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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, September 04, 1918, Image 4

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The Washington Herald Company,
425-427-429 Eleventh Street. Phone Main 3300
CLINTON T. BRAINARD.President and Publisher
New York. Tribune Building: Chicago. Tribune Building; St. Louis.
Third National Bank Building; Detroit. Ford Building.
Daily and Sundsy, 30 cent? per month; S3 SO per year.
Daily and Sunday. 45 cents per month; 15.00 per y?ar. Dally only,
35 cent? per month: 14.00 per yeafr.
Entered at the postoffice at Washington. D. C, a? second-class mall
Czecho-Slovaka Rightly Recognized.
Formal recognition of the Czecho-Slovaks as a belligerent gov
ernment, and fothe Czechoslovak national council as the de facto
government, was made yesterday by the United States. Thus wc
have extended the official hand of friendship to a people, now under
the heel of Austria-Hungary, but one of whom thousands are fighting
the cause of the allies all the way from South Central Europe to
Vladivostok. The Czechoslovaks have been a brave and fearless
people in the face of Prussian oppression.
Volumes could be written about the tragic history of the Czecho
slovaks in their battle for liberty, but their cause and loyalty could
not be more truly expressed than in "The Solemn Declaration of
the Czecho-Slovak People to the Republic of the United States 01
America and its Great President, Woodrow Wilson," made last
July 4.
This pledge read in part:
"We, loyal Czecho-Slovaks of America, bowing in reverent re
spect before the majesty of your people, bending our heads before
the memory of your greatest sons, Washington and Lincoln, stand
with all the might we possess behind you and your President, greet
ing in him your great new morning.
"We came here from the land of suffering and oppression. It is
on this account that we hailed America like a rising sun after the
dark night of humiliation. And she received us?poor, unknown,
insignificant. She received us, and her sun warmed us from the first
moment we set our foot on her soil?the big sun of a freer, happier
life than that we had lived in our oppressed native land. ? ? ?
"In our blood and in the beating of our hearts we bore the
sacred law of freedom, democracy and brotherhood. It was on this
account that our hearts understood the soul of this Great Republic.
? ? * *
"It was the voice of a man speaking the message of God's bright
est angel:
"'The world must be made safe for democ/acy! The nations
shall determine their own destinies. They shall rise from the graves
of centuries to do the work of God, which is the work of man, in
the language of their mothers and in the traditions of their race.'?
"Thus spoke the man?Woodrow Wilson. Thus, through him,
spoke the whole American nation. Thus spoke God, who has His
beginning in the hearts of men and His end in the eternity of worlds
and days.
'Strengthened by the might of his glorious courage, our brothers
in old country gave their death pledge, April 13, 1918, within the
?alls of their ancient cap?tol:
" 'And in firm, unshakable faith in the final victory of right over
night, freedom over slavery, democracy over privilege and truth over
alsthood, we raise our hands today, on the threshold of new era of
world's history, and, by the dear memory of our fathers, before the
eyes of the resurrected nation, and at the graves of our fallen, in
great harmony of our souls, we promise for today and for all the
future: We will remain where we have taken our stand. We will
keep on till we win!'" * * * *
Not Until Then.
We should beware of peace talks now. Rather let us continue
talking war. Peace talk has its origin in Germany, and it is the sort
of peace that one may expect issuing from beyond the Rhine while
Germany holds even one foot of conquered territory. It begins and
ends with: "No indemnity, no annexation."
That is not now a basis for peace.
We find a better foundation for peace set forth in a new book
entitled, "What We Must Know to Win," written by a very thought
ful Frenchman, Andre Cheradame. He says:
"To the lying German formula, 'no annexations, no indemnities,'
the allies must oppose the democratic formula, that is to say:
"Expiation for crime.
"Reparation for damage.
"Guarantees against a renewal of war.
"Expiation, reparation, guarantees?these three words constitute
the formula of common sense, of justice, and of truth."
Until Germany comes across with peace talk based on her ex
piation, reparation and guaranty, we shall have to go on fighting?
fighting harder than ever before, for no other peace will be more
than a scrap of paper and will be-merely a forerunner of another
and even more horrible war.
Knowing German rulers we do not believe they will accept such
peace terms until driven to their lair?until blood is shed on German
Mi! and the West front in east of the Rhine.
Therefore, on with the war, and on to Berlin!
It isn't a piece of peace we want
Profiteers need a broadside of publicity.
As you may have noticed, Heinie can goose-step backward, too.
'Tis true, Bill Hohenzollern never raised his six son? to be sol
Maybe the Huns are trying to reach Paris by running round the
r Old Hindenburg may be laying out his line Unter den Linden
in another year.
Better lend (September 28) to Uncle Sam (September 28) than
pay the Kaiser.
Beggared he crept unto my door
And there, beneath the drifting moon,
I saw his ravaged, leprous face.
His thorn-rent hands, his bloody shoon
"This is the end," he said, "and naught
Is left that even Christ could save;
This body spent and stained with sin
Not all the ocean's "blue can lave."
I drew the heart from out my breast;
I wrapped him in its yearning flame
Then from his spirit's golden ore
There fell away the dross, the shame
And with my tears I washed his feet,
I bound white peace about his head;
And knelt in loving awe to see
His soul awake as from the dead.
The wind whose song had slept, the trees.
The dreaming willows by the shore.
Brought back to him the Voice of Cod
He thought was dumb iorevermore.
The moon unfurled a silver sail
Like ship on blessed errand bent.
And bearing all his past away
Slow o'er the night's deep waters went.
?G. O. Warren in The Living Church.
I Scott Ferris did not wait until next
, week or the week after to wield a
strong brush tn the painting of the
1 campaign slogan. He gave careful
? consideration to the matter Just as
t soon as the effects of Congressman
Rodenberg's speech had gone around.
The result, while it may be comment
ed upon here and there, is really up
to the people and It will be the
voters of the fall who pass upon it
once and for all.
The advantage Is decidedly with the
Democrats?and for the same reason
that It. waa with the Republicans for
so many years in this nation. They
are In control of the war, the war is
of the making of all. and has the vUr
orous support of all, but the responsi
bility of conducting it, after all. Is
t upon the Democratic part and Ita
members will naturally be expected to
claim and to receive their reward for
It. Part of that reward must be re
election to office, particularly to mem
berships in Congress.
There has been a non-partisanship
about this war which has been most
commendable nnd wise. There could
be no partisanship if we were to be
? successful. There is no disputing this
And the first to see the necessity of
j bringing all men and women into war
1 work of one kind or another?service
In the trenches or at the benches
were the leaders of the Democratic
party. ut Just as the Democrats
must gain something because of their
conduct of the war they must not
claim the monopoly on patriotism.
They can go so far and no farther In
. this. They can win with discreet
! management where they are entitled
to, but they cannot expert to gain if
they become indiscreet and overbear
ing in their war claims. The people
have money and blood tied up In this
war as they have never had It tied up
in any other war. They are going to
watch all places where public activ
ity Is to their disadvantage. The peo
ple want service to the end that the
war may be concluded with a German
defeat. Everything else diminishes at
an appalling rate in relation to that
An adjournment of Congress from
I late this month until after the fall
! elections might work irreparable
I harm upon our cause. There are
those on the hill who think this
would he the case. There are
? others who Insist a fall vacation
, would be helpful.
If the fall rest Is decided upon
the Senate finance committee will
! have to work during the interim and
ithen the big war revenue bill will
[ not be offered for final approval of
? Congress until after the fall elec
tions. This would unquestionably
. leave a small number of the mem?
? bere, at least, to paas upon It after
! the political ax had fallen upon
their heads. This phase of the prob
! lem makes some folks believe that
it is unwise to delay consideration
of the big measure and certainly
unfair to those varying classes of
individuals and businesses which
must contribute as a result of the
provisions of the bill.
It is not an answer to this claim
to argue that every other year num
bers of members have to pass upon
important legislation between the
time they are defeated and the time
they actually retire from office The
revenue legislation this fall gives
them an unusual opportunity to
vent their spite on individuals ana
concerns which may have opposed
their re-election.
To offset this, of course, there 1*
the argument of those who say that
if Congress went ahead with the
legislation the members might not
be prepared to levy taxes with the
same freedom that they would after
election day had passed. This clas?
thinks the members would act more
freely and more fairly after their
names had been voted upon, than
when their action on the revenue
bill was apt to be an active con
sideration in their retention or re
jection as Congressional members.
So far as we are concerned there
are interesting phases of both conten
tions. On the whole, we believe, the
I majority of the members of both
j houses?a sufficient number to deter
. mine the fate of the legislation?will
act without respect to what the voters
do or do not think of them. We be
I Heve the needs of the hour will Im
press themselves upon the majority of
the members so they will meet the sit
uation with the same ?spirit our men
abroad meet it when the order is given
to go "over the top." There is no
other spirit members can well exhibit
at a time like this?even if they want
to come hack and sit again where
they are now siting.
E. C Pierce, a Rhode Island man
who Is seeking the govenorshlp of his
state, adds a curious contribution to
current political history. He says In
his statement of candidacy that if he
Is nominated it 'must be with the
single condition that he constitutional
reforms I have advocated and the
method of securing them be made in
substance the party platform."
This is the method laid down by W.
Jennings Bryan and other reform
agents of the country who have sought
to perform the work of party dictators
along with other duties which they
felt they should assume. It Is proba
bly a step to accomplish, but It appar
ently pre-supposes that the members of
the party are woefully Inactive and
devoid of initiative and Ideals. A man
who endeavors to press home such de
mands upon his party takes it for
granted that he alone of his party
senses the public need?? and that he
alone is cspable of suggesting or even
directing how the public needs must
be met.
Most parties In most of the States
have lsld aside this demagogic way
of doing things. There was a day
when one could do It and win. There
was a day. in fact, when It appeared
one was compelled to do this if he
expected to he popular with his fel
low men. But that day has passed
The people by common counsel can
do more than a dictator. Moreover.
the people like to have some hand
In their affairs and they do not be
lieve they can do so if they allow
men to dictate both their Ideas and
their methods of performance to
The appearance of the war revenue
bill yesterday means that both in
dividuals and business concerns of
the country will take some time to
study It and to see how it comports
with their ideas of taxation.
At the outset we must warn the
people that It probably will not meet
their ideas as other revenue bills
have done. It Is too drastic?if that
is what we should call It?but this
should not drive us ayay from the
main thought. Our present condi
tion requires drastic ledslation We
are not In need of a peace revenue
bill but a war revenue bill. War
takes money?lots of it?and the peo
ple must, pay. We have been hold
ing our dollars largely In reserve
now we must let them out onto the
firing line. Our ideas of peace legis
lation tn financial lines must/ be put
| aside?war ts what we must think
of day and night until we win de
I cisively and conclusively. We can
j resort to our peace ideas o* revenue
legislation after that time comes
But we are in war now and it will
take war legislation to lead to vic
I-*t us all hear this Io mind, than,
while w? ara looking ovar the pro
Army and Navy News
Questions have arisen as to the
rates of pay to which commissioned
officers of the National Guard on the
active list belonging to organizations
participating In the apportionment of
the annual appropriations for the
support of the National Guard are en
titled to while serving as staff officers,
aides de camp, and Chaplins, the
auditor for the War Department held
that a regimental adjutant below the
rank of a captain Is entitled to the
pay of a captain and that staff officers
or aides de camp helosv the rsnk of
raptaln are entitled to the pay of
their rank as second or first lieuten
ants. Th? comptroller haa.approved
the decision and says:
In the army of the United States
the regimental stafT officers consist
of the regimental adjutant and the
regimental supply officer, and they
are appointed from the captains by
the regimental commander (par. 24S.
'army regulations, 1913. 19171.
I Under the provisions of the statute
| correctly quoted by the auditor U|?
' [egtmental adjutant on the active list
of the National Guard for the service
described In said statue Is entitled
(regardless of his rank! to pay at the
rate of $500 per year, being the same
pay as That therein prescribed for a
?? aviator interned or captured is
neither In the position to fly nor per
form duty In connection with flying.
and is held not entitled to the 5? per
cent increase of pay. At the most,
his detail to aviation duty might not.
under the provisions of general order
No. S37. be considered as not "held in
It has also been held by the comp
troller that a qualified aviator who
had not performed flights because of
damages wrought by a hurricane was
not entitled to the additional pay dur
ing a non-flying period.
Th? comptroller hol-is that an of
ficer examined for promotion, fuund
disqualified, and subsequently ordered
retired, to date back from occirrini
of the vacancy to which he wo-ild
have been promoted had he been
found qualified. 1? entitled to active
duty pay of the lower grade until the
receipt by him of the notice of his
The War Department authorizes the
following statement:
The War Department has leased for
the duration of the war the 'Print
ing Crafts Building." at 461 Eighth
avenue. New York City As far asj
possible all War Department branch
offices In New York will be, house! ]
in this building.
The Printing Crafts building Is
twenty-three stories high and will]
make available ?.??00 square feet of i
office space. It is now principally or-1
cupled by printer? ?nd allied Inter-!
este. Corsent of the tenants to re
llnquish their space was Riven by a '?
committee representing them In the:
negotiation. They have agreed to
place their srace at the disposal of
the department with the least possiMe
The amount of the lease will be de
termined by the War Department
Board of Appraisers, who w-lll also
I determine the damages to be allowed '
1 the tenants because of giving up their
j leaseholds.
It is estimated by the real estate
I section of the General Staff that at
I least SIT.nrn ?ill be saved In the first
year of the government's ocoupsnrv
j of the building over the amount now
paid for floor space by the depart
I nients to be moved Into the printtng
Crafts Building. After the first year
the annual saving to the government
is estimated at 3:37.000.
The rrintlnc Crafts Building Is cen
trally located at Eighth avenue and
Thirty-fourth street, being within a ?
short distance of the Grand Central !
Station and the Pennsylvania Sta- ;
tlon. and near the Seventh avenue
I subway and the Ninth ?venue ele- '
| va ted line. It is owned by the 4SI-:
j eighth Avenue Company. Inc., the
| principal stockholders being John and
I Edward Larkin.
The negotiations for taking over :
the building were completed within
j twenty days from the time the com
pany was first approached by gov
ernment repr?sentatives The Gen
eral Staff had the active co-opera
tion not only of the owners of th?
Building, hut of hundreds of tenants
No announcement has yet been
made of the promotions to the,
grade of major general and briga-:
dler general in the army mediceli
corps, which were provided for In;
the last appropriation act. IJeut - '
Col Raymond P. Sullivan. In charge
of the surgical division in the sur
geon general's office and a promi
nent surgeon In ?Ivi! Ufe. has been
visions of th? new revenue legisla
tion. The Kaiser doesn't care how
much he spends?we cannot put up
any more stringent bonds against
the unloosening of our floods of
I money. It will be one flood against
! the other?and the flood of men to
? acompany It?so here Is to the new
I revenue net, and may it do all that
? it should.
Col Roosevelt Is coming hark. Th?
?vldenres of It ?re numerous. But
whether the colonel has ambitions to
rematch his returned popularity 1?,
quite another question. His friends
say he has not. If this is true it '
mav mean the recasting of the Re- .
? publican party to find someone who
| will make suitable timber for the
Presidency?someone, naturally, who
? meets the colonel's approval. One
? ?ource of th? colonel's clImMng popu
] themselves. This Is the most signlfi
? cant aspect of all. to the mind? of
the colonel's friends hereabouts. It
means a rower which Is bound to he
, more.permanent than the other? ami
which will gain perceptibly during
j the n?xt two years.
made a full colonel, and MaJ
Franklin P. Martin, chairman of
the committee on medicine and san
itation of the Council of National
Defense, has also been promoted to
Blanks for the use of physicians and
surgeons throughout the country
hai e been prepared, and will shortly
be distributed to the local organiza
tions of the Council of National De
fense, for membership in the volun
teer medical service corps, which was
fully described In this paper laat
week. As heretofore stated, the
corps has adopted an insignia which
will be worn by all its members. Dr.
Franklin Martin, chairman of the
committee on medicine and sanita
tion of the Council of National De
fense, has been Instrumental in per
fecting the organization, which is
controlled by a central governing
board composed of the surgeons gen
eral of the army, navy and public
health service and other prominent
officials and medical men. It Is the
earnest desire of the central govern
ing board that every doctor in the
country, man or woman, promptly
execute the blank prepared and send
it in to the board at the Council of
National Defense in Washington at i
once. The board will thus be enabled:
to classify the members of the med-;
teal profession and to place doctors
where needed, either in some branch
of the military service or In civil
practice If an assignment Is deemed
All Army aviation fields will short
ly be equipped with a flying ambu
lance. Following the successful 0T^~
rptlon of the first ambulance plane
nt Garnster Field. aLke Charles. La-.
Cenerai Kenly. commanding the di
vision of military aeronautics, has
had all flylng-fleld commanding of
ficers supplied with photographs and
drawings of this new emergency air
carrier, with orders to complete the
oqutpr*?nt at once. The nine Texas
fields have already finished their
equipment. The airplane ambulance
is used In reaching scenes of acci
dents oecuring at a distance from the
flylnar field hospitals and In localities
di frit ul t to reach quickly with auto
mobile ambulances. It la In turn fol
lowed hy an automobile ambulance
hy t oad or overland as fast as pos
sihle. A standard training plane Is
Ur-ed for the new airplane ambulance
with the rear cockpit cleared and en
larged sufficiently to permit of a com
bination stretcher-seat that allows
the injured man to rest easw He la
slightly propped up with his head to
ward the pilot and his feet and lega
extending into the fuselege. The pa
tient Is securely strapped fn and
made quite as comfortable n? In
regular ambulance. The real value
o* the plane is Its sp*ed. but it also
assures a far more gentle and com
fortable trip than Is to be had in a
rolling and humping automobile.
Camp Meigs Q. M Band Plays at
Government war workers had music
with their luncheons when the Quar
termaster Corps Band from Cam-"?
Meigs played on the lawn on the
KUIpse, near the Corcoran Art Gallery.
yesterday noon.
This is the first of a series of half
hour concerts that this band will give
ench Tuesday and Thursday from 12:30
until 1 o'clock for the enjoyment of
several thousand government workers
of the nearby office buildings. The lo
cation selected for the con<ertr? will
make it possible for the war workers
from the State, War and Navy Build
ing, the Depot Quartermaster Annex,
the Treasury Annex, the Civil Service
Commission, the Food Administration
and the National Headquarters of the
Red Crosa to attend. There are more
than lO.pno workers in this group of
The Army Ordnance Department
announced last nicht that ihr. St.
T.oul? District Ordnance Office.
Headquarter? for the recently es
tablished St. Lou!? District, has been
opened The office I? on the tenth
floor of the Equitable Building. St.
Louf?. Mr. ? E. Slnpletnn rs Dis
trict Ordnance Chief for the St.
Louis District.
ON A Brick ?%
f\NV hlrSCT -1
New Tork, Sept. t.?
Every time I pick up
A popular magasin?
And see a summer giri
Lolling about In a hammock
Looking ?t limousin? ad?.
And eating fudg?.
Or ?e? ? prim? donna.
Knapped out walking.
With h?r favorite dog
Or favorita husband.
A? th? cas? might be.
I am ?uftocated
With * burning deal??.
To don a Palm B??ch suit.
And ? wld? Panama.
And lavender a aa
And carry a bamboo cane.
And visit s photographer.
And yesterday morning.
I obeyed th? call.
And dre???d sll up.
Ltk? Aitor'? pet hors?
In my Palm Beach ?ult
And what go?? with It.
And thre? block? from home.
It started to pour.
And I wish I could.
Find a friend.
Who would ?tick to me.
I.Ik? a wet Palm Beach *utt.
I'd give up this life.
Of toll. (Laughter )
This wa? th? most bashful.
Palm Beach suit.
I ?ver u?.
One touch of rain.
And It began to shrink.
And as I walked along
Clerks In the shops
Began making bets.
That the cuff? of my pan'.:.
Would reach my knee?.
Before I reached.
The next corner.
And the red hat band.
On my rskiah Panama.
Started to run.
Down my back.
And I heard some on?
"He'? been knifed:"
And a truck driver yelled:
"Xo ?ueh luck."
So I got In a closed cab.
And drove home.
And got a shoe horn.
And undressed myself.
Opposed to Stand Taken by U? S.
Chamber of Commerce.
Findings of the Federal Trade Com
mission relative to livestock
meat packers are warmly upheld
by the livestock producer?. In spite,
of criticism by the rhamber of
Commerce, according to the National
Board of Farm Organir-iti^ne.
"The United States Chamber of
Commerce Haa written President
Wilson preferring- gia^?= charges
against th? Federal Trade Commii?
sion,'' said Charles Lynian, secretary
of the National Board, yesterday.
"The National Board of Farm Or
ganizations, representinc several
million farmers, at th*1 convention in
thl? city last week went on record
as heartily concurring in the recom
mendation of the Trade ?"ommission
with respect to the packers asd
urged their adoption.
"The National Board of Farm Or
ganization* will ask President Wil
son to act with extreme care In
weighing the judgments of these
two great organisations.
Universty Issues Special Booklet
with Names of All Serving.
Georgetown University now has 1,551
students and graduates tn uniform,
according to a report made public yea
terday by the Rev. Peter V*. Master
son, S. J.. of the university faculty.
Of this number 1,235 men of the Blue
and Gray are in the army. The army
list Is divided among 4 generals, 14
colonels, 39 majors. 73 captain?, 479
lieutenants, 96 student candidate?, 178
non-commissioned officer? and 340
The university haa 264 men in the
naval service, divided as follows: 1
rear admiral. 111 lieutenants, 5* petty
officer?, 37 student candidates and >C|~
seamen. The Marine Corps ha? fi?
men, of which number 3 are major?. 3
captains, 21 lieutenants, I candidates
and 33 privates.
The university has Just Issued a spe
cial booklet, giving the names of all
Georgetown men In the service, th?
location of their command and their
B> Jeka KennVtrfc Rang?,
FOR rsK.
The Dictionary's full of splendid
That rightly us?d will win immortel
For him who takes them and hi?
?plvit girds
To battle for the victory of a name.
And you and I have faculties within
That used as words are used by
Poeta sreat
Th? highest gifts that Fortune holds
will win
In yonder golden Nales where 'aurels
I (<*t?ra?to. lati.?
Local Pedagogues Stick to .Lobs, Though
Higher Salaries Offered in Government
Work; Some Return to Schools.
A* yet very few redrnetion? have
been received by *chool authoritle?
from teacher? It ha? been feared
that a sreat many would realgn b<
cauae cf the higher Mlerle? paid
for war work.
"They have three more wee?? In
which to make up their mind?." *al<S
tb* ?ecretary. "We do not expect
that many will realgn at the laat
minute before school open?, but that
of courae 1? within the rang? of
Critici??? e? ?yete?*.
There he? been some criticism.
ID view of the possibility of a ahort
age In teacher?, ef the long and In
volved proce?? that obtain? from
the aignlng of an application to Um
*ccept?nce of * position aa a teach
er The examinations for teacher?
do not take place until late In the
fall and then those who receive the
htghlcat average will b? given posi
However, this ye*r the whole out
put of the Norm?! School will he
utilised, and undoubtedly mort will
be needed besides.
However surprising It may be ??
view of the email salaries ?*??
school teachers to start, compared
with the ?alarles paid aven Ine*
perienr.-d clerks in the government
service, that any would w.*r 10
iesv- that servie*? and becomt a
school teacher, yet several applica
tions have been roeeJTod from your.?
women, former teachers out la th?
States nom? in the government serv
ice, who wish ta return to their pro
fession by teach:n?; school tn Wash
"X like teaching so nv.i< h better
than my present work." said one,
"At present I am doing such me
chanical work merely sorting carda.
I feel like a tiny cog in a groat
big monotonous work. To be sure its
war work and its monotony should
be endured for the sake of patriot
ism, but teaching is war work also.
The children of people in the a*ov
ernment servie?? need to b? taught
and 1 feel that 1 would fit In bet
ter as a t*Tfcer.
Greatest Output in History of World Now
Being Produced; America Becomes Biggest
Shipbuilder; U-Boats Frustrated.
Ckalrman of ihr l nlti-rl Statua Shis
pi??? Baard.
Every American soldier going to
France these days may tarry' this,
message to the advancing front lines,
of his fellow countrymen and their
alli?e?that the allied cry of "Satp?! ;
ships' and still more ship?!" la beinic
answered by the greatest output or
ship? In the history of the world.
A year ago the l*-boat wa? perhaps
the most effective weapon in the Ger- |
man repertory. Today its power for
evil haa been greatly lessened.
Haa G-Boat. Are Fees hi
The allies have made their fi?zht
against the t'-boat? along these three
outstanding lines:
They have developed a ?acce?fai
offensive campai m against t hem
have sunk, to date, a considerable1
part of the German undersea f.?*et
They have perfected an Impenetrable
defense of convoying vessels
They have Increased the production
of ships materially over the destruc
tion of them.
80 that today France and England.
Instead of being starved into ?ub
mission, as the Germans planned to
do, are assured of a constant move
ment of supplie? to them from this
country. Ships from American ahlp
yards. tn rapidly increasing numbers.
maintain an unbroken line of com- .
muntcations for our own expanding
army in France. I^ess end less the
submarine becomes a determining
factor in the war.
Showing clearly th? comparison
the submarine makes with the
American shipyard, here are ?ome
official f?g-ure? of th*? shirring board.
There were completed in this coun
try during the last yiaf 577 sea
roing reaaola, totalling 1.71?.121
deadweight tons Only four of these
y easels ? only 30.151 deadweight
ton-??ha\e been sunk. All sinkings
of American vessels this year, put
together, total ]e?e than one month ?
oi'put of sh;ps In the United State?.
In one short year America has
become the greatest shipbuilding
country In the world. Our ship
yards are already building ships
enough to warrant the ?tat em*? ? ?
that the American army In Franco
will be supplied with all the oceau
transportation that it require?.
Three tons of shipping in constant
operation are figu: <-d on to main
tain a soldier overseas.
frnri? IS MIIHen ???*.
The shipbuilding program ' "v I
United States call?? for the conatruc
tion of i5,?00.Go? tons? enough f>
sustain 5.000.000 men tn France
This total will be increased as the
fchipyards get moie and more under
Since April. 1917. our sea-ffolng
shipping has evpanded to ftiir'v
R.Gf'O.ngo tons. The monthly output
of ships In this enti ? try now ? \ -
ceeds that of any other country. In
June it was nearly joo.Ofio tons. **m
July 4-?one day?the launching?
totalled nearly =.00.001 ton? And
there Is every indication that be
fore the end of the > ear this coun
try will be producing 5.00.000 tons s
month?enough every month. In
other words, to maintain tt?
an army corpi Ml ?th? firing line.
Dr. Harry Garfield Will Order Chimneys
Swept for Jolly Old Man from North Who
Says He Will Help Win War for I'. S.
Santa C?a us. who was declai ed
an enemy alien by the Council of
National Defense on June 7 and
barred appearance In this cuntry
for the duration of the war, has
been reinstated in his Americnn
? citixenship for the coming holiday
at least, and will greet his many
boy and girt friends with hi? big
pack of gifts only slightly dimin
ished from prev.ou? years.
The United State? Chamber of
Commerce gathered a committee of
Santa's special agents, toy dealer?
and manufacturer?, who failed on
the coun-.il in his behalf, and lo.
he is in good standing again.
Garfleld Proved Frlead.
If the Fuel Administration is su
cessful in getting all the chimneys
cleaned of their soot so they'll heat
better, then Ssnta should have
happy night. the night before
Christmas. For there'll be toys for
all the little boy? of the soldiers
lighting abroad, and toys bigger
and better than ever for the little
boys whose fathers are working ini
ship yards and munition plants.
There'll be soldier suits and guns !
for the little boys who salute the
flag and doll soldier* with guns
and drums for the little girls.
He'll have to take them around to
every one and his nice n-w salt of
furs, that he puts on way up in the
north each Christmas ev*- before
climbing into his sleigh, won't be
all soiled and blackened by the
dirty chimneys For once the chim
neys ?ill be clean.
Joae OfffR*l,c Offset.
Santa's repatriation Mini this
way. The Council of National De
fense announced in June that "it 1?
its belief that Christmas giving,
which involves the purchase of
gifta should be discouraged a? re
lieving to that extent the present
heavy burden placed upon labor,
transportation, and other resources
of the nation, and also as being in
harmony with the previous an
nouncement of the council urging
thrift and economy upan the coun
But the toy makers and friends of
Santa apparently went right on with
I their regular work, and then called
| on the council to ?how it that Santa
I ara? a good fellow and wouldn t dis
I1 organize the war program As a re
sult the council yesterday ?aid:
"It is found that the manufacture
Rock Point and Leonardtown
M?, foam??!??? f?r
Colonial Beach, Va.
Us lb? ??isiisic? F??i Meter I.Is?.
All Wltals SV, H?or? of
Full lnform?tlon r?rardln?
rout??, rat?? and sch^dul??., call
Franklin Jtll. OITIc? and wait
ing room. ?U G St N. W.
General tltmirr
of goods for the r ? lay? baa
been substa-itisllv 'hat th?
ti ansi-oi lation of th? poods to the
point of sale is si- * me ami
that much of th? ?*ed for
Christmas pu > m the
manufacture nt toys. the mast*?
material det.
of manu':.. I
Prevent < hrlat-sit Rush.
"The retan interest ? hav? - ?. :
not to Inci-ase their working *
by reason of ti-e holiday huelneas over
the avenge force employed through
out O yea . and not to ine??
normal u:> of (Jm
durine I m ? ->?? Tliev als">
a?roe to use tli? ir utmost e'
confi'ie CI girine, except for
ve: ? youtig cl ' reel, t?? useful a" ? ?
nti<) to spi*?ad the period for hoi day
purchases over The mon'hs of October.
No\ ? m be r find December.
"The retili merchants have agreed.
in order to relle\e the transportation
faciline? of the country from a con
gestion in the lutter half of Decem
ber, to restrich deliveries and to pa
duce t ust o mei s to cai ry their own
packager wherever possible
"They will make announcement of
these plans In thei*? advertisli-kg .
In September and will repeat it week
ly thereafter."
Vire le Santa Claus"
The British Board of Ar
has appointed a committee to ?tud?
the Mfe habits of the houev l?ee ???
investigate the epidemic diseases of
the bee. Bee raising is advocated as
an occupation for partially disabled
Tornea Scvjar?, Now York City
Just off F- .-warst 1?-113 West ?6th St.
IH B'.ocV? from 4Mb Hreet Ratinaw
to Grand Central Aaatioa.
Wofflfo wi.1 &??
her? a home ?*?
Biotphere and
? ??elice of otv
Wcttotooblc f ?
ture?of ordinar)
40 Theatre?. ?"
riocipal aSop?.
to a aaiDUM?
1 mb-mira of ?II
lUiivii}!. "?,"
roads, Mofare
cara, bm_ linea.
An rare ?lent
ft e?..* urani, at
"U?mfi C..,mr
AN On'- de*oem?
Withnd>o<ning balk - - fro? ?1 ?
With private bath fro?n fcLOO
bitting room bedsaom. bath, from ?M OP
Furnished Apartment* by the year,
tnotjih or ?eel?., at apecial tntea.
Iatmond L. Cassou., Pre?, and Mkr
TRAYMORt ATlwrcrrr

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