not sleeping
while the allies are giving aid to the
Csecho-slovak? and the Ruasian
democrats, were revealed today by
Dr. David Soskico. an influential Rua
sian democrat, whose knowledge of
the precise conditions in Russia sur
passes that of almost any man out
aide his disrupted homelanC. Hewaa
Ute retswask ?f the. Brat Russian pro
visional government. As secretary to
Premier Kerensky, be aided greatly
In furthering d?mocratie principles in
? hi? strife-torn country.
Dr. Soskico 1? now the head of an
international corporation. He knows
Russia like ? doctor knows his pa
tient. He said:
"The downfall of the Bolshevlkl.. due
to the rising tide of the Russian So
| cialfsts snd Liberals, if not already
[ accomplished, is certainly an event
I which cannot be long delayed.
Bolshevik IrrrapoB.lhllity.
I "The German government has taken
j ri?te of the impossibility of Its Bol
| shevikl allies continuing In power.
, The removal of the German embassy
. from Moscow is a clear Indication that
Germany?probably on the advice of
j her new ambassador. Dr. Helfferlch?
j has resolved not to 'put any more
; money on the wrong horse.'
i "A new move Is being prepared by
: the German Imperialist? In Russia. In
! their usual methodical way the Ger
| mans have been preparing the ground
for their new policy in Russia for
' some time.
! "I learn from a reliable eye witness
! that In Petrograd a gre.it number of
' German soldier? and uffloora already
I have been concentrated.
Gerasaa? la Force.
"'Some put the number as hljh a?
I "On the Noveky Prospect one sees
j hardly anybody but soldiers In Ger
1 man uniforms and German officers.
! displaying their usual arrogant de
? "By agreement between Gernnny
? and Iettine, the repatriation of Ger
I man r.risoner? from Russia has been
j arranged via Pctrorrad.
"From the capital, these prisoners
I i-o through the Russian frontier 10
! Pakoff, which Is at present German
j headquarters.
! "Thus a pretext was easily found
j for concentrating German troopa In
"Simultaneously, confidential nego
! tiatlons were conducted between Ger
; man diplomats and representatives of
the Russian middle classes.
"Also such secret negotiation? were
carried on with the head of the Rus
sian church. Patriarch Tlcpen.
Aliarla?; Presalse?.
"By alluring promise?, ?uch as the
reunion of the Ukraine and Southern
Russia with great Russia, and of ac
cess to the Baltic and Black seas,
and, most of all, support to the restor
ation of the old regime, Germany laa?
suceeded In paving the way to a
projected alliance between a recon
structed Russian monarchy and the
"Tho middle and upper classes and
the monarchists, seduced by Germany,
are very feeble, indeed, and they can
not count upon the support of tba
masses to ?ny appreciable extent
"These elements are led by two
brothers, the Prince? Troubetskoy,
Gourko, Tretlakoff. and probably
Krlvoshotn. who was minister of
agriculture In the Csar'a govern
'These men have been lately
Joined by an honest patriot, but
i shortsighted politician. Professor
1 Paul Millukoff, who has been ths
I leader of th? constitutional party
; since its formation and who took
I part in the provisional government
in the first few weeks of the Rua
, sian republic'? existence as Minis
, ter of Foreign Affair?.
"No one will doubt the sincerity
of Miliukoft's intention?. Hi? latest
German orientation can be explain
I ed only' by the fact that ha has
lost faith In allied help to Russia.
I His conversion te Germany haa
I caused a rupture with hi? party and
practically amount? to hi? political
' suicide."
British Arme ?? Caspiaa Sta.
London. Aug. li?A British force
I ti'om Northwestern Persia has reached
the C'aspisn Sea and taken over a
veut of the defense? of Baku._
Central Powiri' Conference Said to
Have This End in View.
Paula, Aug. 13?Advice? reaching
bar? via 8wlUerland Indicata that on*
of tha chief purpose* of Uva central
power? contenne? at tha Germain
headquarter? In the field la tha dis
cussion of ways and aasans to
strengthen the war will of tha Teu
tonic peoni?? and their Eaatarn allies.
Report haa it that Um two Kalaera
propose to issue a proclamation to
their people? aaytng the war "must
continu? because tha allies will it so."
Tha plea wllf be mad? that England
refused the Kalaer'a peace offer and
the Germana will be called upon to
follow the ?zampi? set by Franca,
who, bleeding on the verge of defeat
for four year?, proudly fights on.
Refuse Alternatives of
Fines, Defying Powers
of Court.
Ladies Bring Suitcases
Ready to Stay in Old
Twenty-six of the suffraga demon
stranu of th? National Woman'?
Party, arrested at attempted nun
meetings In I^fayett? Park, opposite
the White House, were sentenced
yesterday to Jail. Seven others who
had been arrested ware released for
lack of identification.
Of those sentenced, setenteen are to
serve fifteen days, eight to serve ten
dsys. and on? woman five day?. Al
ternative? of fine? were offered, but
were rejected, the women contending
that payment would be confession of
Judge McMahon had the nsmi of
each defendant called by Clerk Joel
B. Eggleston, and asked them If they
wished to pay the fines imposed. All
of the answers breathed defiance to
the court's authority, ss these
samples will show: "I haven't any
fine! I refuse to recognise a man-mad?
court!" "Hardly!" "I do not!" "Never
In a thousand years!" "Not on your
?nollpen" < rowtlerl.
All had come prepared for a verdict
of conviction, and each carried a grip
or suitcase when ordered Into the
prison cage of the courtroom prepara
tory to their brief sojourn In the city
bastile. Tha "bullpen," as It te called.
eaa aecerfttmodate about a ?tesen
?flStHlel? under normal draft. When
driven under forced draft, ?s It wa?
yesterday, with its twenty-six new
prisoners and their luggage, with the
Inmate? already there, the cage re
sembled a Washington rooming-house
In wartime.
Directly after their conviction the.
suffragette? were taken to the Di?
trlct Jail and locked up. They will
be Imprisoned in the old workhouse
set In the valley behind the Jail,
which has been remodeled someWhst
for their reception.
Saate Kail ta Appear.
Fifteen of the original forty-eight
[ arrested in connection with the La
1 fayette Square episode of August 6
! failed to put in an appearance yes
' terday morning, and their collateral
! was declared forfeited. Seven other?
? could not be identified by the park
j police and the cases against them
?were dismissed.
When court convened In the morn
Postmaster General Burleson yester.
j day took .steps to put the telephone
? companies of the nation on a war
j basis. He directed them to:
Confine extensions and betterments
to imperative and unavoidable work
to meet war requirements and the
vital commercial needs of the country.
Proceed as expedltloualy as possible
with plans for the consolidation and
unification of telephone plants and
properties. Such plans, when formu
lated, shall first be submitted to gov
ernment authorities.
Mr. Burleson also directed that
where two companies operate In the
same community, Improvements should
be undertaken jointly, and ultimate
unification should be brought about
In an orderly manner, and with due
respect to the rights of the owners of
the properties and the convenience of
the public. In connection with the in
structions, Mr. Burleson said:
"This order is not Intended to direct
any action, course or policy which,
in the Judgment of th? owner? of any
property involved, will result In dam
age or Injury to their business or
property. In any case of contem
plated action hereunder, where in the
Judgment of the owners damage or
Injury may result, the company In
terested, before acting, will bring the
matter to the attention of the de
partment, and await further Instruc
New Committee? Named.
Th? following committees were
named yesterday by the Postmaster
Nathan C. Kingsbury, trice president,
American Telegraph and Telephone
Company, and George W. Robinson.
president. Tri-State Telegraph and
Telephone Company, to investigate
and report on possible consolidation?
Of phon? companies operating In th?
same communities.
Jamea I. Blakalee, Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General; James A. Edger
ton. agent, and Buskin McArdle. chief
clerk, Postoffl.ee Department, to study
the question of the purchase of sup
plies for the telegraph and telephone
Otto Praeger, Second Assistant Post
master Generai; George M. Sut to ?.
chief postoffice inspector, and Marvin
W. McLean, chief, division of dead
letter?, to Investigate and d?termine
whether It ?rtruld be practicable to
divida the country in telephone ri.d
telegraph district?, agreeing vrtth the
number of and territory of the railway
foewl ferric? and. Inspector?' djvjaton?.
New Bill Would Involve
This Number Effective
June 30 Next.
2300,000 EXPECTED
32-45 Age Should Yield
600,000; 18-20 Age
Need for Full American Force in
France to Strike Knock-out
Blow Is Realized
The favorable report prepared
on the new man-power bill Te
veals in part the secret testimony
before the Senate Military Affairs
Committee and the military aims
and needs of the United States
and the allies.
It has been stated that if the
bill, which extends the draft ages
to include all male persons of i8
to 4$ years old, becomes a law,
the 18 to 30 classes will be called
last This is the plan of the War
Department, but it is also the
plan to have the 2,398,845 effec
tives called into military service in
France by June 30, 1010, and of
this number it is estimated that
1,107,609 will be of the ages of 18
to 30, and that but 601,336 effec
tives of the ages of 33 to 45 will
be drawn for military service un
der the new draft.
nlwrepaary Kaplaiafarl.
This wide discrepancy is due to the
fact that the young men are free of
d?pendants snd are physically fit for
military service, while aroonr the
older men only ?r small percentaee
are free from d?pendante and physi
cally fit for active servlee.
Tbe new army to be raised under the
njs-n )-?tGG| bill, eetimated roundly at
i.3t?,W meta, will provide an A marl
can army of more than 4,000,000 men
on the front In Frsnce, and concern
lng the need of such an army. Gen.
(Peyton C. March, chief of staff, gave
the following testimony before the
I Senate Committee:
"It is up to us to win the war and
we can win It. How long it will
take will depend exactly upon what we
do. If we drag along with thia thing
and put a small force over there, we
will be playing Germany's game. It
is my belief that, with an American
army of 4,000,ono men In France under
one commander-ln-chief, we can go
through the German line wherever
we please."
"Then America has got to put
enough men over there to whip Ger
many?" asked Senator Kirby.
"That Is It in a nutshell," replied
Gen. March. "The authority which
was granted the President in thl?
hill gives him the power to call out
all classes, hut does not make it
Tells Object of Law.
Tn explaining tbe objects and need
of the legislation Gen. March said:
"The United States government ha?
heen asked by her allies to embark
! upon a program so large that It was
necessary very carefully to ascertain
whether we could go through with It
j or not. and one of the features of this
; enlarged program was providing men.
"The desire of the administration is
to establish limits, both maximum and
minimum, which will accomplish this
pros-ram and at the same time disor
ganise the Industries of the coifitry
as little as possible. The policy of
the War Department Is to put the
maximum number of men In France
with the Idea of shortening the war.
We found from the figures furnished
by the Provost Marshal General that
we could embark on a program of
eighty divisions in France by June SO,
1919, with eighteen divisons at home.
These divisions consist of roughly
40.000 men to a division. After pro
longed study of the available man
power of the United States, the Pro
vost Marshal General showed that it
was necessary to drop to 18 years
of age and go to 45 in order to get
the men to carry It through.
"All of the men obtained under the
proposed change In the draft law?ap
proximately 2,300,000? we expect to
hav-f in France by June 30. ISIS."
Better ta Use Young Men.
"As a matter of fact. Is It not your
opinion that it is better for the coun
try, better for the army, better for
the service, to call out these younger
classes?that Is, the men IS, IS and 20
year? of age?than It Is to call out
men 32 and up?'' asked Senator Reed.
"My opinion is unqualifiedly in fa
vor of the young man," replied Gen.
March. "The young men between IS
and 30 are usually not married-, they
have not settled down in life; they
have not any encumbrances, and they
are better off physically.
'The President baa Anally an
nounced that the American military
Announcement of Personnel Prob
able on President's Return.
President Wilson? return to the
White Houeeat the close of his week
end visit with Col, E. M. Heure at
Magnolia, Mass., is expected to be
followed Immediately by the an
nouncement of the personnel of the
economic mission to Russia.
It ia understood here that all ten
tative selections have been made but
that the President desires to go over
the list with Col. House, whose ad
vice he frequently' seeks on malten
requiring caution and conservatism.
ilt is said that Col. House would
have been asked to bead the mission
ss the President'? personal represen
tative it his health had been more ro
- biuta
Wendon District.
Zurich, via Paris. Aug. II.?Th?
Strssaburg Post report? that the
President of th? District of Wen
don, ia Livonia, Han von Boag
busch, baa been assassinated.
Harr von Songbusch Is of German
descent aad waa placed la charge
of affairs la Wendon by tbe Ger
mans. This makea th? fourth as
sassination of a German ruler la
Russia. /
Stolidly Hears Verdict that
Saves Her from Elec
tric Chair.
Mrs. Werres, Widow of
Man Who Was Killed,
Lends Dramatic Touch.
Stolidly. Mr?. Kathleen B?rge.??
accepted her freedom from the
hand? of the twelve men last night
> in the Alexandria County court
. houae before Whom ahe waa tried
for murder.
Scarcely ?tlrring in her seat. Mrs.
, Burgess sat steadily through her
; trial for the murder of John P.
Werres, Washington Jitney driver.
Not once was ?he seen to exam
ine the faces of the Jurors anxi
ously. She turned her bead neither
to the right or left.
There was not a perceptible
change In her demeanor, when tbe
verdict was read. Her attorney waa
i the first to reach out and grasp her
' hand. She rose and turned to leave
' the courtroom, when Judge Gool
| rie called toy her in a falherl
! voice:
Jadste'? <????el.
"Don't go out into the world
! again to live the old life. Go back
I to your aged father and mother.
! Ask their forgiveness for the ahame
| you have brought upon them, and
| be a good daughter, leading a good
: and virtuous Ufe. Don't think that.
I because you hsve been under th?
< shadow of red crime, you cannot
j live the pant down. Tou are young.
Just 17. Yotj are a healthy young
woman. ?Your future 1? not
destroyed. It will be what yon
make it-"
The young freed prisoner had no
words to utter. Tbe men of lbs Jury
rutrhecT ni to ber and ?hook her hand.
The foreman of the jury. Franklin
Stearn, earnestly besought her to turn
to a new life.
"If you cannot live a decent life
In the your home environment, leave
it." he said. He pleaded with her for
! quite an Interval, but whether his
j fatherly interest in her ?truck a re
; ?pensive chord, it wa? hard to deler
. mine. She smiled, and thst was all.
Spent Mght la Jail.
Kathleen Burgess ?i?ent last night
? in Jail, voluntarily. There waa no
other place for her to go.
Her mother and her two sisters at
tended the trial yesterday afternoon.
But when the court adjourned for an
hour at S o'clock they left, apparently
for their dinner, and did not return.
, Mrs. Burgess' relatives and ac
quaintances from her home town In
. Laurei. Md.. were not there when the
verdict was read.
Mrs. M erre? There.
j Mr?. John P. Werres was there.
Her appearance in the courtroom
, was startling. She wore heavy veils
' of black. Her color was actually
| livid. She stared ?.?rchingly over
the courtroom, aad, discoveiing
: Mr?. Burgess, pointed at her and
! asked: "Is that the wonwn?" She
1 shook violently as she took the
' oath. It was with the greatest
; difficulty that she answered que?
! lions and when she waa asked to
'. identify the hat her husband wore,
j she screamed, and, crushing It to
I her, kissed it. Other articles were
! identified by her and she was led,
j quivering, from the courtroom.
j The State rested Its case after
I offering but few witnesses. The
| defense offered none at all. Mrs.
j Burgess herself did not go on the
I witness stand and neither did her
Oaly Oae Verdict PoaalMe.
The Jury after receiving instruc
tions from Judge Goolrick asked
that the arguments of both sides
be dispensed with
in his Instructions, the, Judge said
that if th? jury believed that the
"d fendant did not strike the de
ceased, as alleged in the indictment,
and did not aid and abet in the
killing of the deceased, then they
must find the defendant not guilty
and they must acquit her."
Under such instructions the jury
had no other alternative but to set
the woman free.
27th Regulars in Vladivostok, to Be
Followed by Others.
The nrst of the United States
troops to land In Siberia, the Twenty
seventh Infantry of Regulars, were
announced yesterday by Secretary
Baker aa having debarked at Vladivo
This command Is to be followed
to Vladovoetok by another regiment
of regulars, according to th? plan
officially announced by Gen. March.
Chief of Staff. The whole force from
Manila, which will be leas than 10,0t?.
will be supplemented in due time by
troops from Camp Fremont, Cali
fornia, where ia located the Eighth
Division under command of MaJ. Gen.
W. S. Graves. Thia officer has been
selected by the War Department tc
have charge of the entire United
States military expeditionary force
to Siberia. ,
HUN LOSSES, 420,000.
French Writer Says 350.00C Dead,
70,000 Prisoners.
Paris. August IS.?Henri Bidoa
military critic, today ?aid that ?
conservative estimate of Germai
losses since July IS Is about IM.tMl
dead or wounded and Tt.BM prison
Hun "Retreat Specialist'' in Con
trol of Somme Front.
Paris. Aug. 15.?Gen. Haas von
Bochn, the German "retreat apeciatl
' 1st," haa been appointed to th? ?u
preme German command on the
Somme front.
The newspaper? believe that this
change In the German command la
highly significant. The German with
drawal north of Albert la looked upon
aa th? lint application of his tactics.
Ban on Shipments of Less
Than Carloads Fore
Blame Is Attached to Those
Responsible for Unload
ing Delay.
. A freight embargo threaten? Wash
ington if local merchants are not more
prompt In removing goods from
j freight cars and yards, according to
? E. T. Willcox, chairman of the cora
[ nuttee of freight traffic control, who
?poke at a special committee meeting
j of the Merchant? and Manufacturers
' Association yesterday.
I "Unies? the consignee? In Wuhing
: ton Immediately move the freight that
1 is at the local terminals, aa embargo
| svili be placed on all less-than-carload
freight." ?aid Mr. Willcox. The meet
in?; followed the receipt of a letter
from the committee of freight traffic
control, which read as follow?:
Ask. Aulalaaee.
"The Railroad Administration ask?
your assistance, through your organ
ization, in obtaining tha co-operatror
of all merchant? and receivers of
merchandise or freight at Washing
ton. Great difficulty te experienced
by railroads because of delay In re
moving freight from the depot? after
| unloading, which thus prevent? the
unloading of additional freicht, re
sulting In accumulation?, with the
final necessity of placing an embarco
against the acceptance of such freight
for Washington consignee?.
"The situation in Washington, be
cause )f the late opening of store?
i by merchants and other?, coupled
? with the early closing and the short
| day on Saturday, with frequent re
j fusais on that day to accept freight.
? te one of the controlling factors."'
I Charlea J. Columbus, ?ecretary of
i the aaaoctetion, is urging the impor
j tance of heeding this call on the
: members.
! A special meeting of the Merchants
1 and Manufacturers' Association will
be held September S, when it is hoped
that the situation will have been
cleared up.
( Survivors of Torpedoed Ship Are
Brought to Port
j Thirty-eight survivors of the British
steamship Pensatone, torpedoed st
j l?:li p. m. ?ticust 11. about ino mile?
: east of Nautucket by a German sub
i marine, have been rescued at sea. the
: Navy Department waa informed last
i night.
I Three boatloads of the crew ?ere
j towed into port at Cast? Cod. the De
I partment announce.?-, one boat contaln
! ing eighteen and another eleven hav
; Ing been picker! up by a coast guard
? vessel, a naval vessel picked up nine
other survivors this mottling. -
An added victim to the second G
? boat raid of the Atlantic coaet wa?
' announced by the Nat y Department
] yesterday In a ?tatement telling of
the sinking of the schooner Dorothy
! Barrett.
The officiel statement follow?:
"The Navy Department Is informed
that the schooner Dorothy Barrett,
bound to New York from Norfolk.
j.waa attacked by a submarine six and
i one-hslf miles off Northeast End
j Lightship near Cape May, N. J.. yes
terday afternoon. The crew nhandon
! ed the vessel as soon as the submarine
appeared and opened fire. The schoon
er took fire after the crew left.
"Seaplanes and submarine chaser?
wer? ?ent to the locality immediately.
The aviators reported that they saw
a wake of air bubblea near where the
schooner waa on fire. Bombs were
dropped. One exploded within
seventy-five feet of the bubbles. Fol
lowing th? plane attack, two submar
ine chasers dropped depth bombs over
the ?pot where the bubble? were ob
served. Mine sweepers are at ??Wat
in the vicinity. The .?even members
of the crew of the Dorothy Bsrrett
landeil safely at Cape May."
Peace Plans. If "Reasonable." Will
Be Accepted.
London. Aug. IS.?Germany will
not refuse 4VBy reasonable peace
proposals, according to Admiral to?
Hintse, German foreign ?ecretary.
say? a Reuter dispatch fron? Ams
terdam todiy.
Discussing the recent speecJ? of
Premier Lloyd George, the German
foreign secretary wa? farther quot
ed a? saying that "had th? allias
serious peace intentions, they could
have approached Germany through
cuthorlsed persons."
Pope Bltsssss U. S. tfc??
Rome. Aug. H.-Pope Betwtttct taday
received Mgr. Jama? N. Omftolly.
vicar aeneral of the American chap
lains, who remained wKh the pootrfl
I for twenty minute?. H? lacsrlvad th?
Papal bteaslag? for tb? chaplain? te
Attiche and Monolithe Cap
tared, Though Resis
tance Strong.
Take Parvillers and De
mery to Southwest of
North of Albert British Keep Con
tact with Enemy. Ackancrag
Southeast of Proyart.
Paris, Aug. 15.?Advancing
to the northwest of Ribecourt,
the French today captured At
tiche and Monolithe farms, des
pite desperate German resist
ance, the war office anntx*tK*sd
tonight Prisoners were takes
in this new advance. In a local
operation the French progress
ed on the wooded heights be
tween the Matz and Oise rivers,
the night communique states.
Ci?eia? Make Fresfc Gaisu.
London. Aug. 15. ? Canadian
troops on the British right ia
Picardy. southwest of Chaulnes,
made fresh progress today, cap
turing the villages of Damery and
Parvillers. Field Marshal Hai?'?
night bulletin states.
The British also advanced their
lises southeast of Proyart.
"North of Albert.'' says tbe
?tstement. "we are in contact weih
the enemy."
(On this front, half way be
tween Arras and Albert, the enemy
continues to retire slowly toward
An advance was registered by
j British troops in Flanders, south
1 east of Vieux Berquin.
The German artillery was active
; between Keramel and Ypres.
? Ute* G ?...It le. Lisa ?.
London. Au?;. II.?Latest advices
froto the Picardy front Indicata
I strongly that the German? will at?
! tempt to ?tand on their present lina.
j French possession of the ?hoi?
\ Lssslgny ridge, however, is almost
certain to compel a retirement behind
the Divette River.
The total allied casualties are lesa
than the number of German prisoner?
' taken In the drive, ?coordina to rw
| liable estimates. The German loeaee.
1 on the other hand, have been (reatar
than in ?ny previou? battle.
The ?ucees? of Focha offensi?-? la
said by military experts to be due.
fnrt. to the surprise element; aee
ondly. to the tank?. The latter per
mute.! allied economy In ths use of
I infantry, st the same time causing
1 fearful losses among; the Germane,
' especially in killed.
I?rsl S-laSatlagt Osais?.
London, Aug. 15.?The ere?t PicarOy
; battle, a week old today, ha? ?tra
' moled down teeapcirarity to local
rie-hting. The steady pressu.e of tbe
' Kiench on the west lor northi bank
j of the Oie.? began today to riake Sta
I effects felt upon the German front oa
? the river'? (e??t or ?outhi bank. The
? enemy, threatened In the flank, ha
; can to set out of Ourseamp wood, thf
l'olius pushing; up to ita southarB .
! edge.
j At the ?ame time the German retlr
I Ins: mo\ ement in the center of the
? Albert-Arras front continued, with
; the Biitlsk following tba foe closely
Meanwhile the German retreat
appear? to have aet In also la
Flanders, unofficial .dispatches re
porting; a Teuton withdrawal oa
the western lea; of von Arnim'?
| Haxebrouck wedge, along a nine
mile front to a depth of between
one and two mile?. There the Brit
ish are hard on th? German?' heel?.
A slight advance wa? register??!
by the British on the allies Picardy
right, east of Rainescourt (aorta of
Field Marshal Hair'? day report
atated the wee*,'? total of German
prisoner? ?t 1S.H4. She British hav
ing taken 21.14? aad th? French
Gen. Humbert Says They "Fight
with Ardor."
With the French Army in France.
Aug. 15.?Deepest admiration of
the Americaa troop? which hava
been fighting with the Brttiah and
French in the Picardy offensive was
expressed tudsy by Gen. Hasv
bert. commander of the Thlrt
French army, daring a talk to erar *
?erre? pondent?.
"The American? fight." ha
-with an ardor that le us
Ur-aj-aay Strikats IM.
Monte-rid??, Uruguay. Aug. IS.?Tw?
striker? wars killed and aevarai athara
wounded ta a clash yesterday hela MB
strikers ?nd troop? at the ? ?a Irei
sheds of UM Tramway Company The
riot resulted from a general etrthe.
Th? strikers att?sapHid to storm the
sheds after as a-iaousxement that aa
effort would he m?a? ta aperas? ?toa??
esf t?a ?su?.

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