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Today?Fair; slowly rising tem perature. Tomorrow?Fair. Highest temperature yesterday, 69; lowest, 60. ?MassMMMIk B S PATRIOTfC-se? mimi?! ? efficiently. Whan you him fin ished reading yon,- copy of The WMhJBajlna Herald, hand it to atoase pernon ?ho bat Dot astata oat Mai? each copy do oombi* duty is wartju.? and h?up uri paper. NO. 43.34. WASHINGTON. D. C.. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1918. Wa.1 ?Ci 'l-'aCaU.t Jl KHarwtteT. ?j-aera? C,???. BRITISH MENAGE SAINT QUENTIN; CAPTURE OF HAM IS IMMINENT STATE OF SIEGE BERLIN DECREE DUE TO UNREST Fine or Imprisonment for Rumor Spreaders New German Order. CONSOLATION OFFERED Fight Not ?a Germany, Says Ludendorff, So People Should Be Glad. Amsterdam, Sept 6.?A decree si-Tned by Gen. von Linsingen, commandant of the Brandenburg province, according to the Col ogne Yolks Zeitung, places the city of Berlin and the province of Brandenburg under "the law re lating to a state of siege, which provides lor a fine or imprison ment for persons inventing or cir culating untrue rumors calculated to disquiet the populace." A notice accompanying the de cree calls attention to the circu lation of frivolous and sometimes malevolent and traitorous gossip, exaggerating the transitory suc cesses oi the enemy and casting 'doubt upon Germany's powet for an economic resistance and de preciating the wonderful achieve ments of the German troops who, it declares, arc victoriously with standing the enemy. ?.ret1 'r ' . - ? r ? - ? >'?'??.?. G-n. von I.ni.sin-.- ? expresses tbe h..pe mat this admonition wilt ?uf ' ?ee astat that it will not b? nect?? ?ary to < afrore? its? deer???. The .Volks Zeituaf.? aid? that similar decrees have been Issuer) In Eres iati and other cities, all operativ? Immediately. Vienna newspapers received here continue to print Interviews with Field Martha 1 von Hindenburtr ard fien. Ludendorff. the latest arpear me in tin Keuee Wiener Journal and ?? Est. ?Thai war has no?r been concen trated upon French tarritory." Gen eral LodendorfT is a.noted as saying. **and by the enormous utilisation of troops and material? has assum ed prooprtion? which have thrown everything hitherto accompli??? J In the sbade. We thus tar have stood th? bitter struggle honorably, and are confident that we will con tinue to do BO. "We may all be thankful that the war, ln the form? it baa assumed, has oa the whole been spared u? in our home territory. The armies of th? Central Power? are ?afe ajuardltig their home?." -Issata??? Rama???'' a ll-a-d Copenhagen. Sept. ??Field Marshal von Hindenburg. according to a dis patch from Berlin, has Issued a pro clamation to the German people, de claring that the enemy. In addition to the armed offensive. Is conducting an offensive by printed matter con taining "most ineane rumor?" which are distributed in Switserland. Hol land, and Denmark, from which coun tries they are spread throughout the whole) of Ga-rmany. The field marshal warns the people "to be unonirtous against this enemy who firrhts with scraps of paper and rumora intended to sow dissension and disunion among ourselves and between us and our allies,'' and ex horta all Germans to remember "the?* poisoned craps" coma from Use enemy. Field Marshal von Hindenburg. whose vigor and fresh appearance are emphasised by the correspondents, said.: "The fact that th? Austrian offen sive on the Piave tvaa not carried out must not be taken too tragically. It certainly was not for lack of cour age, for the troop? fought iplendtdly. The reason must be sought ln the flooding of the Piave" "Persevere'' Watekwatrd. Th? field marshal said he looked with confidence to Albania and Macedonia, "while ln Palestine the Maglisti hai not succeeded with nu merous bloody attacks In shaking th? resistane? of the Turk?." He also referred to the Br|ti?h expe dition'in Perda and on the Murman coast of Russia, and then said: "Th? decisive battle for the Cen tral Powers, however, is taking place ?? th? Western front, where th? Central Power? ar? ?tending shoulder to ahoulder In a defensive battle. "It la true we ar? ?u?erlng grlev cusly from the war. but wa ?hau ? merge stronger from it. We shall return home after the glorious bat ti? to assure peaceful labor and then pluck the fruit of our fight. "To thin end th? watchword is 'persevere.' We may look serenely into tbe future." a. Waiter, a Shark Steak, And Weil Done, Please" X?*w Haven, C*?nii.?"Walter, a ?hark ?teak, and have it weil aJor..." may soon be heard amona; the popular Sound ?here rettcrte. Acaterlhaaj to re port? of ?he State Fiali aad Game Comanissiortars. dog- saark-, many of which created a ?care among bather? a few year? ago because they so .???y resembled the man-eaurs. ars ?Jeing ext?n?iv?l> csetd for food al?n?; CHICAGO GETS AERO MAIL. Max Miller Arrive? with First Cargo from New York. Chicago. Sept. ?.?Max Miller, the flr?t New York to Chicago aerial mail man, landed here tonight with forty pound? of letter? from New York at 6:j5 o'clock. The landing waa made at tha ground? of the war exposition in Orant Park. Thousand? were on hand to cheer him and formal receipt of the mall wa? ?riven by Capt. B. F. Upaner. TRANSPORT HIT NO LIVES LOST Mt. Vernon Torpedoed Ofi Coast of France?Details Are Still Lacking. The TJ. S. 8. Mt, Vernon. army tranaport, formerly the German liner Kronprinies?ln Cecilie, waa torpedoed Thursday by a German submarine about :oo mile? at aea from the French coast, fahe wa? homeward ^ound, and wa? able to return to port at fair speed. It la not known yet If there were any casualties. Information obtained at the Navy Department last night la confined to the contenta of a dispatch giving only meager details, but as tbe dispatch mention? no los? of life it I? believed by Navy Department officials that there probably wa? none. The Indication is also that the Mt. Vernon waa not damaged badly, aa tbe dlapatch states the vessel was able to return to a French port under a speed of fourteen knots. There were no troops aboard, a? the ship waa returning to America. Bla; ??a Kart The If' Vernon I? one of the biggest and fastest Teasel? in the transport ?ervice. She haa a gros? tonnage of 18.7.:. Her commander ia Capt. Douglas F. Dismukes. Aa the Kronprinzessin Cecilie, she waa the last of the German liner* at ?tea before internment. With a great shipment of gold abaard from America Intended for France, tbe Kronprinzessin had put oat from New York Ju?t before Gar many declared *ar on Franco. When word of the declaration of war reach,1 ed the vessel by radio, she wa? turned back and put Into the nearest port. Bar Harbor, Maine, whence all her passengers had to be returned to their embarking point by rail. Among these passenger? were the delegate? to The Hague conference. Peeretary Daniel? recalled yeater. day afternoon that the Kronprinzes sin Cecelie war the moat damaged of all the German liner? sabotaged by their crew.i by cider of Bernatorff lust before seizure by the United State?, and that the engineering work nccosnplierted in a quick restoring of the ?hip to ?ervice wa? one of the conspicuous feat? of American en gineering In the war. CHARGES HUSBAND'S LOVE STOLEN AWAY Alleging that a woman whom ?he named aa corespondent had not only stolen her husband? affection?, but had signed the questionnaire of hla wife when he ?va? drafted into the army as a member of Company C, Fifty-ninth Infantry. Mr?. Ruby TS. Neltzey brought suit for abso lute divorce yesterday In the equity court? againat Hammett D. Neltzey. whom ?he charges with misconduct and failure to provide. They were married at Alexan dria, V*., Sept. 21, 1914. and have one child. Archer Neitaey, who?? custody the mother asks. It Is averred in the complaint that ever since they were married th? husband ha? refueed to support hi? wife, compelling her to work In order to provide a living for her aelf and child, and even then ahe he? had to depend upon her parent?. U. Edward Clarke Is her attorney". BREWERS QUIT DECEMBER 1ST But Intoxicating Beverages Mav Be Bought Until June 30, 1919. Brewing operation! of all kinds will oease on Dec 1 by an order of the Food Administration. The reason for this is tint the President, the food, fuel end rail road administrators and tue Wat' Industries Board, have determined that the food, fuel and transporta tion which are utilized in th'.*? in dustry must be directed to essen tial war industries. V While this does not mean that no brewery products can be pur chased after that date. It does mean that no beer or other drinks can be manufacturer after that time. ?'?,????,????? Rider Paaaes. The emergency agricultural stimula tion bill with the bone dry prohibition rider. Anally rarsed the Senat ? late yesterday but not before a vote of record had been taken on the prohibi tion provision. Senator Kali, of New Mexico, asked for the record vote, and the prohil i tion amendment was approved by a vote of forty-five to six. The Senators who voted against the amendment were Brandaaree (Rep), of Connecti cut: Gerry (Dem), of Rhode Island; Phelan (Dem?, of California: Pomer ene (Dem), of Ohio: Ransdel] <Den.>. of Louisiana; and Underwood CDemi, of Alabama. Senator Ransdel!. after the vote had been taken, explained that he is heartily In favor of State and nation-wide prohibition, but that he could not vote for the measure be cause he believed It to be uncon stitutional and an Invasion of the police powers of the several States. This opinion, it appeared from debate. Is shared by many members of the Senate who believe that the provisions which will prohibit the manufacture, aale or importation of all spirituous, vinous and malt li quors from June "0. 1919. until the President, by proclamation, declares that demobilization has been com pleted, will not twithstand an at tack In the courts. Senator Rank head, of Alab.irna.-wko altered a perfecting? amendment today providing for compensation by the government for distilled spirits which may remain in- bond nfter the law tikes effect, declared his prohibition .leanin??, but said that the act which prohibit? the sale of spirita remai.: ine In bond Is conflscatory and there fore probably unconstitutional, and aafd he offered his amendment to cor. rect this fault In the bill and to pro tect the law from attack In the court*. The fact that there has been no de termined fight on the amendment by the opponents of prohibition in the Senate Is explained by some Senators , aa due to the fact that the anti-prohibitionists entertain doubts whether the President will approve the measure on account of the qucs , tion of Its constitutionality. Farmers* to Retaliate On Threshers, Organize Beilefontaine, Ohio.?When Fred C. Croxton, Ohio'? Food Commissioner, organised the thresher men and per mitted them to fix a schedule of prices. farmers In many places throughout the State, It is said, be came wrought up snd formed socie ties of their own The Phllomathean Threshing Company Is the name given to an organization of farmers on the Sidney pike, west of here. Dof Catcher Uies Motorcycle. The police of 7?uisville, Ky?, have found that a motorcycle outfit for dog catching Is more easily handled than a horse-drawn outfit. One now in use there, show?*, in the Popular Mechanics Magazine, consists of a two-wheel car containing a cage ani attached to the rear of a motorcycle. Accompanying the outfit Is a driver and a dog catcher equipped with a long-handled net. YANKEE HEROES ARE FIRST TO CROSS THE AISNE CANAL! With the American Forces Pursuing the Germans Between the Vesle and the Al.ne'. Sept .&\?The same Ameri can division that some weeks ago reached the Vesle first was also the first to puah Its advanced mounted patrols to the Alane Canal Is in the present pursuit of the Germans Further to the east an American dlvlaion. aa well aa French unit? on It? right, are being retarded by the Klfth Prussian Guards, who are throwing storm battalions into the fray, one by one. employing a heavy Indirect machine gun and field gun fire in the? region of Neurlval. Stlg Reaaataaee ?a Left. On th? left the Americans encoun tered tho ?tlffcst German resistance in the .juarries northwest of Baxoches. around Perles. German groups, cut off. fought to the end. Their doom came when Laombs were thrown on the tunnel entrances from- above. Corp. L,. A. Heckman and Private C. L. Brooks, both observers, crossed the Vesle on the heels of the combat patrols, unwinding telephone wire as they proctieded. ( Reaching the crest of the plateau west of Perles, the pair perceived vol leys of machine sun fire rising not far distant, and pretty soon they es pleti nine Germana Dropping their telephone reels. Heckman and Brooks unslung their rifles' and openeal firo Tho Gernikus promptly turned lall and made for the reclon north of the Plateau. The two Yankee observers followed right after them. Suddenly Ih?} ?.polirti half a dozen iiokl gray sold.ert crawling on hands n.vd knooe, heading in a diction where thny could ?ani the AmedeaUu. Quick as a flash Heckman turned around and "banged" away at this new group of Germans. He shot two of. them. The others ran. The pair climbed a tree from which they could observe the French cavalry and Amer ican mounted patrols bending north ward on the plateau. They ?potted a German machine gun whose crew was evidently hiding its time to enfilade the Franco-American patrols. They telephoned the new? back to the American heavies which in the next minute smashed the enemy nest. Just then a German airplane ap peared overhead and dropped a goodly number of bomb?. They rrisscd the tree, but broke the wire. Heckman calmly repaired them, and the two continued their observation work. Maeblae baa Toll Heavy. A Long Island machine gunner who escaped In the recent German attack on Fismettes relocated the machine gun position where he wa? stationed in that attack. He found i-i dead Germans in front of the position. They were still unburied owing to the constant Are. It Is estimated the Germans lost 200 In killed when they retook Fismette?. The Americans marched up the ravines from the Vesle equipped with ga.? masks, since the whole area Is ?till drenched with poison fumes. The roads are dotttd with craters caused by the American heavies. . I 'cad horses, messenger dogs and mules lay everywhere, giving fur ther evidence that the position? have not been occupied by Infantry fur some time, the sole defense con fisting in machine gun garrisons. CHRISTENS LAFAYETTE FIELD. Secretary of the Interior Pays Honor to Frenchman. New Tork, Sept. 8. ? "Lafayette Field" Is the new name of the flying field ln the Mount Desert National Park. It was fo named today by Sec rotary of the Interior Lane, who an nounced here tonight that he had given It the name in honor of the Frenchman whose birthday was cele brated today and In honor of the Lafayette Lscadrille. SIX DISTRICT - MEN WOUNDED Two Lieutenants and Four More Privates Added to Honor Roll. Six more names were added to Washington's roll of honor yesterday when two local officers and four pri vates were reported severely wound ed ln action. The men are Laieut. William W. Dodge. Jr.. 13? ? street northeast; Lieut. Thomas V. Barb, Berwyn, Md.; Private Ashley O. Du vail, 2501 Thir teenth street northwest; Joseph Lo corte, 923 Twenty-second street north west; Robert H. Tracey, Anacostia. and William J. Nickel. ?94 Fourth street northeast. I..cat. Dodge Carried Comrade. Lieut. Dodge la a hero of which his native city may well be proud?in the engagement in which he received his wound he carried a comrade fifty yards under heavy fire, while wound eei himself ln seven places. Tbe young officer was 23 years of age. and had spent the greater part of hi? life tn Washington. He re ceived hl3 commission at the Second I leaver ve Officers' Training Camp at Platteburg, and had been In France a year when he was wounded. His father ts William W. Dodge, ?r.. of this city. The second on the list, Lieut Thomas V. Barb, Is the son of Mr. ond Mr?. B. F. Barb, ef Berwyn, Maryland. fie was commissioned at the first officers' training camp at Fort kfyer. Va. and had also been In France over a year. He waa mar ried a short time before his de parture to Misa Josephine B. Gra ham, of "arkersburg, V'a. Vaiati. Ia Weaadett. A?hley Duvall at the time he received his wound was only 18 years of age. His parents. Mr. and Mrs. W. Clarence Duvall, have been notified that their youngest ?on waa wounded ln action on July 19. Private Dnvall was born In Galthersburg, Md., but has lived in this city for the past ten year?. He enllatedV In the District Guards when IB year? of age. and served on the Mexican border. He was called Into active service with the national army in April of last year, and was sent to France in December. a'aaag lull?, oa I.l.f. Joseph laocorte ha? two brothers In the service, one of whom has also been wounded. The brothers are Italians who came to this country nine years ago. Locorte enlisted In the army about five months ago, with his older brother. Vita I.ocorte. He was sent overseas several months ago. Private Robert Tracey Is one of the local boys who left with the Dis trict Guards a year ago. He enlist ed In the guard a year ago. and was sent shortly afterward to France. He Is 20 years of age. Mrs. John Nickel, mother of William J. Nickot. has been notified by the War Department that her son was wounded in action in June. Nlckol wa? 21 years of age, and had been a member of the Nailonal Guard at the time the organization was sent to Mexico. Ha went to France with his regiment last December. DISTRICT RIFLE TEAM MAKES GOOD SHOWING Washingtonians at Camp Perry Stand Highest in TryouU. Camp Perry, Ohio. Sept. 6?(Staff Correspondence) ? The Washington rifle team representing the District of Columbia at the national atenea here are making a wonderful ?howiny In their preliminary practice, having the live highest men on all the ranges to date. As computed tonight C. D. Perkins. Jr., stands first; Henry H. Loliear, second; F. Chisholm, third; R. V. Reynolds, fourth, and Kdward A. Strachen. fifth. On Wednesday a heavy gale began to l>low. culmin?t.ng In a cloudburst In which live Inches of rain fell, floot' tng the camp and causing great dis comfoit. In consequence there was no ?hooting of any kind on that day. Yesterday the weather moderated considerably, and In the 200 yarda competitive practice C. D. Perkins. Jr.. Sam Houston and F Chisholm made the maximum possible with scores of fifty each, while Just C. Jensen and A. G. Schmidt were close up with forty-eight each. The boys are all making good progress ln then practice shoots, and feel confident ot giving an excellent account of them selves when the big events ebgln, September 15. 37 GERMAN PUNES DOWNED. British Lose Thirteen Machines, Says London Statement, London, Sept. ?.-Thirty-seven Ger man airplanes were brought down by the British yesterday, the War Office announced tonight. The British lost thirteen machines. ' Three German captive balloons were sent down in flames. Twenty-one tons of bomhs were drootted on various German target?. VAST INCOME JUMPS IN U. S. TOLD IN HOUSE 1,000 Per Cent Increases in 3 Years Shown in Revenue Debate. FEATURES EXPLAINED Aspects of Big Income Tax Proposal Made Clear by Kitchin. Chairman Kitchin, of the Ways and Means Committee opened the debate on the $8,000,000,000 rev enue bill yesterday by givitlg to the House some startling figures showing how personal incomes in the United State? have swollen since the war. The figuret were taken at random from the secret records of the Treasury Depart ment. "It might produce a ?pirit of Bolshevism in the United States if I read too many of them," he explained. Mr. Kitchin read the list partly to justify the committee's action in imposing heavy supertaxes on all incomes in excess of $100,000 a year. He explained that the rates agreed upon by the commit tee wer? larger than those in-any country of tbe ivorld, whereas the rates on the smaller incomes would be much lower than those imposed by either Great Britain, or Trance. Oae Striking laataltt. One of the most striking Inttancea ? of the bla; Increase In personal In come since the war Degan, wa* given by Mr. Kitchin in the matter of Use Income? of the president, superintend ent and treasurer of a large manu facturing pipe concern. In 1914 th? income of the president of this com pany, according to hi? Income tax return, waa $8.341: In T9T7 it ?u $729. OOO; the superintendent's income lump ed from $4.347 In 1914 to t?3SJEtt in 1917, and the treaamer's income waa raised from JS.523 to $715.373. Ot'ier fleure? cited l>y liim for the purrsos? of comparison wore a? fol- j lows : Income In 1911 In 1917. 16.025.?112.11? ? ?3.5?.1115.123 16.75?.??45.S75 111.000.?3K.?W0 ?63,000.?rtt.OOO J?s.OOO.$546 000 Member? of the ricuse evinced considerable Interest in the rvad [ ins; of the figures. Representative 'arinon, of Illinois, inquired wheth I er a great many of these increases I did not arise from government war ?contract? from the government. Mr. Kitchin replied: "I would make a gnes? that prob ably moat of these individuals mak i ing in'?? enormous increate? In ? profit?, a large majority of them | at lea?t, had directly or Indirectly ? . war contract. That Is why we want to put the Income taxes high enoufgh to ft them." The rate? in the bill will take ! $647.000 from an income of ?1.000. 00O and leave $353.0"0. A person with a ?T..000 ono Income will have ? about ?l.&OO.ono left. Explaining Ulla feature of the hill, Mr. Kitchin ?aid that It w?s thought Inadvis able to Impose higher rate? on tbe | larger Income? for the following roosone: "First, men of such large Income? do not expend them on living ex pense?, but use them In expanding their buaine??. "Second, If the taxes are too high. men having these large Income? will Invest them In tax-free bonds anil thereby escapo taxation alta getii, r. ?'Third, they would dump their j securities on the market tf the j taxes were made oppressive an! thereby unstabilize the market.'' Mr. Kitchin explained at Icngtii the committei/s action in decidin, thnt Hie President. Supreme Court Jjstices atr.l other I'rtieral an-J State ?.(Tlcltiis ?lio.'d i*y incorno tax. He ?aid that, although the Constittuion prohibit? any diminu tion of the ?alarles of these offi I ciale durine; their term or office, a ? majority of the members believed I ?.hat an i:icome tax would not bo a diminution. <'omp.irl?n? of Flgnrra. "Tliir, bill ral?es twice a? much annual rev?tue as ;'i:s or any other natlon ever alternated to produce," Mr. Kitchen ?aid. "It |? more than three times the total of lion-!? issu.-d and taxes levied by the Federal gov ernment during the civil v.ar. ami $2,500,000.000 more than the total cost of that war. I ftn?ly r?.jteve that uic bill wil! ral=e the f ill eniount nce,v^? without ruining husince? or embar rassing a siiiRle individual. "I want every taxpayer to know that evv y tax Ite pays 1? soins '"te our treasury to help save the exis tence of thia government ?led to prcT serve his liberties and his Misino?*. The man not willinc. to contribute.to auch a c.tuse Is not a patriot. It I? not enough to say he is ?Tallin?: to do hi? bit. The titat? ha? come when ? every man must be willing to do hi? SWISS DISLIKE HUNS. Growing Hairtu Manifested in Com pliment to Wilson. The unpopularity of the Gemane In Switzerland is steadily increasing. but it has .a'*-iy been manifested ln a striking compliment to President Wilson, according to an official dis patch from Geneva ???estcrday. It says: "One of the great streets in Geneva is called Germans street?a name it owes to German merchant? who settled down in that quarter in former centuries. A committee has Juat been formed in Geneva to get the town to change the name of that street and give it President Wilson'a name." NICOLAI LENONE WEAKER. Bolshevist Premier Believed Scar ing Death, Says Report. London. Sept. ?.? Nicolat L?nine, the Bolshevist premier, who was shot by a woman would-be assassin some days ago. Is weaker, according to a wire less dispatch from Moscow. His tem perature la rising. His chances of re covery are said to have diminished owing to the great loss of blood dur ing the extraction of a bullet. 18 HUNS DEAD FROM TYPHOID 1 77 German War Prisoners Victims of Fever Epicfemic. Eighteen German prisoner? at the Internment camp at Hot tSprlngs. X. <.'., have died of typhuid in an epidem.c of 177 cases, the War Laepartro.-ni an nounced yesterday afternoon. ?11 the patient? hare been tr?n? feircd to Arn.y General Hospital No. il, at Blltniorc. N. C , and all remain ing pi.?oner? at tha; camp have be^-ii transferred to the interment camp at Fort Oglethoipe. Ga, The first report cf the typhoid among the German? tvrs received ba the surgeon general's office here Au gust 1, and an investigation wa? te gun at once. It waa found that tfce outbreak; of the allaeaa?? tanta due ?a? . sarplementary water ?upnly for toilet purposes fixtm wel'a. ulthough pre caution had been taken to ?terilire this supplementary supply. The Hot Springe camp waa turned over to the army in July for the tran?. ference of all prisoner? to the ramp ? t Fort Og?. thorpe. The Hot Springs camp wa? instituted by the Depart ment of Lahor, and it? occupants mostly were ?eamen from Interne*!? German shirs that wore eefred at the declaration of war by the Vnlted States. There were ~1?7 men Interned there. Thev all were li ocula'ed with anti-typhoid serum following the In vestigation by th? ?"rseon general. SPANISH WAR MEN NOT DRAFT EXEMPT War Department Corrects Ramor THey Need Not Register. Vet?:rana of the Spanish-American War art not exempt from draft under the rew man-power bill making th?^ apre limits from 18 to A?. The War Department emphasised this fact last night in a statement issued through the Provost Marsh.il General's office. Numerous inquiries have reached the department, it is said. Indicating .that there has gone abroad a wldc apreai impression that men who fought in 1S?8 are not required to register on September ?2. There is no ground whatever for this report. Gen. Crowder states, and men be tween IS and 45 who fought In th* war against Spain are subject to the selective .service act the same as other men. M'ADOO VINDICATES C. & W. I. BOND ACTION Blame? Bankng Hou?e Demand for Failure o Pay. Director General McAdoo. It, a states ment last night, declared that the failure of the Chicago and West In diana Railroad Compary to meet $IG.0C0.6n0 one-year collateral 6 per eent trust notes on September 1. the date of maturltv. was not because of the Federal Railroad Administration. He declared on the contrary that the banking firm of J. P. Morgan and Company refused to renew tne obli gation except at a rate of interest of 9 Zrt per cent, which terms, the state ment say?, "both the Director Gen eral ani the niTicers of the Chicago and Western Indiana Railroad Com pany regarded, and still regard, as excessive and unwarranted.** Mr. McAdoo Issued his ?statement to eontradirt reports in a New York newspaper, which blamed the Rail road Administration and charged that It had declined to advance the neces sary funds and had refuse the com pany permission to borrow at a rate higher than 6 per cent. Rain Postpones Lawn Party at Playground Five hundred children of the Happy Hollow Playground. Eighteenth ftreet and Kaloiama road""northwf St. were grevions!?* disappointed when rain postponed their lawn fete from F.i day until Monday. Tbey had spent many hours decoratine their play ground with crepe paper. The taw;i party will take place at .". o'clock Monday. The proceed? will be turned over to the Washington Welfare Association which provide? milk anfa hot drink? to the needy children on the playground? in winter Takes Over Columbia UniTerwtT. New York. Sept. ?.?Columbia Uni versity ha? been taken over by the Federal government for ??* ?j a p ?rmy post. Actual occupancy will talk? place October 1. ? -r. - Southern Key Point of Hlnden burg Line End-angered by Brit ish Push on 1 2-Mile Front. PRESS T0W?4RD LE CATELET Haig's Armies Occupy Nurlu, Lieramont, Longavesnes, Equancourt?Progiess In Flanders Also ?Made. London. Sept. 6.?St. Quentin, the southern key pennt of the main Hmdenburg defense line facing the British, is im? iTinently menaced as the result of an all-day British advance, which earned Haig's forces forward between two and three miles on a twelve-mile front and to a point seven miles e*?t of the Somme. Monchy-Lagache, Vraignes and Tincourt-Boucly have rjeen captured. The distances between these points and St Quentin are: From Vraignes?Nine and a half miles. From Monchy-Lagache?Ten miles. From Tincourt-Boucly?Twelve miles. At the same time the British army northeast of Peronne forged ahead between two and three miles on a wide front toward Le Catelet, the Hlndenburg line bulwark, situated half way bewteen Cambrai and St. Quentin. Equancourt. Nurlu, Longavesnes and Lieramont are in British hands. CLOSING IN ON LE CATELET. At Longavesne? the British are only eight and a half mile? ?outh west of Le Catelet; at Nurlu ten mile? ??parate them from that town, and at Lieramont they are only nine mile? wet of it. Ejqavan court lie? nine mile? ?outhwes' of Bopaurae. Except for the stretch of front between Havrinccurt and the Scarpe, the British are everywhere acro?, the Somme and the Canal du-Nord. In the angle formed 'y the canal ard the Bapaume-Cambrai high road the Germans are pulling a desperate resistance; but there, too, the British are slowly but surely ploughing northeastward in the direction of Cambre?. The most powerful natural obstacle in their path i? Havrincourt Wood; but Haig announced tonight thta hi? forces are approaching its southern edge, and are also nearing MeU en-Couture, two* and a half mile? east of the canal. In Flander* the town of Aroientiere? is almost within the grasp of the Anglo-American troop? advancing eastward. Their lmes ??rere ad?, ?need again today all the way between Erquingham and ?otath? east of Ypres, and further touth Neuve Chapelle fell to them. SEVEN MILEo. FROM SOMMF. London, Sept. 6.?South of Peronne the British tonight stand seven miles east of the Somme, Field Marshal Haig announced ir. his official night report. Monchy-Lapsche (seven miles southeast of Peronnel, Tincourt Boucly (four and a half miles east of Peronne) and Vraignes (sut. miles southeast of Peronne) are in British hands. Numerous prisoners were taken. Farther north, in their advance toward Le Catelet, the strong point in the main Hindenburg defense lines, half way between St. Quentin and Cambrai, the British smashed eastward to a depth of between one and three miles, capturing Nurlu, Lieremont, Longavca? nes and Equancourt Still farther ? north, driving northeastward toward Cambrai, the British arc approaching Meti-en-Couturc, two and a half miles east of the Canal du Nord, the statement says. They are also nearing th? southern edge of Havrincourt Wood, one of the last natural obttaete? separating them from Cambrai in that area. In Flanders the British line was pushed forward between Erquin??? I-.em and the region ?outheast of Ypre?. LETTERS FOUND ON DEAD PROVE HUN HOPE HAS FLED At the British Front. Sept. 4 ? Countless signa of the growing con cern among the German populace and of increasing discontent in the Ger man army are contained in lettera and papers fo-nd on dead and cap tured Oerm .aa. Drastic orders have been issued by the enemy's high command tn an at tempt to buck up the Teuton troops and instill the old-ti me spent and "punch." Certain enemy divisions ha* e been cut to ribbons in the recent defeats. Tha troops from southern Germany show a lower morale than thoae from north Germany, There can be no longer any doubt about the shortage *of German man power. It ia corroborated by the slipshod-shuffle of units along the fifty miles of the British battle line. One, batall?n in tbe laat few days' fighting consisted of one officer and thirty-five men. The normal strength of a German battalion ia 1.000. Prisoners taken yesterday by the British Fourth Arra> cam? from thli ty-four battalions of twenty-two Pdgl ments representing eight divisions grouped in a limited are?. Captiv?e tell of desertion* and of the atem methods taken by the huh command to discourage desertions. ? document signed by Lieut Gen. von Pcterdorflr found at a captured Ger man headquarters says, in part: "Within fourteen da> s one non-com miMaioned officer and ten raen of other ranks have beer, missing from the second guard reserve division. This ia an indication that the troops are insufficiently commanded and su perviaed. There is all the less excuse for this inasmuch as the division ry * a period of ten weeks training and .Teat ua good gu-aiTera, winch is more thrn any other dlws.on on the cm front has had. "I most positively rely upon ener getic action by officer? an?* all ranks to prevent incident? of thi? wturf which endanger the ?rood reputation of our division ' An unposted letter found oc ft prisoner and addressed to bis wift read: Thinge ?re beyond description. If It sets too hot. I shall let rays-elf be taken prisoner. A food many are deserting ' LaUdendorfF himself in an army order complains of the vettSff? ?f heavy and field artillery. Another captured order says greater care should be taken in tbe us? of bat teries as In a recent se; .on Germs? shells d*-opped on German trenrhe? killing 'heir own men Tbe encerness with which ivrmi of soldiers surrender is further evidence that German conftd?jK* Ut the future Is shettered. CaliiorLia's Crop ot Walnuts Record Breaker Loa Ansel?? ?Callfornl? ? walnut crop will be tiie createsi in taw hi? tory of th? Indualrv. accordine ta < Thorp?, manacer of tt,? California Walnut Grower?' Aaaoctattos. Drat ?hipnaenu of tbe ???.?on ? pick art ?J pect.d to ba on lb? rail? Uva lattar part ot September "Appro?lmaw ?> DO 000.00? pound? of th? largess raealad walnut? ta th? world." .^..d Thorpe "will be father ed tn CaJsaasfaaia till? ataaon. T?sa sa?? timated return on this croi? wjil tvp prci.irr.au K-iw-.tst?' ?