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IN THE MO TOR WORLD TRUCK OWNERS NOW KEEPING COST SYSTEM They Find Great Economy as Compared with Horse Hauling. Without a doubt the time has ar rived when every truck owner ii keeping- a? accurate a cost system on the operation or his motor as he does on the operation of his business. Such a cost syst?p Is not nnly a patriotic duty, but tine that Is vitally necessary to determine a fair rate to the ahlpper. "Up to a short time ago. a pecu liar tendency on the part of motor truck owners which waa In direct contrast to the principles practicad in other departments of their busi ness was that or laxness in keeping accurate figure? on what their motor trucks was costing them," says s prominent manufacturer. Ta Determine EHrlenry. "It was natural that when a '?usines? concern was conatderlng replacing their horse-drawn equip ment with motor truck?, they first wanted to know how much It waa ? ?osting present truck owner? to haul and deliver their good*. Time after time we have not only sent letters with questionalres to truck ? awners. requesting information on Hie upkeep and cost of delivering their goods with motor trucks, but have made personal investigations, und outside of a very ?mall per tetage, these owers were not keep in* ?my record of their costa whatso ever. "Looking op the raaaon for this condition of affair?, it appaer? that In the early atagea ot the truck busi ness, tha cost of operation waa con sidered extremely Important, and practically ?vary arm that changed Its horse drawn equipment to motor trucks, carried oat a complet? and accurate record of expert??? la oa-der that they might determine whether truck? arare more efficient than their former equipment. , The?? record? of coat showed con clusively that there was no coroparl son between the two. The evidence w?s so overwhelmingly In favor of motor trucks, that the cost records were soon neglected and considered unnecessary. Keeping Coat Aeeaant?. "This same condition Is true In a great many Instant??? at the present time, where the change from horses to trucks Is made. An owner of a truck ?tarts out with the best ot In tention? to keep an accurate record of the coat of operating, but aa lo the past, he I? ao aorprlaed by the enor ) moua work hla truck accomplish?-?. In comparison with his former equip ment, that be tries to forget the in efficient manner In which his buslneis had been operated for ao many years. The owner only require? a short time for his figures to show that he ?can not afford to operate In the old way. "But today, owners realise that It la a bualnaa? essential to know to a I penny how much it ia costing to de | liver a load of goods or haul a ton of ' supplies. Consequently every Item In the operation and upkeep of his motor trucks is being as accurately kept as the operating cost? of any other de partment." 132,000 Baseball?. Ft>r althetlc recreation for our ?ol diers in France the Y. M. C. A. haa sent over lK.OOO baseballs. 21.000 bats. 1 ."am catchers' maaks. 2.500 mitts. 15. 000 fielder?' gloves, 21.000 indoor base bail?. Added to the?? are S.000 Rugby fot ball?, hundred? of ?eta of box | ing glove? and 21.009 ping-pong balla Do You Consider Service ? If so, then you will consider the ulton Truck Price, $1,620 Fulton Motors Co. 1136 Connecticut Avenue Franklin 7369. ?i While the Clock Ticks 30 Minutes After you have decided to purchase a AXON "SIX" The Practical Car You can jump in, put your foot on the accelerator and be off. Don't be unde cided on purchasing a Saxon "Six," for we can demonstrate to you its sturdiness, its dependability and its economy. In fact, it is a GOOD car. Henderson Motor Car Co. F. S. CARMOD Y, President. . 932 14th Street. Til e ? ?m? Fraak 5611 AUTOMATIC ARMY MAY WIN W.AR! - STEEL SOLDIERS ARE UNDEFEATABLE London, (by alali).?? Danish en gineer k?? taken out a patent for an apparatus he ha? constructed which he call? "The Automatic Soldier." It consists of a ateel cylinder within a larger cylinder, the whol? being aunk vertically into th? around. By means of a ?imple me chaniam mt in motion by wirelea? telegraphy, the Inner cylinder rises eighteen Inches above the ground. At th? same time an automatic rifle mounted on the'Inner cylinder fire? 4M ?hot? in any direction de aired. These "automatic soldier?" can be controlled from a position four or five mile? behind the line of de fer???. They can be seen by the enemy only when they rise from th? ground, and their Installation is a ?Imple operation. Trial? already made have prove* that a few hundreds of the?? me chanical soldier? can easily defend a position against all Infantry At tacks, however numerous the oppos ing force may be. Panic or disorder affect them not, and they blaze away without flinching. OF 1,798,000 AUTOS IN U. S. 1,365,000 COST -ABOUT $500 Hence, Argues Head of ?. ?. ?., Proposed Federal Tax Would Be Passed Along to Buyers of Cheap Cars. What (Inai form of taxing the motor car owner will be decided upon by Congre?? It Is not possible yet to predict. All revenue meas ures originate In the Houaa of Representative? and then go to the Senate, which may disagree radi cally with the House's interpreta tion of the situation. Then the measures passed by the two branches go to the conferees. President David Jameson of the American Automobile Association recently presented to the two com mute?? the case of the car owner In communications to Chairman Kitchen of the House Ways and Means Committee and to Chairman Simmon? of the Senate Finance Committee. Mr. Jameson com mented upon the fact that the mo torist now receive? extensive taxa tion attention from the several States, referred to th? certainty that any Impost on new cars would be passed along to the consumer, and contended that any charge on the original cost of used cars would be manifestly unjust. Mr. Jameson asserted that It would be as fair to tax, coal a? gasoline, since both are fuel producing quan tities. Several day? after the filing of Mr. Jameson's communication?, the House committee announced that It had decided to base the Federal tax on cars in use on a horsepower basis Instead of on the original cost. A copy of the letter which the A. A. A. head directed to the two committees of Congress which have taxation matters in charge fol low?: ???.krenann Far Ottn.r?. "A? the spokesmen In an organized form of the motor car owners of the country, we did not seek a hearing before your committee, aa we are of the opinion that the pr?tent com prehensive use of the automobile 1? entirely clear to all of you. There are a few pointa, however, which, briefly, we would like to bring to your attention. "Of l.TSe.eoo motor vehicle? pro duced in 1917. le?? than I per cent ?old at CS00 or upwards. Three out of every four car? coat not over ?.?0. These l.*?.0oo represented 7? per cent ot the total. Every other car asta? ot a certain popular make, selling close to ?600. Farmer? were the beat buyer? aa a clas?. abaorblng S3.1 per cent of the total vehicles man ufacturad. "Our investigation? recently by chairmen of the good road?, legisla tive and tooiing board? aupporta anew the contention that the pas?en ger automobile le now nine-tenth? for utility and scarcely one-tenth devoted to what haa been designated aa pleas ure riding. True It Is that vacation perioda may be spent In the form of Interstate road journeys, and there may be local evening and Sunday tripa, but the fact remains that a preponderating percentage of the ?-afa mlle?ge la employed by mem bers of the family to crowd more work Into one day than was ever tie fore possible. Aeeeat Wltheat Preteat. "If your committee decide? that there ?hould be ?ubstantial taxation of an eaaentlal like highway? trana portation?and all forms are consid ered?we shall accept without protest your finding?, beliearing that war rev enue necessities demand such action. "Railroad condition? have compelled an inereealng u?e of the highway?, to the extent that lone-distance trav eling I? more general than la pre vious year?. The figures come to us through the distribution of thou sands ot map? by the road bureaus at oar national headquarter? In Washington and New Tork. besides which we supply our several hun dred club? In all parta of the country. "One illuminating example of what can be dona where a highway la constructed capable of meeting pre? cot iMxlmujn ti-f-Be demagdj estate In a forty-mile stretch of Ohio road connecting Cleveland and Akron. A cenati? for a week, taken in March by student? of the Case School of Applied Science?, gave a total of IS,?!? vehicle?, of which only ?8S were hor?e-dr?wn. Fifteen per cent of the total were motor truck?, which car ried 5.014 ton? of freight, as compared to ?,?30 tons shipped by three rail roads. Thirty-three thousand people were transported In passenger auto mobiles. Bayers Weald Pay Tax. "Propoied levies upon nser? of g?s oline motors and engines would amount to about t2aO.0OO.OOO. Purchas ers of new cars, of course, would pay the tax Imposed on the dealer, who would 'pass It along* to the con sumer The gasoline tax would be determined by the car's mileage, which undoiiriiodly would be reduce?! to a minimum. ? Federal license tax In addition to that now imposed In all State? Is manifestly unfair, and especially so If based on the original price of the automobile. All these would be largely a tax on Industry, and it would seem unreasonably ex cessive on one branch of industrial ?sCtivlty, already taxed heavily by the States. "The proposed taxes will hamper the agencies of production, the fuel and the power they employ. We might as well tax coal as gasolene, which is doing more than any other agency to relieve the conditions re sultant upon the scarcity of coal. It is estimated that the power generatori by gasoline exceeds that generated by coal and ?team nearly ten to one; the horsepower produced by steam being estimated at about 11.000,000 and that by gasoline at over 100,000,000. Serial gysteas ?? Trial. "In these days when our social sys tem is on trial, one of the chief con cerns of the Congress should be the safeguarding and the promotion of the sources of national wealth, this to the end that we may endure the greater and prolonged strain to which the war will subject us. In dustry is the greatest source ot na tional wealth. Is it good economics to tax this greatest source of power known to American Industry? When we tax fuel, we tax Industrial life at the very source of Its vitality. "In conduelen, might we again rail notice to the present exoeaaive taxing of motor cara in practically all States, which In some instances In cludes registration of car, its listing in the personal property tax, and the necessity of paying for an operating EXPORT DIRECTOR m ty cmttiHST. A HBHBT B. VAN SIXDERKTf. Henry B. Van Sinderen, of New York, formerly associated with th? Afnerican Trading Co.. haa been ap pointed director of the bureau of export? of th? War Trad? Board. ?O?gassiz_ta*? " J ???'"? -* To overcome them they must be destroyed on? by one, which can ba accomplished only by a direct hit from a ?hell, and as they are con trolled by wireless there is no mean* of demobilising them. Danish military experts who have examined the invention declare it would be feasible to line up the au tomatic soldier? in the sectors most exposed to attack, human soldiers being held in reserve in the mor? easily defended positions. An army operated on these line?, they say, could win all the battles It fought. license for each member of the family who drives the vehicle. Surely It is even now a plenteously taxed neces sity. 'Furthermore, the motor car owner Is a clttxen and as such meet? other civic obligation? and pays whatever general taxe? are imposed. He. how ever, senses unfairness in being .-on spicuously singled out eve'y ?ime there comes need for revenue In creases.'* SOME "UVE WIRES" QUIT JOBS TOO OFTEN Cure o? Habit?Attack Your Work ? Freshly Every Week. One of the things which militates most strongly against the permanent success of most men In nearly every division of the automobile industry Is their proneness to quit their jobs at the slightest opportunity, or with no j opportunity at all?but there is a sure cure. The chap who Is always changing jobs generally isn't one of these "tired" fellows?he is. In most cases, a live man with plenty of ability? sometimes super-ability. He breaks into a new job and his active mind has soon exhausted all Its evident pos sibilities?the things the other occu pant of that position had overlooked. He works out these possibilities and then takes It for granted there are no other veins that lead to pay dirt. Perhaps it ia because the automo tive business la such a young. Uve, active business that It has a super abundance of these live wires who are always quitting their jobs and getting other positions "Just as good"?but seldom better. If this sort of man, who is altogether too numerous, doesn't learn wisdom before too late, he will do a deal of permanent harm to himself and to the automotive in- I dtistry. There is a cure. Here It is: Look at your job once a week as if ; it were en entirely new work. To do this is, at first, difficult, but after a few successful attempts, as suming the fresh viewpoint comes with constantly greater ease. Once a week the man afflicted with worker's ennui should start Into his work as If it were an entirely new op portunity which he had long coveted. He should rearrange his desk?hie of fice furniture. He should get a new slant on thlnga. His job will then bo always new to him?-he'll be so busy improving the methods he used the week before that he won't have a chance to take his job for granted? he'll be too busy to think of anything else. AUTO NOTES. War, the most rutniess agent of destruction known, has the power to Inflate the value of certain com modities far above normal. The red god of battle works band in hand with the inexorable law of supply and demand. He creates nothing, while usine; and wasting much. There 1? tb? used automobile, for example. It waa only a year or so ago that such a car was rated as a liability by the dealer, who re garded his second-hand sales as one of his most vexing problem?, since the demand for used cars fell far short of the enormous supply. At the present time, however, the used car is not a thing to be de spised. It has a greater value than ever before in the history of the In dustry, due to the fact that the cur tailed production of ijew cars in wartime does not meet the normal demand. Thousands of purchasers, unable to buy new automobiles, now are driving the once scoffed at castoffs. It does not require a seer or hi? ball of crystal to forecast the auto mobile market of 1120 and 1921 ?hould th? war be prolonged for two or more years. There Is a possibility that future conditions in thla country will be comparable with present condition? in England where th? automobile?, built in 1911, are commanding al most as high a price to-day as when they were new. England ba? mad? no car? for civilian use for more than three year?,' the automobil? factories having been converted into munition pianta or taken over by the government for the manu facture of aeroplane? and aviation motor?. The Agent? Auto Co., formerly at lit rourtatytth ?trett, wUivb bull?. Ing 1? now being torn down by the government, have taken over the lease of the Wandeyne Co., at 1226 Connecticut avenue, and in addition to their usual Una of used cara, will be Washington distributor? for the Daniel? ear. The automobile editor appreciate? the regular receipt of Automobile Topics, the trade authority; tbe Mo torist, Maryland'? Good Road? Mea senger, and the Cooperative Tractor catalog. I. H. W. Mackle, Gen. Sale? Mgr. Saxon Motor Car Corp?haa been Mr. F. 8. Carmodya guest the past week. Mr. Mackle la an interesting talker and has some decided views on th? automobile situation. A.A.A.GIVES LABOR DAY RIGHTS FOR TRACK Allows Speeding Association Use of Benning's for Race?. The Amerlesn Automobile Associa tion grants to the National Motor Speedway Association a sanction to hold their Labor Day races at Ben nlng track. Entries are coming In in rapid order and should number at least fifteen when the flag drops for the ?tartlng of the races. Among the latest en tries Is Capt. John A. Cervenka, V. S. N. A , and his ninety-horsepower Stuti. This car is well - known to all the motordromes ia thia country. A few years ago it was one of the contenders at the Indianapolis track, pushing the winner for first place and finishing in the money. Another well known entry la the Biddle car. driven by Guy Morton, a racing driver of fame. This car is owned by the Biddle Car Company, of Philadelphia. They have been some months building this special job, which contains a Duesenberg mo tor, and the owners expect to carry away flrst honora with it. Every effort Is being made by the track officials to have the course In the best possible condition, hoping that the track record may be broken. Special motorcycle events will more than prove Interesting to the spec tator?, as there 1? a great deal of rivalry, due to the defeat of Willie Denhara on Saturday before laat. There are several cycle speed kinrs from the different factoriea in the city at present and all of them have signified their intention of en tering, and quite a battle ia expected in the free-for-all cup race. Speakiu?, of Animal?. When the much-abused Malvolle was tortured be was asked by the disguised clown what he thought of "the opinion of Pythagoraa" that the souls of men and "wild fowl" were Interchangeable. Malvolio answered: "I think nobly of the soul .and In no way approve hia opinion." A correct and noble answer, for the doctrine of transmigration contradi? t? our knowl edge of man's infinite superiority. When deep thinkers say otherwise, it Is mere mood, a? in Whitman: I think I could turn and liv? with the animals, they are so placid and ?elf-contained. I stand and look at them long and long. Th?"y do not sweat and whine about their condi tion: they do not lie awake In the dark and weep for their sins: they do not make me sick discussili?; their duty to God. Not one Is dissatisfied: not one la demented with the mania of owing things-, not one kneels to another, nor to hla kind that lived thousands of years aso; not one Is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth. Humor is that, refreshing In Its vigor; but. if taken seriously. It Is a groas fallacy. Animals probably live a mental life like that of man before he is born, or when he Is on the verge of waking from sleep. And man. however ignorant and propine. In the little time since he shot off from hi? arboreal ancestor?, haa mastered one miracle after another, from fire to the aeroplane; and the miracle that lies ahead will not tie inferior to those of the glorious past.?Norman Hap good in Leslie's, Uniinkable Life Raft Numerous desirable features have been combined in a new type of life raft, shown in the Popular Mechanics Magazine, that makes it distinctive ?moni; the many inventions of thia character. The raft Is of dual con struction, the underside being a dup licate of the upper side so that, no matter which way It Is thrown Into the water, a "right side" floats up permost. Above and below a central framework of heavy timbers, that makes it practically unstnkable. Is a low wall encircling seats for eight or more. Water which washes over the side flows oft* through drain? termina ting in valves that permit an outward flow only. In the center of the raft are two large metal cylinders, one In the upper side and one In the lower side, placed end to end, the adjacent end.? being open and the opposite ends closed. The cylinder In the underside rapidly fills with water when the raft I? afloat, acting as ballast, while the opposite one remains filled with air though partly immersed, and help? keep the craft upright. Oars are pro vided and there Is storage space for po t-islons. ON WAY TO PARIS AS BOLIVIA'S ENVOY GBK*. ISMAEL MOKTBa*. Gen. Ismael Montea, former Presi dent of the Republic of Bolivie, ha? just arrived In the United State? and after a brief ?ojourn will continu? hia journy to Parli to enter upon his duties aa envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Bolivia to France. Gen. Montea haa been President of Bolivia two term?, flrst from 1?04 to IMI and ?gain from 1UI to 1??, MOTOR 'HIKE' 2,100 HILES FROM AKRON Fifty Boy Scouts Taken to Boston as Goodyear Guests. A motor "hike" of 2.100 miles, the flrst of it? kind ever attempt??! in America, has lut been completed by a party of fifty ?elected Arkon. Ohio, boy scout? with their officer?, through the generosity of P. W. Litchfleld. president of the Arkon Council of Boy ( Scout? of America, and vice president of the Ooodyeex Tire * Rubber Com pany of that city. For several year? it ha? been his custom to provide a rammer outing for the scouts, usually in a camp, but this year the jaunt took th? form of an extended tour through the Eaat. following tbe Lincoln Highway to New York, then the old Boston Post Rotsd from New Tork lo Boston through New H?ven, Hertford. Springfield and Worchester. returning through Providence, New London, New Tork. Philadelphia, Baltimore. Washington, ?Gettysburg and Pitts burg. Two full ?seeks were covered In making the trip. Fiase of the big truck? of the Good year Tire A Rubber Company'? Akron-Boston express line, whicb operate constantly between Akron and Boston, carrying rubber product?, were used to transport the party. Three of these, with special seating ?nd bunking arrangement?, hauled tbe scouts, while the fourth took care of the baggage and camp equipment. ?nd a fifth, ?quipp?d with a military field kitchen, Mrved a? a rnimlassrr truck. The !??mu miylng trucks war? fitted with side seau, which at nlgljt could be folded, permitting the entire floor ?pare of the truck to be used ?? a sleeping compartment Ms til ?a ses were placad on the floor and com fortable sleeping quarters ?rrangcd An upper row of bunk? w?? provided by stretching a canvas aheet half way between the floor and the top of the truck. The three truck? fuml?b??l sleeping ?ocommodalion? for the en tire party of scout? and officer?. In addition to furnishing a loer for the Scout?, th? expedition bad for Ita objecta the atlmulatlon Of iatereat in Boy Scout work anal th? demonstration to the government of the possibilities of ir?n?portlng troop? from the Interior of the country to the ???ro??t. by motor truck, in times of emergency. Tfi? tracks wer? operated continuously. ?lay and night, stop? being made only for gaa ?nd oil. and for ??la Just before meal tim? th? conmll sarv truck, which wa? capable of greater ?peed than th? other?, moved ahead of the caravan, ?.elect ed ?? eating place and had the maal ready for the party by the tlm? the other trucks arrived. The party alept on the track? while they rolled at night, appar ently a? comfortably aa in ? Pullman New Tork. til mile? distant, waa reached in forty-seven hour?, and Boston. Tifi miles from Akron, in sixty-one hour?, th? rat? 6f ?peed for the total ?lapsed time being thirteen mile? an hour?twice th? average apeot that oar army truck? aro making in the overland de ltverle?. On tb? return trip stop? mora mede in New Tork. Philadelphia ?nd Washington for ?ightseelng 1*he climax of the trip cam? at Washington, where the entire party wss officially received by president Wltaon at the White House "I wish I could take a day off and go with you," were hi? parting word?, ?iter he had ?hake? han?!? with each one of the party. ?teres; NEW CLE AIT FRESH ?tTOCI? STANDARD MAKES ??PECI ??. LOTH" WORLD'S GREATEST CUT RATE TIRE CONCERN run 18xl. t?.io Beeren Guaranteed ?nd "<ioo?l]r?*r"? >?p?aC??l TUtt?. 8.50 12.40 14.S5 11.05 1S.40 10x3 30x3*4. 32x3*,. 11x4... 12x4... 53x4. 20.2S 14x4. 20.70 I?x4. 23.10 32x4 l?... 2? 20 14x4**... ??.55 35x4 >?.. Sfili'?,. . 17x44.. Kaf 27.70 28. 15 30.55 11. ?5 I7xS. 33.50 Price list a? of August 1 Other eise? at proportionate refunded on good? returned N.anrtil 111.40 11.Mil 15.50 1850 23.80 24.2S 25.30 25.S0 28 ?? 32.75 33.20 34 ?5 ?J.?0 .18.20 S?.55 41 SO 8p, U< Til tar? finti. 12.10 2.30 2 55 2.75 3.50 3. in 3.75 1.85 4.00 4.3? 4 45 4.50 4 > l' -, mi 5.35 5.1.0 . 1*18. price? intact eubject to change without notice. Good? ?hipped C. O. D. Money within a month. 31x4 Non-Skid STANDARD MAKE $21.70 automobile Z5ir* C ED C. GRjrFITII. rrealdeaC 902 14th St N. W., W-utagtoD, D. C. "?G? WAR SAVIKGR ?TAMPt?.? I O._ Inc. Miai? 4472 Don't Sacrifice Your Used Car Have It ?Equipped With An ANCHOR TOP (Glase Inclosed) Change Your Open dar Into a Fine Closed Model We Manufacture Tops for? BUCK, OLDSMOBLLE, OVER1JVND, DODGE, OAKLAND. I AND i FORD. - FEDERAL AUTO SUPPLY CO. 477 Pennsylvania Avenue J. WELLS, Manner. MA? 3445.