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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, August 21, 1918, Image 1

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NO. 4317.
Committee Favors Amend
ment Reserving Ages 18
and 19 Till Last.
anti-strike rule out
Dropped by Committee, Op
posed by Baker, Pro
tested by Labor.
The House Military Afflairs Com
mittee decided yesterday that the l?ys
of II and IS should be spared from
the draft untU after all those in the
older classes have been called Into
service. The commltee adopted ?r
the vote of nine to seven
ment to the man power bill prohibit
big the War Department
any of the registrants under ? years
of age until every available man above
that are h?f been taken.
This bill in this form and with one
or two other minor amendmenU will
Z reported to the Hou~ by ?h? com
mittee today. Chairman Dent has ar
ranges with Speaker Clark to take up
'he bill Thursday mo?l"? ""rt.v The
oects u> have it passed that day. Tne
Senate also will begin conslderat on^of
the measure on Thursday, but * ?
Dent believes he will b* *hlet?s**a,e
through the House before the Senate
acts upon it.
Will ?? ftsgkl Floor.
There is every indication of a bitter
?ght in the House over the com
jnittees amendment. d
and General Crowder have expreMtl
themselves vigorously in oppos't.on to
any restrictions on the authority o
the War Department to call
men in such or*er as may be d?med
beat for the service. Secretary
while before the ^"^w
?aid that such a provSton In thajaw
might not be objectionable If
not too rigid. . ^
The amendment was put in at the
?urr? * of Repreientative Mc
Ke"s?enT Illinois. Chairman Dent
was one' of those who fsvored ;
Rut Representative Kahn. of Call
forn* the ranking Republican on
the committee, stands with the
War Department in its opporitlon to
? nv oroviaions in the law wnicn
might hamper its administration.
He is expected to lead >he opposl
tlon to the amendment In the
House M" as he led the light for
the draft bill against Chairman
Dent and the others of the com
^"t'ee who fought for the volun
teer system.
Text of Amendment.
Following is the text of the Mc
Kenxie amendment:
Provided, that registrants of the
,,, of 1? years and not over .0
>*ars shall be designated as the 1?
Has, and shall be drafted subse
liiTent to the registrants over 20
?ears of age: and registrants of
the age of 18 years and not over
It yeara shall be designated the
1, cla? and shall be last called Into
service: those registrants above the
fee of :? years -hall be called prior
7? those In the claases hereby
?rThe purpose of the amendment.
..explained by Mr. McKenxie is
to prevent the boys of 18 and 19
from going out of the country un
l??it Is absolutely necessary.
Mr. McKenxie Is Pre*,"'nR *n"
other amendment to the bill which
w,n be acted upon today. It will
provide for the revocation of all
exemptions heretofore granted and
?" reclassification of every reg
istrant. including those already
registered. Mr. McKenxie believes
thf. w'Il have the effect of throw
ing into the ranks thousands o.
flickers" who have been able to
secure favors from the local boards
to which they were not entitled.
Woald Give B?ys Coawtlealoaa.
An amendment offered by Chair
man Dent to enable boys of -1
.ears and under to receive com
missions was adopted by the com
mittee Regulations of the depart
ment now in force would deny
them the right to receive eommls
"Tlfe committee rejected the antl
?t-ike amendment which the Sen
,te committee adopted at the^ sug
gestion of Senator Thomas, of Col
orado. The Housa bUl will be re
sorted without any provision to
J^end the "work-or-rtght" order
beyond the limits prescribed by the
lepartment's regulations.
Secretary Baker has expressed
himself as of the opinion that the
? nti'strlke amendment Is not nec
,,,ary. He made this statement
L-terbay In his Interview with the
newspapermen on the object of
>he work-or-flght order:
??Cen. Crowder pointed out that the
provision in the Senata bill Is sub
itantially what the department is
". doing and what thera is now
iiwer to do. so that the provision In
.erted by the Senate amendment la
limply making a legislative declara
tion of a policy already In effect.
?alt Work Vomt Exemption.
??A man who gets an Industrial ex
?mption by reason of his being win
dispensable operative In an Indis
pensable industry ceases to have that
?xemption as soon as he ceases to be
.n operative in that industry. The
wards have never applied that In the
-axe of bona tide disputes between
abor as an aggregate and the em
,layers as an aggregate, but they have
iHiays prevented a man taking refuge
behind an Induatrlal exemption and
ihen discontinuing the . work for
which ho received the exemption, so
the apparent purpose of the Senate
r me ml ment Is already In operation.
An earnest rrotest against the anU
OO.NTlAbW) OS Mu6X ,,
Austrian Press Glum;
Blames Tanks and Fog
For Success of Allies
The Auatro-Hungarian prcas
la beginning to express real
concern at the failure of the
Germans to stop the allied ad
vances in the ? Picardy region,
says an official dispatch from
France. '
It attributes the initial vic
tory of the Franco-British
forces to fog and tanks, but
it goes so far as to hint at
the insufficiency of the Ger
man defensive system. The
Neue Freie Presse declares
that the combination of a "fog
and tanks make it very diffi
cult to prevent initial success
by the enemy." The Zeitun^.
after commenting on the first
successes of the allied armies.
remarks gloomily that the al
lies "have the industrial de
velopments of three countriss j
at their disposal, as well as
the raw products of the wholo
world, and may yet be able
to speed up the construction [
? ?f tanks en masse."
Bride Is Daughter of Novel i
Writer, Veteran of
Civil War.
New York, Aug. 20.?Enrico Caruso, J
the noted Metropolitan Opera Com-1
pany tenor, was married tonight.
The bride was Miss Dorothy Park
Benjamin, daughter of Park Ben
min, of 270 West Seventy-third street,
patent lawyer and naval and elec
trical expert.
The ceremony was performed at the
Marble Collegiate Church by the Rev.
Oliver Paul Barnhill. Bruno Zirato.
Signor Caruso s personal secretary,
acted as best man. and Mrs. John
S. Keith as matron of honor. Fol
lowing the ceremony there was a
dinner and reception at the Hotel
Miss Benjamin made her debut into
society about four years ago. aftei
completing her education at the Sa
cred Heart Convent. Her father,
who served as a naval officer in the
civil war under Farragut. has writ
ten much upon naval affairs. She
has a brother. Sergt. Roraeyn Park
Benjamin, now in France with the j
?American Expeditionary Force, who
has been wounded three times.
Caraso'i Career.
Enrico Caruso, easily the world's
first operatic tenor, began life as j
a singer at lo pence a week in a
? church when he was a small boy. !
When he was 12 his father first I
chastised him for some Infraction of
school rules, then apprenticed him
to a mechanical engineer.
AV hen his mother died, three years
later, the turning point came for
him. He announced his Intention of
following his bent, and was told by
hia father, "Be a mechanic or
He became a wanderer, his only
weapons against a cold world being
hia voice and a wonderful physique, j
Hia nearest approach to discourage- !
roent was when Vergine. the famous
teacher, told him hia voice waa too I
weak ever to be of real value. '
Soldier for a Tear. ]
Caruao's studies were interrupted by I
enforced military 'service for Italy.
After a year a major heard him sing
ing as he sat polishing buttons and
arranged for his release, his brother
taking hia place.
Hia debut in opera was made at the
age of 22 In the Teatro Nuovo, at
Naples. In November, 1898, he appear
ed aa Marcello in Boheme" at the '
Teatro IJroco, in Milan. That was a
tremendous hit, and thenceforth his
career was but a succession of tri- ,
Caruso waa born in Milan 45 years ,
ago. his parents being Marcelllno and
Anna Baldino Caruso. He has made
a large fortune by his singing and
owns four villas in Tuscany, where he
haa spent much time with hia son.
Toto. But America, which he claims
aa hia residence, holds chief place in
his a.Teclions. j
Caruso was divorced about two
years ago.
General and Special Military Serv
ice Men to Be Moved.
According* to preaerrt indications
heavy calla will be made upon the
aelectlve service men of the Dis
trict for the month of September.
It was announced yesterday that
aix hundred men will entrain from
the Diatrict to nearby camps in the
period between September 3 and 6. .
One call ia for 500 men who will be
aent to Camp Lee. Peteraburg, Va. for
general military service. The other is
for men who are qualified only for
special military service. The later
will be aent to Camp Humphreya as
one detachment. They will be choaen
by the local draft boards with a view
to their qualifications aa clerks.
Five hundred colored regiatranta of
the Diatrict who Have qualified for
aervice will be sent to Camp Lee on
Friday and Saturday. It i3 probable
that these men will be divided into
two detachments, one of which will
entrain on Friday and the other on
Another call has been made on Lhe
lift of limited service men. it is for
fifteen stenographers who will be at
tacbad lo wtl) Aerg Samdron.
Says Nation s Purchasing
Powers Play Favorites;
Col. Gunby Testifies.
Includes Council of Nation
al Defense in Sensa
tional Charges.
Senator McKellar, seemingly on his
own responsibility, made , a charge
of favoritism on the part of the
Efersrency Construction Committee of
the War Industries Board and the
Council of National Defense, at a
hearing before him yesterday. iu(
chairman of a subcommittee of the
Committee on Military Affairs
,.Co1- W A- Starrett Is chairman of
the bmorgency Constductlon Comihlt
tee and Maj. Foster, said to be a
brother-in-law of Col. Starrett and
John Donlin. of the American Fed
cration of Labor, are the other mem
QaU Cel. Caahy.
a8ked Senator Mc
Kellar ?,th Col. F. M. Gunby. of
Quartermaster Department, as a wit
ness, "that most serious charges have
5!??" made to the effect that the
Pa!Tgst f,uller Company, of which
Paul Starrett. a brother of Col. Star
was Pr?tdent; and the Thomp
son-Starrett Company, with which
h?rt ?tarre,.t was formerly connected,
had been given large army eonstruc
t on contracts because of the rela
tionship of the head of the E^I
the,? ,(-on,(ruc"on Committee with
these larcre contractors9"
,G"nby aald that he had heard
aome talk of auch charges, but knew
nothing. ab*,t It of his own know
Revival of Charges. .
werc virtually a rerivel
. TJ?de ^fore the Sen
mlk , ,ir" Committee some
Z "!^?,aKO ,nv?lv'n* 'he influence of
committees of the Council of National
Defense over the arwardlng of con
\I? ^ different bureaus of the
War Department. At that time It was
the intention of the committee to In
" " 'he award ?f construction
contracts hut other more vital mat
ters occupied their attention.
McKellar Wants Probe.
Senator McKellar has sepeatedly
stated that there should be a probe by
st'ri Sf,nate of thc camp and other con
struction contracts let by the War De
partment and the complaint Harry F.
Hann a North Carolina contract
tor. that the Haraway Company, of
Georgia, the largest contracting Arm
in the South, had been awarded a
contract which he expected to ret,
gave opportunity for some pertinent
questions and charges by Senator Mc
Kellar in the course of his examina
tion of Col. Gunby.
41 A
. . them
,, - mem
senator McKellar pursued a line
of inquiry Involving: charges of fa
voritism for the big contracting:
firms He said that at the -time of
the last inquiry It was understood
by members of the Senate Military
Affairs Committee that the War
Department and not the Starrett
committee was to award contracts
ior construction work.
Col. Starrett was commissioned
and assigned to the Council of Na
tional Defense by the Quartermas
ter General's Office, and Maj. Fos
ter was commissioned In the Corps
of Engineers and assigned to his
present duty at the request of the
committee itself.
Hard Pressed for Bronze*
They Exclude Only
| m -
London, Aug. SO.-So pressed la the
He^anKg?neral 8ta<t for metal 'hat a
?h.T ? ta gone forth foro Potsdam
are to h^r?m,f.^nd CaSt lron "atues
are to be melted own. with certain
exceptions. The Rhlneland cltfei
proud of their hlstojlc monuments.
ansry wUh the order. The
Cologne newspapers rudely remark
hat Eerim ha, nothing to lolTby
nf ^ ^Ctton ot lta statuary. mo*t
mhTJ) il mo'lern and indescribably
not' WOr,d WOUId assuredly
not be any poorer for the disappear
truLifn ih"e *PP",nK ?"
thTte.hBer"n, comml3sion has decided
that the only monuments to be ex
empted from destruction are to be
those associated with the Hohenxol
lern family. This, as the KoelninrhA
Zeitung observes. Is the worst blow of
all, for the Hohenzellern and Bis
mark statues which sadden so many
Geiman cities are Just those whteh
could be best dispensed wilh.
via London, Aug 20
.ate^ichol".6. Romanoff. ^ ?
=? s rsonsSi
K reux-Zeitu ng learns from iu tUa
eow cerresiH)o*mt.
French smash ahead between Oise and Aitne on ten mile
front; advance two mile* further, making maximum progress of
four miles since Sunday night
Crown Prince's Aisne-Vesle front now gravely menaced in
flank. Retreat to Chemin dee Dames believed inevitable.
German Noyon front also crumbling as French make new
advance west of Oise. Violent artillery duels raging there.
British beat off four German attacks at Chilly, six miles north
of Roye.
Haig's troops in Flanders push ahead in Merville region.
Petrograd in grip of hunger riots. Hundreds killed in clashes
between Lettish troops and riot leaders.
Bolshevist and Ciecho-Slovik troops in bitter fighting on
Siberian front. Japanese reinforcements land at Vladivostock.
Rice riots in Japan spread to northern part of empire. Arson,
bloodshed and pillage rampant. Troubles in south subsiding.
Pershing reports repulse of German surprise attack north
of Toul.
American naval planes raid Zeebrugge.
Six thousand reported killed in explosion at Krupp gun
Makes Unexplained Visit
to Wap and Navy
President Wilson last night visited
both Secretary of War Baker and
Secretary of Jhe Navy Daniels in
their offices In the State. War and
Navy Building.
The purpose of his unexpected visit,
which occurred after 6 o'clock, was
for a further discussion of the Rus
sian situation, the man power ,btll.
and the activity of submarines off
the Atlantic Coast. It was reported. ,
The President, however, saw both
officials .it the Cabinet meeting In I
the afternoon, at which both the i
Russian situation and the man power I
bill received attention. It was said. ,
Just prior to the President's trip to
| Magnolia, Mass., where he was the
I guest of Col. House, his confidential !
adviser, he called on Secretaries Ba
ker and Daniels, and his visit to
them last night may have been in
regard to the matters which brought
about his conferences with them last
Farther Intervention Anked.
News from Vladivostok of the past
two days, though, has been of a
character to engage the President's
personal attention. There have been i
several reports from the Siberian city
indicating a desire on the part of |
persons there of a much more ex-;
tensive intervention than the one now 1
in progress by United States troops.
These reports are in direct con
travention to the announced policy of I
the President and the immediate!
aims of the War Department. The I
President very clearly pronounced j
himself against intervention on a
large scale, while the War Depart
ment, in the person of Gen. Peyton j
C. March. Chief. of 8taff. emphat
ically reaffirmed the President's pol
icy by declaring that there would
be no "Eastern front."
State Gets Information.
The State Department yesterday re
ceived Information, obtained from
German sources, of the outstanding
features of the peace pact Detween
Russia and the Ukraine. These in
clude the joint reconstruction of rail
roads. telephone and telegraph com
munications, the exchange of goods
valued at 17,000,000 roubles, and the
restoration of consulates. The ques
tion of the taric is still undccided. j
. Meantime, from neutral sources
abroad, came widespread reports of
disorder in both Russia and Poland.
The reign of terror of Petrogtad. an
nounced Monday in official advices to
the French Embassy, was still rag
ing yesterday, according to other dis
Reflects Discontent Because
of Failure to Reach
Discontent arising out of th? Ina
bility of the Kaiser and the Emperor
of Austria to reach an agreement
on the Polish question la beginning
to crop out in the comments of the
German press, according to an offi
cial dispatch yesterdsy from Zurich.
It says:
"The German press has decided to
acknowledge that the pretended ac
cord of the general headquarters on
the Polish question does not exist,
because the decisions which have
been takenare not final, and must
be furth'^flfecussed by the two gov
ernment Berlin and Vienna."
The policy that Baron Burian has
adopted toward Poland has aroused
the antagonism of the German press,
according to the dispatch, which
adds: y
Lokal Anselger Irritable.
"The I^okal Xnzeiger, which pub
lishes the news of the pretended ac
cord at general headquarters, por
trays it In a very irritable tone and
gives itself over to a very violent
attack against Baron Burian. It at
1 tributes to him the responsibility of
I the fallur? to come to an agree
ment. The official newspapers say
I that in the interests of the good re
lation* that exist between the two
central powers, the Austrian emperor
would do well to eliminate Baron
Burian as soon as possible. Inasmuch
as the latter is the impenitent de
fender of the policy against which
Germany Is fighting."
The Frankfurter Zeitung comes out
in the open by saying the Polish ques
tion is not considered solved by com
petent people in Vienna. It also gives
further evidence of the discontent the
matter is arousing in these words:
J "The language of certain Viennese
i papers convinces us that Vienna has
j not renounced her Austro-Polish
, dream. Consequently one must think
1 that Baron Burian. who is known as
j the great partisan of the Austro-Po
! land solution, has not yet modified
j his opinion to the point of recogniz
ing the necessity of adopting the so
; lution proposed by the German official
1 circles."
! The Frankfurter Zeitung. according
; to the dispatch, admits that Germany
I only came to terms with the German
| ophile Poles, and has attempted to
j force this adopted solution on the
! Austrian government. On this point,
i it says the Austrian press has been
j silent on the question, and adds that
I a reading of the German organs Is
j sufficient for one to understand the
difficulties that the Berlin govern
I ment now faces In Its dealings with
| Poland.
Even Prisoners in Hun Camps Fare Better
Than Those Who Are in Ottoman
, Washington Herald Staff Correspondent. '
London, Aug. 20.?Figures just revealed show that upwards of
10,000 British and Indian prisoners taken by the Turks have been
starved to death or killed by Turkish brutality.
The total number of British and Indian prisoners taken by the
Turks up to July I, 1918, is 15,279.
Of these, the Turkish Prisoners of War Committee considers it
unlikely that more than 5,000 officers and men, if that many, remain
Prisoners In Germany, as miserable
as is their lot, are far better off, the
report in commons shows, than the
unfortunate victims of Turkish neglect
and brutality.
And starvation cannot be kept away
from prisoners in Turkish camps by
means of food parcels from home.
Even when it was possible to send
food parcels to these men, three out
of four were never delivered, and for
Ave months now the parcel post to
Turkey has been entirely suspended
by Austria. , %
. XamiMu" U? mgu 1?
Turkish camp* die from Jack of cloth
' ins. blankets and medical supplies.
Officers may have money sent them
home with which to buy the only food
they get But this is paid. In Turkish
paper, which has decreased In value
so that with the exorbitant prices
charged the prisoners for food, they
are little better off th%? the privates.
There are cases of officers in Turk
ish camps having exhausted all their
savings at home through this Tu'k
method of ."permitting" them to buy
food. And Turke; shows no interest
(n exchanging prisoners, knowing the
treat prisoner* w?U?
? V
British Make Important Gains on Eight-Mile Front.
Capturing Two Villages; Near Estaires, Rail
Center; Teuton Attacks Fail.
% *
New French Victory Threatens to Outflank Whole Army of
Crown Prince; Germans Resist Fiercely, but Defense
System Fails; Many Additional Prisoners Taken.
Paris, Aug. 20.?The French smashed forward today on a twenty-five-kilometer front
(nearly sixteen miles) to an average depth of four miles, the war office announced tonight
Osly-Courtil, Cuisy, Almont. Tartiers, Vaisaponin, Blerancourt and Lombray were captured.
The French gained a foothold on the plateau north of Vassens and in the outposts of
Ourscamp forest.
South of the Avre (Picardy battlefield) the French captured Beuvraignes after sharp fight*
The number of prisoners taken in yesterday's successful push between the Oise and Mat!
rivers has increased to 500,' the statement says.
The French advance east of the Oise threatens to outflank the whole army of the crown
prince between the Aisne and the Vesle. At the same time the French advance west of the
Oise brings all the communications radiating from Noyon under the fire of the French guns
and gravely imperils the whole German salient southwest of that city. The Germans resisted
fiercely throughout the day.
Italian Submarine
In Daring Raid Sinks
Big Austrian Steamer
Rome, Auk. 10-The Italian
submarine F-7, commanded by
Captain Flanzola, In a daring
exploit has sunk a big Austrian
steamer, the Admiralty an
nounced tonight The subma
rine penetrated the mine aone
in the Gulf of Quamoro 'where
she sent the Austrian vessel to
the bottom with a torpedo, then
returning safely to her base.
U. S. Flier
By British
Lieut. Chamberlain, of Tex
as, Made Subject of Spe
cial Report to the Navy
Lieut. Edmund Q. Chamberlain, of
the United State* Marine Corps,
whose residence Is 1428 Maine ave-j
|nue, San Antonio. Tex.. I* made the|
subject of a special report to the i
Navy Department by the commander)
of the British Aero Squadron with I
which he has been operating.
From June 30 to July U of this year :
Lieut. Chamberlain has taken part j
in fifteen bombing raids over the J
? enemy lines, some of his most con
spicuous work having been performed:
J in the attacks on Zeebrugge harbor, I
| the Zeebrugge Canal and the Bruges
Canal and Bruges docks. One brll
liant exploit is mentioned in which
the American marine ace was shelled '
for forty-five minutes, and his was ]
the only one of six companion planes
that returned to base unscratched.
Text ef Report.
Referring to Lieut. Chamberlain s
skill and gallantry on July S during
the raids on tjie Flemish coast, the
British officer in command says:
"During the raid on July 5 our forma
tion was attacked by two large forma
tions of about fifteen to twenty enemy
scouts. Fokker plane* and Albatross'
scouts. Our formation destroyed six
enemy planes and drove down three '
others out of control All our ma
chines returned safely partly due to
the fact that Lieut. Chamberlain as
sisted his leader.
-During practically all our raids and
including those Lieut. Chamberlain
took part In, our machines have been
attacked by enemy airplanes any
where from eight to thirty-five miles
behind the lines. Lieut Chamberlain
has proved himself an experienced
pilot at all altitudes over enemy ter
ritory and his capabilities as a war
pilot are eaeel lent. On one occasion
returning from Bruges he was shelled
continuously for forty-five minutes
and although six of our machines
were shot out of action, but returned
aafely, he was undisturbed and ready
for another Job. It is with regret that
I part with the services of this offi
Lieut. Chamberlain was commended
by one of the British generals whose
name is not given, for taking place in
a "fifth raid in one day'* at a low
Members of the Australian Par
1 lament have 37 sons in the war and
three relatives who are nurses. Teu
member are ec acUva service
& mwmk .
London. Aug. 20.?In a new advance between Merville and south
of the Lys, in Flanders, a front of nearly eight miles, the British today
captured the villages of Vierhouck. about a mile north of Merville. and
La Couronne, less than a mile southeast of Vjeux Berquin. and south of
the Lys reached L'Epinette, ? little more than three miles southeast of
the important rail town of Estaires, Field Marshal Haig's night report
shows. . N?
The British line tonight runs through the region east of Merville.
German attacks north of the Scarpe (Arras sector) failed. The
British made a slight advance east of Fampoux, south of the Scarpc.
The text of Field Marshal Haig's night report follows:
"Local fighting has taken place today on both banks of the
Scarpe river. South of the river hostile attacks upon certain posts
which our troops have succecdcd in establishing east of the enemy's
former front line were repulsed.
"North of the Scarpe our line has been pushed forward a short
distance east of Fampoux after sharp lighting in which we secured
a few prisoners.
"In the course of the day further ground has been gained by us
astride the Lvs.. Our troops have gained L'Epinette and the area
east of Merville. ?
"North of Merville we have taken Vierhouclc and La Courenne.
"A raid attempted by the enemy early this morning northeast of
Locre (southwest of Ypres) was repulsed."
London. Aug. 20 ?The Germans op
posite the British troop* are having: a
I particularly nervous time. They are
continually on the alert for those
small raiding parties of deteKnined
men who appear silently and sud
denly with bombs and bayonets.
Something bigger is continually ex
pected and the men captured in the
Merris neighborhood when the Scot
tish and Welsh troops hustled the
Germans off the Outlet steene Ridge .
and took possession of much ground |
useful for observation, showed strik- J
( ing signs of continued strain. The in
; fantry. on the whole, were not a good I
j lot. although their physique was bet-1
ter than their morale.
Considerable difficulty is being ex
| perlenced In keeping up the supply of
German artillery, particularly since >
the large captures by the allies, and |
the guns now in use often fire short j
on the German lines.
Shelling; Their Own Men.
Of the prisoners taken at the |
I Outtersteene Percy Robinson, the 5
i the war correspondent says:
| "The German infantry officers tell '
I us tales similar to those heard be- j
fore the heavy losses which they ;
suffered a few days ago by their j
gunners shelling their own lines. In ,
this case we have the gunners also. I
and they do not deny it. One field j
artillery officer dismissed the charge
with a shrug saying 'Such accidents
will happen/ But others all took
the same line of protesting, that It
was not their fault because the
weapons were so bad. It was. thejr
said, absurd to expect anyone to do
decent shooting with guns in the i
condition of the German guns now."
Meanwhile Berlin is immune and j
as bumptious as ever, and the j
Rhinelanders survey the staring j
capital on the Brandenburg plains
with embittered feelings.
Can pi W3I Have Liundrie*.
Laundries are to be provided in all
the principal camps and cantonm??its
to coat an average of <130.000. accord
ing to a statement of the War re
part me rrt yesterday. Power to oper
ate the laundries will be supplied by
special power houses which will be
erected at the same time. Camp
Meiga is included in the list of camps
wfcer* laundries will tx built.
Berlin, via London, Aug. 20.?
"The enemy occupied Merville,"
(Flanders,) today's war office
admits. "We withdrew astride
the Lys," the statement says.
"Enemy attacks between Vieux
Berquin and the south of Mete*
ren failed.
"French attacks northwest of
Rove failed.
"South of Crapeaumesnil and on
both sides of Fresnieres, French
attacks failed.
"Between Lassigny and Thies
court the enemy entered our
front lines and subsequently was
thrown back.
"Between Carlcpont and Nour
rin, enemy attacks failed."
Berlin, via London, Aug. 20.?
"A Frcnch attempt to break
through was commenced this
morning between the Oise and
the Aisne," says tonight's war
office announcement.
"The attack broke down in our
battle positions."
French Resume Drive
On Ten-Mile Front
London. Aug. 20.?The French Tenth
Army, commanded by Gen. Mangin.
resumed Its arnutt on the German
Oise-Alsne front today. It drove for
ward along a tenmile front to 4
maximum depth of two miles. This
makes a total penetration of fotr
milea since the beginning of this new
offensive Sunday night. A dangerous
wedge has been driven into the Ger
man front between Noyon and Sole
sons. and the effect of this fresh sec
I cess roust make Itself felt both on
the lefU where the front links up with
the iTcardy line, and on the right,
where the Crown Prince's armies be
tween the Atsne and the Vea)e ara
now gravely menaced In the flank.
Already military critics predict a
prompt German retirement to the
Chemin des Dames as an Inevitable
At the same time signs are re port at
of a, German Intention to fall back
almost immediately to the Noyou
Nesle line. The bulk of the Teuton
heavy artillery has already been iw
mo\ed out of the awkward angle let
ting westward from Noyon. front die
patches state. From the hills domi
nating the Atane and Ailette valley?
French guns are sweeping the wh<4s
Gersncnt front between the Oise ani
tha A isne.
A few hours after this morning's
. ; I

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