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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, September 02, 1918, Image 2

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Labor's Aim Must Be 100
Per Cent Efficiency to
Speed War.
Maklag Labor Day the occasion
far aa appeal to labor for 1*0 per
o?pt efficiency, William B- Wilson.
Secretary of Labor. Issued this
statement yesterday.
"One hundred per cent efficiency
must bo the patriotic aim of both
employes aad wagp earners during
the war. Otherwise the cause of the
allies and democracy Is la danger.
This duty has been expressed by
the Hon. W. Iff. Hughes, premier of
Australia. In an appeal to American
worklagmen. He says:
" Workers of Amsrlos, we are In
tfce greatest of all war?. It la a
people's war. a flght for democracy
and liberty, which we must flght out
to a finish. There Is no other
honorable way. The future of labor
depends on victory; and victory de
pends as much on the workers as on
the soldiers actually fighting In the
field. More than all* It depends on
the workers of America, the men
bolldlng ships, making munitions,
providing food for the soldiers over
there.
? Too are the great army of
?killed workers whom Germany
fears more thaa alL Tou are peace
makers In the great race against
him. Upon you the eyes of the
world are turned; oa you rests a
tremendous responsibility. Not only
the millions of American soldiers,
bat the soldiers of all the allies
look to yon to see them through
to that victory for which they are
fighting so heroically.
Mmm Menace to Labor.
" Workers of America, to you has
some a great opportunity. Tou have
the power to render a lasting eervlce
to the oauae of liberty and democracy.
The cause of militarism is a deadly
menses So America, to democracy and
to labor. If Germany tnumphs, labor
and democracy must fall. Be op and
"The appeal thus sounded by Mr.
Hughes Is being hseded by the work
ers throughout the United Statee. The
nation was astonished to learn that
the New Tork Shipbuilding Com
pany had completed the Tuckaboe.
ready for launching, m twenty-seven
daya Then came word from the
Pacific Coast of an even greater feat,
the launching of the 12,00<Mon steamer
Defiance thirty-eight days aftsr her
keel was laid. At Mare Island the
workmen launched a destroyer In
seventeen and a half days, almost
cutting the world's record In half,
and the vessel wss In commission and
flying the United States flag in sev
enty days.
"It is not alone in shipbuilding that
labor has shown the splendid re
sponse thst has attracted univeraal
attention?though the greatest indi
vidual feat by any workingman dur
ing the war was the driving of 4.875
rivets in one day by a shipyard
worker. In Nashville. Tenn.. the
sreatest powder plant in the world
has been completed three months
ahead of schedule.
More Coal. Fewer Worksva.
"More coal is being produced and
with a lesser number of workers
than ever before. From every part
of the country likewise comes news
not only of labor's tremendous
effort but of labor's grim determina
tion to see things through to a
finish, regardless of any end all
sacrifices. In a Connecticut plant,
fer example, the workmen volun
tarily gave three hours work on
July 4. and are credited with hav
ing accomplished almost as much as
would ordinarily have been done in
nine hours.
"The 1?0 per cent efficiency for
which the Department of Labor is
striving will come from two things
?a thorough realisation of the need
and a determination to meet that
need. Labor In America and
Europa alike is performing a tre
mendous task; thers 1? still much
to be done, but theee striking ex
amples have shown ths way. The
glory of it all Is that labor has
visualised the needs of our armies
our peoples and Its own rsla
i to those necessities. Labor ae
?Ota that responsibility enthus
'?-fcally. loyally. With our splen
array on the battlefields of
r j ope re-enforced by an efficient
--Mistrial army in America, mill
?er sm la doomed to defeat. De
ft ? racy will be triumphant on the
?
ilFFRAGISTS PLAN
HEW DEMONSTRATION
* - Ma Announce Gathering in
Lafayette Square Sept 17.
"*>. flrst suffrage demonstration
th? poltc. raised tta. ban on
t public demonstration win be hsld
Via Lafayette tqaar. oppo.lt. th.
Whit. Hons, on September IV th.
~ited4jiartera of th. National Wo
man's Party announced last nlghl
This la a preliminary step In a
??lies of demonstrations that are
planned In the approaching election
aampalgn through the West.
The tour will Include a campaign
sy the twenty-six women recently
imprisoned b.cause 0f the recent
lUffrag. agitation In Lafayette
Square. They will speak In every
State where women vote In eena
orial campaigns this fall which
.Mludes Wyoming. Colorado. Kan
taa. Montana. Oregon, Nevada and
Idaho.
'MARSEILLAISE" IN GERMANY.
Amsterdam. Sept. 1.?The Hamburg
Nachrlchten reports the singing of
?The Marseillaise'' In Baden by a
group of vlaltlng Germans. The
authorities and newspapers were
imased on hearing of It aad ascribed
t to a group of despicable Interna
tionals.
ASTHMA
Thar* la do *e
There le so "curt
bat rettaf la oftaa
V
IfKS\AP0KIBV>V
I
'NEW PRICES ?30c. 60c, ?1.*0
The wise man does no wrong In
hanging his habits with the times,
thaw your wisdom by changing
-eur glasses whenever necessary,
i graduate .ptoraetrlst of It years i
?vote, his entire time to the eyes|
xetoslvsly
QUALITY OPTICAL CO.
43t m JL W,
WAR FEVER IMPELS MINERS
TO SPEED COAL PRODUCTION
Underground Workers Realize Vital Charac
ter of Output in Saving Lives of Our
Boys at the Front.
An armr of three-quarters of a
million men. with no division*! or
corps sualxn, with ?o Insignia ex
cept those of th* m*n who labor*,
working far from th? fanfaro Of
trump* ts. U tho subterranean armT
of man who toll la tho darkneas of
tho underground to produoo tha ooal
that auppllea tho vital noeonltlM of
the other army now fighting tho
Hunt.
That tha coal minora conititute an
army as truly as the men who march
to ths front U being sttssted dally
by ths enthusiastic report! that roach
th? Bureau of Mines of ths Depart
ment of the Interior of records
smashed In ths production of ooal.
Prom all parts of ths country, from
Isolated vtllsges where ' one would
imagine ths war spirit was slow in
penetrating, com* thess rsports that
miners havs gladly given up their hol
idays in order thst there should not
bo any slowing up of the great war
machine that Is destined to finally
crush tho Hun.
?iHtl ?? D* Mas*.
Thess rsports from operators not
only glv* ths facts of greater pro
duction but generally add a virile
commsnt upon what thsir organisa
tions lntsnd to do In ths ns*r future
to help win the war. The patriotic
spirit that psrvades the operators
Is ths same in the superintendents,
ths foremsn and ths men them
selves. The lone miner tearing the
coal from Its resting placs knows
that more coal means more guns,
mors ships, mors munitions, and
that these mesn victory and ths
ssving of ths lives of their brothers
who ars lighting across the seas.
Just recently the Bureau of
Mines sent one of Its rsprssents
tlvee Into th* mines of Michigan.
Tsnnessse, and Ohio to- Investigate
ths pyrlte which msy be needed
MINERS PILING UP
NEW COAL RECORDS
Heavy Troop Movements Increase
Car Shortage Since July t.
The mines sf America today hum
with snergy and patriotism. An
army of 750,000 men with pick and
shovel ar* piling up production
reoorde new to the -world in the coal
fields. Never has the output per man
averaged so largs, and never has the
time loet through labor ehortsgs and
strikes been so small
Ths ear shortags has increased each
week since July i as ths railroads
havs been forced to concentrate their
efforts to move troops and suppllss
to Europ*. This heavy movement
began about July 1. with the last
great German offensive. Despite these
conditions, the car shortage Is less
than In previous years.
All over the country the old soclsl
lstlc chalk slogans on the walls of ths
mines have given way to "Buy Liberty
Bonds." "Win the War." or "To Hell
With the Kaiser.- The miners are
aroused.
Shipments of bituminous coal Into
New England for the week ending
August 24. were *41,592 tons, an in
crease over the previous week of
59,474 tons. By-products plants pro
duced 546,058 tons of coke In the week
| ending August 24.
HORSES RETURN
WHEN WASHINGTON
ABANDONS AUTOS
CONTINUED FROM PAG? OMB.
again and with another chauffeur and
two women, went on a wild Joy
ride.
They were caught and gave the
names of George C. Walker, 33
years of age. of 3340H M street
northwest and Bryant McMann 24.
of SOS F street northeast. They are
both charged with taking Ryan's
machine without permission.
Military machines apparently
were not Included In the order
aeoordtng to their owners. The
pollc* were uncertain aa to thla.
Few B*a? Goldaa Harvest.
Th* old darklea and thsir k*rrig*s
rsap*d golden harvest out of th* situ
ation. Washington's streets, almost
bereft of snythlng that looked like
191J, was splotch*d all over with what
waa 1900 at th* latest. Anything with
a minimum two whsets and some sort
of shambling besst with thre* good
lega anyway that could pasa for a
hora* was sur* of a fare, or as many
faro* as could trust themselves to the
combination safely
Early reports from th* rest of the
country were fragmentary but suf
ficient to show that tha Capital was
doing Its own part with other com
munities In saving gasoline for the
allied drive.
Dr. Garfield, th* F*d*ral Fu*l Ad
ministrator. waa not In Washington
today to comment on the apparent
immediate success of his appeal to
Americans. He had gon* to Long
Branch. N. J., to attend a o*l*bration
thcr* Labor Day. Mrs. Gsrfleld had
suggaated aome time ago. In contem
plation of the trip, that they ua* tbolr
car. It waa a great day for riding,
though a little warm for Pullman
travel. They went on the train.
NAVY MEN KILLED IN
SEAPLANE ACCIDENT
The Navy Department Is Informed
that Enalgn Thomas Nell McKinnon.
17. 8. N. R. F., and Aerial Gunner
Mathew It O'Gorman. U. S. N. R. F.
were both killed in a aesplane acci
dent In France August 30. Ensign
McKinnon was from Minneapolis;
mother. Mrs. Mark McKinnon. 1104
East 36th street. Minneapolis. Mind.
O'Gorman was from Jamaica Plains;
! mother Mrs. Margaret M. O'Gorman.
I 1 yiarlou Terrace, Jamaica Plains.
Mass.
I Hobart Paul T-sRue. gunner's mat*
| second class. U. S. N.. was killed by
a train st Peekskllt N T.. August
Iff. Father. George W. LaRue. Bray
mer. Mo.
Absence of Chug-Chugs
Gives Soothing Effect
To Vesper Services
The .quietude at th* vssper s*rvlcos
upon ' th* Elllpss yesterday moved
one of the speakers, 8 W. Bond,
to remark upon the voluntary ah- j
stlnenc* of the owners of pleasure I
cars.
"The absence of the whir of the
motor cars." he said, "reminds on*
or th* feeling of something mlsslnn
that comes after a stay at the sea
shore within sound of th* breakers."
There were a few automobile* un
disguised I y out for pleasure?but they
were run by electric power.
The singing of th* battl* hymns
wss led by H. T. Ashe, of th* War
CsmpCommuniV?_^frvl(jj^^^^^^^
TWO row ci.a?sificatio*.
UHT-SCHru* at lilt CAT FAUJi.
7 ?..sl. wills !???. M cash, chit ?s>
?M? to sli.-niHi usi atkd Mtlelaa Uhml
isaaad. Wla *?- iM
la tbe manufacture of sulpharlc
aold, tha pyrlte balm tha sulphur
found In tha coal. It la not known
aa jrat whether It will ha neceasary
to uae thaaa aulphur balla. tha
Bureau making tha Inveatlgatlop aa
a maaaura of preparedneas. Tha
inveatlgator, however, found that
tha oparatora and tha minere were
ready to mine tha pyrlte just aa
soon aa It waa demanded.
Patriotic Chalk lloa.
The. message brought b*ck to the
bureau by tha Inveatlgator wai that
tha outstanding feature of his trip
waa the absolute patriotism of the
men and the general anxiety to h*lp
tha government in any way possible.
Tha investigator found that the old
Socialistic chalk slogans on tha walls
of many minaa had given way to
"Buy Liberty Bonds" and many
othar references to winning the war.
One of tha most familiar of the signs
in a number of mines reads "To Hell
with the Kaiser." Almost every mo
tor seen in the mines carries a min
iature American flag, continually re
minding the miners that the war ?s
on and giving him Inspiration to
greater effort.
And the miner Is risking his life
as well aa tha soldier boy at the
front. In the year 1917, the last for
which atatistlcs are available. 2.(196
miners gave up their Uvea while dig
ging coal to win tha war. Unfor
tunately tha government does not
tabulate the casualties of the mines
as It does those of the soldiers.
the number of injuries could ba
shown, they would Indicate that min
ing perhapa la as hasardous as war.
Tat tha miner goea about his work
with the same enthusiasm and the
same fearlessness as the boys "over
there" and la as surely doing his part
toward winning the war.
KILLING OF WALKE
REMAINS MYSTERY
No Clue to Motive of Murderer of
Government Watchman.
j Who killed John H. Walks, tha col
1 ored government watchman?
Nobody knows yat. Robbery is gen
erally thought to have been the
motive, although nothing hss turned
; up to substantiate the theory. There
, ia not a clue so far to give the police
; the slightest idea as to who cora
! mltted the crime or why it was dona.
I Walks waa found Saturday night In
a garage In the rear of 1723 F street
I northwest. Hs was smployed to watch
the rear of a building that houaes Im
portant government telephone and
telegraph wlrea.
Jamea H. Johnson. 60 years of age,
a resident of 213 C street southeast,
also a watchman at the same place as
Walks, was detained a few nours yes
terday by the police for Investigation,
but later waa released. Johnsoit
worked the same shift aa Walks.
Because Walke bore an exception
ally good reputation it has been hard
for the police to establiah a motive
for his murder. It ia not known how
much money he had in his pockets, so
the robbery theory has i.o definite
baais.
A reward of H00 has been offered by
the local police for information lead
ing to Jhe arrest and conviction of
the murderer of Walke.
A weird story about the murder of
John H. Walke, the colored govern
ment watchman, who was found
Saturday night with his skull bat
tered In in the rear of the govern
ment telegraph office at 1723 F street
northwest, was cliculatcd around
Washington la at night originating
supposedly In New York
Whlls the police of this eity put
little credence in the story, it is
nevsrtheless plsusible.
'allied MONEY GOES
UP WITH OFFENSIVE
British and American Notes Raise
as Huns Retreat.
London, Aug. SI.?There have
been Interesting movement. In the
neutral eichangea alnce Marshal
Foeh'a counter offenaive began six
weeks ago. In Amaterdam. Berne.
Copenhagen and Stockholm the
value of the mark hae gone down
while tha rate for British money
haa Inereaaed. Since July is In
Copenhagen. Berlin haa dropped
from IH.T8 to Sl.S and almilar
movementa have been apparent at
the other houraea mentlooed. In
all caaea London baa gone up coo~
?Iderably. Indeed tha decline of
tha marka value haa been ao great
that It la now worth virtually only
half lta value before the war. The
aoverelgn la a much more bduyant
commodity and It la aignlflcant that
the Ukrainian peasanta refuse to
accept either German. Auatrlan or
Ruaaian money for their goods.
The central powers have been
reduced 19 the neceaalty of aending
agents to Swltaerland to purobase?
at a premium Engllah treasury and
American dollar notea with which
I to trade with the Ukrainians.
Thief Grips Grip-Testing
! Machine; Others Prefer
Shoes and Pocketbooks
A thief, with a strong grip, came to
grips with a grip-testing machine In
the drug store of Dr. Peter Dunc.nn,
87 K street northwest, early >eaterday
morning and bested It.
He broke open the rfiachine and got
a grip on the pennies he found there,
hut not until he had ranaacked the
place and failed to discover any cash
elsewhere.
A 19 pair of patent leather shoes
was stolen from Jamas Hootl. 124
street northwest. The xhoes were left
In a locker of the Columbia Club.
The window of the store of William
Silverman, 2149 Georgia avenue was
broken In snd two doxen pocketbooks'
I valued at 12 were atolen.
TIN FOIL FROM CIGAR
STORES FOR RED CROSS
All tinfoil uaually aalvaged by the
United Cigar Stores la now to be
turned ovar to tha aalvage department
of the Red Cross.
Thia will amount to between fiftv
and seventy-five pound, a week, ae
cordlng to John Blakely, lint o street
northweat. superintendent of tha
Waahlngton atorea.
Formerly all tinfoil swept up from
tha floors of the atorea was sold hv
the company for a neat sum. Tha
amount collected will ba several timee
larger than formerly, according to
.fr, k*?a"? hogaa for (ha
tinfoil hav? been Inatallad. and tha
neople are keenly tatereetod la sav
ing It.
MINERS URGED
TO INCREASE
COAL OUTPUT
Cardinal Gibbons Requests
Clergy to Use Influence
With Workers.
Expressing ths hope that the
clergy would do all In their power
to urge mine workers to their high
est efforts In tha production of coal,
hie eminence, Cardinal Gibbons, has
written the following letter to U.
8. Fuel Administrator Harry A.
Garfield:
"My Dsar Mr. Garfield:
"I have read with great pleasure
the proclamation of the President
of the United 8tates with regard
to the fuel situation. L'lke a great
many other Americans I have been
very much alarmed at the outlook
for next winter. It Is to be hoped
that those whose business It is to
get coal out of the earth will sea
how much depends upon their labor,
and what a patriotic work they
perform in providing that which is
really at the present time the
alnews of war.
RraHMlbllltj ta All Mea.
"The very fact that we have con
scription puts a responsibility on
every man In the country either to
fight or to work, as tha government
may think most necessary for the
public good. The very fact that cer
tain kinds of workers are put in a
deferred classification ts to my mind
an Indication to them that their real
duty le to do that particular kind of
work, because through the partic
ular ki"d of work which they can
perform the country will be more
greatly helped and the war more
easily won. But Just as It la the duty
of those who are called to fight, to
fight bravely and to etlow their
patriotism to be the informing prin
ciple of their courage, so Is it neces
sary that those who work should work
In the same strenuous and patriotic
manner.
"There ars. I think, two classes of
people who can help very much in
this regard The first class is com
posed of the families and neighbors
of the men who sre put Into a de
ferred classification. As the President
has so truly said, these people ahoulo
treat the men who are working, when
often they would much rather to
fighting, with the greatest respect,
and should show that they recog
nise and honor the patriotism which
| holds men to their posts In the coal
mine as well as the patriotism which
holds a man firm In the trenches.
Clergy Hast Do Part. ,
"The other class which I think
could be of very great assists nee
at this time Is the clergy, and I sln
I cerely hope that every minister of
| religion, especially In the mining dis
tricts. will put before his congre
gation the great principle that pa
triotism Is devotion to country; that
those who love their country must
serve their country In the most ac
ceptable way. and must give their
j services, not where they would
j choose, but where the government
thinks they could be most useful;
and that those who do stay behind
to work must remember that they
ara working for their country and
are holding up the hands of their
i countryman now fighting across the
| seas, and that therefore they must
put every ounce of enerary and man
hood Into the work which they aro
asked to do.
"I hope for the very best effects
(from the President's proclamation.
"With kind regards. I am, my dear
! Mr. Garfield.
"Yours vary sincerely.
"J. CARD. GIBBONS."
|Y. W. C. A. BOAT RIDE
FEATURE THIS. WEEK
Address by Lieut. Renard on Pro
gram for Women.
A boat ride for seventy-five girls
next Saturday will be the feature
event of next week's Y. W. C. A.
activities. The boat will go up the
canal through the locks to Great
Falls, where It will stop a short
time.
Mrs. William Asher. of tha Billy
j Sunday party, and IJeut. Robert Re
nard, of the French high commis
sion. will address the Y. W. C. A.
| audience.
The program for tha week follows:
Today a professional circus from
the Rockvllla fair will give two per
j formances, at 6 and at 8 o'clock at
the ?ountry Club, 3901 Wisconsin ave
nut
Tomorrow Mrs. William Ashar will
I speak at the meeting of the Business
' Women's Council, at 7:41. Prof. Pe
te# Dykema will lead tha council
In choral singing. There will bo
a community party at Vacation
I<odge, Cherrydale, Va., at 7:30.
Wednesday cars to a sightseeing
| automobile ride with guides, pnuer
the Joint auspiees of the Y. M. C.
A and the Y. W. C. A., will leave
the Liberty Cafeteria and f>19 Four
j teenth street northwest at 7 o'clock,
j There will be special events at the
j Country Club, ending with motion
pictures.
Thursday a group party from the
Bureau of Standards will have sup
per and an entertainment at the
Country Club. Company C, of the
Business Women's Council, will drift
on the Ellipse.
i Friday the Swimming Club of the
Business Women's Council will meet
st the gates of the Municipal Pool,
Seventeenth and B streets northwest,
at 6 o'clock.
Saturday tha boat ride will leave
the Aqueduct Bridge at Thirty-sixth
and M streets northwest, returning
from Great Falls at about 10 o'clock.
Sunday the usual vesper services
at Vacation Lodge and the Country j
J Club will be held at 7 o'clock.
Raise Fine Wheat Crop
On Golf Links at K. C.
Kansas City, Mo. ?The city of
(Kansas City realised $1,364.9.0 from]
1 the sale of the wheat* crop raised.
1 on the new golf links at Swopel
1 Park, and the local branch of thei
| American fund for French wounded
i received $87.75, the umount repre
senting what the wheat brought at
an auction sale above the prevail
ing market price. The board of
trade sold the wheat without tak
ing any commission.
Negro Parson, Author of
Scenarios, Held as Idler
Great Harrington, Mui-Hiv. John
V. Hilt, colored, ha* b*cn arretted for
(allure to comply with the Maaaachua
! etta anti'jaflng law. He carfie here
? aeveral ?ear? ago an paator of the
TU- ? *? "? ?
1 F?*?wr *#4 IUO
; Zlon A. M. E. Church. Shortly after
j ward he changed from the Metbo
"? Congregational denomlna
cently he ha* not been
but has been devoting all
to wrfttac motloa picture
$8,000 JEWELRY MYSTERY
SOLVED BY LOCAL SLEUTH
??
' Detective B. R. Boyle rushad out
of heidquartbrs last evening at ?
mile a minute. Burglar* had broken
Into a bouse /on Massachusetts ave
nue northeaat and bad "stolen"
IMOO worth of jewelry.
The problem of where la Dors#y
Foulta faded into tnslgniftcsncs
alongside 'of thla baffling mystery.
Gtoaae Skroota HeucksM.
The aleuth- arrived at the houae
and found a' very worried and ex
cited l?dy awaiting him. 8he was
heartbroken over the loaa of her
valuable Jewelry. It muat be re
covered no matter If tire Weetern
front geta any nearer Berlin or not.
"All right, madam," reaponded
the gallant aleuth. "I'll do the beat
I can and then some."
Everything In th? houae was
turned upside down. The lady waa
asked a million and one questions
STANDARDSOF1
LABOR BETTER;
IN WAR PERIOD;
Progressive Legislation Rec- ;
ognized as Emergency, |
Savs Dr. Andrews.
New York. Sept. L?Labor stand,
arda in wartime have continued to
advance In spite of scattering ht
tempta to suspend meaaurea for the
protection of the Industrial army, and
gaina through legislation have been
greatly augmented by Presidential or
der* under authority of Congresa to
meet the national emergency, Accord
ing to the summary of labor lawa
enacted during 1918 in a score of
States and In Congreaa, Just Issued
by the American Asaoclatlon for La
bor Legislation.
"Protective labor legislation, won
through long years of effort, has
proved a sound basis upon which to
maintain and Increase the efficiency
and sustained fitness of Industrial
workers." saya the secretary. Dr. John
B. Andrews. "Recognizing this, the
Federal government and the States
have almost unanimously Insisted
upon upholding, enforcing and ex
tending labor laws.
Virginia Latest Recruit.
"Virginia Is the latest recruit In
the workmen's compensation camp,
making forty-one States and Terri
tories now having this form of so
cial Insurance. In addition to the
model act of the Federal government
for Its million civilian employes, and
the soldiers* and sailors' insurance
act, the most Important social In
surance measure adopted by our
country.
"With the experience before them
of the belligerent countries in Eu
rope, which have,. In the midst of
war. greatly extended the benefits of
their social Insurance systems, offi
cial commissions In eight States have
continued their investigations of uni
versal health Insurance, called by
Surgeon Gen. Rupert Blue the next
big step in American labor legis
lation.
Child Labor Decision Setback. I
"The Supreme Court's adverse child <
labor decision was a tempororv set-!
back, but the Individual States con
tlnue to throw protections around the I
employment of children. Several1
States, notably New York, have this I
year regulated women's hours and!
conditions of work and have im- i
proved safety and health safeguards j
Mne Statea have enacted compul
sory work laws as war-aid measures. I
"Of far-reaching national Import :
s the passage by Congress of the |
law providing for the rehabilitation'
and re-education of crippled soldiers1
and sailors and their restoration to '
se f-sustaining Industrial pursuits. !
Likewise significant are the crea- I
by Executive order of the War Ijibor i
Board to Improve industrial relations. 1
the War Policies Board to establish !
proper standards of wages, hours and :
working conditions as well as hous
. ., workers, and the expansion |
of the Federal Employment Service
to meet the urgent need of Intelli
gent placement of labor "
Interesting legislative by-product,
of the war are the anti-loafing meas
ly J" ? State? *o compel able
bodied men not subject to the draft
to engage In useful occupations. Un
laws in most cases affect male real- I
dents between IS and SO.
AMERICAN LEADERS
PRAISE U. S. LABOR
Lab?' Day Edition of the
American Federatlontst the official
SoTofne,?K the Am*rlcan K?dera
trVL 1 7- cont?'ns messages
fnThe wny ?f 'or?most leaders
th rr..wor.k of 11,8 n?,ion'
The spirit of these messages Is
one appreciation of
talBlw .?K workers and cer
the war ?uccessful ending of
Newton D. Baker. Secretary of
War, commends the "splendid co
Arnerlca" P"rt ?' "?hor ??
voTuntary."W h ha" "bMn ?"<?
ah?S country halls Its army
^ army at home as
which a? i th* rreat conflict 1
dol - An,erl=* '? waging for free
doin. says Secretary Baker
CharUs m. Schwab saya, "I am
th.???
with" ?h. , American flag, and
ml wl ! 0 the workers and
^V.r .h ."' ,h?P* to put the job.
? J ,?.P ,n Bood shape."
tltfed *^1 ,n ,ln ,r,lcl" en
titled Labor Day's Big Splash "
says "no group of men In any coun
iacv with W?L'1 ha" backed demoo
T ^ UC.h *?telligence and loy
th? American workers."
Is J!?- a Per cent Efficiency
Is our slogan, says William B. Wil
son. Secretary of Labor
Other leaders sending messages
Crei? nrarHCharI#* PlM' Oeorge
Creel. Dr. Harry Qarneld. Hngh
SSk* n?nk,J Hay"' Van
, 'D.,L,0V L' Marshall,
a^d 1 Dr" Ray Wl">ur
.and Mary Anderson and others.
Great numbers of rotary motors are
now In use for airplanes abroad, and
many more are In course of manufac
ture. Five hundred planes now being
manufactures will take rotary mo
tors. as well as a new single sea tor
tralnlng'yP. P'"e a<?cVd
CASTORIA
For_^f?nts and Children
An'^thJ* Hm *^LthJlt *ort of thlnV
All the time Detective Boyl? was
?* ?* "?"!,* t.u thinking Sudden
ly Tie palled open the drawer of
"a ??
?elation Apmn SlapU.
"Here yon are. madam," uld De
tective Boyje. ?i b,??. ? ^
?.? "?ryV,'7 h*" Ju? - >"?>
I? I a_ And aur* enough it was
ha* ?f i > h*d bMn touched The
k!U *u Juat at tile lady
aelfc PU ln ,h* 4r*wer h*' own
"r-,v#r -much"
tlTiCOB0tL,l,!^adam'" mld ^tec
h7v? K ? ar# V#ry *U<* *?
have been pt service. Any time
you need ue ...In, Juet raU Ma"n
ILLINOIS OBJECTS TO
REGISTERING SEPT. 12
Comment Here 1? That War Will
Be Won by Armi Anyhow.
0?n. Enoch Crowder. Provoet Mar
ahal General, haa under consideration
the proteet of Adjt. Oen. Dlckaon of
[ IU,nol? ?nd officers of the Selective
Service Aeeoclatlon against Septem
ber 11 ? registration day for that
State. Gen. Crowder. however, haa
I not yet before him tho teat of the
I Proteet. which. In a general way. aeta
J forth the Impossibility of ualng the
election machinery on the lith aa the
Illinois state primary takea place on
the 11th.
Gen. Crowder eald: "I only know
Of the proteet from what I aea In the
newspapers. It presenu a queatlon
wmch of course muat be fully con
alderej before announcing any de
eialon. and perhapa that will not be
possible before Tuesday. In ihe ab
eence of the documenta and the reas
ons as officially atated I cannot fore
| cast what action may be taken." f
MIDDLE ATLANTIC
FEDERATION MEETS
A conference and organisation of
Junior work took place at the fourth
annual convention of the Middle At
lantic States Federation of Young
Men s Hebrew and Kindred Associ
ations held here yesterday in the
Toung Men", Hebrew Association
Building.
B Groesman presided at
J?,e P.. 00 ,unlor work ?nd
?' r?*rlman was the speaker.
Today at the conference on junior
De?rG..Wh^ ?ntlnuei Mr
?eak a? ,J T "? C" A- wi?
. ,he conference on con
structive soldier welfare work Capt
Ml on ??*K Wi" *p"k- Jua*<;
the buainea"ae?f|on.W"' ?r"'d? ?
Will Put Baseball
Into Mesopotamia
V ^'r I'*fay?tt* Echols, former
.r& f
the natives of the Tigris
w"fl beafn^VV Mr Ec'n"
win begin hit training course mt
he International T. M C A CoV
' Mr <,ElShP?rilnii'le"'- M*"- ?* once,
let. p ' is " weIl-know ath
the rnuh HWO year* h* ,rained for
the football squad at West Point
??.?' VTI ,h'
Tenn wbM* h ' *' J?ckson.
baU team , the base
""?ssiti.r'ts'.ssr""
HOME WORK OF j
RED GROSS IS
WARBLESSING
Solcfiers' Families Helped
in Great Variety of
Troubles:
More than 300.00? families of Amer
ican men in service have been re
lieved of money troublee, legal dif
ficulties, family worries or of de
pressing loneliness by the home serv
ice of the Red Cros?. aays a report
issued yesterday by the Red Croes
Council.
This branch of Red Cross activity
haa 60,000 men and women serving
on lta 10.000 home aervice commit -
teea. It has reached into remote
communities where there had never
been organized social effort before.
It haa established the closest co-op
eration in the larger centers of popu
lation with the organized agencies
of public welfare. It 1a spreading
a doctrine of Intelligent substantial
neighborliness on behalf of the fight
era* families and backing It with an
expenditure of over Moo.oon a month.
These expenditures have been made
out of money raised in the commu
nities themselves and reserved from
tile amount contributed to the na
tional Red -Cross war fund. Ths di
rection of each town and county's
home service work is left to local
committees. National headquarters is
seeking only to guide and aid in
organizing the neighborliness of each
town for lta own men In khaki.
Money Ike I.east It??.
More than 1,000.000 people have
been helped by these local com
mittees since the war began. Money
has been. certalnlyt the least val
uable contribution of ||ome ser
vice to th? welfare of communities
since men began to go into train
ing camps. but it amounted to
$1,100,000 for the first six months
of the present year and will prob
ably exceed $4,000,000 for the second
half of the year. By January 1,
1919, Red Cross will have spent in
home service work a total of $6.
000.000 and will then be carrying
a burden. probably. of nearly
' $1,000,000 a month.
I More important than money are
i the other kinds of help that are
' being freely given. Problems in
soldiers' and sailors' families have
j arisen from sickness, worry, bark
\ ward or unruly children. ptrplexl
J ties in household manag^m^nt.
J business and legal tangles, me ntal
! depression end sometimes mere
longing for the man gone away.
. These things keep soldiers' families
I from hsppiness sometimes w hen
there is no actual pressing need for
funds and home aervice committees,
by enlisting the aid of physicians,
lawyers, business men. successful
! housekeepers and teachers, have
successfully aided thousands of
families to overcome such troubles.
Difficulties arise out of the failure
of some dependents to receive their
allowances or allotments under the
war risk Insurance law. At leabt
OA.ooO Inquiries concerning such pay
ments were received by the Red Cross
through home service committees
i during the month of July and more
than a third of those were taken
clear through to headquarters by the
information service in the effort to
get matters straightened out.
Men in camps in this country or on
i the firing line in Europe are In touch
J practically all the time with Red
Cross field workers who can. in re
sponse to an appeal, get word to the
home service committee in the fight
1 er's home town. The importance of
! this in keeping up the morale of
} men abroad has been spoken of again
and again by cfficers in France. A
worried soldier is not a good sol
dier. and the Red Cross is sav ing
soldiers from unhapplness by taking
care of their families and then seeing
to it that the soldiers are informed
that things are right.
W. * J. slo;
Fitihhhii 71 T-n Aq.
FLOOR COVERINGS =
TIm Hnh W
W. & J. SLOANE
v . For 75 Y?an
Hm HUatakri . Strrica
Ike HifW Stufcrd W
. Eficicacy.
ISM H STREET N. V.
Tdephoit Main KS.
ALEXANDRIA
THfc HLltALD BL'KKAC.
A. ft. Dortpfc?m. ?
m KiM MH ?
Alexandria. Vs.. Sept 1-Moth ?
traffic here pracucally halted todn3a
in compliance with the request o ?
the Federal Fuel Admin la trator. 1' 2
wai noticeable that there were bu ?
few who did not comply with the re?J
quest. Jitney a. however. tranaportinf a
?oidiera and visitors to Camp Munv t
phreya and cara of physicians an< 2
othera on urgent business together ?
with a number of tourlata cara pave* ?
Ing through the city were about th*9
only motor cara on the atreeta. At I
public garagea were cloeed for U* J
day- . V
Persona accustomed to machinee if J
going to and from church walked f?l ?
the first time Sunday in many yeargj
The work of le*>u:ng permits to chtl** i
dren to attend the public a? nools wil ?
be commenced Monday. September 1 5
On Monday and Tuesday of that wHe
permits will be Issued to white cfcil *
dren and also to white children ot ?
Wednesday to attend the West Bni p
School. On Thursday and Friday per ?
mita will be issued to colored chil 5
dren. In addition to presenting a t?li
receipt every child u ho attends achcxJ J
will have to show a certificate'4^*
vaccination.
A dramatic entertainment wrill tf ?
given Thuradav ni?ht In the Lyceur 0
Hall under the auspices of the Wa a
Department Commission on Trmtnin J
Camp Activities., which will be undo i
the personal supervision of Barrett ll ?
Clark, dramatic director of Cam a
Humphreya. The playa acheduled t J
be presented are Richard Hardin ?
Davie* military drama. "The Zon ?
Police;" "Three Roguee and a ?
cal" and -Crooks." Several of th ?
i best sinpers snd players at the cam Z
will give selections.
A small frame house at the foot e e
Wolfe street was destroyed by fir ?
?hortly before 10 o'clock Isst night m
The f;re attracted a large throng. ?
Richard M. Chichester, for mart -
\ ears past employed as a seleema" J
for Chnrlee King and Son. Inc.. ha ?
entered the remount service. Qusrter J
master Corps, and left for Cam* ?
Johnston. Jacksonville. Fla.. las ?
night a
?
Bishop Charles Warren Currlei ?
former bishop of Matar.zss.. OiN B
today confirmed a large class st si ?
Rita's Catholic Church. Mount Hi a
Alexandria County.
Evelyn Miller. ? months oil ?
daughter of Mr. and Filbert Millet !
died this afternoon at her parent* P
residence. 9^6 Franklin street. Th-' J
funeral will take place at S o'cloc' 8
Monday afternoon from her parent! J
residence. a
?
A lawn festival and evening J
song and music will be given t?? i
morrow (Monday) evening on ttv ?
lawn of St Joeerh's Catholic Chnrrt- a
Columbus and Wythe streets Til '
ent from Washington will parttci ?
p*t*.
E3 i
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